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Encyclopedia > Psi (parapsychology)

In parapsychology, psi is defined as the active agent by which mind influences matter and is able to receive ESP impressions. Daryl J. Bem and Charles Honorton defined psi thus: Parapsychology is the study of certain types of paranormal phenomena (parapsychology comes from the Greek para, “beside, beyond,” + psychology, derived from the Greek psyche, “soul, mind,” + logos “rational discussion”). The term was coined by Max Dessoir (1889). ... Extra-sensory perception, or ESP, is the ability to acquire information by means other than the five main senses of taste, sight, touch, smell, and hearing. ... Daryl J. Bem is a noted social psychologist at Cornell University, USA, and the originator of the self-perception theory of attitude change. ... Charles Honorton (1946 - November 4, 1992) was, first and foremost, a parapsychologist. ...

The term psi denotes anomalous processes of information or energy transfer, processes such as telepathy or other forms of extrasensory perception that are currently unexplained in terms of known physical or biological mechanisms. The term is purely descriptive: It neither implies that such anomalous phenomena are paranormal nor connotes anything about their underlying mechanisms.[1]

The term psi was coined by B. P. Wiesner Dr. and used by Robert Thouless during the 1940s, in his article entitled the Beginnings of Psychical Research. According to the website of the Parapsychological Association, psi can be British academic Robert H. Thouless (?-1984[1]) is best known as the author of Straight and Crooked Thinking (1953), which describes flaws in reasoning and argument. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... The Parapsychological Association was formed in 1957 as a professional society for parapsychologists following an initiative by J.B. Rhine. ...

used either as a noun or adjective to identify paranormal processes and paranormal causation; the two main categories of psi are psi-gamma (paranormal cognition; extrasensory perception and psi-kappa (paranormal action; psychokinesis), although the purpose of the term "psi" is to suggest that they might simply be different aspects of a single process, rather than distinct and essentially different processes.[2] Extra-sensory perception, or ESP, is the name given to any ability to acquire information by means other than the five canonical senses (taste, sight, touch, smell, and hearing), or any other sense well-known to science (balance, proprioception, etc). ... Paranormal is an umbrella term used to describe a wide variety of reported anomalous phenomena. ... Psychokinesis (< Greek + , literally mind-movement) or PK, also known as telekinesis (< Greek + , literally distant-movement) or TK, is the the ability of the mind to influence matter, for example to move or distort an object. ...

In popular culture, "psi phenomena" have become synonymous with psychic and "psionic" phenomena. In the popular movie Alive, A movie based on real events of Argentinian rugby players' fight for survival from a plane crash over the andes, one of the victims, thought he had ESP, but obviously did not see the plane crash coming A psychic is a person who is able to experience extra-sensory perception, such as clairvoyance, psychometry, and precognition, or who has other paranormal abilities such as psychokinesis. ... Parapsychology is the study of the evidence involving phenomena where a person seems to affect or gain information about something through a means not currently explainable within the framework of mainstream, conventional science. ...


See also

Psi, for other meanings. Parapsychology Extra Sensory Perception Psi has multiple meanings: Psi (letter) (Ψ, ψ) of the Greek alphabet Psi (Cyrillic) (Ѱ, ѱ), letter of the early Cyrillic alphabet, adopted from Greek Psi (instant messenger), the popular Jabber client program J/ψ particle, a subatomic particle Schrödinger equation in quantum mechanics, ψ Ψ in mathematics is the angle between the tangent and the... Parapsychology is the study of certain types of paranormal phenomena (parapsychology comes from the Greek para, “beside, beyond,” + psychology, derived from the Greek psyche, “soul, mind,” + logos “rational discussion”). The term was coined by Max Dessoir (1889). ... Extra-sensory perception, or ESP, is the name given to any ability to acquire information by means other than the five canonical senses (taste, sight, touch, smell, and hearing), or any other sense well-known to science (balance, proprioception, etc). ...


References

  1. ^ Psychological Bulletin 1994, Vol. 115, No. 1, 4-18. Does Psi Exist? Replicable Evidence for an Anomalous Process of Information Transfer By Daryl J. Bem and Charles Honorton
  2. ^ http://www.parapsych.org/glossary_l_r.html#p Parapsychological Association Glossary of Parapsychological terms

 
 

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