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Encyclopedia > Provost (religion)

A provost is a senior official in a number of Christian churches. Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as recounted in the New Testament. ...

Contents


Historical development

The word praepositus (Latin: "set over", from praeponere, "to place in front") was at first applied to any ecclesiastical ruler or dignitary. It was soon more specifically applied to the immediate subordinate to the abbot of a monastery, or to the superior of a single cell, and it was defined as such in the Rule of St Benedict. The dean (decanus) was a similarly ranked official. Chrodegang of Metz adopted this usage from the Benedictines when he introduced the monastic organization of cathedral chapters. The provostship (praepositura) was normally held by the archdeacon, while the office of dean was held by the archpriest. In many cathedrals, the temporal duties of the archdeacons made it impossible for them to fulfil those of the provostship, and the headship of the chapter thus fell to the dean. Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Abbots coat of arms The word abbot, meaning father, has been used as a Christian clerical title in various, mainly monastic, meanings. ... Monastery of St. ... A “Monk” is a person who practices asceticism, the conditioning of mind and body in favor of the spirit. ... St Benedict of Nursia (c. ... In religious terminology, a dean is a title accorded to persons holding cartain positions of authority within a religious heirarchy. ... Saint Chrodegang, bishop of Metz, was born in the early eighth century at Hasbania (now Belgian Limburg) of a noble Frankish family, and died at Metz, March 6, 766. ... City motto: Si paix dedans, paix dehors (French: If peace inside, peace outside) City proper (commune) Région Lorraine Département Moselle (57) Mayor Jean-Marie Rausch Area 41. ... A Benedictine is a person who follows the Rule of St Benedict. ... A cathedral is a Christian church building, specifically of a denomination with an episcopal hierarchy, such as the Anglican, Catholic and some Lutheran churches, which serves as the central church of a diocese, and thus as a bishops seat. ... This article incorporates text from the Catholic Encyclopedia, which is in the public domain. ... An archdeacon is a senior position in some Christian churches, above that of most clergy and below a bishop. ... An archpriest is the title of a priest which has supervisory duties over a number of parishes. ...


The title became prevost in Old French, and then prévôt in modern French, before being adopted as "provost" in English. Old French is a term sometimes used to refer to the langue doïl, the continuum of varieties of Romance language spoken in territories corresponding roughly to the northern half of modern France and parts of Belgium and Switzerland during the period roughly from 1000 to 1300 A.D... French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


Church of England

In England, the title of provost in cathedrals was almost completely replaced by that of dean, although sometimes when a bishop nominated himself as dean of his own cathedral, a provost was appointed as his deputy. Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location (dark green) within the United Kingdom (light green), with the Republic of Ireland (blue) to its west Languages None official English de facto Capital None official London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked... A bishop is an ordained member of the Christian clergy who, in certain Christian churches, holds a position of authority. ...


In cathedrals which were also parish churches, however, especially the newly-created cathedrals of the 19th and 20th centuries, the senior priest (who was also the parish priest) continued to be known as the provost. This title was used by the head priests of Birmingham Cathedral, Blackburn Cathedral, Bradford Cathedral, Chelmsford Cathedral, Coventry Cathedral, Derby Cathedral, Leicester Cathedral, Newcastle Cathedral, Portsmouth Cathedral, St. Edmundsbury Cathedral, Sheffield Cathedral, Southwark Cathedral, Southwell Minster, and Wakefield Cathedral, but all were redesignated deans in 2000. In the Scottish Episcopal Church tradition continues. The leading priest of the cathedrals are called provost. A parish church is the church which acts as the religious centre of a parish, the basic administrative unit of episcopal churches. ... St Philips Cathedral St Philips Cathedral is a Church of England cathedral, in Colmore Row, Birmingham, England, dedicated to St Philip. ... Blackburn Cathedral Blackburn Cathedral is officially known as the Cathedral Church of Blackburn Saint Mary the Virgin. ... The east end of the cathedral The interior The Altar Bradford Cathedral (Grid reference SE166333) is situated in the heart of Bradford town centre on a site used for Christian worship since 8th century. ... Chelmsford Cathedral is the Church of England cathedral in the city of Chelmsford in Essex. ... The roofless ruins of the old cathedral. ... Derby Cathedral is a cathedral church in Derby City, England. ... Leicester Cathedral, or St Martins Church is an Anglican cathedral in the English city of Leicester, and the seat of the Bishop of Leicester. ... The Cathedral from the New castle The interior Newcastle Cathedral is a Church of England cathedral in Newcastle, in the north-east of England. ... Portsmouth Anglican Cathedral Interior of the cathedral, at the original nave. ... Sheffield Cathedral is the Church of England cathedral for the diocese of Sheffield, England. ... The nave Southwark Cathedral or The Cathedral and Collegiate Church of St Saviour and St Mary Overie, Southwark, London, lies on the south bank of the River Thames close to London Bridge. ... Southwell Minster Southwell Minster is a minster and cathedral, in the British town of Southwell in Nottinghamshire, six miles away from Newark. ... Wakefield Cathedral, formally the Cathedral Church of All Saints Wakfield is the cathedral for the Church of Englands Diocese of Wakefield and is the seat of the Bishop of Wakefield. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... The neutrality of this article is disputed. ...


The usage is preserved in the title of the heads of some colleges in England formerly administered by the Church. This article is about the higher education title of provost. ... The term college (Latin collegium) is most often used today to denote an educational institution. ...


Germany

In Germany, the heads of certain Roman Catholic chapters are still known as Probst or Propst. The title is also used for a slightly different office in certain dioceses of the German Evangelical Church. German military chaplains, both Catholic and Protestant, have also used the title (e.g. Feldpropst in Prussia). It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Catholicism. ... Pope Pius XI blesses Bishop Stephen Alencastre as fifth Apostolic Vicar of the Hawaiian Islands in a Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace window. ... The Evangelical Church in Germany (German Evangelische Kirche in Deutschland, abbreviated as EKD) is a federation of 23 Lutheran, Reformed and United churches in their respective regions. ... A chaplain is typically a member of the clergy serving a group of people who are not organized as a mission or church; lay chaplains are also found in some settings such as universities. ... The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 Prussia (German: ; Latin: Borussia, Prutenia; Lithuanian: ; Old Prussian: Prūsa; Polish: ) was, most recently, a historic state originating in East Prussia, an area which for centuries had a substantial influence on German and European history. ...


Monastic usage

The heads of Augustinian and Dominican friaries are termed "provost or prior" (praepositus vel prior), and those of Cistercian monasteries "provost or warden" (praepositus vel custos). The Augustinians, named after Saint Augustine of Hippo (died AD 430), are several Roman Catholic monastic orders and congregations of both men and women living according to a guide to religious life known as the Rule of Saint Augustine. ... A friar is a member of a religious mendicant order of men. ... The Order of Cistercians (OCist) (Latin Cistercenses), otherwise Gimey or White Monks (from the colour of the habit, over which is worn a black scapular or apron) are a Catholic order of monks. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Provost - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (169 words)
Provost (civil), an officer of local government, including the equivalent of a mayor in Scotland.
Lord Provost, the equivalent of a Lord Mayor in Scotland.
Provost sergeant, a sergeant in charge of regimental police in the British and Commonwealth armies.
Provost (religion) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (420 words)
A provost is a senior official in a number of Christian churches.
In England, the title of provost in cathedrals was almost completely replaced by that of dean, although sometimes when a bishop nominated himself as dean of his own cathedral, a provost was appointed as his deputy.
The heads of Augustinian and Dominican friaries are termed "provost or prior" (praepositus vel prior), and those of Cistercian monasteries "provost or warden" (praepositus vel custos).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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