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Encyclopedia > Publication
Look up publication in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

To publish is to make publicly known, and in reference to text and images, it can mean distributing paper copies to the public, or putting the content on a website. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML...


The word publication means the act of publishing, and it also means any writing of which copies are published, and any website. Among publications are books, and periodicals, the latter including magazines, scholarly journals, and newspapers. “Publisher” redirects here. ... A book is a set or collection of written, printed, illustrated, or blank sheets, made of paper, parchment, or other material, usually fastened together to hinge at one side. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Academic publishing describes the subfield of publishing which distributes academic research and scholarship. ...


Computers and the internet have changed the face of publishing, lowering the cost, and allowing more people to publish, through both desktop publishing and internet publishing. The tower of a personal computer. ... Adobe InDesign CS2, one of many popular desktop publishing applications. ...

Contents

Specific publications

Some publications have to be characterized in a more specific sense and contexts. Examples:

Academic publishing describes the subfield of publishing which distributes academic research and scholarship. ... Open access publishing is the publication of material in such a way that it is available to all potential users without financial or other barrier. ...

Web publishing

To publish on the Web. See website, Web template systems, Blog, etc. Look up web in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Stub, for web template + template engine + standards (of plugs and languages) The basic process on the system: content (from database), and presentation specifications (from web template), producing (through the template engine) web pages. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Legal definition

Copyright

"Publication" is a technical term in legal contexts and especially important in copyright legislation. An author of a work generally in the initial owner of the copyright on the work. One of the copyrights granted to the author of a work is the exclusive right to publish the work. The copyright symbol is used to give notice that a work is covered by copyright. ... Copyright symbol Copyright is a set of exclusive rights regulating the use of a particular expression of an idea or information. ...


In the United States, publication is defined as:

the distribution of copies or phonorecords of a work to the public by sale or other transfer of ownership, or by rental, lease, or lending. The offering to distribute copies or phonorecords to a group of persons for purposes of further distribution, public performance, or public display, constitutes publication. A public performance or display of a work does not of itself constitute publication.
To perform or display a work "publicly" means –
(1) to perform or display it at a place open to the public or at any place where a substantial number of persons outside of a normal circle of a family and its social acquaintances is gathered; or
(2) to transmit or otherwise communicate a performance or display of the work to a place specified by clause (1) or to the public, by means of any device or process, whether the members of the public capable of receiving the performance or display receive it in the same place or in separate places and at the same time or at different times.
—17 USC 101

Furthermore, the right to publish a work is an exclusive right of the copyright owner (17 USC 106), and violating this right (e.g. by disseminating copies of the work without the copyright owner's consent) is a copyright infringement (17 USC 501(a)), and the copyright owner can demand (by suing in court) that e.g. copies distributed against his will be confiscated and destroyed (17 USC 502, 17 USC 503). The Cathach of St. ...


The definition of "publication" as "distribution of copies to the general public with the consent of the author" is also supported by the Berne Convention, which makes mention of "copies" in article 3(3), where "published works" are defined.[1] In the Universal Copyright Convention, "publication" is defined in article VI as "the reproduction in tangible form and the general distribution to the public of copies of a work from which it can be read or otherwise visually perceived."[2] Many countries around the world follow this definition, although some make some exceptions for particular kinds of works. In Germany, §6 of the Urheberrechtsgesetz additionally considers works of the visual arts (such as sculptures) "published" if they have been made permanently accessible by the general public (i.e., erecting a sculpture on public grounds is publication in Germany).[3] Australia and the UK (as the U.S.) do not have this exception and generally require the distribution of copies necessary for publication. In the case of sculptures, the copies must be even three-dimensional.[4][5] The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, sometimes called the Berne Union or Berne Convention, adopted at Berne in 1986, first established the recognition of copyrights between sovereign nations. ... The Universal Copyright Convention (UCC), adopted at Geneva in 1952, is one of the two principal international conventions protecting copyright; the other is the Berne Convention. ...


Official publication

In some countries, the publication in the official journal is a condition for the law to come into effect and it is released in the public domain. The Official Journal of the European Communities is the gazette of record for the European Union. ... Coming into force refers to the date and process by which legislation, or part of legislation, becomes a law. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


Taxonomy

In Biological scientific classification (Taxonomy), the publication of the description of a taxon has to comply with some rules. This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. ... Look up taxonomy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A taxon (plural taxa), or taxonomic unit, is a grouping of organisms (named or unnamed). ...

  • It must be published in Latin.
  • It must be published on paper.
  • The publication must be generally available.
  • The date of publication is the date the published material became generally available.

Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ...

References

  1. ^ Berne Convention, article 3(3). URL last accessed 2007-05-29.
  2. ^ Universal Copyright Convention, Gevena text (1952), article VI. URL last accessed 2007-05-29.
  3. ^ German UrhG, §6, in German. URL last accessed 2007-05-29.
  4. ^ Australian Copyright Act, section 29: Publication. URL last accessed 2007-05-29.
  5. ^ Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 (c. 48), section 175, Copyright law of the United Kingdom. URL last accessed 2007-05-29.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The current copyright law of the United Kingdom is to be found in the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 (the 1988 Act), with later amendments. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • RayMing Chang, Publication Does Not Really Mean Publication: The Need to Amend the Definition of Publication in the Copyright Act, 33 AM. INTELL. PROP. L. ASS'N Q.J. 225: This article analyzes the definition of publication in the 1976 Copyright Act and finds strong support for the proposition that electronic dissemination (e.g., "Internet publishing") of works does not result in publication under American copyright law. This article argues that the definition of publication needs to be amended to explicitly include electronic dissemination.

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