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Encyclopedia > Province

A province is a territorial unit, almost always a country subdivision. Country subdivision can be any type of subdividing the territory of a country. ...

Contents

Roman provinces

The word is attested in English since c.1330, deriving from Old French province (13th c.), which comes from the Roman word provincia, also meaning province.


A possible origin in Latin is from pro- ("on behalf of") and vincere ("to triumph/take control over"). Thus a province is a territory or function that a Roman magistrate took control of on behalf of his government. However this does not tally with the even earlier Latin usage as a generic term for a jurisdiction under Roman law. Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ...


The Roman Empire was divided into provinces (provinciae). Map of the Roman Empire, with the provinces, after 120. ...


Provinces in modern countries

In many countries, a province is a relatively small non-constituent level of sub-national government (similar to a county in many English-speaking countries). In others it is an autonomous level of government and constituent part of a federation or confederation, often with a large area (similar to a US state).


For instance, a province is a local unit of government in Belgium, Spain and Italy, and a large constituent autonomous area in Canada, Congo and Argentina. In Italy a province is an administrative sub-division of a region, which is an administrative sub-division of state. It consists of several administrative sub-divisions called comune. Look up Region in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A state is a set of institutions that possess the authority to make the rules that govern the people in one or more societies, having internal and external sovereignty over a definite territory. ... In Italy, the comune, (plural comuni) is the basic administrative unit of both provinces and regions, and may be properly approximated in casual speech by the English word township or municipality. ...


The "Province of Northern Ireland" is the only British territory called "province" today. In this case, the title province suggests separateness along the lines of Canadian usage. The title "province" above all reflects Northern Ireland's unique autonomy within the UK immediately after its foundation in 1921, but today Northern Ireland varies between a devolved government and direct rule. Northern Ireland is effectively a constituent nation of the United Kingdom. Motto:  (Latin for Who will separate us?)[1] Anthem: UK: God Save the Queen Regional: (de facto) Londonderry Air Capital Belfast Largest city Belfast Official language(s) English (de facto), Ulster Scots, Irish3, Northern Ireland Sign Language, Irish Sign Language Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister of...


Various overseas parts of the British Empire had the colonial title of Province (in a more Roman sense), such as the Province of Canada and the Province of South Australia (the latter to distinguish it from the penal 'colonies' elsewhere in Australia). Equally, for instance, Mozambique was a "province" as a Portuguese colony. The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ... Note: for information about Canadas present-day provinces, see Provinces and territories of Canada. ... Emblems: Hairy Nosed Wombat (faunal); Leafy Seadragon (marine); Piping Shrike (bird: unofficial); Sturts Desert Pea (floral); Opal (gemstone) Motto: United for the Common Wealth Slogan or Nickname: Festival State Other Australian states and territories Capital Adelaide Government Const. ...


Historical and cultural aspects

In France, the expression en province still tends to mean "outside of the region of Paris". (The same expression is used in Peru, where en provincias means "outside of the city of Lima".) Prior to the French Revolution, France consisted of various governments (such as Ile-de-France, built around the early Capetian royal demesne) some of which were considered as provinces, although the term would be used colloquially to describes lands as small as a manor (châtellenie). Mostly, the Grands Gouvernements, generally former medieval feudal principalities (or agglomerates of such), were the most commonly referred to as provinces. Today, the expression is sometimes replaced with en région, as that term is now officially used for the secondary level of government. City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... Nickname: City of the Kings Location within Lima Province Coordinates: Department Lima Province Lima Province Settled 1535  - Mayor Luis Castaneda Lossio Area    - City 804. ... i heart kate young The French Revolution was a period of major political and social change in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to... The direct Capetian Dynasty followed the Carolingian rulers of France from 987 to 1328. ...


In historical terms, Fernand Braudel has depicted the European provinces—built up of numerous small regions called by the French pays or by the Swiss cantons, each with a local cultural identity and focused upon a market town—as the political unit of optimum size in pre-industrial Early Modern Europe and asks, "was the province not its inhabitants' true 'fatherland'?" (The Perspective of the World 1984, p. 284) Even centrally organized France, an early nation-state, could collapse into autonomous provincial worlds under pressure, such as the sustained crisis of the Wars of Religion, 1562—1598. Fernand Braudel Fernand Braudel (August 24, 1902–November 27, 1985) was a French historian. ... The twenty-six cantons of Switzerland are the states of the federal state of Switzerland. ... Fatherland is the nation of ones fathers or forefathers. ... The term nation-state, while often used interchangeably with the terms unitary state and independent state, refers properly to the parallel occurence of a state and a nation. ... The French Wars of Religion were a series of conflicts fought between the Catholic League and the Huguenots from the middle of the sixteenth century to the Edict of Nantes in 1598. ...


For 19th and 20th-century historians, "centralized government" had been taken as a symptom of modernity and political maturity in the rise of Europe. Then, in the late 20th century, as a European Union drew the nation-states closer together, centripetal forces seemed to be moving towards a more flexible system composed of more localized, provincial governing entities under the European umbrella. Spain after Franco is a State of Autonomies, formally unitary, but in fact functioning as a federation of Autonomous Communities, each one with different powers. (see Politics of Spain). While Serbia, the rump of the former Yugoslavia, fought the separatists in the province of Kosovo, at the same time the UK, under the political principle of "devolution" established local parliaments in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland (1998). Strong local nationalisms surfaced or developed in Cornwall, Languedoc, Catalonia, Lombardy, Corsica and Flanders, and east of Europe in Abkhasia, Chechnya and Kurdistan. The term nation-state, while often used interchangeably with the terms unitary state and independent state, refers properly to the parallel occurence of a state and a nation. ... Autonomous communities of Spain. ... Politics of Spain takes place in a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic monarchy, whereby the President of the Government is the head of government and of a pluriform multi-party system. ... Anthem: Capital (and largest city)  Belgrade Official languages Serbian written with the Cyrillic alphabet1 Government Republic  - President Boris Tadić  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment    - Formation 8th century   - Independence c. ... Kosovo (Serbian: Косово и Метохија or Kosovo i Metohija, also Космет or Kosmet; Albanian: Kosovë or Kosova) is a province in southern Serbia which has been under United Nations administration since 1999. ... Devolution or home rule is the statutory granting of powers from the central government of a state to government at national, regional or local level. ... Cornwall (Cornish: Kernow) is a county in South West England, United Kingdom, on the peninsula that lies to the west of the River Tamar. ... Coat of arms of the province of Languedoc, now being used as an official flag by the Midi-Pyrénees region as well as by the city of Toulouse Languedoc (Lengadòc in Occitan) is a former province of France, now continued in the modern-day régions of Languedoc... Anthem: Els Segadors Capital Barcelona Official language(s) Catalan, Spanish and, in Aran Valley, Aranese Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 6th  32,114 km²  6. ... Lombardy (Italian: Lombardia, Lombard: Lumbardia) is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ... (Territorial collectivity flag) (Territorial collectivity logo) Location Administration Capital Ajaccio President of the Executive Council Ange Santini (UMP) (since 2004) Departments Corse-du-Sud Haute-Corse Arrondissements 5 Cantons 52 Communes 360 Statistics Land area1 8,680 km² Population (Ranked 25th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Flanders (Dutch: ) has several main meanings: the social, cultural and linguistical, scientific and educational, economical and political community of the Flemings; some prefer to call this the Flemish community (others refer to this as the Flemish nation) which is, with over 6 million inhabitants, the majority of all Belgians; a... Official languages Abkhaz, Russian Political status Autonomous republic Capital Sukhumi Capitals coordinates 43°01N, 41°02E President¹ Sergei Bagapsh Prime Minister¹ Nodar Khashba ¹ Separatist government Chairman of the Supreme Council² Temur Mzhavia Chairman of Cabinet of Ministers² Irakli Alasania ² Pro-Georgian Government in exile Independence  – Declared... Capital Grozny Area - total - % water Ranked 78th - 15,300 km² - negligible Population - Total - Density Ranked 49th - est. ... Kurdistan (literally meaning the land of Kurds[1]; old: Koordistan, Curdistan, Kurdia, also in Kurdish: Kurdewarî) is the name of a geographic and cultural region in the Middle East, inhabited predominantly by the Kurds. ...


Geology

In geology the term province refers to a specific physiogeographic area composed of a grouping of like bathymetric or former bathymetric elements (now sedimentary strata above water) whose features are in obvious contrast to the surrounding regions, or other provinces. The term usually refers to sections or regions of a craton recognized within a given time-stratigraphy, i.e., recognized within a major division of time within a period. The seafloor topography near the Puerto Rico Trench Bathymetry is the underwater equivalent to topography. ... The seafloor topography near the Puerto Rico Trench Bathymetry is the underwater equivalent to topography. ... Two types of sedimentary rock: limey shale overlaid by limestone. ... Stratigraphy, a branch of geology, is basically the study of rock layers and layering (stratification). ...


Legal aspects

In many federations and confederations, the province or state is not clearly subordinate to the national or "central" government. Rather, it is considered to be sovereign in regard to its particular set of constitutional functions. The central and provincial governmental functions, or areas of jurisdiction, are identified in a constitution. Those that are not specifically identified in the constitution are called "residual powers". These residual powers lie at the provincial (or state) level in a decentralised federal system (such as the United States and Australia) whereas in a centralised federal system they are retained at the federal level (as in Canada). Nevertheless, some of the enumerated powers can also be very significant. For example, Canadian provinces are sovereign in regard to such important matters as law and order, property, civil rights, education, social welfare, medical services and even taxation. A map displaying todays federations. ... A confederation is an association of sovereign states or communities, usually created by treaty but often later adopting a common constitution. ... Map of Canada As shown by the map to the left, the North American nation of Canada is a federation which consists of ten provinces that, together with three territories, make up the worlds second largest country in total area. ...


The evolution of federations has created an inevitable tug-of-war between concepts of federal supremacy versus "states' rights". The historic division of responsibility in federal constitutions is inevitably subject to multiple overlaps. For example, when central governments, responsible for "foreign affairs", enter into international agreements in areas where the state or province is sovereign, such as the environment or health standards, agreements made at the national level can create jurisdictional overlap and conflicting laws. This overlap creates the potential for internal disputes that lead to constitutional amendments and judicial decisions that significantly change the balance of powers.


Current provinces

Not all "second-level" political entities are termed provinces. In Arab countries the secondary level of government, called a muhfazah, is usually translated as a governorate. This term is also used for the historic Russian guberniyas, (compare to modern-day oblast). In Poland, the equivalent of province is województwo, often translated as voivodeship. For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ... A governorate is a country subdivision. ... Oblast (Czech: oblast, Slovak: oblasÅ¥, Russian and Ukrainian: , Belarusian: , Bulgarian: о́бласт) refers to a subnational entity in some countries. ... A Voivodship (also voivodeship, Romanian: Voievodat, Polish: Województwo, Serbian: Vojvodstvo or Vojvodina) was a feudal state in medieval Romania, Hungary, Poland, Russia and Serbia (see Vojvodina), ruled by a Voivod (voivode). ...


In Peru, provinces are a tertiary unit of government, as the country is divided into twenty-five regions, which are then subdivided into 194 provinces. Chile follows a similar division being divded into 15 regions, which a then divided into a total of 53 provinces each being run by a governor appointed by the president. Perus territory, according to the Regionalization Law which was passed on November 18th, 2002, is divided into 25 regions (regiones; singular: región). ... Chile is divided into fifteen regions (in Spanish, regiones; singular región), each of which is headed by an superintendent (intendente), appointed by the president. ...


There are also provinces in New Zealand, but the country is not seen as a "federal" country. However, the provinces do have a few duties like collecting rates and each province has its own Health Board and District Prisons Board. (For the current top-level subdivision of New Zealand, see Regions of New Zealand) Provinces in New Zealand were used from 1841 until the Abolition of the Provinces Act came into force on November 1, 1876. ...


Some provinces are as large and populous as nations. The most populous province is Henan, China, pop. 93,000,000. Also very populous are several other Chinese provinces, as well as Punjab, Pakistan, pop. 85,000,000. Henan (Chinese: 河南; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ho-nan), is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located in the central part of the country. ... The Punjab/ پنجاب province of Pakistan is part of the larger Punjab region. ...


The largest provinces by area are Xinjiang, China (1,600,000 km²) and Quebec, Canada (1,500,000 km²). For the county in Shanxi province, see Xinjiang County. ... Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Official languages French Flower Blue Flag Iris (Iris versicolor Linné) Tree Yellow Birch Bird Snowy Owl Capital Quebec City Largest city Montreal Lieutenant-Governor Lise Thibault Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 75 24 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of...


Current provinces and polities translated "province"

Country local name(s) Number of entities
Provinces of Afghanistan from Arab. wilaya 34
Provinces of Algeria arab. wilaya 48
Provinces of Argentina span. provincia 24
Provinces of Armenia marz 11
Provinces of Belarus Belarusian: vobłaść 7
Provinces of regions in Belgium:
Provinces of the Flemish Region Dutch provincie 5
Provinces of the Walloon Region French province 5
– The Brussels Capital Region 0
    (neither is it a province,
    nor is it part of one)
Provinces of Bolivia span. provincia TBD
Provinces of Bulgaria bulg. oblast 28
Provinces of Canada engl.+ French province 10
Provinces of Chile span. provincia 53
Provinces of China chin. (mand.) 省 (sheng) 22 + 1
Provinces of Cuba span. provincia 15
Provinces of Ecuador span. provincia 22
Provinces of Equatorial Guinea span. provincia 7
Provinces of Finland finn. läänit / swed. län 6
Provinces of France 39
Provinces of Gabon fran. province 9
Provinces of Greece Greek: επαρχία, "eparchia" 73
Provinces of Indonesia Indo. provinsi or propinsi 33
Provinces of Iran Pers. ostan 30
Provinces of Ireland Irish cúige 4
Provinces of Italy ital. provincia 103
Provinces of Kazakhstan oblasy 14
Provinces of Kenya 8
Provinces of Kyrgyzstan oblasty 7
Provinces of Korea kore. do, to 14
Provinces of Laos lao khoueng 16
Provinces of Madagascar faritany 6
Provinces of the Netherlands dutc. provincie 12
Provinces of Norway norw. fylke 19
Provinces of Oman ara. wilaya appr. 60
Provinces of Pakistan Singular: "Suba" Plural: "Subai" 4
Provinces and regions of Panama span. provincia 9
Provinces of Papua New Guinea 19
Provinces of Peru span. provincia 180
Provinces of the Philippines fili.: lalawigan / probinsya 81
Provinces of Poland pl. województwo 16
Provinces of Rwanda intara 12
Provinces of São Tomé and Príncipe port. província 2
Provinces of Saudi Arabia Arab. mintaqah 13
Provinces of the Solomon Islands 9
Provinces of South Africa 9
Provinces of Spain span. provincia 50
Provinces of Tajikistan veloyati, from Arab. wilaya 3
Provinces of Thailand changwat 76
Provinces of Turkey turk. il 81
Provinces of Turkmenistan from Arab. wilaya 5
Provinces of Ukraine ukra. oblast 24
Provinces of Uzbekistan from Arab. wilaya 12
Provinces of Vanuatu 6
Provinces of Vietnam from Vietnamese tỉnh 59
Provinces of Zambia 9
Provinces of Zimbabwe 8

Afghanistan consists of 34 provinces, or velayat: Badakhshan Badghis Baghlan Balkh Bamiyan Daikondi - established March 28, 2004 Farah Faryab Ghazni Ghowr Helmand Herat Jowzjan Kabul Kandahar Kapisa Khost Konar Kondoz Laghman Lowgar Nangarhar Nimruz Nurestan Oruzgan Paktia Paktika Panjshir - established April 13, 2004 Parvan Samangan Sar-e Pol Takhar Vardak... A wilaya is an administrative subdivision of several countries, including Algeria, Morocco, Sudan, and Oman. ... Map of the provinces of Algeria in alphabetical order. ... A wilaya is an administrative subdivision of several countries, including Algeria, Morocco, Sudan, and Oman. ... Argentina is subdivided in 23 provinces (Spanish: provincias, singular - provincia) and 1 federal district (capital federal). ... Motto: Armenian: Õ„Õ¥Õ¯ Ô±Õ¦Õ£ , Õ„Õ¥Õ¯ Õ„Õ·Õ¡Õ¯Õ¸Ö‚ÕµÕ© Transliteration: Mek Azg, Mek Mshakowyt One Nation, One Culture Anthem: Mer Hayrenik (Our Fatherland) Capital  Yerevan1 Largest city Yerevan Official languages Armenian Government Unitary republic  - President Robert Kocharian  - Prime Minister Andranik Margaryan Independence from the USSR   - Declared August 23, 1990   - Recognized September 21, 1991   - Finalized December 25, 1991... At the higher administrative level, Belarus is divided into 6 voblasts. ... Oblast (Czech: oblast, Slovak: oblasÅ¥, Russian and Ukrainian: , Belarusian: , Bulgarian: о́бласт) refers to a subnational entity in some countries. ... Belgium is divided into three regions, two of them are subdivided into five provinces each. ... Belgium is divided into three regions, two of them are subdivided into five provinces each. ... Belgium is divided into three regions, two of them are subdivided into five provinces each. ... The Brussels-Capital Region (French: R gion de Bruxelles-Capitale, Dutch: Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest, German: Region Br ssel-Hauptstadt) or Brussels Region (French: R gion Bruxelloise, Dutch: Brusselse Gewest) is one of the three regions of Belgium. ... On the second level Bolivia is divided into provinces. ... Since 1999 Bulgaria has been divided into 28 oblasts (provinces or regions) that correspond approximately to the 28 okrugs that existed before 1987. ... Oblast (Czech: oblast, Slovak: oblasÅ¥, Russian and Ukrainian: , Belarusian: , Bulgarian: о́бласт) refers to a subnational entity in some countries. ... Map of Canada As shown by the map to the left, the North American nation of Canada is a federation which consists of ten provinces that, together with three territories, make up the worlds second largest country in total area. ... Chile is divided into thirteen regions, each of which is headed by an intendant (intendente). ... A province, in the context of China, is a translation of sheng (省 shÄ›ng), which is an administrative division of China. ... Provinces of Cuba Cuba consists of 14 provinces, plus one special municipality. ... Provinces of Ecuador Ecuador is divided into 22 provinces (Spanish: provincias, singular - provincia): Province (Capital) Azuay (Cuenca) Bolívar (Guaranda) Cañar (Azogues) Carchi (Tulcán) Chimborazo (Riobamba) Cotopaxi (Latacunga) El Oro (Machala) Esmeraldas (Esmeraldas) Galápagos (Puerto Baquerizo Moreno) Guayas (Guayaquil) Imbabura (Ibarra) Loja (Loja) Los Ríos (Babahoyo... Equatorial Guinea is divided into seven provinces (capitals appear in parentheses): Annobón Province (San Antonio de Palé) Bioko Norte Province (Malabo) Bioko Sur Province (Luba) Centro Sur Province (Evinayong) Kié-Ntem Province (Ebebiyín) Litoral Province (Bata) Wele-Nzas Province (Mongomo) Categories: | | ... Finland consists of 6 provinces (Finnish: läänit, Swedish: län). ... The Kingdom of France was organized into provinces until March 4, 1790, when the establishment of the département system superseded provinces. ... Gabon is divided into nine provinces (capitals in parentheses)- Estuaire (Libreville) Haut-Ogooué (Franceville) Moyen-Ogooué (Lambaréné) Ngounie (Mouila) Nyanga (Tchibanga) Ogooué-Ivindo (Makokou) Ogooué-Lolo (Koulamoutou) Ogooué-Maritime (Port-Gentil) Woleu-Ntem (Oyem) Categories: Lists of subnational entities | Gabon ... Here are a lists of the provinces (Greek: επαρχεία, eparcheia fr. ... The province (Indonesian: provinsi) is the highest tier of local government subnational entity in Indonesia. ... Iran consists of 30 provinces: Provinces are governed from a local center, mostly the largest local city. ... During late Gaelic and early historic times Ireland was divided into provinces to replace the earlier system of the tuatha. ... In Italy, the province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of an intermediate level, between municipality (comune) and region (Regione). ... Kazakhstan is divided into 14 provinces oblystar (singular - oblys): Note: in 1995 the Governments of Kazakhstan and Russia entered into an agreement whereby Russia would lease for a period of 20 years an area of 6,000 sq km enclosing the Bayqongyr (Baykonur) space launch facilities and the city of... Kenya is divided into 7 provinces (Mkoa) and 1 area*: Central Coast Eastern Nairobi Area* North Eastern Nyanza Rift Valley Western The provinces are subdivided into districts (wilaya) which are then subdivided into divisions (Tarafa). ... Kyrgyzstan is divided into seven provinces (singular: oblast, plural: oblastlar); adminstered by appointed governors. ... This article describes the historical evolution of Koreas provinces (Do ; Hangul: 도; Hanja: 道). For detailed information on current administrative divisions, please see Administrative divisions of North Korea and Administrative divisions of South Korea. ... Laos is divided into 16 provinces (Lao ແຂວງ, khoueng), 1 municipality* (ນະຄອນຫລວງ, kampheng nakhon), and 1 special zone** (ເຂດພິເສດ, khetphiset). ... Madagascar is divided into six provinces: Antananarivo province Antsiranana province Fianarantsoa province Mahajanga province Toamasina province Toliara province Categories: Lists of subnational entities | Madagascar | Provinces of Madagascar ... The modern day Netherlands are divided into twelve provinces (provincies in Dutch), listed below with their capital city: Map of the Netherlands, with provinces and capital cities See also the ranked list of Dutch provinces // Structure A Dutch province represents the administrative layer in between the national government and the... Norway is divided into 19 administrative regions, called counties (fylker, singular - fylke, Nynorsk: singular and plural fylke; until 1918 known as singular and plural- amt), and 433 municipalities (kommuner - Nynorsk: kommunar). ... The regions of Oman are subdivided into provinces (wilaya). ... Currently, Pakistan is subdivided into four provinces, two territories, and also portions of Kashmir that are administered by the Pakistani government. ... A map of Panama, showing its nine provinces and three provincial-level comarcas indígenas (indigenous regions). ... Papua New Guinea is divided into twenty provinces (capitals in parentheses): North Solomons (Bougainville) (Arawa) Central (Port Moresby) Chimbu (Kundiawa) Eastern Highlands (Goroka) East New Britain (Rabaul) East Sepik (Wewak) Enga (Webag) Gulf (Kerema) Madang (Mandang) Manus (Lorengau) Milne Bay (Milne Bay) Morobe (Lae) National Capital District (Port Moresby) New... Map of the Peruvian provinces The provinces of Peru, known in Spanish as provincias, are the second-level administrative subdivisions of the country. ... Map of the Philippines showing the regions and provinces (click for larger version). ... Filipino (formerly called Pilipino) is the national language and one of the official languages of the Philippines—the other one being English—as designated in the 1987 Philippine Constitution. ... The voivodeship or province (Polish: województwo) has been a second-level administrative unit in Poland since the 14th century. ... The Provinces of Rwanda, called intara, are further divided into districts (akarere) and municipalities (umujyi). ... São Tomé and Príncipe is divided into 2 provinces: São Tomé (Capital: São Tomé)- The province is made up of the equatorial Atlantic island of São Tomé and is home to an overwhelming majority of the nations citizens with an estimated population in 2004 of... Saudi Arabia is divided into 13 provinces (mintaqat, singular - mintaqah). ... Mintaqah is an arabic language term for an administrative unit. ... The Solomon Islands are divided into 9 provinces and 1 capital territory*: Central Choiseul (Lauru) Guadalcanal Honiara* Isabel Makira Malaita Rennell and Bellona Temotu Western Categories: Oceania geography stubs ... A map of the nine provinces of South Africa South Africa is currently divided into nine provinces. ... In addition to its seventeen autonomous communities, Spain is divided into fifty provinces. ... Tajikistan is divided into regions, or provinces (singular: viloyat, plural: viloyatho) (capitals in parentheses)- Khatlon Viloyati Khatlon (Qurghonteppa) Sughd Viloyati Sughd (Khujand) Karotegin (Kofarnihon) and one autonomous province (viloyati mukhtor)- Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region (GBAR) Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon (Khorugh). ... Thailand is divided into 76 provinces (Thai: จังหวัด, changwat, singular and plural), which are grouped into 5 groups of provinces - sometimes the East and Central are grouped together. ... Provinces of Turkey are called iller in Turkish (singular is il, see Turkish alphabet for capitalization of i). ... Turkmenistan is divided into 5 provinces or welayatlar (singular - welayat): Ahal (capital Ashgabat) Balkan (capital Nebitdag) Dashhowuz (formerly Tashauz, capital Dashhowuz) Lebap (capital Turkmenabat, formerly known as Charjew) Mary (capital Mary). ... Ukraine is subdivided into 24 oblasts (Ukrainian singular: область, oblast; plural області, oblasti), one autonomous republic (автономна республіка, avtonomna respublika), and... Uzbekistan is divided into twelve provinces (singular: viloyat, plural: viloyatlar) (capitals in parentheses)- Andijon Province (Andijon) Buxoro Province (Buxoro) Fargona Province (Fargona) Jizzakh Province (Jizzakh) Namangan Province (Namangan) Navoiy Province (Navoiy) Qashqadaryo Province (Qarshi) Samarqand Province (Samarqand) Sirdaryo Province (Guliston) Surxondaryo Province (Termiz) Toshkent Province (Toshkent) Xorazm Province... Vanuatu has been divided into six provinces since 1994. ... Administrative Divisions of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam The country of Vietnam is divided into fifty-nine provinces (known in Vietnamese as tỉnh, from Chinese 省 shÄ›ng). ... Zambia is divided into nine provinces (capitals in parentheses)- Central Province (Kabwe) Copperbelt Province (Ndola) Eastern Province (Chipata) Luapula Province (Mansa) Lusaka Province (Lusaka) Northern Province (Kasama) North-Western Province (Solwezi) Southern Province (Livingstone) Western Province (Mongu) Categories: Zambia | Lists of subnational entities ... Zimbabwe is divided into 8 provinces and 2 cities with provincial status: Bulawayo (city) Harare (city) Manicaland Mashonaland Central Mashonaland East Mashonaland West Masvingo Matabeleland North Matabeleland South Midlands Categories: | ...

Historical provinces

Ancient, medieval and feudal provinces

The nomes of Ancient Egypt A nome (Greek: district) is a subnational administrative division of Ancient Egypt. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Succession of states. ... Satrap (Greek σατράπης satrápēs, from Old Persian xšaθrapā(van), i. ... Map of the Roman Empire, with the provinces, after 120. ... In the Byzantine Empire, an exarch was a proconsul or viceroy who governed a province at some remove from the central authorities, the Emperor and the Patriarch of Constantinople. ... The themata in 950. ... Gau can denote Gau, the German term for shire. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... The Caliphate (Arabic خلافة) is the theoretical federal government that would govern the Islamic world under Islamic law, ruled by a Caliph as head of state. ... A sultan (Arabic: سلطان) is an Islamic monarch ruling under the terms of shariah. ... Etymologically an emirate or amirate (Arabic: إمارة Imarah, plural: إمارات Imarat) is the quality, dignity, office or territorial competence of any Emir (prince, governor etc. ... For the Star Trek character see Khan Noonien Singh. ... Map of Kazan Khanate, early 1500s The Kazan Khanate (Tatar: Qazan xanlığı; Russian: Казанское ханство) (1438-1552) was a Tatar state on the territory of former Volga Bulgaria with its capital in Kazan. ... The Mughal Empire at its greatest extent. ... A Subah is a province of the former Mughal Empire. ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... Ottoman Empire, 1481-1683 The Ottoman Empire existed from 1299 to 1922 and, at the height of its power in the 16th century, it included nearly 20 million km² in Anatolia (Asia Minor), the Middle East, parts of North Africa, and much of south-eastern Europe, and the Caucasus. ... Pasha (or pascha, bashaw; Turkish: paÅŸa; originally from Persian padshah or padeshah meaning king or from Turkish bash head, chief [1]) was a high rank in the Ottoman Empire political system, typically granted to governors and generals. ... Wali (Arabic ولي, plural Awliya أولياء, Persian/Turkish pronunciation Vali), is an Arabic word, meaning protector or guardian (most literally etymologically near one), also adopted in various other Islamic cultures. ... Vilâyet (also eyalet or pashaluk) was the Turkish name for the provinces of the Ottoman Empire. ... Bey is the Turkish word for chieftain, traditionally applied to the leaders of small tribal groups In historical accounts, many Turkish and Persian leaders are titled bey, beg or beigh. ... Sanjak and Sandjak (other variants: sinjaq, sanjaq) are the most common English transliterations of the Turkish word Sancak, which literally means banner. In Arabic the sanjaks were also called liwas. ... Beylerbey or (Turkish for Bey of beys, Leader of leaders, Polish: bejlerbej) is the Ottoman title used for the most important person in the hierarchy of provincial leaders (a governor over several vilayet), second only to the Vizier. ...

Modern post-feudal and colonial provinces

A viceroy is somebody who governs a country or province as a substitute for the monarch. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Note: for information about Canadas present-day provinces, see Provinces and territories of Canada. ... Emblems: Hairy Nosed Wombat (faunal); Leafy Seadragon (marine); Piping Shrike (bird: unofficial); Sturts Desert Pea (floral); Opal (gemstone) Motto: United for the Common Wealth Slogan or Nickname: Festival State Other Australian states and territories Capital Adelaide Government Const. ... The states and territories of Australia make up the Commonwealth of Australia under a federal system of government. ... Provinces of India or more correctly, the Provinces of British India were formed in 1858 when the British Crown took direct control of India. ... The Kingdom of France was organized into provinces until March 4, 1790, when the establishment of the département system superseded provinces. ... During late Gaelic and early historic times Ireland was divided into provinces to replace the earlier system of the tuatha. ... Before the modern prefecture system was established, the land of Japan was divided into tens of kuni (国, countries), usually known in English as provinces. ... The provinces or landskap were the subdivisions of Sweden until 1634, when they were replaced by the counties of Sweden (län). ... This article is about the Dutch United Provinces. ... Capital Guatemala City; in 1834 moved to San Salvador Created 1823 Dissolved 1840 Demonym Centroamerican The United Provinces of Central America (UPCA) was a country that existed in Central America from July 1823 to approximately 1840. ... The Provinces of Prussia constituted the main administrative divisions Prussia. ...

See also

A governor or governour (archaic) is a governing official, usually the executive (at least nominally, to different degrees also politically and administratively) of a non-sovereign level of government, ranking under the Head of state; furthermore the title applies to officials with a similar mandate as representatives of a chartered... This is a list of lists of unofficial regions by country: List of regions of Australia List of regions of Canada List of regions in India List of regions in Japan List of regions of the United States and historic regions of the United States List of traditional regions of...

External links

  • Interactive China province map with city guides and more.

Sources and references

(incomplete)

  • Etymology OnLine
  • WorldStatesmen

  Results from FactBites:
 
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Ecclesiastical Province (486 words)
Thus in the East during the third century the bishop of the provincial metropolis came gradually to occupy a certain superior position, and received the name of metropolitan.
Africa; metropolitans of the separate provinces gradually appear, although the boundaries of these provinces did not coincide with the divisions of the empire.
church provinces as the basis of ecclesiastical administration was fairly universal in the West.
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Province IV, the Province of Sewanee, is the largest of the Provinces of the Episcopal Church.
Province IV has the largest number of clergy, baptized members, communicants, church school and day school pupils and is the largest contributor to the General Convention budget of any Province in our Church.
Within the Province, there are 21 active diocesan camps and/or conference centers, many of which have been expanded, renovated and upgraded in the past few years.
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