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Encyclopedia > Pulque

Pulque, or octli, is an alcoholic beverage made from the fermented juice of the maguey, and is a traditional native beverage of Mesoamerica. Though it is commonly believed to be a beer, the main carbohydrate is a complex form of fructose rather than starch. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Fermentation. ... ... Location of Mesoamerica in the Americas. ...

A Six pack of Agave Pulque.

The maguey plant is not a cactus (as has sometimes been mistakenly suggested) but an Agave, believed to be the species salmiana subspecies salmiana. The plant was one of the most sacred plants in Mexico and had a prominent place in mythology, religious rituals, and Mesoamerican industry. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1536 pixel, file size: 821 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Picture taken by myself. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1536 pixel, file size: 821 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Picture taken by myself. ... Six-pack has more than one meaning: Six-pack refers to a set of six canned or bottled drinks sold together: aluminum cans are held together by a yoke, and bottles are stored in cardboard carriers with three on either side of a handle in the middle. ... Species see text. ... Genera See Taxonomy of the Cactaceae A cactus (plural cacti, cactuses or cactus)SEE REBECCA I WAS RIGHT is any member of the succulent plant family Cactaceae, native to the Americas. ... Species see text. ...

Contents

History

Pulque is depicted in Native American stone carvings from as early as 200 AD. The origin of pulque is unknown, but because it has a major position in religion, many folk tales explain its origins. According to one pre-Columbian legendary account, during the reign of Tecpancaltzin, a Toltec noble named Papantzin discovered the secret of extracting aguamiel from the maguey plant.[citation needed] Prior to the Spanish conquest, the Aztecs consumed it at religious ceremonies. Brazilian Indian chiefs The scope of this indigenous peoples of the Americas article encompasses the definitions of indigenous peoples and the Americas as established in their respective articles. ... The Atlantes – columns in the form of Toltec warriors in Tula. ... Spanish colonization of the Americas began with the arrival in the Americas of Christopher Columbus in 1492. ... It has been suggested that Mexica be merged into this article or section. ...


Production

Pulque is made in the following fashion: When the plant's flower stem shoots up, it is hollowed in the centre. Normally, 8 to 10 years are required for the plant to mature to the point where this can be done. The juice aguamiel, that should have supplied the flowers, is taken from it daily for a period of about two months. The aguamiel is then fermented (usually in large barrels inside in a building known as a tinacal which is specially reserved for pulque fermentation), after which it is immediately fit for drinking. Pulque is usually sold directly in bulk from the tinacal, or by the serving in a version of a cantina known as a pulquería. Traditionally in pulquerías, pulque is served in a glass known as a tornillo (screw, for its shape) or a bowl known as a jicara. A cantina is a spanish word meaning bar. ...

Pulque La Lucha
Pulque La Lucha

Pulque is still made and drunk in limited quantities in parts of Mexico today. However, because it cannot easily be stored or preserved (its character and flavor change over a short period of storage time, as little as a day), it is not well known outside the country. A process for preserving and canning pulque has been developed, and now canned pulque is being exported to the US in limited quantities (see photo); the alcohol content of the canned product is 6%. Aficionados of pulque usually consider the canned varieties to be inferior. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


Often pulque is mixed with fruit juices such as mango and pineapple in which case it is called a curado to render it palatable to those who do not appreciate its unusual flavor. Species About 35 species, including: Mangifera altissima Mangifera applanata Mangifera caesia Mangifera camptosperma Mangifera casturi Mangifera decandra Mangifera foetida Mangifera gedebe Mangifera griffithii Mangifera indica Mangifera kemanga Mangifera laurina Mangifera longipes Mangifera macrocarpa Mangifera mekongensis Mangifera odorata Mangifera pajang Mangifera pentandra Mangifera persiciformis Mangifera quadrifida Mangifera siamensis Mangifera similis Mangifera... Binomial name (L.) Merr. ...


Mezcal (or mescal) is the name given to a double-distilled spirit which comes from the maguey plant. Today there are well defined and regulated regions (A.O.C.) for both mezcal and Tequila in Mexico. Tequila is a mezcal, made only from the blue agave plant, from the region of southwestern Mexico around the town of Tequila, Jalisco. Aguamiel (from which pulque is made) is the natural juice of the maguey plant, whereas mezcal is the clear spirit made out of the heart of the plant itself. The flavor is either bitter or sweet, depending on how one prefers it. If one enjoys it strong then it is drunk neat (or in its undiluted form), and if not a bit of honey is added. A cheap commercial bottle of Mexican Mezcal bought in Cancun. ... Various brands of tequila Tequila is a spirit made primarily in the area surrounding Tequila, a town in the western Mexican state of Jalisco, 65 km northwest of Guadalajara and in the highlands of Jalisco, 65 km east of Guadalajara. ... Binomial name Agave tequilana A. Weber Ref: ??? The tequila agave Agave Tequilana Weber Azul, often called blue agave, is an agave, a principal economic product of Jalisco state in Mexico due to its role as the base ingredient of tequila, a popular alcoholic drink. ... Tequila is a municipality in the central part of the state of Jalisco, Mexico. ...


In the Aztec pantheon of deities, pulque production was represented by the god of pulque, Tepoztecatl, and the gods of drunkenness, such as Macuil-Tochtli or Five Rabbit and Ometochtli or Two Rabbit, both part of the pantheon of Centzon Totochtin, the four hundred rabbit gods of drunkenness. The Aztecs rated pulque intoxication on a scale of one to 400 rabbits. A tradition in pulquerías is for drinkers to slop a small amount of the pulque in their glass on the floor as a sacrifice to Two Rabbit. The Aztec civilization recognized many gods and supernatural creatures. ... In Aztec mythology, Tepoztecatl (or Tezcatzontecatl) was the god of pulque, of drunkenness and fertility. ... Macuiltochtli (Five Rabbit; from Nahuatl, macuilli, five, tochtli, rabbit) is one of the five deities from Aztec and other central Mexican pre-Columbian mythological traditions who, known collectively as the Ahuiateteo, symbolized excess, over-indulgence and the attendant punishments and consequences thereof. ... Ometochtli (Nahuatl for Two Rabbit, a day sign of the Aztec calendar) is a god of drunkenness in the Aztec pantheon. ... In Aztec mythology, the Centzon Totochtin (four-hundred rabbits; also Centzontotochtin) were a group of deities who met for frequent parties; they are divine rabbits, and the gods of drunkenness. ... It has been suggested that Mexica be merged into this article or section. ...


See also

Chicha is a Spanish word for any variety of fermented beverage. ... Cauim is a traditional alcoholic beverage of the Native American populations of Brazil, since pre-Columbian times. ... Two bottles of agave syrup Agave syrup (also called agave nectar) is a sweetener made from the Agave americana plant, and marketed as a healthful natural sugar substitute. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Pulque - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (372 words)
Pulque, or octili, is an alcoholic beverage made from the fermented juice of the maguey, and is a traditional native beverage of Mesoamerica.
Pulque is depicted in Native American stone carvings from as early as 200 AD.
Pulque is the natural juice of the maguey plant, whereas mezcal is the clear spirit made out of the heart of the plant itself.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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