FACTOID # 24: Looking for table makers? Head to Mississippi, with an overwhlemingly large number of employees in furniture manufacturing.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Province of Canada
United Province of Canada
British colony


1841 – 1867

An anachronous map of British (and prior to the existence of Britain, English) imperial possessions This is a list of the various overseas territories that have been under the political control of the United Kingdom and/or its predecessor states[1]. Collectively, these territories are traditionally referred to as the... Flag Map of Upper Canada (orange) Capital Newark 1792 - 1797 York 1797 - 1841 Language(s) English Religion Anglican Government Constitutional monarchy Sovereign  - 1791-1820 George III  - 1837-1841 Victoria Lieutenant-Governor See list of Lieutenant-Governors Legislature Parliament of Upper Canada  - Upper house Legislative Council  - Lower house Legislative Assembly Historical... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Map of Lower Canada (green) Lower Canada was a British colony on the lower Saint Lawrence River and the shores of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence (1791-1841). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Canadian_Red_Ensign. ... Motto (Latin for From Sea to Sea) Anthem O Canada Royal anthem: God Save the Queen Capital Ottawa Largest city Toronto Official languages English, French Government Parliamentary democracy and federal constitutional monarchy  -  Monarch Queen Elizabeth II  -  Governor General Michaëlle Jean  -  Prime Minister Stephen Harper Establishment  -  Act of Union February... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ...


Flag The National Flag of Canada, popularly known as the Maple Leaf and lUnifolié (French for the one-leaved), is a base red flag with a white square in its centre featuring a stylized, 11-pointed, red maple leaf. ...

Map of the United Canada showing the two constituent parts. Canada West in orange and Canada East in green
Capital Kingston 1841 - 1843
Montreal 1843 - 1849
Toronto 1849 - 1852
Quebec 1852 - 1856
Toronto 1856 - 1858
Quebec 1859 - 1866
Ottawa 1866 - 1867
Language(s) English, French
Government Constitutional monarchy
Queen Victoria
Governor General See list of Governors General
Premier See list of Premiers
Legislature Parliament of Canada
 - Upper house Legislative Council
 - Lower house Legislative Assembly
Historical era British Era
 - Act of Union February 10, 1841
 - BNA Act July 1, 1867
Population
 - 1860-61 est. 2,507,657 
Currency Canadian dollar (fixed to US dollar)

The Province of Canada or the United Province of Canada was a British colony in North America from 1841 to 1867. Its formation reflected recommendations made by John Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham after the Rebellions of 1837, the united province was designed to prevent future unrest.[citation needed] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 521 pixel Image in higher resolution (1688 × 1099 pixel, file size: 73 KB, MIME type: image/png) Map of Upper and Lower Canada, or known as The Canadas. ... Canada West was the western portion of the former Province of Canada from 1841 to 1867. ... Bold textBold textBold textBold textItalic textItalic textndigbvsikdbkgbsdxchcgsidgfvkdskgvbsdlkioktgirbeirnbijuiogppsfgbsikgbvhregiyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyygfhdjbdhdc bvcbfghjfh ... Throughout the world there are many cities that were once national capitals but no longer have that status because the country ceased to exist, the capital was moved, or the capital city was renamed. ... Murney Tower, Kingston The Fort Henry Guard performing an historical demonstration The Prince George Hotel. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (in unity, prosperity) Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Quebec Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... Motto: Don de Dieu feray valoir (I shall put Gods gift to good use) Site in the province of Quebec Coordinates: , Country  Canada Province  Quebec Agglomeration Quebec City Statute of the city Capitale-Nationale Administrative Region Capitale-Nationale Founded 1608 by Samuel de Champlain Constitution date 1833 Government  - Mayor... Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Capital Quebec City Largest city Montreal Official languages French Government - Lieutenant-Governor Lise Thibault - Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 75 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area Ranked 2nd - Total 1,542,056 km² - Water... Motto: Advance Ottawa/Ottawa en avant Location of the City of Ottawa in the Province of Ontario Coordinates: Country Canada Province Ontario Established 1850 as Town of Bytown Incorporated 1855 as City of Ottawa Amalgamated January 1, 2001 Government  - Mayor Larry OBrien  - City Council Ottawa City Council  - Representatives 8... Canadian English (CaE) is a variety of English used in Canada. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... This is a list of British monarchs, that is, the monarchs on the thrones of some of the various kingdoms that have existed on, or incorporated, the island of Great Britain, namely: England (united with Wales from 1536) up to 1707; Scotland up to 1707; The Kingdom of Great Britain... Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837, and the first Empress of India from 1 May 1876, until her death on 22 January 1901. ... A Governor-General (in Canada always, and frequently in Pakistan/India prior to the abolition of the last monarchy, Governor General) is most generally a governor of high rank, or a principal governor ranking above ordinary governors [1]. The most common contemporary usage of the term is to refer to... The Governor General of the Province of Canada was the vice-regal post of pre-Confederation Canada. ... Joint Premiers of the Province of Canada were the leaders of the Province of Canada, from the 1841 unification of Upper Canada and Lower Canada until Confederation in 1867. ... Joint Premiers of the Province of Canada were the leaders of the Province of Canada, from the 1841 unification of Upper Canada and Lower Canada until Confederation in 1867. ... A legislature is a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to adopt laws. ... The Parliament of Canada (French: Parlement du Canada) is Canadas legislative branch, seated at Parliament Hill in Ottawa, Ontario. ... The Legislative Council of the Province of Canada was the upper house for the Province of Canada, which consisted of the former provinces of Lower Canada, then known as Canada East and later the province of Quebec, and Upper Canada, then known as Canada West and later the province of... The Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada was the legislature for the Province of Canada, which consisted of the former provinces of Lower Canada, then known as Canada East and later the province of Quebec, and Upper Canada, then known as Canada West and later the province of Ontario. ... // Main article: Province of Quebec (1763-1791) In North America, Seven Years War officially ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris on February 10, 1763. ... The Act of Union (3 & 4 Vict. ... February 10 is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The British North America Act of 1867 was the act that established the Dominion of Canada, by the fusion of the North American British colonies of the Province of Canada, Province of New Brunswick, Province of Nova Scotia. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Loonie. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... British North America was an informal term first used in 1783, but uncommon before the Report on the Affairs of British North America (1839), called the Durham Report. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... John George Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham (also known as Radical Jack) GCB PC (London 12 April 1792 – 28 July 1840 Cowes), was a British Whig statesman and colonial administrator, Governor General and high commissioner of British North America. ... The Rebellions of 1837 were a pair of Canadian armed uprisings that occurred in 1837 and 1838 in response to frustrations in political reform and ethnic conflict. ...

Contents

History

Before 1841, the territory roughly corresponding to Southern Ontario in Canada belonged to the British colony of Upper Canada, while the southern portion of Québec and the Labrador region of Newfoundland and Labrador belonged to the colony of Lower Canada. One of the cultural differences between Upper and Lower Canada was that the first was primarily anglophone, whereas the latter was francophone. The Act of Union (1840), passed July 23, 1840 by the British parliament and proclaimed by the Crown on February 10, 1841, merged the two colonies by abolishing the legislatures of Upper and Lower Canada and replacing them with a single legislative assembly. Southern Ontario is the portion of the Canadian province of Ontario which lies south of the French River and Algonquin Park. ... Flag Map of Upper Canada (orange) Capital Newark 1792 - 1797 York 1797 - 1841 Language(s) English Religion Anglican Government Constitutional monarchy Sovereign  - 1791-1820 George III  - 1837-1841 Victoria Lieutenant-Governor See list of Lieutenant-Governors Legislature Parliament of Upper Canada  - Upper house Legislative Council  - Lower house Legislative Assembly Historical... During the 1960s, a terrorist group known as the Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) launched a decade of bombings, robberies and attacks on government offices. ... Motto: Quaerite Prime Regnum Dei (Latin: Seek ye first the kingdom of God) Capital St. ... Map of Lower Canada (green) Lower Canada was a British colony on the lower Saint Lawrence River and the shores of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence (1791-1841). ... The Act of Union passed in July 1840 and proclaimed February 10, 1841, abolished the legislatures of Lower Canada and Upper Canada and established a new political entity the Province of Canada to replace them. ... July 23 is the 204th day (205th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 161 days remaining. ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... February 10 is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada was the legislature for the Province of Canada, which consisted of the former provinces of Lower Canada, then known as Canada East and later the province of Quebec, and Upper Canada, then known as Canada West and later the province of Ontario. ...


While this new legislature maintained equal representation for both of the former colonies, the democratic nature of Lower Canada's elections were fundamentally flawed. Despite the francophone majority in Lower Canada, most of the power was concentrated on the anglophone minority, who exploited the lack of a secret ballot to intimidate the electorate.


The area that had previously comprised Upper Canada was unofficially designated Canada West, while the area that had comprised Lower Canada was unofficially designated Canada East. After the British North America Act was passed by British Parliament, the province of Canada ceased to exist. Subsequently, the Upper and Lower Canada were renamed Ontario and Quebec respectively. Canada West was the western portion of the former Province of Canada from 1841 to 1867. ... Bold textBold textBold textBold textItalic textItalic textndigbvsikdbkgbsdxchcgsidgfvkdskgvbsdlkioktgirbeirnbijuiogppsfgbsikgbvhregiyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyygfhdjbdhdc bvcbfghjfh ...


Capitals

The location of the capital city of the Province of Canada changed six times in its 26-year history. Notably, the capital moved from Montreal to Toronto in 1849 when rioters protesting the Rebellion Losses Bill burned down Montreal's parliament buildings. In 1857, Queen Victoria chose Ottawa as the permanent capital of the Province of Canada, initiating construction of Canada's current parliament buildings. The first stage of this construction was completed in 1865, just in time to host the final session of the last parliament of the Province of Canada before Confederation. Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (in unity, prosperity) Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Quebec Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... Rebellion Losses Bill - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837, and the first Empress of India from 1 May 1876, until her death on 22 January 1901. ... Centre Block, Parliament Hill, Ottawa, Canada Parliament Hill, (French Colline du Parlement), -The Hill for locals- is a scenic location on the banks of the Ottawa River in downtown Ottawa, Canada. ... The 8th Parliament of the Province of Canada was in session from 1863 to July 1866. ...


Chronology

Murney Tower, Kingston The Fort Henry Guard performing an historical demonstration The Prince George Hotel. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (in unity, prosperity) Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Quebec Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... Motto: Don de Dieu feray valoir (I shall put Gods gift to good use) Site in the province of Quebec Coordinates: , Country  Canada Province  Quebec Agglomeration Quebec City Statute of the city Capitale-Nationale Administrative Region Capitale-Nationale Founded 1608 by Samuel de Champlain Constitution date 1833 Government  - Mayor... Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Capital Quebec City Largest city Montreal Official languages French Government - Lieutenant-Governor Lise Thibault - Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 75 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area Ranked 2nd - Total 1,542,056 km² - Water... Motto: Advance Ottawa/Ottawa en avant Location of the City of Ottawa in the Province of Ontario Coordinates: Country Canada Province Ontario Established 1850 as Town of Bytown Incorporated 1855 as City of Ottawa Amalgamated January 1, 2001 Government  - Mayor Larry OBrien  - City Council Ottawa City Council  - Representatives 8...

Responsible Government

The Act of Union (1840) made no provision for responsible government (i.e. government responsible to the elected legislature instead of the colonial office); in fact, it explicitly gave the governor of the province the authority to reject any bill passed by the elected assembly. Early governor generals of the province were closely involved in political affairs, maintaining a right to make Executive Council and other appointments without the input of the legislative assembly, and even manipulating election results using intimidating mobs at polling stations. At this time, secret ballot had not been introduced, so the democratic nature of this colony was fundamentally flawed. Responsible government is a system of government that embodies the principle of parliamentary accountability which is the foundation of the Westminster system of parliamentary democracy. ... The Executive Council of Ontario (informally and more commonly, the Cabinet of Ontario) is the cabinet of the Canadian province of Ontario. ...


However, in 1848 Governor General James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin, appointed a cabinet nominated by the majority party of the Legislative Assembly, the Baldwin-Lafontaine coalition that had won elections in January. Lord Elgin upheld the principles of responsible government by not repealing the Rebellion Losses Bill, which was highly unpopular with some English-speaking Tories who favoured imperial over majority rule. The Earl of Elgin and Kincardine James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin and 12th Earl of Kincardine (20 July 1811 – 20 November 1863) was a British colonial administrator and diplomat, best known as Governor General of the Province of Canada and Viceroy of India. ... Robert Baldwin (12 May 1804 – 9 December 1858), Canadian statesman, was born at York (now Toronto). ... Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine. ... Rebellion Losses Bill - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The term Tory derives from the Tory Party, the ancestor of the modern UK Conservative Party. ...


Legislative deadlock

As Canada East and Canada West each held 42 seats in the Legislative Assembly, there was legislative deadlock between English, mainly from Canada West, and French, mainly from Canada East. Initially, the majority of the province was French, and demanded "rep-by-pop" (representation by population), which the anglophones opposed. The Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada was the legislature for the Province of Canada, which consisted of the former provinces of Lower Canada, then known as Canada East and later the province of Quebec, and Upper Canada, then known as Canada West and later the province of Ontario. ... In politics, representation describes how residents of a country are empowered in the government. ...


Once the English population, rapidly growing due to immigration, exceeded the French, the English demanded rep-by-pop. In the end, the legislative deadlock between English and French led to a movement for a federal union which resulted in the broader Canadian Confederation in 1867. We dont have an article called Canadian-confederation Start this article Search for Canadian-confederation in. ... Cunt BAg Twat Fuk suck my penis ring 0778851865!!!!!!Year 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Accomplishments

Amongst its accomplishments, the Province of Canada negotiated the Reciprocity Treaty of 1854 with the United States, built the Grand Trunk Railway, improved the educational system in Canada West under Egerton Ryerson, reinstated French as an official language of the legislature and the courts, codified the Civil Code of Lower Canada in 1866, and abolished the seigneurial system in Canada East. The Canadian American Reciprocity Treaty, also known as the Elgin-Marcy Treaty, was a trade treaty between the colonies of British North America and the United States. ... 1885 map The Grand Trunk Railway (GTR) was a historic railway system which operated in the Canadian provinces of Quebec and Ontario, as well as the American states of Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont. ... Adolphus Egerton Ryerson (24 March 1803 – 19 February 1882) was a minister, educator, politician, and public education advocate in early Ontario, Canada. ... The Civil Code of Québec (Code civil du Québec) is the civil code in force in the province of Quebec, Canada. ... The seigneurial system of New France was the semi-feudal system of land distribution used in the colonies of New France. ...


Longstanding municipal reform was another important achievement. Originally, local government in Canada West operated mainly at the district level, until 1849, when a system based on counties was introduced. In 1841, elected district councils were introduced; prior to that time, district officials were appointed by the lieutenant-governor. Local government areas called districts are used, or have been used, in several countries. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ...


Population

Year Population (Lower) Canada East Population (Upper) Canada West
1841 n/a 455,688
1844 697,084 n/a
1848 765,797-786,693 estimates 725,879
1851-52 890,261 952,004
1860-61 1,111,566 1,396,091
  • Source: Statistics Canada website Censuses of Canada 1665 to 1871.

See also

Political history

Political struture // Main article: Province of Quebec (1763-1791) In North America, Seven Years War officially ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris on February 10, 1763. ... The Province of Canada was the union of Canada West (formerly Upper Canada and later Ontario) and Canada East (formerly Lower Canada and later Quebec). ... The following is a list of the Governors and Governor General of Canada and the previous territories and colonies that now make up the country. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Encyclopedia: Province of Canada (1646 words)
Canada East (French: Canada-Est) was the eastern portion of the Province of Canada.
Canada West was the western portion of the Province of Canada.
The Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada was the legislature for the Province of Canada, which consisted of the former provinces of Lower Canada, then known as Canada East and later the province of Quebec, and Upper Canada, then known as Canada West and later the province of Ontario.
Provinces and territories of Canada - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (947 words)
Canada is a federation of ten provinces which, together with three territories, comprise the world's second largest country.
In most provinces, the single house of the legislature is known as the Legislative Assembly except in Nova Scotia and Newfoundland and Labrador, where it is called the House of Assembly, and Quebec where it is called the National Assembly.
They include all of mainland Canada north of latitude 60° north and west of Hudson Bay, as well as essentially all islands north of the Canadian mainland (from those in James Bay to the Arctic Archipelago) that are not politically part of Greenland.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m