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A pun (also known as paronomasia) is a figure of speech, or word play which consists of a deliberate confusion of similar words within a phrase or phrases for rhetorical effect, whether humorous or serious. A pun can rely on the assumed equivalency of multiple similar words (homonymy), of different shades of meaning of one word (polysemy), or of a literal meaning with a metaphor. Pun may refer to: Pun, a figure of speech that plays on words that are similar to each other Pun (surname) (also spelled Poon), a Chinese surname a tool used to tamp down clay: see puddling (engineering) Category: ... A figure of speech, sometimes termed a rhetorical figure or device, or elocution, is a word or phrase that departs from straightforward, literal language. ... This article is about Word play. ... For other uses, see Word (disambiguation). ... Look up phrase in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Rhetoric (from Greek , rhêtôr, orator, teacher) is generally understood to be the art or technique of persuasion through the use of spoken language; however, this definition of rhetoric has expanded greatly since rhetoric emerged as a field of study in universities. ... Look up homonym in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Polysemy (from the Greek πολυσημεία = multiple meaning) is the capacity for a sign to have multiple meanings. ... This article is about metaphor in literature and rhetoric. ...


Walter Redfern (in Puns, Blackwell, London, 1984) succinctly said: "To pun is to treat homonyms as synonyms." For example, a pun is used in the sentence "There is nothing punny about bad puns." The pun takes place in the deliberate confusion of the implied word "funny" by the substitution of the word "punny", a heterophone of "funny". This article is about the year. ... Look up homonym in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Synonyms (in ancient Greek, συν (syn) = plus and όνομα (onoma) = name) are different words with similar or identical meanings. ... Look up heterophone in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


A pun using heterophones, words with similar but inexact sounds, is called an imperfect pun. When a character or person does this unintentionally it is called a malapropism. An example of this is saying "the world is perspiring against me," as opposed to "the world is conspiring against me." Look up heterophone in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article or section seems to contain too many examples (or examples of poor quality) for an encyclopedia entry. ...


In order to be able to pun effectively it is necessary that a language must include homonyms which may readily be misrepresented as synonyms. Languages with complex gender or case structures tend not to facilitate this, although puns can be constructed in all languages with varying degrees of difficulty; that is, puns are said to be easy to construct in languages such as Chinese or English, but rarer in Russian.

Contents

Etymology

The word pun itself is thought to be originally a contraction of the (now archaic) pundigrion. This latter term is thought to have originated from punctilious, which itself derived from the Italian puntiglio (originally meaning "a fine point"), diminutive of punto, "point", from the Latin punctus, past participle of pungere, "to prick." These etymological sources are reported in the Oxford English Dictionary, which labels them "conjecture." (There is no creditable documentation for the notion that the word is a backronym for "play upon names"[1][citation needed].) The Oxford English Dictionary print set The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is a dictionary published by the Oxford University Press (OUP), and is the most successful dictionary of the English language, (not to be confused with the one-volume Oxford Dictionary of English, formerly New Oxford Dictionary of English, of... A backronym (or bacronym) is a phrase that is constructed after the fact from a previously existing abbreviation, the abbreviation being an initialism or an acronym. ...


Perhaps the oldest puns are those used by the culture of the Hebrews and Jews, some found in the Bible and some still in modern use as insults or to ridicule to those seen as enemy to the tribe or religion. For example see Yeshu. Puns on the names of pharaohs of Egypt such as during the reign of Solomon, have been shown to provide dates of pharaoh reign or a time line to the stories[citation needed]. This article is about references to the name Yeshu in classical Jewish rabbinic literature. ...


Typology

Puns can be subdivided into several varieties:

  • Homographic puns exploit the difference in meanings of words which look alike, or a word which has two or more meanings.
    For example: "Being in politics is just like playing golf: you are trapped in one bad lie after another." (Pun on the two meanings of lie - "a deliberate untruth"/"the position in which something rests").
  • Homographic puns which exploit the difference in meanings of words which look alike but have different pronunciations are technically Heteronymic, though this distinction is disused.
    For example: "Q: What instrument do fish like to play? A: A bass guitar." (Pun on the identical spelling of /beɪs/ (low frequency), and /bæs/ (a kind of fish)).

Homographic puns are sometimes compared to the stylistic device antanaclasis; homophonic puns, to polyptoton; but they are not identical. Look up homograph in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Politics is the process by which groups of people make decisions. ... This article is about the sport. ... In linguistics, heteronyms (also known as heterophones) are words with identical spellings but different pronunciations and meanings. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Figure of speech. ... Antanaclasis is a stylistic trope, in which a single word is repeated, but with a different meaning each time. ... In music, the word texture is often used in a rather vague way in reference to the overall sound of a piece of music. ... Polyptoton is a stylistic scheme, in which words derived from the same root are repeated (e. ...


The compound pun is one in which multiple puns are colocated for additional and amplified effect. Examples of this are the following:

Cornell linguist Charles Hockett told a story of a man who bought a cattle ranch for his sons and named it the "Focus Ranch" because it was where the sons raise meat (sun's rays meet).
A sign in a golf-cart shop reads "When drinking, don't drive. Don't even putt." (The puns are on "driving" and "putting" a golf ball, vs. "driving" a car or "putting" around in a golf cart.)
The last exchange of a knock knock joke runs: Q: "Eskimo Christians Italian who?" A: "Eskimo Christians Italian no lies." (The pun, involving an indeterminate number of sub-puns, is on the phrase "Ask me no questions, I'll tell you no lies".)

Extended puns occur when multiple puns referring to one general idea are used throughout a longer utterance. An example of this is the following story about a fight, with extended puns about cookery: The knock-knock joke is a type of joke, probably the best known format of the pun, and is a time-honoured call and answer exercise. ...

A fight broke out in a kitchen. Egged on by the waiters, two cooks peppered each other with punches. One man, a greasy foie gras specialist, ducked the first blows, but his goose was cooked when the other cold-cocked him. The man who beet him, a weedy salad expert with big cauliflower ears, tried to flee the scene, but was cornered in the maize of tables by a husky off-duty cob. He was charged with a salt and battery. He claims to look forward to the suit, as he's always wanted to be a sous-chef.

Or this one about various lower life forms:

I moss say I'm taking a lichen to that fun-gi, even though his jokes are in spore taste. Algae the first to say that they mushroom out of control.

Usage

Humor is the most common intent of puns in recent times. It is a form particularly admired in Britain, and forms a core element of the British cult comedy show I'm Sorry, I Haven't A Clue and in times past My Word. The late Richard Whiteley was famed for his dextrous use of puns as host of the UK words and numbers game show Countdown. Image File history File links Gnome-globe. ... Look up Humour in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Im Sorry I Havent A Clue, often abbreviated to the initialism ISIHAC, is a radio comedy programme which has been broadcast several times annually on BBC Radio 4 from April 11, 1972 to the present. ... My Word! was a radio panel show which premiered on the BBC Home Service on January 1, 1957. ... John Richard Whiteley, OBE, DL (28 December 1943 – 26 June 2005) was an English television presenter and journalist. ... Countdown is a British game show presented by Des OConnor and Carol Vorderman. ...


While generally eschewed in more formal settings, puns of greater or lesser subtlety are employed to good effect by many popular artists and writers. For example, names based on puns (such as calling a character who is always almost late Justin Thyme) can be found in Piers Anthony's Xanth novels, The Eyre Affair, Asterix, Hamlet, The Simpsons, the Carmen Sandiego computer games, and many works of Spider Robinson, including the Callahan's Crosstime Saloon series. This is known as a gag name. Piers Anthony Dillingham Jacob (born August 6, 1934 in Oxford, England) is a writer in the science fiction and fantasy genres, publishing under the name Piers Anthony. ... Xanth is a fantasy world created by author Piers Anthony for a series of novels. ... The Eyre Affair, published in 2001, is the first novel published by Jasper Fforde. ... For other uses, see Asterix (disambiguation). ... Hamlet and Horatio in the cemetery by Eugène Delacroix For other uses, see Hamlet (disambiguation). ... Simpsons redirects here. ... A former logo of the Carmen Sandiego series used in the 1990s. ... A computer game is a game composed of a computer-controlled virtual universe that players interact with in order to achieve a defined goal or set of goals. ... Spider Robinson (born November 24, 1948 in New York City) is a Canadian science fiction writer. ... In the fictional universe of Spider Robinson, Callahans Place is a bar with strongly community-minded and empathic clientele. ... It has been suggested that Mike Hunt be merged into this article or section. ...


In music, puns often find their way into hip hop/rap music as clever delivery of punchlines. For example, those who diss rapper 50 Cent often use a play of words on his stage name. Chino XL is often regarded as an expert when it comes to delivering such puns, often in an aphoristic manner: ". . . My dreams--I still leave none (nun) dead like Mother Theresa / Trekked to be a star (Star Trek), show no emotion like data. . . " Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... Clever is an Australian television series hosted by Georgie Parker. ... For the phase, see Punch line Punchline is a North American punk rock band from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Rapping is one of the elements of hip hop and the distinguishing feature of hip hop music; it is a form of rhyming lyrics spoken rhythmically over musical instruments, with a musical backdrop of sampling, scratching and mixing by DJs. ... For the currency amount, see 50 cents. ... A stage name, also called a screen name, is a pseudonym used by performers and entertainers such as actors, comedians, musicians, djs, clowns, and professional wrestlers. ... Chino XL (born Derek Keith Barbosa, April 8, 1971, in The Bronx, New York) is a New Jersey rapper well respected among hip-hop enthusiasts for his technically accomplished style and battling abilities. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Literary puns

In addition to works of popular culture, puns are also found in serious literature. See Alexander Pope, James Joyce, Vladimir Nabokov, Robert Bloch, and others discussed under word play. In the past, the serious pun was an important and standard rhetorical or poetic device, as in Shakespeare's Richard III: This article does not cite any references or sources. ... James Augustine Aloysius Joyce (Irish Séamus Seoighe; 2 February 1882 – 13 January 1941) was an Irish expatriate writer, widely considered to be one of the most influential writers of the 20th century. ... Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov (Russian: Влади́мир Влади́мирович Набо́ков, pronounced ) (April 22 [O.S. April 10] 1899, Saint Petersburg – July 2, 1977, Montreux) was a Russian-American, Academy Award nominated author. ... Robert Albert Bloch (April 5, 1917, Chicago-September 23, 1994, Los Angeles) was a prolific American writer. ... This article is about Word play. ... Shakespeare redirects here. ... Frontispage of the First Quarto Richard The Third. ...

"Now is the winter of our discontent made glorious summer by this son of York"
(pun on homophony of son and sun)

(Shakespeare was also noted for his frequent play with less serious puns, the "quibbles" of the sort that made Samuel Johnson complain, "A quibble is to Shakespeare what luminous vapours are to the traveller! he follows it to all adventures; it is sure to lead him out of his way, sure to engulf him in the mire. It has some malignant power over his mind, and its fascinations are irresistible."[2]) For other persons named Samuel Johnson, see Samuel Johnson (disambiguation). ...


John Donne is another who used serious puns in his work. For instance, he puns repeatedly on his own name (which is pronounced "Dun") in his poem "A Hymn to God the Father." Twice after imploring God to forgive certain kinds of sins and weaknesses, he ends a stanza by saying For the Welsh courtier and diplomat, see Sir John Donne. ...

"When Thou hast done, Thou hast not done/

Additionally, John Donne was married to Anne More:

"For I have more."

One interpretation could be that Donne is saying, "God, when you have forgiven me this much, you are not done (finished)/you do not have John Donne (safe yet), for I have more sins to confess." In the third stanza, having received assurance, counteracting his fears,

"that at my death Thy Son
"Shall shine as he shines now, and heretofore"

(another Son/sun pun), he ends the poem

"And having done that, Thou hast done;
I fear no more."

A biblical pun of serious intent is found in Matthew 16.18: This Gutenberg Bible is displayed by the United States Library. ... The Gospel of Matthew (literally, according to Matthew; Greek, Κατά Μαθθαίον or Κατά Ματθαίον, Kata Maththaion or Kata Matthaion) is a synoptic gospel in the New Testament, one of four canonical gospels. ...

"Thou art Peter" [Greek Πετρος, Petros], and upon this rock [Greek πετρα, petra] I will build my church."
(pun on the double meaning of petros/Petros: in the first part of the sentence the word appears to stand for a personal name, but in the second, petra ("rock") makes the listener reevaluate the first petros as its second meaning, "stone").

European heraldry contains the technique of canting arms, that can be considered punning. Visual puns, in which the image is at odds with the inscription, are also common in Dutch gable stones as well as in cartoons such as Lost Consonants or The Far Side. Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. ... Queen Mothers funerary hatchment, showing the canting bows and lions of Bowes-Lyon Canting arms is a technique used in European heraldry whereby the name of the individual or community represented in a coat of arms is translated into a visual pun. ... This article is about comedic slapstick. ... Gable stones (Dutch [gevelstenen] are carved and often colourfully painted stone tablets, which are set into the walls of buildings, usually at about 4 metres from the ground. ... For the band, see Cartoons (band). ... This article is about the comic strip. ...


Official puns

Official puns are rare, but there are a few, some of them intentional:

  • K-9, pronounced "canine", for war dogs or police dogs follows the military pattern of designations, such as G-2.
  • The U.S. 4th Infantry Division patch has four ivy leaves on it, from the Roman numeral for 4, IV. (This may be an example of canting arms; see above.) The German Flakgruppe Wachtel suggested as an emblem "W/8", achtel being German for "eighth".
  • Ru-21 for the Russian chemical that allegedly allowed KGB agents to drink extreme amounts of alcohol without having a hangover. This spells the question "Are you twenty-one?", which is the question one could get when trying to buy alcohol in the United States
  • "Thanks for the brake" on the back of buses in certain cities in British Columbia (Such as Victoria, British Columbia and Nanaimo), thanking the other motorists for allowing the stopped bus to reenter traffic flow as well as physically slowing down to permit this.
  • The sensitive exposed nerve called the funny bone is located where the humerus joins the ulna at the elbow. The funny bone was more often called the crazy bone before the similarity between the words "humerus" and "humorous" was noticed.[3]

Belgian Malinois as K-9 unit A police dog is a dog that is trained specifically to assist police and similar law-enforcement personnel with their work. ... A canine may refer to: a canine tooth. ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wiktionary. ... It has been suggested that U.S. 1st Brigade 4th Infantry Division be merged into this article or section. ... Species Hedera algeriensis – Algerian Ivy Hedera azorica – Azores Ivy Hedera canariensis – Canaries Ivy Hedera caucasigena Hedera colchica – Caucasian Ivy Hedera cypria Hedera helix – Common Ivy Hedera hibernica – Irish Ivy Hedera maderensis – Madeiran Ivy Hedera maroccana Hedera nepalensis – Himalayan Ivy Hedera pastuchowii – Pastuchovs Ivy Hedera rhombea – Japanese Ivy Hedera sinensis... The system of Roman numerals is a numeral system originating in ancient Rome, and was adapted from Etruscan numerals. ... Antipokhmelin is a Russian tablet that helps to prevent or overcome the negative effects of alcohol consumption and hangover. ... This article is about the KGB of the Soviet Union. ... A hangover (veisalgia) describes the sum of unpleasant physiological effects following heavy consumption of drugs and liquor, particularly alcoholic beverages. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour Without Sunset (diminishment)) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo - Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 36 - Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th - Total 944,735... Location of Victoria within the Capital Regional District in British Columbia, Canada Country Canada Province British Columbia Regional District Capital Incorporated 1862[1] Government  - Mayor Alan Lowe (past mayors)  - Governing body Victoria City Council  - MP Denise Savoie  - MLAs Carole James, Rob Fleming Area [2]  - City 19. ... Nanaimo (2004 pop. ... A BONE. SEE HUMORous. ... The humerus is a long bone in the arm or fore-legs (animals) that runs from the shoulder to the elbow. ... The ulna (Elbow Bone) [Figs. ...

Formats for punning

There are numerous pun formats:

Tom Swiftys are a type of pun or word play named after the Tom Swift American adventure novels. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article or section seems to contain too many examples (or of a poor quality) for an encyclopedia entry. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Look up Daffynition in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A transpositional pun is a complicated pun format with two aspects. ... This photograph is likely to make any French speaker able to read Greek laugh to tears: the big blue letters read PTI MPER, which is pronounced PTI BER. This is a phonetic transcription of the French petit beurre (often pronounced ptit beurre, literally small butter). A bilingual pun is... This article or section seems to contain too many examples (or examples of poor quality) for an encyclopedia entry. ...

Science

The term punning is sometimes used to describe either unintentional muddled thinking or intentional deception where the same word (such as a homographic pun) is used with two subtly different meanings. For example, in statistics the word significant is usually assumed to be a shortened form of "statistically significant", with the associated precisely defined meaning. It is punning to use significant with the meaning "of practical significance" in contexts where "statistically significant" would be plausible interpretation. In statistics, a result is significant if it is unlikely to have occurred by chance, given that a presumed null hypothesis is true, but is not improbable if the null hypothesis is false. ...


Computer science

Main article: Type punning

A programming technique that subverts or circumvents the type system of a programming language in order to achieve an effect that would be difficult or impossible to achieve within the bounds of the formal language is commonly known as "type punning" in computer science. In computer science, type punning is a common term for any programming technique that subverts or circumvents the type system of a programming language in order to achieve an effect that would be difficult or impossible to achieve within the bounds of the formal language. ... In computer science, a type system defines how a programming language classifies values and expressions into types, how it can manipulate those types and how they interact. ... A programming language is an artificial language that can be used to control the behavior of a machine, particularly a computer. ... Computer science, or computing science, is the study of the theoretical foundations of information and computation and their implementation and application in computer systems. ...


Quotations

  • "The pun is mightier than the sword." — original source unknown
  • "As different as York from Leeds" — James Joyce in Finnegans Wake, a play on "As different as chalk from cheese".
  • "Blunt and I made atrocious puns. I believe, indeed, that Miss Blunt herself made a little punkin, as I called it" —Henry James
  • "Pun (n.): the lowest form of humour" —Samuel Johnson, lexicographer
    • "Puns are the last refuge of the witless." —another way of stating the above
    • "…but the height of wit." —common rebuttal to the above
    • "A pun is the lowest form of humor, unless you thought of it yourself." — Doug Larson
    • "…but poetry is much verse." — original source unknown
    • "A pun is the lowest form of pastry." — original source unknown
    • "If puns are the lowest form of humor, are buns the lowest form of bread?" —Piers Anthony, Author
    • "A pun is the shortest distance between two straight lines." — original source unknown
  • "Immanuel doesn't pun; he Kant." — original source unknown
  • "Heralds don't pun; they cant." SCA heralds' expression
  • "Hanging is too good for a man who makes puns; he should be drawn and quoted." —Fred Allen
  • "The goodness of the true pun is in the direct ratio of its intolerability." — Edgar Allan Poe, Marginalia, 1849
  • "Those clothes are hardly proper for the occasion"... "They are OR scrubs"...."Oh are they?". -From the Feature Film, Rushmore.
  • From the movie Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World

Captain Aubrey: "Do you see those two weevils, Doctor?...Which would you choose?"
Dr. Maturin: "Neither. There's no difference between them. They're the same species of curculio."
Captain Aubrey: "If you had to choose."
Dr. Maturin: "I would choose the right-hand weevil. It has significant advantage in both length and breadth."
Captain Aubrey: "There, I have you!...Do you not know that in the service one must always choose the lesser of two weevils?"
Dr. Maturin: "He who would pun would pick a pocket." James Augustine Aloysius Joyce (Irish Séamus Seoighe; 2 February 1882 – 13 January 1941) was an Irish expatriate writer, widely considered to be one of the most influential writers of the 20th century. ... For the street ballad which the novel is named after, see Finnegans Wake. ... For other uses of this name, see Henry James (disambiguation). ... For other persons named Samuel Johnson, see Samuel Johnson (disambiguation). ... A lexicographer is a person devoted to the study of lexicography, especially an author of a dictionary. ... Piers Anthony Dillingham Jacob (born August 6, 1934 in Oxford, England) is a writer in the science fiction and fantasy genres, publishing under the name Piers Anthony. ... Authorship redirects here. ... The Society for Creative Anachronism (usually shortened to SCA) is a historical reenactment and living history group approximating mainly pre-17th century Western European history and culture. ... He has eyes like Venetian blinds and a tongue like an adder — radio/television critic John Crosby about humourist Fred Allen, portrayed here by caricaturist Al Hirschfeld. ... Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World is a 2003 film directed by Peter Weir and starring Russell Crowe as Jack Aubrey, with Paul Bettany as Stephen Maturin. ...

See also

Alliteration is a literary device in which the same sound appears at the beginning of two or more consecutive words. ... An Albur in Mexico is a word game consisting of a double entendre, usually with a sexual undertone. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Antanaclasis is a stylistic trope, in which a single word is repeated, but with a different meaning each time. ... An auto-antonym or contronym, sometimes spelled contranym (occasionally called antagonym, Janus word or self-antonym), is a word with a homonym which is also an antonym. ... Dajare is a kind of typically Japanese wordplay which relies on the similarity of two different words pronunciations. ... In his book, The Act of Creation (1964), Arthur Koestler reported on the phenomenon of compulsive punning, known as Forster’s syndrome, after the German surgeon who first observed it. ... Look up Humour in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... An insult is a statement or action which affronts or demeans someone. ... A letter game involves the exchange of written letters, or e-mails, between two or more participants. ... A mondegreen is the mishearing (usually accidental) of a phrase as a homophone or near-homophone in such a way that it acquires a new meaning. ... A neologism (Greek νεολογισμός [neologismos], from νέος [neos] new + λόγος [logos] word, speech, discourse + suffix -ισμός [-ismos] -ism) is a word, term, or phrase which has been recently created (coined) — often to apply to new concepts, to synthesize pre-existing concepts, or to make older terminology sound more contemporary. ... Look up Palindrome in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Polyptoton is a stylistic scheme, in which words derived from the same root are repeated (e. ... A portmanteau (IPA pronunciation: RP, US) is a word or morpheme that fuses two or more words or word parts to give a combined or loaded meaning. ... A riddle is a statement or question having a double or veiled meaning, put forth as a puzzle to be solved. ... It has been suggested that Triple entendre be merged into this article or section. ...

References

  1. ^ Revision as of 01:09, 28 January 2007 by 200.44.6.188 (Talk)
  2. ^ Samuel Johnson, Preface to Shakespeare.
  3. ^ The Facts on File Encyclopedia of Word and Phrase Origins

Sources

  • Hempelmann, Christian F. (September 2004). "Script opposition and logical mechanism in punning". HUMOR - Journal of the International Association for Humor Studies 17 (4): 381–392.  (Access to the full text may be restricted.)
  • Smyth, Herbert Weir (1920). Greek Grammar. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press, p. 681. ISBN 0-674-36250-0. 

The subject of this article may not satisfy the notability guideline or one of the following guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia: Biographies, Books, Companies, Fiction, Music, Neologisms, Numbers, Web content, or several proposals for new guidelines. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Pun - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2293 words)
A pun (also known as paronomasia) is a figure of speech which consists of a deliberate confusion of similar words or phrases for rhetorical effect, whether humorous or serious.
One reason the pun is sometimes seen as having a negative context is that one can be perceived as a deceptive act against the listener, who is led (when the pun is delivered deadpan and unexpectedly) to believe that a given piece of information is being offered, only to discover that he has been fooled.
The word "pun" is used with a slightly different sense in some computer science and hacking cultures to indicate a term with multiple meanings.
Big Pun (557 words)
In contrast to his large frame, Big Pun was a surprisingly graceful and nimble rapper, delivering his often clever, tongue-twisting rhymes at a torrential pace.
Pun scored an underground hit of his own with "I'm Not a Player" in 1997, and also contributed "You Ain't a Killer" to the Soul in the Hole basketball documentary.
Pun stayed in the public eye with guest work on records by Noreaga and Jennifer Lopez (the hit "Feelin' So Good," which also featured Fat Joe) while working on his second album.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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