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Encyclopedia > Psygnosis
The logo that introduced most Psygnosis games was designed by fantasy artist Roger Dean.

Psygnosis was a British video game developer publisher, perhaps best known for their Destruction Derby,Lemmings, Wipeout and Shadow of the Beast series of games. During its early years, Psygnosis was famous for their moody computer games boasting cover art by Yes album cover artist Roger Dean. It became part of Sony in 1993 and eventually changed its name to Sony Studio Liverpool. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Freyjas Castle, 1987 Roger Dean (born August 31, 1944, in Ashford, Kent) is a contemporary English artist best known for his work on album covers, which he began painting in the late 1960s. ... A video game developer is a software developer (a business or an individual) that creates video games. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Lemmings is a puzzle computer game, developed by DMA Design (now Rockstar North) and published by Psygnosis in 1991, originally for the Commodore Amiga. ... Wipeout is the title of a series of futuristic anti-gravity racing games, originally produced by Psygnosis for the PlayStation video game console, with other versions of the game produced for the Sega Saturn, DOS, Amiga, Nintendo 64, PlayStation 2 and PlayStation Portable formats. ... Screenshot of Shadow of the Beast I (Amiga) Shadow of the Beast (also officially known as simply Beast) is a side-scrolling platform computer game produced by Reflections Interactive and published by Psygnosis in 1989. ... A computer game is a game composed of a computer-controlled virtual universe that players interact with in order to achieve a defined goal or set of goals. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Freyjas Castle, 1987 Roger Dean (born August 31, 1944, in Ashford, Kent) is a contemporary English artist best known for his work on album covers, which he began painting in the late 1960s. ... Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $66. ... Notable events of 1993 in computer and video games. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


History

Founded by Ian Hetherington and Jonathan Ellis, the Liverpool-based Psygnosis was born from the ashes of the defunct 8-bit game company Imagine Software, where Hetherington was Financial Director. After the collapse of Imagine in 1984, the name and trademarks were bought by Ocean Software, while the rights of the software remained with original copyright owners. The fabled mega-games being created by the company, Bandersnatch (for the ZX Spectrum) and Psyclapse (for the Commodore 64), were fused into one to become Psygnosis' first release, called Brataccas. This game was originally created for the Sinclair QL, but was instead ported over to other Motorola 68000-based machines and released on the Commodore Amiga, Atari ST, and Apple Mac in 1985. Ian Hetherington was co-founder of Psygnosis, a company responsible for creating many early computer games. ... For other uses, see Liverpool (disambiguation). ... Image:Arcadia game cover. ... This article is about the year. ... The Ocean logotype had an often prominent placement on the box art. ... Teaser advert for Bandersnatch which appeared in many computer game magazines around 1984 Bandersnatch was a home computer mega-game written by Imagine Software for the ZX Spectrum. ... The ZX Spectrum is an 8-bit personal home computer released in the United Kingdom in 1982 by Sinclair Research Ltd. ... C-64 redirects here. ... Screenshot from Brataccas Brataccas is a video game released in 1986 for the Amiga and Atari ST, and was the first game published by Psygnosis. ... The Sinclair QL (for Quantum Leap), was a personal computer launched by Sinclair Research in 1984, as the successor to the ZX Spectrum. ... The Motorola 68000 is a 16/32-Bit [1] CISC microprocessor core designed and marketed by Freescale Semiconductor (formerly Motorola Semiconductor Products Sector). ... This article is about the family of home computers. ... The Atari ST is a home/personal computer that was commercially popular from 1985 to the early 1990s. ... Macintosh, also known as Mac, is a family of personal computers manufactured by Apple Computer, Inc. ... This article is about the year. ...


Psygnosis produced only one title in 1986 called Deep Space, a complex, difficult space exploration game. The box artwork was very distinctive with a black background and fantasy artwork bordered in red. This style was maintained for the best part of ten years, with a Psygnosis game being easily identifiable on a shelf of miscellaneous games. For the next few years, Psygnosis' releases contained increasingly improved graphics, but were marred by similarly difficult gameplay and control methods. Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ...


Although Psygnosis became primarily a game publisher, games were also developed fully or partly in-house. During the early days, artists were employed full-time at the headquarters, offering third-party developers, who were often just single programmers, a very high-quality art resource. This had the result of allowing Psygnosis to maintain very high graphical standards across the board, something for which the company became most famous. The original artists were Garvan Corbett, Jeff Bramfitt, Colin Rushby and Jim Bowers, with Neil Thompson joining a little later. A video game developer is a software developer (a business or an individual) that creates video games. ... A game programmer is a software engineer who primarily develops computer or video games or related software (such as game development tools). ... Neil Thompson is a football manager. ...

The faces of the main character in Obliterator were hand-drawn 2D images.

Closely following in the path of 1987 hit Barbarian with what was becoming a trademark high-quality introduction, Obliterator, released in 1988, contained an opening animation by Jim Bowers (now a digital matte painter for the movie industry) with the main character looking directly into the "camera". His face is animated with bewilderment that turns into anger, at which point he drops his guns and shoots at the observer. This short scene would further pave the way for many increasingly sophisticated intro animations, starting with 2D hand drawn sequences, and then progressing into FMV and 3D rendered movies created with Sculpt 4D on the Amiga. Eventually, Psygnosis would buy many Silicon Graphics workstations for the sole purpose of creating these animations. Image File history File links ObliteratorFace. ... Obliterator is a side-scrolling arcade adventure computer game published by Psygnosis in 1988. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... Barbarian is a 1987 computer platform game by Psygnosis. ... Obliterator is a side-scrolling arcade adventure computer game published by Psygnosis in 1988. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... FMV may stand for: Full motion video For Maximum Value, a store brand of Kroger Fair market value Fujitsu Multimedia Vision, a personal computer produced by Fujitsu. ... Sculpt 4D is a three-dimensional modeling, texture mapping, raytrace rendering and animation application released by Byte by Byte Corporation for Apples Macintosh computers. ... Silicon Graphics, Inc. ...


While most games companies of the mid-to-late '80s (including Psygnosis) were releasing identical games on both the Amiga and Atari ST, Psygnosis started to use the full potential of the Amiga's more powerful hardware to produce technically stunning games. It was these technically superior titles that brought the company its early success, with the landmark title Shadow of the Beast bringing the company its greatest success so far in 1989. Its multi-layered parallax scrolling and stunning music were highly advanced for the time and as such led to the game being used as a showcase demonstration for the Amiga in many computer shops. The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... Screenshot of Shadow of the Beast I (Amiga) Shadow of the Beast (also officially known as simply Beast) is a side-scrolling platform computer game produced by Reflections Interactive and published by Psygnosis in 1989. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... This article may be too technical for most readers to understand. ... For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ...


Later, Psygnosis consolidated its fame thanks to Lemmings game franchise: debuting in 1991 on the Amiga, Lemmings was soon to be exported to a plethora of different computer and videogame platforms, generating many sequels and variations of its concept through the years. After that, Psygnosis put unparalleled effort in producing Microcosm, a game that debuted on Japanese system FM Towns and was to become technical showcase and flagship title for Commodore CD32 and SMSG 3DO new multimedia consoles: although gameplay was never considered on par with technical aspects, graphics, music by Rick Wakeman and long FMV introduction were among the finest in company history at the time. Lemmings, a Commodore Amiga computer game developed by DMA Design and published by Psygnosis in 1990, was one of the most popular computer games of its time. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... The FM TOWNS (also spelled FM-TOWNS, FM Towns and FM-Towns) system is a Japanese PC variant, built by Fujitsu from February 1989 to Summer 1997. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... 3DO Interactive Multiplayer (most commonly referred to as the 3DO) is a line of video game consoles which were released in 1993 and 1994 by Panasonic, Sanyo and Goldstar, among other companies. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


However, Commodore financial troubles with subsequent bankruptcy and the arrival of new relevant actors in videogaming scene can be considered among the indirect causes of a major shifting in Psygnosis strategy: in 1993 the company was acquired by Sony to work on their new PlayStation machine, and in 1995 Psygnosis started producing many of its games using Sony console as primary reference hardware, later porting some of them to PC and other platforms. Among most famous creations of this period, Wipeout series, Destruction Derby, G-Police, Colony Wars series. Psygnosis also programmed several of the in-show video games that were in Nick Arcade, a Nickelodeon game show from the early 90's that revolved around video games. Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $66. ... The Sony PlayStation ) is a video game console of the 32/64-bit era, first produced by Sony Computer Entertainment in the mid-1990s. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Wipeout is the title of a series of futuristic anti-gravity racing games, originally produced by Psygnosis for the PlayStation video game console, with other versions of the game produced for the Sega Saturn, DOS, Amiga, Nintendo 64, PlayStation 2 and PlayStation Portable formats. ... Destruction Derby is a 1995 video game published by Psygnosis and developed by Reflections, the latter of which would later develop the successful Driver series. ... G-Police is a vehicle-based shooter developed by Psygnosis and Wheelhaus and published by Psygnosis in 1997 for the PlayStation and the PC[1][2]. Set in the year 2089, the player takes the role of a Havoc Gunship pilot named Slater who joins the titular G-Police after... Colony Wars is a trilogy of video games developed and produced by Psygnosis for the Sony PlayStation. ... Nick Arcade was a game show hosted by Phil Moore, with Andrea Lively announcing, that aired on the Nickelodeon television network in America from 1992 to 1993 (in the first season, the shows were taped in 1991 and aired in early 1992), airing originally during weekend afternoons. ... This article is about the TV channel. ...


The original company headquarters were located at the Port of Liverpool Building at the Pier Head in Liverpool, but soon moved to Century Buildings in Brunswick Business Park (also in Liverpool), and later moved down the road 200 metres to South Harrington Building in South Harrington Dock. As the company expanded after the Sony buyout, another satellite office was opened in Century Building with later offices appearing in Stroud, England, London, Chester, Paris, Germany, and Foster City in California, now the home of Sony Computer Entertainment America. The company headquarters has resided at Wavertree Technology Park since 1995. For other uses, see Liverpool (disambiguation). ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Stroud is a town in the county of Gloucestershire, England. ...


The Stroud office was opened in November 1993 in order to attract disgruntled MicroProse UK employees. The Wheelhouse—its publishing name—was later closed in 2000 as part of the Sony Computer Entertainment takeover of Psygnosis. Some members joined Bristol-based Rage Software, but faced a similar demise a number of years later. Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... MicroProse Software, Inc. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Sony Computer Entertainment, Incorporated ) (SCEI) is a Japanese video game company specializing in a variety of areas in the video game industry, mostly in video game consoles and is a full subsidiary of Sony Corporation that was established on November 16, 1993 in Tokyo, Japan. ... This article is about the English city. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


In 1999 Psygnosis eventually lost its branding to become known as Sony Studio Liverpool. Some of the original developers from late 80s and early '90s are still employed at the site. This article is about the year. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ...


Games

a level in 3D Lemmings 3D Lemmings is a computer game released in 1995, developed by Clockwork Games and published by Psygnosis. ... The Adventures of Lomax is a spin-off video game of the popular Lemmings series. ... Agony is a side-scrolling shoot-em-up game, released by Psygnosis in 1992 for the Amiga platform. ... Close air support (often abbreviated CAS) is the use of military aircraft in a ground attack role against targets in close proximity to friendly troops, in support of ground combat operations. ... Alundra is an Action RPG for the PlayStation released in 1997. ... Amnios is a 1991 computer game for the Amiga platform. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Armour-Geddon is a 3D computer simulation game produced by Psygnosis for the Amiga platform. ... Assault Rigs is an Action game by Psygnosis released in 1996 for PC and PlayStation. ... Atomino is a 1990 computer puzzle game originally for the Amiga, Atari ST and DOS. A version was made for the Commodore 64 in 1991. ... Awesome is a sci-fi action game released by Psygnosis for the Amiga and Atari ST in 1990. ... Baal is one of Psygnosiss less-popular titles, which featured the player as a Time Warrior sent into the recesses of hell to recover pieces of The War Machine which has been stolen by the evil minion, Baal. ... Barbarian is a 1987 computer platform game by Psygnosis. ... Barbarian is a 1987 computer platform game by Psygnosis. ... Benefactor is a computer game for the Amiga computer series, developed by the Swedish team Digital Illusions and published in 1994 by Psygnosis. ... Bills Tomato Game is a 1992 puzzle, platform computer game for the Atari ST and Amiga. ... Blood Money is a scrolling shooter game developed by DMA Design for the Amiga, Commodore 64 and Atari ST. It was released on January 6, 1989 and published by Psygnosis. ... Blue Ice is a computer game released in 1995, from Psygnosis. ... Bram Stokers Dracula is a 1992 horror romance film produced and directed by Francis Ford Coppola, based on the novel Dracula by Bram Stoker. ... Screenshot from Brataccas Brataccas is a video game released in 1986 for the Amiga and Atari ST, and was the first game published by Psygnosis. ... This article is about the year. ... Spoiler warning: // Overview Chronicles of the Sword is a one-player mode in the game Soul Calibur III. The objective is to make a character using the custom character creation system and play it through a story. ... Colony Wars is a space simulation video game for the PlayStation developed and released by Psygnosis in 1997. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Cytron is a computer game for the Amiga, released by Psygnosis. ... 1996 1996 in games 1995 in video gaming 1997 in video gaming Notable events of 1996 in video gaming. ... Destruction Derby is a 1995 video game published by Psygnosis and developed by Reflections, the latter of which would later develop the successful Driver series. ... Destruction Derby 2 is a game for the Sony PlayStation and PC, developed by Reflections Interactive. ... Destruction Derby Raw is a game for the Sony PlayStation, developed by Studio 33. ... Discworld is a graphic adventure game developed by Teeny Weeny Games and Perfect 10 Productions in mid-1995. ... Discworld II: Missing Presumed. ... Ecstatica is an action/adventure game for MS-DOS that was released by Psygnosis in 1994. ... Formula 1 is a racing game for Sonys PlayStation console about Formula One racing cars. ... Formula One is a series of computer and video games created by Psygnosis. ... Formula One is a series of computer and video games created by Psygnosis. ... Formula One is a series of computer and video games created by Psygnosis. ... G-Police is a vehicle-based shooter developed by Psygnosis and Wheelhaus and published by Psygnosis in 1997 for the PlayStation and the PC[1][2]. Set in the year 2089, the player takes the role of a Havoc Gunship pilot named Slater who joins the titular G-Police after... Global domination, global conquest, taking over the world, world conquest, or world domination is an ambitious goal in which one government, one ideology or belief system, or even one person, seeks to secure complete political control of the entire planet. ... Guilty is also the name of: A number of songs: Guilty, a 1931 song by Richard Whiting, Harry Akst, and Gus Kahn, popularized by Johnny Desmond and later Margaret Whiting. ... Screenshot from Hired Guns The Satellite Map of the Graveyard Moon. ... Xmas Lemmings is a series of short computer games released in 1991, 1992, 1993 and 1994, as additional level packs to the original Lemmings game. ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wiktionary. ... Innocent Until Caught is a graphical sci-fi adventure game, originally released in 1993 and published by Psygnosis. ... The Killing Game Show (also known as Fatal Rewind) is a platform shooter game developed by Raising Hell Software for the Amiga and Atari ST. It was released in 1990 and published by Psygnosis. ... Krazy Ivan is a mech first person shooter released for PC, Sega Saturn and PlayStation in 1996 by Psygnosis. ... Lander is an action shooter game developed by Digital Illusions CE for Microsoft Windows. ... Last Action Hero is a 1993 action comedy directed by John McTiernan. ... Leander is a computer game that runs on the Commodore Amiga published by Psygnosis. ... Lemmings is a puzzle computer game, developed by DMA Design (now Rockstar North) and published by Psygnosis in 1991, originally for the Commodore Amiga. ... Oh No! More Lemmings is a computer game expansion to the Psygnosis game Lemmings. ... Lemmings 2: The Tribes is a computer game released in 1993, as the first real sequel to the popular puzzle game Lemmings. ... 3D Lemmings is a computer game released in 1995, developed by Clockwork Games and published by Psygnosis. ... All New World of Lemmings (ANWoL) is a computer game released in 1994, as the third game in the popular Lemmings puzzle game series. ... Lemmings Paintball is a game from the Lemmings franchise made by Visual Science and published by Psygnosis. ... Lemmings Revolution is a puzzle computer game released in 2000. ... Mary Shelleys Frankenstein is a 1994 film directed by Kenneth Branagh, starring Robert De Niro, Tom Hulce, Helena Bonham Carter, and Kenneth Branagh. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about a computer game. ... Never Mind is a book written by Avi. ... Nitro may refer to: Nitroglycerin, an extremely explosive chemical compound Nitrous, a type of fuel additive for race cars Nitromethane, another type of fuel additive for race cars [[GlyceryBold textl trinitrate (pharmacology)]], a medical compound used for the treatment of angina pectoris Nitrogen, especially when used in draught beer Nitrocellulose... // The game takes place some time in the distant future, Humans have left earth in several huge arks containing Earths ecosystem, in search of a new paradise. ... ODT, Or Die Trying, is a video game created by Psygnosis for the Playstation and PC. Its style of gameplay is a 3D action adventure, with some RPG elements. ... Obitus is a computer game by Psygnosis. ... Obliterator is a side-scrolling arcade adventure computer game published by Psygnosis in 1988. ... Oh No! More Lemmings is a computer game expansion to the Psygnosis game Lemmings. ... Overboard (Shipwreckers in North America) is top-down adventure game, released by Psygnosis in November 1997, in which the main character is a pirate ship manned by three pirates in cutscenes. ... This computer game has been incorrectly referred to or categorized with the PC game misnomer. ... This article is about several astronomical terms (apogee & perigee, aphelion & perihelion, generic equivalents based on apsis, and related but rarer terms. ... Prince of Persia 2: The Shadow and the Flame is a platform game released by Brøderbund in 1994. ... Psybadek is a video game for the Sony Playstation console. ... Puggsy is a 1993 platform/puzzle game, designed by Travellers Tales and released by Psygnosis on the Sega Megadrive (Sega Genesis in North America) and Sega Mega-CD consoles, and the Commodore Amiga computer. ... Red Zone is a term designating unsafe areas in Iraq after the 2003 invasion by the United States, Britain, and other allies. ... Rollcage is an arcade-style racing game for Windows and PlayStation, developed by Attention to Detail, and published by Psygnosis. ... Rosco McQueen Firefighter Extreme, was a video game created for the Playstation 1, Rosco McQueen is as the game suggests an extreme fire fighter, as the player you control our heroic character through 15 fire packed levels fighting fires along the way, this is not the only hazard as Rosco... Sentient is a first-person adventure developed by Psygnosis and released on the Playstation in 1997. ... Sentinel Returns is a computer game developed by Hookstone, produced by No-Name Games and published by Sony (under the Psygnosis label) in 1998, for PC and Playstation. ... Screenshot of Shadow of the Beast I (Amiga) Shadow of the Beast (also officially known as simply Beast) is a side-scrolling platform computer game produced by Reflections Interactive and published by Psygnosis in 1989. ... Screenshot of Shadow of the Beast I (Amiga) Shadow of the Beast (also officially known as simply Beast) is a side-scrolling platform computer game produced by Reflections Interactive and published by Psygnosis in 1989. ... Screenshot of Shadow of the Beast I (Amiga) Shadow of the Beast (also officially known as simply Beast) is a side-scrolling platform computer game produced by Reflections Interactive and published by Psygnosis in 1989. ... SPEEDSTER ROCKS>..... all hail speedster. ... The Spice Girls in the Playstation game Spice World Spiceworld, The Game was released in conjunction with the movie release in early 1998. ... Team Buddies is a game released for the PlayStation on September 18th, 2000. ... Thunder Truck Rally is a monster truck racing game developed by Reflections where players select a monster truck or otherwise 4X4 vehicle equipped with monster truck tires and have the option of either racing or crushing cars in an arena. ... Toy Story is an Academy-award-winning CGI animated feature film produced by Pixar Animation Studios and released by Walt Disney Pictures and Buena Vista Distribution in the United States on November 22, 1995, and Australia on December 7, 1995, as well as in the United Kingdom on 22 March... Walker was a computer game released for the Amiga system in the early 1990s. ... Wipeout is the title of a series of futuristic anti-gravity racing games, originally produced by Psygnosis for the PlayStation video game console, with other versions of the game produced for the Sega Saturn, DOS, Nintendo 64, PlayStation 2, and PlayStation Portable formats. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... Wipeout 2097 (Wipeout XL in North America) is the second game in the Wipeout series to be released. ... See also: Wipeout 3: Special Edition The Wipeout series had been lying dormant for three years until Wipeout 3 was released on the 8th of September in Europe. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Psygnosis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (812 words)
Psygnosis was a British video game publisher that released moody computer games boasting psychedelic cover art by Yes artist Roger Dean.
Psygnosis also programmed several of the in-show video games that were in Nick Arcade, a Nickelodeon game show from the early 90's that revolved around games.
Psygnosis was acquired by Sony in 1993 to work on the new PlayStation machine, and in 1999 eventually lost the Psygnosis branding to become known as Sony Studio Liverpool.
MetalFatigue.net (616 words)
Psygnosis is Europe's leading electronic games software publisher and developer.
Although owned by Sony, Psygnosis is fiercely committed to its independence and to building its position as a leading multi-format publisher.
Psygnosis is strongly committed to attracting people of the highest creative calibre to continue its success.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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