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Encyclopedia > Psychonauts
Psychonauts
Developer Double Fine Productions
Budcat Creations (PS2)
Publisher Majesco Entertainment
Designer Tim Schafer (Creative director)
Scott Campbell (Art design)
Peter McConnell (Composer)
Version 1.04 (September 21, 2005)
Released Flag of the United States April 19, 2005 (Xbox)
Flag of the United States April 26, 2005 (Windows)
Flag of the United States June 21, 2005 (PS2)
Flag of Europe February 10, 2006 (All)
Flag of World October 11, 2006 (Steam)
Genre Adventure / Platform
Mode(s) Single player
Ratings ESRB: Teen (13+)
USK: 12+
PEGI: 12+
OFLC: M
Platform(s) Xbox, Windows, PS2
Media CD (5); DVD (1)

Psychonauts is a platform game developed by Double Fine Productions, published by Majesco, and released on April 19, 2005, for the Microsoft Xbox, the Sony PlayStation 2 and Microsoft Windows. It was the first game from Double Fine Productions, a company founded in July 2000 by Tim Schafer, well known for his previous work on graphical adventure games (such as Grim Fandango and the first two Monkey Island games) at LucasArts. Meanings of Psychonaut: Psychonauts is a video game. ... Box art for Psychonauts. ... A video game developer is a software developer (a business or an individual) that creates video games. ... Double Fine Productions is a computer game developer founded in July of 2000 by Tim Schafer after his departure from LucasArts. ... Budcat Creations, LLC is a privately-owned video game developer founded in 2000 in Las Vegas, Nevada. ... PS2 redirects here. ... Majesco Entertainment is a video game publisher founded in 1986. ... A game designer is a person who designs games. ... Tim Schafer (born July 26, 1967) is an American computer game designer. ... A game director is a person who is in-charge of significant creative aspects of a video game. ... Peter McConnell. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... is the 109th day of the year (110th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Newworldmap. ... is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Steam is a digital distribution, digital rights management, multiplayer and communications platform developed by Valve Corporation. ... Video games are categorized into genres based on their gameplay. ... This is an article about the computer and video game genre. ... A simple platform sequence from the game Wonder Boy Platform game, or platformer, is a video game genre characterized by jumping to and from suspended platforms or over obstacles. ... In computer games and video games, single-player refers to the variant of a particular game where input from only one player is expected throughout the course of the gaming session. ... The ESRBs logo. ... The USKs official logo. ... PEGIs logo Pan European Game Information (PEGI) is a European video game content rating system. ... The Office of Film and Literature Classification is a statutory censorship and classification body which provides day to day administrative support for the Classification Board which classified films, video games and publications in Australia, and the Classification Review Board which reviews films, computer games and publications when a valid application... In computing, a platform describes some sort of framework, either in hardware or software, which allows software to run. ... The Xbox is a sixth generation era video game console produced by Microsoft Corporation. ... Windows redirects here. ... PS2 redirects here. ... The CD-ROM (an abbreviation for Compact Disc Read-Only Memory (ROM)) is a non-volatile optical data storage medium using the same physical format as audio compact discs, readable by a computer with a CD-ROM drive. ... DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ... A simple platform sequence from the game Wonder Boy Platform game, or platformer, is a video game genre characterized by jumping to and from suspended platforms or over obstacles. ... Double Fine Productions is a computer game developer founded in July of 2000 by Tim Schafer after his departure from LucasArts. ... Majesco Entertainment is a video game developer founded in 1986. ... is the 109th day of the year (110th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... The Xbox is a sixth generation era video game console produced by Microsoft Corporation. ... Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $66. ... PS2 redirects here. ... Windows redirects here. ... Double Fine Productions is a computer game developer founded in July of 2000 by Tim Schafer after his departure from LucasArts. ... 2000 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December This is a timeline for events in July, 2000. ... Tim Schafer (born July 26, 1967) is an American computer game designer. ... This is an article about the computer and video game genre. ... Grim Fandango is a graphical adventure computer game released by LucasArts in 1998. ... Monkey Island may refer to the following: Monkey Island series, a series of computer adventure games The Secret of Monkey Island, the original Monkey Island 2: LeChucks Revenge, the second part The Curse of Monkey Island, the third part Escape from Monkey Island, the fourth part Monkey Island (island... LucasArts is an American video game developer and publisher. ...

Contents

Synopsis

In Psychonauts, the player controls Raz (short for Razputin), a mysterious new arrival at a training camp for Psychonauts — elite special agents who use their psychic powers to combat psycho-terrorism and retrieve information from inside people's minds. After honing his own mental abilities, Raz discovers a nasty plot just where he thought he would be safe... My name is Razputin. ...


Setting

The story is set in Whispering Rock Psychic Summer Camp (a remote government training facility under the guise of a summer camp), where students are trained to become Psychonauts. The area was hit centuries ago by a meteor made of psitanium (an element that can grant psychic powers or strengthen existing powers), creating a huge crater. When settlers began inhabiting the region, the psychoactive properties of the meteor slowly drove them insane. An asylum was built to house the afflicted, but within fifteen years the asylum had more residents than the town did. The government relocated the remaining inhabitants and flooded the crater to prevent further settlement, creating what is now Lake Oblongata. The asylum still stands but has fallen into disrepair. The government took advantage of the psitanium deposit to set up a camp for training Psychonauts. Summer camp is a supervised program for children and/or teenagers conducted (usually) during the summer months in some countries. ... The medulla oblongata is the lower portion of the brainstem. ...


The local wildlife has been profoundly affected by the psitanium as well. Bears are able to attack from afar using telekinetic claws, and cougars are endowed with pyrokinesis. Also, the rats in the upper levels of the old asylum are kamikaze creatures, running at anyone that comes close and exploding in a cloud of Confusion. One pet turtle displays human-like intelligence due to his human-sized brain. For other uses, see Bear (disambiguation). ... Psychokinesis (literally mind-movement) or PK is the more commonly used term today for what in the past was known as telekinesis (literally distant-movement). It refers to the psi ability to influence the behavior of matter by mental intention (or possibly some other aspect of mental activity) alone. ... For other uses, see Cougar (disambiguation) or Puma (disambiguation). ... Pyrokinesis is the paranormal or legendary ability to control, ignite, and/or extinguish fire using only the mind. ...


Storyline

During Coach Morceau Oleander's initiation speech to the incoming Psychonaut trainees, Razputin is discovered eavesdropping in a tree. Oleander and fellow agents Sasha Nein and Milla Vodello attempt to probe his mind to determine who he is and where he comes from, but "Raz" has amazingly strong mental defenses for an untrained youth.[1] This strength earns him grudging admiration from the camp staff, but regulations require that Raz leave the camp as soon as his family can arrive to claim him. Raz is allowed to stay with the other campers until then but is barred from training and classes.[2] The next morning, however, Oleander allows Raz to take part in Basic Braining, a boot camp-like introductory course which takes place in a mental landscape based on Coach Oleander's experiences in the military. Training refers to the acquisition of knowledge, skills, and attitudes as a result of the teaching of vocational or practical skills and knowledge that relates to specific useful skills. ... To eavesdrop is to surreptitiously overhear a private conversation. ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... For other uses, see Youth (disambiguation) Youth is defined by Websters New World Dictionary as, The time of life when one is young; especially: a: the period between childhood and maturity b: the early period of existence, growth, or development. ... Look up strength in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Summer camp is a supervised program for children and/or teenagers conducted (usually) during the summer months in some countries. ... This article is about work. ... Morning mist Morning Forest The word morning originally referred to the sunrise, but has been extended to mean the whole early part of the day, from dawn to noon. ... Boot Camp is a software assistant made available by Apple Inc. ...

A Psychonauts screenshot featuring Raz.

Back in reality, Agent Nein expresses interest in Raz's mental talents, and discreetly encourages Raz to find his hidden laboratory, where he wishes to conduct experiments to explore Raz's abilities.[3] The Brain Tumbler, a large hair dryer-like machine, allows Raz to explore his own mind.[4] Inside he finds a shadowy creature that spits diving helmets, and is pulled out by Sasha before he can be hurt by it. Sasha decides to teach Raz how to use PSI blast so he can defend himself. To do this he enter's Sasha's mind, a well controlled and contained cube. However, with a few switches thrown, the sides unfold to reveal an overload of censors, creations of the mind charged with the job of censoring manias or foreign entities.[5] They are used for target practice. After Raz fights off the censors, as well as a giant "Mega-Censor", he enters his own mind again. There, he sees a vision of his fellow camper Dogen, confined in a twisted thorny tower, being examined by a demented doctor who claims the boy is insane. And even though he claims he is a dentist, he gladly offers to yank the "bad tooth" that is Dogen's brain.[6] Raz rushes to rescue him, but soon encounters another obstacle, and must learn levitation to get past it. Screenshot from the game Psychonauts. Taken from http://www. ... Screenshot from the game Psychonauts. Taken from http://www. ...


In the real world Raz encounters Dogen, whose brain is mysteriously missing.[7] No one believes him when he tries to tell them, however, claiming that Dogen is 'just like that'. Raz enters Milla's mind and learns levitation. Raz goes back into his mind and reaches the inside of the tower, but not before Dogen's brain is stolen, is thrown down the garbage chute, and he sees that the next patient on the list is none other than fellow camper and only person that believes him about his visions, Lili Zanotto. Diving after Dogen's brain, he learns that Coach Oleander is trying to make psychic death tanks to take over the world using the psychic children's brains as a power source.


That night, a lungfish under Oleander's control kidnaps Lili, and Raz uses a bathysphere to enter the water and fight it. Afterwards he enters the Lungfish's mind, and frees it from Oleander's control. The grateful Lungfish takes Raz to the insane asylum, where Lili is being held. In the asylum there are also the brains of Raz's fellow campers, all of whom have been kidnapped by the Lungfish. A bathysphere is a spherical deep-sea diving submersible which is lowered into bodies of water with a cable. ...


Once on the island, Raz must enter several minds in order to reach Loboto at the top of the asylum. The first is Boyd, the paranoid security guard. In his mind, Raz accidentally unlocks Boyd's arsonist alter-ego, The Milkman. The next is Gloria, a once-famous actress driven insane after her mother's suicide. After that he must enter the mind of Fred Bonaparte, the descendant of Napoleon Bonaparte, whose mind has been taken over by a genetic memory of his ancestor. Last is Edgar, an artist who has been obsessed with bullfights and consumed with rage ever since his high school girlfriend left him. Bonaparte as general Napoleon Bonaparte ( 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general of the French Revolution and was the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from November 11, 1799 to May 18, 1804, then as Emperor of the French (Empereur des...


Raz ventures further into the asylum, and eventually finds Lili, as well as Sasha and Milla, who were also kidnapped by Oleander. An epic fight soon occurs between Oleander, and his former comrades, Sasha, Milla, and Ford Cruller, former head of the psychonauts and mentor to Raz. During the fight, Boyd burns the asylum down, and Oleander's brain is removed and enters his death tank. Raz fights the tank, but his brain is removed after the fight. He manages to get it into the tank, where it merges with Oleander's.


Razputin's upbringing in the circus joins with Oleander's nightmarish visions of his own father, a butcher, to form a "Meat Circus" where slabs of flesh are arranged in a big top populated by horrible, mutilated creatures. In this environment, Oleander has reverted to his childlike persona of "little Oly", whom Raz must protect as he wanders obliviously in pursuit of his pet rabbit. Eventually, Raz is confronted by enormous, vicious versions of his own father as well as Oleander's butcher father and must navigate a hellish obstacle course of circus-themed gymnastics equipment to avoid ever-rising water levels while defending himself from attacks from the duo. Raz manages to defeat the monstrous butcher, who falls into a huge meat grinder.


Unexpectedly, Razputin's real father appears; he explains that he is also a psychic and that Raz has misinterpreted his concern as dislike. He blasts the evil version of himself, knocking it into the same meat grinder. As Raz and his father prepare to untangle the two mental worlds, the sinister visions of the fathers reappear as a grotesquely joined version. Raz's father channels all of his mental energy into Raz, giving him the power to defeat this creature.


The next day, Raz is thanked for rescuing everyone, and for helping Oleander confront his demons. In recognition of his skills, Raz is allowed to become a Psychonaut. As he is leaving camp, news arrives that the Grand Head of the Psychonauts, Truman Zanotto, has been kidnapped. Raz and his fellow psychonauts fly off to rescue him.


Characters

Group photo of Whispering Rock camp alumni.
Main article: List of characters in Psychonauts.

Psychonauts features a large cast of characters, led by the game's protagonist, Razputin. These include camp Coach Oleander, Psychonaut agents Sasha Nein and Milla Vodello, Raz's mentor and idol Ford Cruller, Raz's love interest Lili Zanotto, and Bobby Zilch, the camp bully. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 533 × 400 pixelsFull resolution (533 × 400 pixel, file size: 289 KB, MIME type: image/png) Group photo of Whispering Rock camp alumni. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 533 × 400 pixelsFull resolution (533 × 400 pixel, file size: 289 KB, MIME type: image/png) Group photo of Whispering Rock camp alumni. ... This article contains descriptions of the many characters who feature in the game Psychonauts. ... My name is Razputin. ...


Gameplay

Psychonauts combines traditional console platformer elements with the kind of strong storytelling, humor and dialogue found in adventure games. The game features ten levels, each of which let the player enter a different person's mind. Each of these levels therefore has its own unique visual design and set of challenges, related to the demons, nightmares and secret memories of the mind that Raz is exploring. Three other levels are set within the real world, making a total of thirteen levels, interspersed with several boss fights which represent the main cause of a person's mental problems. As the player progresses through the game, Raz acquires new psychic powers, including telekinesis, levitation, invisibility, pyrokinesis, clairvoyance, PSI Shield, PSI Blast and confusion. These are directly involved in the puzzle-solving aspects of the game, which allow the player to tailor the solutions to his or her own playing strengths. Another interesting aspect of the game is that when different powers are used on different campers (who are invulnerable) the campers have different reaction (E.G. when using Clairvoyance on Oleander, you will see everything else normally, but Raz will look like a large brain, while Ford sees him in a Psychonaut's uniform) Game console redirects here. ... Flag Ship from the video game Gorf A boss is an enemy-based challenge in video games that, once encountered, stops the games progression until the player is able either to surmount the enemy or is thwarted by it. ... The term psychokinesis (from the Greek ψυχή, psyche, meaning mind, soul, or breath; and κίνησις, kinesis, meaning motion; literally movement from the mind)[1][2] or PK, also known as telekinesis[3] (Greek + , literally distant-movement referring to telekinesis) or TK, denotes the paranormal ability of the mind to influence matter, time... For other uses, see Levitation (disambiguation). ... An example of how an object could appear to be invisible through the use of mirrors Invisibility is the state of an object which cannot be seen. ... Pyrokinesis is the paranormal or legendary ability to control, ignite, and/or extinguish fire using only the mind. ... Clairvoyance, from 17th century French Clair meaning clear and voyant meaning seeing, is a term used to describe the transference of information about an object, location or physical event through means other than the 5 traditional senses (See Psi). ... In science fiction and fantasy literature, a force field is a physical barrier made up of energy to protect a person or object from attacks or intrusions. ... An energy blast is a collection of energy in the form of a projectile that has destructive effects when it strikes an object. ... Severe confusion of a degree considered pathological usually refers to loss of orientation (ability to place oneself correctly in the world by time, location, and personal identity), and often memory (ability to correctly recall previous events or learn new materal). ...


PSI Powers

  • PSI Blast: Granted when Raz completes Sasha Nein's shooting gallery, earning the "Marksmanship" merit badge. This is a beam of psychic force that is shot from Raz's forehead. This power has limited ammunition, which may be replenished by gathering "balls of aggression" that resemble angry orange exclamation marks. A lock-on feature allows the player to target specific enemies or objects. As Raz increases in rank, he can fire more frequent blasts which become more powerful and can ricochet among chains of targets.
  • Pyrokinesis: This is the first power Ford Cruller awards to Raz after he gathers enough PSI markers and figments to "rank up" to level 10. Holding the assigned button will cause the temperature of a targeted hostile or object to rise until it bursts into flames. As higher ranks are achieved, the strength of the fire and its area of effect increases.
  • Telekinesis: Allows Raz to psychically pick up a creature or object and toss it along a projected path. Ford grants the telekinesis merit badge after Raz attains level 20. Some objects can be "thrown" at enemies to inflict significant damage. At higher ranks, the distance objects can be thrown increases.
  • Levitation: Milla Vodello gives Raz the Levitation merit badge after he maneuvers through her dance-party training course. Once this ability has been earned, the ball of psychic energy Raz normally uses to double jump can be used for other purposes. Raz can run on top of it and move much more quickly, bounce on it to jump higher, or dangle beneath it after a jump and glide. Unlike several other powers, this has no time or ammunition limit. The levitation abilities increase in power as Raz gains additional ranks; for instance, spikes appear on the ball when Raz runs on top of it, allowing him to cause significant damage to enemies by colliding with them.
  • Invisibility: This merit badge is earned at rank 30. Raz can hide his presence from others' minds with this ability, allowing him to avoid combat with enemies. Due to the intense concentration required, Raz can only remain invisible for a limited amount of time, after which he must allow time to elapse to "recharge". As higher ranks are attained, the period of invisibility increases (Milka Phage has a natural talent for this ability, and uses it to avoid contact with people).
  • PSI-Shield: After gaining this ability in "Lungfishopolis", Raz can create a bubble-like psychic force field that can not only protect him from some attacks, it can even reflect other attacks. As with invisibility, this power can also be active for limited amounts of time before recharging is necessary. With higher ranks, the shield can also damage enemies on contact.
  • Clairvoyance: This power, gained at the beginning of Boyd's "Milkman Conspiracy" mental world, allows Raz to see the world from someone else's viewpoint. Its primary practical use is within Boyd's mental world, and using clairvoyance in other locations is largely a source of comedy in seeing other characters' opinions of Raz (For example, Milla sees Raz as a baby, and Bobby Zilch sees Raz as a punching bag). Unlike many other abilities, this has no time limit, uses no ammunition, and never increases in power.
  • Confusion: This is the last ability Raz acquires, found within Edgar Teglee's "Black Velvetopia". It allows him to hurl a mental grenade that, upon detonation, causes all hostiles in the blast radius to lose interest in Raz and attack themselves or other hostiles. The supply of confusion grenades is finite and can be refilled by gathering yellow balls of energy that look like question marks.

The later rank-earned upgrades include gradual regeneration of mental health and unlimited energy for all powers. An energy blast is a collection of energy in the form of a projectile that has destructive effects when it strikes an object. ... Edgar Cayce (1877 – 1945) was one of the best-known American psychics of the 20th century and made many highly publicized predictions. ... In psychology and other social and behavioral sciences, aggression refers to behavior that is intended to cause harm or pain. ... an exclamation mark An exclamation mark, exclamation point or bang, !, is usually used after an interjection or exclamation to indicate strong feeling. ... Pyrokinesis is the paranormal or legendary ability to control, ignite, and/or extinguish fire using only the mind. ... The term psychokinesis (from the Greek ψυχή, psyche, meaning mind, soul, or breath; and κίνησις, kinesis, meaning motion; literally movement from the mind)[1][2] or PK, also known as telekinesis[3] (Greek + , literally distant-movement referring to telekinesis) or TK, denotes the paranormal ability of the mind to influence matter, time... Metaphysical levitation is a name given to the paranormal phenomenon of levitation occurring without any scientific explanation (such as electromagnetism or air pressure). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Look up time in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Ammunition, often referred to as ammo, is a generic term meaning (the assembly of) a projectile and its propellant. ... An example of how an object could appear to be invisible through the use of mirrors Invisibility is the state of an object which cannot be seen. ... This article contains descriptions of the many characters who feature in the game Psychonauts. ... In science fiction and fantasy literature, a force field is a physical barrier made up of energy to protect a person or object from attacks or intrusions. ... Clairvoyance, from 17th century French Clair meaning clear and voyant meaning seeing, is a term used to describe the transference of information about an object, location or physical event through means other than the 5 traditional senses (See Psi). ... For other uses, see Mind (disambiguation). ... The term baby can refer to: an infant a very early computer—the Small-Scale Experimental Machine, nicknamed Baby a musician – Brian Williams – who performs under the name Baby. ... Categories: Stub | Exercise equipment | Boxing ... Severe confusion of a degree considered pathological usually refers to loss of orientation (ability to place oneself correctly in the world by time, location, and personal identity), and often memory (ability to correctly recall previous events or learn new materal). ... For other uses, see Ball (disambiguation). ... ? redirects here. ...


Development

The back-story for Psychonauts was originally conceived during the development of Full Throttle, where Tim Schafer envisioned a sequence where the protagonist Ben Throttle goes under a peyote-induced psychedelic experience. While this was eventually ejected from the original game, Schafer kept the idea and eventually developed it into Psychonauts.[8] In narratology, a back-story (also back story or backstory) is the history behind the situation extant at the start of the main story. ... Full Throttle is a graphical adventure game, originally developed in-house and released on 30 April 1995 by LucasArts. ... Binomial name (Lem. ... A psychedelic experience, or trip, is characterized by the perception of aspects of ones mind previously unknown, or by the creative exuberance of the mind liberated from its ordinary fetters. ...


Schafer's team was partly made up of several people he worked with on Grim Fandango at LucasArts. Amongst the art design crew was background artist Peter Chan and cartoonist Scott Campbell. Voice actor Richard Steven Horvitz, best known for his portrayal of Zim in the cult favorite animated series Invader Zim, provides the voice of Raz, the game's protagonist. Grim Fandango is a graphical adventure computer game released by LucasArts in 1998. ... A voice actor (also a voice artist) is a person who provides voices for animated characters (including those in feature films, television series, animated shorts), voice-overs in radio and television commercials, audio dramas, dubbed foreign language films, video games, puppet shows, and amusement rides. ... Richard Steven Horvitz, sometimes credited as Richard S. Horvitz, Richard Horvitz or Richard Wood (born on July 29, 1966 in Los Angeles, California) is an American actor and voice actor. ... Zim is the title character and anti-hero of the Nickelodeon animated series, Invader ZIM. He is a member of the alien Irken race which is composed of little green men, who believe that status is determined by height. ... An animated series or cartoon series is a television series produced by means of animation. ... Invader Zim is an award-winning American animated television series created by alternative cartoonist Jhonen Vasquez that was aired on and produced by Nickelodeon. ...


Originally, Psychonauts was to be published by Microsoft for release exclusively on their Xbox console, but in March 2004, Microsoft pulled out of this deal. It emerged in August 2004 that Double Fine had negotiated a new publishing deal with Majesco to release the game on Windows as well as the Xbox. Tim Schafer was quoted as saying "Together we are going to make what could conservatively be called the greatest game of all time ever, and I think that's awesome."[9] In October 2004, it was revealed that Psychonauts would be released on yet another platform, the PlayStation 2, ported by Budcat Creations. The final US release date for the game on Xbox and Windows was April 19, 2005, with the PlayStation 2 port following on June 21, 2005. Psychonauts was re-released via Valve Corporation's Steam content delivery system on October 11, 2006.[10] Psychonauts was added to the Xbox 360 backwards compatible list on December 12, 2006.[11] Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... The Xbox is a sixth generation era video game console produced by Microsoft Corporation. ... 2004 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December Deaths • 08 Abu Abbas • 20 Queen Juliana • 28 Peter Ustinov • 30 Alistair Cooke More March 2004 deaths Ongoing events EU Enlargement Exploration of Mars: Rovers Haiti Rebellion Israeli-Palestinian conflict Occupation of Iraq Same-sex marriage in... August 2004 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December See also: August 2004 in sports Deaths in August 2004 • 30 Fred Whipple • 26 Laura Branigan • 24 Elisabeth Kübler-Ross • 18 Elmer Bernstein • 15 Amarsinh Chaudhary • 14 CzesÅ‚aw MiÅ‚osz • 13 Julia Child • 8... Majesco Entertainment is a video game developer founded in 1986. ... October 2004 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December See also: October 2004 in sports Events Deaths in October • 29 HRH Princess Alice • 25 John Peel • 24 James Cardinal Hickey • 23 Robert Merrill • 19 Paul Nitze • 18 K. M. Veerappan • 16 Pierre Salinger • 10 Christopher... PS2 redirects here. ... In computer science, porting is the process of adapting software so that an executable program can be created for a computing environment that is different from the one for which it was originally designed (e. ... Budcat Creations, LLC is a privately-owned video game developer founded in 2000 in Las Vegas, Nevada. ... is the 109th day of the year (110th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Valve Corporation is an American video game developer based in Bellevue, Washington, USA, made famous by its first product, Half-Life, which was released in November 1998. ... Steam is a digital distribution, digital rights management, multiplayer and communications platform developed by Valve Corporation. ... is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Reception

Reviews

  • Metacritic score of 88
  • GameSpot: "The whole look of the game feels like the unholy love child of Tim Burton and a Pixar animation team, and it's just wonderful stuff...anyone looking for a fun and whimsical adventure with a brilliant presentation and a fantastic story will find just that in Psychonauts."[12]
  • IGN: "The first half of this game is easily one of the most enjoyable I've had in the past year. But as is the case with many humorous games, the laughs begin to fade in the home stretch and in the end Psychonauts started to wear on me."[13]
  • GameSpy: "It's one of the best platformers the system has seen, mostly thanks to its amazing visuals and downright hilarious dialogue."[14]
  • GameShark: "The best platform game ever to grace the Xbox."[15]
  • Electronic Gaming Monthly: "Anyone who doesn't fall for the unique characters, hilarious dialogue, and brilliantly conceived environments of Psychonauts has no soul. The James Brown of games, Psychonauts' personality overcomes its flaws."[16]
  • New York Times: "Insanity is what makes Psychonauts entertaining and unusual, so it is a shame you have to spend several hours in the mildly eccentric minds of instructors before getting to the cool part of the game."[17]
  • Sydney Morning Herald: "A wildly imaginative, frequently hilarious and hugely entertaining platforming romp through the subconscious."[18]
  • PC Gamer: "A refreshingly funny Escape From Twitch Mountain." (90/100)
  • Total Gamer: The greatest game of all time. (A+)

Metacritic is a website that collates reviews of music albums, games, movies, TV shows, DVDs and books. ... GameSpot is a video gaming website that provides news, reviews, previews, downloads, and other information. ... IGN - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... GameSpy, also known as GameSpy Industries, is a division of IGN Entertainment, which operates a network of game Web sites and provides online video game-related services and software. ... GameShark is the brand name of a line of video game cheat cartridges and other products for a variety of console video game systems and Windows based computers. ... Electronic Gaming Monthly (often abbreviated to EGM) is an American video game magazine. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... ... PC Gamer is a magazine founded in 1993 devoted to PC gaming and published monthly by Future Publishing. ...

Awards

  • British Academy Video Games Awards 2006: Best Screenplay[19]
  • GameSpot Best and Worst of 2005: Best Voice Acting, Best Graphics Artistic, Funniest Game, Best Game No One Played, Best Platformer
  • IGN 2005 Awards: Best Platformer, Best Game No One Played
  • Razputin was placed #2 on the Game Informer "Top 10 Heroes of 2005" list.
  • EuroGamer: Overall Game of the Year 2005
  • PSM: Buy or Die award in issue #100, #5 on Top 10 Games of 2005 list, Best Characters
  • Electronic Gaming Monthly 2005 Awards: Best Game No One Played
  • 6th annual Game Developers Choice Awards: Best Writing, with Tim Schafer and Erik Wolpaw accepting
  • PC Powerplay: First full 10/10 score after the magazine's switch from the 100-point scoring system to its current 10-point scoring system
  • PC Gamer magazine 2005 Awards: Best Game You Didn't Play, Editor's Choice Award
  • E3 2002 Game Critics Awards: Best Original Game
  • GameShadow Innovation in Games Awards nominee (Best Game, Innovative Visual Effects, Best Narrative)
  • G4's X-Play deemed Psychonauts the Funniest game ever in their "Funniest @#%& Ever" episode and was voted #7 in the top ten games on the Xbox in the "Best of the Xbox" episode.

BAFTA Award The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA), is a British organisation that hosts annual awards shows for film, television, childrens film and television, and interactive media. ... GameSpot is a video gaming website that provides news, reviews, previews, downloads, and other information. ... IGN - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Game Informer (often abbreviated to GI) is an American-based monthly magazine featuring articles, news, strategy and reviews of popular video games and associated consoles. ... Electronic Gaming Monthly (often abbreviated to EGM) is an American video game magazine. ... The Game Developers Conference has annually hosted the Game Developers Choice Awards presented by the International Game Developers Association for outstanding developers of video game entertainment since 2001. ... E³ logo The Electronic Entertainment Expo, commonly known as E³, was an annual trade show for the computer and video games industry presented by the Entertainment Software Association. ... The Game Critics Awards are a set of annual awards held after the Electronic Entertainment Expo (E³) since 1998 to current. ... GameShadow is a freeware utility that keeps PC gamers up-to-date with patches, game demos, movies, mods and other content for PC games. ... G4 is an American cable and satellite television channel originally geared toward male viewers aged 12–34, devoted to the world of video games and the video game lifestyle. ... X-Play logo X-Play (previously Gamespot TV and Extended Play) is a video game review television show hosted by Adam Sessler and Morgan Webb. ...

Sales

Despite the game's critical success, its sales have been lackluster. Although the game was cited as the primary contributing factor to a strong quarter immediately following the game's release,[20] a month later Majesco revised their fiscal year projections from a net profit of $18 million to a net loss of $18 million,[21] and at the same time its CEO, Carl Yankowski, announced his immediate resignation.[22] By the end of the year the title had shipped fewer than 100,000 copies, and Majesco announced its plans to withdraw from the "big budget console game marketplace".[23] However, this figure predated the game's European release, its release on Steam, and its inclusion on the Xbox 360's backward-compatible list. “Chief executive” redirects here. ...


According to Schafer, as of June 14, 2007 Psychonauts had sold 400,000 copies (not counting digital distribution, or the Double Fine company store). Also, Psychonauts is now officially 'out of print'.[24] is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


On June 14, 2007, Gametap added Psychonauts to its subscription service game library, and will be free until December 31st, 2007.[25] is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... GameTap is a subscription-based video game service by Turner Broadcasting System (TBS). ...


Notes

  • Examining the tree stumps used as part of a system for traveling around the campsite gives a reference to a joke used in The Secret of Monkey Island, a game Tim Schafer also worked on. This line was also included in Grim Fandango.[citation needed]
  • Erik Wolpaw, a member of the original Old Man Murray team, worked as a writer on Psychonauts contributing story and dialog. [26]
  • Originally, the main character was an ostrich suffering from mental imbalance and multiple personalities. Tim Schafer killed the idea because he strongly believes in games being "wish fulfillments," guessing that not many people fantasize about being an insane ostrich. [27]
  • Tim Schafer first conceived the idea for Psychonauts while working on Full Throttle, which originally was to have an interactive peyote trip sequence. The idea was deemed unsuitable for a family-friendly game, but it led to Schafer's desire to do a game featuring psychological trips or interactive dream sequences. [28]
  • While once suffering from writer's block, Tim Schafer came up with the idea to develop many of the supporting characters of Psychonauts by giving them fictional online identities on the Friendster social network service and posting messages in-character.[citation needed]
  • The term Psychonaut originally referred to one who explores their inner psyche. The name literally means a "sailor of the psyche".[citation needed]

The Secret of Monkey Island (SMI) is a well known adventure game that spawned a series of famous and classic comedy adventure games, known as the Monkey Island series as well as making a name for LucasArts (then Lucasfilm Games) as a producer of adventure games, thus the largest competitor... Grim Fandango is a graphical adventure computer game released by LucasArts in 1998. ... Erik Wolpaw was one of the two writers behind the influential and now-defunct Old Man Murray video game commentary web site. ... Old Man Murray (aka OMM) was a popular computer game news and review site, well-known for its highly irreverent commentary and administered by Chet Faliszek and Erik Wolpaw. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 The present-day distribution of Ostriches. ... Full Throttle is a graphical adventure game, originally developed in-house and released on 30 April 1995 by LucasArts. ... Binomial name (Lem. ... Friendster is an Internet social network service. ... This article is about people who explore their inner psyche, and related practices; for other uses, see Psychonaut (disambiguation). ... This article is about maritime crew. ... The neutrality of this article is disputed. ...

References

  1. ^ Double Fine Productions. Psychonauts. Majesco. Xbox. Level/area: Opening sequence (in English). “Milla Vodello: It's just a little boy! What's your name, darling? / Coach Oleander: I'll find out... (The Coach tries to pry into the boy's mind, but fails.) Can't... get... in! / Razputin: My name... / Coach Oleander: Starts with a "D"! / Razputin: ...is Razputin. But everybody calls me... Raz.”
  2. ^ Double Fine Productions. Psychonauts. Majesco. Xbox. Level/area: Opening sequence (in English). “Milla Vodello: Now darling, you can stay here for a few days until your parents come for you, but we can't let you participate in any paranormal training without your parents' consent. I'm sorry.”
  3. ^ Double Fine Productions. Psychonauts. Majesco. Xbox. Level/area: Whispering Rock (in English). “Sasha Nein: Your performance, young cadet, was outstanding. I'd like you to report to my lab for some advanced training.”
  4. ^ Double Fine Productions. Psychonauts. Majesco. Xbox. Level/area: Brain Tumbler Experiment (in English). “Sasha Nein: With this device we will send you deep into your own psyche, where you should find unparalleled insight and power.”
  5. ^ Double Fine Productions. Psychonauts. Majesco. Xbox. Level/area: Sasha's Shooting Gallery (in English). “Sasha Nein: This is a censor, an integral part of any sane person's mind. The censors roam through your psyche, looking for thoughts that don't belong: hallucinations, manias, waking dreams. The censors hunt them down and censor them out.”
  6. ^ Double Fine Productions. Psychonauts. Majesco. Xbox. Level/area: Brain Tumbler Experiment (in English). “Doctor Loboto: Little boy, I am sorry to say that you have a very serious mental problem. The trouble originates in this area here. The area that we in the medical profession like to refer to as... the brain! You see, son... it's just no good! I hate to be so blunt, but... you have the insanity... of a manatee! / Dogen: I know. People are always saying that. What do you think's wrong with my brain, doctor? / Doctor Loboto: How should I know, I'm a dentist. But here's what I do know: if a tooth is bad, you pull it!”
  7. ^ Double Fine Productions. Psychonauts. Majesco. Xbox. Level/area: Whispering Rock (in English). “Razputin: Dogen! Are you okay? I had the strangest machine-induced dream about you. / Dogen: T.V.? / Razputin: Well, first of all, Sasha Nein invited me down to his secret lab, and- / Dogen: T.V.? / Razputin: (looks through Dogen's head to find that his brain is missing) He's completely brainless! The dream was true!”
  8. ^ Goldstein, Hilary (2005-02-03). Tim Schafer: A Man and His Beard. Yahoo! Games. Retrieved on 2007-12-01.
  9. ^ Majesco Acquires Publishing Rights To Double Fine’s ‘PSYCHONAUTS’. Majesco (2004-08-04). Retrieved on 2006-10-18.
  10. ^ Sinclair, Brendan (2006-09-14). Majesco Steams up Psychonauts. gamespot.co.uk. Retrieved on 2006-10-19.
  11. ^ Sinclair, Brendan (2006-09-14). Dozens added to 360 backwards-compatibility list. gamespot.co.uk. Retrieved on 2006-12-14.
  12. ^ Navarro, Alex (2005-04-19). GameSpot Game Review for Psychonauts. GameSpot.
  13. ^ Goldstein, Hilary (2005-04-22). Psychonauts: Tim Schafer's ready to blow your mind.. IGN.
  14. ^ Tuttle, Will (2005-04-22). GameSpy: Psychonauts Review. GameSpy.
  15. ^ Hill, Will (2005-05-09). Psychonauts Review. GameShark.
  16. ^ "Psychonauts Review", Electronic Gaming Monthly, May 2005, pp. 136. 
  17. ^ Herold, Charles (2005-05-06). Off the Couch, Deeper Into the Psyche. New York Times.
  18. ^ Hill, Jason (2006-02-09). Psychonauts. Sydney Morning Herald.
  19. ^ BAFTA Video Game Awards winners 2006 (2006-10-06). Retrieved on 2006-10-06.
  20. ^ MAJESCO REPORTS RECORD SECOND QUARTER 2005 FINANCIAL RESULTS (2005-06-07).
  21. ^ MAJESCO ENTERTAINMENT REDUCES FISCAL 2005 FINANCIAL OUTLOOK (2005-07-12).
  22. ^ MAJESCO ENTERTAINMENT COMPANY ANNOUNCES KEY MANAGEMENT CHANGES (2005-07-12).
  23. ^ An experiment failed: Majesco learns a hard lesson about the video game industry. (2006-01-24).
  24. ^ http://www.doublefine.com/news.htm#14june2007
  25. ^ http://www.joystiq.com/2007/06/14/gametap-expanding-free-play-to-40-titles-by-months-end/
  26. ^ http://www.rockpapershotgun.com/?p=518#more-518
  27. ^ http://www.gamespy.com/articles/585/585524p3.html
  28. ^ http://pc.ign.com/articles/585/585122p1.html

Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Yahoo! Games is the games section of the Yahoo! website. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 292nd day of the year (293rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 109th day of the year (110th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 158th day of the year (159th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Psychonauts

  Results from FactBites:
 
Psychonauts review for the XBOX (1385 words)
I was absorbed into his art project for a good half-hour, so impressed with his twisted take on this tired genre that I took part in giving it Best of E3 awards from both GR and the E3 Game Critics.
Psychonauts is as much adventure as it is action, a fact made clear early on as Raz explores the camp and interacts with its large cast of wackos.
Psychonauts has multiple variations on the Mario coin, from artsy-fartsy "Figments of Imagination" found in people's minds to Arrowheads that function as currency.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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