The Pulitzer Prize for Public Service has been awarded since 1918 for a distinguished example of meritorious public service by a newspaper through the use of its journalistic resources which may include editorials, cartoons, and photographs, as well as reporting. It was meant to be first awarded in 1917, however, no award was given in that year. List of winners:
1926:Columbus Enquirer Sun, for the service which it rendered in its brave and energetic fight against the Ku Klux Klan; against the enactment of a law barring the teaching of evolution; against dishonest and incompetent public officials and for justice to the Negro and against lynching.
1927:Canton Daily News (Ohio), for its brave, patriotic and effective fight for the ending of a vicious state of affairs brought about by collusion between city authorities and the criminal element, a fight which had a tragic result in the assassination of the editor of the paper, Mr. Don R. Mellett.
1928:Indianapolis Times, for its work in exposing political corruption to Indiana, prosecuting the guilty and bringing about a more wholesome state of affairs in civil government.
1929:New York Evening World, for its effective campaign to correct evils in the administration of justice, including the fight to curb "ambulance chasers," support of the "fence" bill, and measures to simplify procedure, prevent perjury and eliminate politics from municipal courts; a campaign which has been instrumental in securing remedial action.
1932:Indianapolis News, for its successful campaign to eliminate waste in city management and to reduce the tax levy.
1933:New York World-Telegram, for its series of articles on veterans relief, on the real estate bond evil, the campaign urging voters in the late New York City municipal election to "write in" the name of Joseph V. McKee, and the articles exposing the lottery schemes of various fraternal organizations.
1935:Sacramento Bee, for its campaign against political machine influence in the appointment of two Federal judges in Nevada.
1936:Cedar Rapids Gazette, for its crusade against corruption and misgovernment in the State of Iowa.
1937:St. Louis Post-Dispatch, for its exposure of wholesale fraudulent registration in St. Louis. By a coordinated news, editorial and cartoon campaign this newspaper succeeded in invalidating upwards of 40,000 fraudulent ballots in November and brought about the appointment of a new election board.
1942:Los Angeles Times, for its successful campaign which resulted in the clarification and confirmation for all American newspapers of the right of free press as guaranteed under the Constitution.
1943:Omaha World-Herald (Nebraska), for its initiative and originality in planning a state-wide campaign for the collection of scrap metal for the war effort. The Nebraska plan was adopted on a national scale by the daily newspapers, resulting in a united effort which succeeded in supplying our war industries with necessary scrap material.
1946:Scranton Times, for its fifteen-year investigation of judicial practices in the United States District Court for the middle district of Pennsylvania, resulting in removal of the District Judge and indictment of many others.
1947:Baltimore Sun, for its series of articles by Howard M. Norton dealing with the administration of unemployment compensation in Maryland, resulting in convictions and pleas of guilty in criminal court of 93 persons.
1948:St. Louis Post-Dispatch, for the coverage of the Centralia, Illinois, mine disaster and the follow-up which resulted in impressive reforms in mine safety laws and regulations.
1949:Nebraska State Journal, for the campaign establishing the "Nebraska All-Star Primary" presidential preference primary which spotlighted, through a bi-partisan committee, issues early in the presidential campaign.
1952:St. Louis Post-Dispatch, for its investigation and disclosures of wide spread corruption in the Internal Revenue Bureau and other departments of the government.
1953:Whiteville News Reporter and Tabor City Tribune, two North Carolina weekly newspapers, for their successful campaign against the Ku Klux Klan, waged on their own doorstep at the risk of economic loss and personal danger, culminating in the conviction of over one hundred Klansmen and an end to terrorism in their communities.
1954:Newsday, for its expose of New York State's race track scandals and labor racketeering, which led to the extortion indictment, guilty plea and imprisonment of William C. DeKoning, Sr., New York labor racketeer.
1955:Columbus Ledger and Sunday Ledger-Enquirer, for its complete news coverage and fearless editorial attack on widespread corruption in neighboring Phenix City, Alabama, which were effective in destroying a corrupt and racket-ridden city government. The newspaper exhibited an early awareness of the evils of lax law enforcement before the situation in Phenix City erupted into murder. It covered the whole unfolding story of the final prosecution of the wrong-doers with skill, perception, force and courage.
1957:Chicago Daily News, for determined and courageous public service in exposing a $2,500,000 fraud centering in the office of the State Auditor of Illinois, resulting in the indictment and conviction of the State Auditor and others. This led to the reorganization of State procedures to prevent a recurrence of the fraud.
1958:Arkansas Gazette, for demonstrating the highest qualities of civic leadership, journalistic responsibility and moral courage in the face of great public tension during the school integration crisis of 1957. The newspaper's fearless and completely objective news coverage, plus its reasoned and moderate policy, did much to restore calmness and order to an overwrought community, reflecting great credit on its editors and its management.
1959:Utica Observer-Dispatch and Utica Daily Press, for their successful campaign against corruption, gambling and vice in their home city and the achievement of sweeping civic reforms in the face of political pressure and threats of violence. By their stalwart leadership of the forces of good government, these newspapers upheld the best tradition of a free press.
1960:Los Angeles Times, for its thorough, sustained and well-conceived attack on narcotics traffic and the enterprising reporting of Gene Sherman, which led to the opening of negotiations between the United States and Mexico to halt the flow of illegal drugs into southern California and other border states.
1961:Amarillo Globe-Times (Texas), for exposing a breakdown in local law enforcement with resultant punitive action that swept lax officials from their posts and brought about the election of a reform slate. The newspaper thus exerted its civic leadership in the finest tradition of journalism.
1965:Hutchinson News (Kansas), for its courageous and constructive campaign, culminating in 1964, to bring about more equitable reapportionment of the Kansas Legislature, despite powerful opposition in its own community.
1969:Los Angeles Times, for its expose of wrongdoing within the Los Angeles City Government Commissions, resulting in resignations or criminal convictions of certain members, as well as widespread reforms.
1970:Newsday, for its three-year investigation and exposure of secret land deals in eastern Long Island, which led to a series of criminal convictions, discharges and resignations among public and political officeholders in the area.
1971:Winston-Salem Journal and Sentinel, for coverage of environmental problems, as exemplified by a successful campaign to block strip mining operation that would have caused irreparable damage to the hill country of northwest North Carolina.
1974:Newsday, for its definitive report on the illicit narcotic traffic in the United States and abroad, entitled, "The Heroin Trail."
1975:Boston Globe, for its massive and balanced coverage of the Boston school desegregation crisis.
1976:Anchorage Daily News, for its disclosures of the impact and influence of the Teamsters Union on Alaska's economy and politics.
1977:Lufkin News (Texas), for an obituary of a local man who died in Marine training camp, which grew into an investigation of that death and a fundamental reform in the recruiting and training practices of the United States Marine Corps.
1980:Gannett News Service, for its series on financial contributions to the Pauline Fathers.
1981:Charlotte Observer, for its series on "Brown Lung: A Case of Deadly Neglect."
1982:Detroit News, for a series by Sydney P. Freedberg and David Ashenfelter which exposed the U.S. Navy's cover-up of circumstances surrounding the deaths of seamen aboard ship and which led to significant reforms in naval procedures.
1983: Jackson Clarion-Ledger, for its successful campaign supporting Governor Winter in his legislative battle for reform of Mississippi's public education system.
1984:Los Angeles Times, for an in-depth examination of southern California's growing Latino community by a team of editors and reporters.
1985:Fort Worth Star-Telegram, for reporting by Mark J. Thompson which revealed that nearly 250 U.S. servicemen had lost their lives as a result of a design problem in helicopters built by Bell Helicopter - a revelation which ultimately led the Army to ground almost 600 Huey helicopters pending their modification.
1986:Denver Post, for its in-depth study of "missing children," which revealed that most are involved in custody disputes or are runaways, and which helped mitigate national fears stirred by exaggerated statistics.
1987:Pittsburgh Press, for reporting by Andrew Schneider and Matthew Brelis which revealed the inadequacy of the FAA's medical screening of airline pilots and led to significant reforms.
1988:Charlotte Observer, for revealing misuse of funds by the PTL television ministry through persistent coverage conducted in the face of a massive campaign by PTL to discredit the newspaper.
1989:Anchorage Daily News, for reporting about the high incidence of alcoholism and suicide among native Alaskans in a series that focused attention on their despair and resulted in various reforms.
1990:Philadelphia Inquirer, for reporting by Gilbert M. Gaul that disclosed how the American blood industry operates with little government regulation or supervision.
1991:Des Moines Register, for reporting by Jane Schorer that, with the victim's consent, named a woman who had been raped --which prompt widespread reconsideration of the traditional media practice of concealing the identity of rape victims.
1992:Sacramento Bee, for "The Sierra in Peril," reporting by Tom Knudson that examined environmental threats and damage to the Sierra Nevada mountain range in California.
1993:Miami Herald, for coverage that not only helped readers cope with Hurricane Andrew's devastation but also showed how lax zoning, inspection and building codes had contributed to the destruction.
1994:Akron Beacon Journal, for its broad examination of local racial attitudes and its subsequent effort to promote improved communication in the community.
1995:Virgin Islands Daily News, for its disclosure of the links between the region's rampant crime rate and corruption in the local criminal justice system. The reporting, largely the work of Melvin Claxton, initiated political reforms.
1996:News & Observer (Raleigh, North Carolina), for the work of Melanie Sill, Pat Stith and Joby Warrick on the environmental and health risks of waste disposal systems used in North Carolina's growing hog industry.
1997:New Orleans Times-Picayune, for its comprehensive series analyzing the conditions that threaten the world's supply of fish.
1998:Grand Forks Herald (North Dakota), for its sustained and informative coverage, vividly illustrated with photographs, that helped hold its community together in the wake of flooding, a blizzard and a fire that devastated much of the city, including the newspaper plant itself.
1999:Washington Post, for its series that identified and analyzed patterns of reckless gunplay by city police officers who had little training or supervision.
2000:Washington Post, notably for the work of Katherine Boo that disclosed wretched neglect and abuse in the city?s group homes for the mentally retarded, which forced officials to acknowledge the conditions and begin reforms.
2002:New York Times, for "A Nation Challenged," a special section published regularly after the September 11th terrorist attacks on America, which coherently and comprehensively covered the tragic events, profiled the victims, and tracked the developing story, locally and globally.
2003:Boston Globe, for its courageous, comprehensive coverage of sexual abuse by priests, an effort that pierced secrecy, stirred local, national and international reaction and produced changes in the Roman Catholic Church.
2004:New York Times, for the work of David Barstow and Lowell Bergman that relentlessly examined death and injury among American workers and exposed employers who break basic safety rules. (This was moved by the board from the Investigative Reporting category, where it was also entered.)
The very first PulitzerPrizes were awarded on June 4, 1917, and in recent times, they are announced each year, in the month of April.
PublicService - For a distinguished example of meritorious publicservice by a newspaper through the use of its journalistic resources which may include editorials, cartoons, and photographs, as well as reporting.
The PulitzerPrize for Editorial Writing has been awarded since 1917 for distinguished editorial writing, the test of excellence being clearness of style, moral purpose, sound reasoning, and power to influence public opinion in what the writer conceives to be the right direction.
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