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Encyclopedia > Public Health law

Public health law focuses on legal issues in public health practice and on the public health effects of legal practice. Public health law typically has three major areas of practice: police power, disease and injury prevention, and the law of populations. Police Power is the inherent authority of a state to pass and enforce laws to protect and promote the public safety, health, general welfare, and morals of a community. ...


Police power

This area of are employed by governmental agencies. Bioterrorism is a growing focus of this practice area, and public health lawyers have worked in the creation of the Model State Emergency Health Powers Act and the Model State Public Health Act. The Model State Emergency Health Powers Act (MSEHPA) was a proposal by the Center for Law and the Publics Health to aid Americas state legislatures in revising their public health laws to more effectively control epidemics and respond to bioterrorism. ...


Disease and injury prevention

This broader area of public health law applies legal tools to public health problems associated with non-communicable diseases and injury. Practitioners apply legislation, regulation, litigation (private enforcement), and international law to public health problems using the law as an insturment of public health. Litigation against tobacco companies in the United States provides an excellent example. Public health is concerned with threats to the overall health of a community based on population health analysis. ... Legislation refers to the process of enacting statutory laws, or to the set of statutory laws in a state. ... A lawsuit is a civil action brought before a court in order to recover a right, obtain damages for an injury, obtain an injunction to prevent an injury, or obtain a declaratory judgment to prevent future legal disputes. ... International law, is the body of law that regulates the activities of entities possessing international personality. Traditionally, that meant the conduct and relationships of states. ...


Law of populations

Population-based legal analysis is the theoretical foundation of public health law. The law of populations is a relatively new theoretical framework in jurisprudence that seeks to analyze legal problems using the tools of epidemiology. Population-based legal analysis can be applied to traditional public health problems but also has application in environmental law, zoning, evidence, and complex tort. Jurisprudence is the scientific study of law through a philosophical lens. ... Epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of disease in human populations (Rothman and Greenland), and the application of this study to control health problems (Last 2001). ... Environmental law is a body of law, which is a system of complex and interlocking rules, regulations and policies which seeks to protect the natural environment which may be affected, impacted or even endangered by human activities. ... In general, zoning is the division of an area into sub-areas, called zones. ... Evidence has several meanings as indicated below. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
LAW OF PUBLIC HEALTH - Online Information article about LAW OF PUBLIC HEALTH (1931 words)
Numerous acts dealing with public health were passed from 1849 to 1874; and the law was digested into the Public Health Act 1875, as amended by the Local Government Act 1894 and other acts.
The law as to the Metropolis was consolidated, and is now regulated by the Public Health (London) Act 1891.
Public health is under the control of the local authorities to a greater extent than in England.
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