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Encyclopedia > Public duties

Public duties are performed by military personnel, and usually have a ceremonial or historic significance rather than an overtly operational role.

Contents

United Kingdom

London

Three infantry battalions of the British army are currently tasked with the provision of Public Duties. Two of these are from the Foot Guards of the Household Division, and one (since 1996) is a line infantry battalion. The former are normally based at Wellington Barracks in central London, within a short distance of Buckingham Palace, and at Victoria Barracks in Windsor Castle, while the latter is at the Cavalry Barracks, Hounslow. Permanent Public Duties companies of the Foot Guards also supplement these men. Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I. Infantry are soldiers who fight primarily on foot with small arms in organized military units, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horses, ships, automobiles, skis, bicycles, or other means. ... In military terminology, a battalion consists of two to six companies typically commanded by a lieutenant colonel. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Foot guards is a term used to describe elite infantry regiments. ... Household Division is term used principally in the Commonwealth of Nations to describe a country’s most elite or historically senior military groupings, or those military groupings that provide functions associated directly with the Sovereign. ... Regular infantry, as distinct from specialised infantry such as Foot Guards, light infantry or special forces. ... Also see: Wellington Barracks, Hong Kong The Foot Guards Battalions on public duties in London are located in barracks conveniently close to Buckingham Palace for them to be able to reach the Palace very quickly in an emergency. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Buckingham Palace and the Victoria Memorial. ... The Foot Guards Battalion stationed at Windsor generally provides the Windsor Castle Guard. ... Windsor castle, a thousand-year-old fortress transformed into a royal palace. ... Cavalry Barracks is a British Army installation located on Hounslow Heath in Hounslow. ... The Guards Division of the British Army contains a total of five battalions, one from each of the five regiments of Foot Guards. ... Foot guards is a term used to describe elite infantry regiments. ...


Line Infantry Battalions on Public Duties since 1996

The 1st Bn, 22nd (Cheshire) Regiment served in this role 1986-1988, stationed at Caterham, the first to do so. The 1st Bn, King's Own Fusiliers in the series Soldier Soldier served for a period on public duties during the run of the series. The Royal Regiment of Wales is an infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Prince of Wales Division. ... Official name The Duke of Wellingtons Regiment (West Riding) Colonel-in-Chief Brigadier His Grace Arthur Valerian Wellesley KG LVO OBE MC BA DL, 8th Duke of Wellington Colonel-of-the-Regiment Major-General Sir Evelyn John Webb-Carter KCB Nicknames The Dukes, The Havercake Lads, The Pattern, The... The Devonshire and Dorset Regiment (usually known as the Devon and Dorset Regiment or just the Devon and Dorsets) is an infantry regiment of the British Army. ... The Wardrobe in Salisbury houses the RGBW regimental museum. ... The Worcestershire and Sherwood Foresters Regiment (29th/45th Foot) is an infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Prince of Wales Division. ... The 22nd (Cheshire) Regiment is an infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Prince of Wales Division. ... Caterham is a town in the Tandridge District of Surrey, England. ... Official name The Kings Own Fusiliers Colonel-in-Chief Colonel Nicknames Motto Honi Soit Qui Mal y Pense Anniversaries Marches Description Infantry regiment (fictional) Creation date 1994 Reason for creation Formed by the amalgamation of two regiments due to the Options for Change defence cuts The Kings Own... Soldier Soldier was a British television drama series. ...


Apart from providing the Queen's Guard at Buckingham Palace and St James's Palace, and the Tower of London Guard, the Public Duties battalions occasionally also provide the Windsor Castle Guard, which is otherwise provided by the battalion based at Windsor. All ceremonial events in London involve the Public Duties battalions. They are also available, should this be necessary, to fulfil the primary role of a royal bodyguard, that of providing armed troops for the defence of the Sovereign and the capital, and of providing military assistance to the civilian authorities as and when needed (such as the firefighters strike). Sentry of the Grenadier Guards posted outside St Jamess Palace The Queens Guard and Queens Life Guard are the names given to contingents of infantry and cavalry soldiers charged with guarding the official royal residences in London. ... Buckingham Palace and the Victoria Memorial. ... Main entrance of St Jamess Palace, London St Jamess Palace is one of Londons oldest and most historic palaces. ... Her Majestys Royal Palace and Fortress The Tower of London, more commonly known as the Tower of London (and historically simply as The Tower), is a historic monument in central London, England on the north bank of the River Thames. ... Windsor castle, a thousand-year-old fortress transformed into a royal palace. ... Windsor (IPA: usually , but also ) is a suburban town and tourist destination in the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead in Berkshire, England. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Bodyguards of Viktor Yushchenko (far left) after leaving Gdansk city hall. ... Armenian king Tigranes the Great. ... This article is about a city that serves as a center of government and politics. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

  • Note 1: The Worcestershire and Sherwood Foresters will be amalgamated in 2007 while they are stationed in London. The 1st Battalion will be renamed as the 2nd Battalion, Mercian Regiment.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... The Mercian Regiment is one of the new large infantry regiments of the British Army. ...

Edinburgh

Public duties are also carried out in Edinburgh, although not as frequently as London. Prior to 2002, sentries were permanently stationed at the entrance to Edinburgh Castle, but these were withdrawn due to cost-cutting measures. Today, sentries are posted during the evenings between 6 pm and 9 am, and throughout the week that HM The Queen spends in Edinburgh at both the castle and the Palace of Holyroodhouse. Sentries are also posted at the castle during the month of the Edinburgh Military Tattoo prior to each performance. , Edinburgh (() pronounced ; Scottish Gaelic: ) is the capital of Scotland and its second largest city. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... The castle dominates the Edinburgh skyline as seen here from Princes Street Gardens Edinburgh Castle is an ancient fortress which, from its position atop Castle Rock, dominates the sky-line of the city of Edinburgh, and is Scotlands second most visited tourist attraction, after the Kelvingrove Art Gallery and... Holyrood Palace The Palace of Holyroodhouse, more commonly known as Holyrood Palace, originally founded as a monastery by David I of Scotland in 1128, has served as the principal residence of the Kings and Queens of Scotland since the 15th century. ... The 2005 Edinburgh Military Tattoo celebrated Trafalgar 200 The Edinburgh Military Tattoo is a show given by military bands and display teams in the Scottish capital Edinburgh. ...


Unlike in London, there is no permanently based foot guards battalion stationed in Edinburgh, so public duties are performed by one of the resident line infantry/rifles battalions. These are currently: 3rd Battalion, The Rifles, based at Redford Barracks, The Royal Scots Borderers, 1st Battalion The Royal Regiment of Scotland, based at Dreghorn Barracks and The Royal Highland Fusiliers, 2nd Battalion The Royal Regiment of Scotland at Glencorse Barracks, Penicuik. These units will rotate duties periodically but the unit under the command of 52nd Infantry Brigade will have responsibility for public duties. For the band The Rifles, see The Rifles (band). ... Redford Infantry Barracks are located on Colinton Road east of the suburb of Colinton in Edinburgh, Scotland. ... The Royal Scots Borderers is the name given to the 1st Battalion of the Royal Regiment of Scotland. ... The Royal Regiment of Scotland is the senior line infantry regiment and only Scottish regiment of the British Army infantry. ... Categories: British Army regiments | Stub ... Penicuik is a burgh in Midlothian, Scotland, lying on the west bank of the River North Esk. ... The 52nd Infantry Brigade is a Scottish formation in the British Army. ...


Edinburgh Military Tattoo sentries

Kings Own Scottish Borderers cap badge and tartan The Kings Own Scottish Borderers is an infantry regiment of the British Army. ... The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders was an infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Scottish Division. ... The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders was an infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Scottish Division. ... The Light Infantry is an infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Light Division. ... The Highlanders (Seaforth, Gordons and Camerons) is an infantry battalion of the British Army. ... Official name The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment) Colonel-in-Chief Honorary-General HRH Mary, Princess Royal (1918) HRH Anne, Princess Royal (1983) Nicknames Pontius Pilates Bodyguard Motto Nemo me impune lacessit (Nobody touches me with impunity) Anniversaries Marches Quick March: Dumbartons Drums Slow March: Garb of Old... Cap Badge of the Royal Gibraltar Regiment The Royal Gibraltar Regiment is the home defence unit for the British Colony of Gibraltar. ... Blue Ensign flown by merchant vessels commanded by officers in the RNR. The Royal Naval Reserve (RNR) is the volunteer reserve force of the Royal Navy in the United Kingdom. ... Official name Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louises) Colonel-in-Chief HM Queen Elizabeth II Nicknames Motto Sans Peur Ne Obliviscaris Anniversaries Balaklava (25 October) Marches Quick: The Highland Laddie Quick: The Campbells Are Coming Charge: Monymusk Funerals: Lochaber No More Mascot A Shetland Pony called Cruachan Description Infantry... The Royal Regiment of Scotland is the senior line infantry regiment and only Scottish regiment of the British Army infantry. ... 40th Regiment Royal Artillery is a regiment of the Royal Artillery in the British Army. ...

Arms Plot

Battalions on public duties are part of the regular arms plot; this is where infantry battalions are periodically rotated to various locations and different roles. From approximately 2006, the arms plot system will cease - battalions will be given fixed roles and locations. In theory, this will include public duties in London, which will retain its two guards and one line infantry battalion. However, for unpopular postings (including public duties), light role infantry battalions will continue to rotate. Under this scheme, several battalions have been initally earmarked to rotate public duties in London: Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Traditionally light infantry (or skirmishers) were soldiers whose job was to provide a skirmishing screen ahead of the main body of infantry, harassing and delaying the enemy advance. ...

Two battalions of foot guards will be assigned to operational formations while the other two are on public duties. These four battalions will rotate with each other. The line infantry and rifles battalions will rotate between public duties as part of London District, service as a resident battalion in Cyprus and serving as part of 52 Infantry Brigade, which holds infantry battalions at high readiness for independent deployment. The Grenadier Guards is the most senior regiment of the Guards Division of the British Army, and, as such, is the most senior regiment of infantry. ... The Coldstream Guards is a regiment of the British Army, part of the Guards Division or Household Division. ... This article deals with the current British Army regiment, for historical regiments, see Historical Irish Guards regiments. ... The Welsh Guards is an infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Guards Division. ... The Princess of Waless Royal Regiment (Queens and Royal Hampshires) is the senior English infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Queens Division. ... The Duke of Lancasters Regiment (Kings, Lancashire and Border) is one of the new large infantry regiments of the British Army. ... The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers is an infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Queens Division. ... The Yorkshire Regiment (14th/15th, 19th and 33rd/76th Foot) is one of the large infantry regiments of the British Army. ... The Royal Welsh is one of the new large infantry regiments of the British Army. ... For the band The Rifles, see The Rifles (band). ...


Canada

Public duties are performed in Ottawa, the capital of Canada. The primary ceremonial duties involve mounting guard at the Canadian Parliament and at Rideau Hall, the official residence of the Governor General. These are performed primarily by the two Canadian regiments of foot guards, detachments of which are formed into the Ceremonial Guard. However, as in London, it would be possible for any Canadian regiment to serve in this capacity. The guard at Parliament Hill and Rideau Hall are mounted daily from early June until late August, with the first parade usually on the Friday before Canada Day. Since 1989, the Governor General's Foot Guards have performed additional public duties in Ottawa during the autumn and winter months. Motto: Advance Ottawa/Ottawa en avant Location of the City of Ottawa in the Province of Ontario Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario Established 1850 as Town of Bytown Incorporated 1855 as City of Ottawa Amalgamated January 1, 2001 Government  - Mayor Larry OBrien  - City Council Ottawa City Council  - MPs List... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Senate Chamber of Parliament Hill in Ottawa. ... Rideau Hall is the official residence of the Governor General of Canada, and is the place of residence of the Monarch of Canada when visiting Ottawa. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Governor General of Canada (French: Gouverneure générale du Canada or Gouverneur général du Canada) is the vice-regal representative in Canada of the Canadian Monarch, who is the Head of State; Canada is one of... The Ceremonial Guard is an ad hoc military unit in the Canadian Forces with elements drawn from two Primary Reserve (militia) regiments of Foot Guards: The Governor Generals Foot Guards from Ottawa and the Canadian Grenadier Guards from Montreal. ... Canada Day (French: Fête du Canada) is Canadas national holiday, marking the establishment of Canada as a self-governing Dominion on July 1, 1867. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... The Governor Generals Foot Guards is one of three Household regiments in the Canadian Army reserve forces, along with The Governor Generals Horse Guards and the Canadian Grenadier Guards. ...


United States

Washington, D.C.

Probably the best-known U.S. military unit to regularly engage in public duties is the 3rd U.S. Infantry Regiment ("The Old Guard") of the U.S. Army. Since April 6, 1948, the regiment is tasked with perpetually guarding the Tomb of the Unknowns at Arlington National Cemetery. The regiment also regularly takes part in White House ceremonies, including at state visits. The 3rd United States Infantry Regiment is a unit of the United States Army. ... The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... Sailor and girl at the Tomb of the Unknowns, May 1943 The Tomb of the Unknowns (also known as the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, although it has never been officially named) is a monument in Arlington National Cemetery, United States dedicated to the American soldiers who have died without... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see White House (disambiguation). ... State visits usually involve a military review. ...


The other U.S. military services have their own ceremonial units.


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