A psychoactive drug or psychotropic substance is a chemical that alters brain function, resulting in temporary changes in perception, mood, consciousness, or behaviour. Such drugs are often used for recreational and spiritual purposes, as well as in medicine, especially for treating neurological and psychological illnesses.
There are many ways in which psychoactive drugs can affect the brain. While some drugs affect neurons presynaptically, others act postsynpatically and some drugs don't even attack the synapse, working on neural axons instead. Here is a general breakdown of the ways psychoative drugs can work.
Prevent The Action Potential From Starting
Lidocaine, TTX (they bind to voltage-gated sodium channels, so no action potential begins even when a generator potential passes threshold)
Psychotropic medications are drugs that have an altering effect on perception, emotion or behavior.
Below is a list of states that have laws related to psychotropic medications at schools and a chart of states that introduced legislation in the 2004 session.
Specifies that refusal of a parent or guardian of a child to administer or consent to the administration of any psychotropic drug or psychological or psychiatric evaluations or treatments would not constitute a basis for finding that the child should be removed from the custody of the parent or guardian.
A list of psychotropic substances, and their corresponding Schedules, was annexed to the 1971 treaty.
Article 32 allows an exemption for peyote and other "plants growing wild which contain psychotropic substances from among those in Schedule I and which are traditionally used by certain small, clearly determined groups in magical or religious rites".
Cultivation of plants for the purpose of obtaining psychotropic substances or raw materials for the manufacture of such substances is not "manufacture" in the sense of Article 1, paragraph (i).
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