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Encyclopedia > Public Enemy
Public Enemy
Public Enemy in concert in 2006
Public Enemy in concert in 2006
Background information
Origin Long Island, New York
Genre(s) Political rap, hardcore rap, East coast rap
Years active 1982 to present
Label(s) Def Jam, Island, Columbia, Atomic Pop
Associated
acts
Paris, Anthrax
Website http://www.publicenemy.com
Members
Chuck D, Flavor Flav, Professor Griff, DJ Lord
Former members
Terminator X, Hank Shocklee

Public Enemy, also known as PE, is a hip hop group from Long Island, New York, known for their politically charged lyrics, criticism of the media, and active interest in the concerns of the African American community. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1928x1016, 412 KB) // Descripción: Un miembro de Security of the First World, Professor Griff, Chuck D y Flavor Flav, de Public Enemy, en concierto en el Bilbao Urban Musikaldia, en la plaza de toros de Vista Alegre. ... Map showing Long Island; to the north is Connecticut and to the west are New York City and New Jersey. ... NY redirects here. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Hardcore hip hop is a form of hip hop music that has confrontational, often violent lyrics, and generally sparse, gritty urban beats. ... In the early 1990s, two styles of hip hop were popular. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Def Jam Recordings is an American based hip-hop record label that operates as a part of The Island Def Jam Music Group, which is owned by Universal Music Group. ... Paris hails from the San Francisco Bay Area and was catapulted onto the national scene in 1990 with his hit single The Devil Made Me Do It and album of the same name, after earning a degree in economics from University of California-Davis. ... Carlton Douglas Chuck D Ridenhour (born August 1, 1960) is an American rapper, composer, actor, author, radio personality and producer. ... William Jonathan Drayton Jr. ... Richard Professor Griff Griffin (born 1 August 1960) is an American rapper and is a member of the music group Public Enemy and head of the S1W. // A childhood friend of Chuck D, Richard Griffin was exposed to hip-hop as it came to the Long Island, New York town... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Terminator X (born Norman Rogers, 25 August 1966) is best known as the producer DJ of the rap group Public Enemy, which he left in 1999. ... The Bomb Squad is a hip hop production team whose original members were Carl Ryder (Chuck D), Hank Shocklee, Keith Shocklee and Eric Vietnam Sadler. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... This article is about Long Island in New York State. ... Lyrics are the words in songs. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ...


In 2004, Rolling Stone Magazine ranked Public Enemy[1] number forty-four on their list of The Immortals: 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.[2]. They will be inducted into the Long Island Music Hall of Fame in 2007.[3] This article is about the music magazine. ... The Long Island Music Hall of Fame is an organization located in Lake Grove, New York. ...

Contents

History

Public Enemy (PE) formed in Roosevelt, Long Island, New York, in 1982, as an outgrowth of the group "Spectrum", the mobile DJ arm of the Roosevelt Youth Center's radio training program formulated in 1978 by Hank Shocklee, Krandel Newton and Eddie Murphy's first manager Ujima. Though originally the designer of the group's flyers, Chuck became the group's MC when Hank heard him rapping and was impressed with his skills. Around 1982, the group hosted a popular radio program over WBAU, Adelphi University's radio station in which they developed to compete with the newly-formed KISS-FM and to give exposure to local and popular rap artists. Hosted by Chuck D and Butch Cassidy, who would go on to head the Public Enemy sub-group "5ive-O", and deejayed by Hank's brother Keith, he was introduced to Flavor Flav when he accompanied "T.A." from the group "Townhouse Three" (later "Sons of Bazerk") to the studio to do a tape, which eventually led to a camaraderie between the two. Developing his talents as an MC with Flavor while delivering furniture for his father's business, Chuck and "Spectrum City", as they were called, released the record "Check Out The Radio", backed by "Lies", a social commentary - both of which would influence RUSH Productions' Run D.M.C. and Beastie Boys. They were signed to the still developing Def Jam record label after co-founder Rick Rubin heard Chuck D freestyling on a demo. Around 1986, Bill Stephney, the former Program Director at WBAU, was approached by Rubin and offered a position with the label. Stephney accepted, and his first assignment was to help Rubin sign Chuck D, whose song "Public Enemy Number One" he had heard from Doctor Dre. According to the book, The History of Rap Music by Cookie Lommel: "Stephney thought it was time to mesh the hard-hitting style of Run DMC with politics that addressed black youth. Chuck recruited Spectrum City, which included Hank Shocklee, his brother Keith Shocklee and Eric "Vietnam" Sadler, collectively known as 'The Bomb Squad,' to be his production team and added another Spectrum City partner, Professor Griff, to become the group's Minister of Information. With the addition of Flavor Flav and another local mobile DJ named Terminator X, the group Public Enemy was born." Roosevelt is a hamlet (and census-designated place) in Nassau County, New York, United States. ... Map showing Long Island; to the north is Connecticut and to the west are New York City and New Jersey. ... NY redirects here. ... Edward Eddie Regan Murphy (born April 3, 1961, Brooklyn, New York City[1]) is an Academy Award nominated, Golden Globe Award-winning American actor and comedian. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Adelphi University is a private university located in Garden City, in Nassau County, New York. ... WRKS-FM (98. ... Carlton Douglas Chuck D Ridenhour (born August 1, 1960) is an American rapper, composer, actor, author, radio personality and producer. ... Butch Cassidy poses in the Wild Bunch group photo, Fort Worth, Texas, 1901 Butch Cassidy (13 April 1866 - c. ... William Jonathan Drayton Jr. ... Run-D.M.C. (or Run DMC) was a major pioneering hip hop group, founded by Joseph DJ Run Simmons, Darryl D.M.C. McDaniels, and Jason Jam-Master Jay Mizell. ... The Beastie Boys are a musical group from the New York City boroughs of Brooklyn and Manhattan. ... Def Jam Recordings is an American based hip-hop record label that operates as a part of The Island Def Jam Music Group, which is owned by Universal Music Group. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Frederick Jay Rubin (born March 10, 1963 in Lido Beach, New York) is a multiple Grammy Award-winning American record producer best known for his work with rap and heavy metal, as well as the American series albums with Johnny Cash. ... Carlton Douglas Chuck D Ridenhour (born August 1, 1960) is an American rapper, composer, actor, author, radio personality and producer. ... Freestyle rap is an improvisational form of rapping, performed with few or no previously composed lyrics, which is said to reflect a direct mapping of the mental state and performing situation of the artist. ... André Doctor Dré Brown (born on December 5, 1963 in Westbury, New York) is an African American radio personality and former MTV VJ. He is best known for being the co-host of MTVs hip hop music specialty program Yo! MTV Raps with partner Ed Lover. ... Richard Professor Griff Griffin (born 1 August 1960) is an American rapper and is a member of the music group Public Enemy and head of the S1W. // A childhood friend of Chuck D, Richard Griffin was exposed to hip-hop as it came to the Long Island, New York town... William Jonathan Drayton Jr. ... Terminator X (born Norman Rogers, 25 August 1966) is best known as the producer DJ of the rap group Public Enemy, which he left in 1999. ...


It then took roughly one year before their debut, Yo! Bum Rush The Show, was released in 1987 to critical acclaim. They went on to release the revolutionary It Takes a Nation of Millions to Hold Us Back in 1988, which performed better in the charts than their previous release, and included the hit single "Don't Believe the Hype" in addition to "Black Steel in the Hour of Chaos," chronicling a daring prison break. Epic samplers, Public Enemy saw Madonna and Lenny Kravitz, lift the beat for Madonna's hit "Justify My Love" from PE's instrumental "Security of the First World." The album was voted Album of the Year by the The Village Voice Pazz and Jop Poll, the first rap album to be ranked number one by predominantly rock critics. Yo! Bum Rush The Show is a 1987 album by Public Enemy. ... It Takes A Nation Of Millions To Hold Us Back is a 1988 (see 1988 in music) album by the hip hop group Public Enemy. ... Madonna Louise Ciccone Ritchie (born August 16, 1958), better known as simply Madonna, is a six-time Grammy[1] and one-time Golden Globe award winning American pop singer, songwriter, record and film producer, dancer, actress, author and fashion icon. ... Leonard Albert Lenny Kravitz (born May 26, 1964) is an American Grammy Award-winning singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, producer, and arranger whose retro style incorporates elements of rock, soul, funk, reggae, hard rock, psychedelic, folk, and ballads. ... The Village Voice is a weekly newspaper in New York City featuring investigative articles, analysis of current affairs and culture, arts reviews and events listings for New York City. ... The Pazz & Jop critics poll is a highly influential poll of music critics run by The Village Voice newspaper. ...


They also went on to release Fear of a Black Planet, which was considered to be just as militant and controversial as their first two releases. It was also the most successful of any of their albums to date and in 2005 was selected for preservation in the Library of Congress. It included the singles "911 (is a Joke)", which criticized emergency response units for taking longer to arrive at emergencies in the black community than those in the white community, and "Fight the Power", which is considered by many to be the group's anthem. The song is regarded as among the most popular and influential in Hip Hop history and was the theme song for Spike Lee's Do The Right Thing. Their next release, Apocalypse '91...The Enemy Strikes Black, continued this trend, with songs like "Can't Truss It" and "# I Don't Wanna Be Called Yo Niga". The album's influence could be seen and heard in the controversial song and video "By the Time I Get To Arizona" which chronicled the black community's frustration that some states did not recognize the Martin Luther King Jr. holiday. The video featured members of Public Enemy taking out their frustrations on politicians in the states not recognizing the holiday. Fear of a Black Planet is an East Coast rap album by the hip hop group Public Enemy, released on March 20, 1990 (see 1990 in music). ... The Library of Congress is the de facto national library of the United States and the research arm of the United States Congress. ... For the Isley Brothers song, see Fight the Power, Pt. ... An anthem is a composition to an English religious text sung in the context of an Anglican service. ... This article contains a trivia section. ... This article relates to the movie, Do the Right Thing. For cultural terms such as the Right Thing the Wrong Thing Good Things and Bad Things, see Right Thing. ... Apocalypse 91. ...


Legacy

Audio samples:

Public Enemy were pioneers in many ways. Some of Terminator X's most innovative scratching tricks can be heard on the song "Rebel Without a Pause". The Bomb Squad offered up a web of innovative samples and beats; Critic Stephen Thomas Erlewine declares that PE "brought in elements of free jazz, hard funk, even musique concrète, via their producing team, the Bomb Squad, creating a dense, ferocious sound unlike anything that came before." [1] Image File history File links BlackSteelintheHourofChaos. ... Software development stages In computer programming, development stage terminology expresses how the development of a piece of software has progressed and how much further development it may require. ... It Takes A Nation Of Millions To Hold Us Back is a 1988 (see 1988 in music) album by the hip hop group Public Enemy. ... Scratching is a DJ or turntablist technique originated by Grand Wizard Theodore, an early hip hop DJ from New York (AMG). ... Stephen Thomas Erlewine is a music journalist and the Senior Editor for All Music Guide. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... Funk is an African American musical style. ... // Much like electroacoustic music, Musique concrète (French; literally, concrete music), has been subject to conflicting perceptions about its character. ...


PE revolutionized the rap world with their political, social and cultural consciousness, which infused itself into skilled and poetic rhymes with raucous sound collages as a foundation. Prior to PE, political rap was confined to a few tracks by Ice-T and KRS-One; PE were the first hiphop act to base their entire image around a political stance. With the success of Public Enemy, hip-hop was suddenly flooded with new artists that celebrated Afrocentric themes, such as Kool Moe Dee, Gang Starr, X Clan, Eric B. & Rakim, Queen Latifah, the Jungle Brothers and A Tribe Called Quest.[citation needed] This article is about the poetic technique. ... Tracy Marrow (born February 16, 1958)[1], better known by stage name Ice-T, is an American rapper, rock musician, author, and actor. ... KRS-One (born Lawrence Krisna Parker on August 20, 1965 in Brooklyn, New York. ... Mohandas Dewese (born 8 August 1962), better known as Kool Moe Dee, was an American old-school rapper prominent in the late 1980s and early 90s. ... Gang Starr is an influential American hip hop duo composed of MC Guru and DJ Premier based in Brooklyn, New York. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Eric B. & Rakim were an East Coast hip hop duo who popularised the jazz-influenced hip hop of the late 1980s. ... Also see the Arab singer Latifa Queen Latifah (born Dana Elaine Owens, March 18, 1970 in Newark, New Jersey) is a Grammy-winning American rapper/singer, model, and Academy Award-nominated actress. ... The Jungle Brothers are an American alternative hip hop group who pioneered the fusion of jazz and hip hop. ... A Tribe Called Quest is a critically acclaimed American hip-hop group, formed in 1988. ...


They were the first rap-group to make extended world tours, which led to huge popularity and influence in Hip-Hop communities in Europe and Asia. They also changed the Internet's music distribution capability by being one of the first groups to release MP3 albums,[4] a format virtually unknown at the time. MPEG-1 Audio Layer 3, more commonly referred to as MP3, is a popular digital audio encoding format. ...


Public Enemy helped to form and define the so-called "Rap-Rock", correctly known as "Rapcore", genre of music (heavy rock music spliced with hip hop) by collaborating with New York thrash metal outfit Anthrax in 1991. The single "Bring Tha Noize" was a mix of semi-militant "black power" lyrics, grinding guitars and sporadic humor. The two bands, cemented by a mutual respect and the personal friendship between Chuck D and his Anthrax counterpart Scott Ian, introduced a hitherto alien genre to rock fans, and the two seemingly disparate groups even toured together. Flavor Flav's pronouncement on stage that "They said this tour would never happen" (as heard on Anthrax's Live: The Island Years CD) has become something of a legend in both rock and rap circles. Rapcore is a musical genre that fuses the techniques of hip hop, punk, heavy metal and sometimes funk. ... Bring the Noise is a single revisited by the thrash metal band Anthrax and Public Enemy (originally written and performed by Public Enemy in 1988 on the album It Takes A Nation Of Millions To Hold Us Back ,released in July of 1991. ... Scott Ian Rosenfeld (born December 31, 1963) is the rhythm guitarist for the metal band Anthrax who uses the stage name Scott Not Ian. ... The Island Years is the name of the twelfth album by the band Anthrax. ...


Members of the "Bomb Squad" produced or remixed works for other acts such as Bell Biv DeVoe, Ice Cube, Vanessa Williams, Sinéad O'Connor, Blue Magic, Peter Gabriel, LL Cool J, Paula Abdul, Jasmine Guy, Jody Watley, Eric B & Rakim, Third Bass, Big Daddy Kane, EPMD and Chaka Khan. According to Chuck, "We had tight dealings with MCA and were talking about taking three guys that were left over from New Edition and coming up with an album for them. The three happened to be Ricky Bell, Michael Bivins and Ronnie DeVoe, later to become "Bell Biv DeVoe." Ralph Tresvant had been slated to do a solo album for years. Bobby Brown had left New Edition and "blew up" in 1988 and Johnny Gill had just been recruited to come in, but Johnny Gill had come off a solo career and could always go back to that. At MCA, Hiram Hicks, who was their manager, and Lowell Silas, who was running the show, were like, "Yo, these kids were left out in the cold, can y'all come up with something for them." It was a task that Hank, Keith, Eric and I took on to try to put some kind of Hip-Hop flavored R&B sh-t down for them. Subsequently, what happened in the four weeks of December (1989) was that the bomb Squad knocked out a large piece of the production and arrangement on Bell Biv DeVoe's three million selling album, Poison. In January (1990), we knocked out Fear of A Black Planet in four weeks, and we knocked out Ice Cube's album AmeriKKKa's Most Wanted in four to five weeks in February."[5] They have also produced local talent such as Son of Bazerk, Young Black Teenagers, Kings of Pressure and True Mathematics and gave producer Kip Collins his start in the business. Bell Biv Devoe Bell Biv DeVoe was a successful splinter group of New Edition that consisted of three previous members, Ricky Bell (also known as Slick), Michael Bivins (also known as Biv), and Ronnie DeVoe (also known as R.D.). Bell Biv DeVoe began to take shape in the late... Ice Cube (born OShea Jackson on June 15, 1969) is an American rapper, actor and film director. ... Vanessa Lynn Williams This article is about Vanessa Williams the actress and singer, for the actress on Melrose Place see Vanessa Williams (actress). ... Sinéad Marie Bernadette OConnor (born December 8, 1966) is a Grammy Award winning Irish singer and songwriter. ... The Blue Mage is a character class (or job) featured in Square Enixs Final Fantasy series of computer role-playing games. ... Peter Brian Gabriel (born February 13, 1950, in Chobham, Surrey, England) is an English musician. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... Jasmine Guy Jasmine Guy (born March 10, 1964 in Boston, Massachusetts) is an American actress. ... Jody Watley (born Chicago, Illinois on January 30, 1959) is an American pop singer/songwriter, producer and label owner. ... Eric B. & Rakim was an East Coast rap group that popularized the James Brown-sampled funky hip hop of the late 1980s. ... 3rd Bass were a rap group in the late 1980s and early 1990s, notable for being one of the first successful interracial rap groups. ... Antonio Hardy (born September 10, 1968), better known by his stage name Big Daddy Kane, is a rapper from the Bed-Stuy section of Brooklyn, New York. ... EPMD is an American rap group from Brentwood, New York, active from 1987 to 1999; one of the prominent acts in East coast hip hop. ... Chaka Khan (born Yvette Marie Stevens on March 23, 1953 in Great Lakes, Illinois) is an American singer best known for her 1984 cover of Princes I Feel For You, for her smash hit Im Every Woman and as a member of the funk band Rufus, with whom... The Music Corporation of America was a United States based corporation in the music business. ... New Edition is an American R&B/Pop group formed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1980, that was most popular during the 1980s. ... This article is about the two men who played professional football; Ricky Bell is also the name of a singer. ... Michael Lamone Bivins (born August 10, 1968 in Boston, Massachusetts) is the founder and member of the R&B group New Edition and the hip hop group BellBivDeVoe. ... Ronnie DeVoe (born Ronald Boyd DeVoe, Jr. ... Bell Biv Devoe Bell Biv DeVoe was a successful splinter group of New Edition that consisted of three previous members, Ricky Bell (also known as Slick), Michael Bivins (also known as Biv), and Ronnie DeVoe (also known as R.D.). Bell Biv DeVoe began to take shape in the late... Ralph Tresvant, aka Rizz (born Ralph Edward Tresvant Jr. ... Robert Berisford Bobby Brown (born February 5, 1969 in Roxbury, Massachusetts) is an American Grammy Award-winning R&B singer and dancer. ... Johnny Gill (born May 22, 1966 in Washington, D.C.) is an R&B singer best known for his romantic ballads and as a member of New Edition. ... Bell Biv Devoe Bell Biv DeVoe was a successful splinter group of New Edition that consisted of three previous members, Ricky Bell (also known as Slick), Michael Bivins (also known as Biv), and Ronnie DeVoe (also known as R.D.). Bell Biv DeVoe began to take shape in the late... Ice Cube (born OShea Jackson on June 15, 1969) is an American rapper, actor and film director. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Young Black Teenagers (YBT) was an early 1990s American rap group consisting of Knowledgable Child, First Born, ATA, Tommy Never, and DJ Skribble. ...


Origin of name

Chuck D had put out a tape to promote WBAU (the radio station he was working at the time) and to fend off a local rapper who wanted to battle him. He called the tape Public Enemy #1 because he felt like he was being persecuted by people in the local scene. This was the first reference to the notion of a "Public Enemy" in any of Chuck D's songs. The single was created by Chuck D with a contribution by Flavor Flav, though this was before the group Public Enemy was officially assembled. WBAU is the now-deleted call sign of the student-operated radio station located at Adelphi University in Garden City, New York. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... In sociology, anthropology and cultural studies, a subculture is a set of people with distinct sets of behavior and beliefs that differentiate them from a larger culture of which they are a part. ... William Jonathan Drayton Jr. ...


Public Enemy is also the name of one of the first film noir gangster movies, a 1931 classic starring James Cagney. The Public Enemy is a 1933 Pre-Code American crime drama film. ... This still from The Big Combo (1955) demonstrates the visual style of film noir at its most extreme. ... James Francis Cagney, Jr. ...


According to Chuck, The S1W, which stands for "Security of the First World", "represents that the Black man can be just as intelligent as he is strong. It stands for the fact that we're not Third World people, we're First World people; we're the original people (of the earth)."[6]


On the track "Louder Than a Bomb", from It Takes A Nation Of Millions To Hold Us Back, Chuck D reveals that the D in his nickname stands for "dangerous". It Takes A Nation Of Millions To Hold Us Back is a 1988 (see 1988 in music) album by the hip hop group Public Enemy. ...


Controversy

  • Several members of P.E. were also infamous for their alignment with the Nation of Islam and its leader, Minister Louis Farrakhan, whose remarks and speeches they have sampled along with Malcolm X's on several of their recordings. Professor Griff, after reading the book "The Secret Relationship between Blacks and Jews", published by the Historical Research Department of the Nation of Islam, which elaborates on the Jewish role in the slave trade, Griff made what many perceived to be anti-Semitic remarks in an interview he had with David Mills of The Washington Times. However, according to Chuck D's book Fight The Power, after Griff cited several Jewish sources verifying his claim in a follow-up interview, Mills regretted writing the story and apologized to Griff. The story later surfaced in a Village Voice article. It resulted in Griff leaving Public Enemy and founding his own group, Last Asiatic Disciples, whose lyrics were even more politically and racially charged than Public Enemy's.[7][8]
  • Chuck has stated in the songs "Bring the Noise" and "Don't Believe the Hype" that you should not judge people who you hear on the news in sound-bites like Farrakhan "until you hear the man".
  • One of their singles was named "Swindler's Lust", twisting the title of Schindler's List. Upon release of the single, the group was condemned by the Anti-Defamation League,[2] though the group stated that they were not trying to diminish the events of the Holocaust, but were drawing a comparison between the events of the Holocaust and slavery.
  • A verse of "Fight the Power" accuses Elvis Presley and John Wayne of being racists. The remarks about Elvis aroused some controversy in both the white and black communities. Many black commentators used the controversy to bring up the racial issues raised by Elvis's career as a white superstar who was heavily influenced by black musical styles. However, it could be argued that it overlooks the fact that Presley was also influenced by Country and western (derived from traditional English and Irish music) and crooners like Dean Martin. Conversely, the same could be said about Eminem today, as well as British Invasion artists like The Who or The Rolling Stones.

This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan. ... Malcolm X, born Malcolm Little, also known as Detroit Red and Al-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz (Omaha, Nebraska, May 19, 1925 – February 21, 1965 in New York City) was a Muslim Minister and National Spokesman for the Nation of Islam. ... Richard Professor Griff Griffin (born 1 August 1960) is an American rapper and is a member of the music group Public Enemy and head of the S1W. // A childhood friend of Chuck D, Richard Griffin was exposed to hip-hop as it came to the Long Island, New York town... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... David Mills may refer to: David L. Mills, an American professor and software engineer David Mills (Canadian politician), a Canadian politician, author, poet and jurist David Mills (cricketer), a New Zealand cricketer David Mills, a fictional police officer in the movie Se7en This is a disambiguation page—a list of... The Washington Times[1] is a daily broadsheet newspaper published in Washington, D.C., United States. ... The Village Voice is a New York City-based weekly newspaper featuring investigative articles, analysis of current affairs and culture, arts reviews and events listings for New York City. ... Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Anti-Defamation League Logo The Anti-Defamation League (or ADL) is an advocacy group founded by Bnai Brith in the United States whose stated aim is to stop, by appeals to reason and conscience and, if necessary, by appeals to law, the defamation of the Jewish people. ... ... For the Isley Brothers song, see Fight the Power, Pt. ... Elvis Aron Presley (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977), often known simply as Elvis and also called The King of Rock n Roll or simply The King, was an American singer, musician and actor. ... John Wayne (May 26, 1907 – June 11, 1979), born Marion Robert Morrison[1] and later changed to Marion Michael Morrison, popularly known as the Duke, was an iconic, Academy Award-winning, American film actor. ... Country music, once known as Country and Western music, is a popular musical form developed in the southern United States, with roots in traditional folk music, spirituals, and the blues. ... Music from the United Kingdom has achieved great international popularity since the 1960s, when the British Invasion peaked. ... Ireland is an island in the North Atlantic that is currently politically divided into the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Marshall Bruce Mathers III (born October 17, 1972), better known as Eminem or Slim Shady, is a Grammy and Academy Award-winning American rapper, record producer and actor from the Detroit, Michigan area. ... It has been suggested that Bob Pridden be merged into this article or section. ... “Rolling Stones” redirects here. ... Lisa Sister Souljah Williamson (born 1964 in the Bronx, New York) is a controversial American hip hop-generation author, activist, recording artist, and film producer. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ...

Members

  • Chuck D (Carlton Douglas Ridenhour) — leader, producer, lyricist, main vocalist, and artwork
  • Flavor Flav (William Jonathan Drayton, Jr.) — lyricist, vocalist, producer, instrumentalist, hype man, and comic relief
  • Professor Griff (Richard Griffin) head of S1W, liaison between PE and S1W, road manager. Occasional vocalist and producer, plays drums at live shows
  • DJ Lord (Lord Aswod) — DJ, producer
  • Terminator X (Norman Rogers) — DJ, producer (former member)

The following are a part of The Bomb Squad, the revolutionary production group which is closely associated with (sometimes considered a part of) Public Enemy: Carlton Douglas Chuck D Ridenhour (born August 1, 1960) is an American rapper, composer, actor, author, radio personality and producer. ... William Jonathan Drayton Jr. ... A hype man is a funk or hip-hop performer responsible for backup rapping and singing, comedy and increasing an audiences excitement with call-and-response chants. ... Richard Professor Griff Griffin (born 1 August 1960) is an American rapper and is a member of the music group Public Enemy and head of the S1W. // A childhood friend of Chuck D, Richard Griffin was exposed to hip-hop as it came to the Long Island, New York town... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Terminator X (born Norman Rogers, 25 August 1966) is best known as the producer DJ of the rap group Public Enemy, which he left in 1999. ... The Bomb Squad is a rap production whose original members were Chuck D, Hank Shocklee, Keith Shocklee & Eric Vietnam Sadler. ...

  • Hank Shocklee (Hank Boxley)
  • Keith Shocklee (Keith Boxley)
  • Eric "Vietnam" Sadler
  • Gary G-Wiz

Chuck D is often listed as a member of the Bomb Squad under the pseudonym "Carl Ryder", a shortened form of his real name.


The S1W, which stands for "Security of the First World", are sometimes considered a part of Public Enemy, as well. The members constantly rotate and have included (among others): S1W, short for Security of the First World, began as a security organisation in Roosevelt, New York under the name of Unity Force where they provided security at hip hop parties during the mid 1980s. ...

  • James Norman
  • James Allen
  • Roger Chillous
  • John (Butch) "Pop" Oliver
  • Mike Williams
  • Andrew Williams
  • Dwayne Cousar
  • Ronald Lincoln
  • Jacob "Jake" Shankle
  • Many of the future members of Professor Griff's Last Asiatic Disciples
  • Butch Cassidy (Aaron Allen) & his group "5ive-O" a/k/a "the Interrogators."

James Allen is the name of: James Allen (football player), American football linebacker James Allen (United States) (1912–1978), U.S. Senator from Alabama James Allen (New Zealand) (1855–1942), Cabinet Minister James Allen (Formula One commentator) (born 1966) James Allen (author) (1864–1912) James Allen (nurseryman), nurseryman of Shepton... -1... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion, because: vanity nuisance article If you disagree with its speedy deletion, please explain why on its talk page or at Wikipedia:Speedy deletions. ... Butch Cassidy poses in the Wild Bunch group photo, Fort Worth, Texas, 1901 Butch Cassidy (13 April 1866 - c. ...

Discography

This is a discography for the hip-hop group Public Enemy. ...

Books

  • Chuch D with Yusuf Jah, Chuck D: Lyrics of a Rap Revolutionary, Off Da Books, 2007 ISBN 0-974-94841-1
  • Chuck D with Yusuf Jah, Fight the Power, Delacorte Press, 1997 ISBN 0-385-31868-5
  • Fuck You Heroes, Glen E. Friedman Photographs 1976-1991, Burning Flags Press, 1994, ISBN 0-9641916-0-1

FUCK YOU HEROES, an anthology of photos taken by Glen E. Friedman, is one of the few photojournalist documentaries of the underground music scene in southern California during the days when punk rock was just beginning to galvanize itself into a social movement. ...

References

  1. ^ Public Enemy. Adam Yauch. Rolling Stone Issue 946. Rolling Stone.
  2. ^ The Immortals: The First Fifty. Rolling Stone Issue 946. Rolling Stone.
  3. ^ "Long Island Music Hall of Fame"
  4. ^ Dubois, Keir. "Public Enemy and MP3". Transcriptions Project, December, 1999. Retrieved on March 17, 2007.
  5. ^ Fight The Power, pp. 236-237
  6. ^ Fight the Power by Chuck D and Yusuf Jah, pg. 82)
  7. ^ "Professor Griff's 1990 Album". V.R.M.. Retrieved on March 17, 2007.
  8. ^ Davey D . "Professor Griff Returns". Retrieved March 17, 2007.

March 17 is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... For the Isley Brothers song, see Fight the Power, Pt. ... Carlton Douglas Chuck D Ridenhour (born August 1, 1960) is an American rapper, composer, actor, author, radio personality and producer. ... March 17 is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... March 17 is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...

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Carlton Douglas Chuck D Ridenhour (born August 1, 1960) is an American rapper, composer, actor, author, radio personality and producer. ...

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Public Enemy - Music Downloads - Online (1336 words)
Bio: Public Enemy rewrote the rules of hip-hop, becoming the most influential and controversial rap group of the late '80s and, for many, the definitive rap group of all time.
Public Enemy spent the remainder of 1989 preparing their third album, releasing "Welcome to the Terrordome" as its first single in early 1990.
Public Enemy was on hiatus during 1993, as Flav attempted to wean himself off drugs, returning in the summer of 1994 with Muse Sick-n-Hour Mess Age.
Public Enemy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1853 words)
Public Enemy, also known as PE, is a seminal hip hop group from Long Island, New York known for their politically charged lyrics, criticism of the media and active interest in the concerns of the African American community.
With the success of Public Enemy, hip-hop was suddenly flooded with new artists that celebrated Afrocentric themes, such as Kool Moe Dee, Gang Starr, X Clan, Eric B and Rakim, Queen Latifah, the Jungle Brothers and A Tribe Called Quest.
Public Enemy is also the name of one of the first film noir gangster movies, a 1931 classic starring James Cagney.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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