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Encyclopedia > Pulp Fiction (film)
Pulp Fiction

Promotional artwork
Directed by Quentin Tarantino
Produced by Lawrence Bender
Written by Quentin Tarantino
Roger Avary
Starring John Travolta
Samuel L. Jackson
Uma Thurman
Bruce Willis
Harvey Keitel
Tim Roth
Amanda Plummer
Maria de Medeiros
Ving Rhames
Eric Stoltz
Rosanna Arquette
Christopher Walken
Cinematography Andrzej Sekula
Editing by Sally Menke
Distributed by Miramax Films
(U.S. theatrical)
Release date(s) May 1994
(world premiere—Cannes Film Festival)
September 23, 1994
(U.S. premiere—New York Film Festival)[1]
October 14, 1994
(U.S. general release)[2]
Running time 154 min.
Country Flag of the United States United States
Language English
Budget US$8.5 million
Gross revenue US$107.9 million (domestic)
US$212.9 million (worldwide)
Allmovie profile
IMDb profile

Pulp Fiction is a 1994 film by director Quentin Tarantino, who cowrote the film with Roger Avary. A crime drama with a nonlinear storyline, the film is known for its rich, eclectic dialogue, its ironic mix of humor and violence, and its host of cinematic and pop culture references. The film was nominated for seven Oscars, including Best Picture; Tarantino and Avary won for Best Original Screenplay. It was also awarded the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival. A major commercial success, it revitalized the career of its leading man, John Travolta, who received an Academy Award nomination, as did costars Samuel L. Jackson and Uma Thurman. Source: http://tarantino01q. ... Quentin Jerome Tarantino (born March 27, 1963) is an Academy Award- and Palme dOr-winning American film director, screenwriter and actor. ... Lawrence Bender Lawrence Bender (born 1957 in The Bronx) is an American film producer. ... Quentin Jerome Tarantino (born March 27, 1963) is an Academy Award- and Palme dOr-winning American film director, screenwriter and actor. ... Roger Avary, photographed for Score Magazine at the Hotel Costes K, Paris. ... John Joseph Travolta (born February 18, 1954) is an Academy Award-nominated and Golden Globe Award-winning American actor, dancer, and singer, best known for his leading roles in films such as Saturday Night Fever, Grease and Pulp Fiction. ... Samuel Jackson redirects here. ... Uma Karuna Thurman (born April 29, 1970) is an Academy Award-nominated American actress. ... Walter Bruce Willis (born March 19, 1955) is a Golden Globe- and double Emmy-winning German-born American actor and singer. ... Harvey Keitel (born May 13, 1939) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor from New York City. ... Tim Roth (born 14 May 1961, as Timothy Simon Smith in Dulwich, London) is an Academy Award-nominated English film actor and director. ... Amanda Michael Plummer (born March 23, 1957 in New York, New York) is an Emmy and Tony Award-winning American actress. ... Maria de Medeiros, DamSE (pron. ... Irving Rameses Rhames (born May 12, 1959) is a Golden Globe-winning American actor. ... Eric Cameron Stoltz (born September 30, 1961) is a Golden Globe-nominated American actor. ... Rosanna Lauren Arquette (born August 10, 1959) is a Golden Globe-nominated American actress, film director, and film producer. ... Christopher Walken (born March 31, 1943) is an Academy Award-winning American film and theatre actor. ... Andrzej Sekula (born 1954 in Wroclaw, Poland) is a Polish cinematographer and film director. ... Sally Menke is the film editor of all of Quentin Tarantinos movies. ... Miramax Films is a film production and distribution brand that was a Big Ten film motion picture distribution and production company headquartered in New York City before being bought out by The Walt Disney Company. ... The Cannes Film Festival (French: le Festival de Cannes), founded in 1939, is one of the worlds oldest, most influential and prestigious film festivals. ... is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... The New York Film Festival is the one of the United Statess most prestigious film festivals, first held in 1962 in New York. ... is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... USD redirects here. ... The year 1994 in film involved some significant events. ... Quentin Jerome Tarantino (born March 27, 1963) is an Academy Award- and Palme dOr-winning American film director, screenwriter and actor. ... Roger Avary, photographed for Score Magazine at the Hotel Costes K, Paris. ... In the arts, the word nonlinear is used to describe events portrayed in a non-chronological manner. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Ironic redirects here. ... This article is about the tone of comedy. ... Popular culture, or pop culture, is the vernacular (peoples) culture that prevails in a modern society. ... The Academy Award for Writing Original Screenplay is the Academy Award for the best script not based upon previously published material. ... Palme dOr The Palme dOr (Golden Palm) is the highest prize given to a film at the Cannes Film Festival. ... The Cannes Film Festival (French: le Festival de Cannes), founded in 1939, is one of the worlds oldest, most influential and prestigious film festivals. ... John Joseph Travolta (born February 18, 1954) is an Academy Award-nominated and Golden Globe Award-winning American actor, dancer, and singer, best known for his leading roles in films such as Saturday Night Fever, Grease and Pulp Fiction. ... Samuel Jackson redirects here. ... Uma Karuna Thurman (born April 29, 1970) is an Academy Award-nominated American actress. ...


The film's title refers to the pulp magazines and hardboiled crime novels popular during the mid-20th century, known for their graphic violence and punchy dialogue. Pulp Fiction is self-referential from its opening moments, beginning with a title card that gives two dictionary definitions of "pulp". The plot, in keeping with most of Tarantino's other works, is presented out of chronological sequence. The picture's self-reflexivity, unconventional structure, and extensive use of homage and pastiche have led critics to describe it as a prime example of postmodern film. Pulp Fiction is viewed as the inspiration for many later movies that adopted various elements of its style. The nature of its development, marketing, and distribution and its consequent profitability had a sweeping effect on the field of independent cinema. A cultural watershed, Pulp Fiction's influence has been felt in several other popular media. This article is about inexpensive fiction magazines. ... Hardboiled crime fiction is a uniquely American style pioneered by Dashiell Hammett, refined by Raymond Chandler, and endlessly imitated since by writers such as Mickey Spillane. ... A self-reference occurs when an object refers to itself. ... In motion pictures, an intertitle is a piece of filmed, printed text edited into the midst of (i. ... For a description of the medieval homage ceremony see commendation ceremony Homage is generally used in modern English to mean any public show of respect to someone to whom you feel indebted. ... The word pastiche describes a literary or other artistic genre. ... Postmodernist film describes the ideas of postmodernism in film. ... An independent film, or indie film, is a film that is produced outside of the studio system. ...

Contents

Overview

Directed in a highly stylized manner, employing many cinematic allusions, Pulp Fiction joins the intersecting storylines of Los Angeles mobsters, fringe players, petty thieves, and a mysterious briefcase. Considerable screen time is devoted to conversations and monologues that reveal the characters' senses of humor and perspectives on life. Considered by some critics a black comedy,[3] the film is also frequently labeled a "neo-noir".[4] Critic Geoffrey O'Brein argues otherwise: An allusion is a figure of speech that makes a reference/representation of/to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... This article is about the tone of comedy. ... Two silhouetted figures in The Big Combo (1955). ...

The old-time noir passions, the brooding melancholy and operatic death scenes, would be altogether out of place in the crisp and brightly lit wonderland that Tarantino conjures up. Neither neo-noir nor a parody of noir, Pulp Fiction is more a guided tour of an infernal theme park decorated with cultural detritus, Buddy Holly and Mamie Van Doren, fragments of blaxploitation and Roger Corman and Shogun Assassin, music out of a twenty-four-hour oldies station for which all the decades since the fifties exist simultaneously.[5] Two silhouetted figures in The Big Combo (1955). ... For the Weezer song, see Buddy Holly (song). ... Mamie Van Doren (born February 6, 1931 some sources say 1933) is an American actress and sex symbol. ... Shaft (1971) Blaxploitation is a film genre that emerged in the United States in the early 1970s when many exploitation films were made that targeted the urban black audience; the word itself is a portmanteau of the words “black” and “exploitation. ... Roger William Corman (born April 5, 1926), sometimes nicknamed King of the Bs for his output of B-movies (though he himself rejects this appellation as inaccurate), is a prolific American producer and director of low-budget exploitation movies, many of which are some of the most influential movies made. ... Shogun Assassin (known in Japan as Kozure Ōkami 子連れ狼) is a very violent jidaigeki movie made for the American market and released in 1980. ...

Nicholas Christopher similarly calls it "more gangland camp than neo-noir".[6] Foster Hirsch also suggests that its "trippy fantasy landscape" characterizes it more definitively than any genre label: Set "in a world that could exist only in the movies", Pulp Fiction is "a succulent guilty pleasure, beautifully made junk food for cinéastes".[7] Foster Hirsch is a professor in the film department of City University of New Yorks Brooklyn College, and the author of sixteen books on subjects related to theatre and film. ... Cineaste is a film magazine published quarterly. ...


In keeping with writer-director Quentin Tarantino's trademark of nonlinear storytelling, the narrative is presented out of sequence. Pulp Fiction is structured around three distinct but interrelated storylines—in Tarantino's conception, mob hitman Vincent Vega is the lead of the first story, prizefighter Butch Coolidge is the lead of the second, and Vincent's fellow contract killer, Jules Winnfield, is the lead of the third.[8] Although each storyline focuses on a different series of incidents, they connect and intersect in various ways. The film starts out with a diner hold-up staged by "Pumpkin" and "Honey Bunny", then picks up the stories of Vincent, Jules, Butch, and several other important characters, including mob kingpin Marsellus Wallace, his wife, Mia, and underworld problem-solver Winston Wolf. It finally returns to where it began, in the diner: Vincent and Jules, who have stopped in for a bite, find themselves embroiled in the hold-up. There are a total of seven narrative sequences—the three primary storylines are preceded by identifying intertitles on a black screen: A hitman (alternately, hit man) is a hired assassin, often by organized crime. ... Information Gender Male Occupation Hitman Family Vic Vega (Brother) Portrayed by John Travolta Created by Quentin Tarantino Vincent Vega is a character in Quentin Tarantinos Pulp Fiction, portrayed by John Travolta in an Academy Award-nominated performance. ... Butch Coolidge, portrayed by Bruce Willis in Pulp Fiction. ... Jules Winnfield is a character in Quentin Tarantinos Pulp Fiction, portrayed by Samuel L. Jackson in an Academy Award-nominated performance. ... Mia Wallace is a fictional character from Quentin Tarantinos Pulp Fiction (1994), played by Uma Thurman. ...

  1. Prologue—The Diner (i)
  2. Prelude to "Vincent Vega and Marsellus Wallace's Wife"
  3. "Vincent Vega and Marsellus Wallace's Wife"
  4. Prelude to "The Gold Watch" (a—flashback, b—present)
  5. "The Gold Watch"
  6. "The Bonnie Situation"
  7. Epilogue—The Diner (ii)

If the seven sequences were ordered chronologically, they would run: 4a, 2, 6, 1, 7, 3, 4b, 5. Sequences 1 and 7 partially overlap and are presented from different points of view; the same is true of sequences 2 and 6. The narrative course, with all its detours, is virtually circular, as the final scene overlaps and resolves the interrupted first scene. Reflecting on the film, Tarantino says, "One thing that's cool is that by breaking up the linear structure, when I watch the film with an audience, it does break [the audience's] alpha state. It's like, all of a sudden, 'I gotta watch this...I gotta pay attention.' You can almost feel everybody moving in their seats. It's actually fun to watch an audience in some ways chase after a movie."[9] Alpha waves recorded by electroencephalography (EEG) are synchronous and coherent (regular like sawtooth) and in the frequency range of 8 - 12 Hz. ...


Plot

"Pumpkin" (Tim Roth) and "Honey Bunny" (Amanda Plummer) are having breakfast in a diner. They decide to rob it after realizing they could make money off not just the business but the customers as well, as occurred during their previous heist. Moments after they initiate the hold-up, the scene breaks off and the title credits roll. Tim Roth (born 14 May 1961, as Timothy Simon Smith in Dulwich, London) is an Academy Award-nominated English film actor and director. ... Amanda Michael Plummer (born March 23, 1957 in New York, New York) is an Emmy and Tony Award-winning American actress. ...


As Jules Winnfield (Samuel L. Jackson) drives, Vincent Vega (John Travolta) talks about his experiences in Europe, from where he has just returned—the hash bars in Amsterdam; the French McDonald's and its "Royale with Cheese." The dress-suited pair are on their way to retrieve a briefcase from Brett (Frank Whaley), who has transgressed against their boss, gangster Marsellus Wallace. Jules tells Vincent how Marsellus had someone thrown off a fourth-floor balcony for giving his wife a foot massage. Vincent says that Marsellus has asked him to escort his wife while Marsellus is out of town. They conclude their banter and "get into character," which involves executing Brett in dramatic fashion after Jules recites a baleful "biblical" pronouncement. Samuel Jackson redirects here. ... John Joseph Travolta (born February 18, 1954) is an Academy Award-nominated and Golden Globe Award-winning American actor, dancer, and singer, best known for his leading roles in films such as Saturday Night Fever, Grease and Pulp Fiction. ... McDonalds Corporation (NYSE: MCD) is the worlds largest chain of fast-food restaurants, primarily selling hamburgers, chicken, french fries, milkshakes and soft drinks. ... The Quarter Pounder is a sandwich sold by international fast food chain McDonalds. ... Frank Whaley (born Francis Carlyle Whaley on July 20, 1963) is an American film and television actor known for his roles in independent films. ...


Vincent Vega and Marsellus Wallace's Wife

The "famous dance scene": Vincent Vega (John Travolta) and Mia Wallace (Uma Thurman) do the twist at Jack Rabbit Slim's.
The "famous dance scene":[10] Vincent Vega (John Travolta) and Mia Wallace (Uma Thurman) do the twist at Jack Rabbit Slim's.

In a virtually empty cocktail lounge, aging prizefighter Butch Coolidge (Bruce Willis) accepts a large sum of money from Marsellus (Ving Rhames), agreeing to take a dive in his upcoming match. Butch and Vincent briefly cross paths as Vincent and Jules—now inexplicably dressed in T-shirts and shorts—arrive to deliver the briefcase. The next day, Vincent drops by the house of Lance (Eric Stoltz) and Jody (Rosanna Arquette) to score some high-grade heroin. He shoots up before driving over to meet Mrs. Mia Wallace (Uma Thurman) and take her out. They head to Jack Rabbit Slim's, a 1950s-themed restaurant staffed by lookalikes of the decade's pop icons. Mia recounts her experience as an actress in a failed television pilot, "Fox Force Five." Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... John Joseph Travolta (born February 18, 1954) is an Academy Award-nominated and Golden Globe Award-winning American actor, dancer, and singer, best known for his leading roles in films such as Saturday Night Fever, Grease and Pulp Fiction. ... Uma Karuna Thurman (born April 29, 1970) is an Academy Award-nominated American actress. ... Walter Bruce Willis (born March 19, 1955) is a Golden Globe- and double Emmy-winning German-born American actor and singer. ... Irving Rameses Rhames (born May 12, 1959) is a Golden Globe-winning American actor. ... Match fixing or game fixing in organized sports occurs when a match is played to a completely or partially pre-determined result. ... Eric Cameron Stoltz (born September 30, 1961) is a Golden Globe-nominated American actor. ... Rosanna Lauren Arquette (born August 10, 1959) is a Golden Globe-nominated American actress, film director, and film producer. ... Uma Karuna Thurman (born April 29, 1970) is an Academy Award-nominated American actress. ... Jack Rabbit Slims is the fictional 1950s-themed restaurant that Vincent (John Travolta) and Mia (Uma Thurman) visit on their date in the movie Pulp Fiction by Quentin Tarantino. ... Theme restaurants are restaurants in which the concept of the restaurant takes priority over everything else, influencing the architecture, food, music, and overall feel of the restaurant. ... A television pilot is a test episode of an intended television series. ...


After participating in a twist contest, they return to the Wallace house with the trophy. While Vincent is in the bathroom convincing himself not to act on his growing attraction to his boss's wife, Mia finds Vincent's stash of heroin in the pocket of his coat. Mistaking it for cocaine, she snorts it and overdoses. Vincent finds her and fearfully rushes her to Lance's house for help. Together, they administer an adrenaline shot to Mia's heart, reviving her. Before parting ways, Mia and Vincent agree not to tell Marsellus of the incident, fearing what he might do to them. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Television time for young Butch (Chandler Lindauer) is interrupted by the arrival of Vietnam veteran Captain Koons (Christopher Walken). Koons explains that he has brought a gold watch, passed down through generations of Coolidge men since World War I. Butch's father died in a POW camp of dysentery, and at his dying request Koons hid the watch in his rectum for two years in order to deliver it to Butch. A bell rings, startling the adult Butch out of this reverie. He is in his boxing colors—it is time for the fight he has been paid to throw. Christopher Walken (born March 31, 1943) is an Academy Award-winning American film and theatre actor. ...


The Gold Watch

Butch flees the arena, having won the bout. Making his getaway by taxi, he learns from the death-obsessed driver, Esmarelda VillaLobos (Angela Jones), that he killed the opposing fighter. Butch has double-crossed Marsellus, betting his payoff on himself at very favorable odds. The next morning, at the motel where he and his girlfriend, Fabienne (Maria de Medeiros), are lying low, Butch discovers that she has forgotten to pack the irreplaceable watch. He returns to his apartment to retrieve it, although Marsellus's men are almost certainly looking for him. Butch finds the watch quickly, but thinking he is alone, pauses for a snack. Only then does he notice a submachine gun on the kitchen counter. Hearing the toilet flush, Butch readies the gun in time to kill a startled Vincent Vega exiting the bathroom. Angela Jones is an American actress. ... Maria de Medeiros, DamSE (pron. ... The MP5 is a third-generation submachine gun that is widely used by law enforcement tactical teams and military forces. ...


Butch drives away but while waiting at a traffic light, Marsellus walks by and recognizes him. Butch rams Marsellus with the car and another automobile then collides with his. After a foot chase the two men land in a pawnshop. Butch is about to shoot Marsellus, when the shopowner, Maynard (Duane Whitaker), captures them at gunpoint and ties them up in a half-basement area. Maynard is joined by Zed (Peter Greene); they take Marsellus to another room to rape him, leaving a silent masked figure referred to as "the gimp" to watch a tied-up Butch. Butch breaks loose and knocks out the gimp. He is about to flee when he decides to save Marsellus. As Zed is raping Marsellus on a pommel horse, Butch kills Maynard with a katana. Marsellus retrieves Maynard's shotgun, shooting Zed in the groin. Marsellus informs Butch that they are even with respect to the botched fight fix, so long as he never tells anyone about the rape and departs Los Angeles forever. Butch agrees and returns to pick up Fabienne on Zed's chopper. Duane Whitaker (born June 23, 1959 in Abilene, Texas) is an American actor. ... Greene in Pulp Fiction as Zed, the officer of Maynard (Duane Whitaker)s pawn shop. ... Gimp is a usually derogatory term used to refer to a (male or female) sexual submissive person, typically dressed in a black leather or rubber costume (often known as a gimp suit), and wearing a bondage hood or mask of the same material. ... The pommel horse is an artistic gymnastics apparatus. ... For other uses, see Katana (disambiguation). ... For other uses of the word, see Chopper. ...


The Bonnie Situation

The story returns to Vincent and Jules at Brett's. After they execute him, another man (Alexis Arquette, Rosanna Arquette's brother) bursts out of the bathroom and shoots wildly at them, missing every time before an astonished Jules and Vincent can return fire. Jules decides this is a miracle and a sign from God for him to retire as a hit man. They drive off with one of Brett's associates, Marvin (Phil LaMarr), their informant. Vincent asks Marvin for his opinion about the "miracle," accidentally shooting him in the face while carelessly waving his gun. Alexis Arquette (born July 28, 1969) is an American male-to-female transgender actress, musician, and cabaret drag performer. ... Phillip Phil LaMarr (born January 24, 1967) is an American actor, comedian and prolific voice actor as well as one of the original cast members on the sketch comedy series MADtv. ...


Forced to remove their bloodied car from the road, Jules calls upon the house of his friend Jimmy (Quentin Tarantino). Jimmy's wife, Bonnie, is due back from work soon and he is very anxious that she not encounter the scene. At Jules's request, Marsellus arranges for the help of Winston Wolf (Harvey Keitel). Wolf takes charge of the situation, ordering Jules and Vincent to clean the car, hide the body in the trunk, cover the bloody seats with linens, dispose of their own bloody clothes, and change into T-shirts and shorts provided by Jimmy. He pays Jimmy generously from a wad of cash for his help. They drive the car to a junkyard, from where Wolf and the owner's daughter, Raquel (Julia Sweeney), head off to breakfast and Jules and Vincent decide to do the same. Quentin Jerome Tarantino (born March 27, 1963) is an Academy Award- and Palme dOr-winning American film director, screenwriter and actor. ... Harvey Keitel (born May 13, 1939) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor from New York City. ... Julia Sweeney (born October 10, 1959 in Spokane, Washington) is an American actress and comedian who lives in Hollywood, California. ...


As Jules and Vincent eat breakfast in a Hawthorne coffee shop the discussion returns to Jules's decision to retire. In a brief cutaway, we see "Pumpkin" and "Honey Bunny" shortly before they initiate the hold-up from the movie's first scene. While Vincent is in the bathroom, the hold-up commences. "Pumpkin" demands all of the patrons' valuables, including Jules's mysterious case. Jules surprises "Pumpkin," holding him at gunpoint. "Honey Bunny," hysterical, trains her gun on Jules. Vincent emerges from the restroom with his gun trained on her, creating a Mexican standoff. Reprising his pseudo-biblical passage, Jules expresses his ambivalence about his life of crime. As his first act of redemption, he allows the two robbers to take the cash they have gathered and go, pondering how they were spared and leaving the briefcase to be returned to Marsellus, finishing the hitman's last job for his boss. A photomanipulation depicting a mexican standoff. ...


Development and production

The first element of what would become the Pulp Fiction screenplay was written by Roger Avary in the fall of 1990: Roger Avary, photographed for Score Magazine at the Hotel Costes K, Paris. ...

Tarantino and Avary decided to write a short, on the theory that it would be easier to get made than a feature. But they quickly realized that nobody produces shorts, so the film became a trilogy, with one section by Tarantino, one by Avary, and one by a third director who never materialized. Each eventually expanded his section into a feature-length script....[11]

The initial inspiration was the three-part horror anthology film Black Sabbath (1963), by Italian filmmaker Mario Bava. The Tarantino–Avary project was provisionally titled "Black Mask", after the seminal hardboiled crime fiction magazine.[12] Tarantino's script was produced as Reservoir Dogs, his directorial debut; Avary's, titled "Pandemonium Reigns", would form the basis for the "Gold Watch" storyline of Pulp Fiction.[13] An anthology film or omnibus film or portmanteau film is a film consisting of several different short films, often tied together by only a single theme, premise, or brief interlocking event (often a turning point). ... I Tre volti della paura or Black Sabbath (1963) was a Italian gothic horror movie directed by Mario Bava. ... Mario Bava (July 30, 1914 - April 25, 1980) was an Italian director and cinematographer remembered as one of the greatest names from the golden age of Italian horror films. ... Black Mask was a pulp magazine launched in 1920 by H. L. Mencken and George Jean Nathan. ... Hardboiled crime fiction is a uniquely American style pioneered by Dashiell Hammett, refined by Raymond Chandler, and endlessly imitated since by writers such as Mickey Spillane. ... For the video game based on the film, see Reservoir Dogs (video game). ...


With work on Reservoir Dogs completed, Tarantino returned to the notion of a trilogy film: "I got the idea of doing something that novelists get a chance to do but filmmakers don't: telling three separate stories, having characters float in and out with different weights depending on the story."[14] Tarantino explains that the idea "was basically to take like the oldest chestnuts that you've ever seen when it comes to crime stories—the oldest stories in the book.... You know, 'Vincent Vega and Marsellus Wallace's Wife'—the oldest story about...the guy's gotta go out with the big man's wife and don't touch her. You know, you've seen the story a zillion times."[8] "I'm using old forms of storytelling and then purposely having them run awry", he says. "Part of the trick is to take these movie characters, these genre characters and these genre situations and actually apply them to some of real life's rules and see how they unravel."[15]


Tarantino went to work on the script for Pulp Fiction in Amsterdam in March 1992.[16] He was joined there by Avary, who contributed "Pandemonium Reigns" to the project and participated in its rewriting as well as the development of the new storylines that would link up with it.[13] Two scenes originally written by Avary for the True Romance screenplay, exclusively credited to Tarantino, were incorporated into the opening of "The Bonnie Situation".[17] The notion of the crimeworld "cleaner" that became the heart of the episode was inspired by a short, Curdled, that Tarantino saw at a film festival. He cast the lead actress, Angela Jones, in Pulp Fiction and later backed the filmmakers' production of a feature-length version of Curdled.[18] The script included a couple of made-up commercial brands that would feature often in later Tarantino films: Big Kahuna burgers (a Big Kahuna soda cup appears in Reservoir Dogs) and Red Apple cigarettes.[19] As he worked on the script, Tarantino also accompanied Reservoir Dogs around the European film festivals. Released in the U.S. in October 1992, the picture was a critical and commercial success. In January 1993, the Pulp Fiction script was complete.[20] True Romance is an American motion picture released in 1993, directed by Tony Scott and written by Quentin Tarantino and Roger Avary. ... Angela Jones is an American actress. ...


Tarantino and his producer, Lawrence Bender, brought the script to Jersey Films, the production company run by Danny DeVito, Michael Shamberg, and Stacey Sher. Before even seeing Reservoir Dogs, Jersey had attempted to sign Tarantino for his next project.[21] Ultimately a development deal worth around $1 million had been struck—the deal gave A Band Apart, Bender and Tarantino's newly formed production company, initial financing and office facilities; Jersey got a share of the project and the right to shop the script to a studio.[22] Jersey had a distribution and "first look" deal with Columbia TriStar, which paid Tarantino for the right to consider exercising its option.[23] In February, Pulp Fiction appeared on a Variety list of films in preproduction at TriStar.[24] In June, however, the studio put the script into turnaround.[23] According to a studio executive, TriStar chief Mike Medavoy found it "too demented".[25] There were suggestions that TriStar was resistant to backing a film featuring a heroin user; there were also indications that the studio simply saw the project as too low-budget for its desired star-driven image.[26] Bender brought the script to Miramax, the formerly independent studio that had recently been acquired by Disney. Harvey Weinstein—co-chairman of Miramax, along with his brother, Bob—was instantly enthralled by the script and the company picked it up.[27] Pulp Fiction, the first Miramax project to get a green light after the Disney acquisition, was budgeted at $8.5 million.[28] It became the first movie that Miramax completely financed.[29] Helping hold costs down was the plan Bender executed to pay all the main actors the same amount per week, regardless of their industry status.[30] The biggest star to sign on to the project was Bruce Willis. Though he had recently appeared in several big-budget flops, he was still a major overseas draw. On the strength of his name, Miramax garnered $11 million for the film's worldwide rights, virtually ensuring its profitability.[31] Lawrence Bender Lawrence Bender (born 1957 in The Bronx) is an American film producer. ... Daniel Michael DeVito Jr. ... Michael Shamberg, formerly a Time-Life correspondent, is now a film producer. ... Stacey Sher is a film producer. ... A Band Apart is a production company created by a number of famous and acclaimed movie directors. ... Columbia Pictures logo, used only in the early-1990s Columbia Pictures, now Columbia-Tristar Pictures after their merger with the former Tristar Entertainment, is a film production company, and part of Sony Pictures Entertainment. ... Variety is a daily newspaper for the entertainment industry. ... Pre-production is the process of preparing all the elements involved a film, play, or other performance. ... A turnaround or turnaround deal is an arrangement in the film industry, whereby the rights to a project one studio has developed are sold to another studio in exchange for the cost of development. ... Morris Mike Medavoy (born January 21, 1941, Shanghai ghetto, China) is an American film producer and executive, co-founder of Orion Pictures, former chairman of TriStar Pictures and current chairman and CEO of Phoenix Pictures. ... Miramax is a Big Ten film distribution and production company. ... Alternate meanings: Disney (disambiguation) The Walt Disney Company (also known as Disney Enterprises, Inc. ... Harvey Weinstein at Cannes, 2002 Harvey Weinstein CBE (Hon) (born March 19, 1952) is an American film producer and movie studio chairman. ... Bob Weinstein, along with brother Harvey Weinstein, was head of Miramax Studios. ... To greenlight a project, in the context of the movie business, is to formally approve production finance, thereby allowing the project to move forward from the development phase to pre-production and, barring disasters, principal photography. ... Walter Bruce Willis (born March 19, 1955) is a Golden Globe- and double Emmy-winning German-born American actor and singer. ...


The Pulp Fiction shoot commenced on September 20, 1993.[32] The lead offscreen talent had all worked with Tarantino on Reservoir Dogscinematographer Andrzej Sekula, film editor Sally Menke, and production designer David Wasco. According to Tarantino, "[W]e had $8 million [sic]. I wanted it to look like a $20–25 million movie. I wanted it to look like an epic. It's an epic in everything—in invention, in ambition, in length, in scope, in everything except the price tag."[33] The film, he says, was shot "on 50 ASA film stock, which is the slowest stock they make. The reason we use it is that it creates an almost no-grain image, it's lustrous. It's the closest thing we have to 50s Technicolor."[34] The largest chunk of the budget—$150,000—went to creating the Jack Rabbit Slim's set.[35] It was built in a Culver City warehouse, where it was joined by several other sets as well as the film's production offices.[36] For the costumes, Tarantino took his inspiration from French director Jean-Pierre Melville, who believed that the clothes his characters wore were their symbolic suits of armor.[34] Tarantino cast himself in a modest-sized role as he had in Reservoir Dogs. One of his pop totems, Fruit Brute, a long-discontinued General Mills cereal, also returned from the earlier film.[37] The shoot wrapped on November 30.[38] Before Pulp Fiction's premiere, Tarantino convinced Avary to forfeit his agreed-on cowriting credit and accept a "story by" credit, so the line "Written and directed by Quentin Tarantino" could be used in advertising and onscreen.[39] is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Cameraman redirects here. ... Andrzej Sekula (born 1954 in Wroclaw, Poland) is a Polish cinematographer and film director. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Film editing. ... Sally Menke is the film editor of all of Quentin Tarantinos movies. ... Production designer is a term used in the movie and television industries to refer to the person responsible for the overall look of a filmed event such as films, TV programs, music videos or adverts. ... Film speed is the measure of a photographic films sensitivity to light. ... Film grain or granularity is the random optical texture of processed photographic film due to the presence of small grains of a metallic silver developed from silver halide that have received enough photons. ... Logo celebrating Technicolors 90th Anniversary Technicolor is the trademark for a series of color film processes pioneered by Technicolor Motion Picture Corporation (a subsidiary of Technicolor, Inc. ... Culver City sign near the intersection of the 405 and the 90. ... Jean-Pierre Melville (born Jean-Pierre Grumbach) (October 20, 1917 – August 2, 1973) was a noted French director. ... A box of the now discontinued Fruit Brute breakfast cereal. ... General Mills (NYSE: GIS) is a Fortune 500 corporation, mainly concerned with food products, which is headquartered in Golden Valley, Minnesota, a suburb of Minneapolis. ... is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Cast

  • John Travolta as Vincent Vega: Tarantino cast Travolta in Pulp Fiction only because Michael Madsen, who had a major role in Reservoir Dogs, chose to appear in Kevin Costner's Wyatt Earp instead. Madsen was still rueing his choice over a decade later.[40] Harvey Weinstein pushed for Daniel Day-Lewis in the part.[41] Travolta accepted a bargain rate for his services—sources claim either $100,000 or $140,000—but the film's success and his Oscar nomination as Best Actor revitalized his career.[42] Travolta was subsequently cast in several hits including Get Shorty, in which he played a similar character, and the John Woo blockbuster Face/Off.
  • Samuel L. Jackson as Jules Winnfield: Tarantino had written the part with Jackson in mind, but the actor nearly lost it after his first audition—Jackson assumed it was merely a reading—was overshadowed by Paul Calderon's. Harvey Weinstein convinced Jackson to audition a second time, and his performance of the final diner scene won over Tarantino.[43] Jules was originally scripted with a giant afro, but Tarantino and Jackson agreed on the Jheri-curled wig seen in the film.[44] (One reviewer took it as a "tacit comic statement about the ghettoization of blacks in movies".[45]) Jackson received an Oscar nomination for Best Supporting Actor. Calderon appears in the movie as Paul, Marsellus's right-hand man.
  • Uma Thurman as Mia Wallace: Miramax favored Holly Hunter or Meg Ryan for the role. Alfre Woodard and Meg Tilly were also considered, but Tarantino wanted Thurman after their first meeting.[39][46] She dominated most of the film's promotional material, appearing on a bed with cigarette in hand. She was nominated for the Best Supporting Actress Oscar and was launched into the celebrity A-list. She took little advantage of her newfound fame, choosing to not do any big-budget films for the next three years.[47] Thurman would later star in Tarantino's two Kill Bill movies.
Butch Coolidge (Bruce Willis), before the fight of his life. Tarantino said, "Bruce has the look of a 50s actor. I can't think of any other star that has that look."
Butch Coolidge (Bruce Willis), before the fight of his life. Tarantino said, "Bruce has the look of a 50s actor. I can't think of any other star that has that look."[48]
  • Bruce Willis as Butch Coolidge: Willis was a major star, but most of his recent films had been box-office disappointments. As described by Peter Bart, taking a role in the modestly budgeted film "meant lowering his salary and risking his star status, but the strategy...paid off royally: Pulp Fiction not only brought Willis new respect as an actor, but also earned him several million dollars as a result of his gross participation."[49] In conceiving the character, Tarantino said, "I basically wanted him to be like Ralph Meeker as Mike Hammer in Kiss Me Deadly [1955]. I wanted him to be a bully and a jerk...."[50]
  • Harvey Keitel as Winston Wolf or simply "The Wolf": The part was written specifically for Keitel, who had starred in Tarantino's Reservoir Dogs and was instrumental in getting it produced. In the filmmaker's words, "Harvey had been my favorite actor since I was 16 years old."[51] Keitel had played a character similarly employed as a "cleaner" in Point of No Return, released a year earlier, but the two parts are otherwise very different.
  • Tim Roth as "Pumpkin" or "Ringo": Roth had starred in Reservoir Dogs alongside Keitel and was brought on board again. He had used an American accent in the earlier film, but uses his natural, London one in Pulp Fiction. Though Tarantino had written the part specifically with Roth in mind, TriStar head Mike Medavoy preferred Johnny Depp or Christian Slater.[52]
  • Amanda Plummer as Yolanda or "Honey Bunny": Tarantino wrote the role for Plummer, specifically to partner Roth onscreen. Roth had introduced the actress and director, telling Tarantino, "I want to work with Amanda in one of your films, but she has to have a really big gun."[53] Plummer followed up with director Michael Winterbottom's Butterfly Kiss, in which she plays a serial killer.
  • Maria de Medeiros as Fabienne: Butch's girlfriend. Tarantino met the Portuguese actress while traveling with Reservoir Dogs around the European film festival circuit.[12] She had previously costarred with Thurman in Henry & June (1990), playing Anaïs Nin.
  • Ving Rhames as Marsellus Wallace: According to Bender, Rhames gave "one of the best auditions I've ever seen."[46] His acclaimed performance led to his being cast in big-budget features such as Mission Impossible, Con Air, and Out of Sight.[54]
  • Eric Stoltz as Lance: Vincent's drug dealer. Courtney Love later reported that Kurt Cobain was originally offered the role of Lance; if he had taken it, Love would have played the role of his wife.[55]
  • Christopher Walken as Captain Koons: Walken appears in a single scene, devoted to the Vietnam veteran's monologue about the gold watch. In 1993, Walken had appeared in another small but pivotal role in the "Sicilian scene" in the Tarantino-written True Romance.

John Joseph Travolta (born February 18, 1954) is an Academy Award-nominated and Golden Globe Award-winning American actor, dancer, and singer, best known for his leading roles in films such as Saturday Night Fever, Grease and Pulp Fiction. ... Information Gender Male Occupation Hitman Family Vic Vega (Brother) Portrayed by John Travolta Created by Quentin Tarantino Vincent Vega is a character in Quentin Tarantinos Pulp Fiction, portrayed by John Travolta in an Academy Award-nominated performance. ... For other uses, see Michael Madsen (disambiguation). ... Kevin Michael Costner (born January 18, 1955) is an Academy Award-winning American film actor, director and producer. ... Wyatt Earp DVD cover Wyatt Earp is a 1994 Western film, written by Dan Gordon and Lawrence Kasdan and directed by Kasdan. ... Daniel Michael Blake Day-Lewis (born 29 April 1957) is an Academy-Award winning and Golden Globe-award nominated actor. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see John Woo (disambiguation). ... Face/Off is a 1997 action film directed by John Woo and starring John Travolta and Nicolas Cage. ... Samuel Jackson redirects here. ... Jules Winnfield is a character in Quentin Tarantinos Pulp Fiction, portrayed by Samuel L. Jackson in an Academy Award-nominated performance. ... Paul Calderon, an American actor, was born in Puerto Rico. ... This article is about the hairstyle. ... Uma Karuna Thurman (born April 29, 1970) is an Academy Award-nominated American actress. ... Mia Wallace is a fictional character from Quentin Tarantinos Pulp Fiction (1994), played by Uma Thurman. ... Holly Hunter (born March 20, 1958) is an Academy Award-winning American actress. ... Meg Ryan (born November 19, 1961) is an American actress who specializes in romantic comedies but has also worked in other film genres. ... Alfre Ette Woodard (born November 8, 1952) is an American actress. ... Meg Tilly (born February 14, 1960) is an Academy Award-nominated American actress, Broadway stage dancer and ballerina. ... The A-list is the roster of the most bankable movie stars in Hollywood. ... Kill Bill is the fourth film by writer-director Quentin Tarantino. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Walter Bruce Willis (born March 19, 1955) is a Golden Globe- and double Emmy-winning German-born American actor and singer. ... Walter Bruce Willis (born March 19, 1955) is a Golden Globe- and double Emmy-winning German-born American actor and singer. ... Butch Coolidge, portrayed by Bruce Willis in Pulp Fiction. ... The term box office can refer to either: A place where tickets are sold to the public for admission to a venue The amount of business a particular production, such as a movie or theatre show, does. ... Meeker as Mike Hammer in Kiss Me Deadly Ralph Meeker (November 21, 1920 - August 5, 1988) was a film actor who appeared as Mike Hammer in Kiss Me Deadly. ... Mike Hammer is a fictional American detective created by the American author Mickey Spillane in the 1947 book I, the Jury (made into a movie in 1953 and 1982). ... This article is about the 1955 film. ... Harvey Keitel (born May 13, 1939) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor from New York City. ... For other meanings of point of no return, see Point of no return (disambiguation). ... Tim Roth (born 14 May 1961, as Timothy Simon Smith in Dulwich, London) is an Academy Award-nominated English film actor and director. ... John Christopher Depp II[1] (born June 9, 1963) is an American actor, best known for his frequent portrayals of offbeat and eccentric characters such as Jack Sparrow in the Pirates of the Caribbean trilogy and the titular character of Tim Burtons Edward Scissorhands. ... Christian Slater(born August 18, 1969) is an American actor. ... Amanda Michael Plummer (born March 23, 1957 in New York, New York) is an Emmy and Tony Award-winning American actress. ... Michael Winterbottom (b. ... Maria de Medeiros, DamSE (pron. ... Henry & June is a 1990 film. ... Anaïs Nin in the mid-1970s. ... Irving Rameses Rhames (born May 12, 1959) is a Golden Globe-winning American actor. ... For other uses, see Conair. ... Out of Sight is a 1998 movie directed by Steven Soderbergh. ... Eric Cameron Stoltz (born September 30, 1961) is a Golden Globe-nominated American actor. ... This article is about the person. ... Kurt Donald Cobain (February 20, 1967 – c. ... Rosanna Lauren Arquette (born August 10, 1959) is a Golden Globe-nominated American actress, film director, and film producer. ... Pamela Suzette Grier (born May 26, 1949) is an iconic American actress. ... Jackie Brown is a 1997 motion picture, the third film directed by Quentin Tarantino. ... Ellen Lee DeGeneres (born January 26, 1958) is an American stand-up comedian, television host and actress. ... Christopher Walken (born March 31, 1943) is an Academy Award-winning American film and theatre actor. ... This article is about veterans of the Vietnam War. ... True Romance is an American motion picture released in 1993, directed by Tony Scott and written by Quentin Tarantino and Roger Avary. ...

Soundtrack

No film score was composed for Pulp Fiction, with Quentin Tarantino instead using an eclectic assortment of surf music, rock and roll, soul, and pop songs. Dick Dale's rendition of "Misirlou" plays during the opening credits. Tarantino chose surf music as the basic musical style for the film, but not, he insists, because of its association with surfing culture: "To me it just sounds like rock and roll, even Morricone music. It sounds like rock and roll spaghetti Western music."[58] Some of the songs were suggested to Tarantino by his friends Chuck Kelley and Laura Lovelace, who were credited as music consultants. Lovelace also appeared in the film as Laura, a waitress; she reprises the role in Jackie Brown.[59] The soundtrack album, Music from the Motion Picture Pulp Fiction, was released along with the film in 1994. The album peaked on the Billboard 200 chart at number 21.[60] The single, Urge Overkill's cover of the Neil Diamond song "Girl, You'll Be a Woman Soon", reached number 59.[61] Pulp Fiction is the soundtrack to Quentin Tarantinos film of the same title, released in 1994. ... A film score is a set of musical compositions written to accompany a film. ... Surf music is a genre of popular music associated with surf culture, particularly Orange County and other areas of Southern California. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... For other uses, see Soul music (disambiguation). ... This article is about the genre of popular music. ... This article is about the surf guitarist. ... Misirlou (Greek: Μισιρλού, Egyptian Girl; from Turkish Mısırlı Egyptian, from Arabic مصر, Miṣr, Egypt), is a popular Greek song with a cult-like popularity in four very diverse styles of music: Greek rebetiko, Middle-Eastern belly dancing, Jewish wedding music (Klezmer), and American surf rock. ... Ennio Morricone (born November 10, 1928; sometimes also credited as Dan Savio or Leo Nichols) is an Italian composer especially noted for his film scores. ... Once Upon a Time in the West, in true Sergio Leone style, ends with an extended shootout scene between Harmonica (Charles Bronson) and Frank (Henry Fonda). ... Pulp Fiction is the soundtrack to Quentin Tarantinos film of the same title, released in 1994. ... The Billboard 200 is a ranking of the 200 highest-selling music albums and EPs in the United States, published weekly by Billboard magazine. ... Urge Overkill is an alternative rock band, formed in Chicago, United States, consisting of Nathan Nash Kato Katruud (vocals/guitar), and Eddie King Roeser (vocals/guitar/bass guitar). ... Neil Leslie Diamond (born January 24, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter and occasional actor. ... Girl, Youll Be a Woman Soon is a song written by Neil Diamond, whose recording of it reached #10 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in 1967. ...


Estella Tincknell describes how the particular combination of well-known and obscure recordings helps establish the film as a "self-consciously 'cool' text. [The] use of the mono-tracked, beat-heavy style of early 1960s U.S. 'underground' pop mixed with 'classic' ballads such as Dusty Springfield's 'Son of a Preacher Man' is crucial to the film's postmodern knowningness." She contrasts the soundtrack with that of Forrest Gump, the highest-grossing film of 1994, which also relies on period pop recordings: "[T]he version of 'the sixties' offered by Pulp Fiction...is certainly not that of the publicly recognized counter-culture featured in Forrest Gump, but is, rather, a more genuinely marginal form of sub-culture based around a lifestyle—surfing, 'hanging'—that is resolutely apolitical." The soundtrack is central, she says, to the film's engagement with the "younger, cinematically knowledgeable spectator" it solicits.[62] Dusty Springfield OBE (16 April 1939–2 March 1999) was a popular English singer whose career spanned four decades. ... Dusty in Memphis track listing So Much Love (2) Son of Preacher Man (3) I Dont Want to Hear It Anymore (4) Son of a Preacher Man is a single released by Dusty Springfield in 1968 and featured on the 1969 album, Dusty in Memphis. ... For other uses, see Forrest Gump (disambiguation). ...


Release and reception

Pulp Fiction premiered in May 1994 at the Cannes Film Festival. The Weinsteins "hit the beach like commandos", bringing the picture's entire cast over.[63] The film was unveiled at a midnight hour screening and caused a sensation.[64][65] It won the Palme d'Or, the festival's top prize, generating a further wave of publicity.[66] The first U.S. review of the film was published on May 23 in industry trade magazine Variety. Todd McCarthy called Pulp Fiction a "spectacularly entertaining piece of pop culture...a startling, massive success."[67] From Cannes forward, Tarantino was on the road continuously, promoting the film.[68] Over the next few months it played in smaller festivals around Europe, building buzz: Nottingham, Munich, Taormina, Locarno, Norway, and San Sebastian.[69] In late September, it opened the New York Film Festival. At the moment a giant hypodermic needle pierced the breastplate of Uma Thurman's character, aimed straight for her heart, an audience member passed out.[70] The New York Times published its review the day of the opening. Janet Maslin called the film a "triumphant, cleverly disorienting journey through a demimonde that springs entirely from Mr. Tarantino's ripe imagination, a landscape of danger, shock, hilarity and vibrant local color.... [He] has come up with a work of such depth, wit and blazing originality that it places him in the front ranks of American film makers."[65] The Cannes Film Festival (French: le Festival de Cannes), founded in 1939, is one of the worlds oldest, most influential and prestigious film festivals. ... Palme dOr The Palme dOr (Golden Palm) is the highest prize given to a film at the Cannes Film Festival. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Variety is a daily newspaper for the entertainment industry. ... Taormina is a town on the island of Sicily in Italy, and in ancient times was a Greek colony (Greek Ταυρομένιον Tauromenion), dating from about 400 BC, which submitted to Roman authority in 212 BC during the Second Punic War. ... The New York Film Festival is the one of the United Statess most prestigious film festivals, first held in 1962 in New York. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... Janet Maslin (b. ...


On October 14, 1994, Pulp Fiction went into general release in the United States. As Peter Biskind describes, "It was not platformed, that is, it did not open in a handful of theaters and roll out slowly as word of mouth built, the traditional way of releasing an indie film; it went wide immediately, into 1,100 theaters."[2] In the eyes of some cultural critics, Reservoir Dogs had given Tarantino a reputation for glamorizing violence. Miramax played with the issue in its marketing campaign: "You won't know the facts till you've seen the fiction", went one slogan.[71] Pulp Fiction was the top-grossing film at the box office its first weekend, edging out a Sylvester Stallone vehicle, The Specialist, which was in its second week and playing at more than twice as many theaters. Against its budget of $8.5 million and about $10 million in marketing costs, Pulp Fiction wound up grossing $107.93 million at the U.S. box office, making it the first "indie" film to surpass $100 million. Worldwide, it took in nearly $213 million.[72] In terms of domestic grosses, it was the tenth biggest film of 1994, even though it played on substantially fewer screens than any other film in the top 20.[73] Popular engagement with the film, such as speculation about the contents of the precious briefcase, "indicates the kind of cult status that Pulp Fiction achieved almost immediately."[74] As MovieMaker puts it, "The movie was nothing less than a national cultural phenomenon."[75] Abroad, as well: In Britain, where it opened a week after its U.S. release, not only was the film a big hit, but in book form its screenplay became the most successful in UK publishing history, a top-ten bestseller.[76] is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Sylvester Gardenzio Stallone[1] (born July 6, 1946) is an American actor, director, producer and screenwriter. ... For the modification for the game Half-Life, see The Specialists. ... Movie Maker is an American magazine focused on the art and business of making movies with a special emphasis on independent film. ...


The response of major American movie reviewers was widely favorable. Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times describing it as "so well-written in a scruffy, fanzine way that you want to rub noses in it—the noses of those zombie writers who take 'screenwriting' classes that teach them the formulas for 'hit films.'"[77] Richard Corliss of Time wrote, "It towers over the year's other movies as majestically and menacingly as a gang lord at a preschool. It dares Hollywood films to be this smart about going this far. If good directors accept Tarantino's implicit challenge, the movie theater could again be a great place to live in."[78] In Newsweek, David Ansen wrote, "The miracle of Quentin Tarantino's Pulp Fiction is how, being composed of secondhand, debased parts, it succeeds in gleaming like something new."[79] "You get intoxicated by it," wrote Entertainment Weekly's Owen Gleiberman, "high on the rediscovery of how pleasurable a movie can be. I'm not sure I've ever encountered a filmmaker who combined discipline and control with sheer wild-ass joy the way that Tarantino does."[45] "There's a special kick that comes from watching something this thrillingly alive", wrote Peter Travers of Rolling Stone. "Pulp Fiction is indisputably great."[80] Overall, the film attained exceptionally high ratings among U.S. reviewers: a 96% score at Rotten Tomatoes[81] and a Metascore of 94 on Metacritic.[82] Roger Joseph Ebert (born June 18, 1942) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American film critic. ... The Chicago Sun-Times is an American daily newspaper published in Chicago. ... A fanzine (see also: zine) is a nonprofessional publication produced by fans of a particular cultural phenomenon (such as a literary or musical genre) for the pleasure of others who share their interest. ... Richard Corliss is a writer for Time magazine who focuses on movies, with the occasional article on music or sports, and has distinguished himself for his clever way with words. ... TIME redirects here. ... The Newsweek logo Newsweek is a weekly news magazine published in New York City and distributed throughout the United States and internationally. ... David Ansen is movie critic and senior editor for Newsweek, where he has been reviewing movies since 1977. ... Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated EW) is a magazine published by Time Inc. ... Owen Gleiberman (born 24 February 1959) is a film critic for Entertainment Weekly, a position he has held since the magazines launch in 1990. ... Peter Travers is the film critic for Rolling Stone magazine. ... This article is about the magazine. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Metacritic is a website that collates reviews of music albums, games, movies, TV shows, DVDs and books. ...


The Los Angeles Times was one of the few major news outlets to publish a negative review on the film's opening weekend. Kenneth Turan wrote, "The writer-director appears to be straining for his effects. Some sequences, especially one involving bondage harnesses and homosexual rape, have the uncomfortable feeling of creative desperation, of someone who's afraid of losing his reputation scrambling for any way to offend sensibilities."[83] Some who reviewed it in the following weeks took more exception to the predominant critical reaction than to Pulp Fiction itself. While not panning the film, Stanley Kauffman of The New Republic felt that "the way that [it] has been so widely ravened up and drooled over verges on the disgusting. Pulp Fiction nourishes, abets, cultural slumming."[84] Responding to comparisons between Tarantino's film and the work of French New Wave director Jean-Luc Godard, especially his first, most famous feature, Jonathan Rosenbaum of the Chicago Reader wrote, "The fact that Pulp Fiction is garnering more extravagant raves than Breathless ever did tells you plenty about which kind of cultural references are regarded as more fruitful—namely, the ones we already have and don't wish to expand."[85] Observing in the National Review that "[n]o film arrives with more advance hype", John Simon was unswayed: "titillation cures neither hollowness nor shallowness".[86] The Los Angeles Times (also L.A. Times) is a daily newspaper published in Los Angeles, California and distributed throughout the Western United States. ... Kenneth Turan is an American film critic, currently writing for the Los Angeles Times. ... Stanley Kauffmann (24 April 1916 – ) is an American film critic, theater critic, and author. ... For other uses, see New Republic. ... The New Wave (French: La Nouvelle Vague) was a blanket term coined by critics for a group of French filmmakers of the late 1950s and 1960s, influenced (in part) by Italian Neorealism. ... Jean-Luc Godard (French IPA: ) (born 3 December 1930) is a French filmmaker and one of the most influential members of the Nouvelle Vague, or French New Wave. Born to Franco-Swiss parents in Paris, he was educated in Nyon, Switzerland, later studying at the Lycée Rohmer, and the... Jonathan Rosenbaum is a prominent American film critic. ... The Chicago Reader is an alternative newsweekly in Chicago, Illinois, USA. It was founded in 1971[2] by a group of friends who attended Carleton College. ... For other uses, see Breathless. ... National Review (NR) is a biweekly magazine of political opinion, founded by author William F. Buckley, Jr. ... John Simon (born Ivan Simon on May 12, 1925, in Subotica, Serbia) is a Serbian-American author and literary, theater, and film critic. ...


Debate about the film spread beyond the review pages. Violence was often the theme. In the Washington Post, Donna Britt described how she was happy to not see Pulp Fiction on a recent weekend and thus avoid "discussing the rousing scene in which a gunshot sprays somebody's brains around a car interior".[87] Some commentators took exception to the movie's frequent use of the word "nigger". In the Chicago Tribune, Todd Boyd argued that the word's recurrence "has the ability to signify the ultimate level of hipness for white males who have historically used their perception of black masculinity as the embodiment of cool".[88] In Britain, James Wood, writing in The Guardian, set the tone for much subsequent criticism: "Tarantino represents the final triumph of postmodernism, which is to empty the artwork of all content, thus avoiding its capacity to do anything except helplessly represent our agonies.... Only in this age could a writer as talented as Tarantino produce artworks so vacuous, so entirely stripped of any politics, metaphysics, or moral interest."[89] ... // Nigger is a racial slur used to refer to dark-skinned people, especially those of African ancestry. ... // The Chicago Tribune is a major daily newspaper based in Chicago, Illinois and owned by the Tribune Company. ... James Wood (born 1965 in Durham, United Kingdom) is a literary critic and novelist. ... For other uses, see Guardian. ...


Around the turn of the year, Pulp Fiction was named Best Picture by the National Society of Film Critics, National Board of Review, Los Angeles Film Critics Association, Boston Society of Film Critics, Southeastern Film Critics Association, and Kansas City Film Critics Circle. Tarantino was named Best Director by all six of those organizations as well as by the New York Film Critics Circle and Chicago Film Critics Association. The screenplay won several prizes, with various awarding bodies ascribing credit differently. At the Golden Globe Awards, Tarantino, named as sole recipient of the Best Screenplay honor, failed to mention Avary in his acceptance speech.[90] In February 1995, the film received seven Oscar nominations—Best Picture, Director, Actor (Travolta), Supporting Actor (Jackson), Supporting Actress (Thurman), Original Screenplay, and Film Editing. At the ceremony the following month, Tarantino and Avary were announced as joint winners of the Oscar for Best Original Screenplay.[91] The furor around the film was still going strong: much of the March issue of Artforum was devoted to its critical dissection.[92] At the British Academy Film Awards, Tarantino and Avary shared the BAFTA Award for Best Original Screenplay, with Jackson winning for Best Supporting Actor.[93] The National Society of Film Critics or NSFC is an American film critic organization. ... The National Board of Review of Motion Pictures was founded in 1909 in New York City, just 13 years after the birth of cinema, to protest New York City Mayor George McClennans revocation of moving-picture exhibition licenses on Christmas Eve 1908. ... The Los Angeles Film Critics Association (LAFCA) was founded in 1975. ... The Boston Society of Film Critics (BSFC) is organization of film reviewers from Boston, Massachusetts, United States, based publications. ... The Southeastern Film Critics Association (SEFCA) is an organization of film reviewers from publications based in the Southeastern United States. ... New York Film Critics Circle Awards are given annually to honor excellence in cinema worldwide by an organization of film reviewers from New York City-based publications. ... The Chicago Film Critics Association is an American film critic association. ... The Golden Globe Award The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ... // The Academy Award for Writing Original Screenplay is the Academy Award for the best script not based upon previously published material. ... Artforum is an international monthly magazine specializing in contemporary art. ... The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA), is a British organization that hosts annual awards shows for film, television, childrens film and television, and interactive media. ... 2006 - Little Miss Sunshine - Michael Arndt Babel - Guillermo Arriaga El Laberinto del fauno - Guillermo del Toro The Queen - Peter Morgan United 93 - Paul Greengrass 2005 - Crash - Paul Haggis Robert Moresco Good Night, and Good Luck. ... In the British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role actors of all nationalities are eligible to receive the award. ...


Influence and reputation

Pulp Fiction quickly came to be regarded as one of the most significant films of its era. In 1995, in a special edition of Siskel & Ebert devoted to Tarantino, Gene Siskel argued that Pulp Fiction posed a major challenge to the "ossification of American movies with their brutal formulas". In Siskel's view, At the Movies with Ebert & Roeper is a movie review television program featuring film critic Roger Ebert and columnist Richard Roeper, both of the Chicago Sun-Times. ... Eugene Gene Kal Siskel (January 26, 1946 – February 20, 1999) was one of the worlds most successful film critics. ...

the violent intensity of Pulp Fiction calls to mind other violent watershed films that were considered classics in their time and still are. Hitchcock's Psycho [1960], Arthur Penn's Bonnie and Clyde [1967], and Stanley Kubrick's A Clockwork Orange [1971]. Each film shook up a tired, bloated movie industry and used a world of lively lowlifes to reflect how dull other movies had become. And that, I predict, will be the ultimate honor for Pulp Fiction. Like all great films, it criticizes other movies.[94] Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock KBE (August 13, 1899 â€“ April 29, 1980) was an iconic and highly influential British-born film director and producer who pioneered many techniques in the suspense and thriller genres. ... Psycho is a 1960 suspense/horror film directed by auteur Alfred Hitchcock from the screenplay by Joseph Stefano about a psychotic killer. ... Arthur Hiller Penn (born September 27, 1922 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is a film director and producer. ... Bonnie and Clyde is an Academy Award winning 1967 film about Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow, the bank robbers who roamed the central United States during the Great Depression. ... Kubrick redirects here. ... This article is about the film. ...

Ken Dancyger writes that its "imitative and innovative style"—like that of its predecessor, Reservoir Dogs—represents For the video game based on the film, see Reservoir Dogs (video game). ...

a new phenomenon, the movie whose style is created from the context of movie life rather than real life. The consequence is twofold—the presumption of deep knowledge on the part of the audience of those forms such as the gangster films or Westerns, horror films or adventure films. And that the parody or alteration of that film creates a new form, a different experience for the audience.[95] Gangster film is a film genre which features gangster characters, such as members of the Mafia and inner city street gangs. ...

In a widely covered speech on May 31, 1995, Republican presidential candidate Bob Dole attacked the American entertainment industry for peddling "nightmares of depravity". Pulp Fiction was soon associated with his charges concerning gratuitous violence. Dole had not, in fact, mentioned the film; he cited two less celebrated movies based on Tarantino screenplays, Natural Born Killers and True Romance.[96] In September 1996, Dole did accuse Pulp Fiction—which he had not seen—of promoting "the romance of heroin".[97] is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... § Robert Joseph Dole (born July 22, 1923) was a United States Senator from Kansas from 1969-1996, serving part of that time as United States Senate Majority Leader. ... For the song, see Natural Born Killaz. ... True Romance is an American motion picture released in 1993, directed by Tony Scott and written by Quentin Tarantino and Roger Avary. ...


Paula Rabinowitz expresses the general film industry opinion that Pulp Fiction "simultaneously resurrected John Travolta and film noir".[98] In Peter Biskind's description, it created a "guys-with-guns frenzy".[99] The stylistic influence of Pulp Fiction soon became apparent. Less than a year after the picture's release, British critic Jon Ronson attended the National Film School's end-of-semester screenings and assessed the impact: "Out of the five student movies I watched, four incorporated violent shoot-outs over a soundtrack of iconoclastic 70s pop hits, two climaxed with all the main characters shooting each other at once, and one had two hitmen discussing the idiosyncrasies of The Brady Bunch before offing their victim. Not since Citizen Kane has one man appeared from relative obscurity to redefine the art of moviemaking."[100] Among the first Hollywood films cited as its imitators were Destiny Turns on the Radio (1995), in which Tarantino acted,[94] Things To Do in Denver When You're Dead (1995),[101] and 2 Days in the Valley (1996).[102] It "triggered a myriad of clones", writes Fiona Villella.[103] Pulp Fiction's effect on film form was still reverberating in 2007, when David Denby of The New Yorker credited it with initiating the ongoing cycle of disordered cinematic narratives.[104] NFTS Logo The NFTS was established in 1971 and is based at Beaconsfield Studios in Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire, 25 miles west of London, and close to some of the UKs major film studios, such as Pinewood Studios, also in Buckinghamshire. ... The Brady Bunch is an American television situation comedy, based around a large blended family. ... Citizen Kane is a 1941 classic American dramatic film, the first feature film directed by Orson Welles, who also co-authored the screenplay. ... Things to Do in Denver When Youre Dead is a 1995 movie directed by Gary Fleder and written by Scott Rosenberg. ... 2 Days in the Valley is a 1996 movie, directed by John Herzfeld, about 48 hours in the lives of a group of people who are drawn together by a murder. ... David Denby is an author and academic at Dublin City University: Published works Books by David Denby include: Sentimental Narrative and the Social Order in France, 1760-1820, Cambridge University Press, 1994. ... For other uses, see New Yorker. ...


Its impact on Hollywood was deeper still. According to Variety, the trajectory of Pulp Fiction from Cannes launch to commercial smash "forever altered the game" of so-called independent cinema.[105] It "cemented Miramax's place as the reigning indie superpower",[106] writes Biskind. "Pulp became the Star Wars of independents, exploding expectations for what an indie film could do at the box office."[107] The film's large financial return on its small budget Variety is a daily newspaper for the entertainment industry. ... An independent film, or indie film, is a film that is produced outside of the studio system. ... This article is about the series. ...

transform[ed] the industry's attitude toward the lowly indies...spawning a flock of me-too classics divisions.... [S]mart studio executives suddenly woke up to the fact that grosses and market share, which got all the press, were not the same as profits.... Once the studios realized that they could exploit the economies of (small) scale, they more or less gave up buying or remaking the films themselves, and either bought the distributors, as Disney had Miramax, or started their own...copy[ing] Miramax's marketing and distribution strategies.[108]

In 2001, Variety, noting the increasing number of actors switching back and forth between expensive studio films and low-budget independent or indie-style projects, suggested that the "watershed moment for movie stars" came with the decision by Willis—one of Hollywood's highest-paid performers—to appear in Pulp Fiction.[109]


And its impact was even broader than that. It has been described as a "major cultural event", an "international phenomenon" that influenced television, music, literature, and advertising.[103][110] Not long after its release, it was identified as a significant focus of attention within the growing community of Internet users.[111] Adding Pulp Fiction to his roster of "Great Movies" in 2001, Roger Ebert called it "the most influential film of the decade".[112] Four years later, Time's Corliss wrote much the same: "(unquestionably) the most influential American movie of the 90s".[113]

Vincent and Jules Winnfield (Samuel L. Jackson) in their classic pose. This image represents Pulp Fiction on Time's "All-Time 100 Movies" list.
Vincent and Jules Winnfield (Samuel L. Jackson) in their classic pose. This image represents Pulp Fiction on Time's "All-Time 100 Movies" list.

Several scenes and images from the film achieved iconic status; in 2008, Entertainment Weekly declared, "You'd be hard-pressed, by now, to name a moment from Quentin Tarantino's film that isn't iconic."[114] Jules and Vincent's "Royale with Cheese" dialogue became famous.[115] The scene of Travolta and Thurman's characters dancing has been frequently homaged, most unambiguously in the 2005 film Be Cool, starring the same two actors.[116] The image of Travolta and Jackson's characters standing side by side in suit and tie, pointing their guns, has also become widely familiar. In 2007, BBC News reported that "London transport workers have painted over an iconic mural by 'guerrilla artist' Banksy.... The image depicted a scene from Quentin Tarantino's Pulp Fiction, with Samuel L Jackson and John Travolta clutching bananas instead of guns."[117] Certain lines were adopted popularly as catchphrases, in particular Marsellus's threat, "I'm 'a get medieval on your ass."[118] Jules's "Ezekiel" soliloquy was voted the fourth greatest movie speech of all time in a 2004 poll.[119] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Samuel Jackson redirects here. ... Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated EW) is a magazine published by Time Inc. ... Be Cool is a 2005 movie which was adapted from a 1999 novel. ... This article refers to the news department of the British Broadcasting Corporation, for the BBC News Channel see BBC News (TV channel). ... Banksy is a well-known pseudo-anonymous[1] English graffiti artist. ...

Banksy's "famous mural" was painted in 2002 and painted over by municipal workers five years later.[120]

Pulp Fiction now appears in several critical assessments of all-time great films. In 2008, Entertainment Weekly named it the best film of the past quarter-century.[114] That same year, the American Film Institute's "Ten Top Ten" poll ranked it number 7 all-time in the gangster film genre.[121] In 2007, it was voted 94th overall on the AFI's "100 Years...100 Movies" list.[122] In 2005, it was named one of Time's "All-Time 100 Movies".[113] As of June 2008, it is number 9 on Metacritic's list of all-time highest scores.[123] The film ranks very highly in popular surveys. In a 2007 poll of the online film community, Pulp Fiction came in at eleventh all-time.[124] In a 2006 readers' poll by the British magazine Total Film, it ranked as the number 3 film in history.[125] It was voted as the fourth greatest film of all time in a nationwide poll for Britain's Channel 4 in 2001.[126] As of June 2008, it ranks fifth on the IMDb Top 250 List.[127] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Banksy is a well-known pseudo-anonymous[1] English graffiti artist. ... Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated EW) is a magazine published by Time Inc. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Total Film, published by Future Publishing, is the United Kingdoms second best-selling film magazine, after the longer-established Empire from Emap. ... This article is about the British television station. ... For the in-memory database management system, see In-memory database. ...


Critical analysis

Tarantino has stated that he originally planned "to do a Black Mask movie", referring to the magazine largely responsible for popularizing hardboiled detective fiction. "[I]t kind of went somewhere else".[128] Geoffrey O'Brien sees the result as connected "rather powerfully to a parallel pulp tradition: the tales of terror and the uncanny practiced by such writers as Cornell Woolrich [and] Fredric Brown.... Both dealt heavily in the realm of improbable coincidences and cruel cosmic jokes, a realm that Pulp Fiction makes its own."[129] In particular, O'Brien finds a strong affinity between the intricate plot mechanics and twists of Brown's novels and the recursive, interweaving structure of Pulp Fiction.[130] Robert Kolker sees the "flourishes, the apparent witty banality of the dialogue, the goofy fracturing of temporality [as] a patina over a pastiche. The pastiche...is essentially of two films that Tarantino can't seem to get out of his mind: Mean Streets [1973; directed by Martin Scorsese] and The Killing [1956; directed by Stanley Kubrick]."[131] He contrasts Pulp Fiction with postmodern Hollywood predecessors Hudson Hawk (1991; starring Willis) and Last Action Hero (1993; starring Arnold Schwarzenegger) that "took the joke too far...simply mocked or suggested that they were smarter than the audience" and flopped.[132] Todd McCarthy writes that the film's "striking widescreen compositions often contain objects in extreme close-up as well as vivid contrasts, sometimes bringing to mind the visual strategies of Sergio Leone", an acknowledged hero of Tarantino's.[67] To Martin Rubin, the "expansive, brightly colored widescreen visuals" evoke comedy directors such as Frank Tashlin and Blake Edwards.[133] Black Mask was a pulp magazine launched in 1920 by H. L. Mencken and George Jean Nathan. ... Hardboiled crime fiction is a uniquely American style pioneered by Dashiell Hammett, refined by Raymond Chandler, and endlessly imitated since by writers such as Mickey Spillane. ... Cornell George Hopley-Woolrich (December 4, 1903—September 25, 1968) was an American novelist and short story writer. ... Fredric Brown (October 29, 1906, Cincinnati – March 11, 1972) was a science fiction and mystery writer. ... The word pastiche describes a literary or other artistic genre. ... For other uses, see Mean Streets (disambiguation). ... Martin Marcantonio Luciano Scorsese (IPA: AmE: ; Ita: []) (b. ... The Killing (1956) is a film by Stanley Kubrick based on the novel Clean Break by Lionel White. ... Kubrick redirects here. ... Hudson Hawk is a 1991 film, directed by Michael Lehmann. ... Last Action Hero is a 1993 action comedy directed by John McTiernan. ... Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (German IPA: ; born July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-American bodybuilder, Golden Globe-winning actor, businessman and politician currently serving as the 38th Governor of the U.S. state of California. ... Sergio Leone (January 3, 1929 – April 30, 1989) was an Italian film director. ... Frank Tashlin (February 19, 1913 - May 5, 1972) was an animator, screenwriter, and director. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


The movie's host of pop culture allusions, ranging from the famous image of Marilyn Monroe's skirt flying up over a subway grating to Jules addressing "Pumpkin" as "Ringo" because of his English accent, have led many critics to discuss it within the framework of postmodernism. Describing the film in 2005 as Tarantino's "postmodern masterpiece...to date", David Walker writes that it "is marked by its playful reverence for the 1950s...and its constantly teasing and often deferential references to other films". He characterizes its convoluted narrative technique as "postmodern tricksiness".[134] Calling the film a "terminally hip postmodern collage", Foster Hirsch finds Pulp Fiction far from a masterpiece: "authoritative, influential, and meaningless".[135] Catherine Constable takes the moment in which a needle filled with adrenaline is plunged into the comatose Mia's heart as exemplary. She proposes that it "can be seen as effecting her resurrection from the dead, simultaneously recalling and undermining the Gothic convention of the vampire's stake. On this model, the referencing of previous aesthetic forms and styles moves beyond...empty pastiche, sustaining an 'inventive and affirmative' mode of postmodernism."[136] Popular culture (or pop culture) is the widespread cultural elements in any given society that are perpetuated through that societys vernacular language or lingua franca. ... Marilyn Monroe (born Norma Jeane Mortenson;[1] baptised Norma Jeane Baker June 1, 1926 – August 5, 1962), was a Golden Globe-winning,[2] critically-acclaimed[3][4][5] American actress, singer, model, Hollywood icon,[6] cultural icon, fashion icon,[7] pop icon,[8] film executive[9] and sex symbol. ... Postmodernism (sometimes abbreviated Po-mo[1]) is a term originating in architecture, literally after the modern, denoting a style that is more ornamental than modernism, and which borrows from previous architectural styles, often in a playful or ironic fashion. ... Strawberry Hill, an English villa in the Gothic revival style, built by seminal Gothic writer Horace Walpole Gothic fiction is an important genre of literature that combines elements of both horror and romance. ...


Mark T. Conard asks, "[W]hat is the film about?" and answers, "American nihilism."[137] Hirsch suggests, "If the film is actually about anything other than its own cleverness, it seems dedicated to the dubious thesis that hit men are part of the human family."[102] Richard Alleva argues that "Pulp Fiction has about as much to do with actual criminality or violence as Cyrano de Bergerac with the realities of seventeenth-century France or The Prisoner of Zenda with Balkan politics." He reads the movie as a form of romance whose allure is centered in the characters' nonnaturalistic discourse, "wise-guy literate, media-smart, obscenely epigrammatic".[138] In Alan Stone's view, the "absurd dialogue", like that between Vincent and Jules in the scene where the former accidentally kills Marvin, "unexpectedly transforms the meaning of the violence cliché.... Pulp Fiction unmasks the macho myth by making it laughable and deheroicizes the power trip glorified by standard Hollywood violence."[139] Stone reads the film as "politically correct. There is no nudity and no violence directed against women.... [It] celebrates interracial friendship and cultural diversity; there are strong women and strong black men, and the director swims against the current of class stereotype."[139] This article is about the philosophical position. ... Cyrano de Bergerac is a play written in 1897 by Edmond Rostand based on the life of the real Cyrano de Bergerac. ... The Prisoner of Zenda is an adventure novel by Anthony Hope, first published in 1894. ... An epigram is a short poem with a clever twist at the end or a concise and witty statement. ... Political correctness is the alteration of language to redress real or alleged injustices and discrimination or to avoid offense. ...


Where Stone sees a celebration, Kolker finds a vacuum: "The postmodern insouciance, violence, homophobia, and racism of Pulp Fiction were perfectly acceptable because the film didn't pretend seriousness and therefore didn't mock it."[132] Calling it the "acme of postmodern nineties filmmaking", he explains, "the postmodern is about surfaces; it is flattened spatiality in which event and character are in a steady state of reminding us that they are pop-cultural figures."[140] According to Kolker,

That's why Pulp Fiction was so popular. Not because all audiences got all or any of its references to Scorsese and Kubrick, but because the narrative and spatial structure of the film never threatened to go beyond themselves into signification. The film's cycle of racist and homophobic jokes might threaten to break out into a quite nasty view of the world, but this nastiness keeps being laughed off—by the mock intensity of the action, the prowling, confronting, perverse, confined, and airless nastiness of the world Tarantino creates.[141]

Henry A. Giroux argues that Tarantino "empties violence of any critical social consequences, offering viewers only the immediacy of shock, humor, and irony-without-insight as elements of mediation. None of these elements gets beyond the seduction of voyeuristic gazing...[t]he facile consumption of shocking images and hallucinatory delight."[142] Henry Giroux, born September 18, 1943, is a US cultural critic. ...


Homage as essence

Cinema

Pulp Fiction is full of homages to other movies. "Tarantino's characters", writes Gary Groth, "inhabit a world where the entire landscape is composed of Hollywood product. Tarantino is a cinematic kleptomaniac—he literally can't help himself."[143] Two scenes in particular have prompted discussion of the film's highly intertextual style. Many have assumed that the dance sequence at Jack Rabbit Slim's was intended as a reference to Travolta's star-making performance as Tony Manero in the epochal Saturday Night Fever (1977); Tarantino, however, credits a scene in the Jean-Luc Godard film Bande à part (1964) with the inspiration. According to the filmmaker, For a description of the medieval homage ceremony see commendation ceremony Homage is generally used in modern English to mean any public show of respect to someone to whom you feel indebted. ... In the work of Roland Barthes, intertextuality is the concept that the meaning of an artistic work does not reside in that work, but in the viewers. ... Saturday Night Fever is a 1977 movie starring John Travolta as Tony Manero, a troubled Brooklyn youth whose weekend activities are dominated by visits to a Brooklyn discotheque. ... Jean-Luc Godard (French IPA: ) (born 3 December 1930) is a French filmmaker and one of the most influential members of the Nouvelle Vague, or French New Wave. Born to Franco-Swiss parents in Paris, he was educated in Nyon, Switzerland, later studying at the Lycée Rohmer, and the... Bande à Part is French bossa nova group Nouvelle Vagues second album, released in 2006. ...

Everybody thinks that I wrote this scene just to have John Travolta dancing. But the scene existed before John Travolta was cast. But once he was cast, it was like, "Great. We get to see John dance. All the better."... My favorite musical sequences have always been in Godard, because they just come out of nowhere. It's so infectious, so friendly. And the fact that it's not a musical, but he's stopping the movie to have a musical sequence, makes it all the more sweet.[144]

Jerome Charyn argues that, beyond "all the better", Travolta's presence is essential to the power of the scene, and of the film:

Travolta's entire career becomes "backstory", the myth of a movie star who has fallen out of favor, but still resides in our memory as the king of disco. We keep waiting for him to shed his paunch, put on a white polyester suit, and enter the 2001 Odyssey club in Bay Ridge, Brooklyn, where he will dance for us and never, never stop. Daniel Day-Lewis couldn't have woken such a powerful longing in us. He isn't part of America's own mad cosmology.... Tony Manero [is] an angel sitting on Vince's shoulder.... [Vince and Mia's] actual dance may be closer to the choreography of Anna Karina's shuffle with her two bumbling gangster boyfriends in Bande à part, but even that reference is lost to us, and we're with Tony again....[145] In narratology, a back-story (also back story or backstory) is the history behind the situation extant at the start of the main story. ... For the novel, see Anna Karenina. ...

Estella Tincknell notes that while the "diner setting seems to be a simulacrum of a 'fifties' restaurant...the twist contest is a musical sequence which evokes 'the sixties,' while Travolta's dance performance inevitably references 'the seventies' and his appearance in Saturday Night Fever.... The 'past' thus becomes a more general 'pastness' in which the stylistic signifiers of various decades are loaded in to a single moment."[146] She also argues that in this passage the film "briefly shifts from its habitually ironic discourse to one that references the conventions of the classic film musical and in doing so makes it possible for the film to inhabit an affective space that goes beyond stylistic allusion."[146] The musical film is a film genre in which several songs sung by the characters are interwoven into the narrative. ...


The pivotal moment in which Marsellus crosses the street in front of Butch's car and notices him evokes the scene in which Marion Crane's boss sees her under similar circumstances in Psycho.[147] Marsellus and Butch are soon held captive by Maynard and Zed, "two sadistic honkies straight out of Deliverance" (1972), directed by John Boorman.[139] Zed shares a name with Sean Connery's character in Boorman's follow-up, the science-fiction film Zardoz (1974). "Zed's dead" is one of the last lines spoken in that movie; in terms of the narrative chronology, it is the final utterance in Pulp Fiction. When Butch decides to rescue Marsellus, in Glyn White's words, "he finds a trove of items with film-hero resonances".[148] Critics have identified these weapons with a range of possible allusions: Psycho is a 1960 suspense/horror film directed by auteur Alfred Hitchcock from the screenplay by Joseph Stefano about a psychotic killer. ... This article is about the film. ... John Boorman (born January 18, 1933 in Shepperton, Surrey, United Kingdom), is a British filmmaker, currently based in Ireland, best known for his feature films such as Point Blank, Deliverance, Excalibur, and The General. ... Sir Thomas Sean Connery (born August 25, 1930) is an Academy Award-, Golden Globe-, and BAFTA Award-winning Scottish actor and producer who is perhaps best known as the first actor to portray James Bond in cinema, starring in seven Bond films. ... Zardoz is a 1974 science fiction film written, produced, and directed by John Boorman. ...

Butch watches as Marsellus Wallace (Ving Rhames) tells Zed he's going to get worked on with a "pair of pliers and a blowtorch", a line lifted from Charley Varrick.
Butch watches as Marsellus Wallace (Ving Rhames) tells Zed he's going to get worked on with a "pair of pliers and a blowtorch", a line lifted from Charley Varrick.

At the conclusion of the scene, a portentous line of Marsellus's echoes one from the 1973 crime drama Charley Varrick, directed by another of Tarantino's heroes, Don Siegel; the name of the character who speaks it there is Maynard.[150] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Irving Rameses Rhames (born May 12, 1959) is a Golden Globe-winning American actor. ... Movie poster for Charlie Varrick Charley Varrick is a 1973 crime film directed by Don Siegel and starring Walter Matthau, Andrew Robinson and Joe Don Baker. ... The Toolbox Murders is a 1978 horror film starring Cameron Mitchell, Pamelyn Ferdin, and Weslyn Eure. ... Walking Tall is a 1973 semi-biopic of Sheriff Buford Pusser, a former professional wrestler-turned lawman in McNairy County, Tennessee. ... The Untouchables is a 1987 film, directed by Brian De Palma, based on the 1959 ABC television series, which, in turn, was based on Eliot Nesss autobiographical account of his efforts to bring Al Capone to justice. ... This article is about the 1974 film. ... Evil Dead II (also known as Evil Dead 2: Dead by Dawn or The Sequel to the Ultimate Experience in Grueling Terror) is an American horror film, released in 1987 . ... For other uses, see Katana (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Seven Samurai (disambiguation). ... A powerful film written by Paul Schrader and Robert Towne and directed by Sydney Pollack, The Yakuza takes an in depth look at Japan as seen from western eyes. ... Shogun Assassin (known in Japan as Kozure Ōkami 子連れ狼) is a very violent jidaigeki movie made for the American market and released in 1980. ... Movie poster for Charlie Varrick Charley Varrick is a 1973 crime film directed by Don Siegel and starring Walter Matthau, Andrew Robinson and Joe Don Baker. ... Don Siegel (October 26, 1912 - April 20, 1991) was an influential American film director. ...


David Bell argues that far from going against the "current of class stereotype", this scene, like Deliverance, "mobilize[s] a certain construction of poor white country folk—and particularly their sexualization...'rustic sexual expression often takes the form of homosexual rape' in American movies."[151] Stephen Paul Miller believes the Pulp Fiction scene goes down much easier than the one it echoes: "The buggery perpetrated is not at all as shocking as it was in Deliverance.... The nineties film reduces seventies competition, horror, and taboo into an entertainingly subtle adrenaline play—a fiction, a pulp fiction."[152] Giroux reads the rape scene homage similarly: "in the end Tarantino's use of parody is about repetition, transgression, and softening the face of violence by reducing it to the property of film history."[153] In Groth's view, the crucial difference is that "in Deliverance the rape created the film's central moral dilemma whereas in Pulp Fiction it was merely 'the single weirdest day of [Butch's] life.'"[154]


Neil Fulwood focuses on Butch's weapon selection, writing, "Here, Tarantino's love of movies is at its most open and nonjudgemental, tipping a nod to the noble and the notorious, as well as sending up his own reputation as an enfant terrible of movie violence. Moreover, the scene makes a sly comment about the readiness of cinema to seize upon whatever is to hand for its moments of mayhem and murder."[149] White asserts that "the katana he finally, and significantly, selects identifies him with...honourable heroes."[148] Conard argues that the first three items symbolize a nihilism that Butch is rejecting. The traditional Japanese sword, in contrasts, represents a culture with a well-defined moral code and thus connects Butch with a more meaningful approach to life.[155] An enfant terrible, from the French meaning terrible child, is one whose startlingly unconventional behavior, work, or thought embarrasses or disturbs others. ... For other uses, see Honour (disambiguation). ... Japanese culture and language Japans isolation until the arrival of the Black Ships and the Meiji era produced a culture distinctively different from any other, and echoes of this uniqueness persist today. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Morality. ...


Television

Robert Miklitsch argues that "Tarantino's telephilia" may be more central to the guiding sensibility of Pulp Fiction than the filmmaker's love for rock 'n' roll and even cinema:

Talking about his generation, one that came of age in the '70s, Tarantino has commented that the "number one thing we all shared wasn't music, that was a Sixties thing. Our culture was television." A random list of the TV programs referenced in Pulp Fiction confirms his observation: Speed Racer, Clutch Cargo, The Brady Bunch, The Partridge Family, The Avengers, The Three Stooges, The Flintstones, I Spy, Green Acres, Kung Fu, Happy Days, and last but not least, Mia's fictional pilot, Fox Force Five.[156] For the 2008 film, see Speed Racer (film). ... Clutch Cargo is an animated television series produced by Cambria Productions and syndicated beginning on March 9, 1959. ... The Brady Bunch is an American television situation comedy, based around a large blended family. ... The Partridge Family was an American television sitcom about a widowed mother and her five children living in San Pueblo, a small fictional town in Northern California, originally broadcast on ABC from 1970 to 1974. ... The Avengers is a British 1960s television series featuring secret agents in a fantasy 1960s Britain. ... The Three Stooges was an American comedy act in the 20th century. ... The Flintstones is an animated American television sitcom which ran from 1960 to 1966 on ABC. Produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions, The Flintstones is about a working class Stone Age mans life with his family and his next door neighbor and best friend. ... The I-SPY books were spotters guides written for British children, and particularly successful in the 1950s and 60s. ... This article is about the television series. ... Kung Fu (1972-1975) was an award-winning American television series which starred David Carradine. ... For other uses, see Happy Days (disambiguation). ...

"The above list, with the possible exception of The Avengers," writes Miklitsch, "suggests that Pulp Fiction has less of an elective affinity with the cinematic avant-gardism of Godard than with mainstream network programming."[157] Jonathan Rosenbaum had brought TV into his analysis of the Tarantino/Godard comparison, acknowledging that the directors were similar in wanting to cram everything they like onscreen: "But the differences between what Godard likes and what Tarantino likes and why are astronomical; it's like comparing a combined museum, library, film archive, record shop, and department store with a jukebox, a video-rental outlet, and an issue of TV Guide."[85] TV Guide is the name of two North American weekly magazines about television programming, one in the United States and one in Canada. ...


Sharon Willis focuses on the way a television show (Clutch Cargo) marks the beginning of, and plays on through, the scene between young Butch and his father's comrade-in-arms. The Vietnam War veteran is played by Christopher Walken, whose presence in the role evokes his performance as a traumatized G.I. in the 1978 Vietnam War movie The Deer Hunter. Willis writes that "when Captain Koons enters the living room, we see Walken in his function as an image retrieved from a repertoire of 1970s television and movie versions of ruined masculinity in search of rehabilitation.... [T]he gray light of the television presiding over the scene seems to inscribe the ghostly paternal gaze."[158] Miklitsch asserts that, for some critics, the film is a "prime example of the pernicious ooze-like influence of mass culture exemplified by their bête noire: TV."[157] Kolker might not disagree, arguing that "Pulp Fiction is a simulacrum of our daily exposure to television; its homophobes, thugs and perverts, sentimental boxers and pimp promoters move through a series of long-take tableaux: we watch, laugh, and remain with nothing to comprehend."[141] For other uses, see Deer Hunter. ... Manliness redirects here. ...


Notable motifs

The mysterious briefcase

Vincent gazes into the glowing case.
Vincent gazes into the glowing case.

The combination of the mysterious suitcase is 666, the "number of the beast". Tarantino has said that there is no explanation for its contents—it is simply a MacGuffin, a pure plot device. Originally, the case was to contain diamonds, but this was seen as too mundane. For filming purposes, it contained a hidden orange light bulb that produced an otherworldly glow.[159] In a 2007 video interview with fellow director and friend Robert Rodriguez, Tarantino "reveals" the secret contents of the briefcase, but the film cuts out and skips the scene in the style employed in Tarantino and Rodriguez's Grindhouse, with an intertitle that reads "Missing Reel". The interview resumes with Rodriguez discussing how radically the "knowledge" of the briefcase's contents alters one's understanding of the movie.[160] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Number of the Beast (disambiguation). ... This article is about the plot device. ... A plot device is an element introduced into a story to solely to advance or resolve the plot of the story. ... For the American composer born 1946, see Robert Xavier Rodriguez. ... Grindhouse is a 2007 anthology film co-written, produced and directed by Robert Rodriguez and Quentin Tarantino. ...

Lily Carver, aka Gabrielle (Gaby Rodgers), gazes into the glowing case in Kiss Me Deadly.
Lily Carver, aka Gabrielle (Gaby Rodgers), gazes into the glowing case in Kiss Me Deadly.

Despite Tarantino's statements, many solutions to this "unexplained postmodern puzzle" have been proposed.[74] A strong similarity has often been observed with the 1955 film noir Kiss Me Deadly (and by extension, the 1984 film Repo Man). That movie, whose protagonist Tarantino has cited as a source for Butch, features a glowing briefcase housing an atomic explosive.[161] In scholar Paul Gormley's view, this connection with Kiss Me Deadly, and a similar one with Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981), makes it possible to read the eerie glow as symbolic of violence itself.[162] To Susan Fraiman, the unseen contents represent "defended, mystified, male interiority. Much valued, much vaunted, and never finally shown, this radiant, indefinable softness is locked within a hard, exterior shell. Even Jules, who wants to lose the baggage of a barricaded self, walks out of the movie clutching it still."[163] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Gaby Rodgers is an actress and theatre director. ... This article is about the 1955 film. ... Two silhouetted figures in The Big Combo (1955). ... This article is about the 1955 film. ... This article is about the film. ...


Jules's Bible passage

Jules ritually recites what he describes as a biblical passage, Ezekiel 25:17, before he executes someone. We hear the passage three times—in the introductory sequence in which Jules and Vincent reclaim Marsellus's briefcase from the doomed Brett; that same recitation a second time, at the beginning of "The Bonnie Situation", which overlaps the end of the earlier sequence; and in the epilogue at the diner. The first version of the passage is as follows: Book Of Ezekiel is rapper Freekey Zekeys debut album and debut on Diplomat Records/Asylum. ...

The path of the righteous man is beset on all sides by the inequities of the selfish and the tyranny of evil men. Blessed is he who in the name of charity and goodwill shepherds the weak through the valley of darkness, for he is truly his brother's keeper and the finder of lost children. And I will strike down upon thee with great vengeance and furious anger those who attempt to poison and destroy my brothers. And you will know my name is the Lord when I lay my vengeance upon thee.

The second version is identical except for the final line: "And you will know I am the Lord when I lay my vengeance upon you."

Jules delivers the famous pronouncement before killing Brett.
Jules delivers the famous pronouncement before killing Brett.

While the final two sentences of Jules's speech are similar to the actual cited passage, the first two are fabricated from various biblical phrases.[164] The text of Ezekiel 25 preceding verse 17 indicates that God's wrath is retribution for the hostility of the Philistines. In the King James version from which Jules's speech is adapted, Ezekiel 25:17 reads in its entirety, "And I will execute great vengeance upon them with furious rebukes; and they shall know that I am the LORD, when I shall lay my vengeance upon them."[165] Tarantino's primary inspiration for the speech was the work of Japanese martial arts star Sonny Chiba. Its text derives from an almost identical creed used in either or both the Chiba movies Bodigaado Kiba (Bodyguard Kiba or The Bodyguard; 1973) and Karate Kiba (The Bodyguard; 1976).[166] In the 1980s television series Kage no Gundan (Shadow Warriors), Chiba's character would lecture the villain-of-the-week about how the world must be rid of evil before killing him.[167] A killer delivers a similar biblical rant in Modesty Blaise, the hardback but pulp-style novel Vincent is shown with in two scenes.[168] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (836x368, 29 KB) This is a screenshot of a copyrighted website, video game graphic, computer program graphic, television broadcast, or film. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (836x368, 29 KB) This is a screenshot of a copyrighted website, video game graphic, computer program graphic, television broadcast, or film. ... The historic Philistines (see note Philistines below) were a people that inhabited the southern coast of Canaan around the time of the arrival of the Israelites, their territory being named Philistia in later contexts. ... King James Version redirects here. ... Martial arts film is a film genre that originated in the Pacific Rim. ... Shinichi Chiba ), also known as Sonny Chiba (born January 23, 1939) in Fukuoka, Japan is a Japanese actor. ... Karate Kiba is a martial-arts film starring Sonny Chiba, released in 1976. ... Modesty Blaise is the title of an action-adventure/spy fiction novel by Peter ODonnell which was first published in 1965, featuring the character Modesty Blaise which ODonnell had created for a comic strip in 1963. ...


Two critics who have analyzed the role of the speech find different ties between Jules's transformation and the issue of postmodernity. Gormley argues that unlike the film's other major characters—Marsellus aside—Jules is Postmodernity (also called post-modernity or the postmodern condition) is a term used to describe the social and cultural implications of postmodernism. ...

linked to a "thing" beyond postmodern simulation.... [T]his is perhaps most marked when he moves on from being a simulation of a Baptist preacher, spouting Ezekiel because it was "just a cool thing to say...." In his conversion, Jules is shown to be cognizant of a place beyond this simulation, which, in this case, the film constructs as God.[169]

Adele Reinhartz writes that the "depth of Jules's transformation" is indicated by the difference in his two deliveries of the passage: "In the first, he is a majestic and awe-inspiring figure, proclaiming the prophecy with fury and self-righteousness.... In the second...he appears to be a different sort of man altogether.... [I]n true postmodern fashion, [he] reflects on the meaning of his speech and provides several different ways that it might pertain to his current situation."[170] Similar to Gormley, Conard argues that as Jules reflects on the passage, it dawns on him "that it refers to an objective framework of value and meaning that is absent from his life"; to Conard, this contrasts with the film's prevalent representation of a nihilistic culture.[171] Rosenbaum finds much less in Jules's revelation: "[T]he spiritual awakening at the end of Pulp Fiction, which Jackson performs beautifully, is a piece of jive avowedly inspired by kung-fu movies. It may make you feel good, but it certainly doesn't leave you any wiser."[172] Adele Reinhartz is a Canadian academic and a specialist in the history and literature of early Christianity and Judaism. ... A spiritual awakening is a religious experience involving a realization or opening to a sacred dimension of reality. ...


The bathroom

Pulp Fiction is the most extreme example of Tarantino's inclination for featuring bathrooms and toilet references.[173] At Jack Rabbit Slim's, Mia goes to "powder her nose"—literally; she snorts coke in the restroom, surrounded by a bevy of women vainly primping. Butch and Fabienne play an extended scene in their motel bathroom, he in the shower, she brushing her teeth; the next morning, but just a few seconds later in screen time, there she is again, brushing her teeth. As Jules and Vincent confront Brett and two of his pals, a fourth man is hiding by the toilet—his actions will lead to Jules's transformative "moment of clarity". After Marvin's absurd death, Vincent and Jules wash up in Jimmie's bathroom, where they get into a contretemps over a bloody hand towel.[104] When the diner hold-up turns into a Mexican standoff, "Honey Bunny" whines, "I gotta go pee!"[174] For other uses, see Cocaine (disambiguation). ... A photomanipulation depicting a mexican standoff. ...


As described by Peter and Will Brooker, "In three significant moments Vincent retires to the bathroom [and] returns to an utterly changed world where death is threatened."[175] The threat increases in magnitude as the narrative progresses chronologically, and is realized in the third instance:

Vincent reads Modesty Blaise in the final scene (but number 1 in the chronology to the left).
Vincent reads Modesty Blaise in the final scene (but number 1 in the chronology to the left).
  1. Vincent and Jules’s diner breakfast and philosophical conversation is aborted by an armed robbery while Vincent is reading on the toilet.
  2. While Vincent is in the bathroom worrying about the possibility of going too far with Marsellus's wife, Mia mistakes his heroin for cocaine, snorts it, and overdoses.
  3. During a stakeout at Butch’s apartment, Vincent emerges from the toilet with his book and is killed by Butch.

In the Brookers' analysis, "Through Vince...we see the contemporary world as utterly contingent, transformed, disastrously, in the instant you are not looking."[175] Fraiman finds it particularly significant that Vincent is reading Modesty Blaise in two of these instances. She links this fact with the traditional derisive view of women as "the archetypal consumers of pulp": Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article is an overview of the character and the comic strip/film/novel franchise. ...

Locating popular fiction in the bathroom, Tarantino reinforces its association with shit, already suggested by the dictionary meanings of "pulp" that preface the movie: moist, shapeless matter; also, lurid stories on cheap paper. What we have then is a series of damaging associations—pulp, women, shit—that taint not only male producers of mass-market fiction but also male consumers. Perched on the toilet with his book, Vincent is feminized by sitting instead of standing as well as by his trashy tastes; preoccupied by the anal, he is implicitly infantilized and homosexualized; and the seemingly inevitable result is being pulverized by Butch with a Czech M61 submachine gun. That this fate has to do with Vincent's reading habits is strongly suggested by a slow tilt from the book on the floor directly up to the corpse spilled into the tub.[176]

Willis reads Pulp Fiction in almost precisely the opposite direction, finding "its overarching project as a drive to turn shit into gold. This is one way of describing the project of redeeming and recycling popular culture, especially the popular culture of one's childhood, as is Tarantino's wont as well as his stated aim."[158] Despite that, argues Fraiman, "Pulp Fiction demonstrates...that even an open pulpophile like Tarantino may continue to feel anxious and emasculated by his preferences."[174]


Awards

Pulp Fiction won the following major honors:[91][93][66][177][178]

  Category — Recipient(s)
Academy Awards

Best Original ScreenplayQuentin Tarantino and Roger Avary Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... // The Academy Award for Writing Original Screenplay is the Academy Award for the best script not based upon previously published material. ... Quentin Jerome Tarantino (born March 27, 1963) is an Academy Award- and Palme dOr-winning American film director, screenwriter and actor. ... Roger Avary, photographed for Score Magazine at the Hotel Costes K, Paris. ...

BAFTA Awards

Best Supporting ActorSamuel L. Jackson
Best Original Screenplay — Quentin Tarantino/Roger Avary The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA), is a British organization that hosts annual awards shows for film, television, childrens film and television, and interactive media. ... In the British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role actors of all nationalities are eligible to receive the award. ... Samuel Jackson redirects here. ... 2006 - Little Miss Sunshine - Michael Arndt Babel - Guillermo Arriaga El Laberinto del fauno - Guillermo del Toro The Queen - Peter Morgan United 93 - Paul Greengrass 2005 - Crash - Paul Haggis Robert Moresco Good Night, and Good Luck. ...

Cannes Film Festival

Palme d'OrPulp Fiction (Quentin Tarantino, director) The Cannes Film Festival (French: le Festival de Cannes), founded in 1939, is one of the worlds oldest, most influential and prestigious film festivals. ... Palme dOr The Palme dOr (Golden Palm) is the highest prize given to a film at the Cannes Film Festival. ...

Golden Globe Awards

Best Screenplay (Motion Picture) — Quentin Tarantino The Golden Globe Award The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ...

National Society of Film Critics

Best Film — Pulp Fiction (Quentin Tarantino, director)
Best Director — Quentin Tarantino
Best Screenplay — Quentin Tarantino and Roger Avary The National Society of Film Critics or NSFC is an American film critic organization. ... The National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Picture is an annual award given by National Society of Film Critics to honor the best film of the year. ... The National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Director is an annual award given by National Society of Film Critics to honor the best film director of the year. ...

It also received the following nominations:[91][93][177]

  Category — Nominee(s)
Academy Awards

Best Picture (Lawrence Bender, producer) | Best Director (Quentin Tarantino)
Best Actor (John Travolta)
Best Supporting Actress (Uma Thurman)| Best Supporting Actor (Samuel L. Jackson)| Best Film Editing (Sally Menke) ©A.M.P.A.S.® The Academy Award for Best Motion Picture is one of the Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to artists working in the motion picture industry. ... Lawrence Bender Lawrence Bender (born 1957 in The Bronx) is an American film producer. ... The Academy Award for Directing is one of the awards given to directors working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. ... Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role is one of the Academy Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to recognize an actor who has delivered an outstanding performance while working within the film industry. ... Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role is one of the Academy Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to recognize an actress who has delivered an outstanding performance while working within the film industry. ... Uma Karuna Thurman (born April 29, 1970) is an Academy Award-nominated American actress. ... The Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor is one of the awards given to male actors working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; nominations are made by Academy members who are actors and actresses. ... The Academy Award for Film Editing was first given for films issued in 1934. ... Sally Menke is the film editor of all of Quentin Tarantinos movies. ...

BAFTA Awards

Best Film (Lawrence Bender/Quentin Tarantino) | Achievement in Direction (Quentin Tarantino)
Best Actress in a Leading Role (Uma Thurman) | Best Actor in a Leading Role (John Travolta)
Best Cinematography (Andrzej Sekula) | Best Editing (Sally Menke) | Best Sound (Stephen Hunter Flick/Ken King/Rick Ash/David Zupancic) This page lists the winners and nominees for the BAFTA Award for Best Film, BAFTA Award for Best Film not in the English Language and Alexander Korda Award for Best British Film for each year, in addition to the retired earlier versions of those awards. ... Winners of the BAFTA Award for Best Direction presented by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts. ... The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role has been presented to its winners since 1952 and actresses of all nationalities are eligible to receive the award. ... The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role has been presented to its winners since 1952 and actors of all nationalities are eligible to receive the award. ... // 2006 - Children of Men - Emmanuel Lubezki Babel – Rodrigo Prieto Casino Royale – Phil Meheux El Laberinto del fauno – Guillermo Navarro United 93 – Barry Ackroyd 2005 - Memoirs of a Geisha - Dion Beebe Brokeback Mountain – Rodrigo Prieto The Constant Gardener – César Charlone Crash – J. Michael Muro La Marche de lempereur – Laurent... Andrzej Sekula (born 1954 in Wroclaw, Poland) is a Polish cinematographer and film director. ... 2006 - United 93 - Clare Douglas Christopher Rouse Richard Pearson Babel - Stephen Mirrione Douglas Crise The Departed - Thelma Schoonmaker Casino Royale - Stuart Baird The Queen - Lucia Zucchetti 2005 - The Constant Gardener - Claire Simpson Crash - Hughes Winborne Brokeback Mountain - Geraldine Peroni Dylan Tichenor Good Night and Good Luck - Stephen Mirrione La Marche... 2006 - Casino Royale - Chris Munro Eddy Joseph Mike Prestwood Smith Martin Cantwell Mark Taylor Babel – José Antonio García Jon Taylor Christian P. Minkler Martín Hernández El Laberinto del fauno – Martín Hernández Jaime Baksht Miguel Ángel Polo Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Mans Chest – Christopher...

Golden Globe Awards

Best Motion Picture (Drama) (Lawrence Bender) | Best Director (Motion Picture) (Quentin Tarantino)
Best Actor (Motion Picture—Drama) (John Travolta)
Best Supporting Actor (Motion Picture) (Samuel L. Jackson) | Best Supporting Actress (Motion Picture) (Uma Thurman) Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture - Drama has been awarded annually since 1944 by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association. ... Golden Globe Award for Best Director - Motion Picture has been awarded annually since 1944 by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association. ...

In the balloting by the National Society of Film Critics, Samuel L. Jackson was the runner-up in both the Best Actor and the Best Supporting Actor categories.[178] The National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor is an annual award given by the National Society of Film Critics to honour the best leading actor of the year. ... The National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor is an annual film award given by the National Society of Film Critics. ...


Notes

  1. ^ "Pulp Fiction: The Facts" (2002 studio interview), Pulp Fiction DVD (Buena Vista Home Entertainment).
  2. ^ a b Biskind (2004), p. 189.
  3. ^ See, e.g., King (2002), pp. 185–7; Kempley, Rita (1994-10-14). Pulp Fiction (R). Washington Post. Retrieved on 2007-09-19.; LaSalle, Mike (1995-09-15). Pulp Grabs You Like a Novel. San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved on 2007-09-20.
  4. ^ See, e.g., Waxman (2005), p. 64; Silver and Ursini (2004), p. 65; Real (1996), p. 122.
  5. ^ O'Brien (1994), p. 90.
  6. ^ Christopher (2006), p. 240. See also Rubin (1999), pp. 174–5.
  7. ^ Hirsch (1997), pp. 359, 360.
  8. ^ a b "Pulp Fiction: The Facts" (1993 location interview), Pulp Fiction DVD (Buena Vista Home Entertainment).
  9. ^ Enhanced Trivia Track, ch. 24, Pulp Fiction DVD (Buena Vista Home Entertainment).
  10. ^ Waxman (2005), p. 71.
  11. ^ Biskind (2004), p. 129.
  12. ^ a b Enhanced Trivia Track, ch. 14, Pulp Fiction DVD (Buena Vista Home Entertainment).
  13. ^ a b Biskind (2004), p. 167; Dawson (1995), pp. 144–6; MacInnis, Craig. "Heavyweight Tarantino Won't Be Taken Lightly", Toronto Star, October 8, 1994.
  14. ^ Quoted in Lowry, Beverly. "Criminals Rendered in 3 Parts, Poetically", New York Times, September 11, 1994.
  15. ^ "Pulp Fiction: The Facts" (1994 promotional interview), Pulp Fiction DVD (Buena Vista Home Entertainment).
  16. ^ Dawson (1995), p. 139.
  17. ^ Enhanced Trivia Track, ch. 22, Pulp Fiction DVD (Buena Vista Home Entertainment).
  18. ^ Enhanced Trivia Track, ch. 13, Pulp Fiction DVD (Buena Vista Home Entertainment).
  19. ^ Wells, Jeffrey (1996-07-12). Searching for a Big Kahuna Burger. SouthCoast Today. Retrieved on 2007-09-19.
  20. ^ Charyn (2006), p. 65; Dawson (1995), p. 147. The published version of the screenplay identifies its basis as "May 1993/last draft," incorporating brief revisions made in August, September, and October (Tarantino [1994], n.p.)
  21. ^ Dawson (1995), p. 140.
  22. ^ Dawson (1995), p. 146. Biskind (2004) says $1 million (p. 167). Polan (2000) says "close to a million dollars" (p. 68). Enhanced Trivia Track, Pulp Fiction DVD, says $900,000 (ch. 14).
  23. ^ a b Dawson (1995), p. 148.
  24. ^ TriStar Pictures Slate for 1993. Variety (1993-02-05). Retrieved on 2007-09-21.
  25. ^ Biskind (2004), p. 168.
  26. ^ Polan (2000), pp. 68–69; Biskind (2004), pp. 167–8.
  27. ^ Biskind (2004), pp. 168–9.
  28. ^ Waxman (2005), p. 67; Biskind (2004), p. 170; Polan (2000), p. 69; Dawson (1995), pp. 147, 148.
  29. ^ Dawson (1995), p. 149.
  30. ^ Polan (2000), p. 69; Dawson (1995), p. 148. The New York Times reported, "Most of the actors received relatively small salaries along with a percentage of the profits." Weinraub, Bernard (1994-09-22). A Film Maker and the Art of the Deal. New York Times. Retrieved on 2007-10-08.
  31. ^ Biskind (2004), p. 170. Tarantino claims the overseas sales were due to his own name; see Dawson (1995), p. 173.
  32. ^ Polan (2000), pp. 69, 70.
  33. ^ Enhanced Trivia Track, ch. 8, Pulp Fiction DVD (Buena Vista Home Entertainment).
  34. ^ a b Dargis, Manohla. "Quentin Tarantino on Pulp Fiction", Sight and Sound, November 1994.
  35. ^ Polan (2000), p. 69; Dawson (1995), p. 159.
  36. ^ Dawson (1995), pp. 159–60.
  37. ^ Hoffman (2005), p. 46.
  38. ^ Dawson (1995), p. 164.
  39. ^ a b Biskind (2004), p. 170.
  40. ^ Bhattacharya, Sanjiv (2004-04-18). Mr Blonde's Ambition. Guardian. Retrieved on 2006-12-27.
  41. ^ Charyn (2006), p. 68.
  42. ^ For $100,000, see e.g., Enhanced Trivia Track, ch. 3, Pulp Fiction DVD (Buena Vista Home Entertainment). For $140,000, see e.g., Wills, Dominic. John Travolta Biography. Tiscali. Retrieved on 2006-12-27. Note again that all the main actors were paid identical weekly salaries. It appears that these figures cited for Travolta do not include his participation, if any, in the film's profits.
  43. ^ Dawson (1995), p. 154; Enhanced Trivia Track, ch. 5, Pulp Fiction DVD (Buena Vista Home Entertainment).
  44. ^ Enhanced Trivia Track, ch. 3, Pulp Fiction DVD (Buena Vista Home Entertainment).
  45. ^ a b Gleiberman, Owen (1994-10-10). Pulp Fiction (1994). Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved on 2007-09-20.
  46. ^ a b Dawson (1995), p. 155.
  47. ^ Wills, Dominic. Uma Thurman Biography. Tiscali. Retrieved on 2006-12-29.
  48. ^ Quoted in Dargis (1994), p. 10.
  49. ^ Bart (2000), p. 85. Willis's deal for a percentage of the box office gross was presumably on top of a base weekly salary that was identical to the other main actors', per Polan (2000), p. 69; Dawson (1995), p. 148.
  50. ^ Quoted in Dargis (1994), p. 10. As for Willis himself, "He reminds me of Aldo Ray in Jacques Tourneur's Nightfall [1956]. I told him I could imagine Aldo Ray being great as Butch and he said, 'Yeah, I like Aldo Ray, that's a good idea.' So I said let's go for that whole look" (ibid.). Other sources have claimed that Butch was patterned after Ray's Nightfall role—Brooker and Brooker (1996), p. 234; Polan (1999), p. 23. Tarantino's one public statement on the topic, quoted here, is clearly devoted to Butch's look and not his personality.
  51. ^ Enhanced Trivia Track, ch. 23, Pulp Fiction DVD (Buena Vista Home Entertainment).
  52. ^ Charyn (2006), p. 73.
  53. ^ Dawson, Jeff (December 1995). Hit Man. Empire. Retrieved on 2006-12-29.
  54. ^ Ving Rhames Biography. All Movie Guide. New York Times. Retrieved on 2006-12-29.
  55. ^ Wenn (2006-09-20). Cobain Turned Down "Pulp Fiction" Role. Hollywood.com. Retrieved on 2007-09-16.
  56. ^ Enhanced Trivia Track, ch. 6, Pulp Fiction DVD (Buena Vista Home Entertainment). See also Rabin, Nathan (2003-06-25). Interviews: Pam Grier. Onion. A.V. Club. Retrieved on 2007-09-20.
  57. ^ Dawson (1995), p. 189.
  58. ^ Dawson (1995), p. 162.
  59. ^ Enhanced Trivia Track, chs. 1, 2, Pulp Fiction DVD (Buena Vista Home Entertainment).
  60. ^ Pulp Fiction: Charts & Awards/Billboard Albums. AllMusic.com. Retrieved on 2006-12-26.
  61. ^ Pulp Fiction: Charts & Awards/Billboard Singles. AllMusic.com. Retrieved on 2007-09-14.
  62. ^ Tincknell (2006), p. 139.
  63. ^ Charyn (2006), p. 96.
  64. ^ Biskind (2004), p. 174.
  65. ^ a b Maslin, Janet (1994-09-23). Pulp Fiction: Quentin Tarantino's Wild Ride On Life's Dangerous Road. New York Times. Retrieved on 2007-09-11.
  66. ^ a b All the Awards—Festival 1994. Cannes Festival. Retrieved on 2007-09-14.
  67. ^ a b McCarthy, Todd (1994-05-23). Pulp Fiction. Variety. Retrieved on 2007-09-20.
  68. ^ Dawson (1995), p. 173.
  69. ^ Pulp Fiction. Variety. Retrieved on 2007-09-20.
  70. ^ I'm As Serious As a Heart Attack. Entertainment Weekly (1994-11-04). Retrieved on 2007-09-20.
  71. ^ Dawson (1995), p. 171.
  72. ^ Biskind (2004), p. 189; Waxman (2005), p. 78; Pulp Fiction. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved on 2006-12-29. Box Office Mojo gives $106 million in foreign grosses for a worldwide total of $213.9 million; Biskind and Waxman apparently concur that $105m/$212.9m are the correct figures.
  73. ^ 1994 Domestic Grosses. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved on 2007-09-12.
  74. ^ a b Real (1996), p. 259.
  75. ^ Rose, Andy (Winter 2004). 10 Years of MovieMaker, 10 Years of Indie Film Growth. MovieMaker. Retrieved on 2007-09-21.
  76. ^ Dawson, pp. 171, 13.
  77. ^ Ebert, Roger (1994-10-14). Pulp Fiction. Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved on 2007-09-12.
  78. ^ Corliss, Richard (1994-10-10). A Blast to the Heart. Time. Retrieved on 2007-09-11.
  79. ^ Ansen, David. "The Redemption of Pulp", Newsweek, October 10, 1994.
  80. ^ Travers, Peter. "Pulp Fiction", Rolling Stone, October 6, 1994.
  81. ^ Pulp Fiction (1994). Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved on 2006-12-29.
  82. ^ Pulp Fiction. Metacritic. Retrieved on 2006-12-29.
  83. ^ Turan, Kenneth. "Quentin Tarantino's Gangster Rap", Los Angeles Times, October 14, 1994.
  84. ^ Kauffman, Stanley. "Shooting Up", New Republic, November 14, 1994.
  85. ^ a b Rosenbaum, Jonathan. "Allusion Profusion (Ed Wood, Pulp Fiction)", Chicago Reader, October 21, 1994.
  86. ^ Simon, John (1994-11-21). Pulp Fiction. National Review. Retrieved on 2007-10-08.
  87. ^ Britt, Donna. "Let's Lose the Gory 'Gulp' Fiction", Washington Post, October 25, 1994.
  88. ^ Boyd, Todd. "Tarantino's Mantra?" Chicago Tribune, November 6, 1994. See also Willis (1997), pp. 211, 213, 256 n. 39.
  89. ^ Wood, James. Guardian, November 12, 1994.
  90. ^ Biskind (2004), p. 206.
  91. ^ a b c Academy Awards for Pulp Fiction. AMPAS. Retrieved on 2006-12-29.
  92. ^ Charyn (2006), p. 87.
  93. ^ a b c Film Winners 1990–1999. BAFTA. Retrieved on 2006-12-29.
  94. ^ a b "Pulp Faction: The Tarantino Generation", Siskel & Ebert, Pulp Fiction DVD (Buena Vista Home Entertainment).
  95. ^ Dancyger (2002), p. 228.
  96. ^ Janofsky, Michael (1995-06-04). Reviews by Weekend Moviegoers Are In. Dole Gets a Thumbs Down. New York Times. Retrieved on 2007-10-08. Lacayo, Richard (1995-06-12). Violent Reaction. Time. Retrieved on 2007-10-08.
  97. ^ Gorman, Steven J. (1996-08-19). Dole Takes on Drug Issue: Clinton Faulted for 'Naked' Lack of Leadership. Daily News. Retrieved on 2007-10-08.
  98. ^ Rabinowitz (2002), p. 15.
  99. ^ Biskind (2004), p. 258.
  100. ^ Quoted in Dawson (1995), p. 207.
  101. ^ Rosenbaum, Jonathan. "The World According to Harvey and Bob (Smoke, The Glass Shield)", Chicago Reader, June 16, 1995.
  102. ^ a b Hirsch (1997), p. 360.
  103. ^ a b Villella, Fiona A. (January 2000). Circular Narratives: Highlights of Popular Cinema in the '90s. Senses of Cinema. Retrieved on 2006-12-31.
  104. ^ a b Denby, David (2007-03-05). The New Disorder. The New Yorker. Retrieved on 2007-09-20.
  105. ^ Elley, Derek (2006-05-14). Who Launched Whom?. Variety. Retrieved on 2007-09-18.
  106. ^ Biskind (2004), p. 189.
  107. ^ Biskind (2004), p. 195.
  108. ^ Biskind (2004), p. 193.
  109. ^ Koehler, Robert (2001-03-07). For Art's Sake. Variety. Retrieved on 2007-09-21.
  110. ^ Samuels, Mark (2006-11-08). Pulp Fiction. Total Film. Retrieved on 2007-09-21. For musical influence, see, e.g., Sarig, Roni (1996). Fun Lovin' Criminals—Come Find Yourself. Rolling Stone. Retrieved on 2007-10-08.
  111. ^ Butler, Robert W. "Pulp Fiction Is a Cultural Phenomenon—And That's a Fact", Kansas City Star, March 17, 1996.
  112. ^ Ebert, Roger (2001-06-10). Great Movies: Pulp Fiction (1994). Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved on 2006-12-29.
  113. ^ a b All-Time 100 Movies: Pulp Fiction (1994). Time. Retrieved on 2007-05-15.
  114. ^ a b Collis, Clark et al. (2008-06-16). 100 New Movie Classics: The Top 25—1. Pulp Fiction. Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved on 2008-07-01.
  115. ^ See, e.g., Wilson, Bee (2007-02-14). The Joy and Horror of Junk Food. Times Literary Supplement. Retrieved on 2007-10-11. Gates, Anita (2004-08-01). Movies: Critic's Choice. New York Times. Retrieved on 2007-10-11.
  116. ^ Laverick, Daniel. Selling a Movie in Two Minutes—The Modern Day Film Trailer. Close-Up Film. Retrieved on 2007-09-11.
  117. ^ Iconic Banksy Image Painted Over. BBC News (2007-04-20). Retrieved on 2007-09-11.
  118. ^ Dinshaw (1997), p. 116.
  119. ^ "Napalm" Speech Tops Movie Poll. BBC News (2004-01-02). Retrieved on 2007-09-19.
  120. ^ £300,000 Banksy Is Wrecked. The Sun (2007-04-20). Retrieved on 2007-09-12.
  121. ^ AFI's 10 Top 10. American Film Institute (2008-06-17). Retrieved on 2008-06-18.
  122. ^ AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies—10th Anniversary Edition. American Film Institute. Retrieved on 2007-09-20.
  123. ^ Metacritic.com's List of All-Time High Scores. Retrieved on 2008-03-03.
  124. ^ Thompson, Anne (2007-07-31). Top 100 Film Lists: Online Cinephiles. Variety.com. Retrieved on 2007-09-20.
  125. ^ Mueller, Matt (2006-10-17). Total Film Presents The Top 100 Movies Of All Time. Total Film. Retrieved on 2007-09-21.
  126. ^ Star Wars Voted Best Film Ever. BBC News (2001-11-26). Retrieved on 2007-09-14.
  127. ^ IMDb Top 250. IMDb. Retrieved on 2008-06-18.
  128. ^ Quoted in O'Brien (1994), p. 90.
  129. ^ O'Brien (1994), pp. 90, 91.
  130. ^ O'Brien (1994), p. 91.
  131. ^ Kolker (2000), p. 249.
  132. ^ a b Kolker (2000), p. 281.
  133. ^ Rubin (1999), p. 174.
  134. ^ Walker (2005), p. 315.
  135. ^ Hirsch (1997), pp. 360, 340.
  136. ^ Constable (2004), p. 54.
  137. ^ Conard (2006), p. 125.
  138. ^ Alleva, Richard (1994-11-18). Pulp Fiction. Commonweal. Retrieved on 2007-10-08.
  139. ^ a b c Stone, Alan (April/May 1995). Pulp Fiction. Boston Review. Retrieved on 2007-09-18.
  140. ^ Kolker (2000), pp. 249, 250.
  141. ^ a b Kolker (2000), p. 250.
  142. ^ Giroux (1996), p. 77.
  143. ^ Groth (1997), p. 189.
  144. ^ Enhanced Trivia Track, ch. 9, Pulp Fiction DVD (Buena Vista Home Entertainment).
  145. ^ Charyn (2006), p. 106.
  146. ^ a b Tincknell (2006), p. 140.
  147. ^ Dawson (1995), p. 178; Polan (2000), p. 19.
  148. ^ a b c d e f g White (2002), p. 342.
  149. ^ a b c d e f Fulwood (2003), p. 22.
  150. ^ Groth (1997), pp. 188–9; Dinshaw (1997), p. 186. For Tarantino's admiration of Siegel, see Dawson (1995), p. 142.
  151. ^ Bell (2000), p. 87.
  152. ^ Miller (1999), p. 76.
  153. ^ Giroux (1996), p. 78.
  154. ^ Groth (1997), p. 188.
  155. ^ Conard (2006), pp. 125, 133.
  156. ^ Miklitsch, pp. 15, 16. Note that while the Three Stooges did have an original TV series that ran briefly in the mid-1960s, they were most familiar from their cinematic shorts that were syndicated to television.
  157. ^ a b Miklitsch, p. 16.
  158. ^ a b Willis (1997), p. 195.
  159. ^ What's In the Briefcase?. Snopes.com (2007-08-17). Retrieved on 2007-09-13.
  160. ^ Rodriguez and Tarantino: Artist On Artist. MySpace.com (April 6, 2007). Retrieved on 2007-09-13.
  161. ^ See, e.g., Groth (1997), p. 188; Polan (2000), p. 20; What's in the Briefcase in Pulp Fiction?. The Straight Dope (2000-05-31). Retrieved on 2007-09-18.
  162. ^ Gormley (2005), p. 164.
  163. ^ Fraiman (2003), pp. 13–14.
  164. ^ Reinhartz (2003), p. 108.
  165. ^ The Book of the Prophet Ezekiel, 25. The Holy Bible: King James Version. Retrieved on 2007-09-13.
  166. ^ Thomas (2003) reports that the creed appears in the opening scroll of Karate Kiba, substituting the phrase "...and they shall know that I am Chiba the Bodyguard..." (pp. 61–62). Conard (2006) reports that it is from Bodigaado Kiba and that the end phrase is "And you will know my name is Chiba the Bodyguard..." (p. 135, n. 4).
  167. ^ Enhanced Trivia Track, ch. 4, Pulp Fiction DVD (Buena Vista Home Entertainment).
  168. ^ Enhanced Trivia Track, ch. 25, Pulp Fiction DVD (Buena Vista Home Entertainment).
  169. ^ Gormley (2005), p. 167.
  170. ^ Reinhartz (2003), pp. 106, 107.
  171. ^ Conard (2006), p. 130.
  172. ^ Rosenbaum, Jonathan. "Allusion Profusion (Ed Wood, Pulp Fiction)", Chicago Reader, October 21, 1994. Note that the avowed inspiration is actually a TV show, Kung Fu.
  173. ^ White, Mike, and Mike Thompson (spring 1995). Tarantino in a Can?. Cashiers du Cinemart. Retrieved on 2006-12-31.
  174. ^ a b Fraiman (2003), p. 15.
  175. ^ a b Brooker and Brooker (1996), p. 239.
  176. ^ Fraiman (2003), p. 14.
  177. ^ a b Awards Search/Pulp Fiction. Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Retrieved on 2007-09-12.
  178. ^ a b Maslin, Janet (1995-01-04). "Pulp Fiction" Gets Top Prize From National Film Critics. New York Times. Retrieved on 2007-09-27.

Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (362nd in leap years). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (362nd in leap years). ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Aldo Ray, also known as Aldo DaRe (25 September 1926 - 27 March 1991) was an American film actor. ... Jacques Tourneur, born November 12, 1904 – died December 19, 1977, was a French film director. ... Nightfall is a 1957 black-and-white film directed by Jacques Tourneur. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... is the 155th day of the year (156th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... This article is about the day. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 66th day of the year (67th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the year. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 110th day of the year (111th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 110th day of the year (111th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 168th day of the year (169th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 62nd day of the year (63rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 212th day of the year (213th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 330th day of the year (331st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Early American actor William Garwood starred in numerous short films, many of which were only 20 minutes in length Short subject is a format description originally coined in the North American film industry in the early period of cinema. ... In broadcasting, syndication is the sale of the right to broadcast radio shows and television shows to multiple stations, without going through a broadcast network. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Sources

  • Bart, Peter (2000). The Gross: The Hits, the Flops—The Summer That Ate Hollywood (New York: St. Martin's). ISBN 0-312-25391-5
  • Bell, David (2000). "Eroticizing the Rural", in De-Centering Sexualities: Politics and Representations Beyond the Metropolis, ed. David Shuttleton, Diane Watt, and Richard Phillips (London and New York: Routledge). ISBN 0-415-19466-0
  • Biskind, Peter (2004). Down and Dirty Pictures: Miramax, Sundance, and the Rise of Independent Film (New York: Simon & Schuster). ISBN 0-684-86259-X
  • Brooker, Peter, and Will Brooker (1996). "Pulpmodernism: Tarantino's Affirmative Action", in Film Theory: Critical Concepts in Media and Cultural Studies, ed. Philip Simpson, Andrew Utterson, and Karen J. Shepherdson (London and New York: Routledge). ISBN 0-415-25971-1
  • Charyn, Jerome (2006). Raised by Wolves: The Turbulent Art and Times of Quentin Tarantino (New York: Thunder's Mouth Press). ISBN 1-56025-858-6
  • Christopher, Nicholas (2006). Somewhere in the Night: Film Noir and the American City (Emeryville, Calif.: Shoemaker & Hoard). ISBN 1-59376-097-3
  • Conard, Mark T. (2006). "Symbolism, Meaning, and Nihilism in Pulp Fiction", in The Philosophy of Film Noir, ed. Mark T. Conard (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky). ISBN 0-8131-2377-1
  • Constable, Catherine (2004). "Postmodernism and Film", in The Cambridge Companion to Postmodernism, ed. Steven Connor (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). ISBN 0-521-64840-8
  • Dancyger, Ken (2002). The Technique of Film and Video Editing: History, Theory, and Practice, 3d ed. (New York: Focal Press). ISBN 0-240-80420-1
  • Dargis, Manohla (1994). "Pulp Instincts/Quentin Tarantino on Pulp Fiction", Sight & Sound vol. IV, no. 5 (May). Collected in Quentin Tarantino: Interviews, ed. Gerald Peary (Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1998). ISBN 1-57806-051-6
  • Dawson, Jeff (1995). Quentin Tarantino: The Cinema of Cool (New York and London: Applause). ISBN 1-55783-227-7
  • Dinshaw, Carolyn (1997). "Getting Medieval: Pulp Fiction, Gawain, Foucault", in The Book and the Body, ed. Dolores Warwick Frese and Katherine O'Brien O'Keeffe (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press). ISBN 0-2680-0700-4
  • Fraiman, Susan (2003). Cool Men and the Second Sex (New York: Columbia University Press). ISBN 0-231-12962-9
  • Fulwood, Neil (2003). One Hundred Violent Films that Changed Cinema (London and New York: Batsford/Sterling). ISBN 0-7134-8819-0
  • Giroux, Henry A. (1996). Fugitive Cultures: Race, Violence, and Youth (London and New York: Routledge). ISBN 0-415-91577-5
  • Gormley, Paul (2005). The New-Brutality Film: Race and Affect in Contemporary Hollywood Cinema (Bristol, UK, and Portland, Ore.: Intellect). ISBN 1-84150-119-0
  • Groth, Gary (1997). "A Dream of Perfect Reception: The Movies of Quentin Tarantino", in Commodify Your Dissent: Salvos from The Baffler, ed. Thomas Frank and Matt Weiland (New York: W.W. Norton). ISBN 0-393-31673-4
  • Hirsch, Foster (1997). "Afterword", in Crime Movies, exp. ed., Carlos Clarens (Cambridge, Mass.: Da Capo). ISBN 0-306-80768-8
  • Hoffman, David (2005). The Breakfast Cereal Gourmet (Kansas City, Mo.: Andrews McMeel). ISBN 0-7407-5029-1
  • King, Geoff (2002). Film Comedy (London: Wallflower Press). ISBN 1-903364-35-3
  • Kolker, Robert (2000). A Cinema of Loneliness: Penn, Stone, Kubrick, Scorsese, Spielberg, Altman, 3d ed. (New York: Oxford University Press). ISBN 0-19-512350-6
  • Miller, Stephen Paul (1999). The Seventies Now: Culture As Surveillance (Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press). ISBN 0-8223-2166-1
  • O'Brien, Geoffrey (1994). "Quentin Tarantino's Pulp Fantastic", in Castaways of the Image Planet: Movies, Show Business, Public Spectacle (Washington, D.C.: Counterpoint). ISBN 1-58243-190-6
  • Polan, Dana. (2000). Pulp Fiction (London: BFI). ISBN 0-85170-808-0
  • Rabinowitz, Paula (2002). Black & White & Noir: America's Pulp Modernism (New York: Columbia University Press). ISBN 0-231-11480-X
  • Real, Michael R. (1996). Exploring Media Culture: A Guide (Thousand Oaks, Calif., London, and New Delhi: Sage). ISBN 0-8039-5877-3
  • Reinhartz, Adele (2003). Scripture on the Silver Screen (Louisville, Ky.: Westminster John Knox Press). ISBN 0-664-22359-1
  • Rubin, Nathan (1999). Thrillers (Cambridge, New York, and Melbourne: Cambridge University Press). ISBN 0-521-58839-1
  • Silver, Alain, and James Ursini (2004). Film Noir (Cologne: Taschen). ISBN 3-8228-2261-2
  • Tarantino, Quentin (1994). Pulp Fiction: A Screenplay (New York: Hyperion/Miramax). ISBN 0-7868-8104-6
  • Thomas, Brian (2003). VideoHound's Dragon: Asian Action & Cult Flicks (Canton, Mich.: Visible Ink Press). ISBN 1-5785-9141-4
  • Tincknell, Estella (2006). "The Soundtrack Movie, Nostalgia and Consumption", in Film's Musical Moments, ed. Ian Conrich and Estella Tincknell (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press). ISBN 0-7486-2344-2
  • Walker, David (2005). "Tarantino, Quentin", in The Routledge Companion to Postmodernism, 2d ed., ed. Stuart Sim (London and New York: Routledge). ISBN 0-415-33358-X
  • Waxman, Sharon (2005). Rebels on the Backlot: Six Maverick Directors and How They Conquered the Hollywood Studio System (New York: HarperCollins). ISBN 0-06-054017-6
  • White, Glyn (2002). "Quentin Tarantino", in Fifty Contemporary Filmmakers, ed. Yvonne Tasker (London and New York: Routledge). ISBN 0-415-18973-X
  • Willis, Sharon (1997). High Contrast: Race and Gender in Contemporary Hollywood Film (Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press). ISBN 0-8223-2041-X

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... For the in-memory database management system, see In-memory database. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Quentin Jerome Tarantino (born March 27, 1963) is an Academy Award- and Palme dOr-winning American film director, screenwriter and actor. ... For the video game based on the film, see Reservoir Dogs (video game). ... Four Rooms is a 1995 anthology film telling four stories set in a Los Angeles hotel on New Years Eve. ... Jackie Brown is a 1997 motion picture written and directed by Quentin Tarantino. ... Kill Bill is the fourth film by writer-director Quentin Tarantino. ... Grindhouse is a 2007 anthology film co-written, produced and directed by Robert Rodriguez and Quentin Tarantino. ... Death Proof is a 2007 film written and directed by Quentin Tarantino, about a psychopathic stunt man who targets young women, murdering them with his death proof stunt car. ... Inglorious Bastards is an upcoming war film written and directed by Quentin Tarantino. ... Come Drink with Me (Chinese: 大醉俠, Mandarin: Da Zui Xia, literally Big Drunken Hero) is a 1966 martial arts film directed by King Hu. ... True Romance is an American motion picture released in 1993, directed by Tony Scott and written by Quentin Tarantino and Roger Avary. ... For the song, see Natural Born Killaz. ... This article or section contains a plot summary that is overly long or excessively detailed compared to the rest of the article. ... My Best Friends Birthday (1987) is an unfinished black and white student film by Craig Hamann and Quentin Tarantino, shot during their youth days while working at the Manhattan Beach Video Archives in Los Angeles. ... The Vega Brothers is a film to be directed by Quentin Tarantino. ... Roger Avary, photographed for Score Magazine at the Hotel Costes K, Paris. ... Killing Zoe is a 1994 movie directed by Roger Avary, and starring Eric Stoltz as Zed and Julie Delpy as Zoe. ... The Rules of Attraction (2002) is a dark satirical film based on the novel of the same name by Bret Easton Ellis. ... Glitterati is a 2004 film directed by Roger Avary assembled from the 70 hours of video footage shot for the European sequence of The Rules of Attraction in October of 2002, after the events of 9/11. ... True Romance is an American motion picture released in 1993, directed by Tony Scott and written by Quentin Tarantino and Roger Avary. ... Silent Hill is a 2006 horror film directed by Christophe Gans and written by Roger Avary. ... Beowulf is a 2007 performance capture action film based on the Old English epic poem of the same name. ...

Awards
Preceded by
Farewell My Concubine
tied with The Piano
Palme d'Or
1994
Succeeded by
Underground
Farewell My Concubine is a 1993 Chinese film directed by Chen Kaige which depicts the effects of various Chinese political turmoils during the 20th century on a Peking opera troupe. ... This article is about the film. ... Palme dOr The Palme dOr (Golden Palm) is the highest prize given to a film at the Cannes Film Festival. ... Underground (Serbian: Подземље, Podzemlje) is a 1995 award-winning film directed by Emir Kusturica with a screenplay by Dušan Kovačević. It is also known by the subtitle Once Upon a Time There Was a Country (Serbian: Била једном једна земља, Bila jednom jedna zemlja), which was the title of the story shown on...

 
 

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