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Encyclopedia > Province of Saxony

The Province of Saxony (German Provinz Sachsen) was a Prussian province between the Napoleonic Wars of 1815 and 1947. Its capital was Magdeburg. It is usually referred to with its full name in order to distinguish it from the Kingdom of Saxony.

It was created in 1816 out of the following terrorities belonging to Prussia: territories formerly belonging to the Archbishopric of Mainz (Erfurt and the Eichsfeld), territories gained from the Kingdom of Saxony, the former Free City of Mühlhausen, the former Free City of Nordhausen, the Duchy of Magdeburg, and those parts of the Margraviate of Brandenburg situated west of the Elbe.

It is one of the predecessors of the now existing German State of Saxony-Anhalt, together with the much smaller former state of Anhalt and some exclaves of Brunswick. Some parts of the Province of Saxony now belong to the Free State of Thuringia.

The Province of Saxony was one of the richest regions of Prussia with highly developed agriculture and industry. It had an area of 25,255 km² and a population of 3.0 million (1905), 3.6 million (1939).

Provinces of the Kingdom of Prussia
Province of East Prussia | Province of West Prussia | Province of Pomerania | Province of Posen | Province of Silesia | Province of Brandenburg | Province of Saxony | Province of Schleswig | Province of Holstein | Province of Hollenzollern | Province of Hanover | Province of Hesse-Nassau | Province of Westphalia | Province of Rhine Province

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This article is part of the Prussia portion of the Wikipedia Project "Historical States" which is structured upon the administrative organization of the Prussian government as it existed just before unification in 1871.

  • Kingdom of Prussia (between 1815 and 1871, part of the German Confederation; between 1871 and 1920, inside the German Empire)
    • Provinces <== YOU ARE HERE
      • Admin. districts ("Regierungsbezirke") - usually two or three per province
        • Counties ("Kreise") - around 30 - 40 per province
          • Civil registration districts ("Standesämter"), similar to a township - usually 5 - 10 per Kreis.

  Results from FactBites:
Saxony (7922 words)
This old Duchy of Saxony, as it is called in distinction from the Duchy of Saxe-Wittenberg, became the centre of the opposition of the German princes to the imperial power during the era of the Franconian or Salian emperors.
Saxony is the most densely peopled state of the empire, and indeed of all Europe; the reason is the very large immigration on account of the development of manufactures.
The Vicariate Apostolic of Saxony, and the Prefecture Apostolic of Saxon Upper Lusatia.
Province of Saxony - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (463 words)
Saxony (German: Sachsen) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia and later the Free State of Prussia from 1816 until 1945.
The Erfurt Regierungsbezirk was merged with the Herrschaft Schmalkalden district of the province Hesse-Nassau to become the Reichsstatthalter of the new state of Thuringia.
Before the end of 1945, the province of Saxony was merged with some exclaves of the former state of Brunswick to form the new state of Saxony-Anhalt.
  More results at FactBites »



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