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Encyclopedia > Puerto Deseado

Puerto Deseado, originally called Port Desire, is a fishing port in Patagonia in the Santa Cruz Province of Argentina on the estuary of the Río Deseado, located at 47°22′S 63°49′W. A bit of history Before the arrival of the Spaniards, several indigenous groups populated the region. ... Santa Cruz is a province of Argentina, located in the south of the country, in the Patagonia. ... Deseado River (Spanish: Río Deseado) is a river in the Argentine province of Santa Cruz. ...


It was named Port Desire by the privateer Thomas Cavendish in 1586 after the name of his ship, and later became known by the Spanish translation of the name. The straggly town has a couple of pleasant squares, a former railway station and two museums, one with a collection of indigenous artefacts and one at the seafront with relics from the caravel Swift which sank in 1770, recovered after its wreck was discovered in the port in 1982. The coast boasts spectacular scenery and colonies of marine wildlife close to the town. A privateer was a private ship (or its captain) authorized by a countrys government to attack and seize cargo from another countrys ships. ... Thomas Cavendish (1555-1592) was born in Trimley St. ... The word indigenous is an adjective derived from the Latin word indigena, meaning native, belonging to, aboriginal; and has several applications: Indigenous peoples, communities and cultures native or indigenous to a territory; Indigenous (band), a Native American blues-rock band; In biology, indigenous means native to a place or biota... A caravel is a small, highly maneuverable, three-masted ship used by the Portuguese and Spanish for long voyages of exploration beginning in the 15th century. ...


History

The harbour, nearly 32 km (20 miles) long, was used by Magellan and other early navigators. On 17 December 1586 the privateer Thomas Cavendish sailed into the estuary on his flagship the Desire of 120 tons, accompanied by the Hugh Gallant of 40 tons and the Content of 60 tons. He named the harbour Port Desire after his ship, and the point of land at the harbour mouth is still known as Punta Cavendish. They met only a few native Americans, who shot arrows that wounded some of the crew. After ten days Cavendish took his ships on their way, and returned to England in 1588. In 1591 Cavendish set out on another expedition with five ships, himself sailing as admiral on the Leicester Galleon, while the Desire was commanded by captain John Davis. They suffered problems in the winter at the Strait of Magellan so turned north, and on 20 May 1592 the Desire and the Black Pinnace lost touch with other ships and went into Port Desire to wait for Cavendish. He did not turn up, so in August they sailed to the nearby Penguin Island then south, but were caught by a storm and, forced to run before the wind, came on unknown islands, making the first provable sighting of the Falkland Islands. Magellan may refer to the following: Ferdinand Magellan, the Portuguese explorer the Magellan probe, a NASA unmanned space mission to Venus the Magellan Fund, a mutual fund offered by Fidelity Investments. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1586 was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ... Thomas Cavendish (1555-1592) was born in Trimley St. ... Admiral is a word from the Arabic term Amir-al-bahr (Lord of the bay). ... The Strait of Magellan, near Punta Arenas The Strait of Magellan is a navigable route immediately south of mainland South America. ... 20 May is the 140th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (141st in leap years). ... Events January 30 - The death of Pope Innocent IX during the previous year had left the Papal throne vacant. ...


In 1670 John Narborough visited Port Desire and claimed the territory for the Kingdom of Great Britain. Captain John Byron went on from there to claim British possession of the Falklands in the 1760s, then when the Spanish attacked there in 1770 one of the ships forced to flee was the corvette Swift which returned to Port Desire, but was shipwrecked on a concealed rock. Sir John Narborough (d. ... Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right)1 Capital London Head of State King of Great Britain Head of Government Prime Minister Parliament House of Commons, House of Lords This article is about the historical state called the Kingdom of Great Britain (1707-1800). ... John Byron (November 8, 1723 – April 10, 1786) was a British vice-admiral. ... French steam corvette Dupleix (1856-1887) Canadian corvettes on antisubmarine convoy escort duty during World War II. A corvette is a small, maneuverable, lightly armed warship, smaller than a frigate. ...


The port continued in use, and perhaps its most famous visitor came with the Voyage of the Beagle under captain Robert FitzRoy which brought the young naturalist Charles Darwin on 23 December 1833 for the first of several visits while HMS Beagle carried out its hydrographic survey. HMS Beagle, from an 1841 watercolour by Owen Stanley The Voyage of the Beagle is a title commonly given to the book written by Charles Darwin published in 1839 as his Journal and Remarks, which brought him considerable fame and respect. ... Robert FitzRoy Vice Admiral Robert FitzRoy (July 5, 1805 - April 30, 1865) achieved lasting fame as the captain of HMS Beagle and as a pioneering meteorologist who invented weather forecasts, also proving an able surveyor and hydrographer as well as Governor of New Zealand. ... Natural history is an umbrella term for what are now usually viewed as a number of distinct scientific disciplines. ... In his lifetime Charles Darwin gained international fame as a controversial and influential scientist. ... December 23 is the 357th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (358th in leap years). ... 1833 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... HMS Beagle (centre) from an 1841 watercolour by Owen Stanley, painted during the third voyage while surveying Australia. ... Hydrography is the measurement of physical characteristics of waters and marginal land. ...


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