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Encyclopedia > Przeworsk culture
The green area is the Przeworsk culture in the first half of the 3rd century. The red area is the extent of the Wielbark culture, the yellow area is a Baltic culture (Yotvingian?), and the pink area is the Debczyn Culture. The dark blue area is the Roman Empire
The green area is the Przeworsk culture in the first half of the 3rd century. The red area is the extent of the Wielbark culture, the yellow area is a Baltic culture (Yotvingian?), and the pink area is the Debczyn Culture. The dark blue area is the Roman Empire

The Przeworsk culture is part of an Iron Age archaeological complex that dates from the 2nd century BC to the 4th century. It was located in what is now central and southern Poland and parts of eastern Slovakia and Carpathian Ruthenia ranging between the Odra and the middle and upper Vistula Rivers into the headwaters of the Dnestr and Tisza Rivers. It takes its name from the village of Przeworsk where the first artefacts were found. map based on Image:Europe plain rivers. ... map based on Image:Europe plain rivers. ... // Events The Sassanid dynasty of Persia launches a war to reconquer lost lands in the Roman east. ... The red area is the extent of the Wielbark culture in the first half of the 3rd century. ... Sudovian burial ground near Suwałki The Yotvingians or Yatvingians, (Latvian: Jātvingi, Lithuanian: Jotvingiai, Polish: Jaćwingowie) are one of the extinct Baltic tribes. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation) The Roman Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Ancient Roman polity in the centuries following its reorganization under the leadership of Octavian (better known as Augustus), until its radical reformation in what was later to be known as the Byzantine... Iron Age Axe found on Gotland This article is about the archaeological period known as the Iron Age, for the mythological Iron Age see Iron Age (mythology). ... (3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - other centuries) (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium AD) // Events 175 BCE - Antiochus IV Epiphanes, took possession of the Syrian throne, at the murder of his brother Seleucus IV Philopator, which rightly belonged to his nephew Demetrius I Soter. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 4th century was that century which lasted from 301 to 400. ... Carpathian Ruthenia (Ukrainian Карпатська Русь, Karpatska Rus ) or Carpatho-Ukraine or Carpathian Ukraine is a name for a small part of Central Europe that was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (since 1526 under Habsburg rule). ... Odra is: Odra or Oder, a river in northern Europe Odra, a computer once made in Poland name of several Polish football clubs, eg. ... The Vistula (Polish: WisÅ‚a) is the longest river in Poland. ... The river Dniestr (in Polish and Russian; Nistru in Romanian; Дністер, Dnister in Ukrainian; Tyras in Latin; also known as Dniester) is a river in Eastern Europe. ... The Tisza in Szeged, Hungary Length 1358 km Elevation of the source  ?  m Average discharge  ?  m³/s Area watershed  ?  km² Origin  Ukraine Mouth  Dunav (Danube) Basin countries Ukraine, Romania, Slovakia, Hungary, Serbia and Montenegro Tisza ([ˈtisa], Hungarian; Ukrainian Tysa/Тиса Romanian, Slovak and Serbian Tisa) is a river, a tributary of...


The immediately preceding and more widespread Lusatian culture occupied this same area. To the east, in what is now northern Ukraine and southern Russia, was the Zarubintsy culture, to which it is linked as a larger archaeological complex. In the east and to the north of the Zarubintsy culture was the Chernoles culture, which is usually identified as a very early Slavic community, representing a stage near to Proto-Slavic. The Lusatian culture existed in the later Bronze Age and early Iron Age (1300-500 BC) in eastern Germany, most of Poland, parts of Czech Republic and Slovakia (in older articles described also as Czechoslovakia) and parts of Ukraine. ... The Zarubintsy culture was one of the major archaeological cultures which flourished in the area north of the Black Sea along the upper Dnieper and Pripyat Rivers, stretching west towards the Vistula Basin from the 3rd or 2nd centuries BC until the 2nd century AD. It was identified ca 1899... The Chernoles culture is an iron age archaeological unit dating ca. ... The Slavic peoples are defined by their linguistic attainment of the Slavic languages. ...


At its northeastern edge, the Goths developed the Wielbark culture along the lower and middle Vistula. To the northeast of the Goths, there was a Baltic (and likely Baltic-speaking) culture, perhaps the Aesti. Invasion of the Goths: a late 19th century painting by O. Fritsche portrays the Goths as cavalrymen. ... The red area is the extent of the Wielbark culture in the first half of the 3rd century. ... The Baltic Sea The Balts or Baltic peoples (Latvian: balti, Lithuanian: baltai), defined as speakers of one of the Baltic languages, a branch of the Indo-European language family, are descended from a group of Indo-European tribes who settled the area between lower Vistula and upper Dvina and Dneper. ... The Baltic languages are a group of related languages belonging to the Indo-European language family and spoken mainly in areas extending east and southeast of the Baltic Sea in Northern Europe. ... The Roman historian Tacitus in his book Germania mentions a Aesti or Aestii people. ...


Roman-era writers report this area as being occupied by Lugians. A substantial effort has been expended in the past to characterize this as an early Slavic-speaking community. Modern thinking, however, leans towards assigning the culture to an East-Germanic-speaking people who likely evolved into the Vandals, though doubtless there was overlapping interpenetration with Slavic-speakers. The early Burgundians occupied portions of the area towards the end of this cultural period. Certainly, however, the undisputedly Slavic-speaking Venedi were later found exactly here. The green area is the Przeworsk culture identified with the Lugians. ... The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages), a group of closely related languages of the Slavic peoples and a subgroup of Indo-European languages, have speakers in most of Eastern Europe, in much of the Balkans, in parts of Central Europe, and in the northern part of Asia. ... The East Germanic languages are a group of extinct Indo-European languages in the Germanic family. ... The Vandals were an East Germanic tribe that entered the late Roman Empire during the 5th century and created a state in North Africa, centered on the city of Carthage. ... The Burgundians or Burgundes were an East Germanic tribe which may have emigrated from mainland Scandinavia to the island of Bornholm, whose old form in Old Norse still was Burgundarholmr (the Island of the Burgundians), and from here to mainland Europe. ... Venedes is the term used in a number of ancient texts, starting with Tacitus, to describe an ethnic group living (presumably) in Central Europe. ...


Sources

  • J. P. Mallory, "Przeworsk culture", Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture, Fitzroy Dearborn, 1997.
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