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Encyclopedia > Public high school
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A public high school is a secondary school that is financed by tax revenues and other government-collected revenues, and administered exclusively by, and at the discretion of, state and local officials. The modifier "high", as applied to the noun "school", seems to have been arisen in the popular vocabulary to distinguish secondary schools from primary, or elementary, schools. In the United States, grade levels beginning in 9th grade and ending in 12th grade are commonly referred to with qualitative, rather than numerical, names. These are: "freshman" for 9th grade, "sophomore" for 10th grade, "junior" for 11th grade and "senior" for 12th grade. These terms are used more often to refer to each successive year in the university curriculum. Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... Secondary school is a term used to describe an institution where the final stage of compulsory schooling, known as secondary education, takes place. ... This article is the current Taxation Collaboration of the Month. ... Alternate uses: Student (disambiguation) Etymologically derived through Middle English from the Latin second-type conjugation verb stŭdērĕ, which means to study, a student is one who studies. ... Alternate uses: Student (disambiguation) Etymologically derived through Middle English from the Latin second-type conjugation verb stŭdērĕ, which means to study, a student is one who studies. ... Look up junior in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up senior in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Contents

Public Schools and Private Schools compared

Public education, on its surface, appears to encourage an acceptance of diversity more common than in private schools, because, ostensibly no one can be denied, by the government as opposed to their peers, access to the services provided by and in public high schools. Access is considered superior because public-school attendees benefit from government subsidies, and thereby usually obtain an education less expensively than their private-school, tuition-paying, counterparts do.


Often, though, private schools develop out of a basic need to preserve religious or aspirational homogeneity, as a vehicle for superior attainment in the educational setting and context, and both of these fundamental qualities are often seen as negatived by the typical public high school regime. At public high schools, overt aspects of religious education are forbidden under the U.S. Constitution and its Establishment clause, while aspirational homogeneity is contrary to the public nature and mission of public high schools.


Nevertheless, at many public high schools, it is possible to obtain an adequate secondary school education. Presently a national debate continues as to whether public schools are a government entitlement program, to be perpetuated and expanded as a flourishing and vital benefit of an advanced society--or as a decaying feature of the welfare state, to be cycled down and ultimately extinguished as the overall societal condition improves, and private-school enrollment increases. The stagnant quality of the perception of the improvement in the quality of public schools suggests that it is unlikely that this debate will be resolved in the near future.


Contemporary Solutions to the Historical Problem of Racial Segregation

Within the public-school system in the United States, historically, challenges to a racially segregationist status quo have (in many cases successfully) been made, specifically being that against segregation). The Rex Theatre for Colored People, Leland, Mississippi, June 1937 Racial segregation is creamy jizz of different races in daily life when both are doing equal tasks, such as eating in a restaurant, drinking from a water fountain, using a rest room, attending school, going to the movies, or in...


In the public-school system, curriculum guidelines are determined by the state and county government, though each school may have a certain amount of latitude to determine its own curriculum based on these guidelines. A state is a set of institutions that possess the authority to make the rules that govern the people in one or more societies, having internal and external sovereignty over a definite territory. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ...


The "public" mission of public high schools

The "public" purpose of the typical public high school is twofold: (1) primarily and mainly to prepare its graduates to enter the labor force; and, (2) also to prepare a segment, usually a minority, of its students, to continue on to post-secondary education (i.e. vocational school or technical school, community college or junior college, and university). A vocational school, providing vocational education and also sometimes referred to as a trade school or career college, and school was operated for the express purpose of giving its students the skills needed to perform a certain job or jobs. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... In Canada and the United States, a community college, sometimes called a technical college, county college, junior college or a city college, is an educational institution providing higher education and lower-level tertiary education, granting certificates, diplomas, and Associates degrees to people like laertes. ... For the Indian grade 11 and 12 schools, see Junior College A junior college is a two-year post-secondary school whose main purpose is to provide a method of obtaining academic, vocational and professional education. ... Representation of a university class, 1350s. ...


At present it remains indeterminate whether social conflicts between elements of these two groups result in a diminishment in overall quality of individual educational attainment and experience. The presence of such conflict may be an impetus for the development of, and support for, University-preparatory schools, wherein all, rather than only a portion, of the students enrolled aspire to attend university. Social conflict is a conflict or confrontation of social powers. ... Representation of a university class, 1350s. ...


Public high schools, government supervision, and the communities they serve

Public high schools, like their private counterparts, provide open forums for communication between students, teachers, administration, and parents, but subject to the limitations specified above. The format of these schools nevertheless provide for interaction (albeit government-supervised) between students and teachers, thus providing an opportunity for public-school students to interact with adults beyond their immediate family. Interaction is a kind of action that occurs as two or more objects have an effect upon one another. ...


Programs at public high schools

Public schools may offer a variety of programs, including magnet programs (which allow students to study the basics of a given career or career field) or International Baccalaureate Diploma Program (a rigorous academic program). There are several levels of coursework, as well, including regular or average coursework (taught on the high school level), advanced or honors coursework (taught on an advanced high school level), Advanced Placement (college-level work taught in a high school setting and offering tests at the end of the academic year that give high school students the opportunity to earn college credit), dual enrollment (college courses made available to high school students at taxpayer expense, and wherein a grade that is considered passing results in high-school and post-secondary credit), and remedial classes (for students who need extra attention to meet benchmarks). The term public school has different (and in some cases contradictory) meanings due to regional differences. ... In the U.S. system of education, a magnet school is a public school which offers innovative courses, specialized training, etc. ... The International Baccalaureate (IB) is a group of three educational programmes, as established by the International Baccalaureate Organization (IBO). ... Honours may refer to: Honours, used to recognise merit in terms of achievement and service in the British honours system Honours degree, in association with Bachelors degree See also Honour or honor, comprises the reputation, self-perception or moral identity of an individual or of a group This is... Advanced Placement (AP) is the term used to describe high school classes that are taught at a college level. ... In education, dual enrollment is where a student is enrolled in two separate, academically related institutions. ...


Notwithstanding criticisms levelled at public high schools, many do provide a variety of extra-curricular activities. And, many public high schools provide both curricular and extra-curricular services that are on a par with some private schools. In any event, these activities allow students to form friendships with people they might not otherwise meet, and to pursue or further develop interests. Some national clubs and activities available to most schools include:

In music, a band is a company of musicians, or musical ensemble, usually popular or folk, playing parts of or improvising a musical arrangement on different musical instruments. ... DECA (formerly the Distributive Education Clubs of America, and also known as Delta Epsilon Chi on the college level) is an international association of students and teachers of marketing, management and entrepreneurship. ... FBLA stands for Future Business Leaders of America. ... The NHS Logo Started in 1921, the National Honor Society, or NHS, is an organization whose intent is to recognize middle and high school students in the United States and across the world. ... A philharmonic orchestra An orchestra is an instrumental ensemble, usually a fairly large instrumental ensemble with string, brass, woodwind sections, and possibly a percussion section as well. ... The National Forensic League is one of two major U.S. national organizations which direct high school competitive speech events. ... Official logo Science Olympiad is a primarily American elementary, middle school, or high school team competition that requires knowledge of various science topics and engineering ability. ... A students union, student government, or student council is a student organization present at many colleges and universities, often with its own building on the campus, dedicated to social and organizational activities of the student body. ... FFA was originally an acronym for Future Farmers of America, but in 1988 the association, in an effort to broaden its potential membership beyond youth working in modern American agriculture changed the name of the organization from Future Farmers of America to National FFA Organization and simply referred to as...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Glossary, Curricular Differentiation in Public High Schools (1370 words)
Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS): An integrated survey of public and private schools, school districts, principals, and teachers conducted during the 1987-88 and 1990-91 school years, and scheduled to be conducted at 3-year intervals.
In 29 percent of schools the teacher's seniority level was reported to have no influence over the assignment of teachers to courses, and 20 percent of schools also indicated that the ability level of students in the course had no effect on teacher assignments.
However, 26 percent of schools reported that students are almost never moved to a lower level English course, and a smaller percentage (16 percent) indicated that students are almost never moved to a lower level math course (Tables 10 and 11).
Reforming Public High Schools: The Greatest Educational Challenge by Pedro A. Noguera / Education Rights / In Motion ... (2467 words)
Not only do students at these schools out perform their counterparts at larger high schools in the same districts on standardized tests, but they also have a clearer sense of where they are going after they graduate, and their schools help them to get there.
Similarly, in many districts, magnet schools are used to draw children from affluent families into public school systems even though it often means that they will be separated and educated under different circumstances than children from economically disadvantaged families (Fuller and Elmore 1996).
Public cynicism and frustration with the pace and progress of reform is growing, and calls for the complete dismantling of public education through various privatization schemes are gaining momentum.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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