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Encyclopedia > Public Broadcasting Service
Public Broadcasting Service (PBS)
Type Broadcast television network
Country Flag of the United States United States
Availability    Flag of the United States United States and parts of Flag of Canada Canada
Founded 1969
Launch date October 5, 1970
Website www.pbs.org

The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is a non-profit public broadcasting television service with 354 member TV stations in the United States, with some member stations available over the air and by cable in Canada. While the term broadcast covers radio, PBS only covers TV; for radio the United States has National Public Radio as well as content providers American Public Media, and Public Radio International. PBS can mean: Public Broadcasting Service, an American television network Public Broadcasting Services, a broadcaster in Malta (unrelated to the U.S. broadcaster) PBSBiH, Public Broadcasting Service of Bosnia and Herzegovina (unrelated to the U.S. or Maltese broadcasters) PBS A/S, a Danish company specializing in electronic payment systems... Public Broadcasting Services Limited (PBS) is Maltas public broadcasting company, responsible for the TVM television channel and the Radio Malta and Radju Parlament(106. ... Image File history File links PBS_Logo. ... Terrestrial television (also known as over-the-air, OTA or broadcast television) was the traditional method of television broadcast signal delivery prior to the advent of cable and satellite television. ... A television network is a distribution network for television content whereby a central operation provides programming for many television stations. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Also: 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... Year 1970 ([[Rf 1970 == January 1 - The Unix epoch begins at 00:00:00 UTC January 2 - The last studio performance of The Beatles oman numerals|MCMLXX]]) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A non-profit organization (often called non-profit org or simply non-profit or not-for-profit) can be seen as an organization that doesnt have a goal to make a profit. ... Public broadcasting is a form of public service broadcasting (PSB) intended to serve the diverse needs of the viewing or listening public. ... A television station is a type of radio station that broadcasts both audio and video to television receivers in a particular area. ... NPR redirects here. ... American Public Media logo American Public Media is the brand under which Minnesota Public Radio distributes public radio programming outside of the state of Minnesota. ... PRI logo Public Radio International, or PRI, is a Minneapolis-based American public radio organization. ...


PBS was founded in 1969, at which time it took over many of the functions of its predecessor, National Educational Television (NET) (which merged with station WNDT Newark, New Jersey to form WNET). It commenced broadcasting on Monday, October 5, 1970. In 1973, it merged with Educational Television Stations. The color NET logo was incorporated into a model building at the beginning and end of Mister Rogers Neighborhood from 1969 to 1970. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... Year 1970 ([[Rf 1970 == January 1 - The Unix epoch begins at 00:00:00 UTC January 2 - The last studio performance of The Beatles oman numerals|MCMLXX]]) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The National Association of Educational Broadcasters (NAEB) created the Educational Television Stations division at the 1963 convention. ...


PBS is a non-profit, private corporation which is owned collectively by its member stations.[1] However, its operations are largely funded by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, a separate entity funded by the U.S. federal government. Its headquarters are in Arlington, Virginia. The Corporation for Public Broadcasting logo, used from 1969 to 2002. ... Arlington County is a county located in the U.S. state of Virginia (which calls itself a commonwealth), directly across the Potomac River from Washington, DC. By an act of Congress July 9, 1846, the area south of the Potomac was returned to Virginia effective in 1847 As of 2000...

Contents

Organization

Further information: List of PBS member stations

PBS is not a broadcast network in the sense in which that term is usually used in the United States, although it is more like U.S. broadcast networks than other public broadcasters that own their stations. Unlike the commercial television broadcast model of American networks such as ABC, CBS, FOX, NBC, The CW and MyNetworkTV, in which affiliates give up portions of their local advertising airtime in exchange for network programming, PBS member stations pay substantial fees for the shows acquired and distributed by the national organization. This is a list of O&O and affiliated member stations of the United States Public Broadcasting Service . ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... The Fox Broadcasting Company, usually referred to as just Fox (the company itself prefers the capitalized version FOX), is a television network in the United States. ... This article is about the television network. ... The Crimson White, known colloquially as The CW, is the student-run newspaper of the University of Alabama. ... MyNetworkTV (sometimes written My Network TV, and unofficially abbreviated MyNet, MyTV, MNT, or MNTV) is a television network in the United States, owned by News Corporation. ...


This relationship means that PBS member stations have greater latitude in local scheduling than their commercial counterparts. Scheduling of PBS-distributed series may vary greatly from market to market. This can be a source of tension as stations seek to preserve their localism and PBS strives to market a consistent national line-up. However, PBS has a policy of "common carriage" requiring most stations to clear the national prime time programs on a common schedule, so that they can be more effectively marketed on a national basis.


Unlike its radio counterpart, National Public Radio, PBS has no central program production arm or news department. All of the programming carried by PBS, whether news, documentary, or entertainment, is created by (or in most cases produced under contract with) other parties, such as individual member stations. WGBH in Boston is one of the largest producers of educational programming. News programs are produced by WETA-TV in Washington, D.C., WNET in New York and WPBT in Miami. The Charlie Rose interview show, Secrets of the Dead, NOW, Nature, Cyberchase, and The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer come from or through WNET in New York. Once a program is offered to and accepted by PBS for distribution, PBS (and not the member station that supplied the program) retains exclusive rights for rebroadcasts during the period for which such rights were granted; the suppliers do maintain the right to sell the program in non-broadcast media such as DVDs, books, and sometimes PBS licensed merchandise (but sometimes grant such ancillary rights as well to PBS). NPR redirects here. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into articles entitled WGBH-TV, WGBH (FM) and WGBX-TV, accessible from a disambiguation page. ... “Boston” redirects here. ... WETA-TV is a Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) network television station serving the Washington, D.C. area of the United States. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... WPBT is the callsign of a television station in Miami, Florida. ... Miami redirects here. ... Charlie Rose is a television interview show, with Charlie Rose as executive producer, executive editor, and host. ... Secrets of the Dead is television program airing (May 2001 - present) on American non-profit network PBS. The show explores historical occurrences, sometimes using computer imaging to help determine the causes in the manner of a forensic presentation. ... NOW is a PBS newsmagazine especially covering social and political issues. ... Nature is a long-running wildlife television program produced by Thirteen/WNET New York. ... CyberChase is a childrens American animated television series on PBS Kids and PBS Kids GO!, produced by Thirteen/WNET New York and Nelvana set in cyberspace. ... The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer is an evening television news program broadcast weeknights on PBS in the United States. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ... A coffee mug bearing the logo of a company or organization is a common example of product merchandising. ...


PBS stations are commonly operated by non-profit organizations, state agencies, local authorities (e.g., municipal boards of education), or universities in their community of license. In some states, PBS stations throughout the entire state may be organized into a single regional "subnetwork" (e.g., Alabama Public Television). Unlike Canada's CBC/SRC, PBS does not own any of the stations that broadcast its programming. This is partly due to the origins of the PBS stations themselves, and partly due to historical license issues. A non-profit organization (often called non-profit org or simply non-profit or not-for-profit) can be seen as an organization that doesnt have a goal to make a profit. ... For the community in Florida, see University, Florida. ... Alabama Public Television is a network of educational television stations serving the US state of Alabama. ... CBC Television is a Canadian English language television network. ... Télévision de Radio-Canada[1] is a Canadian French language television network. ...


In the modern broadcast marketplace, this organizational structure is considered outmoded by some media critics. A common restructuring proposal is to reorganize the network so that each state would have one PBS affiliate which would broadcast state-wide. However, this proposal is controversial, as it would reduce local community input into PBS programming, especially considering how PBS stations are significantly more community-oriented, according to the argument, than their commercial counterparts.


Programming

PBS' evening schedule emphasizes areas including: The following is a list of programs presently or formerly broadcast by the American Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) stations and other public television entities. ...

PBS (as PBS Kids) has distributed a number of highly regarded children's shows such as: Fine art is a term used to refer to fields traditionally considered to be artistic. ... Great Performances was a television series devoted to the performing arts which ran on the US television station PBS from 1972. ... For other uses, see Drama (disambiguation). ... Mystery! (also written MYSTERY!) is a long-running television series in the USA, which airs on PBS and is produced by WGBH. The show has brought a large number of detective series and television movies - most of them British productions from the BBC or various ITV companies - to air on... Masterpiece Theatre is a long-running anthology television series produced by WGBH which premiered on PBS on January 10, 1971. ... Part of a scientific laboratory at the University of Cologne. ... Nova is a popular science television series produced by the Public Broadcasting Service. ... Scientific American Frontiers is an American television program primarily focused on informing the public about new technologies and discoveries in science and medicine. ... This article is about the study of time in human terms. ... American Experience (sometimes abbreviated AmEx) is a television program airing on the PBS network in the United States. ... Frontline is an hour-long public affairs television program produced at WGBH in Boston, Massachusetts, and distributed through the Public Broadcasting Service network in the United States. ... The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer is an evening television news program broadcast weeknights on PBS in the United States. ... Paul Kangas on Nightly Business Report Nightly Business Report is a financial news television program that is broadcast live, weekday evenings on most of the public television stations in the United States. ... An independent film, or indie film, is usually a low-budget film that is produced by a small movie studio. ... P.O.V. (a cinema term for point of view) is televisions longest-running showcase for independent non-fiction films. ... Airing weekly on PBS and distributed by ITVS, the Emmy award-winning series Independent Lens is like an independent film festival in your living room. ... PBS Kids (often styled all-caps as PBS KIDS) is the umbrella brand for childrens programming aired by the Public Broadcasting Service in the United States. ... A male Caucasian toddler child A child (plural: children) is a young human. ...

PBS Kids has also imported British children's series (for example, Tots TV, Teletubbies, Boohbah, Thomas the Tank Engine and TUGS), as well as children's shows from Canada (i.e., The Big Comfy Couch, Theodore Tugboat, Wimzie's House and Zoboomafoo). On June 4, 2007, their first imported Australian children's TV series debuted on PBS-- Raggs. Some of the programs had moved to commercial television (for example, Ghostwriter, and The Magic School Bus). Arthur is an American and Canadian educational children’s television series which airs primarily on PBS in the United States; CBC Television, Radio-Canada, Knowledge Network and TVO in Canada; and BBC One in the UK, although it has been syndicated to numerous other stations throughout the world. ... Sesame Street is an American educational childrens television series for preschoolers and is a pioneer of the contemporary educational television standard, combining both education and entertainment. ... The Electric Company was an educational American childrens television series produced by the Childrens Television Workshop (now Sesame Workshop) for PBS in the United States. ... Villa Alegre was a bilingual (Spanish/English) television show for children, produced in the United States. ... Look up zoom in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 3-2-1 Contact was an American science educational television show which aired on PBS from 1980 to 1992. ... Barney & Friends is a popular childrens television show produced in the United States, mainly aimed at preschoolers. ... Shining Time Station was an American spin-off of Thomas the Tank Engine and Friends series, although it was co-created by Britt Allcroft and Rick Siggelkow. ... Dragon Tales is an animated childrens television series chronicling the adventures of the human children Max and Emmy (brother and sister respectively) and their dragon friends Cassie, Ord, Zak and Wheezie. ... The Reading Rainbow logo used between 1999 and 2007. ... Mister Rogers Neighborhood or Mister Rogers is an American childrens television series that was created and hosted by Fred Rogers. ... Tots TV was a television show, produced by Ragdoll Productions and Central (later owned by Carlton Television) (Both Ragdoll and Central also produced Rosie and Jim and Ragdoll independently produced Teletubbies for the BBC). ... Teletubbies is a BBC childrens television series, particularly aimed at young children, produced from 1997 to 2001 by Ragdoll Productions. ... Boohbah is a 2004 television show aimed at children between three and six years old. ... Thomas the Tank Engine This article is about the fictional tank engine. ... This article is about childrens television series. ... The Big Comfy Couch is a Canadian childrens television series about Loonette the Clown and her friends, produced by Cheryl Wagner and Robert Mills and directed by Wayne Moss and Mills. ... Theodore Tugboat is a television show for children about a little tugboat, his friends, and their adventures in the Big Harbor. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Zoboomafoo is an educational PBS Kids television program designed to introduce preschoolers to the animal world. ... Raggs Kids Club Band is a US-based musical troupe of five canine characters who have played over 2,000 live performances on four continents since 2002. ... Ghostwriter was a television series co-produced by the Childrens Television Workshop and the BBC, originally aired on PBS in the United States from October 1992 to February 1995. ... The Magic School Bus was a series of childrens books intended to teach scientific concepts to children. ...


However, PBS is not the only distributor of public television programming to the member stations. Other distributors have emerged from the roots of the old companies that had loosely held regional public television stations in the 1960s. Boston-based American Public Television (former names include Eastern Educational Network and American Program Service) is second only to PBS for distributing programs to U.S. non-commercial stations. Another distributor is NETA (formerly SECA), whose properties have included The Shapies and Jerry Yarnell School of Fine Art. In addition, the member stations themselves also produce a variety of local shows, some of which subsequently receive national distribution through PBS or the other distributors. “Boston” redirects here. ... American Public Television (APT) is a distributor and source of programming for public television stations in the United States and networks worldwide. ... Neta (ネタ) is the concept of material that is brought to a conversation. ... The Shapies is a childrens show about different-shaped toys forming a toybox band. ... Since 1999, Jerry Yarnell School of Fine Art has been providing master art lessons for public television audiences. ... In the television industry (as in radio), syndication is the sale of the right to broadcast programs to multiple stations, without going through a broadcast network. ...


PBS stations are known for rebroadcasting British television costume dramas and comedies (acquired from the BBC and other sources) — these shows are generally seen on Saturday evenings, generally regarded as the least-watched evening of the week due to viewers doing outside activities such as going to a movie, a concert, or other functions; so much of the exposure (or lack thereof) of American audiences to British television (particularly comedies) comes through PBS it has been joked that PBS means "Primarily British Series". However, a significant amount of sharing takes place. The BBC and other media outlets in the region such as Channel 4 often cooperate with PBS stations, producing material that is shown on both sides of the Atlantic. Although less frequently, Canadian, Australian, and other international programming appears on PBS stations (such as The Red Green Show, currently distributed by syndicator Executive Program Services); the public-broadcasting syndicators are more likely to offer this programming to the U.S. public stations. It also uses the new slogan "On" then the station name. A costume drama is a period piece in which elaborate costumes, sets and properties are featured in order to capture the ambience of a particular era. ... A British sitcom is a situation comedy (sitcom) produced in the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... A British sitcom is a situation comedy (sitcom) produced in the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the British television station. ... The Atlantic Ocean, not including Arctic and Antarctic regions. ... The Red Green Show is a television comedy that aired on CBC Television in Canada and on PBS in the United States from 1991 until the series finale 7 April 2006 on CBC. Reruns currently air on CBC Television, CBC Country Canada, The Comedy Network, and various PBS stations. ...


Stations that have produced PBS-distributed programming include:

See article: List of programs broadcast by Public Broadcasting Service WKNO is a PBS-member television station in Memphis, Tennessee, broadcasting locally on VHF channel 10. ... For other uses, see Memphis (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that this article be split into articles entitled WGBH-TV, WGBH (FM) and WGBX-TV, accessible from a disambiguation page. ... “Boston” redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Nickname: Map of Newark in Essex County County Founded/Incorporated 1666/1836 Government  - Mayor Cory Booker, term of office 2006–2010 Area [1]  - City 67. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Oregon Public Broadcasting (OPB) is the primary public broadcasting network for most of Oregon as well as southern Washington, with (as of 2006) over one million viewers throughout that region and an average of over 380,000 radio listeners each week. ... Nickname: Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State County Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Mayor Tom Potter[1]  - Commissioners Sam Adams Randy Leonard Dan Saltzman Erik Sten  - Auditor Gary Blackmer Area  - City 376. ... WETA-TV is a Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) network television station serving the Washington, D.C. area of the United States. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... For the Japanese computer game developer, see Konami Computer Entertainment Tokyo KCET is one of four PBS member stations serving Los Angeles and Southern California, the others being KVCR-TV, KOCE-TV, and KLCS. Broadcasting on channel 28, the studio is located at 4401 West Sunset Boulevard. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... WQED (channel 13, digital channel 38) is a PBS television station based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Pittsburgh redirects here. ... WPBT is the callsign of a television station in Miami, Florida. ... Miami redirects here. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country State County Broward Established 27 March 1911 Government  - Type Commission-Manager  - Mayor Jim Naugle Area  - City  36. ... WEDU (the call letters short for EDUcation) is a PBS station, serving Tampa and Saint Petersburg, Florida. ... Nickname: Location in Hillsborough County and the state of Florida. ... WMFE is the callsign for the PBS and NPR member stations in Orlando, Florida. ... Nickname: Location in Orange County and the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State Counties Orange Government  - Mayor Buddy Dyer (D) Area  - City 101 sq mi (261. ... WCEU is a PBS member station in Daytona Beach, Florida. ... Daytona Beach in 2005 Daytona Beach is a city in Volusia County, Florida, USA. As of 2004, the population estimates recorded by the U.S. Census Bureau is 64,422. ... KQED is a public broadcasting company based in San Francisco, California. ... San Francisco redirects here. ... Nancy Karibjanian on WHYY Delaware Tonight in 2006. ... : Chemical Capital of the World , Corporate Capital of the World , Credit Card Capital of the World : A Place to Be Somebody United States Delaware New Castle 17. ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Quaker City Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D) Area    - City 369. ... WTTW (Channel 11) is the Chicago, Illinois, member station of the Public Broadcasting Service. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... WFYI channel 20 is the local PBS member station for Indianapolis, Indiana and surrounding areas since it first signed on October 4, 1970. ... Indianapolis redirects here. ... WTVS, branded as Detroit Public Television, is the PBS member station in Detroit. ... “Detroit” redirects here. ... KAMU-TV is a full-service, PBS member station in College Station, Texas. ... College Station is a city in Brazos County, Texas, situated in Central Texas. ... KERA may stand for: radio station KERA FM 90. ... KLRU is the local PBS public television member station in Austin, Texas, in the United States of America. ... Austin is the capital of the U.S. state of Texas, the seat of Travis County. ... KMBH is a public television station in Harlingen, Texas, broadcasting locally on channel 60 as a PBS member station. ... Harlingen is a city in Cameron County in the heart of the Rio Grande Valley of south Texas, United States. ... KUHT or Houston PBS (VHF channel 8 in Houston, Texas) is a PBS television affiliate operated by the University of Houston. ... “Houston” redirects here. ... KCTS-TV is a public television station in Seattle, Washington, that is a member of the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), that broadcasts on analog channel 9; digital broadcasts are on channel 41. ... Seattle redirects here. ... KPBS is a public broadcasting organization based in San Diego, California. ... “San Diego” redirects here. ... KPTS channel 8 is a PBS member station serving the Wichita area. ... Wichita is the name of: Wichita (tribe), a Native American tribe Wichita language, the language of the tribe Wichita (film), a 1955 American Western movie directed by Jacques Tourneur Wichita Recordings, a London based independent record label A song by the band Soul Coughing A font replicating the hand writing... Hutchinson may refer to: // Hutchinson Family Singers, 19th-century American singing group Alain Hutchinson, Belgian politician Anne Hutchinson (1591-1642), Puritan preacher in New England Arthur Stuart-Menteth Hutchinson (1880-1971), British novelist Asa Hutchinson, former U.S. Attorney Atiba Hutchinson, Canadian soccer player Billy Hutchinson, Progressive Unionist Party Chad... OETA (Oklahoma Educational Television Authority), is a statewide network of PBS stations covering the enitre state of Oklahoma. ... WCET-TV (CET) is the PBS station serving Cincinnati, Ohio. ... “Cincinnati” redirects here. ... The Kentucky Educational Television network is Kentuckys statewide public television network. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... Official language(s) English Capital Little Rock Largest city Little Rock Largest metro area Little Rock Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 29th  - Total 53,179 sq mi (137,002 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 261 miles (420 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English Capital Jefferson City Largest city Kansas City Largest metro area St Louis[1] Area  Ranked 21st  - Total 69,709 sq mi (180,693 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 300 miles (480 km)  - % water 1. ... Official language(s) English de facto Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Greater Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Largest metro area Nashville Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 36th  - Total 42,169 sq mi (109,247 km²)  - Width 120 miles (195 km)  - Length 440 miles (710 km)  - % water 2. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Area  Ranked 41st  - Total 24,244 sq mi (62,809 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... WUFT is the callsign of both the television and FM radio stations that operate from the University of Floridas main campus in Gainesville. ... Location in Alachua County and the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State County Alachua Incorporated (city) 15 April 1869 Government  - Type Council-manager  - Mayor Pegeen Hanrahan  - City Manager Russ Blackburn Area [1]  - City  49. ... WGTE went on the air in June of 1981 as the PBS affiliate for Toledo, an affiliation it has retained to this day. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Ohio Coordinates: , Country United States State Ohio County Lucas Founded 1833 Government  - Mayor Carty Finkbeiner (D) Area  - City 84. ... WMVS-TV (Channel 10) is a television station located in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. ... WMVT-TV (Channel 36) is a television station located in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. ... For other places with the same name, see Milwaukee (disambiguation). ... Wisconsin Public Television is a satellite network of non-commercial and non-profit PBS stations that are run by the Educational Communications Board, a state agency that oversees the operations and funding of public TV and radio networks in the state of Wisconsin, which also include Wisconsin Public Radio. ... Nickname: Location of Madison in Dane County, Wisconsin Coordinates: , Municipality City Incorporated 1848 Government  - Mayor Dave Cieslewicz Area  - City 219. ... Official language(s) None Capital Madison Largest city Milwaukee Area  Ranked 23rd  - Total 65,498 sq mi (169,790 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 310 miles (500 km)  - % water 17  - Latitude 42° 30′ N to 47° 05′ N  - Longitude 86° 46′ W to 92° 53′ W Population  Ranked... Connecticut Public Television (CPTV) is a statewide public television network, providing PBS programming in Connecticut. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport[3] Largest metro area Hartford Metro Area[2] Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[4] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... WQLN-TV is a television station that operates under the PBS banner. ... “Erie” redirects here. ... London is a city in southwestern Ontario, Canada with a metropolitan area population of about 447,286; the city proper has a population of about 351,267 (2002). ... The following is a list of programs presently or formerly broadcast by the American Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) stations and other public television entities. ...


Criticism and controversy

PBS has been the subject of some controversy. Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... For the Wikipedia policy regarding controversial issues in articles, see Wikipedia:Guidelines for controversial articles. ...

  • Federal funding cuts: PBS has been subject to repeated attempts to reduce federal funding. On 8 June 2006, the Los Angeles Times reported that a key House committee had "approved a $115 million reduction in the budget for the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, that could force the elimination of some popular PBS and NPR programs". This would reduce the Corporation's budget by 23%, to $380 million, for 2007. A similar budget cut was attempted in 2005, but was defeated by intense lobbying from the PBS stations and opposition from the Democratic Party.[citation needed]Due to conservative backed cuts in the Corporation for Public Broadcasting budget, this has forced PBS to interrupt normal programing with fund raisers in order to keep many of its programs on the air.
  • Outdated justifications: PBS was founded to provide diversity in programming at a time when all television was broadcast (as opposed to today's cable or satellite transmission methods (these television broadcasting methods are available to a majority of Americans). Today many households subscribe to cable TV or have satellite dishes that receive tens or hundreds of channels, including varied educational and children's programs.[1] But according to public television proponents, the service should be intended to provide universal access, particularly to poor and rural viewers. They also say that many cable and satellite productions, including children's programming, are of lower quality.
  • Disruptive fundraising: Most stations solicit individual donations by methods including pledge drives or telethons which can disrupt regularly scheduled programming. Some viewers find this a source of annoyance since normal programming is often replaced with specials aimed at a wider audience[2]. This has been parodied many times on other television shows such as The Simpsons (see Missionary: Impossible).

is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Corporation for Public Broadcasting logo, used from 1969 to 2002. ... NPR logo For other meanings of NPR see NPR (disambiguation) National Public Radio (NPR) is a private, not-for-profit corporation that sells programming to member radio stations; together they are a loosely organized public radio network in the United States. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... CPB may refer to: the Corporation for Public Broadcasting the Communist Party of Britain This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Broadcasting is the distribution of audio and/or video signals which transmit programs to an audience. ... Coaxial cable is often used to transmit cable television into the house. ... For other uses, see Satellite (disambiguation). ... Cable television or Community Antenna Television (CATV) (and often shortened to cable) is a system of providing television, FM radio programming and other services to consumers via radio waves transmitted directly to people’s televisions through fixed coaxial cables as opposed to the over-the-air method used in... Sky Digital mini-dish Astros mini-dish. Special dish for up to 16 satellite positions (Ku-band) Satellite dish antenna for C-Band Satellite Dishes installed on an apartment complex A satellite dish is a type of parabolic antenna designed with the specific purpose of transmitting signals to and... Fundraising is the process of soliciting and gathering money or other gifts in-kind, by requesting donations from individuals, businesses, charitable foundations, or governmental agencies. ... The 2005 Telethon on Seven Perth. ... Simpsons redirects here. ...

Political/ideological bias

  • The Public Broadcasting Act of 1967 [2] required a "strict adherence to objectivity and balance in all programs or series of programs of a controversial nature". It also prohibited the federal government from interfering or controlling what is broadcast. This set up an obvious tension where the government that created the CPB would not be able to do anything about a perceived failure to meet its obligation for objectivity without interfering in some way.
  • At a more basic and problematic level is how and who should determine what constitutes objectivity and balance when there are massive disagreements over what that would be. There seems to be no consensus or even attempts at forming a consensus to resolve this dilemma.
  • Conservatives perceive it to have a liberal bias and criticize its tax-based revenue and have periodically but unsuccessfully attempted to discontinue funding of CPB. Although state and federal sources account for a minority percentage of public television funding, the system remains vulnerable to political pressure. Kenneth Tomlinson, former chairman of the Corporation for Public Broadcasting who resigned amid controversy, in November 2005 in Baltimore, told PBS officials, "They should make sure their programming better reflected the Republican mandate." Tomlinson later said that his comment was in jest and that he could not imagine how remarks at a fun occasion were taken the wrong way. A report whose results were publicized in November 2005 sharply criticized Tomlinson for the way he used CPB resources to "go after" this perceived liberal bias. [3]
  • Liberal critics[attribution needed] dislike PBS affiliates' dependence on corporate sponsorships.
  • Some of its documentaries on Islam and the Arab world, such as Islam: Empire of Faith, have been attacked as either fawning or factually challenged. [citation needed]
  • Kenneth Tomlinson, who took over at CPB in 2003, began his tenure by asking for Karl Rove's assistance in overturning a regulation that half the CPB board have practical experience in radio or television. Later he appointed an outside consultant to monitor the regular PBS program NOW with Bill Moyers. Told that the show had "liberal" leanings, Moyers eventually resigned after more than three decades as a PBS regular, saying Tomlinson had mounted a "vendetta" against him. (Moyers eventually returned.) Subsequently, PBS made room for conservative commentator Tucker Carlson (now of MSNBC, a former co-host of CNN's Crossfire), and Journal Editorial Report with Paul Gigot, an editor of the Wall Street Journal editorial page (this show has since moved to FOX News Channel). On 3 November 2005 CPB announced the resignation of Tomlinson amid investigations of improper financial dealings with consultants.[3]

Objectivity is frequently held to be essential to journalistic professionalism (particularly in the United States); however, there is some disagreement about what the concept consists of. ... Look up Dilemma in Wiktionary, the free dictionary For the Nelly song, see Dilemma (song). ... Ths article deals with conservatism as a political philosophy. ... American liberalism—that is, liberalism in the United States of America—is a broad political and philosophical mindset, favoring individual liberty, and opposing restrictions on liberty, whether they come from established religion, from government regulation, from the existing class structure, or from multi-national corporations. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... “Taxes” redirects here. ... The Corporation for Public Broadcasting logo, used from 1969 to 2002. ... Kenneth Y. Tomlinson is an American journalist and government official. ... Ongoing events • Abramoff-Reed gambling scandal • Al Jazeera bombing memo • Avian influenza (H5N1) outbreak • Black sites scandal • Conservative leadership race (UK) • Fuel prices • Irans nuclear program • Jilin chemical plant explosions • Kashmir earthquake • Malawi food crisis • Malaysian prisoner abuse scandal • New Delhi bombings investigation • Niger food crisis • North Indian cyclone... Look up liberal on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Liberal may refer to: Politics: Liberalism American liberalism, a political trend in the USA Political progressivism, a political ideology that is for change, often associated with liberal movements Liberty, the condition of being free from control or restrictions Liberal Party, members of... Commanding Heights: The Battle for the World Economy is a book by Daniel Yergin and Joseph Stanislaw, first published in 1998. ... A KFC franchise in Kuwait. ... Socialism is a social and economic system (or the political philosophy advocating such a system) in which the economic means of production are owned and controlled collectively by the people. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... The United States Secretary of Education is the head of the Department of Education. ... Margaret Spellings (born Margaret Dudar on November 30, 1957) is the current Secretary of Education under the administration of U.S. President George W. Bush and was previously Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy to Bush. ... Kenneth Y. Tomlinson is an American journalist and government official. ... Karl Christian Rove (born December 25, 1950) is Deputy Chief of Staff to President George W. Bush until the end of August 2007. ... NOW is a PBS newsmagazine especially covering social and political issues. ... Bill D. Moyers (born June 5, 1934 as Billy Don Moyers) is an American journalist and public commentator. ... Tucker Swanson McNear Carlson (born May 16, 1969) is a conservative political news pundit who formerly co-hosted Crossfire and currently hosts >Tucker, a national television news show, which is broadcast weekdays at 6 p. ... For the news website, see MSNBC.com. ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... December 6, 2004 edition of Crossfire. ... The Journal Editorial Report is a half-hour program on the Fox News Channel that airs on six oclock every Saturday. ... Paul A. Gigot is a Pulitzer Prize-winning conservative political commentator and the editor of the editorial pages for The Wall Street Journal. ... The Wall Street Journal is an influential international daily newspaper published in New York City, New York with an average daily circulation of 1,800,607 (2002). ... “Fox News” redirects here. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

PBS networks

Network Notes
PBS YOU ended January, 2006
PBS KIDS began October 1, 1993
PBS KIDS Sprout began September 26, 2005
PBS World began in 2006; nationwide launch August 15, 2007
PBS HD HDTV feed to member stations
PBS-X 24-hour alternate network that provides a mixed variety of programming selected from PBS's regular network service
PBS-XD for purposes of carriage on packaged satellite providers

PBS has also spun off a number of TV networks, often in partnership with other media companies: PBS YOU (ended January 2006, and largely succeeded by American Public Television's Create), PBS KIDS (ended 1 October 2005), PBS KIDS Sprout, PBS World (commenced 15 August 2007), and PBS HD (a feed of HDTV and letterboxed programming for digitally equipped member stations), along with packages of PBS programs that are similar to local stations' programming, the PBS-X feeds. PBS Kids Go! was promised for October 2006, but PBS announced in July that they would not be going forward with it as an independent network feed (as opposed to the pre-existing two-hour week daily block on PBS). (See List of United States over-the-air television networks and List of United States cable and satellite television networks.) Some or all are available on many digital cable systems, on free-to-air TV via communications satellites [4], as well as via DirecTV direct broadcast satellite. With the transition to terrestrial digital television broadcasts, many are also often now available as "multiplexed" channels on some local stations' standard-definition digital signals, while DT2 is found among the HD signals. PBS Kids announced that they will have an early-morning Miss Lori and Hooper block with four PBS Kids shows usually around 08:00 (school time, although kids this age usually do not go to school). With the absence of advertising, network identification on these PBS networks were limited to utilization at the end of the program, which includes the standard series of bumpers from the "Be More" campaign. PBS YOU (the latter word is an acronym for Your Own University) was founded in the late 1990s as a 24/7 channel/network featuring formal and informal educational programs and college-related fare, largely to take advantage of available rights and satellite transponder space and eager customers for carriage... PBS Kids (often styled all-caps as PBS KIDS) is the umbrella brand for childrens programming aired by the Public Broadcasting Service in the United States. ... PBS KIDS Sprout (sometimes referred to as PBS Sprout, KIDS Sprout, or just Sprout) is a US digital cable television channel, video-on-demand (VOD) service, and website providing PBS KIDS shows and original programming for preschoolers, teens and their families. ... PBS World is a 24-hour digital channel showing PBS documentaries, primarily science, current affairs, and history programmes. ... Projection screen in a home theater, displaying a high-definition television image. ... PBS-X (also known as PBS Schedule X) is 24-hour alternate network from the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) that provides a mixed variety of programming selected from PBSs regular network service. ... PBS-X (also known as PBS Schedule X) is 24-hour alternate network from the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) that provides a mixed variety of programming selected from PBSs regular network service. ... A television network is a distribution network for television content whereby a central operation provides programming for many television stations. ... PBS YOU (the latter word is an acronym for Your Own University) was founded in the late 1990s as a 24/7 channel/network featuring formal and informal educational programs and college-related fare, largely to take advantage of available rights and satellite transponder space and eager customers for carriage... American Public Television (APT) is a distributor and source of programming for public television stations in the United States and networks worldwide. ... Look up create in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... PBS Kids (often styled all-caps as PBS KIDS) is the umbrella brand for childrens programming aired by the Public Broadcasting Service in the United States. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... PBS KIDS Sprout (sometimes referred to as PBS Sprout, KIDS Sprout, or just Sprout) is a US digital cable television channel, video-on-demand (VOD) service, and website providing PBS KIDS shows and original programming for preschoolers, teens and their families. ... PBS World is a 24-hour digital channel showing PBS documentaries, primarily science, current affairs, and history programmes. ... is the 227th day of the year (228th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Projection screen in a home theater, displaying a high-definition television image. ... A 2. ... PBS-X (also known as PBS Schedule X) is 24-hour alternate network from the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) that provides a mixed variety of programming selected from PBSs regular network service. ... PBS Kids GO! is an educational television brand used by PBS for programs intended at early elementary school children, an older demographic than the separate PBS Kids banner. ... October 2006 is the tenth month of that year and has yet to occur. ... // In the United States, for most of the history of broadcasting, there were only three major national broadcasting networks. ... The following is a list of cable and satellite networks broadcasting in the United States, organized by genre. ... Digital cable is a term for a type of cable digital television that delivers more channels than possible with analog cable by using digital video compression. ... Free-to-air is a phrase used to describe television and radio broadcasts which are available without subscription and without decryption (pay-TV). ... U.S. military MILSTAR communications satellite A communications satellite (sometimes abbreviated to comsat) is an artificial satellite stationed in space for the purposes of telecommunications. ... A standard DirecTV satellite dish with 1 LNB on a roof DirecTV (trademarked as DIRECTV) is a direct broadcast satellite (DBS) service based in El Segundo, California, USA, that transmits digital satellite television and audio to households in the United States, the Caribbean and Latin America except for Mexico. ... Direct broadcast satellite (DBS) is a term used to refer to satellite television broadcasts intended for home reception, also referred to as direct-to-home signals. ... Digital television (DTV) is a telecommunication system for broadcasting and receiving moving pictures and sound by means of digital signals, in contrast to analog signals used by analog (traditional) TV. DTV uses digital modulation data, which is digitally compressed and requires decoding by a specially designed television set, or a... Advert redirects here. ... A brief (usually ten to fifteen seconds) transition announcement in broadcasting, placed between a pause in the program and its commercial break (and also the other way around). ...


PBS Kids

See PBS Kids. PBS Kids (often styled all-caps as PBS KIDS) is the umbrella brand for childrens programming aired by the Public Broadcasting Service in the United States. ...


References

  1. ^ About PBS, PBS.org, accessed 2006-11-25
  2. ^ Getler, Michael (2006-03-24). Pledging Allegiance, or March Madness?. PBS Ombudsman. Retrieved on 2006-05-22.
  3. ^ Brent Bozell III (2007-05-02). Back to Bias Basics at PBS. Townhall.com. Retrieved on 2007-05-02.

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Michael Getler is an American journalist and currently the ombudsman for the Public Broadcasting System in the United States. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 83rd day of the year (84th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ...

Further reading

  • B. J. Bullert, Public Television: Politics and the Battle over Documentary Film, Rutgers Univ Press 1997
  • Barry Dornfeld, Producing Public Television, Producing Public Culture, Princeton University Press 1998
  • Ralph Engelman, Public Radio and Television in America: A Political History, Sage Publications 1996
  • James Ledbetter, Made Possible by: The Death of Public Broadcasting in the United States, Verso 1998

See also

Instructional television (ITV) is a type of television program that is designed for use in schools. ... // Below is a numerical representation of the DirecTV channel lineup. ... This is a list of the channels receivable from Dish Network. ... This is a list of O&O and affiliated member stations of the United States Public Broadcasting Service . ... In the United States, analog over-the-air television channels are numbered 2 through 69, and occupy the following frequencies: 54-88 MHz (Channels 2-6) 174-216 MHz (Channels 7-13) 470-806 MHz (Channels 14-69) See list of local television stations in North and Central America. ... Louis O. Stewart (January 1, 1915 to March 26, 2002) was a prominent labor leader in Washington. ... PRI logo Public Radio International, or PRI, is a Minneapolis-based American public radio organization. ... NPR redirects here. ... PBS idents are the television idents used by the US Public Broadcasting Service. ... This article is about television in the United States, specifically its history, art, business and government regulation. ... A time signal is a visible, audible, mechanical, or electronic signal used as a reference to determine the time of day. ...

External links

Preceded by
National Educational Television
Public Broadcasting Service
1970-Present
Succeeded by
Incumbent

  Results from FactBites:
 
Public broadcasting - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3251 words)
Public broadcasters receive all or a substantial part of their funding from government sources, either from the general tax revenues or from licence fees.
Since public broadcasters do not rely on advertising as a source of revenue to the same degree as commerccial broadcasters, this allows public broadcasters to air programs that are less saleable to the mass market, such as public affairs shows, documentaries, and educational programs.
Public music stations are probably best known for playing classical music, although other formats have been used, including the emerging "eclectic" music format that is rather freeform in nature (common among college radio stations, though a well-known eclectic NPR member station is KCRW in California).
Public Broadcasting Service - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1849 words)
The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is a non-profit public broadcasting television service with 349 member TV stations in the United States, with some member stations available by cable in Canada.
PBS is not a broadcast network in the sense in which that term is usually used in the United States.
The Public Broadcasting Act of 1967 [2] required a "strict adherence to objectivity and balance in all programs or series of programs of a controversial nature." It also prohibited the federal government from interfering or controlling what is broadcast.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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