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Encyclopedia > Puducherry
  ?புதுச்ேசரி
Territoire Unione de Pondichéry
Union Territory of Puducherry

India
Coordinates: 11°56′N 79°50′E / 11.93, 79.83
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area 492 km² (190 sq mi)
Capital Puducherry
Largest city Puducherry
District(s) 4
Population
Density
973,829 (2nd)
• 1,979/km² (5,126/sq mi)
Language(s) Tamil, French, Telugu, Malayalam
Governor Mukut Mithi
Chief Minister N. Rangaswamy
Established 1 July 1963
Legislature (seats) Unicameral (30)
ISO abbreviation IN-PY
Website: www.pondicherry.nic.in

Coordinates: 11°56′N 79°50′E / 11.93, 79.83 Puducherry (formerly Pondicherry ) is a Union Territory of India. It is a former French colony, consisting of four non-contiguous enclaves, or districts, and named for the largest, Pondicherry. A Union Territory is an administrative division of India. ... The city of Pondicherry (Hindi: पॉण्डिचेरी) is a union territory, a small town enclaved within the state of Tamil Nadu. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh National Capital Territory of Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar... This article is about the capital city of the eponymous Union Territory. ... This article is about the capital city of the eponymous Union Territory. ... The divisions of a district. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh National Capital Territory of Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar... As a large and linguistically diverse country, India does not have a single official language. ... Tamil ( ; IPA ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamils in India and Sri Lanka, with smaller communities of speakers in many other countries. ... “Telugu” redirects here. ... Malayalam ( ) is the language spoken predominantly in the state of Kerala, in southern India. ... Gouverneur Général de lInde française, untill de-facto Independance upto 1954. ... Mukut Mithi (born 1954) is the former Chief Minister of the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. ... // Pondicherry Chief Ministers of India Pondicherry Legislative Assembly Pondicherry (Lok Sabha constituency) Lieutenant Governors of Pondicherry Categories: | | | | ... N. Rangaswamy or N Rangasamy (born August 4, 1950) has been Chief Minister of Pondicherry, India, since October 27, 2001. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Government of India (Hindi: भारत सरकार [1]Bhārat Sarkār), officially referred to as the Union Government, and commonly as Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of a federal union of 28 states and 7 union territories, collectively called the Republic of... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... ISO 3166-2 for India (ISO 3166-1 : IN) The purpose of this family of standards is to establish a worldwide series of short abbreviations for places, for use on package labels, containers and such. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Image File history File links Pondicherry. ... A Union Territory is an administrative division of India. ... In human geography, an enclave is a piece of land which is totally enclosed within a foreign territory. ... The city of Pondicherry (Hindi: पॉण्डिचेरी) is a union territory, a small town enclaved within the state of Tamil Nadu. ...


In September 2006, the territory changed its official name from Pondicherry to the vernacular original,[1] Puducherry, which means "New village"[2] in the Tamil language. The territory is called புதுச்ேசரி (Putuccēri) or பாண்டிச்ேசரி (Pāṇṭiccēri) in Tamil,, or "Pondichéry" in French. It is also known as The French Riviera of the East (La Côte d'Azur de l'Est). Tamil ( ; IPA ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamils in India and Sri Lanka, with smaller communities of speakers in many other countries. ...

Contents

Geography

Pondicherry consists of four small unconnected districts: Pondicherry, Karaikal, and Yanam on the Bay of Bengal and Mahé on the Arabian Sea. Puducherry(Pondicherry) and Karaikal are by far the larger ones, and are both enclaves of Tamil Nadu. Yanam and Mahé are enclaves of Andhra Pradesh and Kerala respectively. The territory has a total area of 492 km²: Puducherry (city) 293 km², Karaikal 160 km², Mahé 9 km² and Yanam 30 km². It has 900,000 inhabitants (2001). The city of Pondicherry (Hindi: पॉण्डिचेरी) is a union territory, a small town enclaved within the state of Tamil Nadu. ... Karaikal, also Karikal, is one of the four regions of the Union Territory of Pondicherry. ... Yanam or Yanaon is a district of the Union territory of Pondicherry and a town in that district. ... Look up Bay of Bengal in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Mahé (disambiguation). ... The Arabian Sea (Arabic: بحر العرب; transliterated: Bahr al-Arab) is a region of the Indian Ocean bounded on the east by India, on the north by Pakistan and Iran, on the west by Arabian Peninsula, on the south, approximately, by a line between Cape Guardafui, the north-east point of Somalia... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... “Andhra” redirects here. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ...


History

Main article: History of Puducherry
Pondicherry was mentionned in the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, 1st century CE.

The History of Pondicherry can be traced back to 2 AD. The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, of the early 2 AD, mentions a marketplace named Poduke (ch. 60), which G.W.B. Huntingford identified as possibly being Arikamedu (now part of Ariyankuppam), about 2 miles from the modern Pondicherry. Huntingford further notes that Roman pottery was found at Arikamedu in 1937, and archeological excavations between 1944 and 1949 showed that it was "a trading station to which goods of Roman manufacture were imported during the first half of the 1st century AD".[3] History related to Union Territory of Puducherry means, Colonial History of Pondicherry, History. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 439 pixelsFull resolution (3496 × 1918 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 439 pixelsFull resolution (3496 × 1918 pixel, file size: 1. ... Names, routes and locations of the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea. ... History related to Union Territory of Pondicherry means, Colonial History of Pondicherry, History. ... The 2nd century is the period from 101 - 200 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... Names, routes and locations of the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea. ... Arikamedu is an archaeological site near Pondicherry, southern India, where Mortimer Wheeler conducted its best-known excavation in the 1940s. ... Ariyankuppam(Tamil: அரியாங்குப்பம்) is a commune Panchayat in the Union Territory of Pondicherry, India. ... Archaeology or sometimes in American English archeology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains, including architecture, artefacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ...


French influence

A remarkable degree of French influence in Puducherry exists to this date. Puducherry was designed based on the French grid pattern and features neat sectors and perpendicular streets. The entire town is divided into 2 sections, the French Quarter (Ville Blanche or 'White town') and the Indian quarter (Ville Noire or 'Black Town'). Many streets still retain their French names and French style villas are a common sight in Puducherry. In the French quarter, the buildings are typically colonial style with long compounds and stately walls. The Indian (Tamil) quarter consists of houses lined with verandas, and houses with large doors and grills. These French and Indian style houses are identified and its architecture is preserved from destruction by an organization named INTACH. If ever anyone wishes to demolish the existing house in the town area and rebuild, they need the permission from this organization and the new built house should resemble the same architectural beauty it possessed before destruction. The use of French language can be still seen in Pondicherry. Colonial house Henry M. Jacksons home Everett, Washington A colonial house, also called Georgian, is a style of house that was popular in America from 1690 to 1830. ... Languages Tamil Religions Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Jainism Related ethnic groups Dravidian people Brahui people Kannadigas Malayalis Tamils Telugus Tuluvas Gonds The Tamil people are a multi-ethnic group from the Indian subcontinent with a recorded history going back more than two millennia. ... The Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage, also known as INTACH, is an autonomous non-governmental Indian non-profit society that seeks to preserve Indian culture and heritage. ...


Puducherry still has a large number of Tamil and a small number of non-Tamil residents with French passports, these are descendants of those who chose to remain French when the then ruling French Establishment presented the people of Puducherry with an option to either remain French or become Indians at the time of Puducherry's Independence. Apart from the monuments pertaining to the French period, there is the French Consulate in Puducherry and several cultural organisations. Another important one is 'Le Foyer du Soldat'. It is a Legion hall for soldiers who served in the different French wars.


Of the cultural organisations the French Institute of Pondicherry, the Pondicherry Centre of the École française d'Extrême-Orient and a branch of the Alliance Française are noteworthy. A French-medium school system, the Lycée Français de Pondichéry, continues to operate under the aegis of the French Minister of National Education (France). French Institute of Pondicherry (Institut Francais de Pondecherry) was established as a result of framework of the Cessation Treaty of French Territories in India, and was officially inaugurated on 20th March 1955. ... The École française dExtrême-Orient (EFEO) is a French institute dedicated to the study of Asian societies. ... The Alliance française logo The Alliance française (AF) is a non-profit organisation whose mission is to promote French language and culture outside France. ... The Lycée Français de Pondichéry in India is the most important French high school (lycée français) of Asia. ... Categories: French government | France-related stubs | Education in France ...


Images from the 'French Town'


Official languages of Government

Map of Puducherry Region, Union Territory of Puducherry, India

Official languages of Puducherry are French, Tamil, Telugu and Malayalam. Status of each languages varies differently with respect to each district. When communicating between districts of different languages, generally English is used for convenience[citation needed]. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2284x2354, 1640 KB) Summary Map of Pondicherry Region, Union Territory of Pondicherry, India. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2284x2354, 1640 KB) Summary Map of Pondicherry Region, Union Territory of Pondicherry, India. ... Tamil ( ; IPA ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamils in India and Sri Lanka, with smaller communities of speakers in many other countries. ... “Telugu” redirects here. ... Malayalam ( ) is the language spoken predominantly in the state of Kerala, in southern India. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


1.Tamil: Language used by the Puducherry Government, especially used when communicating within and between the Tamil majority districts of (Puducherry and Karikal) along with issuing official decrees. Also the official Language in Tamil Nadu state. Tamil ( ; IPA ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamils in India and Sri Lanka, with smaller communities of speakers in many other countries. ... Categories: India geography stubs | Pondicherry | Cities and towns in India ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ...


2.French: It is also the official language of Puducherry Union territory. It was the official language of French India (1673-1954) and its official language status was preserved by Traité de Cession (Treaty of Cession) signed by India and France on 28 May 1956. An official language is a language that is given a unique legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... French India is highlighted in light blue on the subcontinent. ... 1673 (MDCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year (149th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


It remained as the de jure official language of Puducherry U.T by the Article XXVIII of Traité de Cession which states that, Look up De jure in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

  • Le français restera langue officielle des Établissements aussi longtemps que les répresentants élus de la population n'auront pas pris une décision différente (French version)
  • The French language shall remain the official language of the Establishments so long as the elected representatives of the people shall not decide otherwise (English version)

Regional official languages

3. Telugu: Another official language of Puducherry, but used only within Yanam (Telugu district). So, more correctly, it is considered a regional official language of Puducherry while being official language of Yanam District. It also has an official language status in Andhra Pradesh State. “Telugu” redirects here. ... Yanam or Yanaon is a district of the Union territory of Pondicherry and a town in that district. ... “Andhra” redirects here. ...


4. Malayalam: Another official language of Puducherry, but used only within Mahe (Malayalam district). So, more correctly, it is considered a regional official language of Puducherry while being official language of Mahe District. It also has an official language status in Kerala State and Lakshadweep Islands Union Territory. Malayalam ( ) is the language spoken predominantly in the state of Kerala, in southern India. ... Categories: India geography stubs | Pondicherry ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... Lakshadweep is the smallest Union Territory of India. ...


Language spoken in numbers

As of 2001, number of people speaking in each official languages are, [citation needed]

  • Tamil: 220,749 (In Puducherry and Karikal Districts)
  • Telugu: 31,362 (In Yanam District only)
  • Malayalam: 36,823 (In Mahe District only)
  • French: Above 10,000

Tamil ( ; IPA ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamils in India and Sri Lanka, with smaller communities of speakers in many other countries. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Malayalam (മലയാളം ) is the language spoken predominantly in the state of Kerala, in southern India. ...

Government & administration

Pondicherry Legislative Assembly
See also: Lieutenant Governor of Pondicherry and List of Chief Ministers of Pondicherry

Pondicherry is a Union Territory of India, not a separate State, which implies that the governance and administration of the territory falls directly under the federal authority in New Delhi. However, along with Delhi, Pondicherry is one of the two union territories in India, which is entitled by special constitutional amendments to have an elected legislative assembly and a cabinet of ministers, thereby enjoying partial statehood powers. Under the special provision, the government is permitted to make laws with respect to specific matters. In many cases, such legislations may require the ratification from the federal government or the assent of the President of India. Image File history File links Pondicherry_Legislative_Assembly. ... Image File history File links Pondicherry_Legislative_Assembly. ... // The Union Territory of Pondicherry comprising of four enclaves namely, Pondicherry (Pondichéry), Karaikal (Karikal), Mahe (Mahé) and Yanam (Yanaon) that were ruled by French before independence. ... Pondicherry had had French system of municipal administration since 1880 and till the last poll held in 1968. ... Pondicherry is a Union Territory of India, not a separate State, which implies that the governance and administration of the territory falls directly under the federal authority in New Delhi. ... Chief Ministers of Pondicherry See also Pondicherry Chief Ministers of India External links Categories: | | | | ... A Union Territory is an administrative division of India. ... , This article is about the urban region that is the capital of India. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Delhi. ... A Legislative Assembly in some parts of the Commonwealth refers to a legislature, or a chamber of the legislature. ... The President of India (Hindi: Rashtrapati) is the head of state and first citizen of India and the Supreme Commander of the Indian armed forces. ...


The Centre is represented by the Lt. Governor, who resides at the Raj Nivas (Le Palais du Gouverneur) at the Park, the former palace of the French Governor. The Central government is more directly involved in the financial well-being of the territory, as against the states where financial administration, given a budgeted central grant is the responsibility to the state governments. Consequently, Pondicherry has at various times, enjoyed lower taxes, especially in the indirect category. Pondicherry is a Union Territory of India, not a separate State, which implies that the governance and administration of the territory falls directly under the federal authority in New Delhi. ... An indirect tax (such as sales tax, value added tax (VAT), or goods and services tax (GST)) is collected from the person who bears the tax by intermediaries and the proceeds passed on to government. ...


Special Administration Status

According to Traité de cession dated 1956, the four former French colonies were assured of maintaining their special administrative status. That is why Pondicherry is the only Union Territory with some special provisions like Legislative Assembly, French as official language, etc. French India is highlighted in light blue on the subcontinent. ...


The Article II of Traité de Cession states that,

  • The Establishments will keep the benefit of the special administrative status which was in force prior to 1 November, 1954. Any constitutional changes in this status which may be made subsequently shall be made after ascertaining the wishes of the people.

Pondicherry's special position in Indian Spiritual Philosophy

Pondicherry was the residence of one of India's most renowned Freedom Fighter and Spiritualist, Sri Aurobindo. The world-famous Sri Aurobindo Ashram and its offshoot, Auroville still operate from Pondicherry. Sri Aurobindo (Bangla: শ্রী অরবিন্দ Sri Ôrobindo, Sanskrit: श्री अरविन्द Srī Aravinda) (August 15, 1872–December 5, 1950) was an Indian/Hindu nationalist, scholar, poet, mystic, evolutionary philosopher, yogi and guru [1]. After a short political career in which he became one of the leaders of the early movement for the freedom of India... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Pondicherry in literature

Life of Pi is a novel by Canadian author Yann Martel. ... Yann Martel (born June 25, 1963 in Salamanca, Spain) is a Canadian author best known for the Man Booker Prize-winning novel Life of Pi. ... Lee Langley is an award-winning British novelist. ... Roald Dahl (IPA: ) (13 September 1916 – 23 November 1990) was a Welsh novelist, short story author and screenwriter of Norwegian parentage, famous as a writer for both children and adults. ... For other uses, see Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (disambiguation). ... Willy Wonka is a character in the classic Roald Dahl childrens book Charlie and the Chocolate Factory and its sequel Charlie and the Great Glass Elevator. ... For other uses, see Chocolate (disambiguation). ... A portrait of Sherlock Holmes by Sidney Paget from the Strand Magazine, 1891 Sherlock Holmes is a fictional detective of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, who first appeared in publication in 1887. ... The Sign of Four (1890) was the second novel featuring Sherlock Holmes written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. ... Arthur Conan Doyle Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle (May 22, 1859 - July 7, 1930) is the British author most famously known for his stories about the detective Sherlock Holmes, which are generally considered a major innovation in the field of crime fiction. ...

Economy

Macro-economic trend

This is a chart of trend of gross state domestic product of Puducherry at market prices estimated by Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation with figures in millions of Indian Rupees.

Year Gross State Domestic Product
1980 1,840
1985 3,420
1990 6,030
1995 13,200
2000 37,810

Puducherry's gross state domestic product for 2004 is estimated at $2 billion in current prices.


Places to Visit


  • Manakula Vinayagar Temple
  • Pondicherry Beach
  • Auroville
  • Aurobindo Ashram
  • Chunnambar boat house
  • Bharathi Park
  • Museum
  • Romain Rolland Library
  • Botanical Garden
  • Anglo-French textile mills

Colleges in Puducherry


  • Pondicherry University
  • JIPMER
  • Pondicherry Engineering College
  • Rajiv Gandhi College of Engineering and Technology
  • Achariya Group of Educational Institutions
  • [1]
  • Achariya Cambrian College
  • Achariya Arts and Science college
  • Achariya Teacher Training Acedemy
  • Achariya college of Education
  • Sri Manakula Vinayagar Engineering College
  • Bharathihar College of Engineering and Technology
  • Mahatma Gandhi Dental College
  • Rajiv Gandhi College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences
  • Dr.Ambedkar Govt. Law College
  • Kanchi Mamunivar Centre for P.G. Studies
  • Tagore Arts College
  • Bharathidasan Govt. College for Women
  • Mothilal Nehru Govt. Polytechnic
  • Women's Polytechnic

Pondicherry University was established in October 1985 by the Government of India through an Act of Parliament. ... Pondicherry Engineering College (or PEC) is one of Indias premier engineering institutes located in the city of Pondicherry in Puducherry Union Territory. ...

Road Network

Puducherry is endowed with excellent infrastructural facilities on par with the best available in the country. A network of all weather metalled roads connecting every village exists in the territory. Puducherry has a road length of 2552 km (road length per 4.87 km²), the highest in the country.


Road length comparsion with Tamilnadu and India as a whole.

ROADS
Total Road Length (in Puducherry) 2552 km.
Road Length per 1000 km². Puducherry Tamil Nadu India
4575 1572 663

Classification of Roads

Sl. No. Type of Road Length in

(km)

1


National Highways

64.450

2


State Highways

49.304

3


District & Other Roads

 
 


Puducherry - 173.384

 
 


Karaikal - 55.162 Karaikal, also Karikal, is one of the four regions of the Union Territory of Pondicherry. ...

 
 


Mahe - 19.622 Categories: India geography stubs | Pondicherry ...

 
 


Yanam - 26.460 Yanam or Yanaon is a district of the Union territory of Pondicherry and a town in that district. ...

 
 


274.628

274.628

4


Rural Roads

 


Puducherry - 164.964

 
 


Karaikal - 83.470 Karaikal, also Karikal, is one of the four regions of the Union Territory of Pondicherry. ...

 
 


248.434

248.434

 


Grand Total

636.816

See also

Puducherry District is one of the four district of Puducherry Union Territory. ... Many interrelated political, cultural, socio-economic and geographical factors contributed to the liberation of French Establishments in India. ... // [edit] Introduction Though the French established colonies in India in seventeeth century itself, it was not untill during the end of 19th Century they started civil administration in French India. ... Chief Ministers of Pondicherry See also Pondicherry Chief Ministers of India External links Categories: | | | | ... The Lok Sabha constituency of Pondicherry covers the entire area of the Union Territory of Pondicherry. ... Pondicherry had had French system of municipal administration since 1880 and till the last poll held in 1968. ... French and other European settlements in India. ... now. ... -1... French India is highlighted in light blue on the subcontinent. ... Life of Pi is a novel by Canadian author Yann Martel. ... JIPMER (Jawaharlal Institue of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research) Pondicherry, India. ... Pondicherry Engineering College (or PEC) is one of Indias premier engineering institutes located in the city of Pondicherry in Puducherry Union Territory. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Ariyankuppam(Tamil: அரியாங்குப்பம்) is a commune Panchayat in the Union Territory of Pondicherry, India. ...

External links

  • A Cyber Joint for Pondicherry University Alumni
  • Veerampattinam Car Festival, August 2007
  • PEACEFUL PONDICHERRY
  • Pondicherry
  • Future of French India, by Russel H. Fifield (Associate Professor of Political Science at University of Michigan
  • Official website of the Government of the Union Territory of Pondicherry
  • Pudhucherry Flower Show 2007
  • Two youngsters from Pondicherry on World Tour for Global Peace
  • Bharath English High School, Ariyankuppam, Pondicherry
  • Pachaivazhiamman Koil, Ariyankuppam
  • Temples in and around the Pondicherry
  • Temples in Kizhur, a Historical Village in the Pondicherry Freedom Struggle
  • Pondicherry and its Photos
  • About Pondicherry History
  • Pondicherry - its Early Origins
  • Freedom struggle in Pondicherry
  • Indian Ministry for External Affaires - 1956 Treaty of Cession
  • India visa information
  • Amazing pictures of Pondicherry *Poduke or Arikamedu the most ancient Tamil city
  • Arikamedu is the ancient International Trade Centre in Ariyankuppam, Pondicherry
  • Exploration Off Arikamedu by Archaeological Survey of India
  • Arikamedu Archaeological Site in India - A Brief Note by Discover India Site
  • Excavations at Arikamedu
  • A Complete Guide to Pondicherry
  • Pondicherry Flowers
  • Karaikal Struggle Group (KSG)
  • Tamil Online Radio's

References

  1. ^ Bill to rename Pondicherry as Puducherry passed <http://www.hindu.com/2006/08/22/stories/2006082207481000.htm>.
  2. ^ BBC: "New name for old French territory" <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/5365248.stm>.
  3. ^ The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, transl. G.W.B. Huntingford (Hakluyt Society, 1980), p. 119.


India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ... “Andhra” redirects here. ... , Arunachal Pradesh   (Hindi: Aruṇācal PradeÅ›) is the eastern most state on Indias north-east frontier. ... Assam   (Assamese: অসম Ôxôm) is a north eastern state of India with its capital at Dispur, a part of Guwahati. ... For other uses, see Bihar (disambiguation). ... , Chhattisgarh (Chhattisgarhi/Hindi: छत्तीसगढ़, IPA: )  , a state in central India, formed when the sixteen Chhattisgarhi-speaking southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh gained statehood on November 1, 2000. ... For other uses, see Goa (disambiguation). ... This article is for the Indian state. ... For the town in Hoshiarpur district, see Hariana. ... , Himachal Pradesh   (Panjabi: ਹਿਮਾਚਲ ਪਰਦੇਸ਼,(Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश, IPA: ) is a state in the north-west of India. ... This article is about the area administered by India. ... , Jharkhand   (Hindi: झारखंड, Bengali: ঝাড়খণ্ড,IPA: ) is a state in eastern India. ... , Karnataka (Kannada: ಕನಾ೯ಟಕ, IPA:  ) is a state in the southern part of India. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... , Madhya Pradesh (abbreviated as MP)   (HindÄ«: मध्य प्रदेश, English: , IPA: ), often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA:  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... , Manipur   (Bengali: মণিপুর, Meitei Mayek: mnipur) is a state in northeastern India making its capital in the city of Imphal. ... , Meghalaya   is a small state in north-eastern India. ... , Mizoram   is one of the Seven Sister States in northeastern India on the border with Myanmar. ... , Nagaland   is a hill state located in the far north-eastern part of India. ... , Orissa   (Oriya: ଓଡ଼ିଶା), is a state situated on the east coast of India. ... , This article is about the Indian state of Punjab. ... , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ... , Sikkim (Nepali:  , also Sikhim) is a landlocked Indian state nestled in the Himalayas. ... Tamil Nadu (&#2980;&#2990;&#3007;&#2996;&#3021; &#2984;&#3006;&#2975;&#3009;, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... Tripura   (Bengali: ত্রিপুরা, Hindi: त्रिपुरा) is a state in North East India. ... , Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: , translation: Northern Province, IPA: ,  ), [often referred to as U.P.], located in central-south Asia and northern India, is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Republic of India. ... , Uttarakhand (Hindi: उत्तराखंड), known as Uttaranchal from 2000 to 2006, became the 27th state of the Republic of India on November 9, 2000. ... , West Bengal (Bengali: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ Poshchimbôŋgo) is a state in eastern India. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Andaman Islands. ... , Chandigarh   (Punjabi: , Hindi: , pronunciation: ) also called The City Beautiful , is a city in India that serves as the capital of two states: Punjab and Haryana. ... Dadra and Nagar Haveli (Gujarati: દાદરા અને નગર હવેલી, Hindi: दादरा और नगर हवेली, Urdu: دادرہ اور نگر حویلی, Portuguese: Dadrá e Nagar-Aveli) is a Union Territory in western India. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Daman and Diu (Portuguese: Gujarati is the main language; use of Portuguese is declining because it is not official or taught at school (but still spoken by 10% in Daman). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Union Territory of Puducherry v  d  e ]
Puducherry Topics | History | Economy | Geography | Culture | Tourism
Capital Puducherry
Districts PuducherryKaraikalMaheYanam
Major Towns PuducherryKaraikalMaheYanam
Languages FrenchTamilMalayalamTelugu

 
 

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