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Encyclopedia > Public access television
Look up public access television in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Public access television in the United States is a form of Citizen media, similar to Canada's Community channel, Australia's Community television and other models of media created by private citizens. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... Citizen Media, Participatory Media, or Democratic Media refers to any form of content produced by private citizens, which has as its goal to inform and empower all members of society. ... Community Channel Community Channel broadcasts across the UK on digital cable (NTL and Telewest) and digital terrestrial television (Freeview), and also both the UK and Republic of Ireland on digital satellite television (Sky). ... The phrase community television has been used somewhat differently around the world. ...

Due to the 1984 Cable Franchise Policy and Communications Act, US cable companies are required to fund local organizations to provide training and access to media technology and cable distribution on the local cable systems. This legislation was intended to enrich communities with the opportunity to produce community-initiated programming and address local issues and concerns on the electronic medium. In its conception, Public access television pertained only to the cable television technology of the times, but many Public access organizations now include television, radio and the internet within the spectrum of communications. Public access television is one type of PEG access, short for Public, Educational, and Governmental, the three traditional structures of access within a municpality. A piece of legislation sponsored by Senator Barry Goldwater passed into law that allowed a monopolies on Cable Television in each community in exchange for 3% of all revenues to be granted to the communities themselves. ...



In the United States, Public access is a result of the cable television industry. There was concern within communities as cities began contracting for cable TV service that companies were using public by-ways (such as roads and sidewalks to run cable wires) to make a profit and many advocates believed some form of 'rent' should be paid for their use. Cable companies at the time were greater in number and smaller in size and negotiating this arrangement was eventually confirmed by the FCC and US cable companies were then required to provide a percentage of revenue from the cable TV subscription fees to provide Public access to the cable systems. The abbreviation FCC can refer to: Face-centered cubic (usually fcc), a crystallographic structure Federal Communications Commission, a US government organization Farm Credit Corporation/Farm Credit Canada, a Canadian government organization Families with Children from China, an adoption support organization Florida Christian College, a college in central Florida Fresno City...

In 1968 Rand said the Dale City (Virginia) Junior Chamber of Commerce maybe operated the first community-operated closed-circuit television channel in the United States, when Cable TV, Incorporated gave a channel to the Public access center, but poor financing, low-quality equipment and lack of a permanent studio may have contributed to the center's failure two years later. 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday. ... The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit global policy think tank first formed to offer research and analysis to the United States armed forces. ... Dale City is an unincorporated place located in Prince William County, Virginia. ... Official language(s) English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Area  Ranked 35th  - Total 42,793 sq mi (110,862 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 7. ...

Fred W. Friendly
Fred W. Friendly

According to Ralph Engelman's Origins of Public Access Cable Television 1966-1972, New York City's public access began in 1968 by Fred Friendly, a television advisor to the Ford Foundation and chairman of Mayor John Lindsay's advisory task force on CATV and Telecommunications, when he wrote a report recommending that cable companies set aside two channels the public could lease for a minor fee. The fee was opposed by others, and was later dropped. In July 1971 public access started. Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Nickname: Big Apple, Gotham, NYC, City That Never Sleeps, The Concrete Jungle, The City So Nice They Named It Twice Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island Settled 1613  - Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City... Fred W. Friendly (October 30, 1915–March 3, 1998) is the former president of CBS News and the creator, with Edward R. Murrow of the documentary television program See It Now. ... The Ford Foundation is a charitable foundation based in New York City created to fund programs that promote democracy, reduce poverty, promote international understanding, and advance human achievement. ... John Vliet Lindsay (November 24, 1921 – December 19, 2000) was an American politician who served as a Congressman (1959-1965) and mayor of New York City (1966-1973). ... Cable television or Community Antenna Television (CATV) (and often shortened to cable) is a system of providing television, FM radio programming and other services to consumers via radio waves transmitted directly to people’s televisions through fixed coaxial cables as opposed to the over-the-air method used in... Telecommunication involves the transmission of signals over a distance for the purpose of communication. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ...

From 1968 to 1970, Canadian filmmaker Red Burns, who'd served on the National Film Board of Canada (NFB)'s Challenge For Change and George C. Stoney, who'd likewise served a guest role, co-founded the Alternative Media Center (AMC) at NYU in 1971. AMC started the National Federation of Local Cable Programmers, which is a public access advocacy organization, with interns that help establish access centers throughout America. In 1972 Burns and Stoney worked with FCC commissioner Nicholas Johnson to make the FCC cable access requirements. The National Film Board of Canada (usually National Film Board or NFB) is a Canadian public filmmaking organization established to produce and distribute films that inform Canadians and promote Canada around the world. ... George C. Stoney (1916-) is a professor of film and cinema studies at New York University, and a pioneer in the field of documentary film. ... The abbreviation FCC can refer to: Face-centered cubic (usually fcc), a crystallographic structure Federal Communications Commission, a US government organization Farm Credit Corporation/Farm Credit Canada, a Canadian government organization Families with Children from China, an adoption support organization Florida Christian College, a college in central Florida Fresno City... Nicholas Johnson is best known for his controversial term as a dissenting Federal Communications Commission commissioner, 1966-1973, and his book, How to Talk Back to Your Television Set. ...

The FCC issued its Third Report and Order in 1972, which required all cable systems in the top 100 U.S. television markets to provide three access channels, one each for educational, local government and public use, where if there was insufficient demand for three in a particular market, the cable companies could offer fewer channels, but at least one, and any group or individual wishing to use the channels was guaranteed at least five minutes free. Also required was for cable companies to provide facilities and equipment with which people could produce shows.

The rule was amended in 1976 to include cable systems in communities with 3500 or more subscribers, and the cable companies had no discretion, but Midwest Video Corporation sued the FCC on the grounds that it had overstepped its authority in requiring the access channels, and in 1979 The Supreme Court ruled in favor of Midwest. 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... For the song by The Smashing Pumpkins, see 1979 (song). ... ...

U.S. Senator Barry Goldwater
U.S. Senator Barry Goldwater

The 1984 Cable Franchise Policy and Communications Act written by Senator Barry Goldwater, allowed local governments to require PEG channels, barred cable operators from exercising editorial control over content of programs carried on PEG channels, and absolved them from liability for that content. http://bioguide. ... http://bioguide. ... A piece of legislation sponsored by Senator Barry Goldwater passed into law that allowed a monopolies on Cable Television in each community in exchange for 3% of all revenues to be granted to the communities themselves. ... Barry Morris Goldwater (January 1, 1909 – May 29, 1998[1]) was a five-term United States Senator from Arizona (1953–1965, 1969–87) and the Republican Partys nominee for President in the 1964 election. ...

Congress passed the Cable Television Consumer Protection and Competition Act of 1992, which gave the FCC authority to create rules requiring cable operators to prohibit certain shows. The Alliance for Community Media and others brought suit, and in 1996 the U.S. Supreme Court held the law unconstitutional, in part because it required cable operators to act on behalf of the federal government to control expression based on content. 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ...

Currently the Alliance for Community Media and others are focusing on operational challenges after new deregulation rules across Texas are directly threatening PEG access.

Public access may also be found in the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Denmark, Fiji, South Africa, Austria, Germany, Brazil, and etc.

Principles of PEG access

PEG access is a government mandate that provides television production equipment, training and airtime on a local cable system so members of the public, educational system, and the government can produce their own shows and televise them to a mass audience.

Municipalities must take initiative and petition the cable operator to provide the funding for PEG access as laid out by law, but municipalities may also choose to take no action and will instead keep the franchise fees in a general fund. A municipality may also choose to allow Governmental access but not Public access or may replace it with Governmental access or may take away Public access altogether, depending on the disposition of the local government or its voters.

Municipalities have a broad spectrum of franchise agreements (a government-granted monopoly) with cable television service providers. Depending on the size of the community and their contractual agreement the PEG and LO channels may take many forms. Large communities often have a separate organization for each PEG type, smaller communities may have a single organization that manages all three. Because each organization will develop its own policies and procedures, constituent services differ greatly between communities. Look up franchise in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In economics, a government-granted monopoly (also called a de jure monopoly) is a form of coercive monopoly in a government grants exclusive privilege to a private individual or firm to be the sole provider of a good or service; potential competitors are excluded from the market by law, regulation...

Public access television

Public access television channels may be run by public grassroots groups or individuals, private non-profits or city organizations and policies and regulations are subject to their own ordinances and community standards.

Services available at Public access organizations are often low cost or free of charge, with an inclusive, content neutral, first-come, first-served, free speech ideology. Monies from cable franchise fees are hopefully used to operate the facilities, employ staff and trainers, develop curriculum, operate training workshops, schedule and maintain equipment, produce programming (live or pre-recorded), manage the cablecast of shows and publish promotion materials to build audiences. Funding and operating budgets vary significantly with the municipality's base cable subscriber volume so that organizations in densely populated areas may be able to offer different services than sparsely populated areas. First come, first served (sometimes first-come, first-served or simply FCFS) is a service policy whereby the requests of customers or clients are attended to in the order that they arrived, without other biases or preferences. ... Freedom of speech is the right to freely say what one pleases, as well as the related right to hear what others have stated. ...

Users of Public access stations may participate at most levels of this structure to make content that is meaningful and reflective of their experience within their communities. Any member of a community may take advantage of public access. Users are not restricted to cable subscribers only. Many Public access channels carry primarily locally produced programs while others also carry regionally or nationally distributed programming. Public access centers are not necessarily bound to traditional one and one half hour block schedules, programs may be about 30 or 60 minutes but may also be of any length, depending on local organizational policies. In the event that a public access channel becomes filled up with programming a franchise may state that more channels may be added to suffice the demand.

Public access centers often allow members to sponsor programming that was produced outside of the municipality. A show that originates outside the municipality is often referred to as "bicycled" programming. Public access centers also may solicit programming that may be valuable to the community despite its origination point.

Educational access television

Educational access is the institution set aside for fulfilling the needs of the educational departments and organizations within the municipality. Educational access channels may be associated with a specific school, school district(s) or even private organizations that are contracted to operate the access station for the city.

Educational access centers usually operate a cable channel on the local cable system and often include elements and principle that echo Public access in terms of training and resources. Many school media and video training programs are based in the Educational Access centers. Programming distributed by these centers ranges from student or parent produced media to coverage of local school functions and bodies (such as the School Council or Committee). There are a number of notable Educational access organizations that produce programming for a national audience and experiences a very broad distribution.

Government access television

Example of a Government access channel in Sarasota, Florida
Example of a Government access channel in Sarasota, Florida

Government access television is a resource of the city to address local municipal programming needs. Often the city or town may use the G channel to cablecast city council meetings, election programming, local emergency announcements and other events and programs as valued by the local government. Image File history File links Publicaccess. ... Image File history File links Publicaccess. ... Cà dZan - a 1925 Sarasota residence that is listed on the National Register of Historic Places Sarasota is a city in the central west coast of Florida, USA. Sarasota Bay and several barrier islands facing the Gulf of Mexico are within its city limits. ...

Local origination

Local origination is typically local programming produced by a cable operator. In contrast with Public access, which is government mandated access for programming, Local origination programming is usually programming of local interest produced by cable company employees or contractors for the cable company. A local high school graduation ceremony produced by cable studio employees and aired on a local cable channel is one such example.

PEG technologies

Equipment available for public access broadcasting is evolving quickly. At its birth, the state-of-the-art PEG facilities were composed of racks full of analog tape decks and an automated video switching system. Recently, the low cost of digital production and distribution equipment, such as cameras, non-linear editing systems, digital video playback servers and new internet technologies have made digital content production the norm. The dropping cost of digital production and distribution gear has changed the way many PEG facilities operate.

PEG challenges

PEG centers have come under fire from many angles including local governments and officials, local producers and viewers and even corporate litigations from potential copyright infringements. Special interest groups have also frequently applied pressure on local PEG operations.

PEG often struggles to balance freedom of speech with free, open access to the cable systems and as a result cable operators or PEG organizations have occasionally rightfully or wrongfully banned producers based on the impact of a specific program, or have removed programming from the schedule because it pushed the legal boundaries of pornography, sedition or slander.

Local governments are required to contract PEG work to city organizations or private non-profits and funding for these groups are often managed through the municipality. Franchise fees ultimately come from the local cable subscribers, paid to the city by the cable operator, and paid then to the PEG centers. Centers have been known to experience interruptions in contract negotiations by the local governments, late payment of contracted operating monies, or obstructive or restricting behavior from the municipalities in general.

PEG centers have also faced challenges from major marketshare cable giants who intend to squelch the single digit percentage of PEG funding that comes from their profit margins. As of 2006, Comcast, AT&T and Verizon are the largest marketshare companies in the United States and lobbied significant legislation through the US House of Representatives to reduce or end PEG funding.

The FCC's official seal.
The FCC's official seal.

Municipalities, local governments and even residents often confuse the difference between broadcast and cablecast television systems. PEG centers have been reported to the FCC about infractions that may apply to Broadcast television, even though Cable television content (including public access television) is not subject to the same rules. For example, Janet Jackson's appearance at the 2004 Super Bowl appeared on broadcast systems which spurred the FCC to threaten networks and their affiliates with additional fines for displaying indecency. Because cable television is a closed system with elective access there are fewer rules and restrictions about the same content. Image File history File links FCCSeal. ... Image File history File links FCCSeal. ... Terrestrial television (also known as over-the-air or OTA) is the traditional method of television broadcast signal delivery, by radio waves. ... Coaxial cable is often used to transmit cable television into the house. ... Janet Damita Jo Jackson (born May 16, 1966) is a Grammy award-winning, Golden Globe, and Academy Award-nominated American singer, songwriter, record producer, dancer, and actress. ... The winning Super Bowl team receives the Vince Lombardi Trophy. ...

PEG also faces technological challenges, often due to the poorly funded and stretched budget of their operation. Access centers are traditionally underfunded and understaffed and give rise to numerous complaints. Complaints range from the poor production quality of scheduled programming, poor scheduling and playback, programming playing late or not at all, or signal strength being so weak that the program becomes unviewable.

Future of PEG access

The cable television cottage industry of the 1960's no longer exists. Since the mid 1980's, large marketshare cable television providers like Comcast, Verizon and AT&T collect billions of dollars across many states using public rights-of-way for cable, telephone and internet infrastructure each year. As cable television technology evolves and is replaced by digital media technology, and Congress and lobby groups struggle to redefine policy, public access organizations nationwide stand to lose massive percentages of operating budget. Public access television is dependent upon revenue from cable television services, should cable television disappear from the marketplace then one of the few institutions that supports Citizen media may vanish with it.

Public access organizations remain in service in their municipalities and continue to serve their missions of empowering communities and facilitating resident communication on a local level. In a changing technology industry, many PEG organizations began investing in training and technology to distribute media in new ways using the internet. In 2005, the consumer media market became flooded with blogs, vlogs, RSS syndication and aggregation, iPod and cell phone media, and countless new methods for distributing information and ideas. As cable television phases out in lieu of a new technology, many access centers adapted these new technologies in order to continue serving their missions and goals within their own constituency. It has been suggested that Online diary be merged into this article or section. ... Videoblog, a portmanteau combining video, web, and log, (usually shortened to vlog) is a blog that includes video. ... For RSS feeds from Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:Syndication. ... The current iPod line. ... Motorola T2288 mobile phone A mobile phone is a portable electronic device which behaves as a normal telephone whilst being able to move over a wide area (compare cordless phone which acts as a telephone only within a limited range). ...

Many media reform and watchdog organizations have been formed to monitor and report on national and global media policy. Free Press, for example, is a "national, nonpartisan organization working to reform the media." Free Press monitors PEG access legislation at Defend Local Access. Save Access, a watchdog organization focused on PEG, is not associated with any specific non-profit organization, nor does it receive any operating funds of any kind (either corporate, non-corporate or foundation related). Both organizations have been identified as respected sources.

Public access in everyday life

The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is not Public access television and has no official connection with PEG. PBS is funded partly by government and tax resources, and partly by private grants and contributions. PEG is funded by cable television companies through subscription fees, and also by private grants and contributions. PBS does not regularly provide free use of facilities to produce programming.

Nevertheless, a PBS program called Mental Engineering started at the Public access channel of Saint Paul, Minnesota, was picked up by KTCA, and had an episode broadcast across the U.S. after Super Bowl XXXVI in 2002, which analyzed the advertisements from the game. The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is a non-profit public broadcasting television service with 349 member TV stations in the United States, with some member stations available by cable in Canada. ... Mental Engineering was a PBS television series where host John Forde led a panel discussion that did critical—and humorous—analysis of TV commercials. ... Location in Ramsey County and the state of Minnesota. ... Twin Cities Public Television (TPT) is the organization that operates the KTCA and KTCI television stations in Minneapolis-St. ... Date February 3, 2002 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Tom Brady, Quarterback (New England) Favorite Rams by 14 National anthem Mariah Carey Coin toss George H. W. Bush and Roger Staubach Referee Bernie Kukar Halftime show U2 Attendance 72,922 TV in the United States Network FOX... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Generally speaking, advertising is the paid promotion of goods, services, companies and ideas by an identified sponsor. ...

A famous fictional Public access program, Wayne's World, draws some comedy from the often stereotyped low production values of material distributed on public access channels (see John Daker). Wayne (left) and Garth (right) displaying a list of the Top Ten Babes of All Time. ... John Daker is the unfortunate victim of an Internet phenomenon similar to that of the Star Wars kid. A video of his vocal performance originally aired on a Peoria, Illinois public-access channel in 1990. ...

Many PEG channels rebroadcast programming from satellite distributions such as Democracy Now!, Free Speech TV and Deep Dish. Democracy Now! logo. ... Free Speech TV is a publicly-supported, independent, non-profit TV channel that is a project of Public Communicators, Inc. ... Deep Dishs single Flashdance Deep Dish is a DJ and dance music duo consisting of Iranian-American members Ali Dubfire Shirazinia and Sharam Tayebi. ...

Elvira and Bobby Flay of The Food Network started out on Public access. Cassandra Peterson (born September 17, 1951) is better known for her on-screen persona Elvira, Mistress of the Dark. She gained fame on Los Angeles television station KHJ wearing a black, gothic, cleavage-enhancing gown as host of Movie Macabre, a weekly horror movie presentation. ... Bobby Flay is an American celebrity chef and restaurateur. ... Television Food Network, normally referred to as Food Network, is a New York-based cable network that airs many specials and recurring (episodic) shows about food, food preparation, at-home entertaining, and restaurants. ...

In the book How to Talk Back to Your Television Set, Nicholas Johnson, FCC commissioner, 1966-1973, in part discusses prototype Public access. Nicholas Johnson is best known for his controversial term as a dissenting Federal Communications Commission commissioner, 1966-1973, and his book, How to Talk Back to Your Television Set. ...

The Philo Awards named after Philo Farnsworth is an annual Public access television competition where the winners receive notice for their efforts in various categories in producing community media. Farnsworth was honored in 1983 by the USPS Philo Taylor Farnsworth (August 19, 1906 – March 11, 1971) was an American inventor best known for being the first person to demonstrate and patent a working electronic television system, a system which still serves as the basis for the current cathode ray...

On the other end of the spectrum, the Found Footage Festival collects examples of generally older public access shows that are unusually badly produced, as a form of comical found art. A poster from the Found Footage Festivals 2006 appearance at the New York Comedy Festival Started in 2004, the Found Footage Festival is a live comedy event and screening featuring odd and hilarious clips from videotapes gathered from thrift stores, garage sales, warehouses, and Dumpsters throughout the United States. ... Fountain by Marcel Duchamp. ...

See also

Citizen Media, Participatory Media, or Democratic Media refers to any form of content produced by private citizens, which has as its goal to inform and empower all members of society. ... Community Channel Community Channel broadcasts across the UK on digital cable (NTL and Telewest) and digital terrestrial television (Freeview), and also both the UK and Republic of Ireland on digital satellite television (Sky). ... The phrase community television has been used somewhat differently around the world. ... Look up guerrilla television in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

External links

Public access organizations

In alphabetical order by state:

Mountain Community Television Channel 15 (commonly known as MCTV 15) is a small public access television station based in Weed, California. ... Evansville is a city located in Vanderburgh County, Indiana. ... The city of Vincennes is the county seat of Knox County, Indiana. ... Evansville is a city located in Vanderburgh County, Indiana. ... Amherst is a town located in Hampshire County, Massachusetts. ... Falmouth is a town located in Barnstable County, Massachusetts. ... Fall River is a city located in Bristol County, Massachusetts. ... Quincy is a city located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts and bears the nickname The City of Presidents. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 88,025. ... Randolph is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Downtown Worcester, with City Hall at the right Worcester is a city in Worcester County in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States of America. ... Harvard Square, May 2000 Cambridge is a city in the greater Boston area in Massachusetts, United States. ... REDIRECT Plymouth (town), Massachusetts   This is a redirect from a title with a U.S. postal abbreviation. ... East Bridgewater is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ... Ruins of abandoned mill along the Merrimack River in downtown Lowell Lowell is a city located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Clarkston, which also goes by the somewhat confusing official name City of the Village of Clarkston, is a city located within Independence Charter Township in Oakland County in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Grand River, Grand Rapids, Michigan, c. ... Twin cities are two cities that are geographically close to each other and may seem to form a single unit, often referred to collectively. ... Moorhead is a city located in Clay County, Minnesota. ... The Gateway Arch, shown here behind the Old Courthouse, is the most recognizable part of the St. ... City nickname: The Southern Part of Heaven County Orange County Mayor Kevin C. Foy Area  - Total  - Water 51. ... Capitol building Bismarck is the capital of North Dakota, a state of the United States of America. ... The Bronx is one of the five boroughs of United States. ... Lehman College is one of the constituent colleges of the City University of New York, USA. Founded in 1931 as the Bronx campus of Hunter College, the school became an independent college within the City University in 1968. ... Brooklyn (named for the Dutch city Breukelen) is one of the five boroughs of New York City. ... Queens is geographically the largest of the five boroughs of New York City in the United States. ... New York, New York redirects here. ... Mayor Tom Potter County Multnomah County Population (2003) 538,544 Time zone Pacific (UTC−8) Portland is the largest city in Oregon, and county seat of Multnomah County. ... Official language(s) None Capital Providence Largest city Providence Area  Ranked 50th  - Total 1,214* sq mi (3,144* km²)  - Width 37 miles (60 km)  - Length 48 miles (77 km)  - % water 32. ... Skyline from Town Lake Austin is the capital of the state of Texas, within the United States of America. ... Arlington County is an urban county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia, in the U.S., directly across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C. Originally part of the District of Columbia, the land now comprising the county was retroceded to Virginia in a July 9, 1846 act of Congress... Blacksburg is a town located in Montgomery County, Virginia. ... This article or section should include material from Virginia Bioinformatics Institute. ... Charlottesville is an independent city located within the confines of Albemarle County in the state of Virginia. ... Official website: http://www. ... Falls Church is an independent city located in Virginia. ... Coordinates: County Thurston County Incorporated January 28, 1859 Mayor Mark Foutch Area    - City 48. ... Nickname: The Emerald City Location of Seattle in King County and Washington Coordinates: Country United States State Washington County King County Incorporated December 2 1869  - Mayor Greg Nickels Area    - City 369. ... Coordinates: Country United States State Washington County King Founded May 28, 1890 Mayor Suzette Cooke Area    - City 73. ... Eau Claire is a city located in west-central Wisconsin. ... Nickname: Cream City, Brew City, Mil Town, The City of Festivals Location of Milwaukee in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin Coordinates: County Milwaukee  - Mayor Tom Barrett Area    - City  97 sq mi (251. ... Location of Sheboygan, Wisconsin Downtown 8th Street Downtown 8th Street Historic Downtown Sheboygan Sheboygans downtown looking southeast along N. 8th St. ...

Educational access organizations

  • MA Falmouth Public Schools Educational Access TV-14 in Falmouth, MA
  • MN Bloomington Educational Cable Television in Bloomington, MI
  • NH Salem Educational Access Television since 1971 in Salem, NH
  • WV Lewis County Education Access Channel(WTGN) Weston, West Virginia WTGN Channel 20 on the Rapid Cable system.

Falmouth is a town located in Barnstable County, Massachusetts. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ... Salem is a town located in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 28,112. ... Weston is a city in Lewis County, West Virginia along the West Fork River. ...

Governmental access organizations

Elk Grove Village is a village located in Cook County, Illinois. ... Harvard Square, May 2000 Cambridge is a city in the greater Boston area in Massachusetts, United States. ... Summersville is a town in Nicholas County, West Virginia, United States. ...

Local origination organizations

Awaiting further contributions.

External PEG access links

  • The Alliance for Community Media, a national organization of PEG centers, is committed to assuring everyone's access to electronic media through public education, a progressive legislative and regulatory agenda, coalition building and grassroots organizing.
  • Free Press
  • Bill Olson's History of Public Access
  • Better Business Bureau The BBB may alert you to complaints against cable companies in your area and may possibly mediate with possible "PEG challenges."
  • Public Access TV weblog that also has information on possible ways to deal with possible "PEG challenges."
  • Five Faves is a Governmental Access show done by volunteer producers on Wilmette Government Television (WCTV) spotlighting favorite things about the local community. Government access Channel 6 in Wilmette, Illinois
  • UnAccess.com Provides open discussion regarding active litigation and related "Public access" legal issues.
  • The Global Village CAT, which contains worldwide links to 600 Community & Public access television sites
  • Douglas Kellner's history of Public Access at the Museum of Broadcast Communications
  • Princeton Server Group [2]
  • The Happy Show is an example of a Public access television show done by Matt Hawes in Evansville, Indiana and aired on Sigecom Channel 9, and Insight Communications Channel 7.
  • 411 Show, formerly on Public access television, is now a San Antonio, TX based pseudo-Public access talk show that usually features 9-19 year old talent and is active in the access efforts across the country, which in part focuses on operational challenges after new deregulation rules across Texas ended PEG access there.
  • Save Cable Access PSA about the Communications Opportunity, Promotion and Enhancement Act of 2006 (COPE Act HR 5252) and network neutrality that affects the internet and public television. Part of the saveaccess.org movement.
  • Boston Neighborhood Producer's Group "Keeping the Public in Public Access"
  • Full Text of The Bill at Public Access.Org



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