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Encyclopedia > Province of Posen

The Province of Posen (German: Provinz Posen, Polish: Prowincja Poznańska) was a province of Prussia from 1846-1918. Its capital was Poznań (German: Posen). Known as the "cradle of the Polish nation", this region was the home to Poles, Germans, some Jews and a smattering of other peoples. Almost all the Poles were Roman Catholic, and about 90% of the Germans were Protestant. The small numbers of Jews were primarily to be found in the larger communities, mostly in skilled crafts, local commerce and regional trading. The smaller the community, the more likely it was to be either Polish or German. These "pockets of ethnicity" existed side by side, with more of them being German in the northwest, and more being Polish in the southeast. With Germanization policies, the population became more German until the end of the 19th century, when the trend reversed (so called Ostflucht). This was despite efforts of the government in Berlin, which established a resettlement program to buy land from Poles and make it available only to Germans. Posen Kreise graphic created by James Birkholz for www. ... Flag of Prussia (1894 - 1918) The Kingdom of Prussia existed from 1701 until 1918, and from 1871 was the leading kingdom of the German Empire, comprising in its last form almost two-thirds of the area of the Empire. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... PoznaÅ„ (in Polish ; full official name: The Capital City of PoznaÅ„, Latin: Posnania, German: Posen, Yiddish: פּױזן Poyzn) is a city in west-central Poland with over 578,900 inhabitants (2002). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Catholicism. ... Protestantism is a movement within Christianity, representing the splitting away from the Roman Catholic Church during the mid-to-late Renaissance in Europe—a period known as the Protestant Reformation. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Ostflucht (flight from the East) was a movement by residents of the historically eastern German regions, such as East Prussia, West Prussia, Silesia and Province of Posen beginning around 1850, to the more industrialized western German Rhine and Ruhr provinces. ... This article is about the capital city of Germany. ... Building of Settlement Commission in PoznaÅ„, today Collegium Maius The Settlement Commission (German: Ansiedlungskommission) was a department that operated between 1886 and 1918, set up by Otto von Bismarck to increase land ownership of Germans at the expense of Poles in the eastern provinces of the German Empire, through the...

Contents


Description

The land is mostly flat, drained by two major watershed systems; the Noteć (German: Netze) in the north and the Warta (German: Warthe) in the center. Ice Age glaciers left moraine deposits and the land is speckled with hundreds of "finger lakes", streams flowing in and out on their way to one of the two rivers. A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (yellow outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (blue lines) of a contiguous area. ... Warta (Latin: Varta, German: Warthe) is a river in western-central Poland, a tributary of the Oder river. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... Aletsch glacier, Switzerland A glacier is a large, long-lasting river of ice that is formed on land and moves in response to gravity. ... Moraine is the general term for debris of all sorts originally transported by glaciers or ice sheets that have since melted away. ...


Agriculture was the primary industry, as one would expect for the 1800s. The three-field system was used to grow a variety of crops, primarily rye, sugar beets, potatoes, other grains, and some tobacco and hops. Significant parcels of wooded land provided building materials and firewood. Small numbers of livestock existed, including geese, but a fair amount of sheep were herded. Events and Trends Beginning of the Napoleonic Wars (1803 - 1815). ... Crop rotation is the practice of growing two (or more) dissimilar type of crops in the same space in sequence. ... Binomial name Secale cereale M.Bieb. ... Two sugar beets - the one on the left has been cultivated to be smoother than the traditional beet, so that it traps less soil. ... Binomial name Solanum tuberosum L. The potato (Solanum tuberosum) is a perennial plant of the Solanaceae, or nightshade, family, grown for its starchy tuber. ... This article is about grains in general. ... Species Nicotiana acuminata Nicotiana alata Nicotiana attenuata Nicotiana benthamiana Nicotiana clevelandii Nicotiana excelsior Nicotiana forgetiana Nicotiana glauca Nicotiana glutinosa Nicotiana langsdorffii Nicotiana longiflora Nicotiana obtusifolia Nicotiana paniculata Nicotiana plumbagifolia Nicotiana quadrivalvis Nicotiana repanda Nicotiana rustica Nicotianasuaveolens Nicotiana sylvestris Nicotiana tabacum Nicotiana tomentosa Ref: ITIS 30562 as of August 26, 2005... Hop flower in a Hallertau hopgarden Hops are the flowers of Humulus lupulus used as a flavouring and stability agent in beer with the first documented use in the eleventh century. ... Wood burning is the largest current use of biomass derived energy. ... Sheep are commonly bred as livestock. ... Other uses: Goose (disambiguation) Genera Anser Branta Chen Cereopsis † see also: Swan, Duck Anatidae Goose (plural geese) is the general English name for a considerable number of birds, belonging to the family Anatidae. ... Species See text. ...


When this area came under Prussian control, the feudal system was still in force. It was officially ended in Prussia (see Freiherr vom Stein) in 1810 (1864 in Congress Poland), but lingered in some practices until the late 1800s. The situation was thus that (primarily) Polish serfs lived and worked side by side with (predominantly) free German settlers. Though the settlers were given initial advantages, in time their lots were not much different. In simplistic terms, serfs worked for the lord and the lord took care of them. Settlers worked for themselves and took care of themselves, but paid taxes to the lord. Feudalism comes from the Late Latin word feudum, itself borrowed from a Germanic root *fehu, a commonly used term in the Middle Ages which means fief, or land held under certain obligations by feodati. ... Heinrich Friedrich Karl, baron von und zum Stein Heinrich Friedrich Karl, baron von und zum Stein (October 26, 1757 - June 29, 1831), German statesman, was born at the family estate near Nassau. ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Kingdom of Poland 1815-31 The Congress Poland is an unofficial term for the Kingdom of Poland (1815-1831), a political entity that was created out of the Duchy of Warsaw at the Congress of Vienna in 1815, when European powers reorganised Europe following the Napoleonic wars. ...


Typically, an estate would have its manor and farm buildings, and a village nearby for the Polish laborers. Near that village, there might be a German settlement. And in the woods, there would be a forester's dwelling. The estate owners, usually of the nobility, owned the local grist mill, and often other types of mills or perhaps a distillery. In many places, windmills dotted the landscape, reminding one of the earliest settlers, the Dutch, who began the process of turning unproductive river marshes into fields. This process was finished by the German settlers who were used to reclaim unproductive lands (not only marshland) for the host estate owners. A manor house is a country house, which has historically formed the centre of a manor (see Manorialism). ... A grist mill is a place where grains are ground into flour. ... Distillation is a means of separating liquids through differences in their boiling points. ... Pitstone Windmill, believed to be the oldest windmill in the British Isles A windmill is an engine powered by the energy of wind. ...


Changing hands

Originally part of the Kingdom of Poland, this area roughly coincided with the Polish region known as Great Poland. This area became controlled by the Kingdom of Prussia during the Partitions of Poland. The first Partition (1772) took just the northern portion, north of the Noteć (German: Netze) river. The Second Partition added the remainder in 1793. Prussia lost control briefly during the Kościuszko Uprising (1794). Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Greater Poland (also Great Poland; Polish: Wielkopolska, German: Grosspolen, Latin: Polonia Maior) is one of the historical regions of Poland. ... Flag of Prussia (1894 - 1918) The Kingdom of Prussia existed from 1701 until 1918, and from 1871 was the leading kingdom of the German Empire, comprising in its last form almost two-thirds of the area of the Empire. ... The Partitions of Poland (Polish: Rozbiór Polski or Rozbiory Polski; Lithuanian: Padalijimas) took place in the 18th century and ended the existence of the sovereign Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... Catherine IIs soldiers in the Russo-Turkish War, by Alexandre Benois. ... 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The KoÅ›ciuszko Uprising took place in Poland in 1794. ... 1794 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


Initially, it was called "South Prussia". Prussia (and later Germany) retained control until the end of World War I, with the exception of the period of time when Napoleon changed the landscape of Europe (1806-1815). After the Prussian defeat, the Duchy of Warsaw, was created at the Treaty of Tilsit. Polish people were the main ally of Napoleon in Central Europe, participated in the Great Poland Uprising of 1806 and supplied troops for his campaigns. South Prussia (1793-1806) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia, created in Greater Poland after the second partition of Poland (1793). ... Combatants Allies: Serbia, Russia, France, Romania, Belgium, British Empire, United States, Italy, and others Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Ottoman Empire Casualties Military dead: 5 million Civilian deaths: 3 million Total of dead: 8 million Military dead: 4 million Civilian deaths: 3 million Total dead: 7 million The First... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Battle of New Orleans 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Location Official languages Polish Established church Roman Catholic Capital Warsaw Largest City Warsaw Head of state Duke of Warsaw Area about 155,000 km² Population about 4,3 million Existed 1806–1814 The Duchy of Warsaw (Polish: KsiÄ™stwo Warszawskie, Latin: Ducatus Varsoviae, French: Duche de Varsovie) was a Polish... The Treaties of Tilsit were two agreements signed by Napoleon I of France in the town of Tilsit in July, 1807. ... Regions of Europe Central Europe is the region lying between the variously and vaguely defined areas of Eastern and Western Europe. ... Soldiers of Greatpolish Army Greater Poland Uprising of 1918- 1919 (Polish: powstanie wielkopolskie 1918-19 roku) was a military insurrection of the Polish people in the Greater Poland region (also called the Grand Duchy of Poznań) against the German/Prussian forces. ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


After the fall of Napoleon in 1815 according to the Vienna peace congress, Great Poland returned to Prussia, and became the Grand Duchy of Posen (1815-1846), an autonomous province (in principle) under Hohenzollern rule with the rights of "free development of Polish nation, culture and language", and outside the German Confederation. At this time the city of Posen was the administrative center and the site of the "prince Antoni Henryk Radziwiłł of Posen". However, shortly after the outbreak of the November Uprising Prussia ceased pretending the state was autonomous, despite the Vienna peace congress arrangements and in 1846 the province was renamed as the Province of Posen and brought to the same standing as West Prussia, Silesia and the other provinces. With the unification of Germany, the province of Posen became part of the German Empire (1871-1918) and the city of Posen was officially named an imperial residence city. The Battle of New Orleans 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Congress of Vienna was a conference between ambassadors from the major powers in Europe that was chaired by the Austrian statesman Klemens Wenzel von Metternich and held in Vienna, Austria, from September 1, 1814, to June 9, 1815. ... Grand Duchy of Poznań (Polish: Wielkie Księstwo Poznańskie, German: Grossherzogtum Posen) was province of Prussia in the Polish lands commonly known as Great Poland between the years 1815-1849. ... The Battle of New Orleans 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The House of Hohenzollern is a German dynasty of electors, kings, and emperors of Prussia, Germany, and Romania. ... The German Confederation (German: Deutscher Bund) was a loose association of Central European states created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 to organize the surviving states of the Holy Roman Empire, which had been abolished in 1806. ... PoznaÅ„ (in Polish ; full official name: The Capital City of PoznaÅ„, Latin: Posnania, German: Posen, Yiddish: פּױזן Poyzn) is a city in west-central Poland with over 578,900 inhabitants (2002). ... Noble Family RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Coat of Arms TrÄ…by Parents MichaÅ‚ Hieronim RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Helena Przeździecka Consorts Louise von Hohenzollern Children with Louise von Hohenzollern Fryderyk Wilhelm RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Ferdynant Fryderyk RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Eliza Fryderyka RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ BogusÅ‚aw Fryderyk RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Augusta Wilhelmina RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Date of Birth June 13, 1775 Place of Birth Wilno... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Flag of the German Empire, 1871–1918: black-white-red ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ...


With the defeat of the German Empire at the end of World War I, most of the province returned to Poland as the Poznań Voivodship. (See also: Great Poland Uprising and Treaty of Versailles.) The part remaining in Germany formed Grenzmark Posen-Westpreussen with Schneidemühl (Piła) as its capital, until 1938, when it was divided between Silesia, Pomerania and Brandenburg. Finally, all the territory was given back to Poland only after the end of World War II. Combatants Allies: Serbia, Russia, France, Romania, Belgium, British Empire, United States, Italy, and others Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Ottoman Empire Casualties Military dead: 5 million Civilian deaths: 3 million Total of dead: 8 million Military dead: 4 million Civilian deaths: 3 million Total dead: 7 million The First... Map as of 1975 // PoznaÅ„ Voivodship (1) 1975-1998 PoznaÅ„ Voivodship 1975-1998 (Polish: województwo poznaÅ„skie) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in years 1975-1998, superseded by Greater Poland Voivodship. ... Soldiers of Greatpolish Army Greater Poland Uprising of 1918- 1919 (Polish: powstanie wielkopolskie 1918-19 roku) was a military insurrection of the Polish people in the Greater Poland region (also called the Grand Duchy of Poznań) against the German/Prussian forces. ... The Treaty of Versailles (1919) was the peace treaty which officially ended World War I between the Allied and Associated Powers and Germany. ... The Grenzmark Posen-Westpreussen were the lands of the former Germany/Prussian provinces of Posen and West Prussia, that remained in Germany after 1920 (end of World War I). ... PiÅ‚a (German Schneidemühl) is a town in northwestern Poland. ... 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Prussian Silesia, 1871, outlined in yellow; Silesia at the close of the Seven Years War in 1763, outlined in cyan (areas now in the Czech Republic were Austrian-ruled at that time) Silesia (Czech: ; German: ; Polish: ) is a historical region in central Europe. ... Historic Pomerania (outlined in yellow) on the background of modern country borders. ... Brandenburg (Lower Sorbian: Bramborska; Upper Sorbian: Braniborska) is one of Germanys sixteen Bundesländer (federal states) and lies in the east of the country. ... Combatants Allies: Poland, British Commonwealth, France/Free France, Soviet Union, United States, China, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, and others Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total dead: 50 million Military dead: 8 million Civilian dead: 4 million Total dead: 12 million World War II...


Ethnic conflict

The Prussian province of Posen. Yellow colour: polish-speaking areas

Due to the large number of resident Germans (first as settlers and then as occupiers) and the presence of powerful, warring nations on all sides and the internal strife between three major religious faiths, the area was often a battleground of ethnic conflicts. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1360x1485, 1114 KB) Description: Historical map of Provinz Posen 1905 Source: Bibliothek allgemeinen und praktischen Wissens für Militäranwärter Band I, 1905 / Deutsches Verlaghaus Bong & Co Berlin * Leipzig * Wien * Stuttgart Author: Scan made by Kogo License: Public Domain, because... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1360x1485, 1114 KB) Description: Historical map of Provinz Posen 1905 Source: Bibliothek allgemeinen und praktischen Wissens für Militäranwärter Band I, 1905 / Deutsches Verlaghaus Bong & Co Berlin * Leipzig * Wien * Stuttgart Author: Scan made by Kogo License: Public Domain, because... Settlers are people who have travelled of their own choice, from the land of their birth to live in new lands or colonies. ... Western Polish lands had some Germanic residents since medieval times, for the first several centuries by invitation. ...


During the first half of the 1800s, the German population grew due to state sponsored colonisation. In the second half, the Polish population grew gradually due to the Ostflucht and higher birth-rate. The clash peaked during the Kulturkampf, when many Catholics Germans in Posen joined with ethnic Poles in opposition to the Protestant Prussian government. Events and Trends Beginning of the Napoleonic Wars (1803 - 1815). ... Colonisation (or colonization) is the act where life forms move into a distant area where their kind is sparse or not yet existing at all and set up new settlements in the area. ... The Ostflucht (flight from the East) was a movement by residents of the historically eastern German regions, such as East Prussia, West Prussia, Silesia and Province of Posen beginning around 1850, to the more industrialized western German Rhine and Ruhr provinces. ... The German term Kulturkampf (literally, culture struggle, invented by Rudolf Virchow[1]) refers to German policies in relation to the influence of the Roman Catholic Church, enacted from 1871 to 1878 by the Chancellor of the German Empire, Otto von Bismarck. ...


Polish language was eventually banned from schools and government offices as part of the Germanisation policies. Polish (język polski, polszczyzna) is the official language of Poland. ...


In WW2, a portion of the German minority living in the territory of the former the province formed Selbstschutz units, which assisted in the Nazi assault on Poland and the subsequent atrocities against Poles and Jews. Selbstschutz (German: ) was a name used by a number of paramilitary organisations created out of ethnic Germans in Central Europe. ...


Statistics

Area: 28,970 km2

Population Posen District was the southern of two administrative districts (German: Regierungsbezirk, Polish:Rejencja, ) of the Province of Posen (1849-1918) by the Prussian administration and its predecessor the semi-autonomous Grand Duchy of Poznan (1815-1849). ... Bydgoszcz District (Polish: Rejencja Bydgoska, German Regirugnsbezirk Bromberg) was the northern of two administrative districts of the Grand Duchy of Poznan (1815-1918) later also called the Province of Poznań (1849-1918). ...

  • 1816: 820,176
  • 1868: 1,537,300 (Bromberg 550,900 - Posen 986,400)
  • 1871: 1,583,843
    • Religion: 1871
      • Catholics 1,009,885
      • Protestants 511,429
      • Jews 61,982
      • others 547
  • 1875: 1,606,084
  • 1880: 1,703,397
  • 1900: 1,887,275
  • 1905: 1,986,267
  • 1910: 2,099,831 (Bromberg 763,900 - Posen 1,335,900)

Bydgoszcz (Polish pronunciation: (?), German: Bromberg, Latin: Bydgostia) is a city in northern Poland, on the Brda and Vistula rivers, with a population of 369,151 (2004). ...

Divisions

Note: Prussian provinces were subdivided into units called "Kreise" (singular "Kreis", abbreviated "Kr.", English circle), which were similar to large counties in US terms. Cities would have their own "Stadtkreis" (English: municipal county) and the surrounding rural area would be named for the city, but referred to as a "Landkreis" (English: rural county). In the case of Posen, the Landkreis was split into two: Landkreis Posen West, and Landkreis Posen East.


Data is from Prussian censuses, during a period of state-sponsored germanization, and includes military garrissons. It is commonly criticized for being falsified.

Kreis ("County") Polish spelling 1905 Pop Polish speakers German speakers1 Jewish2 Origin
Posen district (southern)
City of Posen Poznań 55% 45%
Adelnau Odolanów 90% 10%
Birnbaum Miedzychód 51% 49%
Bomst Babimost 49% 51%
Fraustadt Wschowa 27% 73%
Gostyn Gostyn 87% 13% Kröben
Grätz Grodzisk 82% 18% Buk
Jarotschin Jarocin 83% 17% Pleschen
Kempen Kępno 84% 16% Schildberg
Koschmin Koźmin 83% 17% Krotoschin
Kosten Kościan 89% 11%
Krotoschin Krotoszyn 70% 30%
Lissa Leszno 36% 64% Fraustadt
Meseritz Międzyrzecz 20% 80%
Neutomischel Nowy Tomyśl 51% 49% Buk
Obornik Oborniki 61% 39%
Ostrowo Ostrów 80% 20% ?Adelnau?
Pleschen Pleszew 85% 15%
Posen Ost Poznań, Wsch. 72% 28% Posen
Posen West Poznań, Zach. 87% 13% Posen
Rawitsch Rawicz 55% 45% Kröben
Samter Szamotuły 73% 27%
Schildberg Ostrzeszów 90% 10%
Schmiegel Śmigiel 82% 18% Kosten
Schrimm Śrem 82% 18%
Schroda Środa 88% 12%
Schwerin Skwierzyna 5% 95% Birnbaum - 1877
Wreschen Września 84% 16%
Bromberg district (northern)
City of Bromberg Bydgoszcz 16% 84%
Bromberg Bydgoszcz 38% 62%
Czarnikau Czarników 27% 73%
Filehne Wieleń 28% 72% Czarnikau
Gnesen Gniezno 67% 33%
Hohensalza Inowrocław 64% 36%
Kolmar Chodzież 18% 82%
Mogilno Mogilno 76% 24%
Schubin Szubin 56% 44%
Strelno Strzelno 82% 18%  ??
Wirsitz Wyrzysk 47% 53%
Witkowo Witkowo 83% 17% ?Gnesen?
Wongrowitz Wągrowiec 77% 23%
Znin Żnin 77% 23%  ??

1 includes bilingual speakers
2 only religious Jews, without regard of their native language
Posen District was the southern of two administrative districts (German: Regierungsbezirk, Polish:Rejencja, ) of the Province of Posen (1849-1918) by the Prussian administration and its predecessor the semi-autonomous Grand Duchy of Poznan (1815-1849). ... The Poznan is also a breed of horse. ... One of several Kreise (English: counties) in the southern administrative district of Posen, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... One of several Kreise (English: counties) in the southern administrative district of Posen, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... One of several Kreise (English: counties) in the southern administrative district of Posen, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... One of several Kreise (English: counties) in the southern administrative district of Posen, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... Kreis Gostyn was one of several Kreise (counties) in the southern administrative district of Posen, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... Kreis Grätz is one of several Kreise (English: counties) in the southern administrative district of Posen, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... One of several Kreise (English: counties) in the southern administrative district of Posen, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... One of several Kreise (English: counties) in the southern administrative district of Posen, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... One of several Kreise (English: counties) in the southern administrative district of Posen, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... One of several Kreise (English: counties) in the southern administrative district of Posen, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... Krotoschin is one of several Kreise (English: counties) in the southern administrative district of Posen, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... Kreis Lissa was one of several Kreise (English: counties) in the southern administrative district of Posen, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... One of several Kreise (English: counties) in the southern administrative district of Posen, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... One of several Kreise (English: counties) in the southern administrative district of Posen, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... One of several Kreise (English: counties) in the southern administrative district of Posen, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... One of several Kreise (English: counties) in the southern administrative district of Posen, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... One of several Kreise (English: counties) in the southern administrative district of Posen, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... One of several Kreise (English: counties) in the southern administrative district of Posen, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... One of several Kreise (English: counties) in the southern administrative district of Posen, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... One of several Kreise (English: counties) in the southern administrative district of Posen, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... One of several Kreise (English: counties) in the southern administrative district of Posen, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... One of several Kreise (English: counties) in the southern administrative district of Posen, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... One of several Kreise (English: counties) in the southern administrative district of Posen, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... One of several Kreise (English: counties) in the southern administrative district of Posen, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... One of several Kreise (English: counties) in the southern administrative district of Posen, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... One of several Kreise (English: counties) in the southern administrative district of Posen, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... One of several Kreise (English: counties) in the southern administrative district of Posen, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... Bydgoszcz District (Polish: Rejencja Bydgoska, German Regirugnsbezirk Bromberg) was the northern of two administrative districts of the Grand Duchy of Poznan (1815-1918) later also called the Province of Poznań (1849-1918). ... Bydgoszcz (Polish pronunciation: (?), German: Bromberg, Latin: Bydgostia) is a city in northern Poland, on the Brda and Vistula rivers, with a population of 369,151 (2004). ... One of several Kreise (English: counties) in the northern administrative district of Bromberg, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... One of several Kreise (English: counties) in the northern administrative district of Bromberg, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... Kreis Filehne is one of several Kreise (English: counties) in the northern administrative district of Bromberg, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... Kreis Gnesen is one of several Kreise (English: counties) in the northern administrative district of Bromberg, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... One of several Kreise (English: counties) in the northern administrative district of Bromberg, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... Kreis Kolmar was one of several Kreise (English: counties) in the northern administrative district of Bromberg, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... One of several Kreise (English: counties) in the northern administrative district of Bromberg, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... One of several Kreise (English: counties) in the northern administrative district of Bromberg, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... One of several Kreise (English: counties) in the northern administrative district of Bromberg, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... One of several Kreise (English: counties) in the northern administrative district of Bromberg, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... One of several Kreise (English: counties) in the northern administrative district of Bromberg, in the Prussian province of Posen. ... One of several Kreise (English: counties) in the northern administrative district of Bromberg, in the Prussian province of Posen. ...


The Presidents (German: Oberpräsidenten) of Province of Posen

Time in Office Name
1815 - 1824 Joseph Zerboni de Sposetti 1760 - 1831
1825 - 1830 Johann Friedrich Theodor von Baumann 1768 - 1830
1830 - 1840 Eduard Heinrich Flottwell 1786 - 1865
1840 - 1842 Adolf Heinrich Graf von Arnim-Boitzenburg 1803 - 1868
1843 - 1850 Carl Moritz von Beurmann 1802 - 1870
1850 - 1851 Gustav Carl Gisbert Heinrich Wilhelm Gebhard von Bonin (1.time in office) 1797 - 1878
1851 - 1860 Eugen von Puttkamer 1800 - 1874
1860 - 1862 Gustav Carl Gisbert Heinrich Wilhelm Gebhard von Bonin (2.time in office) 1797 - 1878
1862 - 1869 Carl Wilhelm Heinrich Georg von Horn 1807 - 1889
1869 - 1873 Otto Graf von Königsmarck 1815 - 1889
1873 - 1886 William Barstow von Guenther 1815 - 1892
1886 - 1890 Robert Graf von Zedtlitz-Trützschler 1837 - 1914
1890 - 1899 Hugo Freiherr von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff 1840-1905
1899 - 1903 Karl Julius Rudolf von Bitter 1846 - 1914
1903 - 1911 Wilhelm August Hans von Waldow-Reitzenstein 1856 - 1937
1911 - 1914 Philipp Schwartzkopf ?
1914 - 1918 Joh. Karl Friedr. Moritz Ferd. v. Eisenhart-Rothe 1862-1942


 
Greater Poland
Coat of Arms of Greater Poland
Historical administrative divisions
Duchy of Greater Poland (12th-13th centuries) • Poznań Voivodship and Kalisz Voivodship (until 1768) • Poznań Voivodship, Kalisz Voivodship and Gniezno Voivodship (until 1793) • South Prussia (until 1806) • Poznan Department, Kalisz Department and Bydgoszcz Department (until 1815) • Grand Duchy of Poznań (until 1846) • Province of Posen (until 1918) • Poznań Voivodship (until 1939) • Reichsgau Posen (1939) • Reichsgau Wartheland (until 1945) • Poznań Voivodship (until 1975) • Poznań Voivodship, Kalisz Voivodship, Leszno Voivodship, Konin Voivodship and Piła Voivodship (until 1998) • Greater Poland Voivodship

Greater Poland (also Great Poland; Polish: Wielkopolska, German: Grosspolen, Latin: Polonia Maior) is one of the historical regions of Poland. ... Download high resolution version (703x815, 76 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... According to the statute, constitution or last will of the Polish duke Boleslaus III the Wrymouth Poland was divided into the 4-5 hereditary provinces distributed among his sons, and a royal province of Cracow for the eldest to be the high-duke of all Poland. ... Map as of 1975 Poznań Voivodship (1) 1975-1998 Poznań Voivodship 1975-1998 (Polish: województwo poznańskie) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in years 1975- 1998, superseded by Greater Poland Voivodship. ... Map as of 1975 Kalisz Voivodship (1) 1975-1998 ( Polish: województwo kaliskie) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in years 1975- 1998, superseded by Greater Poland Voivodship. ... Map as of 1975 Poznań Voivodship (1) 1975-1998 Poznań Voivodship 1975-1998 (Polish: województwo poznańskie) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in years 1975- 1998, superseded by Greater Poland Voivodship. ... Map as of 1975 Kalisz Voivodship (1) 1975-1998 ( Polish: województwo kaliskie) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in years 1975- 1998, superseded by Greater Poland Voivodship. ... Gniezno Voivodship (Polish: Województwo Gnieźnieńskie, Latin: Palatinatus Gnesnensis) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland for a short time from 1768 when it was cut from the Kalisz Voivodship to the partitions of Poland in 1772-1795. ... South Prussia (1793-1806) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia, created in Greater Poland after the second partition of Poland (1793). ... Poznań Department (Polish: Departament Poznański) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Polish Duchy of Warsaw in years 1806-1815. ... Kalisz Department (Polish: Departament Kaliski) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Polish Duchy of Warsaw in years 1806- 1815. ... Bydgoszcz Department (Polish: Departament bydgoski) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Polish Duchy of Warsaw in years 1806- 1815. ... Grand Duchy of Poznan coat of arms Grand Duchy of Poznań (Polish: Wielkie Księstwo Poznańskie, German: Grossherzogtum Posen) was province of Prussia in the Polish lands commonly known as Great Poland between the years 1815-1918. ... Map as of 1975 Poznań Voivodship (1) 1975-1998 Poznań Voivodship 1975-1998 (Polish: województwo poznańskie) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in years 1975- 1998, superseded by Greater Poland Voivodship. ... Reichsgau Posen was the name briefly given by the Nazis to the territory of Greater Poland which was occupied, annexed and directly incorporated into the German Reich after defeating the Polish army in 1939 (as opposed to the General Government, GG). ... Reichsgau Wartheland (initially Reichsgau Posen) was the name given by Nazis to the largest subdivision of the territory of Greater Poland which was directly incorporated into the German Reich after defeating the Polish army in 1939. ... Map as of 1975 Poznań Voivodship (1) 1975-1998 Poznań Voivodship 1975-1998 (Polish: województwo poznańskie) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in years 1975- 1998, superseded by Greater Poland Voivodship. ... Map as of 1975 Poznań Voivodship (1) 1975-1998 Poznań Voivodship 1975-1998 (Polish: województwo poznańskie) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in years 1975- 1998, superseded by Greater Poland Voivodship. ... Map as of 1975 Kalisz Voivodship (1) 1975-1998 ( Polish: województwo kaliskie) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in years 1975- 1998, superseded by Greater Poland Voivodship. ... Leszno Voivodship ( Polish: województwo leszczyńskie) - a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in years 1975- 1998, superseded by Greater Poland Voivodship. ... Konin Voivodship ( Polish: województwo konińskie) - a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in years 1975- 1998, superseded by Greater Poland Voivodship. ... Pila Voivodship ( Polish: Województwo pilske) was a voivodships (unit of administrative division and local government) in Poland from 1975 to 1998. ... Greater Poland Voivodship (in Polish województwo wielkopolskie) is an administrative region or voivodship of western-central Poland It was created on 1 January 1999 out of the former Poznan, Kalisz, Konin, Pila and Leszno voivodships as a result of Local Government Reorganization Act of 1998. ...

See also

Flag of Prussia (1894 - 1918) The Kingdom of Prussia existed from 1701 until 1918, and from 1871 was the leading kingdom of the German Empire, comprising in its last form almost two-thirds of the area of the Empire. ... The Poznan is also a breed of horse. ... Poznań plays an important role as one of Polands oldest cities, making it a significant historical center. ...

External links

  • Birchy.com wiki article
  • Administrative subdivision of the province (in 1910)
  • Genealogy research


Provinces of the Kingdom of Prussia
Brandenburg | East Prussia | Hanover | Hesse-Nassau | Hohenzollern | Pomerania | Posen |
Rhine Province | Saxony | Schleswig-Holstein | Silesia | West Prussia | Westphalia

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Province of Posen (Poznan) (631 words)
This region was the historical center of origin of the Polish Nation in the 10th century and has always been one of the richest and most developed provinces of Poland.
After 1815 this term was no longer used and the province was refered to with the name of its capital town, i.e.
Political and administrative status of the territory of the Province (incl.
Gnesen-Posen (2689 words)
On the death of Boleslaw, Posen was severed from Magdeburg in the course of the strife engendered by the national opposition to Germanism.
The church at Posen is the official cathedral of the diocese.
RZEPNICKI, Vitae praesulum Poloniae (2 vols., Posen, 1761--), and KOZLOWSKI, Zwoty prymasowi i arcybiskupow gnieznienskich i poznanskich w skroceniu (i.e., "Brief biographies of the primates and Archbishops of Gnesen and Posen", Posen, 1887).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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