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Encyclopedia > Puerta del Sol
Puerta del Sol, from left to right, the House of the Post Office, Calle Mayor and the statue of Charles III

The Puerta del Sol (Spanish for "Gate of the Sun") is one of the most well known and busiest places in Madrid. This is the centre (Km 0) of the radial network of Spanish roads. The square also contains the famous clock whose bells mark the traditional eating of the Twelve Grapes and the beginning of a new year. The New Year's celebration has been broadcast live on TV since 31 December 1962. Image:Madrid-sol. ... Image:Madrid-sol. ... Motto: (Spanish for From Madrid to Heaven) Location Coordinates: , Country Spain Autonomous Community Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid Province Madrid Administrative Divisions 21 Neighborhoods 127 Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón Jimémez (PP) Area  - Land 607 km² (234. ... Kilometre Zero of French national highways, located in Paris on the square facing the main entrance of Notre Dame cathedral, and considered the official center of the city of Paris. ... Railways total: 15,988 km (most railways in Spain are operated by RENFE, narrow-gauge lines (like in India) are operated by FEVE and other carriers in individual autonomous communitites) broad gauge (1668 mm): 12,781 km (6,358 km electrified; 2,295 km double track) standard gauge (1435 mm... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

History

The Puerta del Sol originated as one of the gates in the city wall that surrounded Madrid in the 15th century. Outside the wall, medieval suburbs began to grow around the Christian Wall of the 12th century. The name of the gate came from the rising sun which decorated the entry, since the gate was oriented to the east. (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ...


Between the 17th and 19th centuries, the area was an important meeting place. (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The House of the Post Office was built by French Architect Maquet between 1766 and 1768. The building was the headquarters of the Ministry of Interior and State Security during the Francisco Franco dictatorship. It is currently the seat of the Presidency of the Madrid Community. General Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco Bahamonde (4 December 1892 - November 20, [1] 1975), commonly abbreviated to Francisco Franco (pron. ... Capital Madrid Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 12th  7 995 km²  1,6% Population  â€“ Total (2005)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 3rd  5 964 143  13,5%  745,98/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  Madrilenian  madrileño/a Statute of Autonomy March 1, 1983 ISO 3166-2 M Parliamentary representation  â€“ Congress seats...

Bear and the Madroño Tree, heraldic symbol of Madrid

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 472 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Taken by Rifleman 82 on 310506. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 472 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Taken by Rifleman 82 on 310506. ...

Contents of the Puerta

The Puerta del Sol contains a number of well known sights associated both domestically and internationally with Spain. On the south side, the old Post Office is used as the center of government for the Madrid Community (not to be confused with the municipal government, which is housed elsewhere). Also on its south side, the square holds a mounted statue of Charles III of Spain, nicknamed "the mayor of Madrid" for his public works program. The famous Tio Pepe lighted sign is above the square's western building between the Calle Mayor and the Calle de Arenal. On the north side lies a statue of a bear and a madrone tree (madroño), the heraldic symbol of Madrid. The Mariblanca (actually Venus) marks the place of a former fountain. Capital Madrid Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 12th  7 995 km²  1,6% Population  â€“ Total (2005)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 3rd  5 964 143  13,5%  745,98/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  Madrilenian  madrileño/a Statute of Autonomy March 1, 1983 ISO 3166-2 M Parliamentary representation  â€“ Congress seats... Charles III of Spain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... We dont have an article called Tio pepe Start this article Search for Tio pepe in. ... Species See text Arbutus is a genus of trees in the family Ericaceae. ...

The kilómetro cero (kilometer zero) on the pavement in front of the House of the Post Office.
The kilómetro cero (kilometer zero) on the pavement in front of the House of the Post Office.

The kilómetro cero is directly north of the Post Office and serves as the symbolic center of Spain. In addition to serving as the basis of numbering in the Spanish road system, the symbolic nature of the plaza ensures that it is the site of many rallies and protests, particularly against violence and war. The Puerta has seen protests against the terrorism perpetuated by ETA [1], the March 11th attacks on Madrid's commuter trains, and Spain's involvement in the Iraq War [2]. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 738 KB) Kilometer 0 of the Spanish roads on the Puerta del Sol, Madrid, Spain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 738 KB) Kilometer 0 of the Spanish roads on the Puerta del Sol, Madrid, Spain. ... Railways total: 15,988 km (most railways in Spain are operated by RENFE, narrow-gauge lines (like in India) are operated by FEVE and other carriers in individual autonomous communitites) broad gauge (1668 mm): 12,781 km (6,358 km electrified; 2,295 km double track) standard gauge (1435 mm... Cercanías are commuter train networks that cover major metropolitan areas in Spain. ... For other uses, see Iraq war (disambiguation). ...


A Metro station named Sol lies under the square. The Madrid Metro is the large metro subway system serving the city of Madrid. ...


Adjacent buildings consist of many shopping establishments catering to locals and tourists alike, such as El Corte Inglés department store, La Mallorquina cafe, and numerous, ever-changing restaurants. The area remains active late into the night and early morning since nearby bars and dance clubs often only start entertainment at 1 am. Street music is also common in the area. Tourists on Oahu, Hawaii Tourism is travel for predominantly recreational or leisure purposes or the provision of services to support this leisure travel. ... El Corte Inglés in Sanchinarro, Madrid. ...


Side streets close to the square also contain residential flats, some small offices, and tourist hostels. Youth hostel in Rome. ...


Location in Madrid

The Puerta is unsurprisingly located in the very heart of Madrid. Immediately to the southwest lies the Plaza Mayor; the Palacio Real, the official home of the Royal Family, is further west. Parliament and the museum district are to the east and the train station Atocha is to the southeast. Plaza Mayor with the Casa de la Panadería to the left The Plaza Mayor is a central plaza in the city of Madrid, Spain. ... Palacio Real de Madrid The Palacio Real de Madrid (Royal Palace of Madrid) is the official residence of the King of Spain, located in the Spanish capital of Madrid. ... Juan Carlos I, King of Spain (baptized as Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias) was born on January 5, 1938 in Rome and is the reigning King (Rey de España) and head of state of Spain. ... The Cortes Generales (Spanish for General Courts) is the legislature of Spain. ... Interior plaza in old Atocha station Exterior of old Atocha station For other uses, see Atocha (disambiguation). ...


Namesakes

  • Puerta del Sol, a Spanish-language audiomagazine (bimonthly audio-recording-with-annotated-transcription periodical), a tool to help speakers of Spanish as a foreign language to advance from intermediate toward advanced skill level.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Puerta del Sol

Coordinates: 40°25′01″N, 3°42′13″W Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Puerta del Sol - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (616 words)
The Puerta del Sol (Spanish for "Sun Gate") is one of the most well known and busiest places in Madrid.
The Puerta del Sol originated as one of the gates in the city wall that surrounded Madrid in the 15th century.
The House of the Post Office was built by the French Architect Maquet between 1766 and 1768, and it was the building of the Ministry of Interior and State Security during the Francisco Franco dictatorship and it is currently the seat of the Presidency of the Madrid Community.
Puerta del Sol in Madrid by Europe-Cities (618 words)
The Puerta del Sol is the centre of the Spanish road network, known as Km 0.
Puerta del Sol was initially a city gate in the wall, encircling Madrid in the 1400s.
Many of the Puerta's attractions are considered symbols of Spain, both at home and abroad.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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