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Pterodactyl (derived from the Greek words πτερυζ(ptero) (wing) and δακτυλος(dactyl) (finger) meaning "winged finger", "wing-finger" or "finger-wing") is a common term for some types of pterosaurs or ("wing lizards"), especially the later (mainly late Jurassic or Cretaceous Periods) shorter-tailed examples, which belong to the Suborder Pterodactyloidea. The wing was a leathery skin covering, over the forelimb. Many specimens preserve a coat of fur. Well-known examples of pterodactyls are Pterodactylus, Dsungaripterus, Pteranodon and Quetzalcoatlus. Prehistoric flying reptiles of this type are sometimes referred to as dinosaurs, but this is incorrect. The term dinosaur is more correctly restricted to a certain group of terrestrial reptiles with a unique upright stance, and therefore excludes the pterosaurs and the various groups of extinct aquatic reptiles, such as ichthyosaurs, plesiosaurs, and mosasaurs. Pelycosaurs, such as the sail-backed Dimetrodon, are also commonly confused with dinosaurs, but are actually more closely related to mammals. A word is a unit of language that carries meaning and consists of one or more morphemes which are linked more or less tightly together. ... Suborders Rhamphorhynchoidea Pterodactyloidea Pterosaurs (, winged lizards, often referred to as pterodactyls, ) were flying reptiles of the clade Pterosauria. ... The Jurassic Period is a major unit of the geologic timescale that extends from about 200 Ma (million years ago), at the end of the Triassic to 146 Ma, at the beginning of the Cretaceous. ... The Cretaceous period is one of the major divisions of the geologic timescale, reaching from the end of the Jurassic period, about 146 million years ago (Ma), to the beginning of the Paleocene epoch of the Tertiary period (65. ... A geologic period is a subdivision of geologic time that divides Eras into smaller timeframes. ... Species (Holotype) Pterodactylus (TER-o-DACK-ti-lus) was a pterosaur or flying reptile, with a wingspan of about 50–75 cm (20–30 inches), that lived on lake shores during the late Jurassic era. ... Dsungaripterus was a Pterosaur with a wingspan of 3 metres (10 feet). ... Species Pteranodon (from Greek πτερ- wing and αν-οδων toothless), from the Late Cretaceous of North America (Kansas, Alabama, Nebraska, Wyoming, South Dakota) was one of the largest pterosaur genera, with a wingspan of up to 7. ... Species Quetzalcoatlus northropi (type) Quetzalcoatlus, named after the Aztec feathered serpent god Quetzalcoatl, was a pterodactyloid pterosaur known from the Late Cretaceous of North America (Campanian - Maastrichtian stages, 84-65 ma), and one of the largest known flying animals of all time. ... Orders Saurischia    Sauropodomorpha    Theropoda Ornithischia Dinosaurs are giant reptiles that dominated the terrestrial ecosystem for most of their 165-million year existence. ... Animal environments are classified as either aquatic (water), terrestrial (land), or amphibious (water and land). ... Orders Procolophonia (extinct) Testudines Araeoscelidia (extinct) Avicephala (extinct) Younginiformes (extinct) Sauropterygia Ichthyosauria (extinct) Placodontia (extinct) Nothosauria (extinct) Plesiosauria (extinct) Sphenodontia Squamata Prolacertiformes (extinct) Archosauria Crurotarsi Order Aetosauria Order Phytosauria Order Rauisuchia Order Crocodilia Ornithodira Pterosauria (extinct) Marasuchus (extinct) Dinosauria (extinct) Order Saurischia Order Ornithischia Reptiles are tetrapods and amniotes, animals... Taxonomy See text Ichthyosaurs (Greek for fish lizard - ιχθυς meaning fish and σαυρος meaning lizard) were giant marine reptiles that resembled fish and dolphins. ... Plesiosaurs extinct marine reptile with a small head on a long neck a short tail and four paddle-shaped limbs; of the Jurassic and Cretaceous period, they are best known for killing Fred Flintstone. ... Subfamilies Mosasaurinae Plioplatecarpinae Tylosaurinae A mosasaur was not a dinosaur, but rather an ocean-dwelling serpentine marine reptile more closely related to snakes than to to monitor lizards (Lee 1997). ... The pelycosaurs were smallish to large (upto 3 meters or more) primitive Late Paleozoic synapsid reptiles. ... Dimetrodon () was a predatory synapsid (mammal-like reptile) genus that flourished during the Permian period, living between 280 and 260 million years ago. ... Orders Multituberculata (extinct) Palaeoryctoides (extinct) Triconodonta (extinct) Subclass Australosphenida Ausktribosphenida Monotremata Subclass Eutheria (excludes extinct ancestors) Afrosoricida Anagaloidea (extinct) Arctostylopida (extinct) Artiodactyla Carnivora Cetacea Chiroptera Cimolesta (extinct) Cingulata Creodonta (extinct) Condylarthra (extinct) Dermoptera Desmostylia (extinct) Dinocerata (extinct) Embrithopoda (extinct) Hyracoidea Insectivora Lagomorpha Leptictida (extinct) Litopterna (extinct) Macroscelidea Mesonychia (extinct) Notoungulata...

Another subgroup of pterosaurs, more primitive than the pterodactyloids, is the Suborder Rhamphorhynchoidea, which are mainly found in earlier (Triassic-Jurassic) deposits and usually have long tails. Examples include Dimorphodon, Eudimorphodon, Scaphognathus, Anurognathus, Sordes and Campylognathus. Species Dimorphodon (dy-MORF-oh-don) was a meadium sized pterosaur from the Jurassic period, named by paleontologist Richard Owen in 1859. ... A pterosaur that lived around Italy during the Late Triassic. ... A pterosaur that lived around Britain during the Late Jurassic. ... This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Species Sordes (meaning devil in Greek) was a small pterosaur that lived in the Mesozoic era. ...

Fossilised pterosaurs have been found in North America, United Kingdom, Europe, Africa and Australia. The first pterosaur fossil was found by an Italian naturalist, Collini, in 1784. The name "Ptero-dactyle" was first coined by Georges Cuvier in 1809 for a specimen recovered in Germany; however, due to the standardization of scientific names, the official name for this species became Pterodactylus, though the name "pterodactyl" continued to be popularly applied to all members of this first specimen's order. World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... World map showing Europe Political map (neighboring countries in Asia and Africa also shown) Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of the Earth. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa. ... 1784 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Georges Cuvier Baron Georges Léopold Chrétien Frédéric Dagobert Cuvier (August 23, 1769–May 13, 1832) was a French naturalist and zoologist. ... 1809 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Species (Holotype) Pterodactylus (TER-o-DACK-ti-lus) was a pterosaur or flying reptile, with a wingspan of about 50–75 cm (20–30 inches), that lived on lake shores during the late Jurassic era. ...

A famous UK find was an example of Dimorphodon by Mary Anning, at Lyme Regis in 1828. Mary Anning. ... Location within the British Isles The Cobb, with boats grounded in the harbour at low tide. ... 1828 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...

A dusty hoax

It was reported in an article in The Illustrated London News (February 9, 1856, page 166) that, in 1856, workmen laboring in a tunnel for a railway line, between Saint-Dizier and Nancy, in France, were cutting through Jurassic limestone when a large creature stumbled out from inside it. It fluttered its wings, made a croaking noise and dropped dead. According to the workers, the creature had a 10 foot wingspan, four legs joined by a membrane, black leathery skin, talons for feet and a toothed mouth. A local student of paleontology identified the animal as a pterodactyl. The report had the animal turn to dust, as soon as it had died. Saint-Dizier is a city in the Haute-Marne département in the Champagne-Ardenne Region of France. ... Location within France Nancy (pronounced in French) (German: Nanzig) is a city and commune which is the préfecture (capital) of the Meurthe-et-Moselle département, in the Lorraine région of northeastern France. ...

Supported by the lack of evidence, this story is believed to have been a hoax, stimulated in part by contemporary Franco-Prussian palaeontological rivalry. The Solnhofen limestone from Bavaria (in which Archaeopteryx would later be discovered) was producing many prized fossils, each of which was proudly announced by German paleontologists. The tunnel in question was through limestone of similar age to the Solnhofen Limestone, so it presented an opportunity for a graphic rival French story. A brittle star fossil from Solnhofen limestone. ... The Free State of Bavaria  (German: Freistaat Bayern), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... Binomial name Archaeopteryx lithographica Meyer, 1861 Synonyms see text Archaeopteryx (pronounced )(Greek archaio = ancient + pteryx = wing)), from the Late Jurassic of Germany, is the earliest and most primitive known bird. ...

Pterodactyls in popular culture

A number of creatures in popular culture are called pterodactyls. Often, these creatures are in fact pteranodons. Species Pteranodon (from Greek πτερ- wing and αν-οδων toothless), from the Late Cretaceous of North America (Kansas, Alabama, Nebraska, Wyoming, South Dakota) was one of the largest pterosaur genera, with a wingspan of up to 7. ...

Comics (or, less commonly, sequential art) is a form of visual art consisting of images which are commonly combined with text, often in the form of speech balloons or image captions. ... Jean Giraud (born May 8, 1938) is a French comics artist. ... The opening panel of Arzach Originally published in the French sci-fi/fantasy magazine Métal Hurlant, Arzach consists of four wordless short stories by artist/author Jean Moebius Giraud which follow Arzach, a silent warrior who rides a pterodactyl-like creature. ... John Difool 32,Itomi Bhaa after Moebius The Incal is a science fiction comic book saga written by Alejandro Jodorowsky and illustrated by Moebius. ... Pink Ranger is a designation given to one character in most seasons of the Power Rangers TV series. ... Mighty Morphin Power Rangers (MMPR) was an American live-action television series, created for the American market based on the Japanese Sentai series Kyouryuu Sentai ZyuRanger. ... A Mastodon skeleton in museum in Bismarck, North Dakota. ... Kyoryuu Sentai ZyuRanger Kyouryuu Sentai ZyuRanger (恐竜戦隊ジュウレンジャー KyōryÅ« Sentai JÅ«renjā, Dragon Taskforce ZyuRanger[1]) is a Japanese tokusatsu television series, the 16th entry in the long-running Super Sentai franchise of superhero programmes. ... The Yellow Mystic Ranger Yellow Ranger is a designation given to one character in all seasons of the Power Rangers TV series. ... Power Rangers: Dino Thunder are the twelfth generation of Power Rangers. ... The Land Before Time is an animated film, produced by Steven Spielbergs Amblin Entertainment, directed by Don Bluth, with a soundtrack composed by James Horner. ... Pterri was a character from Pee-wees Playhouse. ... Pee-wees Playhouse was a half-hour CBS USA TV Saturday morning live-action childrens show starring Pee-wee Herman (played by Paul Reubens) that aired from 1986 until 1991 and was enormously popular with both children and adults. ... The Dinobots are a team of characters in the fictional Transformers Universe. ... // Generation One Generation One Swoop box art. ... Various Transformers toys. ... Mac OS X (officially pronounced Mac Oh-Ess Ten) is a line of open source graphical operating systems, with proprietary higher level API layers, developed, marketed, and sold by Apple Computer, the latest of which is pre-loaded on all currently shipping Macintosh computers. ... Nanosaur 2 on the Mac Nanosaur is a third-person dinosaur shooter computer game made by Pangea Software for Mac & PC where you play as a dinosaur from the future who has been sent 65 million years into the past. ... Mapúa Institute of Technology (MIT, MapúaTech or simply Mapúa) is a private, non-sectarian, Filipino tertiary institute located in Intramuros, Manila. ... Mascots at the Mascot Olympics in Orlando, Florida. ... ur mom Chemical engineering is the branch of engineering that deals with the application of physical science (in particular chemistry and physics) and mathematics to the process of converting raw materials or chemicals into more useful or valuable forms. ... Students attending a lecture at the Helsinki University of Technology The word student is etymologically derived through Middle English from the Latin second-type conjugation verb stÅ­dÄ“rÄ•, meaning to direct ones zeal at; hence a student is one who directs zeal at a subject. ... DVD Cover Pterodactyl is a 2005 film that premiered on the Sci Fi Channel. ... Steve Berman is an American writer, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and now living in Maple Shade, New Jersey. ... Torchwood is a British television science fiction and crime drama created by Russell T. Davies and starring John Barrowman and Eve Myles dealing with the machinations and activities of the fictional Torchwood Institute. ... Doctor Who is a long-running British science fiction television programme produced by the BBC about a mysterious time-travelling adventurer known as The Doctor, who explores time and space with his companions, fighting evil. ...

See also

Wikibooks has a book on the topic of
Wikijunior Dinosaurs/Pterodactyls

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