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Encyclopedia > Province of Pennsylvania
Province of Pennsylvania
British colony
1681 – 1783
A map of the Province of Pennsylvania.
Capital Philadelphia
Language(s) English, Pennsylvania German
Government Constitutional monarchy
King
 - 1681-1685 Charles II
 - 1769-1776 George III
Royal Governor
 - 1681-1783 List of colonial governors of Pennsylvania
Legislature Pennsylvania
History
 - Land grant to William Penn March 4, 1681
 - Treaty of Paris (1783) September 3, 1783
Currency Pound sterling, Spanish dollar

The Province of Pennsylvania, better known to Americans as Pennsylvania Colony, was a North American colony granted to William Penn on March 4, 1681 by King Charles II of England. Pennsylvania got its name for William Penn's father and the Latin word: sylvania, meaning: "forest". The name itself means "Penn's Woods". An anachronous map of British (and prior to the existence of Britain, English) imperial possessions This is a list of the various overseas territories that have been under the political control of the United Kingdom and/or its predecessor states[1]. Collectively, these territories are traditionally referred to as the... Events March 4 - Charles II of England grants a land charter to William Penn for the area that will later become Pennsylvania. ... 1783 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Pennsylvania. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Image File history File links Penncolony. ... Throughout the world there are many cities that were once national capitals but no longer have that status because the country ceased to exist, the capital was moved, or the capital city was renamed. ... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Pennsylvania German, or more commonly Pennsylvania Dutch, (Deitsch, Pennsylvania Deutsch, Pennsilfaanisch-Deitsch, Pennsilfaani-Deitsch, Pennsilweni-Deitsch, Pennsilfaanisch), is a West Central German variety spoken by 150,000 to 250,000 people in North America. ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A constitutional monarchy or limited monarchy is a form of government established under a constitutional system which acknowledges an elected or hereditary monarch as head of state, as opposed to an absolute monarchy, where the monarch is not... Look up king in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was the King of England, Scotland, and Ireland. ... George III (George William Frederick) (4 June 1738–29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain, and King of Ireland from 25 October 1760 until 1 January 1801, and thereafter King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death. ... // The Proprietors of the Province of Pennsylvania and the Lower Counties (Delaware) The Lieutenant Governors of Colonial Pennsylvania and the Lower Counties, 1682-1776 List of Governors of Pennsylvania Miller, Randall M & William Pencak, Ed (2002). ... A legislatureis a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to ratify laws. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see William Penn (disambiguation). ... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Painting by Benjamin West depicting (from left to right) John Jay, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Henry Laurens, and William Temple Franklin. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... GBP redirects here. ... The Spanish dollar or peso (literally, weight) is a silver coin that was minted in the Spanish Empire after a Spanish currency reform in 1497. ... North American redirects here. ... For other uses, see William Penn (disambiguation). ... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 4 - Charles II of England grants a land charter to William Penn for the area that will later become Pennsylvania. ... Charles II King of England, Scotland and Ireland Charles II (29 May 1630–6 February 1685) was the King of England, Scotland and Ireland from 30 January 1649 (de jure) or 29 May 1660 (de facto) until his death. ...

Contents

Founding

William Penn received the colony as payment in lieu of a £16,000 debt that the Crown owed his father, naval hero Sir William Penn. Establishment of the colony also solved the problem of the growing Society of Friends or "Quaker" movement in England, which was causing much embarrassment to the established Church of England. While still in England, Penn wrote his First Frame of Government, which outlined the governmental structure for the colony and promised certain rights to its citizens. Admiral Sir William Penn, 1621–1670 by Sir Peter Lely, painted 1665–1666. ... The Religious Society of Friends, commonly known as Quakers, or Friends, is a religious community founded in England in the 17th century. ... The Church of England is the officially established Christian church[3] in England, the Mother Church of the worldwide Anglican Communion and the oldest among the communions thirty-eight independent national churches. ... Penns draft of the First Frame The Frame of Government of Pennsylvania was a constitution for the Pennsylvania Colony, a proprietary colony granted to William Penn by Charles II of England. ...


One of the Middle Colonies, Pennsylvania was a proprietary colony. Unlike other proprietary colonies, its taxes were enforced by the British Parliament. The colony was demarcated by the 42nd and 39th lines of latitude on the north and south and from the Delaware River in the east with an east-west width of 5 degrees of longitude[1]. It was bordered by the colonies of New York, Maryland (defined by the historic 1763 Mason-Dixon line geographical survey), and New Jersey. The three counties of the Delaware Colony, captured from the Dutch, were deeded to William Penn by the Duke of York in 1682, but regained a separate existence in 1704[2]. Middle Colonies were a part of the original Thirteen Colonies that would later become The United States of America. ... A proprietary colony is a colony in which the king gave land to one or more people called proprietors. ... For the Delaware River in Kansas, see Delaware River (Kansas). ... A map of the Province of New York. ... A map of the Province of Maryland. ... For the fictional character, see Mason Dixon (Rocky Balboa character). ... The Province of New Jersey was an English colony that existed within the boundaries of the current U.S. state of New Jersey prior to the American Revolution. ... Delaware Colony was an English colony in North America. ...


The first governor was William Markham, a relative of Penn. William Markham (1635—12 June 1704) served as deputy governor of the Province of Pennsylvania. ...


Religious Freedom and Prosperity

William Penn and his fellow Quakers heavily imprinted their religious values on the Pennsylvania government. Among the most radical belief was religious freedom for everyone, as well as fair dealings with Native Americans. This extreme tolerance led to significantly healthier relationships with the local Native tribes (the Lenape and Susquehanna, mainly) than most other colonies had. It also encouraged the rapid growth of Philadelphia into America's most important city, and of the Pennsylvania Dutch Country hinterlands, where German (or "Deutsch") religious and political refugees prospered on the fertile soil and spirit of cultural creativeness. Among the first groups were the Mennonites, who founded Germantown in 1683; the Northkill Amish Settlement, established in 1740, is identified as the first Amish settlement in the Americas. For the language, see Lenape language. ... The Susquehanna River is a river in the northeastern United States, approximately 410 mi (715 km) long. ... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... Pennsylvania Dutch Country refers to an area of southeastern Pennsylvania that has a high percentage of Amish, Mennonite and Fancy Dutch inhabitants and where the Pennsylvania German language was historically common. ... The Mennonites are a group of Christian Anabaptist denominations based on the teachings and tradition of Menno Simons. ... Germantown is the name of five places in the State of Pennsylvania and a neighborhood in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Germantown, Adams County, Pennsylvania Germantown, Cambria County, Pennsylvania Germantown, Columbia County, Pennsylvania Germantown, Franklin County, Pennsylvania Germantown, Pike County, Pennsylvania See also: Germantown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania This is a disambiguation page — a navigational... Northkill Amish Settlement was the first organized Amish settlement in America. ... This article is about Old Order Amish, but also refers to other Amish sects. ...

Benjamin West's painting (in 1771) of William Penn's 1682 treaty with the Lenape

In 1737, the Colony exchanged a great deal of its political goodwill with the Native Lenape for more land. The colonial administrators claimed that they had a deed dating to the 1680s in which the Lenape-Delaware had promised to sell a portion of land beginning between the junction of the Delaware River and Lehigh River (near present Wrightstown, Pennsylvania) "as far west as a man could walk in a day and a half." This purchase has become known as the Walking Purchase. Although the document was most likely a forgery, the Lenape did not realize that. Provincial Secretary James Logan set in motion a plan that would grab as much land as they could possibly get and hired the three fastest runners in the colony to run out the purchase on a trail which had been cleared by other members of the colony beforehand. The pace was so intense that only one runner actually completed the "walk," covering an astonishing 70 miles (113 km). This netted the Penns 1,200,000 acres (4,860 km²) of land in what is now northeastern Pennsylvania, an area roughly equivalent to the size of the state of Rhode Island in the purchase. The area of the purchase covers all or part of what are now Pike, Monroe, Carbon, Schuylkill, Northampton, Lehigh and Bucks counties. The Lenape tribe fought for the next 19 years to have the treaty annulled, but to no avail. The Lenape-Delaware were forced into the Shamokin and Wyoming Valleys, which were already overcrowded with other displaced tribes. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1150x800, 714 KB) Summary Permission Other versions Image:Benjamin West 003. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1150x800, 714 KB) Summary Permission Other versions Image:Benjamin West 003. ... Self Portrait of Benjamin West, ca. ... For the language, see Lenape language. ... For the language, see Lenape language. ... For the Delaware River in Kansas, see Delaware River (Kansas). ... The Lehigh River, a tributary of the Delaware River, is a 103 mile (166 km) long river located in eastern Pennsylvania, in the United States. ... The dark shaded area shows the land acquired in the Walking Purchase. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Pike County is a county located in the state of Pennsylvania. ... Monroe County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania, named for President James Monroe. ... Carbon County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... Schuylkill County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania on the Schuylkill River. ... Northampton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... Lehigh County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


1751 was an auspicious year for the colony. Pennsylvania Hospital, the first hospital in the British American colonies, and The Academy and College of Philadelphia, the predecessor to the private University of Pennsylvania, both opened. The Pennsylvania Hospital by William Strickland (1755) Pennsylvania Hospital is the first hospital in the United States. ... The Academy and College of Philiadelphia was the first American academy. ... This article is about the private Ivy League university in Philadelphia. ...


Despite Quaker opposition to slavery, by 1730 colonists had brought about 4,000 slaves into Pennsylvania. The Pennsylvania Gradual Abolition Act of 1780 was the first emancipation statute in the colonies which would become the United States. The census of 1790 showed that the number of African-Americans had increased to about 10,000, of whom about 6,300 had received their freedom.


The Rise of Revolutionary Sentiment

As the colony grew, however, colonists and British military forces came into conflict with Natives in the Western half of the state. With the debilitating French and Indian War just over and Pontiac's War beginning, the Royal Proclamation of 1763 banned colonization beyond the Appalachian Mountains. This proclamation affected Pennsylvanians and Virginians the most, as they had been racing towards the rich lands surrounding Fort Pitt. The fighting was both colonist against native and colonist against colonist: in 1774, Justice Arthur St. Clair ordered the arrest of the officer leading Virginia troops into confrontations with armed settlers loyal to Pennsylvania. Combatants France First Nations allies: Algonquin Lenape Wyandot Ojibwa Ottawa Shawnee Great Britain American Colonies Iroquois Confederacy Strength 3,900 regulars 7,900 militia 2,200 natives (1759) 50,000 regulars and militia (1759) Casualties 3,000 killed, wounded or captured 10,040 killed, wounded or captured The French and... Pontiacs Rebellion was a war launched in 1763 by Native Americans (Indians) who were dissatisfied with British rule in the Great Lakes region and the Ohio Country after the British victory in the French and Indian War. ... A portion of eastern North America; the 1763 Proclamation line is the border between the red and the pink areas. ... The Appalachian Mountains are a vast system of mountains in eastern North America. ... Fort Pitt refers to two forts: Fort Pitt, Pennsylvania, and Fort Pitt, Kent. ... Portrait of St. ...


Heightened revolutionary sentiment among Pennsylvanians, along with the pre-eminent position of Philadelphia, made that city the natural choice for meetings of the Continental Congress, the first coordinated act towards independence. The publication of the Pennsylvania Constitution of 1776 by locally-elected revolutionaries concluded the history of the Colony and began the history of the Commonwealth. The Continental Congress was the first national government of the United States. ... The Pennsylvania Constitution of 1776 has been described as the most democratic in America and was authored primarily by Timothy Matlock, Dr. Thomas Young, George Bryan, James Cannon, and Benjamin Franklin. ... For other uses, see Commonwealth (disambiguation). ...


Famous Colonial Pennsylvanians

  • Benjamin Franklin moved to Philadelphia at age 17 in 1723; during his later years he was Pennsylvania's most famous citizen. Among his accomplishments was founding in 1751 The Academy and College of Philadelphia, the predecessor to the private University of Pennsylvania.
  • Thomas McKean was born in New London, Pennsylvania. He was an officer in the Continental Army during the American Revolution, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, the second President of the U.S. Congress under the Articles of Confederation, Acting President of Delaware, and Chief Justice and Governor of Pennsylvania.
  • Gouverneur Morris, one of the leading minds of the American Revolution, lived in New York City during most of the colonial period, but moved to Philadelphia to work as a lawyer and merchant during the Revolution.
  • Robert Morris, moved to Philadelphia around 1749 at about age 14. He was known as the Financier of the Revolution, because of his role in securing financial assistance for the American Colonial side in the Revolutionary War. In 1921, Robert Morris University was founded and named after him.
  • Thomas Paine emigrated to Philadelphia in 1774 at Benjamin Franklin's urging. His tract, Common Sense, published in 1776, was arguably the most famous and influential argument for the Revolution. He was also the first to publicly champion the phrase "United States of America."
  • William Penn, the colony's founder
  • Arthur St. Clair moved to Ligonier Valley, Pennsylvania in 1764. He served as a judge in colonial Pennsylvania, a general in the Continental Army, and a President under the Articles of Confederation.
  • James Wilson moved to Philadelphia in 1765 and became a lawyer; he signed the Declaration of Independence and wrote or worked on many of the most difficult compromises in the U.S. Constitution, including the Three-Fifths Compromise, which defined slaves as three-fifths of a person for purposes of census-taking and therefore government appropriation

Benjamin Franklin (January 17 [O.S. January 6] 1706 – April 17, 1790) was one of the most well known Founding Fathers of the United States. ... The Academy and College of Philiadelphia was the first American academy. ... This article is about the private Ivy League university in Philadelphia. ... Thomas McKean Thomas McKean (March 19, 1734–June 24, 1817) was the second President of the United States in Congress assembled, from July 10, 1781, until November 4, 1781. ... New London Township is a township located in Chester County, Pennsylvania. ... Illustration depicting uniforms and weapons used during the 1779 to 1783 period of the American Revolution by showing four soldiers standing in an informal group General George Washington, was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army on June 15, 1775. ... The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, commonly known as the Articles of Confederation, was the first governing document, or constitution, of the United States of America. ... Gouverneur Morris Gouverneur Morris (January 31, 1752 – November 6, 1816) was an American statesman who represented Pennsylvania in the Constitutional Convention of 1787 and was an author of large sections of the Constitution of the United States. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Robert Morris Robert Morris, Jr. ... Robert Morris University is a private co-educational college founded in 1921. ... For other persons of the same name, see Thomas Paine (disambiguation). ... Common Sense redirects here. ... For other uses, see William Penn (disambiguation). ... Portrait of St. ... Illustration depicting uniforms and weapons used during the 1779 to 1783 period of the American Revolution by showing four soldiers standing in an informal group General George Washington, was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army on June 15, 1775. ... The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, commonly known as the Articles of Confederation, was the first governing document, or constitution, of the United States of America. ... For other persons named James Wilson, see James Wilson (disambiguation). ... A declaration of independence is an assertion of the independence of an aspiring state or states. ... The three-fifths compromise was a compromise between Southern and Northern states reached during the Philadelphia Convention of 1787 in which three-fifths of the population of slaves would be counted for enumeration purposes regarding both the distribution of taxes and the apportionment of the members of the United States...

References

See also

The History of Pennsylvania is as varied as any in the American experience and reflects the melting pot vision of the United States. ... A restoration colony was one of a number of land grants in North America given by King Charles II of England in the latter half of the 17th century, ostensibly as a reward to his supporters in the Stuart Restoration. ... The dark shaded area shows the land acquired in the Walking Purchase. ... // The Proprietors of the Province of Pennsylvania and the Lower Counties (Delaware) The Lieutenant Governors of Colonial Pennsylvania and the Lower Counties, 1682-1776 List of Governors of Pennsylvania Miller, Randall M & William Pencak, Ed (2002). ...

External links

In 1775, the British claimed authority over the red and pink areas on this map and Spain ruled the orange. ... This article is about the colonial history of the United States. ... A map of the Connecticut, New Haven, and Saybrook colonies. ... Delaware Colony was an English colony in North America. ... Savannah, Georgia colony, Early 1700s The Province of Georgia (also Georgia Colony) was one of the Southern colonies in British North America. ... A map of the Province of Maryland. ... A map of the Province of Massachusetts Bay. ... A map of the Province of New Hampshire. ... A map of the Province of New York. ... The Province of New Jersey was an English colony that existed within the boundaries of the current U.S. state of New Jersey prior to the American Revolution. ... A map of the Province of Carolina. ... Providence Plantation was founded in 1636 by Roger Williams, a Baptist minister fleeing from religious persecution in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. ... A map of the Province of Carolina. ... A map of the Colony of Virginia. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Province of Pennsylvania - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1178 words)
Thhe (Hey Sarah and Betty) Province of Pennsylvania, better known to Americans as Pennsylvania Colony, was a North American colony granted to William Penn in 1681 by King Charles II of England.
Pennsylvania Hospital, the first hospital in the British American colonies, and The Academy and College of Philadelphia, the predecessor to the private University of Pennsylvania, both opened.
The publication of the Pennsylvania Constitution of 1776 by locally-elected revolutionaries concluded the history of the Colony and began the history of the Commonwealth.
History of Pennsylvania - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1898 words)
The Province of Pennsylvania was never merged with the Lower Counties because the Duke of York, and therefore Penn, never had a clear title to it.
Pennsylvania was the target of several raids by the Confederate States Army, including cavalry raids in 1862 and 1863 by J.E.B. Stuart, in 1863 by John Imboden, and in 1864 by John McCausland in which his troopers burned the city of Chambersburg.
Pennsylvania was hard-hit by the decline of the steel industry and other heavy U.S. industries during the late 20th century.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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