The psychological schools are the great classical theories of psychology. Each has been highly influential, however most psychologists hold eclectic viewpoints that combine aspects of each school. Psychology (ancient Greek: psyche = soul or mind, logos/-ology = study of) is an academic and applied field involving the study of mind and behavior. ... A psychologist is a researcher and/or a practitioner of psychology. ... Eclecticism is an approach to thought that does not hold rigidly to a single paradigm or set of assumptions or conclusions, but instead draws upon multiple theories to gain complementary insights into phenomena, or applies only certain theories in particular cases. ...
The most influential ones are behaviorism, the psychoanalytic school of Freud, functionalism, and cognitivism. Here are some other schools of thought in psychology: John B. Watson was one of the important influences on the development of behaviorism. ... Sigmund Freud founded the psychoanalytic school of psychology. ... Sigmund Freud His famous couch Sigmund Freud (May 6, 1856 - September 23, 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of the psychoanalytic school of psychology, a movement that popularized the theory that unconscious motives control much behavior. ... Functionalism is a term with several senses: For functionalism in sociology, see Functionalism (sociology). ... The word cognitivism is used in several ways: In ethics, cognitivism is the philosophical view that ethical sentences express propositions, and hence are capable of being true or false. ...
Psychological testing is a field characterized by the use of small samples of behavior in order to infer larger generalizations about a given individual.
The technical term for the science behind psychological testing is psychometrics Psychometrics is the field of study concerned with the theory and technique of psychological measurement, which includes the measurement of knowledge, abilities, attitudes, and personality traits.
Psychological measures of personality are often described as either objective tests or projective tests A projective test, in psychology, is a personality test designed to let a person respond to ambiguous stimuli, presumably revealing hidden emotions and internal conflicts.
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