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Encyclopedia > Province of West Prussia

West Prussia (German: Westpreußen (), Polish: Prusy Zachodnie) was a province (17721824 and 18781918) of the Kingdom of Prussia. Image File history File links Westpreußen. ... 1772 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Flag of Prussia (1894 - 1918) The Kingdom of Prussia existed from 1701 until 1918, and from 1871 was the leading kingdom of the German Empire, comprising in its last form almost two-thirds of the area of the Empire. ...


The name of the territory was the combination of two distinct territories,Pomerellia and Westprussia, named on old maps Pomerellia-Westprussia. Pomerellia was once a part of Pomerania, then an independend duchy ruled by the dukes of Pomerellia until they died out in 1294. Brandenburg had inheritance rights, but the Teutonic Order received the land, when the king of Bohemia also wanted to claim it. Western Prussia, was previously also part of the monastic state of Prussia under the Teutonic Order, but in their struggle of independence accepted aid from Casimir IV (Kazimierz IV Jagiellon), husband of Elizabeth Habsburg. While the Jagiellonian-Habsburg-Wasa intermarried dynasties ruled Lithuania and Poland as well as a number of other territories, western Prussia was connected as well and when this conglomerate finally fell apart after at least a century of confusing inheritance situations and wars, western Prussia became officially reunited with eastern Prussia, or former Duchy of Prussia. Incorrectly this has become known as the First Partition of Kingdom of Poland, dated (1772), which actually refers to a number of different none-Polish countries from 1772/1795 on ruled to over eighty percent by Russia, a small portion went to Austria and the smallest part to Kingdom of Prussia. The independent Prince-Bishopric of Warmia, which is situated in the center of eastern Prussia was included in East Prussia; also a small portion from Ducal Prussia with Marienwerder (Kwidzyn). Reign 1446 - June 7, 1492. ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... The state formed by Boleslaus I of Poland in 1025 during his coronation. ... 1772 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Flag of Prussia (1894 - 1918) The Kingdom of Prussia existed from 1701 until 1918, and from 1871 was the leading kingdom of the German Empire, comprising in its last form almost two-thirds of the area of the Empire. ... Prince-Bishop was the title given bishops who held secular powers, beside their inherent clerical power. ... Warmia in 1547 Warmia (Polish: , German: , Latin: Varmia, also historically known as Ermeland) is a region between Pomerania and Masuria in northeastern Poland. ... East Prussia (German: Ostpreu en; Polish: Prusy Wschodnie; Russian: Восточная Пруссия — Vostochnaya Prussiya) was a province of Kingdom of Prussia, situated on the territory of former Ducal Prussia. ... Royal and Ducal Prussia in the second half of 16th century Ethnic map Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth with its major subdivisions as of 1619, superimposed on present-day national borders Ducal Prussia or Brandenburg-Prussia was since 1525 the eastern part of the land called Prussia, officially referred to as Terra... Coat of Arms of Kwidzyn Kwidzyn (German Marienwerder) is a town in northern Poland on the Liwa River, with 39,300 inhabitants (1995). ...


In 1793, during the Second Partition of Poland, the independend Hanse city of Danzig (Gdańsk), no longer able to rely on its own strength, was incorporated into the Kingdom of Prussia. In 1806 southern parts of the province were moved to the Duchy of Warsaw. West and East Prussia were combined as a single province in 18241878. Most of West Prussia was at Treaty of Versailles forced to go to a newly created Polish state in 1919, which consisted of one third of none-Polish inhabitants. Poland immediately became involved in the Polish-Soviet War, which ended with Soviet Union retreating far behind the Curzon Line. The eastern remainder was joined to the Prussian province of East Prussia), and the western remainder was combined to form Grenzmark Posen-West Prussia). In 1945 the Soviet Union conquered all of Prussia and gave parts of it to Poland. 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The foundations of the Hanseatic League (German: Hanse), an alliance of trading cities that for a time in the later Middle Ages and the Early Modern period maintained a trade monopoly over most of Northern Europe and the Baltic, can be seen as early as the 12th century, with the... GdaÅ„sk (pronounced (?), German: Danzig, Kashubian: GduÅ„sk, Latin: Gedania; also other languages) is the sixth-largest city in Poland, and also its principal seaport and the capital of the Pomeranian Voivodship. ... Flag of Prussia (1894 - 1918) The Kingdom of Prussia existed from 1701 until 1918, and from 1871 was the leading kingdom of the German Empire, comprising in its last form almost two-thirds of the area of the Empire. ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Location Official languages Polish Established church Roman Catholic Capital Warsaw Largest City Warsaw Head of state Duke of Warsaw Area about 155,000 km² Population about 4,3 million Existed 1806–1814 The Duchy of Warsaw (Polish: KsiÄ™stwo Warszawskie, Latin: Ducatus Varsoviae, French: Duche de Varsovie) was a Polish... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... It has been suggested that Irreconcilables be merged into this article or section. ... 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic Second Polish Republic Commanders Mikhail Tukhachevsky Józef PiÅ‚sudski Edward Rydz-ÅšmigÅ‚y Strength 950,000 including reserves 5 million 360,000 including reserves 738,000 Casualties Unknown, dead estimated at 100,000 - 150,000 Unknown, dead estimated at 60,000 The Polish... The Curzon Line was a demarcation line proposed in 1919 by the British Foreign Secretary, Lord Curzon of Kedleston, as a possible armistice line between Poland, to the west, and Soviet Russia to the east, during the Polish-Soviet War of 1919–20. ... East Prussia (German: Ostpreu en; Polish: Prusy Wschodnie; Russian: Восточная Пруссия — Vostochnaya Prussiya) was a province of Kingdom of Prussia, situated on the territory of former Ducal Prussia. ... The Grenzmark Posen-Westpreussen were the lands of the former Germany/Prussian provinces of Posen and West Prussia, that remained in Germany after 1920 (end of World War I). ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ...

Contents


Population of West Prussia in 1890/1900

Population of Prussia and its Provinces in 1890
Inhabitants non-German citizens
West Prussia 1,433,681 1,976

From 1885 to 1890 West Prussia's population decreased by 1%. 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday. ...


1875 - 1 343 057 1880 - 1 405 898 1890 - 1 433 681 (681 195 Protestants, 717 532 Catholics, 21 750 Jews, others) 1900 - 1 563 658 (730 685 Protestants, 800 395 Catholics, 18 226 Jews, others)


Divisions

Note: Prussian provinces were subdivided into units called "Kreise" (singular "Kreis", abbreviated "Kr.", English circle), which were similar to large counties in US terms. Cities would have their own "Stadtkreis" (English: municipal county) and the surrounding rural area would be named for the city, but referred to as a "Landkreis" (English: rural county).

Kreis ("County") Polish spelling 1905 Pop Poles Germans Jewish Origin
Danzig district (northern)
Danzig Stadtkreis Gdańsk
Elbing Stadtkreis Elbląg
Berent Koscierzyna 49.4%
Danziger-Höhe Gdańsk-Wyżyny 9.7%
Danziger-Niederung Gdańsk-Niziny
Dirschau Tczew 39.9%
Elbing Elbląg
Karthaus Kartuzy 68.7%
Marienburg Malborg
Neustadt Wejherowo 52.2%
Preußisch Stargard Starogard Gdański 72.6%
Putzig Puck 68.6%
Marienwerder district (southern)
Graudenz Stadtkreis Grudziądz 10.9%
Thorn, Stadtkreis Toruń 22.7%
Briesen Wąbrzeźno 57.4%
Culm (Kulm) Chełmno 53.0%
Deutsch Krone Wałcz
Flatow Złotów 25.4%
Graudenz, Landkreis Grudziądz 40.5%
Konitz Chojnice 53.7%
Löbau Lubawa 80.1%
Marienwerder Kwidzyn 35.7%
Rosenberg Susz 6.9%
Schlochau Człuchów 11.2%
Schwetz Świecie 53.6%
Strasburg Brodnica 65.2%
Stuhm Sztum 36.4%
Thorn, Landkreis Toruń 51.6%
Tuchel Tuchola 63.8%

For alternative meanings of Gdańsk and Danzig, see Gdansk (disambiguation) and Danzig (disambiguation) Motto: Nec temere, nec timide (Neither rashly nor timidly) Voivodship Pomeranian Municipal government Rada miasta Gdańska Mayor Paweł Adamowicz Area 262 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 461 400 (2003) Ranked 6th 1 035 000 1761/km² Founded... Motto: none Voivodship Warmia-Masuria Municipal government Rada Miejska w Elblągu Mayor Henryk Słonina Area 83,32 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 130. ... Kościerzyna is a town in Kashubia or Eastern Pomerania region, north-western Poland, with some 24,000 inhabitants. ... Tczew (Kashubian: Derszowo; German Dirschau) is a town on the river Vistula in Eastern Pomerania region, in northern Poland with 60,000 inhabitants (2002). ... Kartuzy (see also Cities alternative names) is a town in the Kashubia or Eastern Pomerania region, northwestern Poland, with some 16,000 inhabitants. ... Kartuzy (Kashubian/Pomeranian: Kartuzë; see also Cities alternative names) is a town in the Kashubia or Eastern Pomerania region, northwestern Poland, with some 16,000 inhabitants. ... Malbork (pronounce: [malbork], Latin: Civitas Beatae Virginis, German: Marienburg) is a town in northern Poland in the Zulawy region, with 39,000 inhabitants (1998), capital of Malbork County. ... Coat of arms of Wejherowo Flag of Wejherowo Wejherowo (Polish: formerly Wejherowo, Kashubian/Pomeranian: Wejrowò, German: Neustadt in Westpreußen), is a city in Eastern Pomerania, northern Poland, with 46,900 inhabitants (2005). ... Starogard Gdański (German Preussisch Stargard) is a town in Eastern Pomerania in north-western Poland with 50,700 inhabitants (1998). ... The county with capital in Puck, Poland. ... The county with capital in Puck, Poland. ... Motto: Grudziądz- miasto na szczęście Voivodship Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodship Municipal government Rada Miasta Grudziądz Mayor Andrzej Wiśniewski Area 58,7 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 102 800 none 1751/km² Founded City rights - - Latitude Longitude 53° 29 N 18° 46 E Area code +48 56 Car plates CG,CGR Twin... Chojnice is a town in northern Poland with 40,600 inhabitants (2000), near famous Tuchola Forests, Lake Charzykowskie and many other water reservoirs. ... Löbau could refer to: Lubawa, Poland Löbau (Saxony) The district of Löbau-Zittau in Saxony. ... Coat of Arms of Kwidzyn Kwidzyn (German Marienwerder) is a town in northern Poland on the Liwa River, with 39,300 inhabitants (1995). ... Człuchów (Polish: Człuchów; German: Schlochau, pronunciation, IPA: ʧwuxuf,), is a town in Middle Pomerania region, north-western Poland with some 10,000 inhabitants. ... Świecie is a town in northern Poland with 27,000 inhabitants (1995). ... Brodnica is a town in northern Poland with 27,400 inhabitants (1995). ... Sztum is a town in Poland, capital of Sztum County, located in Pomeranian Voivodship, with some 11,000 inhabitants (2000). ... Tuchola is a town in Pomerania, northern Poland in the center of Tuchola forests. ... Tuchola is a town in Pomerania, northern Poland in the center of Tuchola forests. ...

Office Holders

Danzig district - Regierungsbezirk Danzig Governing Presidents of Danzig -Regierungspräsidenten of Danzig 1869–1876 — Paul Friedrich Heinrich Gustav von Diest 1876–1878 — Franz Otto Theodor von Hoffmann 1878–1879 — Heinrich Karl Julius von Achenbach 1879–1880 — Karl Adolf August Ernst von Ernsthausen 1881–1882 — Wilhelm A. Theodor von Wiendowski von Saltzwedell...

See also

One of four districts of East Prussia in 1920 - 1938. ... Historic Western Pomerania (outlined in yellow) on the background of modern country borders. ... Eastern Pomerania (also Pomerelia, East Pomerania, GdaÅ„sk Pomerania, Vistula Pomerania, Polish: , German: ), is a geographical and historical region in the east of Pomerania in northern Poland. ... The Pomeranian Voivodship (in Polish województwo pomorskie) is an administrative region or voivodship in northern Poland within the historic region of Eastern Pomerania. ... The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 The word Prussia (Old Prussian: PrÅ«sa, German: Preußen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian: PrÅ«sai, Latin: Borussia) has had various (often contradictory) meanings: The land of the Baltic Prussians (in what is now parts of southern Lithuania, the Kaliningrad...

External links

  • www.westpreussen-online.de
  • Administrative subdivision of the province in 1910
  • Westpreussenlied (midi)


Provinces of the Kingdom of Prussia
Province of East Prussia | Province of West Prussia | Province of Pomerania | Province of Posen | Province of Silesia | Province of Brandenburg | Province of Saxony | Province of Schleswig | Province of Holstein | Province of Hollenzollern | Province of Hanover | Province of Hesse-Nassau | Province of Westphalia | Province of Rhine Province

Flag of Prussia (1894 - 1918) The Kingdom of Prussia existed from 1701 until 1918, and from 1871 was the leading kingdom of the German Empire, comprising in its last form almost two-thirds of the area of the Empire. ... The Province of Posen (German: , Polish: ) was a province of Prussia from 1846-1918. ... Please be advised that the factual accuracy of Wikipedia articles dealing with topics related to the Oder-Neisse Line is often disputed. ... The Province of Saxony (German Provinz Sachsen) was a Prussian province between the Napoleonic Wars of 1815 and 1947. ... Capital Hanover Head of State King of Hanover Hanover (German: Hannover) is a historical territory in todays Germany. ...

Article Map

This article is part of the Prussia portion of the Wikipedia Project "Historical States" which is structured upon the administrative organization of the Prussian government as it existed just before unification in 1871.

  • Kingdom of Prussia (between 1815 and 1871, part of the German Confederation; between 1871 and 1920, inside the German Empire)
    • Provinces <== YOU ARE HERE
      • Admin. districts ("Regierungsbezirke") - usually two or three per province
        • Counties ("Kreise") - around 30 - 40 per province
          • Civil registration districts ("Standesämter"), similar to a township - usually 5 - 10 per Kreis.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Pomerania - LoveToKnow 1911 (989 words)
POMERANIA (German, Pommern), a territory of Germany and a maritime province of Prussia, bounded on the N. by the Baltic, on the W. by Mecklenburg, on the S. by Brandenburg, and on the E. by West Prussia.
The province is officially divided into the three districts of Stralsund, Stettin and Koslin, but more historical interest attaches to the names of Vorpommern and Hinterpommern, or Hither and Farther Pomerania, the former being applied to the territory to the west, and the latter to that to the east of the Oder.
Off the west coast, which is very irregular, lie the islands of Riigen, Usedom and Wollin; the coast of Farther Pomerania is smooth in outline and is bordered with dunes, or sandbanks.
West Prussia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (593 words)
; Polish: Prusy Zachodnie) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia from 1773-1824 and 1878-1918.
Population of Prussia and its Provinces in 1890
From 1885 to 1890 West Prussia's population decreased by 1%.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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