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Encyclopedia > Punta Arenas
City of Punta Arenas
City of Punta Arenas
Punta Arenas in Tierra del Fuego
Punta Arenas in Tierra del Fuego
Sunrise view of the Strait of magellan
Sunrise view of the Strait of magellan

Punta Arenas is the main city on the Strait of Magellan and the capital of the Región de Magallanes y la Antártica Chilena, Chile, and depending on the definition of "city," makes a claim for the world's southernmost city. Punta Arenas is the biggest city in the whole Patagonian Region. In 2000, it had a population of 120,000 [1]. It is roughly 1418.4 km between Punta Arenas and the coastline of Antarctica. Punta Arenas, Chile File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Punta Arenas, Chile File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Cities of Tierra del Fuego This map was created with this online map creation tool. ... Cities of Tierra del Fuego This map was created with this online map creation tool. ... Image File history File links Strait_of_magellan_dawn. ... Image File history File links Strait_of_magellan_dawn. ... The Strait of Magellan is a navigable route immediately south of mainland Chile, South America. ... ... In orange the area most commonly defined as Patagonia. ...


The Magallanes region is considered part of Chilean Patagonia. Magallanes is Spanish for Magellan, the explorer who, while circumnavigating the earth in service to the Spanish crown, originally passed not far from the present site of Punta Arenas in 1520.


Located at 53°10′S 70°56′W on the Brunswick Peninsula, Punta Arenas is the southernmost city of its size in the world; Ushuaia, Argentina is more southerly, but a lot smaller. The site, which was identified in early English navigational documents, was known as "Sandy Point." The 17th century explorer John Byron is sometimes given credit for the naming. But it was not until much later than any sort of city was settled by the Chilean government (1843). The name Punta Arenas grew out of the Spanish term 'Punta Arenosa', which was a literal translation of the English name 'Sandy Point'. The city has also been known as "Magallanes" though today that term is normally used to describe the administrative region which includes the city. Brunswick Peninsula (Spanish: ) is a large peninsula in Magallanes y la Antártica Region, Patagonia, Chile, at . ... The city of Ushuaia in early spring. ... John Byron (November 8, 1723 – April 10, 1786) was a British vice-admiral. ...


Two early Spanish settlements attempted along this coast (on the Straits of Magellan), including the first (1584), called Nombre de Jesús, failed in large part due to the harsh weather and difficulty in obtaining food and water, and the enormous distances from other Spanish ports. A second colony, Rey don Felipe, was attempted at another location some 80 kilometers south of Punta Arenas. This became known later as Puerto Hambre, sometimes translated as Port Starvation or Famine Port. These Spanish settlements had been established with the intent to prevent piracy by English pirates, by controlling the Straits of Magellan. Ironically it was an English pirate captain, Thomas Cavendish, who rescued the last surviving member of Puerto Hambre in 1587.


As said above, on the year 1843 the chilean government sent an expedition with the appointed task of establishing a permanent settlement on the shores of the Strait of Magellan. For this it built and commisioned a small sail ship called Goleta Ancud, which under the command of the british sailor John Williams transported a crew of 21 people (captain, eighteen crew, two women), plus cargo, to accomplish the mandate of the chilean government. The founding act of the settlement took place on the 21st of september 1843.


Although the site was perfectly suited for a military garrison with the mission of coastal defence, since it is located on top of a small rocky peninsula, it was ill prepared to become a proper civilian settlement. With this in mind the Military Governor, José de los Santos Mardones, decided in 1848 to move the settlement to its current location, on the sides of the Las Minas river, renaming it Punta Arenas.


In the mid-19th century, Chile used Punta Arenas as a penal colony and a disciplinary posting for military personnel with "problematic" behaviour, as well as a place for immigrant colonisation. In 1877 a mutiny, known as "El Motín de los Artilleros" (Mutiny of the Artillerymen) led to the destruction of a large part of the town and the murder of many civilians not directly associated with the prison. In time the city was restored and with the growth of the sheep industry and the discovery of gold, as well as increasing trade via sailing ships, began to prosper. Between about 1890 and 1940, the Magallanes region became one of the world's most important sheep-raising regions, with one company (Sociedad Explotadora de Tierra del Fuego) controlling over 10,000 square kilometres in southern Chile and Argentina. The headquarters of this company and the residences of the owners were in Punta Arenas. Visitors today can get a glimpse of the economic stature of the city, or at least of its leading citizens, by touring the Sarah Braun museum (sometimes called Braun-Menéndez mansion) in the center of Punta Arenas. Other popular attractions include the two nearby rookeries for Magellanic penguins, and the rebuilt site of the failed Fuerte Bulnes settlement.


The Punta Arenas harbour, although exposed to storms, was considered one of the most important in Chile before the construction of the Panama Canal, because it was used by ships to prepare for the difficult passage around Cape Horn. Today it is mostly used by tourism cruises and scientific expeditions. The city is often a jumping-off point for Antarctic expeditions, although these days Ushuaia is the more frequently used port. The Panama Canal (Spanish: ) is a major ship canal that traverses the Isthmus of Panama in Central America, connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. ... Cape Horn from the South. ... The city of Ushuaia in early spring. ...


By 2006 the economy of Punta Arenas and the region had diversified considerably, and the city is vibrant and modern. Chile's principal oil reserves, though small, are located here, along with some low-grade coal. A modern methane plant is located a short distance from the city. Agricultural production, including sheep and cattle, continues to play a significant role, while tourism has contributed to its popularity and steady growth. Fisheries and silviculture are also significant here. A regular ferry service connects Punta Arenas with the main island of Tierra del Fuego and a less frequent ferry runs to the Chilean town of Puerto Williams. A modern airport serves international connections and is often a stopping point for aircraft going to or coming from Antarctica. Paved highways connect Punta Arenas with Argentina. Puerto Williams in Tierra del Fuego Puerto Williams is a small Chilean port, located on Isla Navarino facing the Beagle Channel. ...

Contents

Climate

The seasonal temperature in Punta Arenas is greatly moderated by its proximity to the ocean, with weather.com specifying average lows in July near 31 °F (−1 °C) and highs in January of 57 °F (14 °C). This is not to say that it is known for stable constant temperatures, only small variability with season. Punta Arenas is also quite dry, with only 1.7 inches (43 mm) of rain in its wettest month of May. Among Chileans the city is also known for its strong winds (up to 130 km/hour). Winds tend to be strongest during the summer when city officials put up ropes in the downtown area to assist with unique wind currents created by the buildings.


Tourism

Near Punta Arenas Ski Center
Near Punta Arenas Ski Center

Patagonia is recognized worldwide for amazing sights and wilderness. Interesting places to visit include: punta arenas, chile File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... punta arenas, chile File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... In orange the area most commonly defined as Patagonia. ...

  • Penguin colonies in Seno Otway and Magdalena Island.
  • Rey Jorge Island Natural Sea Park (whale observation).
  • Torres del Paine National Park, near Puerto Natales.
  • Seno Skyring
  • Puerto Hambre, an early Spanish colony which failed and under the name of Port Famine became a Royal Navy base. It was here that Captain Pringle Stokes, the captain of HMS Beagle, shot himself in his cabin due to severe depression and temporary command was given to Lieutenant W.G. Skyring.

The city of Punta Arenas has a rich history, reflected in places such as: Modern Genera Aptenodytes Eudyptes Eudyptula Megadyptes Pygoscelis Spheniscus For extinct genera, see Systematics Penguins (order Sphenisciformes, family Spheniscidae) are an order of aquatic, flightless birds living exclusively in the Southern Hemisphere. ... Torres del Paine, Chile A view of the Torres del Paine National Park The three Towers of Paine (Spanish: Torres del Paine) in southern Chile are gigantic granite monoliths shaped by the forces of glacial ice. ... Puerto Hambre, also known as Puerto del Hambre and at one time as Port Famine, is a historic settlement site at Buena Bay on the west side of the Strait of Magellan approximately 58 km (36 miles) south of Punta Arenas in the Región de Magallanes y la Ant... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). ... HMS Beagle was a Cherokee class 10-gun brig of the Royal Navy, named after the beagle, a breed of dog. ...

  • Regional Museum, with historical artifacts and part of the Braun-Menéndez Mansion.
  • Maggiorino Borgatello Museum, Salesian Society museum of natural history and prehispanic ethnic groups.
  • Punta Arenas Cemetery.
  • Cerro Mirador Ski Center, which has a beautiful view of the Strait of Magellan.

The Salesians of Don Bosco (or the Salesian Society, originally known as the Society of St. ... The Strait of Magellan is a navigable route immediately south of mainland Chile, South America. ...

Sister Cities

Punta Arenas has the following sister city relationships, according to Bellingham Sister Cities Association, and Sister Cities International: Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Bellingham, Washington is the county seat of Whatcom County in the U.S. state of Washington. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia. ... Look up Split in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Interactive map, INE Census 2002, Chile. (Click on XII Region and then on Punta Arenas)

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Category:Punta Arenas

Bold text Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Punta Arenas - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1301 words)
Punta Arenas is the main city on the Strait of Magellan and the capital of the Región de Magallanes y la Antártica Chilena, Chile, and depending on the definition of "city," makes a claim for the world's southernmost city.
The Punta Arenas harbour, although exposed to storms, was considered one of the most important in Chile before the construction of the Panama Canal, because it was used by ships to prepare for the difficult passage around Cape Horn.
The seasonal temperature in Punta Arenas is greatly moderated by its proximity to the ocean, with weather.com specifying average lows in July near 31 °F (−1 °C) and highs in January of 57 °F (14 °C).
Punta Arenas (481 words)
In Punta Arenas, the so-called British Section is actually somewhat of a misnomer, because several other nationalities are represented, including German, French, Norwegian and Chilean.
Punta Arenas was a very busy place until the Panama Canal stole much of the sea bound traffic from the Magellan Straits.
Punta Arenas was dominated those days by two families - the Menendez' and the Braun's.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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