It is one of the predecessors of the now existing German State of Saxony-Anhalt, together with the much smaller former state of Anhalt and some exclaves of Brunswick. Some parts of the Province of Saxony now belong to the Free State of Thuringia.
The Province of Saxony was one of the richest regions of Prussia with highly developed agriculture and industry. It had an area of 25,255 km² and a population of 3.0 million (1905), 3.6 million (1939).
This article is part of the Prussia portion of the Wikipedia Project "Historical States" which is structured upon the administrative organization of the Prussian government as it existed just before unification in 1871.
This old Duchy of Saxony, as it is called in distinction from the Duchy of Saxe-Wittenberg, became the centre of the opposition of the German princes to the imperial power during the era of the Franconian or Salian emperors.
Saxony is the most densely peopled state of the empire, and indeed of all Europe; the reason is the very large immigration on account of the development of manufactures.
The Vicariate Apostolic of Saxony, and the Prefecture Apostolic of Saxon Upper Lusatia.
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