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Encyclopedia > Puncak Jaya
Puncak Jaya

The Puncak Jaya area in mid 2005, with the Grasberg (Freeport) copper mine pit in the foreground and remnants of the glaciers behind. The summit is at the far end of the central rib.
Elevation 4,884 metres (16,023 feet)[1]
Location Papua Province, Indonesia
Range Sudirman Range
Prominence 4,884 m (highest point on New Guinea) Ranked 9th
Coordinates 4°5′S 137°11′ECoordinates: 4°5′S 137°11′E
First ascent 1962 by Heinrich Harrer and 3 others
Easiest route rock/snow/ice climb

Puncak Jaya (IPA: '/pʊn.tʃæk 'dʒaɪ.ɔ/), sometimes called Mount Carstensz or the Carstensz Pyramid, is the highest mountain on the island of New Guinea, on the Australia-New Guinea continent and in Oceania. It is the highest point between the Himalaya and the Andes and the highest island peak in the world. The peak is located in what is variously called the Sudirman Range or the Dugunduguoo, in the western central highlands of Papua, the Indonesian western half of the island, and is the highest peak in the country. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x764, 107 KB) Summary Puncak Jaya, West Papua, Indonesia. ... The Grasberg mine is the largest gold mine in the world and the third largest copper mine in the world. ... Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc. ... A topographical summit is a point on a surface which is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. ... Papua is a province of Indonesia comprising a majority part of the western half of the island of New Guinea and nearby islands (see also Western New Guinea). ... The Himalaya as seen from the International Space Station A mountain range is a group of mountains bordered by lowlands or separated from other mountain ranges by passes or rivers. ... Sudirman Range is a mountain range in the Province of Papua, Indonesia at . ... In topography, prominence, also known as autonomous height, relative height or shoulder drop (in America) or prime factor (in Europe), is a concept used in the categorization of hills and mountains, also known as peaks. ... This is a list of peaks by prominence; that is, a list of mountains on Earth ordered by their topographic prominence. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... In climbing, a first ascent (FA) is the first climb to reach the top of a mountain, or the first to follow a particular climbing route. ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... Heinrich Harrer Heinrich Harrer (July 6, 1912 – January 7, 2006) was an Austrian mountaineer, sportsman, geographer and author. ... Southern and northern Mount Everest climbing routes as seen from the International Space Station. ... For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words see here. ... Extremes on Land See also List of mountains. ... Lyskamm in the Pennine Alps (4,527 m) A mountain is a landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. ... Australia-New Guinea, also called Sahul or Meganesia, is made up of the continent of Australia and the islands of New Guinea and Tasmania. ... Color-coded regions of the world based on the seven commonly-recognised continents Dymaxion map by Buckminster Fuller shows land masses with minimal distortion as nearly one continuous continent A continent is one of several large landmasses on Earth. ... For the fictional superstate in George Orwells novel, see Oceania (Nineteen Eighty-Four). ... Perspective view of the Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ... The Andes form the longest mountain chain in the world. ... Sudirman Range is a mountain range in the Province of Papua, Indonesia at . ... Papua is a province of Indonesia comprising a majority part of the western half of the island of New Guinea and nearby islands (see also Western New Guinea). ...

Contents

History

Puncak Jaya was originally called 'Carstensz Pyramid', after Dutch explorer Jan Carstensz who first sighted the glaciers on the peak of the mountain on a rare clear day in 1623 (Carstensz was ridiculed in Europe when he said he had seen snow near the equator).[citation needed] This name is still used among mountaineers.[citation needed] Although the snowfield of Puncak Jaya was reached as early as 1909 by a Dutch explorer, Hendrik A. Lorentz, the peak was not climbed until 1962, by an expedition led by the Austrian mountaineer Heinrich Harrer (of Seven Years in Tibet fame) with three friends — Temple, Kippax and Huizenga. This list of explorers is sorted by surname. ... Jan Carstenszoon (also known by the abbreviation of his patronym Carstensz or Carstensz. ... Mountaineering is the sport, hobby or profession of walking, hiking and climbing up mountains. ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... Heinrich Harrer Heinrich Harrer (July 6, 1912 – January 7, 2006) was an Austrian mountaineer, sportsman, geographer and author. ... Seven Years in Tibet is an adventure story written by Austrian mountaineer Heinrich Harrer based on his real life experiences in Tibet between 1944 and 1951 during the onset of the Second World War and the Chinese Peoples Liberation Army Invasion. ...


When Indonesia took control of the province in the 1960s, the peak was renamed 'Puntjak Soekarno' (Simplified Indonesian: Puncak Sukarno) or Sukarno Peak, after the first President of Indonesia, later this was changed to Puncak Jaya. Puncak means peak or mountain and Jaya means 'victory', 'victorious' or 'glorious'). Conflict between the Indonesian military and local population has been ongoing since the 1960s.[citation needed] Sukarno Sukarno (June 6, 1901 - June 21, 1970) was the first President of Indonesia. ... List of Presidents of Indonesia Categories: Indonesia | Lists of office-holders ... Indonesias armed forces (Indonesian: Tentara Nasional Indonesia, abbreviated as TNI, formerly Angkatan Bersenjata Republik Indonesia, abbreviated as ABRI) total about 1,602,000 members, including the Army (TNI-AD), Navy(including marines), and Air Force. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ...


Access

Due to the deteriorating political situation, the Indonesian government closed off the mountain to public access in November 1995.[citation needed] Access now requires a government permit. At the present time access is possible [2]. 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Glaciers

Puncak Jaya icecap 1936, see also 1972
Puncak Jaya icecap 1936, see also 1972
2003 Landsat image of Puncak Jaya and surroundings; also animation.
2003 Landsat image of Puncak Jaya and surroundings; also animation.

While Puncak Jaya’s peak is free of ice, there are several glaciers on its slopes, including the Carstensz Glacier, the Meren Glacier (gone by 2000), and the Northwall Firn. Being equatorial, there is little variation in the mean temperature during the year (around 0.5°C) and the glaciers fluctuate on a seasonal basis only slightly. However, analysis of the extent of these rare equatorial glaciers from historical records show significant retreat since the 1850s, indicating a regional warming of around 0.6° C per century between 1850 and 1972. Image File history File links Puncak_Jaya_icecap_1936. ... Image File history File links Puncak_Jaya_icecap_1936. ... Image File history File links Puncak_Jaya_Landsat. ... Image File history File links Puncak_Jaya_Landsat. ... The Landsat program is the longest running enterprise for acqusition of imagery of Earth from space. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (992x654, 929 KB) Summary Puncak Jaya, West Papua, Indonesia. ... A glacier is a large, long-lasting river of ice that is formed on land and moves in response to gravity and undergoes internal deformation. ... Firn is partially-compacted névé, a type of snow that has been left over from past seasons and has been recrystallized into a substance denser than névé. It is ice that is at an intermediate stage between snow and glacial ice. ...


The glacier on Puncak Trikora in the Pegunungan Maoke disappeared completely some time between 1939 and 1962[3]. Since the 1970s, evidence from satellite imagery indicates the Puncak Jaya glaciers have been retreating rapidly. The Meren Glacier melted away sometime between 1994 and 2000[4]. Puncak Trikora is a mountain in the Papua province of Indonesia and is part of the Jayawijaya Mountains in the Maoke Range. ... Pegunungan Maoke, also known as central range, is a mountain range in Indonesia. ...


Climbing

Puncak Jaya is one of the more demanding of the two principal Seven Summits peak-bagging lists. It is held to have the highest technical rating, though not the greatest physical demands of that list's ascents. The standard route is up the north face and along the summit ridge, which is all hard rock surface. Despite the large mine, the area is highly inaccessible to hikers and the general public, requiring a 100-km hike from the nearest town with an airport, Timika, to the base camp, which usually takes about four or five days each way.[citation needed] The Seven Summits are the highest mountains of each of the seven continents. ... Peak bagging (also hill bagging, mountain bagging, or among enthusiasts, just bagging) is a popular activity for hillwalkers and mountaineers in which they attempt to reach the summit of each peak in a region above some height, or having a particular feature. ...


External links

References

Indonesia Portal
  1. ^ The elevation is sometimes given as 5,030 m, but modern high resolution radar data shows that the 4,884 m elevation accepted by the Seven Summits authorities is more accurate
  2. ^ Seven Summits Page. Retrieved on 2006-07-07.
  3. ^ Ian Allison and James A. Peterson. Glaciers of Irian Jaya, Indonesia and New Zealand. U.S. Geological Survey, U.S.Department of the Interior. Retrieved on April 28, 2000.
  4. ^ Joni L. Kincaid and Andrew G. Klein. Retreat of the Irian Jaya Glaciers from 2000 to 2002 as Measured from IKONOS Satellite Images (pdf). 61st Eastern Snow Conference Portland, Maine, USA 2004. Retrieved on 2004.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Puncak Jaya - MSN Encarta (196 words)
Puncak Jaya (pronounced [ˈpʊntʃak ˈdʒaja]), sometimes called Mount Carstensz or the Carstensz Pyramid, is a mountain in the Sudirman Range, the western central highlands of...
Puncak Jaya, highest mountain in Indonesia, in the province of Papua (formerly Irian Jaya), which lies on the western half of the island of New Guinea.
Puncak Jaya means “Great Peak.” Puncak Jaya sits at the western end of the Sudirman Mountains, a division of the main Maoke Mountains.
Puncak Jaya - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (640 words)
Puncak Jaya, sometimes called Carstensz Pyramid, is the highest mountain in Oceania, the highest point between the Himalayas and the Andes.
Puncak Jaya was originally called Carstensz Pyramid, after Dutch explorer Jan Carstensz who first sighted the glaciers on the peak of the mountain on a rare clear day in 1623 (Carstensz was ridiculed in Europe when he said he had seen snow near the equator).
Although the snowfield of Puncak Jaya was reached as early as 1909 by a Dutch explorer, Hendrik A. Lorentz, the peak was not climbed until 1962, by an expedition led by the Austrian mountaineer Heinrich Harrer (of Seven Years in Tibet fame) with three friends — Temple, Kippax and Huizenga.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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