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Encyclopedia > Public university
Named America's top graduate school by the National Research Council, the University of California, Berkeley is a public university.
Named America's top graduate school by the National Research Council, the University of California, Berkeley is a public university.
All except one of the British universities are public, including Oxford and Cambridge.
All except one of the British universities are public, including Oxford and Cambridge.

A public university is a university that is predominantly funded by public means through a national or regional government. In The Commonwealth and most European countries the majority of universities are public. British universities have institutional autonomy, which is well respected as it has developed over centuries. In the 20th century they came to rely on the government for most of their funding. The only university which is wholly privately financed in the UK is the University of Buckingham, which has a low profile and caters largely for overseas students. Photograph of Memorial Glade at the UC Berkeley campus taken on November 2, 2002 by gku. ... Photograph of Memorial Glade at the UC Berkeley campus taken on November 2, 2002 by gku. ... The National Research Council of the USA is the working arm of the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering, carrying out most of the studies done in their names. ... The University of California, Berkeley (also known as UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal, and by other names, see below) is the oldest and flagship campus of the ten-campus University of California system. ... Image File history File links RotundaII.jpg Summary The Rotunda at the University of Virginia. ... Image File history File links RotundaII.jpg Summary The Rotunda at the University of Virginia. ... The University of Virginia (also called U.Va. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Image File history File links Cam_formal_dinner_st_johns_hall_2005. ... Image File history File links Cam_formal_dinner_st_johns_hall_2005. ... The University of Oxford, located in the city of Oxford, England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... The University of Cambridge, located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world, with a reputation as one of the worlds most prestigious universities. ... For a list of universities around the world, see Lists of colleges and universities Representation of a university class, 1350s. ... Flag of the Commonwealth of Nations The Commonwealth of Nations is a voluntary association of independent sovereign states, most of which were once governed by the United Kingdom and are its former colonies. ...


In the United States and Japan, both public and private universities are common. Many public universities were formerly private or religious institutions. A private university is a university that is run without the control of any government entity. ... Churchianity is a negative description of organized religion that characterizes it as emphasizing the institutional forms of Christianity (traditions, rituals, committees, and programs) and omitting the actual gospel teachings of Jesus Christ that forms the basis of Christianity. ...


Worldwide, prominent public institutions such as the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge, the University of California, Berkeley, the University of California, Los Angeles, the Paris universities, the University of Melbourne, the Peking University, National University of Singapore, the University of Tokyo, McGill University, the University of Toronto, Trinity College Dublin, Copenhagen University, and ETH Zurich are highly influential centres of research. These universities are ranked among the world's best in The Times Higher Education Supplement and the Academic Ranking of World Universities. The University of Oxford, located in the city of Oxford, England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... The University of Cambridge, located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world, with a reputation as one of the worlds most prestigious universities. ... The University of California, Berkeley (also known as UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal, and by other names, see below) is the oldest and flagship campus of the ten-campus University of California system. ... The University of California, Los Angeles, generally known as UCLA, is a public university whose main campus is located in the affluent Westwood neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, United States. ... The Sorbonne, Paris, in a 17th century engraving The historic University of Paris (French: Université de Paris) first appeared in the second half of the 12th century, but was in 1970 reorganized as 13 autonomous universities (University of Paris I–XIII). ... The Old Quad Building, formerly Old Law The University of Melbourne, located in Melbourne, Victoria, is the second oldest university in Australia, and the oldest in Victoria. ... Peking University (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: BÄ›ijÄ«ng Dàxué), colloquially known in Chinese as Beida (北大, BÄ›idà), was established in 1898, and is one of the oldest universities in China. ... University Cultural Centre The National University of Singapore (Abbreviation: NUS; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: XÄ«njiāpō Guólì Dàxué; Abbreviated 国大; Malay: Universiti Nasional Singapura; Tamil: சிங்கப்பூர் ேதசிய பல்கலைக்கலகம்) is Singapores oldest university, and remains the largest in the country in terms of student enrolment and curriculum offered. ... The University of Tokyo ), abbreviated as Todai ), is one of the leading research universities in Japan. ... McGill University is a publicly funded, non-denominational, co-educational research university located in the city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... The University of Toronto (U of T) is a coeducational public research university in Toronto, Ontario. ... Trinity College, Dublin, corporately designated as the Provost, Fellows and Scholars of the College of the Holy and Undivided Trinity of Queen Elizabeth near Dublin, was founded in 1592 by Queen Elizabeth I, and is the only constituent college of the University of Dublin, Irelands oldest university. ... University of Copenhagen The University of Copenhagen (Danish: Københavns Universitet) is the oldest and largest university and research institution in Copenhagen, Denmark. ... The ETH Zurich, often called Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, is a science and technology university in the city of Zurich, Switzerland. ... Research is often described as an active, diligent, and systematic process of inquiry aimed at discovering, interpreting, and revising facts. ... The Times Higher Education Supplement, also known as The Times Higher or The THES for short, is a newspaper based in London that reports specifically on issues related to higher education. ... // One of the most widely cited rankings, the Academic Ranking of World Universities is compiled by researchers from Shanghai Jiao Tong University and includes major institutes of higher education ranked according to a formula that took into account alumni winning Nobel Prizes and Fields Medals (10 percent), staff winning Nobel...

Contents

Public Universities Worldwide

North America

In the United States, most public universities are state universities founded and operated by state government entities. Every U.S. state has at least one public university to its name, and the largest states have more than a dozen. This is a direct result of the 1862 Morrill Land-Grant Acts, which gave each eligible state 30,000 acres (120 km²) of federal land upon which to establish educational institutions. States generally charge higher tuition to out-of-state students, a practice which the United States Supreme Court has deemed constitutional because the state is acting as a market participant providing a service, rather than protecting a fundamental right. It has never been determined whether the U.S. Constitution would allow the federal government to establish a federal university system; the only federally chartered universities that currently exist are those under the auspices of the U.S. military, such as West Point, the Naval Academy and the United States Air Force Academy. quagmire:For alternate meanings see state university (disambiguation). ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      A state of the United States is any one of the fifty subnational entities referred to... The Morrill Land-Grant Acts are United States statutes that allowed for the creation of land-grant colleges. ... The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C. The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C., (large image) The Supreme Court of the United States, located in Washington, D.C., is the highest court (see supreme court) in the United States; that is, it has ultimate judicial authority within the United States... The term market participant is used in United States constitutional law to describe a U.S. State which is acting as a producer or supplier of a marketable good or service. ... A fundamental right is a right that has its origin in a countrys constitution or that is necessarily implied from the terms of that constitution. ... Page I of the Constitution of the United States of America Page II of the United States Constitution Page III of the United States Constitution Page IV of the United States Constitution The Syng inkstand, with which the Constitution was signed The Constitution of the United States is the supreme... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      The government of the United States of America, established by the U.S. Constitution, is a... The armed forces of the United States of America consist of the United States Army United States Navy United States Air Force United States Marine Corps United States Coast Guard Note: The United States Coast Guard has both military and law enforcement functions. ... USMA redirects here. ... The United States Naval Academy (USNA) is an institution for the undergraduate education of officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps and is in Annapolis, Maryland, near Washington D.C. The Academy often is referred to simply as Annapolis although naval officers normally refer to it in conversation... The United States Air Force Academy (USAFA), located in Colorado Springs, Colorado, (, ), is an institution for the undergraduate education of officers in the United States Air Force. ...


Historically, most of the prestigious universities in the United States have been private. Some public universities, like the University of California, Berkeley and the University of Michigan, are also considered highly prestigious, and the comparability of the top public universities and the elite private universities was affirmed by Richard Moll (who designated such prestigious public universities Public Ivies). State support of public universities have been continuously declining forcing many of these universities to seek private support through alumni, and more controversially, corporations. Professional graduate programs in law, business, and medicine rely almost solely on private funding. The University of California, Berkeley (also known as UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal, and by other names, see below) is the oldest and flagship campus of the ten-campus University of California system. ... The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (UM or U of M) is a coeducational public research university in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Richard Moll as Bull. Richard Moll (born January 13, 1943) in Pasadena, California, USA is an actor, best known as Nostradamus Bull Shannon, the tall (standing 6 feet 7 and a half inches), shaven-headed bailiff on NBCs sitcom Night Court. ... Wren Building (College of William and Mary) Alumni Hall (Miami U) Sather Gate (UC Berkeley) Central Campus Diag (U of Michigan) Old Well (UNC-Chapel Hill) UT Tower (U of Texas) Williams Hall (U of Vermont) The Rotunda (U of Virginia) Public Ivy is a colloquialism for a state-funded...

See also: Universities in the United States

In Canada, education is a constitutional responsibility of the individual provinces. Most universities are established and operated under provincial legislation, but a few of the oldest were founded by Royal Charter. All major Canadian universities are publicly-funded but maintain institutional autonomy, with the ability to decide on admission, tuition and governance. In the United States, the term university refers to institutions of higher learning that offer a wide range of undergraduate and postgraduate degrees and conduct research in those fields. ... Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories. ... A Royal Charter is a charter given by a monarch to legitimize an incorporated body, such as a city, company, university or such. ...


The Group of Thirteen is an organization of the country's thirteen leading research-intensive universities. Additionally, McGill University and the University of Toronto are members of the Association of American Universities, along with sixty public and private institutions in the United States. Private universities in Canada are relatively new and mostly exist at the undergraduate level. The Group of Thirteen, more commonly referred to as the G13 (or G-13), is a group of leading research-intensive universities in Canada. ... McGill University is a publicly funded, non-denominational, co-educational research university located in the city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... The University of Toronto (U of T) is a coeducational public research university in Toronto, Ontario. ... The Association of American Universities (AAU) is an organization of leading research universities devoted to maintaining a strong system of academic research and education. ... In some educational systems, undergraduate education is post-secondary education up to the level of a Bachelors degree. ...

See also: Universities in Canada

In Mexico, the UNAM (Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico), sometimes simply known as the "National University of Mexico" was founded in 1551. It is the largest University in the country and one of the largest in the world with over 250,000 students including all its system of high-schools. By percentage, it contributes the most to the country's academic research and cultural development although there are other significant public institutions such as the National Polytechnic Institute (IPN), and the federal state-run universities. Universities in Canada are established and operate under provincial government charters. ... The National Autonomous University of Mexico (Spanish: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; abbreviation: UNAM) was founded in 1551, and is now the largest university in Latin America and it is considered the best University of this region based on the Beijing University and the London Times suplemments. ... The National Polytechnic Institute (in Spanish: Instituto Politécnico Nacional, IPN) is one of the largest Mexican public universities. ...

See also: List of universities in Mexico

i love america A listing of universities in Mexico: Private Universidad de Montemorelos (UM, in Montemorelos)website Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey (ITESM, in Monterrey) Centro de Enseñanza Técnica y Superior (CETYS) Centro Universitario México, División de Estudios Superiores Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de...


Latin America

Public universities in South America are generally more academically rigorous and therefore prestigious than their private counterparts, as academic goals are not blurred by profit motives.


In Costa Rica the Universidad de Costa Rica, the Universidad Nacional, and the Instituto Tecnologico de Costa Rica, all public universities, are among the nations most prestigious institutions. Nevertheless, the UN-sponsored University for Peace and the INCAE Business School, are to be taken note of.


In Peru, the admission test required to enter national (public) universities requires higher scores. The public opinion sees this from the four century old National University of San Marcos, that it has seen as the most respected public education institution in the country. Also many other public universities follow the same rigurosity pattern used at Saint Mark's university, like National Agrarian University. National University of San Marcos or University of Saint Mark [1](Spanish: Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos (UNMSM), or simply San Marcos) is a public university in Lima, Peru. ... La Molina National Agrarian University (Spanish:Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina) (UNALM) is a state-owned university in Lima, Peru. ...


In Brazil, many of the most renowned universities are public such as the Universidade de São Paulo, Universidade Estadual de Campinas and the Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. The University of São Paulo (Universidade de São Paulo, USP) is one of the three public universities funded by the State of São Paulo. ... Main entrance of the Campinas campus Universidade Estadual de Campinas (State University of Campinas), shortly Unicamp, is one of the public universities of the State of São Paulo, Brazil. ... The Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (Portuguese: Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, UFRJ) is the largest federal university of Brazil, where state-owned colleges are the best and most qualified institutions. ...


In Argentina, public universities such as the Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA), Universidad Nacional de La Plata (UNLP), Universidad Tecnológica Nacional (UTN) are among the most respected, although a few private institutions such as the Universidad Argentina De La Empresa (UADE) or the Universidad Católica Argentina (UCA) are also held in high esteem. The Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA) is the biggest university in Argentina, founded on August 12, 1821 in the city of Buenos Aires. ... National University of La Plata (Spanish:Universidad Nacional de La Plata) is an Argentine state university, and the most important in La Plata, capital of Buenos Aires Province. ... The Universidad Tecnológica National (National Technological University, UTN) is a national university of Argentina, which specializes in the teaching of engineering sciences. ... Pontificia Universidad Católica Argentina (in English, Pontifical Catholic University of Argentina is a private university with branches in several cities of Argentina. ...


Europe

In Greece, all universities are public and are completely tuition-free. Education is a constitutional responsibility of the state. Private universities cannot be established.


In Denmark, almost all universities are public (except the business academy Niels Brock), and public universities (and public high schools) are held in higher esteem than their private counterparts, a notable thing to notice is that all public universities in Denmark are completely tuition-less.


In France, most of higher education organizations (universities and so-called grandes écoles) are public and charge low tuition fees. Major exceptions are the schools of economic studies such as HEC School of Management. The grandes écoles (French for great schools) of France are higher education establishments outside of the mainstream framework of the public universities. ... The HEC School of Management (in French, the École des Hautes Études Commerciales) is a business school, and one of the most prestigious French Grandes Écoles. ...


In Germany, most higher education institutions are public, too. All German public universities are founded and operated by federal state government entities, all lecturers and professors are public servants. Until 2006, all German public universities were free of tuition fees. However, since then some states adopted tuition fees, others will follow in 2007 or 2008. Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


In Ireland all universities are public and the state pays a substantial amount of the cost of educating its undergraduates. There are a few private institutions of higher learning but none of them have university status.


In Sweden most universities are public. Education in Sweden is normally free, so there are no tuition fees at any university in Sweden. Education in Sweden is mandatory for all children aged 7-16. ...


In Turkey, many of the most renowned universities are public such as the Boğaziçi University and METU, while at the same time a few of the notable universities are private such as Bilkent University. The former Robert College building on South Campus BoÄŸaziçi University is one of the most prominent educational institutions in Turkey, located at the European Side of the Bosphorus, Istanbul (hence the name which means University of Bosphorus). The institution currently known as BoÄŸaziçi University was established... Metu is a market town in western Ethiopia, lying on the Sor River. ... Bilkent University (In Turkish: Bilkent Ãœniversitesi) was founded on October 20, 1984 by Ä°hsan DoÄŸramacı through the resolution of the foundations which had earlier been established by him. ...


Australia

In Australia, the majority of universities are public. There are 38 public universities and only two private universities, Bond University and the University of Notre Dame Australia. The oldest and most prestigious universities in Australia, are known as the Group of Eight and are all public universities. Bond University was the first private university in Australia. ... The University of Notre Dame Australia is a private Roman Catholic university established in 1990 in the Western Australian port city of Fremantle, , . While the University of Notre Dame Australia has strong collegial links [1] with the American University of Notre Dame located in South Bend, Indiana, they are separate... The Group of Eight (Go8) is a lobby group for the tertiary institutions generally considered to be the most prestigious and research-intensive universities in Australia. ...


Kenya

In Kenya there are less Public Universities compared to other African countries such as South Africa. All of the Public Universities are under the control of the Ministry of Education. Students are enrolled after Completing the 8-4-4 System of Education and attaining a Mark of B+ and Above. Students are given a loan by the Government through the HELB{ Higher Education Loan Board}, which they are expected to pay back after completing higher education.


New Zealand

In New Zealand, all universities are public. The oldest (University of Otago) was established by Provincial Ordinance, the next six were established by individual Acts of Parliament, and one (Auckland University of Technology) established by the currently preferred method, an Order-in-Council under the Education Act 1989. The University of Otago in Dunedin is New Zealands oldest university with over 20,000 students enrolled during 2006. ... (For the current top-level subdivision of New Zealand, see Regions of New Zealand) Provinces in New Zealand were used from 1841 until the Abolition of the Provinces Act came into force on November 1, 1876. ... The New Zealand Parliament is the legislative body of the New Zealand government. ... The Auckland University of Technology (AUT) is New Zealand’s newest university, formed on 1 January 2000 when the Auckland Institute of Technology was granted university status. ...


References and footnotes

    See also


      Results from FactBites:
     
    Public university - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1220 words)
    Worldwide, prominent public institutions such as the University of Cambridge, the University of California, Berkeley, the University of Melbourne, the University of Oxford, Peking University, National University of Singapore, the University of Tokyo, the University of Toronto, Trinity College Dublin, Copenhagen University, and ETH Zurich are highly-influential centres of research.
    Additionally, McGill University and the University of Toronto are members of the Association of American Universities, along with sixty public and private institutions in the United States.
    In Ireland all universities are public and the state pays a substantial amount of the cost of educating its undergraduates.
      More results at FactBites »

     
     

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