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Encyclopedia > Punjab (India)
  ?ਪੰਜਾਬ
Punjab
India
Coordinates: 30°44′N 76°47′E / 30.73, 76.78
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area 50,362 km² (19,445 sq mi)
Capital Chandigarh
Largest city Ludhiana
District(s) 20
Population
Density
24,289,296 (15th)
• 482 /km² (1,248 /sq mi)
Language(s) Punjabi
Governor Sunith Francis Rodrigues
Chief Minister Parkash Singh Badal
Established 1956-11-01
Legislature (seats) The Punjab Government Unicameral (117 Punjab MLAs)
ISO abbreviation IN-PB
Seal of Punjab

Coordinates: 30°44′N 76°47′E / 30.73, 76.78 Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links India_Punjab_locator_map. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 10,000 km² and 100,000 km². ... Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh National Capital Territory of Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar... , Chandigarh   (Punjabi: , Hindi: , pronunciation: ) also called The City Beautiful , is a city in India that serves as the capital of two states: Punjab and Haryana. ... For the district of the same name, see Ludhiana District. ... The divisions of a district. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh National Capital Territory of Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar... As a large and linguistically diverse country, India does not have a single official language. ... Punjabi redirects here. ... http://www. ... Gen. ... Punjab, India Chief Ministers of India http://punjabassembly. ... Parkash Singh Badal is the current president of the Shiromani Akali Dal, a political party recognised in the Indian state of Punjab. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Judiciary Supreme Court of India Chief Justice of India High Courts District Courts Elections Political Parties Local & State Govt. ... Punjab Government, of the Indian state of Punjab with its capital in Chandigarh is headed by Chief Minister Captain Amarinder Singh of Indian National Congress party. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... ISO 3166-2 for India (ISO 3166-1 : IN) The purpose of this family of standards is to establish a worldwide series of short abbreviations for places, for use on package labels, containers and such. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Punjab (Punjabi: ਪੰਜਾਬ, IPA: [pəɲdʒaːb]) is a state in northwest India. The Indian state borders the Pakistani province of Punjab to the west, Jammu and Kashmir to the north, Himachal Pradesh to the northeast, Haryana to the south and southeast, Chandigarh to the southeast and Rajasthan to the southwest. The total area of the state is 50,362 square kilometres (19,445 square miles). The population is 24,289,296 (2000). Punjab's capital is Chandigarh, which is administered separately as a Union Territory since it is also the capital of neighbouring Haryana. Other major cities of Punjab include Ludhiana, Amritsar, Jalandhar and Patiala. The state is the location of one of the world's first and oldest civilizations, the Indus Valley Civilization, India's first civilization.[1] Look up Punjab in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Punjabi redirects here. ... India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ... This article is about the Pakistani province. ... This article is about the area administered by India. ... , Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश, IPA:  ) is a state in the north-west of India. ... For the town in Hoshiarpur district, see Hariana. ... , Chandigarh   (Punjabi: , Hindi: , pronunciation: ) also called The City Beautiful , is a city in India that serves as the capital of two states: Punjab and Haryana. ... , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ... A Union Territory is an administrative division of India. ... For the district of the same name, see Ludhiana District. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the city in India. ... , Patiala   (Punjabi: ਪਟਿਆਲਾ) is a city in the Punjab state of India. ... Excavated ruins of Mohenjo-daro. ...


The Indian Punjab historically forms a part of the larger Punjab region, which includes some parts of Afghanistan, Pakistani province of Punjab and the North West Frontier Province, the Indian states of Haryana and Himachal Pradesh, parts of J&K and Delhi and the Union Territory of Chandigarh. Indian Punjab was trifurcated in the year 1966 leading to the formation of Haryana and Himachal Pradesh. This article is about the geographical region. ... This article is about the Pakistani province. ... North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) is geographically the smallest of the four provinces of Pakistan. ... For the town in Hoshiarpur district, see Hariana. ... , Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश, IPA:  ) is a state in the north-west of India. ... Jammu and Kashmir   (IPA: , Kashmiri:ज्वम त॒ कॅशीर جۄم تٕہ کٔشِیر, Hindi:जम्मू और कश्मीर, Urdu:جموں Ùˆ کشمیر) (often abbreviated as Kashmir), is the northern-most state of India, lying mostly in the Himalayan mountains. ... , For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... , Chandigarh   (Punjabi: , Hindi: , pronunciation: ) also called The City Beautiful , is a city in India that serves as the capital of two states: Punjab and Haryana. ... For the town in Hoshiarpur district, see Hariana. ... , Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश, IPA:  ) is a state in the north-west of India. ...


Agriculture is the largest industry in Punjab. Others major industries include the manufacture of scientific instruments, electrical goods, financial services, machine tools, textiles, sewing machines, sports goods, starch, tourism, fertilizers, bicycles, garments, and the processing of pine oil and sugar. Punjab is considered to have the best infrastructure in India [2], this includes road, rail, air and river transport links that are extensive throughout the region. Punjab also has the lowest poverty rate in India at 6.16% (1999-2000 figures), and has won the best state performance award[3], based on statistical data compiled by the Indian Government.

Contents

Etymology

The River Sutlej, one of the 5 rivers that gives Punjab it's name from Rampur ca. 1857
The River Sutlej, one of the 5 rivers that gives Punjab it's name from Rampur ca. 1857
The River Beas flowing throwing highlands
The River Beas flowing throwing highlands

The word "Punjab" is a combination of the Persian words 'panj' (پنج) Five, and 'āb' (آب) Water, giving the literal meaning of the Land of Five Rivers. The five rivers after which Punjab is named are the Beas, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi and Sutlej. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... The Sutlej, also known as Satluj, is the longest of the five rivers of Punjab (five waters) that flows through Northern India, with its source in Tibet near Mount Kailash. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 962 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Beas River Manali, Himachal Pradesh Kullu Manali Circuit Portal:Himachal Pradesh Portal:Himachal Pradesh/Picture gallery Metadata This... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 962 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Beas River Manali, Himachal Pradesh Kullu Manali Circuit Portal:Himachal Pradesh Portal:Himachal Pradesh/Picture gallery Metadata This... Beas is a small town in the Punjab state of India, located between the cities of Amritsar and Jalandhar along the banks of the river Beas. ... Highland or Highlands has these meanings:- The term highland is used in geography for any elevated mountainous plateau. ... Italian ( , or lingua italiana) is a Romance language spoken by about 63 million people,[4] primarily in Italy. ... The Beas River (Punjabi: ) runs through the Northwestern Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab. ... The Jhelum River is the largest and most western of the five rivers of the Punjab province of Pakistan, and passes through Jhelum City. ... The Chenab River (Punjabi: , , Urdu: , literally Moon(Chen) River(ab)) is formed by the confluence of the Chandra and Bhaga rivers at Tandi located in the upper Himalayas, in the Lahaul district of Himachal Pradesh, India. ... The Ravi River (Punjabi: , Urdu: ) is a river in India and Pakistan. ... The Sutlej is a river that flows through Northern India, with its source in Tibet. ...


Geography

Most of the Punjab is an alluvial plain, bounded by mountains to the North. Despite its dry conditions, it is a rich agricultural area due to the extensive irrigation made possible by the great river system traversing it. Punjab region temperature range from -2° to 40°C (MIN/MAX), but can reach 47°C (117°F) in summer and can touch down to -5°C in winter. Alluvium is soil land deposited by a river or other running water. ...


Religion

Wideview of the Harimandir Sahib (Golden Temple) night lit
Wideview of the Harimandir Sahib (Golden Temple) night lit
Harimandir Sahib (Golden Temple) at night
Harimandir Sahib (Golden Temple) at night

The majority of Punjab practices 1 of 2 religions. Punjab is the one and only place in the world where Sikhism is the most practiced faith. Sikhism is practiced by about 63.9% of the population [4] & 34.9% practices Hinduism. There is a small Muslim minority left (most of the Muslim population migrated to the Pakistani side after Partition). The holiest of Sikh shrines, the Golden Temple or Harmandir Sahib, is in the city of Amritsar. The Sri Akal Takht Sahib which resides within the Golden temple complex is the temporal seat of Sikhs. Of the five Takhts[Temporal Seat] of Sikhism, three are in Punjab. Anandpur Sahib is where Guru Gobind Singh created the Khalsa, on one of the most important day on the Sikh calender called Vaisakhi. On a special day on the Sikh calender such as Vaisakhi,Hola Mohalla,a Gurpurb or Diwali, Sikh gatherings march through every city, town and village. At least one Sikh Gurdwara will be situated in every village, town and city they can be found in various styles and sizes. There will be number Sikh shrines found in each and every district made in the commemoration of a Sikh Guru or Martyr. Punjab is also the birthplace of the Hindu religion. Traditional literature of the Ramayana and Mahabharata, the Puranas, the Vedas are all traced back to Punjab. A generation ago, the turban was the "crowning glory" of all Punjabis whether Muslim, Hindu or Sikh. Muslims and Hindus have given up their turbans, but it remains, literally, an article of faith for Sikh men whose religion forbids them to cut their hair. For the Golden Pavilion Temple in Kyoto, Japan, see Kinkaku-ji. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (974x640, 77 KB) Summary The Golden Temple (Harmandir Sahib) at night. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (974x640, 77 KB) Summary The Golden Temple (Harmandir Sahib) at night. ... For the Golden Pavilion Temple in Kyoto, Japan, see Kinkaku-ji. ... Sikhism (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ), founded on the teachings of Guru Nanak Dev and nine successive gurus in fifteenth century Northern India, is the fifth-largest religion in the world. ... Sikhism (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ), founded on the teachings of Guru Nanak Dev and nine successive gurus in fifteenth century Northern India, is the fifth-largest religion in the world. ... Hinduism is a religious tradition[1] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... Religions Sikhism Scriptures Guru Granth Sahib Languages English, Punjabi] A Sikh (English: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is an adherent to Sikhism. ... For the Golden Pavilion Temple in Kyoto, Japan, see Kinkaku-ji. ... Harmandir Sahib or Darbar Sahib(also Hari Mandir, Harimandar and other variants; Punjabi: ਹਰਿਮੰਦਰ ਸਾਹਿਬ) is the most sacred shrine in Sikhism, located in Amritsar, Punjab, India. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sri Akal Takht Sahib is the second holiest shrine of the Sikhs. ... Religions Sikhism Scriptures Guru Granth Sahib Languages English, Punjabi] A Sikh (English: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is an adherent to Sikhism. ... Sikhism (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ), founded on the teachings of Guru Nanak Dev and nine successive gurus in fifteenth century Northern India, is the fifth-largest religion in the world. ... Anandpur Sahib is a holy Sikh city and one of the five most holy places in Sikhism. ... Guru Gobind Singh (Punjabi: ) (22 December 1666 – 7 October 1708) He was born in Patna in India in 1666 and became the tenth Guru of the Sikhs on 11 November 1675, succeeding his father, Guru Tegh Bahadur who was killed by Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. ... Khalsa (Punjabi: , literally Pure) refers to the collective body of all baptized Sikhs. ... Vaisakhi (Punjabi: , , also known as Baisakhi) is an ancient harvest festival in Punjab, which also marks beginning of a new solar year, and new harvest season. ... Holla Mohalla festival (Photo:Reuters/Kamal Kishore) Hola Mohalla or Hola Mahalla or simply Hola is a Sikh festival that takes place on the first of the lunar month of Chet which usually falls in March. ... Diwali, or Deepawali, (also called Tihar and Swanti in Nepal) (Markiscarali) is a major Indian and Nepalese festive holiday, and a significant festival in Hinduism, Sikhism and Jainism. ... For the television series by Ramanand Sagar, see Ramayan (TV series). ... For the film by Peter Brook, see The Mahabharata (1989 film). ... Purana (Sanskrit: ), meaning belonging to ancient or olden times, is the name of an ancient Indian genre (or a group of related genres) of Hindu or Jain literature (as distinct from oral tradition). ... Veda redirects here. ...


The Punjabi language, written in the Gurmukhi script is the prevalent language in the state. Punjabi redirects here. ... The Gurmukhi (ਗੁਰਮੁਖੀ or ਗੁਰਮੁੱਖੀ) script, derived from the Later Sharada script and standardised by Guru Angad Dev in the 16th century, was designed to write the Punjabi (ਪੰਜਾਬੀ) language. ...

Religion Adherents  % of total
All 24,358,999 100%
Sikhs [5] 14,592,387 59.90 %
Hindus [6] 8,997,942 36.94 %
Muslims [7] 382,045 1.56 %
Christians [8] 292,800 1.20 %
Buddhists [9] 41,487 0.17 %
Jains [10] 39,276 0.16 %
Others [11] 8,594 0.035 %
Not stated [12] 4,468 0.018 %

Religions Sikhism Scriptures Guru Granth Sahib Languages English, Punjabi] A Sikh (English: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is an adherent to Sikhism. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... JAIN is an activity within the Java Community Process, developing APIs for the creation of telephony (voice and data) services. ...

Education

Guru Gobind Singh Bhawan
Guru Gobind Singh Bhawan
The Punjab Jalandhar NITJ Main Building
The Punjab Jalandhar NITJ Main Building

Punjab is served by 11 leading public institutes of excellence in higher education (listed below). All the major arts, humanities, science, engineering, law, medicine, veterinary science, and business courses are offered, leading to first degrees as well as postgraduate awards. Advanced research is conducted in all major areas of excellence. Punjab Agricultural University is one of the world's leading authorities in agriculture. It was instrumental and played vital role in Punjab's Green Revolution in the 1960s-70s. Image File history File links Main_Building_NIT_jalandhar. ... Image File history File links Main_Building_NIT_jalandhar. ... This article is about the city in India. ... The University of Cambridge is an institute of higher learning. ... The Green Revolution was the worldwide transformation of agriculture that led to significant increases in agricultural production between the 1940s and 1960s. ...

  1. Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar.
  2. Punjabi University, Patiala.
  3. Panjab University, Chandigarh.
  4. Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana.
  5. Punjab Technical University, Jalandhar.
  6. Baba Farid University of Health Sciences, Faridkot.
  7. Punjab Veternary Sciences University, Talwandi Sabo[13].
  8. Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University[14].
  9. National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education & Research, Mohali
  10. National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar.
  11. Thapar University, Patiala.

The current Prime Minister of India, Dr Manmohan Singh was educated at Panjab University, Chandigarh. GURU NANAK DEV UNIVERSITY (G.N.D.U.) was established at Amritsar, India on 24th November,1969 to commemorate Guru Nanak Devs birth quincentenary celebrations. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Punjabi University Patiala, one of the premier institutions of higher education located in Punjab (a state in India). ... , Patiala   (Punjabi: ਪਟਿਆਲਾ) is a city in the Punjab state of India. ... Punjab University (officially spelt as Panjab University) is one of the oldest reputed universities in north west India. ... , Chandigarh   (Punjabi: , Hindi: , pronunciation: ) also called The City Beautiful , is a city in India that serves as the capital of two states: Punjab and Haryana. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... For the district of the same name, see Ludhiana District. ... Punjab Technical University (PTU), at Jalandhar was established by an act of State Legislature on 16 th Jan 1997, to promote Technical, Management & Pharmaceutical education in the Punjab State at the Degree level and above. ... This article is about the city in India. ... Named after 12-th century Punjabi sufi preacher Baba Farid, Baba Farid University of Health Sciences Faridkot was established by Punjab Government in July of 1998. ... Faridkot (1981 pop. ... Talwandi Sabo, also known as Takht Sri Damdama Sahib is located in district Bathinda , Punjab, India. ... // Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, which was a part of Punjab Agricultural University was established on 9th August 2005 to serve the society by promoting the livestock production, health and prevention of diseases through integrated teaching and extension programmes. ... The National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, India was established by the Government of India to cater to the long-standing demand for setting up a dedicated nodal for quality higher education and advanced research in the pharmaceutical sciences. ... , Mohali (Punjabi: , ) is a city adjacent to Chandigarh, 18th District in Punjab, India. ... Dr B R Ambedkar National Institute of Technology also called NIT-Jalandhar or NITJ and formerly known as Regional Engineering College, Jalandhar is still the youngest and the fastest growing amongst the eighteen National Institutes of Technology of India. ... This article is about the city in India. ... Thapar University- Previously Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology(TIET)(before 2007)- was founded in 1956 by Karam Chand Thapar of the Thapar Group of companies. ... , Patiala   (Punjabi: ਪਟਿਆਲਾ) is a city in the Punjab state of India. ... The Prime Minister of India is, in practice, the most powerful person in the Government of India. ... This article is about the Prime Minister of India. ... , Chandigarh   (Punjabi: , Hindi: , pronunciation: ) also called The City Beautiful , is a city in India that serves as the capital of two states: Punjab and Haryana. ...


Professor Har Gobind Khorana, famous Nobel laureate & biotechnologist was educated at Panjab University. Har Gobind Khorana (born January 9, 1922) is an American molecular biologist born of Indian Punjabi heritage in British India. ... The Nobel Prizes (pronounced no-BELL or no-bell) are awarded annually to people who have done outstanding research, invented groundbreaking techniques or equipment, or made outstanding contributions to society. ... Wöhler observes the synthesis of urea. ...


Business and infrastructure

Punjab has the best infrastructure in all of India[15][16] and as result it is becoming attractive to foreign companies looking for bases and manufacturing zones for their Indian operations. The Indian National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER) has ranked Punjab's infrastructure as the best in India. Its road, rail, air and transport system is rated best in the country with ranking of 210 points[17] compared to the national average of 100 in NCAER’s infrastructure index. It has highest per capita generation of electricity in India, which is 2.5 times the national average. All major Punjabi cities benefit from this and having one of lowest tariff's in India, including all of Punjab's villages, which have been electrified and connected to the Punjabi electrical power grid since 1974.

  • Total Road network 47,605 km
  • All cities connected by National Highways.
  • All major towns of adjoining states connected by National Highways.
  • Percentage of villages connected by metalled roads 97%
  • National Highways: 1000 km
  • State Highways: 2166 km
  • Major Distt. Roads: 1799 km
  • Other District Roads: 3340 km
  • Link Roads: 31657 km

Source: NCAER & Punjab Government


Tourism

Famous tourist visiting site Mohindra College, Patiala at night.
Famous tourist visiting site Mohindra College, Patiala at night.

Main article: Punjab (India) Tourism Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Mohindra College, Patiala Mohindra College, located in Patiala, Punjab is first institution in Punjab to receive A+ grade from NAAC - National Assessment and Accreditation Council - of Government of India. ... , Patiala   (Punjabi: ਪਟਿਆਲਾ) is a city in the Punjab state of India. ... The current version of the article or section reads like an advertisement. ...


Tourism is a swiftly expanding area and many analysts predict huge potential. Tourism of Punjab is principally suited for the tourist interested in culture, civilization, spirituality and epic history. More specifically tourism is particularly suited for the person who is interested in epic history, the celebrated Punjabi culture, royal Punjabi palaces, historic battles and of course the world-renowned examples of Sikh Architecture, shrines and temples.


For more on tourism in Punjab please see Tourism main article above.


Famous Punjabis

Main article: The Punjabi people
Main article: Famous Punjabis
Main article: Famous Punjabi poets The Punjabi people (Punjabi: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ, پنجابی, also Panjabi people) are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group from South Asia. ... This is a full spectrum list of famous and prominent Punjabi people from the Punjab region of Northern India, Pakistan and the emigrant Punjabi people diaspora worldwide, including in the EU, US, Canada and etc. ... This is a List of Punjabi poets: Farid Ganjshakar Hashim Shah Hussain Waris Shah Bulleh Shah Guru Nanak Sultan Bahu Khwaja Ghulam Farid Shiv Kumar Batalvi Amrita Pritam Mohan Singh Pash Dr. Harbhajan Singh Bhai Vir Singh Jagjit Brar Kadir Yaar Sukhbir See also Punjabi language, Gurmukhi and Shahmukhi Punjab...


The Indian Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh is a Punjabi. Two former Indian Prime Ministers include I K Gujral and Gulzarilal Nanda both of whom were also Punjabis. Another Punjabi to occupy the topmost post in India was the former President of India Giani Zail Singh. A former Chief of Army Staff of India, General General Joginder Jaswant Singh is a Punjabi, so is famous Nobel laureate Professor Har Gobind Khorana. The first Indian in Outer space is a Punjabi - Wing Commander Rakesh Sharma. The highest ranking office in the history of the Indian Air force was a Punjabi, Marshal of the Air Force of India - Arjan Singh (the highest rank ever given in the history of the Indian Air force). The first Indian-American Governor and new Governor Elect of Louisiana., USA Bobby Jindal (Rep) is also a Punjabi from his fathers parental lineage. In the entertainment sector, the giant Dalip Singh helps promote Punjab in the sphere of Professional wrestling. Indian cricket star Harbhajan Singh is from the Punjab from a village called Lamhbra on the outskirts of Jalandhar. [Gurdass Mann]] and Hans Raj Hans are two of the most famous singers to come from the punjab. The first ever Asian Member of the US Senate, Dr. Dalip Singh Saund, was a Punjabi as was Kalpana Chawla, the famous US astronaut. For more on Famous Punjabi People please see lists above. Dr. Manmohan Singh (Punjabi: , Hindi: ) is the 14th and current Prime Minister of India. ... Inder Kumar Gujral (born 4 December 1919) was the twelfth Prime Minister of the Republic of India. ... Gulzarilal Nanda (Hindi: ) (July 4, 1898 - January 15, 1998) was an Indian politician. ... This article needs cleanup. ... The Chief of Army Staff of the Indian Army (COAS) is the highest post in the Indian Army. ... General Joginder Jaswant Singh (b. ... The Nobel Prizes (pronounced no-BELL or no-bell) are awarded annually to people who have done outstanding research, invented groundbreaking techniques or equipment, or made outstanding contributions to society. ... Har Gobind Khorana (born January 9, 1922) is an American molecular biologist born of Indian Punjabi heritage in British India. ... Layers of Atmosphere - not to scale (NOAA)[1] Outer space, sometimes simply called space, refers to the relatively empty regions of the universe outside the atmospheres of celestial bodies. ... Rakesh Sharma can mean: An Indian astronaut: described below. ... Marshal of the Air Force Arjan Singh DFC was born on April 15, 1919 in Lyalpur, and educated at Montogmery (then a part of undivided India, and, now in Pakistan). ... Bobby Jindal (born Piyush Jindal June 10, 1971, in Baton Rouge, Louisiana) is a Louisiana politician. ... Dalip Singh (born August 27, 1972) is an Indian wrestler and actor, better known by his ringname The Great Khali. ... For the NES video game, see Pro Wrestling (video game). ... Harbhajan Singh   (Punjabi: , born: 3 July 1980 in Jalandhar, Punjab, India) is an Indian cricketer and Indias most successful off spin bowler. ... This article is about the city in India. ... Dalip Singh Saund (September 20, 1899–April 22, 1973) was a member of the United States House of Representatives. ... Kalpana Chawla (Hindi: कल्‍पना चावला)(Punjabi:ਕਲਪਨਾ ਚਾਵਲਾ) (7 March 1962 – 1 February 2003), was an Indian-American astronaut and space shuttle mission specialist. ... For other uses, see Astronaut (disambiguation). ...

Economy

Excluding agriculture other major industries include the manufacture of scientific instruments, electrical goods, machine tools, textiles, tourism, sewing machines, sports goods, starch, fertilizers, bicycles, and the processing of pine oil and sugar.Also, a big source of pakistani rice


Macro-economic trend

This is a chart of trend of gross state domestic product of Punjab at market prices estimated by Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation with figures in millions of Indian Rupees. The traditional long-term financial policy of the central government is to reward well-performing States. Judiciary Supreme Court of India Chief Justice of India High Courts District Courts Elections Political Parties Local & State Govt. ...

Year Gross State Domestic Product
1980 50,250
1985 95,060
1990 188,830
1995 386,150
2000 660,100

Punjab's gross state domestic product for 2004 is estimated at $180 billion in current prices.


About 1% of the S&P CNX 500 conglomerates have corporate offices in Punjab. This is a list of NSE-indexed conglomerates with corporate offices in Punjab. Figures are given in millions of Indian Rupees for 2005.

Rank Conglomerate Gross Income
1 Mahavir Spinning Mills 19,376
2 Punjab Tractors 10,245
3 Abhishek Industries 7,537
4 Nahar Spinning Mills 4,687
5 Nahar Exports 4,293
6 Vardhman Polytex 2,955

Agriculture

Punjab (the five rivers region) is one of the most fertile regions on earth. The region is ideal for wheat-growing. Rice, sugar cane, fruits and vegetables are also grown. Indian Punjab is called the "Granary of India" or "India's bread-basket." [18] It produces 14% of India's cotton, 20% of India's wheat, and 9% of India's rice. In worldwide terms, Indian Punjab produces 2% of the world's cotton, 2% of its wheat and 1% of the world's rice.[19] The largest grown crop is wheat. Other important crops are rice, cotton, sugarcane, pearl millet, maize, barley and fruit. This article is about Earth as a planet. ... Vegetables on a market Vegetable is a nutritional and culinary term denoting any part of a plant that is commonly consumed by humans as food, but is not regarded as a culinary fruit, nut, herb, spice, or grain. ... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat Wheat For the indie rock group, see Wheat (band). ... For other uses, see Rice (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Cotton (disambiguation). ... Species Saccharum arundinaceum Saccharum bengalense Saccharum edule Saccharum officinarum Saccharum procerum Saccharum ravennae Saccharum robustum Saccharum sinense Saccharum spontaneum Sugarcane or Sugar cane (Saccharum) is a genus of 6 to 37 species (depending on taxonomic interpretation) of tall perennial grasses (family Poaceae, tribe Andropogoneae), native to warm temperate to tropical... Binomial name (L.) R. Br. ... This article is about the maize plant. ... For other uses, see Barley (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fruit (disambiguation). ...


Source: Punjab Government


Punjab Medals of Honour

The Punjab Medals of Honour are a collection of awards that are given by the Government of Punjab for exceptional excellence and achievement in the service of Punjab, the Punjabi people and internationally. Some awards are given yearly and some are only given rarely and under exceptional circumstances, where the individual has shown remarkable sacrifice or personal service of Punjab. To win one of the rare awards would probably make the individual a household famous name in Punjab. Two of the most prestigious awards are koj Punjab Rattan Award and the Maharaja Ranjit Singh Award (a very prestigious award). The Punjabi people (Punjabi: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ, پنجابی, also Panjabi people) are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group from South Asia. ... For other uses, see Celebrity (disambiguation). ... The Punjab Rattan Award, is a very prestigious award given by the Government of Punjab for exceptional excellence and achievement in the service of Punjab or international level in the field of art, literature, culture, science, technology, politics and achievements at the international level. ... The Maharaja Ranjit Singh Award, is a very prestigious award given by the Government of Punjab for exceptional excellence and achievement in the service of Punjab in the field of Sport. ...


Twin Punjabi Associations

The Punjab historically, since ancient times, has been one cultural and political entity within which the Punjabi people have lived in. However, after the partition of India the Punjab was divided, cutting the Punjabi people in two across the international border between Pakistan and India. Relations after partition were unusually Luke-warm between the twins Punjabs. However, over the last 20 years both Punjab governments, in India and Pakistan, have made concerted effort to maintaining cultural and historical ties of the Punjabi people. This included the international Punjabi Games held in 2004, arranged by both Punjab Governments. Academic institutions have kept their strong contacts such as Universities that were spilt after partition, such as the twin Punjab Universities at Chandigarh and Lahore. This article is under construction. ... The Punjabi people (Punjabi: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ, پنجابی, also Panjabi people) are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group from South Asia. ... , Chandigarh   (Punjabi: , Hindi: , pronunciation: ) also called The City Beautiful , is a city in India that serves as the capital of two states: Punjab and Haryana. ...   (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. ...


Districts

Punjab state is divided into 20 administrative districts (listed below):

  1. Amritsar District
  2. Barnala District
  3. Bathinda District
  4. Firozpur District
  5. Fatehgarh Sahib District
  6. Faridkot District
  7. Gurdaspur District
  8. Hoshiarpur District
  9. Jalandhar District
  10. Kapurthala District
  11. Ludhiana District
  12. Mansa District
  13. Moga District
  14. Mohali District
  15. Muktsar District
  16. Nawanshahr District
  17. Patiala District
  18. Rupnagar District
  19. Sangrur District
  20. Tarn Taran District

Amritsar District is one of 19 districts in the state of Punjab in North West India. ... Bathinda District is in Punjab, India. ... Ferozepur District is one of the twenty districts in the state of Punjab in North-West India. ... Fatehgarh Sahib district is one of the eighteen districts in the state of Punjab in North-West India. ... Faridkot district is one of the seventeen districts in the state of Punjab in North-West India. ... Gurdaspur District is a district in the state of Punjab, situated in the northwest part of India. ... Hoshiarpur District is a district of Punjab state in northern India. ... Jalandhar district is one of the twenty districts in the state of Punjab in North-West India. ... Kapurthala District is a district of Punjab state in northern India. ... Ludhiana District is one of the 19 districts in the state of Punjab in North-West India. ... Mansa District is situated in Punjab, India. ... Moga district is one of the nineteen districts in the state of Punjab in North-West India. ... Mohali district is one of the nineteen districts in the state of Punjab in North-West India. ... Muktsar district is one of the seventeen districts in the state of Punjab in North-West India. ... Nawan Shahr District is one of the districts in the state of Punjab in North-West India. ... Patiala is a district of Punjab, India. ... Rupnagar District, included in the Patiala Division of Punjab falls between north latitude 30°-32 and 31°-24 and east longitude 76°-18 and 76°-55. Rupnagar (formerly known as Ropar) town, the district headquarters is 42 Kms from Chandigarh, the state capital. ... Sangrur district is one of the seventeen districts in the state of Punjab in North-West India. ... Tarn Taran district is one of the districts in the state of Punjab in North-West India. ...

Politics

Traditonally the Akali Dal and the Congress have been the two parties that have been in power in the Punjab state of India. ... Punjab Government, of the Indian state of Punjab with its capital in Chandigarh is headed by Chief Minister Captain Amarinder Singh of Indian National Congress party. ...

History

Main article: History of Punjab
Main article: Punjab region

The Indian state of Punjab was created in 1947, when the Partition of India split the former Raj province of Punjab between India and Pakistan. The mostly Muslim western part of the province became Pakistan's Punjab Province; the mostly Sikh eastern part became India's Punjab state. Many Sikhs and Hindus lived in the west, and many Muslims lived in the east, and so the partition saw many people displaced and much intercommunal violence.[20] Several small Punjabi princely states, including Patiala, also became part of India. In 1950, two separate states were created; Punjab included of the former Raj province of Punjab, while the princely states were combined into a new state, the Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU). PEPSU consisted of the princely states of Patiala, Nabha, Jind, Kapurthala, Malerkotla, Faridkot and Kalsia. Himachal Pradesh was created as a union territory from several princely states and Kangra District. In 1956, PEPSU was merged into Punjab state, and several northern districts of Punjab in the Himalayas were added to Himachal Pradesh. // Introduction The first known use of the word Punjab is in the book Tarikh-e-Sher Shah (1580), which mentions the construction of a fort by Sher Khan of Punjab. The name is mentioned again in Ain-e-Akbari (part 1), written by Abul Fazal, who also mentions that the... This article is about the geographical region. ... This article is under construction. ... Anthem God Save The King-Emperor The British Indian Empire, 1909 Capital Calcutta (1858 - 1912) New Delhi (1912 - 1947) Language(s) Hindustani, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1858-1901 Victoria¹  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George VI Viceroy... This article is about the geographical region. ... A princely state or native state was a feudal monarchy in British India ruled by a hereditary ruler, who was nominally sovereign. ... , Patiala   (Punjabi: ਪਟਿਆਲਾ) is a city in the Punjab state of India. ... The Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU) was a former state of India. ... Nabha is a city in north-western India and lies to the south-east of the state of Punjab in Patiala District. ... , Jind (Hindi: जींद) is a town in Jind District, Haryana state, India. ... Kapurthala (Punjabi: ) is a city in Punjab state of India. ... Malerkotla is a town in the present-day Indian state of Punjab, which was the seat of the eponymous princely state during the British Raj. ... Faridkot (1981 pop. ... Kalsia was a princely state in east Punjab in India. ... A Union Territory is an administrative division of India. ... Kangra is a town in Kangra District of Himachal Pradesh state in northern India, and lends its name to the district of the same name. ... For the movie Himalaya, see Himalaya (film). ... , Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश, IPA:  ) is a state in the north-west of India. ...


The capital of the undivided Punjab province, Lahore, ended up in Pakistan after partition, so a new capital for Indian Punjab state was built at Chandigarh. On November 1, 1966, the mostly Hindu southeastern half of Punjab became a separate state, Haryana. Chandigarh was on the border between the two states, and became a separate union territory which serves as the capital of both Punjab and Haryana. Chandigarh was due to transfer to Punjab alone in 1986, but the transfer has been delayed pending an agreement on which parts of the Hindi speaking areas of Abohar and Fazilka, currently part of Firozpur District of Punjab, should be transferred to Haryana in exchange.   (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. ... A Union Territory is an administrative division of India. ... , Abohar (Hindi: अबोहर) is a city and a municipal council in Firozpur district in the state of Punjab, India, located on the Ganganagar–Delhi railway route, nearly 50 km from Ganganagar. ... , Fazilka is a city and a municipal council in Firozpur district in the state of Punjab, India. ... Ferozepur District is one of the twenty districts in the state of Punjab in North-West India. ...


During the 1970s, the Green Revolution brought increased economic prosperity for the Sikh community in Punjab. However, a growing polarisation between the Indian National Congress led Indian government and the main political party of the Sikhs, the Shiromani Akali Dal, began to widen during the 1970s. The hostility and bitterness arose from what was widely seen by the Sikhs as increasing alienation, centralization and discriminatory attitudes towards Punjab by the Government of India. This prompted the Shiromani Akali Dal to unanimously pass the Anandpur Sahib Resolution which among other things called for granting maximum autonomy for the Punjab and other states and limiting the role and powers of the Central Government. The Anandpur Sahib Resolution was rejected and erroneously dubbed as being of a hidden separatist agenda by India's Congress Party, specifically to discredit the resolution. The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... The Green Revolution was the worldwide transformation of agriculture that led to significant increases in agricultural production between the 1940s and 1960s. ... This article treats polarization in electrodynamics. ... Indian National Congress, Congress-I (also known as the Congress Party and abbreviated INC) is a major political party in India. ... Akali Dal, also termed as Shiromani Akali Dal (Akali Religious Party), is a Sikh political party mainly based in Punjab, India. ... The Anandpur Resolution or Anandpur Sahib Resolution was a political statement made by a Sikh political party, the Shiromani Akali Dal in 1973. ...


Discord had been developing after the rejection of the Anandpur Sahib Resolution. A small section of Sikhs demanded an independent state of Khalistan. A number of militants took to targeting officials and people opposed to their point of view which included a number of Sikhs. Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale along with his supporters sought shelter inside the Akal Takht. Fearing an attack on the Harimandir Sahib, Bhindranwale, with help from Shabeg Singh heavily fortified the temple. The Indian army finally assaulted the Golden Temple to flush out armed militants in June, 1984. However, the operation, Operation Bluestar was poorly planned and coordinated, leading to heavy military and civilian casualties. Anthem: Deh Shiva Bar Mohe Official languages Punjabi and English Khālistān (East Punjabi: ), official title Sikh Republic of Khalistan, was the name given by Jagjit Singh Chauhan, to a proposed nation-state based on theocratic fundamentalism. ... Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale or Jarnail Singh (Brar) (Punjabi: ; February 12, 1947–June 6, 1984) was the leader of the Damdami Taksal, a Sikh religious group based in India[2], who supported the creation of the proposed Sikhism-based theocratic state of Khalistan. ... The Akal Takht (Punjabi: , ) is the second holiest shrine of the Sikhs. ... For the Golden Pavilion Temple in Kyoto, Japan click here. ... General Shabeg Singh (1952–1984), was an Indian Army general. ... For the Golden Pavilion Temple in Kyoto, Japan, see Kinkaku-ji. ... The Operation Blue Star (also known as the Golden Temple Massacre) (June 4 to June 6, 1984) was the Indian military raid of the Golden Temple in Amritsar, Punjab, the holiest temple of the Sikh religion. ...


As a result, the situation in Punjab deteriorated further and there was a rise in militancy. By the early 1990's, after many years of violence across Punjab, the militants' struggle for Khalistan had lost much of the sympathy given after the assault on the sacred Golden Temple, it had previously had from some Punjabi Sikhs and what little armed resistance remained was eliminated and forced underground. In the following years there was concern over alleged human rights abuses conducted by the central and state government against Sikhs, and many human rights organisations were not allowed in the Punjab at the time.[21] The Golden Temple Harmandir Sahib (also Hari Mandir, Harimandar and other variants) (Punjabi: ਹਰਿਮੰਦਰ ਸਾਹਿਬ) is the most sacred gurdwara in all of Sikhism, located in Amritsar, Punjab, India. ...


The Indian BJP have stated several times that the Congress Party governments have been involved in creating terrorism in the Punjab. The policy to help the Congress Party by creating militants and moderates backfired resulting in the deaths of thousands of innocent people [22]. BJP could mean one of Indias largest political parties, the Bharatiya Janata Party British Journal of Photography British Journal of Psychiatry British Journal of Pharmocology This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Indian National Congress (also known as the Congress Party) is the largest subscription-based organisation in the world. ...


Punjab's economy was acutely affected in the 1980s and early 1990s. However in recent times, there have been serious attempts by the Central Government to diminish resentment and strong feelings of Punjabis over the issue. Punjab's economy is now on the path to recovery. However, corruption and violence continues to hamper the state.


Photo gallery of Punjab State

References

  1. ^ Indus Valley Civilization
  2. ^ http://punjabgovt.nic.in/ECONOMY/Transport.htm
  3. ^ http://www.hindustantimes.com/StoryPage/StoryPage.aspx?id=765c7761-40d4-4355-8198-68a607038e35&&Headline=Punjab+is+the+'best'+state!
  4. ^ India census data
  5. ^ Census of India, 2001
  6. ^ Census of India, 2001
  7. ^ Census of India, 2001
  8. ^ Census of India, 2001
  9. ^ Census of India, 2001
  10. ^ Census of India, 2001
  11. ^ Census of India, 2001
  12. ^ Census of India, 2001
  13. ^ Higher Education. Retrieved on 2006-09-16.
  14. ^ Finally, Punjab gets its first veterinary university. Official web site of Punjab, India (2006-06-02). Retrieved on 2006-09-20.
  15. ^ Welcome to Official Web site of Punjab, India
  16. ^ Welcome to Official Web site of Punjab, India
  17. ^ Welcome to Official Web site of Punjab, India
  18. ^ Welcome to Official Web site of Punjab, India
  19. ^ Welcome to Official Web site of Punjab, India
  20. ^ article=discoverindia_places_punjab Punjab - State. 4to40.com. Retrieved on 2006-10-14.
  21. ^ See Amnesty Reports such as http://www.amnestyusa.org/document.php?id=8D63FE02A44B98C8802569A600600B91&lang=e and http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/ASA20/031/2005
  22. ^ [1] BJP accuses Congress of Terrorism

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 153rd day of the year (154th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

The Punjabi people (Punjabi: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ, پنجابی, also Panjabi people) are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group from South Asia. ... Taxila is a World Heritage Site Punjabi Culture is the culture of the Punjab region. ... Sikhism (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ), founded on the teachings of Guru Nanak Dev and nine successive gurus in fifteenth century Northern India, is the fifth-largest religion in the world. ... A Sikh man wearing a turban The adherents of Sikhism are called Sikhs. ... The first known use of the word Punjab is in the book Tarikh-e-Sher Shah (1580), which mentions the construction of a fort by Sher Khan of Punjab. The name is mentioned again in Ain-e-Akbari (part 1), written by Abul Fazal, who also mentions that the territory... This article is about the geographical region. ... This article is about the Pakistani province. ...

External links

India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ... Andhra redirects here. ... , Arunachal Pradesh   (Hindi:   ) is the easternmost state of India. ... , Assam (  ) (Assamese: অসম Ôxôm) is a north eastern state of India with its capital at Dispur, a suburb of the city Guwahati. ... For other uses, see Bihar (disambiguation). ... , Chhattisgarh (Chhattisgarhi/Hindi: छत्तीसगढ़, IPA: )  , a state in central India, formed when the sixteen Chhattisgarhi-speaking southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh gained statehood on November 1, 2000. ... For other uses, see Goa (disambiguation). ... This article is for the Indian state. ... For the town in Hoshiarpur district, see Hariana. ... , Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश, IPA:  ) is a state in the north-west of India. ... This article is about the area administered by India. ... , Jharkhand   (Hindi: झारखंड, Bengali: ঝাড়খণ্ড,IPA: ) is a state in eastern India. ... This article is about the Indian region. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... , Madhya Pradesh (abbreviated as MP)   (HindÄ«: मध्य प्रदेश, English: , IPA: ), often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... , Manipur   (Bengali: মনিপুর, Meitei Mayek: mnipur) is a state in northeastern India making its capital in the city of Imphal. ... , Meghalaya   is a small state in north-eastern India. ... , Mizoram   is one of the Seven Sister States in northeastern India on the border with Myanmar. ... , Nagaland   is a hill state located in the far north-eastern part of India. ... , Orissa   (Oriya: ଓଡ଼ିଶା), is a state situated on the east coast of India. ... , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ... , Sikkim (Nepali:  , also Sikhim) is a landlocked Indian state nestled in the Himalayas. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... Tripura   (Bengali: ত্রিপুরা, Hindi: त्रिपुरा) is a state in North East India. ... , Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: , IPA:  , translation: Northern Province), [often referred to as U.P.], located in central-south Asia and northern India, is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Republic of India. ... , Uttarakhand (Hindi: उत्तराखंड), known as Uttaranchal from 2000 to 2006, became the 27th state of the Republic of India on November 9, 2000. ... , West Bengal (Bengali: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ Poshchimbôŋgo) is a state in eastern India. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Andaman Islands. ... , Chandigarh   (Punjabi: , Hindi: , pronunciation: ) also called The City Beautiful , is a city in India that serves as the capital of two states: Punjab and Haryana. ... Dadra and Nagar Haveli (Gujarati: દાદરા અને નગર હવેલી, Hindi: दादरा और नगर हवेली, Urdu: دادرہ اور نگر حویلی, Portuguese: Dadrá e Nagar-Aveli) is a Union Territory in western India. ... , For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Daman and Diu (Portuguese: Gujarati is the main language; use of Portuguese is declining because it is not official or taught at school (but still spoken by 10% in Daman). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the Union Territory. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Punjab (India) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2086 words)
Punjab (India) borders Punjab (Pakistan) to the west, Jammu and Kashmir to the north, Himachal Pradesh to the northeast, Haryana to the south and southeast, Chandigarh to the southeast and Rajasthan to the southwest.
Punjab (India) historically forms a part of the larger Punjab region, which also includes the province of Punjab (Pakistan), the Indian states of Haryana and Himachal Pradesh and Delhi and the Union Territory of Chandigarh.
Punjab has the best infrastructure in all of India and as result it is becoming enormously attractive to foreign companies looking for bases and manufacturing zones for their Indian operations.
India Information >> Punjab (901 words)
Punjab, northwestern India, is bounded on the west by Pakistan, on the north by Jammu and Kashmir, on the north east by Himachal Pradesh and on the south by Haryana and Rajasthan.
Punjab is one of the smallest states of India representing 1.6 per cent of its geographical area and 2.6 per cent of it's cropped area.
Punjab's contribution is highest in the procurement of food grains for the central pool.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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