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Encyclopedia > Provinces of Pakistan

Currently, Pakistan is subdivided into four provinces, two territories, and also portions of Kashmir that are administered by the Pakistani government.


Local Governments

The provinces are divided into a total of 105 zillas (Districts.) A zilla is further subdivided into tehsils (roughly equivalent to counties.) Tehsils may contain villages or municipalities. There are over five thousand local governments in Pakistan. Since 2001, the vast majority of these have been led by democratically elected local councils, each headed by a Nazim (the word means "supervisor" in Urdu, but is sometimes translated as "mayor.")

Provinces and territories


  1. Balochistan
  2. North-West Frontier Province
  3. Punjab
  4. Sindh


  1. Islamabad Capital Territory
  2. Federally Administered Tribal Areas

Pakistani-administered portions of Kashmir region:

  1. Azad Kashmir
  2. Northern Areas


In the 1960s, Pakistan was simply divided into two "units" of East Pakistan and West Pakistan. After East Pakistan became independent as Bangladesh, West Pakistan reverted to a system with four provinces. The provinces consisted of subunits called "divisions", which were further subdivided into districts, tehsils, and villages or municipalities.

In August 2000, Pervez Musharraf's local government reforms abolished the "division" as an administrative tier. A system of local government councils was established, with the first elections being held in 2001. Since the 2001 Local Government Ordinances, Pakistan has embarked on a radical restructuring of the local government system. The government is implementing a devolution plan which, in its words, "follows the principle of subsidiarity, whereby all functions that can be effectively performed at the local level are transferred to that level. This has meant the decentralization to the districts and tehsils of many functions previously handled by the provincial governments."

Related articles

External links

Provincial government websites

Federal government websites relating to local governments

  • Decentralization Support Program: http://www.decentralization.org.pk/
  • National Reconstruction Bureau: http://www.nrb.gov.pk/

Subdivisions of Pakistan
Balochistan | North-West Frontier Province | Punjab | Sindh
Islamabad Capital Territory | Federally Administered Tribal Areas | Azad Kashmir | Northern Areas

  Results from FactBites:
Pakistan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3989 words)
Pakistan has been an ally of the United States for much of its history as a modern nation-state, from the 1950s and as a member of CENTO and SEATO.
Pakistan is the second largest Muslim country in terms of population and its status as declared nuclear power—the only Muslim one—also plays into its role on the international scene.
Pakistan, a developing country, is the sixth most populous in the world and is faced with a number of challenges on the political and economic fronts.
  More results at FactBites »



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