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Encyclopedia > Punjab Hill States

The Punjab Hill States Agency was an administrative unit of British India. The agency was created in 1936, and was composed of a number of princely states the present-day Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Uttaranchal. The Punjab Hill States Agency was created out of the Punjab States Agency, which was created in 1901. The states came under British suzerainty after the Anglo-Nepalese War of 1814-16, and were known as the Simla Hill States. They later came under the authority of the British province of Punjab, with the exception of Tehri-Garhwal, which was under the authority of the United Provinces. After Indian Independence in 1947, the states acceded to the Government of India, most of the states became the new state of Himachal Pradesh, with Tehri-Garhwal becoming part of Uttar Pradesh. In 2000, the northern portion of Uttar Pradesh, including the former state of Tehri-Garhwal, became the new Indian state of Uttaranchal. British India (otherwise known as The British Raj) was a historical period during which most of the Indian subcontinent, or present-day India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar, were under the colonial authority of the British Empire (Undivided India). ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... A princely state or native state was a feudal monarchy in British India ruled by a hereditary ruler, who was nominally sovereign. ... Himachal Pradesh, formally the Punjab Hill States, is a state in northwest India. ... Uttaranchal (उत्तरांचल) became the 27th state of the Republic of India on November 9, 2000. ... The Punjab States Agency was an administrative unit of British India. ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Gurkha War (1814-1816), also known as the Anglo-Nepalese War, was fought between the British Empire and the Kingdom of Nepal. ... The term hill states means states in a hilly area. ... Punjab, 1903 Punjab Province, 1909 The Punjab (meaning: Land of five Rivers; also Panjab, Gurmukhi: ਪੰਜਾਬ, Shahmukhi: پنجاب) is a region straddling the border between India and Pakistan. ... Tehri Garhwal District is a district of Uttaranchal state of northern India. ... United Provinces, 1903 The United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, mainly referred to simply as the United Provinces, was a former province of British India, which existed from 1902 to 1947. ... The Government of India, officially referred to as the Union Government, and commonly as Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of a federal union of 28 states and 7 union territories, collectively called Republic of India. ... Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: उत्तर प्रदेश, Urdu: اتر پردیش), also popularly known by its abbreviation UP, is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Union of India. ...


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PUNJAB - LoveToKnow Article on PUNJAB (6394 words)
the Phulkian states of Patiala, Jind and Nabha and the Sikh state of Kapurthala, occupying the centre of the eastern plains; the Mahommedan state of Bahawalpur between the Sutlej and the Rajputana desert; and the hill states, among the Punjab Himalayas held by ancient Rajput families, including Chamba, Mandi, Suket, Sirmur and the Simla states.
The Punjab enjoys two well-marked seasons of rainfall; the monsoon period, lasting from the middle of June till the end of September, on which the autumn crops and spring sowings depend; and the winter rains, which fall early in January, and though often insignificant in amount materially affect the prosperity of the spring harvest.
The principal reserved forests are the deodar (Cedrus Deodara) and chil (P-inus Ion gifolia) tracts in the hills, the plantations of shisham (Dalbergia Sissu) and sal (Shorea robusta) in the plains, and the fuel rakhs or preserves (Acacia, Prosopis, andc.).
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