FACTOID # 14: North Carolina has a larger Native American population than North Dakota, South Dakota and Montana combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Provinces of Canada

Politics of Canada

Executive

Monarchy (The Crown)


Governor General


Prime Minister

Cabinet
Legislative

Parliament


Senate

Speaker of the Senate
Government Leader in the Senate
Opposition Leader in the Senate

House of Commons

Speaker of the House
Government House Leader
Leader of the Official Opposition
Judicial

Supreme Court


Lower Courts of Appeal


Constitution

Charter of Rights and Freedoms
Regions

Provinces and territories

Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories. The major difference between a Canadian province and a Canadian territory is that a province is a creation of the Constitution Act, while a territory is created by federal law. Thus, the federal government has more direct control over the territories, while provincial governments have many more competences and rights.


Provinces have a great deal of power relative to the federal government, having a large measure of control over spending on social programs such as medicare, education, welfare, and the like. They receive "transfer payments" from the federal government to pay for these, as well as exacting their own taxes.


Map of Canada (PDF (http://atlas.gc.ca/rasterimages/english/maps/reference/national/can_eng_links.pdf))


Prime minister Paul Martin surprised some observers in late 2004 by expressing his personal support for all three territories gaining provincial status 'eventually'. He cited their importance to the country as a whole and the need to assert sovereignty in the Arctic, particularly as global warming could make that region more open to exploitation. [1] (http://www.cbc.ca/story/canada/national/2004/11/22/provinces041122.html)


Provincial and territorial legislatures are unicameral, having no second chamber equivalent to the Canadian Senate. Originally a few provinces did have such bodies, known as legislative councils, but these were subsequently abolished, Quebec's being the last in 1968. In most provinces, the single house of the legislature is known as the Legislative Assembly except in Nova Scotia and Newfoundland and Labrador, where it is called the House of Assembly, and Quebec where it is called the National Assembly. Ontario has a Legislative Assembly but its members are Members of the Provincial Parliament or MPPs. The legislative assemblies use a procedure similar to that of the Canadian House of Commons. The head of government of each province, called the premier, is generally the head of the party with the most seats. This is also the case in Yukon, but the Northwest Territories and Nunavut have no political parties at the territorial level. The Queen's representative to each province is the lieutenant-governor. Each of the territories has a commissioner in the place of a lieutenant-governor. These terminological differences are summarized below.

Simplistic map of Canadian provinces
Contents

Provincial and territorial terminology compared with federal

Canada Governor General Prime Minister Parliament House of Commons Member of Parliament
Quebec Lieutenant Governor Premier Legislature National Assembly Member of the National Assembly
Ontario Legislative Assembly Member of the Provincial Parliament
Newfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly Member of the House of Assembly
Nova Scotia Member of the Legislative Assembly
Other provinces Legislative Assembly
Territories Commissioner

Provinces of Canada

This table follows Canadian custom by listing the provinces in geographical rather than alphabetical order. (This may run east to west, as here, or the othe way. As Prince Edward Island is north of Nova Scotia, they may be listed in either order.) Population figures are from 2004 except as noted.

Province Postal abbreviation Other abbreviations Capital Entered Confederation Population Area (km²)
Newfoundland and Labrador NL (formerly NF) Nfld. St. John's March 31, 1949 (2001) 533,800 405,212
Nova Scotia NS N.S. Halifax July 1, 1867 938,134 55,284
Prince Edward Island PE P.E.I., PEI Charlottetown July 1, 1873 137,900 5,660
New Brunswick NB N.B. Fredericton July 1, 1867 (2001) 757,100 72,908
Quebec QC (formerly PQ) Que., P.Q. Quebec City July 1, 1867 7,560,592 1,542,056
Ontario ON Ont. Toronto July 1, 1867 12,439,755 1,076,395
Manitoba MB Man. Winnipeg July 15, 1870 (2003) 1,162,800 647,797
Saskatchewan SK Sask. Regina September 1, 1905 996,194 651,036
Alberta AB Alta. Edmonton September 1, 1905 3,183,312 661,848
British Columbia BC B.C. Victoria July 20, 1871 4,168,123 944,735

Territories

There are three territories in Canada. They include all of mainland Canada north of latitude 60° North and west of Hudson Bay, as well as essentially all islands north of the Canadian mainland (from those in James Bay to the Arctic Archipelago) that are not politically part of Greenland.

Territory Postal abbreviation Other abbreviations Capital Entered Confederation Population Area (km²)
Nunavut NU   Iqaluit April 1, 1999 29,300 2,093,190
Northwest Territories NT N.W.T., NWT Yellowknife July 15, 1870 (2001) 40,900 1,346,106
Yukon YT Y.T., YK Whitehorse June 13, 1898 (2001) 29,900 482,443

Note: Canada did not acquire any new land to create Yukon, Alberta, Saskatchewan, or Nunavut. All of these originally formed part of the Northwest Territories.


British Columbia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island were separate colonies before joining Canada. Ontario and Quebec were united before Confederation as the Province of Canada.


Manitoba and the Northwest Territories were created in 1870 from Rupert's Land and the North-Western Territory. The land of the Northwest Territories at that time was all of current western Canada, except British Columbia and southern Manitoba, and the northern three-quarters of Ontario and Quebec. In 1999 Nunavut was created from the eastern portion of the Northwest Territories. The Yukon Territory lies in the western portion of the north, while Nunavut is in the east.


Nunavut's population is about 85% Inuit, while the population of the Northwest Territories is only about 10% Inuit, 40% First Nations and Métis, and 50% non-aboriginal.


The combined territories are the most sparsely populated region in Canada, with about 100,000 people spread across a huge area. They are often referred to as a single region for organizational purposes.


See also



  Results from FactBites:
 
Encyclopedia: Province of Canada (1646 words)
Canada East (French: Canada-Est) was the eastern portion of the Province of Canada.
Canada West was the western portion of the Province of Canada.
The Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada was the legislature for the Province of Canada, which consisted of the former provinces of Lower Canada, then known as Canada East and later the province of Quebec, and Upper Canada, then known as Canada West and later the province of Ontario.
Provinces and territories of Canada - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (947 words)
Canada is a federation of ten provinces which, together with three territories, comprise the world's second largest country.
In most provinces, the single house of the legislature is known as the Legislative Assembly except in Nova Scotia and Newfoundland and Labrador, where it is called the House of Assembly, and Quebec where it is called the National Assembly.
They include all of mainland Canada north of latitude 60° north and west of Hudson Bay, as well as essentially all islands north of the Canadian mainland (from those in James Bay to the Arctic Archipelago) that are not politically part of Greenland.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m