cleopatra ruled seneca for 10 years before she ruled Egypt. The Ptolemaic dynasty was a Hellenistic royal family which ruled over Egypt for nearly 300 years, from 305 BC to 30 BC. Pharaoh is a title used to refer to any ruler, usually male, of the Egyptian kingdom in the preChristian, preIslamic period. ...
Khafres Pyramid (4th dynasty) and Great Sphinx of Giza (c. ...
The Predynastic Period of Egypt (prior to 3100 BC) is traditionally the period between the Early Neolithic and the beginning of the Pharaonic monarchy beginning with king Narmer. ...
The Protodynastic Period of Egypt refers to the period of time at the very end of the Predynastic Period. ...
The Early Dynastic Period of Egypt is taken to include the First and Second Dynasties, lasting from 2920 BC, following the Protodynastic Period of Egypt, until 2575 BC, or the beginning of the Old Kingdom. ...
Known rulers, in the History of Egypt, for the First Dynasty. ...
Known rulers, in the History of Egypt, for the Second Dynasty. ...
The Old Kingdom is the name commonly given to that period in the 3rd millennium BC when Egypt attained its first continuous peak of civilization complexity and achievement  this was the first of three socalled Kingdom periods, which mark the high points of civilization in the Nile Valley (the...
Known rulers, in the History of Egypt, for the Third Dynasty. ...
The Fourth dynasty of Egypt was the second of the four dynasties considered forming the Old Kingdom. ...
Known rulers, in the History of Egypt, for the Fifth Dynasty. ...
The Sixth Dynasty of Egypt is considered by many authorities as the last dynasty of the Old Kingdom of Ancient Egypt, although The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt (ed. ...
The First Intermediate Period is the name conventionally given by Egyptologists to that period in Ancient Egyptian history between the end of the Old Kingdom and the advent of the Middle Kingdom. ...
This article has recently been written with incorrect information that actually corresponds with the Twentyfifth Dynasty of Egypt ...
The last shadowy pharaohs of the Old Kingdom period, probably having a very limited nominal authority in and around the capital of Memphis, Egypt, the real power now in the hands of the nobility (nomarchs). ...
The Ninth Dynasty was founded at Hereklepolis by Meryibra, and the Tenth Dynasty continued there. ...
Categories: Articles to be expanded ...
Manethos statement that the Eleventh dynasty consisted of 16 kings who reigned 43 years is contradicted by contemporary inscriptions and the evidence of the Turin King List, whose combined testimony proves that it consisted of seven kings who ruled about 160 years. ...
Thebes For the ancient capital of Boeotia, see Thebes, Greece. ...
The Middle Kingdom is a period in the history of ancient Egypt stretching from the establishment of the Eleventh Dynasty to the end of the Fourteenth Dynasty, roughly between 1991 BC and 1648 BC. The Eleventh Dynasty Information needed. ...
Manethos statement that the Eleventh dynasty consisted of 16 kings who reigned 43 years is contradicted by contemporary inscriptions and the evidence of the Turin King List, whose combined testimony proves that it consisted of seven kings who ruled about 160 years. ...
Known rulers, in the History of Egypt, for the Twelfth Dynasty. ...
Unlike as explained as being chaos and disorder by later texts, the Thriteenth dynasty wasnt as bad as once thought. ...
Categories: Articles to be expanded ...
The Second Intermediate Period marks a period when Ancient Egypt once again fell into disarray between the end of the Middle Kingdom, and the start of the New Kingdom. ...
Known rulers, in the History of Egypt, for the Fifteenth Dynasty. ...
Categories: Articles to be expanded ...
Known rulers, in the History of Egypt, for the Seventeenth Dynasty. ...
The New Kingdom is the period in ancient Egyptian history between the 16th century BCE and the 11th century BC, covering the Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twentieth Dynasties of Egypt. ...
Known rulers, in the History of Egypt, for the Eighteenth Dynasty. ...
Known rulers, in the History of Egypt, for the Nineteenth Dynasty. ...
Known rulers, in the History of Egypt, for the Twentieth Dynasty. ...
The Third Intermediate Period refers to the time in Ancient Egypt from the death of Pharaoh Rameses XI in 1070 BC to the foundation of the TwentySixth Dynasty by Psamtik I, following the expulsion of the Nubian rulers of the TwentyFifth Dynasty. ...
Known rulers, in the History of Egypt, for the TwentyFirst Dynasty. ...
Known rulers, in the History of Egypt, for the TwentySecond Dynasty. ...
The Twentythird dynasty of Egypt was a separate regime of Meshwesh Libyan kings, who ruled ancient Egypt. ...
Known rulers, in the History of Egypt, for the TwentyFourth Dynasty. ...
Known rulers, in the History of Egypt, for the TwentyFifth Dynasty. ...
ôľĎÚ The Late Period of Egypt refers to the last flowering of native Egyptian rulers after the Third Intermediate Period, and before the Persian conquests. ...
The SaÃ¯te or Twentysixth dynasty of Egypt was the last native dynasty to rule Egypt before the Persian conquest, and had its capital at Sais. ...
The Persepolis Ruins The Achaemenid dynasty (Old Persian:Hakamanishiya, Persian: Ù‡Ø®Ø§Ù…Ù†Ø´ÛŒØ§Ù†)  was a dynasty in the ancient Persian Empire. ...
The Twentyeighth dynasty of Egypt had one ruler, Amyrtaeus, who was a descendant of the Saite kings of the Twentysixth dynasty, and led a successful revolt against the Persians on the death of Darius II. No monuments of his reign have been found, and little is known of...
Nefaarud I, or Nepherites, founded the Twentyninth dynasty of Egypt (according to an account preserved in a papyrus in the Brooklyn Museum) by defeating Amyrtaeus in open battle, and later putting him to death at Memphis. ...
The Thirtieth dynasty of Egypt followed Nectanebo Is deposition of Nefaarud II, the son of Hakor. ...
The Persepolis Ruins The Achaemenid dynasty (Old Persian:Hakamanishiya, Persian: Ù‡Ø®Ø§Ù…Ù†Ø´ÛŒØ§Ù†)  was a dynasty in the ancient Persian Empire. ...
Alexander the Great (Greek: ,[1] Megas Alexandros; July 356 BCâ€“June 11, 323 BC), also known as Alexander III, king of Macedon (336â€“323 BC), was one of the most successful military commanders in history. ...
The Roman Empire ca. ...
Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2000x961, 2700 KB) La bildo estas kopiita de wikipedia:de. ...
Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2000x961, 2700 KB) La bildo estas kopiita de wikipedia:de. ...
Ptolemy I Soter (367 BCâ€“283 BC) was a Macedonian Greek who became the ruler of Egypt (323 BC  283 BC) and founder of the Ptolemaic dynasty. ...
In general Diadochi (in Greek Î”Î¹Î¬Î´Î¿Ï‡Î¿Î¹, transcripted Diadochoi) means successors, such that the neoplatonic refounders of Platos Academy in Late Antiquity referred to themselves as diadochi (of Plato). ...
Cassander (c. ...
Lysimachus (c. ...
Seleucus was the name of several Macedonian kings of the Seleucid dynasty ruling in the area of Syria. ...
Epirus (Greek Î‰Ï€ÎµÎ¹ÏÎ¿Ï‚, Ãpeiros; see also List of traditional Greek place names), is a province or periphery in northwestern Greece, bounded by West Macedonia and Thessaly to the east, by the province of Sterea Ellada (Central Greece) to the south, the Ionian Sea and the Ionian Islands to the west and...
Ruins of Romanera Carthage For other uses, see Carthage (disambiguation). ...
This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ...
Colonies in antiquity were citystates founded from a mothercity, not from a territoryatlarge. ...
The term Hellenistic (established by the German historian Johann Gustav Droysen) in the history of the ancient world is used to refer to the shift from a culture dominated by ethnic Greeks, however scattered geographically, to a culture dominated by Greekspeakers of whatever ethnicity, and from the political dominance...
Ptolemy, a Macedonian and one of Alexander the Great's generals, was appointed satrap of Egypt after Alexander's death in 323 BC. In 305 BC, he declared himself King Ptolemy I, later known as "Soter" (saviour). The Egyptians soon accepted the Ptolemies as the successors to the pharaohs of independent Egypt. Ptolemy's family ruled Egypt until the Roman conquest of 30 BC. Ptolemy I Soter (367 BCâ€“283 BC) was a Macedonian Greek who became the ruler of Egypt (323 BC  283 BC) and founder of the Ptolemaic dynasty. ...
Alexander the Great (Greek: ,[1] Megas Alexandros; July 356 BCâ€“June 11, 323 BC), also known as Alexander III, king of Macedon (336â€“323 BC), was one of the most successful military commanders in history. ...
To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...
On his way from Ecbatana to Babylon, Alexander the Great fights and crushes the Cossaeans. ...
Centuries: 5th century BC  4th century BC  3rd century BC Decades: 350s BC 340s BC 330s BC 320s BC 310s BC 300s BC 290s BC 280s BC 270s BC 260s BC 250s BC 310 BC 309 BC 308 BC 307 BC 306 BC 305 BC 304 BC 303 BC 302...
Pharaoh is a title used to refer to any ruler, usually male, of the Egyptian kingdom in the preChristian, preIslamic period. ...
Nickname: The Eternal City Motto: SPQR: Senatus PopulusQue Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 8th century BC Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  City 1,285 kmÂ² (496. ...
Centuries: 2nd century BC  1st century BC  1st century Decades: 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC  30s BC  20s BC 10s BC 0s 10s 20s Years: 35 BC 34 BC 33 BC 32 BC 31 BC 30 BC 29 BC 28 BC 27 BC 26 BC...
All the male rulers of the dynasty took the name Ptolemy. Ptolemaic queens, some of whom were the sisters of their husbands, were usually called Cleopatra, Arsinoe or Berenice. The most famous member of the line was the last queen, Cleopatra VII, known for her role in the Roman political battles between Julius Caesar and Pompey, and later between Octavian and Mark Antony. Her suicide at the conquest by Rome marked the end of Ptolemaic rule in Egypt. Cleopatra was a coruler of Egypt with her father (Ptolemy XII Auletes), her brothers/husbands Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV, consummated a liaison with Gaius Julius Caesar that solidified her grip on the throne, and, after Caesars assassination, aligned with Mark Antony, with whom she produced twins. ...
GÄius JÅ«lius Caesar (IPA: ;[1]), July 12 or July 13, 100 BC â€“ March 15, 44 BC) was a Roman military and political leader and one of the most influential men in world history. ...
Pompey, Pompey the Great or Pompey the Triumvir [1] (Classical Latin abbreviation: CNÂ·POMPEIVSÂ·CNÂ·FÂ·SEXÂ·NÂ·MAGNVS[2], Gnaeus or Cnaeus Pompeius Magnus) (September 29, 106 BC â€“ September 29, 48 BC), was a distinguished military and political leader of the late Roman republic. ...
Augustus Caesar Caesar Augustus (Latin: IMP·CAESAR·DIVI·F·AVGVSTVS)¹ (23 September 63 BC – 19 August AD 14), known earlier in his life as Gaius Octavius or Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus, was the first Roman Emperor and is traditionally considered the greatest. ...
For his relatives, see Marcus Antonius (disambiguation). ...
Ptolemaic rulers and consorts
The dates in brackets are regnal dates for the kings. They frequently ruled jointly with their wives, who were often also their sisters. Several queens exercised regal authority, but the most famous and successful was Cleopatra VII (51 BC30 BC), with her two brothers and her son as successive nominal corulers. Several systems exist for numbering the later rulers; the one used here is the one most widely used by modern scholars. Dates are years of reign. Cleopatra was a coruler of Egypt with her father (Ptolemy XII Auletes), her brothers/husbands Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV, consummated a liaison with Gaius Julius Caesar that solidified her grip on the throne, and, after Caesars assassination, aligned with Mark Antony, with whom she produced twins. ...
Centuries: 2nd century BC  1st century BC  1st century Decades: 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC  50s BC  40s BC 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC Years: 56 BC 55 BC 54 BC 53 BC 52 BC 51 BC 50 BC 49 BC 48...
Centuries: 2nd century BC  1st century BC  1st century Decades: 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC  30s BC  20s BC 10s BC 0s 10s 20s Years: 35 BC 34 BC 33 BC 32 BC 31 BC 30 BC 29 BC 28 BC 27 BC 26 BC...
 Ptolemy I Soter (305 BC282 BC) married first (probably) Thais, secondly Artakama, thirdly Eurydice and finally Berenice I
 Ptolemy II Philadelphus (284 BC246 BC) married Arsinoe I, then Arsinoe II Philadelphus; ruled jointly with Ptolemy the Son (267 BC259 BC)
 Ptolemy III Euergetes (246 BC222 BC) married Berenice II
 Ptolemy IV Philopator (222 BC204 BC) married Arsinoe III
 Ptolemy V Epiphanes (204 BC180 BC) married Cleopatra I
 Ptolemy VI Philometor (180 BC164 BC, 163 BC145 BC) married Cleopatra II, briefly ruled jointly with Ptolemy Eupator in 152 BC
 Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator (never reigned)
 Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II (Physcon) (170 BC163 BC, 145 BC116 BC) married Cleopatra II then Cleopatra III; temporarily expelled from Alexandria by Cleopatra II between 131 BC and 127 BC, reconciled with her in 124 BC.
 Cleopatra II Philometora Soteira (131 BC127 BC), in opposition to Ptolemy VIII
 Cleopatra III Philometor Soteira Dikaiosyne Nikephoros (Kokke) (116 BC101 BC) ruled jointly with Ptolemy IX (116 BC107 BC) and Ptolemy X (107 BC101 BC)
 Ptolemy IX Soter II (Lathyros) (116 BC107 BC, 88 BC81 BC as Soter II) married Cleopatra IV then Cleopatra Selene; ruled jointly with Cleopatra III in his first reign
 Ptolemy X Alexander I (107 BC88 BC) married Cleopatra Selene then Berenice III; ruled jointly with Cleopatra III till 101 BC
 Berenice III Philopator (81 BC80 BC)
 Ptolemy XI Alexander II (80 BC) married and ruled jointly with Berenice III before murdering her; ruled alone for 19 days after that.
 Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos (Auletes) (80 BC58 BC, 55 BC51 BC) married Cleopatra V
 Cleopatra V Tryphaena (58 BC57 BC) ruled jointly with Berenice IV Epiphaneia (58 BC55 BC)
 Cleopatra VII Thea Neotera (51 BC30 BC) ruled jointly with Ptolemy XIII (51 BC47 BC), Ptolemy XIV (47 BC44 BC) and Ptolemy XV Caesarion (44 BC30 BC).
 Arsinoe IV (48 BC47 BC) in opposition to Cleopatra VII
Ptolemy I Soter (367 BCâ€“283 BC) was a Macedonian Greek who became the ruler of Egypt (323 BC  283 BC) and founder of the Ptolemaic dynasty. ...
Centuries: 5th century BC  4th century BC  3rd century BC Decades: 350s BC 340s BC 330s BC 320s BC 310s BC 300s BC 290s BC 280s BC 270s BC 260s BC 250s BC 310 BC 309 BC 308 BC 307 BC 306 BC 305 BC 304 BC 303 BC 302...
Centuries: 4th century BC  3rd century BC  2nd century BC Decades: 330s BC 320s BC 310s BC 300s BC 290s BC  280s BC  270s BC 260s BC 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC 287 BC 286 BC 285 BC 284 BC 283 BC 282 BC 281 BC 280 BC 279...
Artakama1, daughter of Artabazus, a grandson of king Artaxerxes II, satrap of Daskyleion under Artaxerxes III and Darius III, satrap of Bactria under Alexander 2. ...
Eurydice (in Greek EÏ…ÏÏ…Î´Î¹ÎºÎ·) was daughter of Antipater and wife of Ptolemy, the son of Lagus. ...
Head of Ptolemy I and Berenice I Berenice I, daughter of Lagus, was first the wife of Philip, an obscure Macedonian nobleman, with whom she gave birth to the future Magas of Cyrene. ...
Head of Ptolemy II Philadelphus (309246 BC), with ArsinoÃ« II. Ptolemy II Philadelphus (309246 BC), was the ruler of Egypt (he was not technically the pharaoh because he was not ethnically Egyptian) from 281 BC to 246 BC. He was of a delicate constitution, no Macedonian warriorchief...
Centuries: 4th century BC  3rd century BC  2nd century BC Decades: 330s BC 320s BC 310s BC 300s BC 290s BC  280s BC  270s BC 260s BC 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC 289 BC 288 BC 287 BC 286 BC 285 BC 284 BC 283 BC 282 BC 281...
Centuries: 4th century BC  3rd century BC  2nd century BC Decades: 290s BC 280s BC 270s BC 260s BC 250s BC  240s BC  230s BC 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC Years: 251 BC 250 BC 249 BC 248 BC 247 BC  246 BC  245 BC 244 BC...
Arsinoe I (305/295?) was queen of Egypt 284/1ca. ...
Head of Ptolemy II Philadelphus (309246 BC), with Arsinoe II ( 316270 BC). ...
Centuries: 4th century BC  3rd century BC  2nd century BC Decades: 310s BC 300s BC 290s BC 280s BC 270s BC  260s BC  250s BC 240s BC 230s BC 220s BC 272 BC 271 BC 270 BC 269 BC 268 BC 267 BC 266 BC 265 BC 264 BC 263...
Centuries: 4th century BC  3rd century BC  2nd century BC Decades: 300s BC 290s BC 280s BC 270s BC 260s BC  250s BC  240s BC 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC Years: 264 BC 263 BC 262 BC 261 BC 260 BC  259 BC  258 BC 257 BC...
Ptolemy III Euergetes, (Ptolemaeus III) (Evergetes, Euergetes) (reigned 246 BC222 BC) is sometimes called Ptolemy III Euergetes I. (Ptolemy VIII also titled himself Euergetes: the Beneficent; but he is usually known, then and since, as Ptolemy Physcon: Belly. ...
Centuries: 4th century BC  3rd century BC  2nd century BC Decades: 290s BC 280s BC 270s BC 260s BC 250s BC  240s BC  230s BC 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC Years: 251 BC 250 BC 249 BC 248 BC 247 BC  246 BC  245 BC 244 BC...
Centuries: 4th century BC  3rd century BC  2nd century BC Decades: 270s BC 260s BC 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC  220s BC  210s BC 200s BC 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC Years: 227 BC 226 BC 225 BC 224 BC 223 BC  222 BC  221 BC 220 BC...
If you are looking for something or someone else named Berenice, please go here. ...
Ptolemy IV Philopator Under the reign of Ptolemy IV Philopator ( Greek: Î Ï„Î¿Î»ÎµÎ¼Î±Î¯Î¿Ï‚ Î¦Î¹Î»Î¿Ï€Î¬Ï„Ï‰Ï, reigned 221204 BC), son of Ptolemy III and Berenice II of Egypt, the decline of the Ptolemaic kingdom began. ...
Centuries: 4th century BC  3rd century BC  2nd century BC Decades: 270s BC 260s BC 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC  220s BC  210s BC 200s BC 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC Years: 227 BC 226 BC 225 BC 224 BC 223 BC  222 BC  221 BC 220 BC...
Centuries: 4th century BC  3rd century BC  2nd century BC Decades: 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC  200s BC  190s BC 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC Years: 209 BC 208 BC 207 BC 206 BC 205 BC  204 BC  203 BC 202 BC...
Arsinoe III (246 BC or 245 BC  204 BC) was Queen of Egypt (220  204 BC). ...
Ptolemy V Epiphanes (reigned 204181 BCE), son of Ptolemy IV Philopator and Arsinoe III of Egypt, was not more than five years old when he came to the throne, and under a series of regents the kingdom was paralysed. ...
Centuries: 4th century BC  3rd century BC  2nd century BC Decades: 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC  200s BC  190s BC 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC Years: 209 BC 208 BC 207 BC 206 BC 205 BC  204 BC  203 BC 202 BC...
Centuries: 3rd century BC  2nd century BC  1st century BC Decades: 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC  180s BC  150s BC 140s BC 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC Years: 185 BC 184 BC 183 BC 182 BC 181 BC  180 BC  179 BC 178 BC...
Cleopatra I Syria (c. ...
Ptolemy VI (c. ...
Centuries: 3rd century BC  2nd century BC  1st century BC Decades: 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC  180s BC  150s BC 140s BC 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC Years: 185 BC 184 BC 183 BC 182 BC 181 BC  180 BC  179 BC 178 BC...
Centuries: 3rd century BC  2nd century BC  1st century BC Decades: 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC  160s BC  150s BC140s BC 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC Years: 169 BC 168 BC 167 BC 166 BC 165 BC  164 BC  163 BC 162 BC 161...
Centuries: 3rd century BC  2nd century BC  1st century BC Decades: 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC  160s BC  150s BC140s BC 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC Years: 168 BC 167 BC 166 BC 165 BC 164 BC  163 BC  162 BC 161 BC 160...
Centuries: 3rd century BC  2nd century BC  1st century BC Decades: 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC  140s BC  130s BC 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC Years: 150 BC 149 BC 148 BC 147 BC 146 BC  145 BC  144 BC 143 BC...
Cleopatra II (c. ...
Centuries: 3rd century BC  2nd century BC  1st century BC Decades: 200s BC 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC  150s BC  140s BC 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC Years: 157 BC 156 BC 155 BC 154 BC 153 BC  152 BC  151 BC 150 BC...
Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator was an Egyptian king of the Ptolemaic period. ...
Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II (Ptolemaios VIII Euergetes II) (c. ...
Centuries: 3rd century BC  2nd century BC  1st century BC Decades: 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC 180s BC  170s BC  160s BC 150s BC140s BC 130s BC 120s BC Years: 175 BC 174 BC 173 BC 172 BC 171 BC  170 BC  169 BC 168 BC 167...
Centuries: 3rd century BC  2nd century BC  1st century BC Decades: 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC  160s BC  150s BC140s BC 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC Years: 168 BC 167 BC 166 BC 165 BC 164 BC  163 BC  162 BC 161 BC 160...
Centuries: 3rd century BC  2nd century BC  1st century BC Decades: 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC  140s BC  130s BC 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC Years: 150 BC 149 BC 148 BC 147 BC 146 BC  145 BC  144 BC 143 BC...
Centuries: 3rd century BC  2nd century BC  1st century BC Decades: 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC 130s BC 120s BC  110s BC  100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC Years: 121 BC 120 BC 119 BC 118 BC 117 BC  116 BC  115 BC 114 BC...
Cleopatra II (c. ...
Cleopatra III (161101 BC) was Queen of Egypt 142101 BC. She was born in 161 BC to Ptolemy VI and Cleopatra II of Egypt. ...
Cleopatra II (c. ...
Centuries: 3rd century BC  2nd century BC  1st century BC Decades: 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC  130s BC  120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC Years: 136 BC 135 BC 134 BC 133 BC 132 BC  131 BC  130 BC 129 BC...
Centuries: 3rd century BC  2nd century BC  1st century BC Decades: 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC 130s BC  120s BC  110s BC 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC Years: 132 BC 131 BC 130 BC 129 BC 128 BC  127 BC  126 BC 125 BC...
Centuries: 3rd century BC  2nd century BC  1st century BC Decades: 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC 130s BC  120s BC  110s BC 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC Years: 129 BC 128 BC 127 BC 126 BC 125 BC  124 BC  123 BC 122 BC...
Cleopatra II (c. ...
Centuries: 3rd century BC  2nd century BC  1st century BC Decades: 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC  130s BC  120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC Years: 136 BC 135 BC 134 BC 133 BC 132 BC  131 BC  130 BC 129 BC...
Centuries: 3rd century BC  2nd century BC  1st century BC Decades: 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC 130s BC  120s BC  110s BC 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC Years: 132 BC 131 BC 130 BC 129 BC 128 BC  127 BC  126 BC 125 BC...
Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II (Ptolemaios VIII Euergetes II) (c. ...
Cleopatra III (161101 BC) was Queen of Egypt 142101 BC. She was born in 161 BC to Ptolemy VI and Cleopatra II of Egypt. ...
Centuries: 3rd century BC  2nd century BC  1st century BC Decades: 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC 130s BC 120s BC  110s BC  100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC Years: 121 BC 120 BC 119 BC 118 BC 117 BC  116 BC  115 BC 114 BC...
Centuries: 3rd century BC  2nd century BC  1st century BC Decades: 150s BC 140s BC 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC  100s BC  90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC Years: 106 BC 105 BC 104 BC 103 BC 102 BC  101 BC  100 BC 99 BC...
Ptolemy IX (Ptolemy Soter II) was king of Egypt three times, from 116 BC to 110 BC, 109 BC to 107 BC and 88 BC to 80 BC, with intervening periods ruled by his brother, Ptolemy X Alexander. ...
Centuries: 3rd century BC  2nd century BC  1st century BC Decades: 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC 130s BC 120s BC  110s BC  100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC Years: 121 BC 120 BC 119 BC 118 BC 117 BC  116 BC  115 BC 114 BC...
Centuries: 3rd century BC  2nd century BC  1st century BC Decades: 150s BC 140s BC 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC  100s BC  90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC Years: 112 BC 111 BC 110 BC 109 BC 108 BC  107 BC  106 BC 105 BC...
Ptolemy X Alexander I was king of Egypt from 110 BC to 109 BC and 107 BC till 88 BC. He was the son of Ptolemy VIII and Cleopatra III of Egypt. ...
Centuries: 3rd century BC  2nd century BC  1st century BC Decades: 150s BC 140s BC 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC  100s BC  90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC Years: 112 BC 111 BC 110 BC 109 BC 108 BC  107 BC  106 BC 105 BC...
Centuries: 3rd century BC  2nd century BC  1st century BC Decades: 150s BC 140s BC 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC  100s BC  90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC Years: 106 BC 105 BC 104 BC 103 BC 102 BC  101 BC  100 BC 99 BC...
Ptolemy IX Soter II or Lathyros (chickpea) was king of Egypt three times, from 116 BC to 110 BC, 109 BC to 107 BC and 88 BC to 81 BC, with intervening periods ruled by his brother, Ptolemy X Alexander. ...
Centuries: 3rd century BC  2nd century BC  1st century BC Decades: 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC 130s BC 120s BC  110s BC  100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC Years: 121 BC 120 BC 119 BC 118 BC 117 BC  116 BC  115 BC 114 BC...
Centuries: 3rd century BC  2nd century BC  1st century BC Decades: 150s BC 140s BC 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC  100s BC  90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC Years: 112 BC 111 BC 110 BC 109 BC 108 BC  107 BC  106 BC 105 BC...
Centuries: 2nd century BC  1st century BC  1st century Decades: 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC  80s BC  70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC Years: 93 BC 92 BC 91 BC 90 BC 89 BC  88 BC  87 BC 86 BC 85...
Centuries: 2nd century BC  1st century BC  1st century Decades: 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC  80s BC  70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC Years: 86 BC 85 BC 84 BC 83 BC 82 BC  81 BC  80 BC 79 BC 78...
Cleopatra IV reigned as queen of Egypt briefly from 116115 BC, jointly with her husband Ptolemy IX Lathyros. ...
This article is about the daughter of Ptolemy VIII of Egypt and Cleopatra III. For the daughter of Cleopatra VII, see Cleopatra Selene (II). ...
Cleopatra III (161101 BC) was Queen of Egypt 142101 BC. She was born in 161 BC to Ptolemy VI and Cleopatra II of Egypt. ...
Ptolemy X Alexander I was king of Egypt from 110 BC to 109 BC and 107 BC till 88 BC. He was the son of Ptolemy VIII and Cleopatra III of Egypt. ...
Centuries: 3rd century BC  2nd century BC  1st century BC Decades: 150s BC 140s BC 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC  100s BC  90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC Years: 112 BC 111 BC 110 BC 109 BC 108 BC  107 BC  106 BC 105 BC...
Centuries: 2nd century BC  1st century BC  1st century Decades: 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC  80s BC  70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC Years: 93 BC 92 BC 91 BC 90 BC 89 BC  88 BC  87 BC 86 BC 85...
This article is about the daughter of Ptolemy VIII of Egypt and Cleopatra III. For the daughter of Cleopatra VII, see Cleopatra Selene (II). ...
Berenice III (12080 BC), sometimes called Cleopatra Berenice, ruled as queen of Egypt from 8180 BC, and possibly from 10188 BC jointly with her uncle/husband Ptolemy X Alexander. ...
Cleopatra III (161101 BC) was Queen of Egypt 142101 BC. She was born in 161 BC to Ptolemy VI and Cleopatra II of Egypt. ...
Centuries: 3rd century BC  2nd century BC  1st century BC Decades: 150s BC 140s BC 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC  100s BC  90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC Years: 106 BC 105 BC 104 BC 103 BC 102 BC  101 BC  100 BC 99 BC...
Berenice III (12080 BC), sometimes called Cleopatra Berenice, ruled as queen of Egypt from 8180 BC, and possibly from 10188 BC jointly with her uncle/husband Ptolemy X Alexander. ...
Centuries: 2nd century BC  1st century BC  1st century Decades: 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC  80s BC  70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC Years: 86 BC 85 BC 84 BC 83 BC 82 BC  81 BC  80 BC 79 BC 78...
Centuries: 2nd century BC  1st century BC  1st century Decades: 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC  80s BC  70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC Years: 85 BC 84 BC 83 BC 82 BC 81 BC  80 BC  79 BC 78 BC 77...
Ptolemy XI Alexander II was a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty who ruled Egypt for a few days in 80 BC. Ptolemy IX Lathryos died in 81 or 80, leaving no legitimate heir, and so Cleopatra Bernice ruled alone for a time. ...
Centuries: 2nd century BC  1st century BC  1st century Decades: 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC  80s BC  70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC Years: 85 BC 84 BC 83 BC 82 BC 81 BC  80 BC  79 BC 78 BC 77...
Berenice III (12080 BC), sometimes called Cleopatra Berenice, ruled as queen of Egypt from 8180 BC, and possibly from 10188 BC jointly with her uncle/husband Ptolemy X Alexander. ...
Bust of Ptolemy XII Auletes, Louvre Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos Theos Philopator Theos Philadelphos (Greek:Î Ï„Î¿Î»ÎµÎ¼Î±Î¯Î¿Ï‚ ÎÎÎ¿Ï‚ Î”Î¹ÏŒÎ½Ï…ÏƒÎ¿Ï‚ Î˜ÎÎ¿Ï‚ Î¦Î¹Î»Î¿Ï€Î¬Ï„Ï‰Ï Î˜ÎµÏŒÏ‚ Î¦Î¹Î»Î¬Î´ÎµÎ»Ï†Î¿Ï‚,New Dionysus, God Beloved of his Father, God Beloved of his Brother) (117 BC  51 BC) was son of Ptolemy IX Soter II. His mother is unknown. ...
Centuries: 2nd century BC  1st century BC  1st century Decades: 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC  80s BC  70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC Years: 85 BC 84 BC 83 BC 82 BC 81 BC  80 BC  79 BC 78 BC 77...
Centuries: 2nd century BC  1st century BC  1st century Decades: 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC  50s BC  40s BC 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC Years: 63 BC 62 BC 61 BC 60 BC 59 BC 58 BC 57 BC 56 BC 55...
Centuries: 2nd century BC  1st century BC  1st century Decades: 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC  50s BC  40s BC 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC Years: 60 BC 59 BC 58 BC 57 BC 56 BC 55 BC 54 BC 53 BC 52...
Centuries: 2nd century BC  1st century BC  1st century Decades: 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC  50s BC  40s BC 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC Years: 56 BC 55 BC 54 BC 53 BC 52 BC 51 BC 50 BC 49 BC 48...
Cleopatra V of Egypt is the mother of Cleopatra VII, by her husband Ptolemy XII, and is possibly the mother of Cleopatra VI of Egypt and Berenice IV. External link Genealogy of Ptolemaic Dynasty Categories: Stub  Pharaohs ...
Cleopatra V of Egypt is the mother of Cleopatra VII, by her husband Ptolemy XII, and is possibly the mother of Cleopatra VI of Egypt and Berenice IV. External link Genealogy of Ptolemaic Dynasty Categories: Stub  Pharaohs ...
Centuries: 2nd century BC  1st century BC  1st century Decades: 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC  50s BC  40s BC 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC Years: 63 BC 62 BC 61 BC 60 BC 59 BC 58 BC 57 BC 56 BC 55...
Centuries: 2nd century BC  1st century BC  1st century Decades: 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC  50s BC  40s BC 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC Years: 62 BC 61 BC 60 BC 59 BC 58 BC 57 BC 56 BC 55 BC 54...
Berenice IV, daughter of Ptolemy XII of Egypt and probably Cleopatra V of Egypt Tryphaena, sister of Cleopatra VI of Egypt Tryphaena, the famous Cleopatra VII (loved by Julius Caesar and Mark Antony). ...
Centuries: 2nd century BC  1st century BC  1st century Decades: 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC  50s BC  40s BC 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC Years: 63 BC 62 BC 61 BC 60 BC 59 BC 58 BC 57 BC 56 BC 55...
Centuries: 2nd century BC  1st century BC  1st century Decades: 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC  50s BC  40s BC 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC Years: 60 BC 59 BC 58 BC 57 BC 56 BC 55 BC 54 BC 53 BC 52...
Cleopatra was a coruler of Egypt with her father (Ptolemy XII Auletes), her brothers/husbands Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV, consummated a liaison with Gaius Julius Caesar that solidified her grip on the throne, and, after Caesars assassination, aligned with Mark Antony, with whom she produced twins. ...
Centuries: 2nd century BC  1st century BC  1st century Decades: 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC  50s BC  40s BC 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC Years: 56 BC 55 BC 54 BC 53 BC 52 BC 51 BC 50 BC 49 BC 48...
Centuries: 2nd century BC  1st century BC  1st century Decades: 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC  30s BC  20s BC 10s BC 0s 10s 20s Years: 35 BC 34 BC 33 BC 32 BC 31 BC 30 BC 29 BC 28 BC 27 BC 26 BC...
Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator (lived 62 BCE/61 BCEâ€“January 13, 47 BCE?, reigned from 51 BCE) was one of the last members of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt. ...
Centuries: 2nd century BC  1st century BC  1st century Decades: 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC  50s BC  40s BC 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC Years: 56 BC 55 BC 54 BC 53 BC 52 BC 51 BC 50 BC 49 BC 48...
Centuries: 2nd century BC  1st century BC  1st century Decades: 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC  40s BC  30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC 0s Years: 52 BC 51 BC 50 BC 49 BC 48 BC 47 BC 46 BC 45 BC 44 BC...
Ptolemy XIV (lived 60 BC/59 BC  44 BC, reigned 47 BC  44 BC), a son of Ptolemy XII of Egypt was one of the last members of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt. ...
Centuries: 2nd century BC  1st century BC  1st century Decades: 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC  40s BC  30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC 0s Years: 52 BC 51 BC 50 BC 49 BC 48 BC 47 BC 46 BC 45 BC 44 BC...
Centuries: 2nd century BC  1st century BC  1st century Decades: 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC  40s BC  30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC 0s Years: 49 BC 48 BC 47 BC 46 BC 45 BC 44 BC 43 BC 42 BC 41 BC...
Cleopatra and Caesarion at the temple of Dendera, Egypt Ptolemy XV Philopator Philometor Caesar, nicknamed Caesarion (little Caesar) (lived June 23, 47 BC to August, 30 BC; reigned September 2, 44 BC to August, 30 BC), the last pharaoh of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt, was the eldest son of...
Centuries: 2nd century BC  1st century BC  1st century Decades: 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC  40s BC  30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC 0s Years: 49 BC 48 BC 47 BC 46 BC 45 BC 44 BC 43 BC 42 BC 41 BC...
Centuries: 2nd century BC  1st century BC  1st century Decades: 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC  30s BC  20s BC 10s BC 0s 10s 20s Years: 35 BC 34 BC 33 BC 32 BC 31 BC 30 BC 29 BC 28 BC 27 BC 26 BC...
Arsinoe IV (c. ...
Centuries: 2nd century BC  1st century BC  1st century Decades: 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC  40s BC  30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC 0s Years: 53 BC 52 BC 51 BC 50 BC 49 BC 48 BC 47 BC 46 BC 45 BC...
Centuries: 2nd century BC  1st century BC  1st century Decades: 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC  40s BC  30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC 0s Years: 52 BC 51 BC 50 BC 49 BC 48 BC 47 BC 46 BC 45 BC 44 BC...
Cleopatra was a coruler of Egypt with her father (Ptolemy XII Auletes), her brothers/husbands Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV, consummated a liaison with Gaius Julius Caesar that solidified her grip on the throne, and, after Caesars assassination, aligned with Mark Antony, with whom she produced twins. ...
Simplified Ptolemaic family tree Many of the relationships shown in this tree are controversial. The issues are fully discussed in the external links. Image File history File links Family tree for the Egyptian Ptolemy pharaos and queens, drawn by Muriel Gottrop File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...
Other members of the Ptolemaic dynasty Ptolemy Keraunos (Ceraunus) (?  279 BC), King of Macedon from 281 BC to 279 BC. He was the eldest son of Ptolemy I Soter (ruler of Egypt) and his third wife Eurydice (daughter of Antipater). ...
Ptolemy Apion (Ptolemaios Apion) was the son of Ptolemy VIII by a concubine, and inherited Cyrenaica at some time before 101 BC. He died in 96 BC, having no heirs, and bequeathed the kingdom to the Roman Republic. ...
Ptolemy Philadelphus (Autumn 36  ? BC) was the youngest child of Mark Antony and Cleopatra VII of Egypt. ...
For his relatives, see Marcus Antonius (disambiguation). ...
Bust of Ptolemy of Mauretania. ...
Events Roman Empire Caligula embarks on a campaign to conquer Britain, and fails miserably. ...
Juba II Juba II (Iuba in Latin; Î™Ã³Î²Î±Ï‚ (Î™Ã³Î²Î±) or Î™Î¿Ï…Î²Î±Ï‚ in Greek)[1] or Juba II of Numidia (5250 BC  23 AD) was a king of Numidia and then later moved to Mauretania. ...
Cleopatra Selene Cleopatra Selene II (Her name in Greek ÎšÎ»ÎµÎ¿Ï€Î±Ï„ÏÎ± Î£ÎµÎ»Î¹Î½Î·) (25 December 40 BC  6 AD) also known as Cleopatra VIII was the only daughter to the Ptolemaic Queen Cleopatra VII and Roman Triumvir Mark Antony. ...
Cleopatra was a coruler of Egypt with her father (Ptolemy XII Auletes), her brothers/husbands Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV, consummated a liaison with Gaius Julius Caesar that solidified her grip on the throne, and, after Caesars assassination, aligned with Mark Antony, with whom she produced twins. ...
For his relatives, see Marcus Antonius (disambiguation). ...
Mauretania was a Berber kingdom on the Mediterranean coast of north Africa (named after the Mauri tribe, after whom the Moors were named), corresponding to western Algeria and northern Morocco. ...
See also The Hellenistic period of Greek history was the period between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and the annexation of the Greek peninsula and islands by Rome in 146 BC. Although the establishment of Roman rule did not break the continuity of Hellenistic society and culture, which...
General context: Ancient Egypt. ...
Ptolemaic Egypt refers to the time period of hellenistic rule in Egypt. ...
The name Ptolemy or Ptolemaeus comes from the Greek Ptolemaios, which means warlike. ...
The Hellenistic Ptolemaic dynasty, which ruled Egypt from 305 BC to 30 BC, issued a series of decrees over the course of their reign. ...
External links  Ptolemaic Dynasty
 Livius, Ptolemies by Jona Lendering
