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Encyclopedia > Public aquarium
A 335,000 U.S. gallon (1.3 million litre) aquarium at the Monterey Bay Aquarium in California displaying a simulated kelp forest ecosystem
A 335,000 U.S. gallon (1.3 million litre) aquarium at the Monterey Bay Aquarium in California displaying a simulated kelp forest ecosystem

A public aquarium (plural: public aquaria or public aquariums) is the aquatic counterpart of a zoo, housing aquatic species for viewing. Most public aquaria feature a number of smaller tanks, as well as those greater in size than could be kept by most any home aquarist. Since the first public aquriums built in in the mid-1800s they have became very popular and their number have dramatically increased. Most modern aquaria focus on conservation issues and educating the public.[1] Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1426 KB)Kelp forest exhibit at the Monterey Bay Aquarium. ... Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1426 KB)Kelp forest exhibit at the Monterey Bay Aquarium. ... -1... Kelp Forest Kelp forests are a type of marine ecosystem established around colonies of kelp; they contain rich biodiversity. ... Giraffes in Sydneys Taronga Zoo Zoo redirects here. ... Napoleon crosses Alps. ...

Contents

History

The first public aquarium was opened in London Zoo in 1853.[2] This was followed by the opening of a number of public aquaria in Europe (for example, Paris 1859, Hamburg 1864, 1868, Berlin 1869 and Brighton 1872). P.T. Barnum quickly followed with the first American aquarium, which opened on Broadway in New York. The example was later followed, (Boston 1859, Washington 1873, San Francisco 1894). For other uses, see Aquarium (disambiguation). ... The giant London Zoo aviary London Zoo was the worlds first scientific zoo. ... Phineas Taylor Barnum (July 5, 1810 – April 7, 1891), American showman who is best remembered for his entertaining hoaxes and for founding the circus that eventually became Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus. ... A view of Broadway in 1909 Broadway, as the name implies, is a wide avenue in New York City, and is the oldest north-south main thoroughfare in the city, dating to the first New Amsterdam settlement. ... NY redirects here. ...


In 2005 the non-profit Georgia Aquarium with more than 8 million US gallons (30,000 m³; 30,000,000 liters) of marine and fresh water, and more than 100,000 animals of 500 different species opened in Atlanta, Georgia. The aquarium's notable specimens include whale sharks and beluga whales. Georgia Aquarium The Georgia Aquarium, located in Atlanta, Georgia, is billed as the worlds largest aquarium with more than 8 million US gallons (30,000 m³; 30,000,000 liters) of marine and fresh water, and more than 100,000 animals of 500 different species. ... Nickname: Hotlanta, The Big Peach, The ATL, A-Town Location in Fulton County in the state of Georgia Coordinates: Country United States State Georgia Counties Fulton, Dekalb  - Mayor Shirley Franklin (D) Area    - City 343. ... Binomial name Rhincodon typus Smith, 1828 The whale shark (Rhincodon typus) is a large, distinctively marked member of the subclass Elasmobranchii of the class Chondrichthyes. ... This article refers to the whale, beluga. ...


Current public aquaria

Seal interacting with visitors at the Oregon Coast Aquarium.
Seal interacting with visitors at the Oregon Coast Aquarium.

Modern day aquarium tanks can hold millions of U.S. gallons of water and can house large species, including dolphins, sharks or beluga whales. This is accomplished though thick, clear acrylic glass windows. Aquatic and semiaquatic mammals, including otters,[3] and seals [4] are often cared for at aquaria. Some establishments, such as the Oregon Coast Aquarium, have aquatic aviaries.[5][6] The Oregon Coast Aquarium is an aquarium in Newport, Oregon. ... Genera See article below. ... Orders Carcharhiniformes Heterodontiformes Hexanchiformes Lamniformes Orectolobiformes Pristiophoriformes Squaliformes Squatiniformes Sharks (superorder Selachimorpha) are fish with a full cartilaginous skeleton[1] and a streamlined body. ... Binomial name Delphinapterus leucas (Pallas, 1776) Beluga range White Whale redirects here. ... Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) or poly (methyl 2-methylpropenoate) is the synthetic polymer of methyl methacrylate. ... BRIAN!!!!!! Genera Amblonyx Aonyx Enhydra Lontra Lutra Lutrogale Pteronura The aquatic (sometimes marine) carnivorous mammals known as otters form part of the large and diverse family Mustelidae, which also includes weasels, polecats, badgers, and others. ... // Look up seal in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Oregon Coast Aquarium is an aquarium in Newport, Oregon. ... An aviary is a large enclosure for confining birds. ...


Most aquaria will have special exhibits to entice repeat visitors, in addition to its permanent collection. A few have their own version of a "petting zoo"; for instance, the Monterey Bay Aquarium has a shallow tank filled with common types of rays, [7] and one can reach in to feel their leathery skins as they pass by.-1... Orders Rajiformes - common rays and skates Pristiformes - sawfishes Torpediniformes - electric rays See text for families. ...


Also as with zoos, aquaria usually have specialized research staff who study the habits and biology of their specimens.


Logistics

Feeding time at the Melbourne Aquarium draws a large crowd
Feeding time at the Melbourne Aquarium draws a large crowd

Most public aquaria are located close to the ocean, for a steady supply of natural seawater. An inland pioneer was Chicago's Shedd Aquarium[8] that received seawater shipped by rail in special tank cars. The early (1911) Philadelphia Aquarium, built in the city's disused water works, ironically had to switch to treated city water when the nearby river became too contaminated. [8]Similarly, the recently opened Georgia Aquarium filled its tanks with fresh water from the city water system and salinated its salt water exhibits using the same commercial salt and mineral additives available to home aquarists. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1067, 438 KB) Feeding time, Melbourne Aquarium, File links The following pages link to this file: Aquarium ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1067, 438 KB) Feeding time, Melbourne Aquarium, File links The following pages link to this file: Aquarium ... The Melbourne Aquarium is an aquarium in central Melbourne, founded in 1999. ... Oceans (from Okeanos in Greek) are saline waters that cover almost three quarters (71%) of the surface of the Earth. ... Nickname: The Windy City, The Second City, Chi Town, The City of Big Shoulders, The 312, The City that Works Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in Chicagoland and Illinois Coordinates: Country United States State Illinois County Cook & DuPage Incorporated March 4, 1837  - Mayor... John G. Shedd Aquarium in Chicago in the United States was at one time the largest indoor aquarium in the world with 5 million gallons of water and 22,000 fish; it has since been eclipsed by the 8 million gallon Georgia Aquarium in Atlanta. ... The Philadelphia Aquarium, one of the first aquariums in the United States, was located on the shore of the Schuylkill River in Philadelphia’s decommissioned Fairmount Water Works buildings from 1911 to 1962 as part of Fairmount Park. ... Fairmount Water Works, Philadelphia, about 1874. ... Georgia Aquarium The Georgia Aquarium, located in Atlanta, Georgia, is billed as the worlds largest aquarium with more than 8 million US gallons (30,000 m³; 30,000,000 liters) of marine and fresh water, and more than 100,000 animals of 500 different species. ...


In January 1985 Kelly Tarlton began construction of the first aquarium to include a large transparent acrylic tunnel in Auckland, New Zealand, a task that took 10 months and cost NZ$3 million. The 110-meter tunnel was built from one-tonne slabs of German sheet plastic that were shaped locally in an oven. A moving walkway now transports visitors through, and groups of school children occasionally hold sleepovers there beneath the swimming sharks and rays. Structure of methyl methacrylate, the monomer that makes up PMMA Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) or poly(methyl 2-methylpropenoate) is the synthetic polymer of methyl methacrylate. ... Auckland, in the North Island of New Zealand, is the largest urban area in New Zealand. ...


Top public aquaria are often affiliated with important oceanographic research institutions or conduct their own research programs, and usually (though not always) specialize in species and ecosystems that can be found in local waters. For example, the Vancouver Aquarium in Vancouver, BC is a major center for marine research, conservation, and marine animal rehabilitation, particularly for the rich ecosystem of the Pacific Northwest.[9] The Vancouver Aquarium is a public aquarium located in Stanley Park in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. ... This article refers to the city in British Columbia, Canada. ...


See also

This is a list of aquaria (aquariums): // Two Oceans Aquarium - Cape Town UShaka Marine World - Durban Qingdao Underwater World - Shandong Ocean Park - Nam Long Shan, Hong Kong Okinawa Churaumi Aquarium - Okinawa, the worlds second largest aquarium Osaka Aquarium Kaiyukan - Osaka 63 Bldg. ... Giraffes in Sydneys Taronga Zoo Zoo redirects here. ...

References

  1. ^ [1], AZA official website official website, accessed February 3rd, 2007.
  2. ^ [www.cnn.com/2003/TRAVEL/DESTINATIONS/02/19/aquariums/]
  3. ^ [2], Oregon Coast Aquarium's official website, accessed February 3rd, 2007.
  4. ^ [3], Oregon Coast Aquarium's official website, accessed February 3rd, 2007.
  5. ^ [4], accessed February 3rd, 2007.
  6. ^ [5], Monterey Bay Aquarium's official website, accessed February 3rd, 2007.
  7. ^ [6], Monterey Bay Aquarium's official website, accessed February 3rd, 2007.
  8. ^ a b [7], Shedd Aquarium's official website, accessed February 3rd, 2007.
  9. ^ [8], Vancouver Aquarium's official website, accessed February 3rd, 2007.
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Zoos, Aquaria and Aviaries

Zoo | Public aquarium | Aviary | Menagerie | List of zoos | List of aquaria | List of zoo associations | Endangered species | Conservation biology | Tourist attraction  Giraffes in Sydneys Taronga Zoo Zoo redirects here. ... An aviary is a large enclosure for confining birds. ... Menagerie is the term for a historical form of keeping wild and exotic animals in human captivity and therefore a predecessor of the modern zoological garden. ... The following is a partial list of zoological gardens (zoos): // Giza Zoo National Zoo, Pretoria Johannesburg Zoo East London Please Note the Johannesburg Zoo web site is jhbzoo. ... This is a list of aquaria (aquariums): // Two Oceans Aquarium - Cape Town UShaka Marine World - Durban Qingdao Underwater World - Shandong Ocean Park - Nam Long Shan, Hong Kong Okinawa Churaumi Aquarium - Okinawa, the worlds second largest aquarium Osaka Aquarium Kaiyukan - Osaka 63 Bldg. ... This is a partial list of zoo and aquaria associations: World Association of Zoos and Aquariums (WAZA) Asociación Mesoamericana y del Caribe de Zoológico i Acuarios (AMACZOOA) American Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) Australasian Regional Association of Zoological Parks and Aquaria (ARAZPA) African Association of Zoos and... The critically endangered Amur Tiger, a rare subspecies of tiger. ... Conservation biology, or conservation ecology, is the science of analysing and protecting Earths biological diversity. ... A tourist attraction is a place of interest where tourists visit. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Aquarium (407 words)
An aquarium is an organization devoted to the public exhibition of both freshwater and marine aquatic life.
Aquariums accredited by the Canadian Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums are the Vancouver Aquarium (Vancouver, BC); Aquarium and Marine Centre (Shippagan, NB); and Aquarium de Québec (Sainte-Foy, PQ).
The Aquarium and Marine Centre in Shippagan, with 163 aquatic species, offers conservation and education programs and is the Regional Aquaculture Office and Research Centre for the New Brunswick Department of Fisheries.
aquarium: Definition and Much More From Answers.com (5358 words)
An aquarium in which the dissolved gases are kept at the proper concentrations by the physiological activities of the plants and animals is called a balanced aquarium.
The framed-glass aquarium was a specialized version of the glazed Wardian case developed for British horticulturists in the 1830s to protect exotic plants on long sea voyages.
Aquarium heaters are designed to act as thermostats to regulate water temperature at a level designated by the aquarist when the prevailing temperature of air surrounding the aquarium is below the desired water temperature.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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