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Encyclopedia > Puget Sound
Puget Sound

Puget Sound (pronounced IPA [ˈpjuʤɨt]) is an arm of the Pacific Ocean, connected to the rest of the Pacific by the Strait of Juan de Fuca, in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. It branches out from Admiralty Inlet, Haro Strait, and Rosario Strait in the north to Olympia, Washington in the south.[1] The surrounding land partially overlaps the Seattle metropolitan area, home to about 4 million people. Image File history File links Information. ... Map Puget Sound created by Benjamin D. Lukoff, based on a map generated via the US Census Tiger server. ... Map Puget Sound created by Benjamin D. Lukoff, based on a map generated via the US Census Tiger server. ... The University of Puget Sound (often called UPS or just Puget Sound) is a private liberal arts college located in the North End of Tacoma, Washington, in the United States. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... The Strait of Juan de Fuca separates Vancouver Island of British Columbia from the Olympic Peninsula of Washington state. ... The Pacific Northwest from space This page is about the region that includes parts of Canada and the United States. ... Admirality Inlet is an arm of the Pacific Ocean in the northwestern United States. ... Haro Strait, often referred to as the Haro Straits because it is really a series of straits, is one of the main channels connecting the Strait of Georgia to the Strait of Juan de Fuca separating Vancouver Island and the Gulf Islands in British Columbia, Canada from the San Juan... The Rosario Strait is a strait in northern Washington state, separating Island and San Juan Counties. ... Coordinates: , County Incorporated January 28, 1859 Government  - Mayor Mark Foutch Area  - City 48. ... The Seattle metropolitan area includes the city of Seattle, Washington; King County, Washington; and several surrounding cities and counties in the Puget Sound area. ...


These straits connect Puget Sound not only to the rest of the Pacific Ocean, but also to the Strait of Georgia to the north. Strait of Georgia at sunset The Strait of Georgia (also known as Georgia Strait and the Gulf of Georgia) is a 240 km (150 mi)-long strait between Vancouver Island (as well as its nearby Gulf Islands) and the mainland Pacific coast of British Columbia, Canada. ...

Contents

History

An alternative term for Puget Sound, still used by some Native Americans and environmental groups, is Whulge (or Whulj), an Anglicization of the Lushootseed name χwəlč. The name "Puget Sound" (earlier "Puget's Sound") was given by George Vancouver for Lieutenant Peter Puget, who explored its southern end in May 1792. Vancouver claimed it for Great Britain on 4 June 1792. It became part of the Oregon Country, and became a USA territory when the 1846 Oregon Treaty was signed. Lushootseed (also xwÉ™lÅ¡ucid, dxwləšúcid, Puget Salish, Puget Sound Salish, Skagit-Nisqually) is the language or dialect continuum of several Salish Native American groups of modern-day Washington state. ... A life sized statue covered in gold of George Vancouver on top of the British Columbia Parliament Buildings Captain George Vancouver RN (June 22, 1757 – May 12, 1798) was an officer of the Royal Navy, best known for his exploration of North America, including the Pacific coast along the modern... Peter Puget was an officer in the British Royal Navy. ... June 4 is the 155th day of the year (156th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Landscape in Oregon Country, by Charles Marion Russell Map of Oregon Country Oregon Country was a region of western North America that originally consisted of the land north of 42°N latitude, south of 54°40N latitude, and west of the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean. ... Map of the lands in dispute The Treaty with Great Britain, in Regard to Limits Westward of the Rocky Mountains, also known as the Oregon Treaty or Treaty of Washington, is a bilateral treaty between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the United States that was signed...


Originally, the name Puget Sound referred only to the southern reaches beyond Poverty Bay explored by Peter Puget, and the central and northern reaches familiar to Washington State Ferry riders was called Admiralty Inlet. Today Admiralty Inlet refers only to the strait between Whidbey Island and Point No Point on the Kitsap Peninsula. But on a modern nautical chart, Admiralty Inlet is a distinct body of water from the Puget Sound. The northern border of the Puget Sound on the East is formed by Possession Sound, which separates Whidbey Island from Everett. A Washington State Ferry arrives in Downtown Seattle. ... Whidbey Island Cultus Bay Low Tide Whidbey Island (historical spelling Whidby) is one of nine islands in Island County, Washington. ... Point No Point (coordinates S.27;T.28N;R.2E) is an outcropping of land on the northeast point of the Kitsap Peninsula in Washington, the United States. ... The Kitsap Peninsula, at times called the Indian Peninsula or the Great Peninsula, is the arm of land in Washington state (USA) that lies west of Seattle across Puget Sound and east of the Olympic Peninsula across Hood Canal. ... Portion of chart of Bering Strait, site of former land bridge between Asia and North America. ... Admirality Inlet is an arm of the Pacific Ocean in the northwestern United States. ... Possession Sound is located between Whidbey Island and the city of Everett, Washington. ... Whidbey Island Cultus Bay Low Tide Whidbey Island (historical spelling Whidby) is one of nine islands in Island County, Washington. ... Everett may refer to the following places: Everett, Washington, about 100,000 inhabitants Naval Station Everett Everett, Massachusetts, about 38,000 inhabitants Everett, Pennsylvania, about 2,000 inhabitants Everett Township, Michigan, about 2,000 inhabitants Everett, Ontario, Canada, about 800 inhabitants The Everett Range, Antarctica, no inhabitants Everett is also...


Due to the migration along the Oregon Trail, many settlers wandered north to what is now Washington State and settled the Puget Sound area. The first settlement was New Market (now known as Tumwater) in 1846. In 1853 the Northern Pacific railroad line reached Puget Sound, linking the region to the other states. During that same year Washington Territory was formed from part of Oregon Territory. The Ox Team or the Old Oregon Trail 1852-1906 by Ezra Meeker. ... Tumwater Falls of the Deschutes River, Tumwater, Washington. ... Northern Pacific Railway Categories: Stub | Defunct railroad companies of the United States | Idaho railroads | Minnesota railroads | Montana railroads | North Dakota railroads | Oregon railroads | Washington railroads | Wisconsin railroads ... Categories: Historical stubs | Washington history | U.S. historical regions and territories ... The Oregon Territory is the name applied both to the unorganized Oregon Country claimed by both the United States and Britain, as well as to the organized U.S. territory formed from it that existed between 1848 and 1859. ...

Evening on Puget Sound by Edward S. Curtis, 1913
Evening on Puget Sound by Edward S. Curtis, 1913

For a long period Tacoma was noted for its large smelters where gold, silver, copper and lead ores were treated. Seattle was the primary port for trade with Alaska and the rest of the country and for a time possessed a large shipbuilding industry. The region around eastern Puget Sound developed heavy industry during the period including World War I and World War II, and the Boeing Company became an established icon in the area. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x854, 206 KB) Evening on Puget Sound Edward S. Curtis, 1913 Northwestern University Library, Edward S. Curtiss The North American Indian: the Photographic Images, 2001. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x854, 206 KB) Evening on Puget Sound Edward S. Curtis, 1913 Northwestern University Library, Edward S. Curtiss The North American Indian: the Photographic Images, 2001. ... Official language(s) English[1] Spoken language(s) English 85. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA, TYO: 7661 ) is a major aerospace and defense corporation, originally founded by William Boeing. ...


During World War II the Puget Sound area became a focus for the war industry, with Boeing producing many of the nation's heavy bombers and the ports of Seattle, Bremerton and Tacoma available for shipbuilding. The B-52 Stratofortress, a heavy bomber. ... Sinclair Inlet and Puget Sound Naval Shipyard (left), Dyes Inlet (middle distance) and Manette and Warren Avenue Bridges (left to right) across Port Washington Narrows Bremerton is a city in Kitsap County, Washington, USA. The population was 37,259 at the 2000 census. ...


Since 1995, Puget Sound has been recognized as an American Viticultural Area by the Tax and Trade Bureau. [citation needed] An American Viticultural Area (AVA) is a delimited grape-growing region distinguishable by geographic features, with boundaries defined by the United States governments Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB). ...


Geology

The United States Geological Survey defines Puget Sound as a bay with numerous channels and branches; more specifically, it is a fjord system of flooded glacial valleys. InsertSLUTTY WHORES≤ non-formatted text here{| class=toccolours border=1 cellpadding=4 style=float: right; margin: 0 0 1em 1em; width: 20em; border-collapse: collapse; font-size: 95%; clear: right; |+ United States Geological Survey |- |style= align=center colspan=2| [[Image:USGS logo. ... The bay at San Sebastián, Spain A headland is an area of land adjacent to water on three sides. ... Fjord in Sunnmøre, Norway Fjords are very long inlets from the sea with high steeply sloped walled sides. ...


Puget Sound is a very large salt water estuary fed by highly seasonal freshwater from the Olympic and Cascade Mountain watersheds.[2] It extends from the southern end of Whidbey Island to Olympia, Washington. The northern boundary is Whidbey Island; a second entrance between Whidbey Island and Mukilteo, Washington forms the southern boundary of Possession Sound (USGS GNIS: Puget Sound). For other meanings, see Estuary (disambiguation) Rio de la Plata estuary An estuary is a semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. ... Whidbey Island Cultus Bay Low Tide Whidbey Island (historical spelling Whidby) is one of nine islands in Island County, Washington. ... Coordinates: , County Incorporated January 28, 1859 Government  - Mayor Mark Foutch Area  - City 48. ... Whidbey Island Cultus Bay Low Tide Whidbey Island (historical spelling Whidby) is one of nine islands in Island County, Washington. ... Whidbey Island Cultus Bay Low Tide Whidbey Island (historical spelling Whidby) is one of nine islands in Island County, Washington. ... Mukilteo (pronounced ) is a city located in Snohomish County, Washington. ... Possession Sound is located between Whidbey Island and the city of Everett, Washington. ...


The Sound has been reshaped by the scouring action and till deposition of the Wisconsin Glaciation, which extended in this region as far south as Olympia; the soils of the region, less than ten thousand years old, are still characterized as immature. During glacial maximum a large meltwater lake formed at the icewall's forefront, drained by the Chehalis River; its sediments form the blue-gray clay identified as the Lawton Clay. As icebergs calved off the toe of the glacier, their embedded gravels and boulders were deposited in the chaotic mix of unsorted till geologists call glaciomarine drift. Many beaches about the Sound display glacial erratics, rendered more prominent than those in coastal woodland solely by their exposed position; submerged glacial erratics sometimes provide hazards to navigation. The sheer weight of glacial-age ice depressed the landforms, which experienced isostatic rebound after the ice sheets had retreated; because the rate of rebound was not synchronous with the post-ice age rise in sea levels, the bed of what is Puget Sound, filled alternately with fresh and with sea water. The upper level of the lake-sediment Lawton Clay now lies about 120 feet (37 m) above sea level. The Wisconsin (in North America), Devensian (in the British Isles), Midlandian (in Ireland), Würm (in the Alps), and Weichsel (in northern central Europe) glaciations are the most recent glaciations of the Pleistocene epoch, which ended around 10,000 BCE. The general glacial advance began about 70,000 BCE, and... Chehalis River is a river and river system located wholly within the state of Washington in the United States. ... Glacial till with tufts of grass Till is an unsorted glacial sediment. ... A Glacial erratic is a piece of rock carried by glacial ice some distance from the rock outcrop from which it came. ... Post-glacial rebound (sometimes called continental rebound, isostatic rebound or isostatic adjustment) is the rise of land masses that were depressed by the huge weight of ice sheets during the last ice age, through a process known as isostatic depression. ...

Low Tide Whidbey Island
Low Tide Whidbey Island

The Puget Sound system consists of four interconnected basins, some very deep, separated by shallow sills. The depth of the basins is a result of the Sound being part of a subduction zone, where the terranes accreted at the edge of the Juan de Fuca Plate are being subducted under the North American Plate: there has not been a major subduction zone earthquake here since the magnitude nine Cascadia Earthquake; according to Japanese records, it occurred 26 January 1700. Lesser Puget Sound quakes with shallow epicenters, caused by the fracturing of stressed oceanic rocks as they are subducted still cause great damage. The Seattle Fault cuts across Puget Sound, crossing just north of Vashon Island and dipping under the city of Seattle [3]. To the south, the existence of a second fault, the Tacoma Fault has buckled the intervening strata in the Seattle Uplift. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3456 × 2304 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3456 × 2304 pixel, file size: 1. ... Categories: Geology stubs | Plate tectonics ... A map of the Juan de Fuca Plate The Juan de Fuca Plate, named after the explorer, is a tectonic plate arising from the Juan de Fuca Ridge, and subducting under the northerly portion of the western side of the North American Plate. ...  The North American plate, shown in brown The North American Plate is a tectonic plate covering most of North America, extending eastward to the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and westward to the Cherskiy Range in East Siberia. ... The 1700 Cascadia Earthquake was a magnitude 8. ... The Seattle Fault cuts across Puget Sound and into Seattle itself. ... Vashon-Maury Island, usually known as Vashon Island, is Puget Sounds largest island south of Admiralty Inlet. ...


Typical Puget Sound profiles of dense glacial till overlying permeable glacial outwash of gravels above an impermeable bed of silty clay may become unstable after periods of unusually wet weather and slump in landslides.[4]

Snowcapped peaks are a backdrop to many Puget Sound scenes; here Mount Rainier is seen from Gig Harbor.
Snowcapped peaks are a backdrop to many Puget Sound scenes; here Mount Rainier is seen from Gig Harbor.

PD photo of Mt Rainier from Gig Harbor, collected from http://www. ... PD photo of Mt Rainier from Gig Harbor, collected from http://www. ... Mount Rainier is a stratovolcano in Pierce County, Washington, located 54 miles (87 km) southeast of Seattle, Washington, in the United States. ... Gig Harbor is a city located in Pierce County, Washington. ...

Geography

The urban region designated the Puget Sound Region is centered on Seattle, Washington, and consists of nine counties, two urban center cities and four satellite cities making up what has been dubbed the "Pugetropolis". Both urban core cities have large industrial areas and seaports plus a high-rise central business district. The satellite cities are primarily suburban, featuring a small downtown core and a small industrial area or port. The suburbs consist mostly of residences, strip malls, and shopping centers. The region is also home to numerous ports. The two largest and busiest are the Port of Seattle and Tacoma, which, if combined, comprise the second largest container port in North America after Los Angeles/Long Beach. The Port of Vancouver, the largest Canadian port, sits on the northern end of the Greater Puget Sound Area. A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Port. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Housing subdivision near Union, Kentucky, a suburb of Cincinnati, Ohio. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Port. ... Example of a small strip mall. A strip mall (also called a plaza) is a shopping center where the stores are arranged in a row, with a sidewalk in front. ... Container port on and around Harbor Island A boat at Pier 86 Grain Terminal Grain Terminal Sign The Port of Seattle is a port district that runs Seattles seaport and airport. ... General information Founded Original shipment 1964 Coordinates  - Latitude  - Longitude 49°1637 N 123°0715 W Area  - Coastline  - Land  - Water 247 kilometres 4. ...


A unique state-run ferry system, the Washington State Ferries, connects the larger islands to the Washington mainland, as well as both sides of the sound, allowing cars and people to move about the greater Puget Sound region. Washington state maintains the largest fleet of passenger and auto ferries in the United States and the third largest in the world. ...


Counties of the greater Puget Sound region

In addition, the San Juan Islands (all of San Juan County plus a few islands belonging to Whatcom County) are often considered part of the greater Puget Sound area. Island County is a county located in the U.S. state of Washington. ... Jefferson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Washington and named after Thomas Jefferson. ... King County redirects here; you may be looking for King County, Texas. ... Kitsap County is a county located in the state of Washington. ... Lewis County is a county located in the state of Washington. ... Mason County is a county located in the state of Washington. ... Pierce County is the second most populous county in the state of Washington. ... Skagit County is a county located in the state of Washington. ... Snohomish County is a county located in the U.S. state of Washington. ... Thurston County is a county located in the U.S. state of Washington. ... One of the San Juan islands The San Juan Islands are a part of the San Juan Archipelago in the northwest corner of the continental United States. ... San Juan County is a county located in the state of Washington, comprised of the San Juan Islands. ... Whatcom County (IPA: ) is a county located in the U.S. state of Washington. ...


Prominent islands

Anderson Island is the southernmost island in the Puget Sound and is part of Pierce County, Washington, USA. It is accessible by boat or a 20 minute ferry ride from Steilacoom. ... Bainbridge Island is an island in Puget Sound, and is an incorporated city located in Kitsap County, Washington. ... Blake Island lies in the middle of Puget Sound, south of Bainbridge Island and east of Manchester. ... Camano Island (pronounced ) is a large island in Puget Sound, located in Island County, Washington between Whidbey Island and the mainland. ... Fidalgo Island is an island in Skagit County, Washington, located about two hours north of Seattle by automobile. ... Fox Island is a census-designated place located in Pierce County, Washington. ... Harstine Island is an island community located west of Case Inlet, in south Puget Sound, 16 km (10 miles) north of Olympia In Mason County, Washington, USA. It has a land area of 48. ... Indian Island can refer to several places: Indian Island, Washington Penobscot_Indian_Island_Reservation, near Old Town, Maine, known colloqially in Maine as Indian Island. ... Marrowstone is a census-designated place located in Jefferson County, Washington, USA. As of the 2000 census, the CDP had a total population of 837. ... Maury Island is a island in Washington States Puget Sound connected Vashon Island by a isthmus built by the U.S Army Corps of Engineers that connects the two. ... McNeil Island is an island in Puget Sound, located just west of Steilacoom, Washington at 47°1242 North, 122°4114 West3. ... Squaxin Island is in the extreme southwestern part of Puget Sound in Mason County, Washington, USA. The island is an Indian reservation of the Native American Squaxin Island Tribe. ... Vashon-Maury Island, usually known as Vashon Island, is Puget Sounds largest island south of Admiralty Inlet. ... Whidbey Island Cultus Bay Low Tide Whidbey Island (historical spelling Whidby) is one of nine islands in Island County, Washington. ...

Urban centers

“Seattle” redirects here. ... Nickname: Location of Tacoma in Pierce County and Washington State Coordinates: , Country United States of America State Washington County Pierce Government  - Mayor Bill Baarsma (D) Area  - City 62. ... Coordinates: , County Incorporated January 28, 1859 Government  - Mayor Mark Foutch Area  - City 48. ...

Satellite cities

County Snohomish Government  - Mayor Ray Stephanson Area  - City 123. ... Possession Sound is located between Whidbey Island and the city of Everett, Washington. ... Location of Bellevue within King County, Washington, and King County within Washington. ... Sinclair Inlet and Puget Sound Naval Shipyard (left), Dyes Inlet (middle distance) and Manette and Warren Avenue Bridges (left to right) across Port Washington Narrows Bremerton is a city in Kitsap County, Washington, USA. The population was 37,259 at the 2000 census. ...

Other principal cities

Auburn and Green River Valley to the south of it, seen from Auburns Centennial Park Auburn is a city of 40,314 (2000) located in the U.S. state of Washington, in King County with some spill-over into Pierce County. ... Des Moines Flag Des Moines is a city located in King County, Washington, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 29,267. ... Location in Washington Coordinates: , Country State County King County Incorporated 1990 Government  - Mayor Michael Park -http://www. ... Coordinates: , Country United States State Washington County King Founded May 28, 1890 Government  - Mayor Suzette Cooke Area  - City  28. ... Location of Redmond within King County, and King County within Washington. ... Location of Renton in King County and Washington Coordinates: , County King Government  - Mayor Kathy Keolker Area  - City 44. ... Nickname: The Little City That Could Location of Kirkland within King County, Washington, and King County within Washington. ... The Skagit River, which flows through Mount Vernon, is prone to flooding during periods of heavy rain in the Cascades. ... Edmonds is a city in Snohomish County, Washington, United States. ... Country United States State Washington County Snohomish Government  - Mayor Don Gough Area  - City 7. ...

See also

The Puget Sound AVA (recognized 1995) is an American Viticultural Area located within Washington State. ... It has been suggested that List of names in English with non-intuitive pronunciations be merged into this article or section. ...

References

  1. ^ Pacific Science Center (2000-05-24). Geology of Puget Sound. PSC website. Retrieved on 2007-05-28.
  2. ^ Fresh inflow ranges between a peak of about 367,000 cubic feet per second (10 400 m³/s) to a minimum of about 14,000 ft³/s (400 m³/s).
  3. ^ "Ancient seismic stresses at work in Puget Sound region" Cyberwest Magazine 9 June 2004
  4. ^ Washington State Department of Ecology:"Puget Sound landslides"

The IMAX dome dominates this view of the Pacific Science Center Arches and fountains The Pacific Science Center is a science museum in Seattle, Washington. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year (149th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • Prosser, William Farrand (1903). A history of the Puget Sound country : its resources, its commerce and its people : with some reference to discoveries and explorations in North America from the time of Christopher Columbus down to that of George Vancouver in 1792, when the beauty, richness and vast commercial advantages of this region were first made known to the world. Lewis Pub. Co.. Available online through the Washington State Library's Classics in Washington History collection

External links

Coordinates: 47.6° N 122.45° W Land use is the pattern of construction and activity land is used for. ... Economic development is a sustainable increase in living standards that implies increased per capita income, better education and health as well as environmental protection. ... A coalition is an alliance among entities, during which they cooperate in joint action, each in their own self-interest. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Puget Sound - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (769 words)
Puget Sound is an arm (sound) of the Pacific Ocean in the Pacific Northwest of the United States.
During World War II the Puget Sound area became a focus for the war industry, with Boeing producing many of the nation's heavy bombers and the ports of Seattle, Bremerton and Tacoma available for shipbuilding.
Puget Sound is a very large salt water estuary fed by freshwater from the Olympic and Cascade Mountain watersheds.
Puget Sound Naval Shipyard - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (488 words)
Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, as seen from across the water in Port Orchard.
Puget Sound Naval Shipyard (PSNS) is a United States Navy shipyard covering 179 acres (0.7 km²) of property bordered on the south by Sinclair Inlet, on the west by the Bremerton Annex of Naval Base Kitsap, and on the north and east by the city of Bremerton, Washington.
Puget Sound Naval Shipyard was established in 1891 as a Naval Station and was designated Navy Yard Puget Sound in 1901.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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