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Encyclopedia > Providence, Rhode Island
City of Providence

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Nickname: Little Rhody, The Ocean State, Beehive of Industry, The Renaissance City, The Divine City
Location in Rhode Island
Coordinates: 41°49′25″N 71°25′20″W / 41.82361, -71.42222
Country United States
State Rhode Island
County Providence
Government
 - Mayor David N. Cicilline (D)
Area
 - City 20.5 sq mi (53.2 km²)
 - Land 18.5 sq mi (47.8 km²)
 - Water 2.1 sq mi (5.3 km²)
Elevation 75 ft (23 m)
Population (2006)
 - City 175,255
 - Density 9,473/sq mi (3,666/km²)
 - Metro 1,622,520
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 401
FIPS code 44-59000GR2
GNIS feature ID 1219851GR3
Website: http://www.providenceri.com

Providence is the capital and the most populous city of the U.S. state of Rhode Island, and one of the first cities established in the United States.[1] Located in Providence County, it is the estimated third-largest city[2] in the New England region. Despite having an estimated population of 175,255 as of 2006, it anchors the 35th largest metropolitan population in the country, with an estimated MSA population of 1,622,520, exceeding that of Rhode Island by about 60% due to its reaching into southern Massachusetts.[3][4][5] Situated at the mouth of the Providence River, on Narragansett Bay, the city's small footprint is crisscrossed by seemingly erratic streets and a rapidly changing demographic using them. Providence may mean: In religion: Divine Providence, by the influence of God Providence Ministries, a Progressive Southern Gospel group based in Tahlequah, Oklahoma, United States In entertainment: Providence (1977 film), a French/Swiss film Providence (1991 film), an American/Canadian film starring Keanu Reeves Providence (band), 1970s-era American band... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links ProvidenceRI_flag. ... Image File history File links ProvidenceRI_seal. ... EXAMPLE:Laughbox,Blondie,BamBam,Pinkie,etc. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2168x3239, 193 KB) Locator maps U.S. cities derived from PD state maps by different users from en. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... This article is about the U.S. State. ... List of Rhode Island counties: Rhode Island Bristol County: formed in 1747 from land gained from Bristol County, Massachusetts after resolution of a boundary dispute between the two colonies. ... Providence County is a county located in the state of Rhode Island. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... David Cicilline (born 1961) is Mayor of Providence, Rhode Island. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Metronome, a public art installation showing the time in New York City The Eastern Time Zone (ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of Northern America and the west coast of South America. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Eastern Daylight Time or EDT is equal to: In North America, Eastern Standard Time + 1, or UTC − 4 hours. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Area code 401 is the telephone area code serving all of the state of Rhode Island. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Providence County is a county located in the state of Rhode Island. ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... There are two official definitions of metropolitan area used today in the United States, metropolitan statistical areas, and combined statistical areas, the former restrictive, the latter more extensive. ... The Providence metropolitan area is a region covering eight counties in two states, and is the 35th largest metropolitan area in the United States. ... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas, which are organized around county boundaries. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The city of Providence as seen from the Providence River at its confluence with the Narragansett Bay The Providence River is a river originating in eponymous downtown Providence, formed by the confluence of the Woonasquatucket and Moshassuck Rivers. ... Narragansett Bay, shown in pink. ...


Providence was founded in 1636 by Roger Williams, a religious exile from the Massachusetts Bay Colony. He named the area in honor of "God's merciful Providence" which he believed was responsible for his finding such a haven to settle. After being one of the first cities in the country to industrialize, Providence became noted for its jewelry and silverware industry. Today, Providence city proper alone is home to eight hospitals and seven institutions of higher learning, which has shifted the former's economy into service industries, though it still retains significant manufacturing work. The city was once nicknamed the "Beehive of Industry", while today "The Renaissance City" is more common, though as of 2000 census, its poverty rate was still among the ten highest for cities over 100,000.[6][7] For other persons named Roger Williams, see Roger Williams (disambiguation). ... A map of the Massachusetts Bay Colony Capital Charlestown, Boston History  - Established 1629  - New England Confederation 1643  - Dominion of New England 1686  - Province of Massachusetts Bay 1692  - Disestablished 1692 The Massachusetts Bay Colony (sometimes called the Massachusetts Bay Company, for the institution that founded it) was an English settlement on... Jewelry (the American spelling; spelled jewellery in Commonwealth English) consists of ornamental devices worn by persons, typically made with gems and precious metals. ... Household silver (the silver) comprises dishware, cutlery and other household items made of sterling silver, usually bought in sets or combined to form sets, such as a set of silver candlesticks or a silver tea service. ...

Contents

History

Main article: History of Providence

The area which is now Providence was first settled in June 1636 by Roger Williams, and was one of the original Thirteen Colonies of the United States.[8] Williams secured a title from the Narragansett natives around this time and gave the city its present name. Williams also cultivated Providence as a refuge for persecuted religious dissenters, as he himself had been exiled from Massachusetts.[9] Providence's growth would be slow during the next quarter-century — the subsuming of its territory into surrounding towns, difficulty of farming the land, and differing of local traditions and land conflicts all slowed development.[9] The city of Providence, Rhode Island has a long (by North American standards) and nationally significant history. ... For other persons named Roger Williams, see Roger Williams (disambiguation). ... In 1775, the British claimed authority over the red and pink areas on this map and Spain ruled the orange. ... Tribal flag The Narragansett tribe, or more accurately Nahahiganseck Sovereign Nation, are a Native American tribe who controlled the area surrounding Narragansett Bay in present-day Rhode Island, and also portions of Connecticut, and eastern Massachusetts. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...

Providence in the mid-nineteenth century

In the mid-1770s, the British government levied taxes that impeded Providence's maritime, fishing and agricultural industries, the mainstay of the city's economy. One example was the Sugar Act, which impacted Providence's distilleries and its trade in rum and slaves. These taxes caused Providence to join the other colonies in renouncing allegiance to the British Crown. In response to enforcement of unpopular trade laws, Providence residents spilled the first blood of the American Revolution in the notorious Gaspée Affair of 1772.[9] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Sugar Act (citation 4 Geo. ... Burning of the Gaspee The Gaspée Affair was an important incident in the course of the American Revolution. ...


Though during the Revolutionary War the city escaped enemy occupation, the capture of nearby Newport disrupted industry and kept the population on alert. Troops were quartered for various campaigns and Brown University's University Hall was used as a barracks and military hospital.[9] The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war fought primarily between Great Britain and revolutionaries within thirteen of her North American colonies. ... Newport, Rhode Island Newport is a city in Newport County, Rhode Island, United States, about 30 miles (48 km) south of Providence. ... Brown University is a private university located in Providence, Rhode Island. ...

Providence in the mid-20th century

Following the war, the economy shifted from maritime endeavors to manufacturing, particularly machinery, tools, silverware, jewelry and textiles. At one time, Providence boasted some of the largest manufacturing plants in the country, including Brown & Sharpe, Nicholson File, and Gorham Silverware, and was the country's ninth-largest city[9] The city's industries attracted many immigrants from Ireland, Germany, Sweden, England, Italy, Portugal, Cape Verde, and French Canada. Economic and demographic shifts caused social strife, notably with a series of race riots between whites and blacks during the 1820s. In response to these troubles and the economic growth, Providence residents ratified a city charter in 1831.[9] Image File history File links Providence_old. ... Image File history File links Providence_old. ... American wire gauge (AWG) is used in the United States and other countries as a standard method of denoting wire diameter, especially for non-ferrous, electrically conducting wire. ...


During the Civil War, local politics split over slavery as many had ties to Southern cotton. Despite ambivalence concerning the war, the number of military volunteers routinely exceeded quota, and the city's manufacturing proved invaluable to the Union. Providence thrived postwar, waves of immigrants and land annexations brought the population from 54,595 in 1865 to 175,597 by 1900.[9] Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total...


The city began to see a decline by the mid-1920s as industries, notably textiles, shut down. The Great Depression hit the city hard, and Providence's downtown was flooded by the New England Hurricane of 1938 soon after. The city saw further decline as a result of nation-wide trends, with the construction of highways and increased suburbanization.[9] From the 1950s to the 1980s, Providence was a notorious bastion of organized crime.[10] The mafia boss Raymond L.S. Patriarca ruled a vast criminal enterprise. For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... Lowest pressure 938 mbar (hPa; 27. ... Organized crime or criminal organizations are groups or operations run by criminals, most commonly for the purpose of generating a monetary profit. ... Raymond L.S. Patriarca, Sr. ...

New construction in Providence (August 2006): cranes seen for Waterplace Condominium towers, Westin addition, and the GTECH headquarters prior to completion

The city's eponymous "Renaissance" began in the 1970s. From 1975 until 1982, $606 million of local and national Community Development funds were invested throughout the city, and the hitherto falling population began to stabilize. In the 1990s, Mayor Vincent Cianci, Jr showcased the city's strength in arts and pushed for further revitalization, ultimately resulting in the opening up of the city's natural rivers (which had been paved over), relocation of a large section of railroad underground, creation of Waterplace Park and river walks along the river's banks, and construction of the Fleet Skating Rink (now the Bank of America Skating Rink) in downtown and the 1.4 million ft² Providence Place Mall.[9] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 743 KB) Summary New construction in Providence from Prospect Park taken August 20th, 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 743 KB) Summary New construction in Providence from Prospect Park taken August 20th, 2006. ... Waterplace is the name of a new high-rise project by Intercontinental Real Estate Corporation in Providence, Rhode Island. ... GTech is a company based in West Greenwich, Rhode Island, in the United States. ... USD redirects here. ... Vincent Buddy Cianci, Jr. ... Waterplace Park is an urban park situated in downtown Providence, Rhode Island. ... Providence neighborhoods with Downtown in red Downtown, also known as Downcity, is the central economic, political, and cultural district of the city of Providence, Rhode Island. ... Providence Place with The Westin Providence at far left in the distance. ...


New investment triggered within the city, with new construction including numerous condo projects, hotels, and a new office highrise all filling in the freed space.[11][12] Despite new investment, poverty remains an entrenched problem as it does in most post-industrial New England cities. Nearly 30 percent of the city population lives below the poverty line.[13] Recent increases in real estate values further exacerbate problems for those at marginal income levels, as Providence had the highest rise in median housing price of any city in the United States from 2004 to 2005.[14] Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... A post-industrial society is a proposed name for an economy that has undergone a specific series of changes in structure after a process of industrialization. ...


Geography

Providence neighborhoods with major highways shown

The Providence city limits enclose a small geographic region, with a total area of 53.2 km² (20.5 mi²). 47.8 km² (18.5 mi²) of it is land and the remaining 5.3 km² (2.1 mi²) (roughly 10%) of it is water. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 543 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (657 × 725 pixel, file size: 68 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Self made in MS paint. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 543 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (657 × 725 pixel, file size: 68 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Self made in MS paint. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Providence is located at the head of Narragansett Bay, with the Providence River running into the bay through the center of the city,[15] formed by the confluence of the Moshassuck and Woonasquatucket Rivers. The Waterplace Park amphitheater and riverwalks line the river's banks through downtown. Constitution Hill (near downtown), College (or Prospect) Hill (east of the Providence River), and Federal Hill (west of downtown and is New England's largest Italian district) are the most prominent of the city's hills. The remaining hills include Tockwotten Hill at Fox Point, Smith Hill (where the State House is located), Christian Hill at Hoyle Square (junction of Cranston & Westminster Streets), and Weybosset Hill at the lower end of Weybosset Street, which was leveled in the early 1880s. Narragansett Bay, shown in pink. ... The city of Providence as seen from the Providence River at its confluence with the Narragansett Bay The Providence River is a river originating in eponymous downtown Providence, formed by the confluence of the Woonasquatucket and Moshassuck Rivers. ... The Moshassuck River is a small stream that originates in Lincoln, Rhode Island. ... The Woonasquatucket River below Stillwater Reservoir in Smithfield The Woonasquatucket River in the Olneyville neighborhood of Providence The Woonasquatucket River (pronounced woon-AHS-kwa-tuk-it, Algonquian for where the salt water ends) is a river in Providence County, Rhode Island flowing 19 miles (31 km) through Providence County, Rhode... Providence neighborhoods with Downtown in red Downtown, also known as Downcity, is the central economic, political, and cultural district of the city of Providence, Rhode Island. ... Providence neighborhoods with Fox Point in red Fox Point is a neighborhood in the East Side of Providence, RI. It is bounded by the Providence and Seekonk rivers, Interstate 195 and the College Hill and Wayland neighborhoods. ...


Neighborhoods

Main article: Neighborhoods in Providence
The Providence skyline viewed from College Hill

Providence has 25 official neighborhoods, though these neighborhoods are often grouped together and referred to collectively:[16][17] Providence neighborhoods with major highways shown The Providence Skyline viewed from College Hill The city of Providence, Rhode Island has 25 official neighborhoods. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Textronside_from_college_hill. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Textronside_from_college_hill. ...

  • The Jewelry District describes the area enclosed by I95, I195, and the Providence River.
  • The North End is formed by the combination of the neighborhoods of Charles and Wanskuck.
  • The South Side (or South Providence) consists of the neighborhoods of Elmwood, Lower South Providence, Upper South Providence, and the West End.
  • West Broadway is an officially recognized neighborhood with its own association. It overlaps with the southern half of Federal Hill and the northern part of the West End.[18]

Providence neighborhoods with the East Side in red The Providence skyline from College Hill The East Side is a collection of neighborhoods in Providence, Rhode Island on the eponymous eastern part of the city. ... Providence neighborhoods with Blackstone in red Blackstone is a predominantly residential neighborhood in Providence, Rhode Island. ... Providence neighborhoods with Hope in red Hope in a neighborhood on the northern border of Providence, Rhode Island. ... College Hill is a neighborhood in the eastern central part of Providence, Rhode Island. ... Providence neighborhoods with Fox Point in red Fox Point is a neighborhood in the East Side of Providence, RI. It is bounded by the Providence and Seekonk rivers, Interstate 195 and the College Hill and Wayland neighborhoods. ... Providence neighborhoods with the Jewelry District in red The Jewelry District comprises the area in Providence, Rhode Island between Interstate 195 and Henderson Street, including Davol Square and the waterfront, is commonly known as the Jewelry District. ... The city of Providence as seen from the Providence River at its confluence with the Narragansett Bay The Providence River is a river originating in eponymous downtown Providence, formed by the confluence of the Woonasquatucket and Moshassuck Rivers. ... Providence neighborhoods with Charles in red Charles is a neighborhood in northern Providence, Rhode Island. ... Providence neighborhoods with South Side in red The South Side of Providence, Rhode Island, or South Providence, is a term frequently used to describe the collective region comprising the official neighborhoods of Upper and Lower South Providence, Elwood and the West End. ... Providence neighborhoods with Elmwood in red Elmwood is a neighborhood in southern Providence, Rhode Island. ... Providence neighborhoods with Lower South Providence in red The Lower South Side (or Lower South Providence) is a neighborhoods in southern Providence, Rhode Island. ... Providence neighborhoods with Upper South Providence in red Upper South Providence is an official neighborhood in the South Side in the city of Providence, Rhode Island. ... Providence neighborhoods with the West End in red The West End is a neighborhood in the southwestern part of Providence, Rhode Island. ... Providence neighborhoods with Federal Hill in red The Federal Hill neighborhood is very significant in the history of Providence due to its central location within the city. ...

Cityscape

Perspective of Westminster Street

The city of Providence is geographically very compact, characteristic of eastern seaboard cities which developed prior to use of the automobile. For this reason, Providence has the eighth-highest percentage of pedestrian commuters.[19][20] The street layout is somewhat chaotic — over one thousand streets (a great number for the city's size) run haphazardly, connecting and radiating from traditionally bustling places like Market Square.[21] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 612 KB) Summary Westminster Street in Providence. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 612 KB) Summary Westminster Street in Providence. ... Categories: US geography stubs ... The following is a list of United States cities of 100,000+ inhabitants with the 50 highest rates of pedestrian commuting, according to data from the 2000 Census. ...


Downtown Providence has numerous 19th century mercantile buildings in the Federal and Victorian architectural styles, as well as several post-modern and modernist buildings, are located throughout this area. In particular, a fairly clear spatial separation appears between the areas of pre-1980s development and post-1980s development. Fountain Street and Exchange Terrace serve as rough boundaries between the two. Federal style architecture occurred in the United States between 1780 and 1830, particularly from 1785 to 1815. ...


The newer area includes Providence Place Mall (1999), a Westin hotel (1993), GTECH (2006), new condominium construction, and Waterplace Park (1994); the area tends toward newer development since much of it is land reclaimed in the 1970s from a mass of railroad tracks which was referred to colloquially as the "Chinese Wall".[22] This part of Downtown is characterized by open spaces, wide roads, and intent landscaping. Providence Place, opened on August 20, 1999, is a modern urban shopping mall in the central part of Providence, Rhode Island, near the Rhode Island State House and Union Station. ... The Westin Providence is a Neo-Traditionalist skyscraper in downtown Providence, occupied by the Westin Hotel. ... GTech is a company based in West Greenwich, Rhode Island, in the United States. ... Waterplace Park is an urban park situated in downtown Providence, Rhode Island. ...

Downtown Providence at Burnside Park

The historic part of downtown has many streetscapes that look as they did eighty years ago. Most of the state's tallest buildings are found here. The largest structure, to date, is the art-deco-styled former Industrial Trust Tower, currently the Bank of America Building at 426 feet (130 m).[23] By contrast, nearby to it is the second tallest One Financial Center, designed in modern taut-skin cladding, constructed a half century later.[24] In between the two is 50 Kennedy Plaza. The Textron Tower is also a core building to the modest Providence skyline. Downtown is also the home of the Providence Biltmore and Westminster Arcade, the oldest enclosed shopping mall in the U.S., built in 1828.[25] Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... The Providence Biltmore and Ambrose Burnside statue, as seen from Burnside Park Burnside Park is a small park situated in downtown Providence, Rhode Island, adjacent to Kennedy Plaza. ... The current skyline of Providence, showing (from left to right) One Financial Plaza, 50 Kennedy Plaza, and the Bank of America Building The city of Providence, Rhode Island is home to several high-rise buildings. ... The Bank of America building (or The Superman Building to locals) is the tallest building in the city of Providence and the state of Rhode Island. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... The Sovereign Bank Tower, also known as One Financial Center, and fomerly known as the Hospital Trust Tower, and the Bank Boston Tower, is a International Style skyscraper in the heart of downtown Providence, Rhode Island. ... 50 Kennedy Plaza (formerly known as Fleet Center) is an International style skyscraper in Providence, RI. At a height of 285ft (87m)[1], it is currently the fifth tallest building in the city and state. ... The Textron World Headquarters building (formerly known as the Old Stone Tower) is an International-style skyscraper in downtown Providence, RI. At 311 feet (95m), it stands as the 4th tallest building in the city and the state. ... The Providence Biltmore Hotel opened in 1922. ... The Westminster Arcade or Providence Arcade (The Arcade, locally) is a historic shopping center in Providence, Rhode Island. ...


The city's southern waterfront, away from the downtown core, is the location of many oil tanks, a docking station for a ferry boat, a decommissioned Russian submarine, a non-profit sailing center, bars, strip clubs, and power plants. The Fox Point Hurricane Barrier is also found here, built to protect Providence from storm surge, like that it had endured in the 1938 New England Hurricane and again in 1954 from Hurricane Carol.[26] The Fox Point Hurricane Barrier is a 3000 foot long concrete wall in the Fox Point neighborhood of Providence, Rhode Island. ... ... Lowest pressure 938 mbar (hPa; 27. ...


The majority of the cityscape comprises abandoned and revitalized industrial mills, double and triple decker housing (though the row houses found in so commonly in other Northeast cities, are notably rare here),[27] a small number of high-rise buildings (predominantly for housing the elderly), and single family homes. I-95 serves as a physical barrier between the city's commercial core and neighborhoods such as Federal Hill and the West End. Triple-decker apartment building in Cambridge, Massachusetts built in 1916 A row of triple-deckers in Cambridge, Massachusetts A three-decker (occassionally referred to as a triple-decker) is a three-story apartment building, usually of light-frame construction, where each floor consists of one apartment. ... A street of British Victorian/Edwardian terraced homes. ... Interstate 95 is 42 miles long in the state of Rhode Island. ... Providence neighborhoods with Federal Hill in red The Federal Hill neighborhood is very significant in the history of Providence due to its central location within the city. ... Providence neighborhoods with the West End in red The West End is a neighborhood in the southwestern part of Providence, Rhode Island. ...


Climate

Waterplace Park

Providence's climate is humid continental, with hot summers, cold winters, and high humidity year-round. The USDA rates the city at Zone 6a, which is an "in-between" climate. The influence of the Atlantic Ocean keeps Providence, and the rest of the state of Rhode Island, warmer than many inland locales in New England.[28][29] January is the coldest month with average high temperatures of 37° F (3° C) and average low temperatures of 20°F (-7°C).[30] July is the warmest month with average high temperatures of 83°F (28°C) and average low temperatures of 64°F (18°C).[30] The record high temperature in the city was 104°F (40°C) recorded in 1975.[30] The record low temperature in the city was -17°F (-27°C) recorded in 1934.[30] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 557 KB) Summary Waterplace Park in downtown Providence, RI. Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 557 KB) Summary Waterplace Park in downtown Providence, RI. Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... The humid continental climate is found over large areas of land masses in the temperate regions of the mid latitudes where there is a zone of conflict between polar and tropical air masses. ... “USDA” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ...


As with the rest of the northeastern seaboard, Providence receives ample precipitation year-round. Monthly precipitation ranges from a high of 4.43 inches (112.5 mm) in March to a low of 3.17 inches (80.5 mm) in July.[31] Precipitation levels are generally slightly lesser in the summer months than the winter months when powerful storms known as Nor'easters can cause significant snowfall and blizzard conditions. Though not frequent, Providence's location at the head of Narragansett Bay makes it vulnerable to Atlantic hurricanes. Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial unit of length. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude this page lists lengths between 10-3 m and 10-2 m (1 mm and 1 cm). ... Satellite image of the intense noreaster responsible for the North American blizzard of 2006. ... This article is about the winter storm condition. ... This article is about weather phenomena. ...

Weather averages for Providence, Rhode Island
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F 37 39 48 58 69 77 83 81 73 63 52 42 60
Average low °F 20 23 30 39 49 58 64 63 55 43 35 26 42
Precipitation inch 4.37 3.45 4.43 4.16 3.66 3.38 3.17 3.90 3.70 3.69 4.40 4.14 46.46
Average high °C 3 4 9 14 21 25 28 27 23 17 11 6 15
Average low °C -7 -5 -1 4 9 14 18 17 13 6 2 -3 6
Precipitation mm 111 87.6 112.5 105.7 93.0 85.9 80.5 99.1 94.0 93.7 111.8 105.2 1,180
Source: Weather.com[32] Jan 2007

Demographics

City of Providence
Population by year[33][34][33][35]
Census
year
Population U.S. rank

1790 6,380 9
1800 7,614 9
1810 10,070 11
1820 11,767 13
1830 16,833 12
1840 23,171 14
1850 41,513 17
1860 50,666 16
1870 68,904 21
1880 104,857 20
1890 132,146 25
1900 175,597 20
1910 223,326 23
1920 237,595 27
1930 252,981 37
1940 253,504 37
1950 248,674 43
1960 207,498 56
1970 179,213 71
1980 156,804 100
1990 160,728 110
2000 173,618 119
2005 est. 176,862 124

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, the population comprised 173,618 people, 62,389 households, and 35,859 families.[13] The population density was 3,629.4/km² (9,401.7/mi²), characteristic of comparatively older cities in New England such as New Haven, Connecticut, Boston, and Hartford, Connecticut.[36] Also like these cities, its population peaked in the 1940s just prior to the nationwide period of rapid suburbanization. Providence has had a substantial Italian population since the turn of the century, evidenced by its own Little Italy in Federal Hill.[37] Irish immigrants have also had considerable influence on the city's history, with 8% of residents claiming Irish heritage.[38] Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... “New Haven” redirects here. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport[3] Largest metro area Hartford Metro Area[2] Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[4] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... Boston redirects here. ... Hartford redirects here. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport[3] Largest metro area Hartford Metro Area[2] Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[4] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Suburbanisation is a term used by many to describe the current social urban dynamic operating within many parts of the developed world and is related to the phenomenon of urban sprawl. ... Providence neighborhoods with Federal Hill in red The Federal Hill neighborhood is very significant in the history of Providence due to its central location within the city. ...


Belying Providence's traditionally white makeup is the sizable minority presence it has acquired in the last twenty years. Though nearby cities like Boston and Hartford have longer-standing black and Latino communities, Providence now has a higher minority percentage, with non-Hispanic whites comprising less than half (45.8%) of the population.[39][40] Though salient contributions to this growth have been among Asians and unspecified races, the most dramatic change comes from Hispanics, whose presence has increased fivefold.[40] Having origins in Puerto Rico, Colombia, the Dominican Republic, and Central America (particularly Guatemala), Hispanics have strong influence in the neighborhoods of Elmwood, the West End, and Upper and Lower South Providence.[40] Hispanic impact is even larger in the city's schools. Hispanics represent over half (55%) of all students in the city's school system while comprising only 30% of Providence's population.[41][39] For other uses, see Central America (disambiguation). ... Providence neighborhoods with Elmwood in red Elmwood is a neighborhood in southern Providence, Rhode Island. ... Providence neighborhoods with the West End in red The West End is a neighborhood in the southwestern part of Providence, Rhode Island. ... Providence neighborhoods with Upper South Providence in red Upper South Providence is an official neighborhood in the South Side in the city of Providence, Rhode Island. ... Providence neighborhoods with Lower South Providence in red The Lower South Side (or Lower South Providence) is a neighborhoods in southern Providence, Rhode Island. ...


In addition, Providence, like nearby Fall River, Massachusetts and New Bedford, Massachusetts, has a considerable population of immigrants from the Portuguese Empire, living mostly in the areas of Washington Park and Fox Point.[42][43][44] African Americans constitute approximately 15% of the city with the largest percentages in Mount Hope and Upper and Lower South Providence neighborhoods.[45][13] Asians are 6% of Providence's population and have enclaves scattered thoroughout the city.[45] Another 6% of the city has multiracial ancestry. Native Americans and Pacific Islanders make up the remaining 1.3%.[13] Nickname: Motto: Well Try Location in Bristol County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Bristol Settled 1670 Incorporated 1803 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Edward M. Lambert, Jr. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Bristol County Settled 1640 Incorporated 1787 Government  - Type Mayor-council  - Mayor Scott W. Lang (Dem)  - City Council President/Ward 6: Leo R. Pimental. ... An anachronous map of the Portuguese Empire (1415-1999). ... Providence neighborhoods with Fox Point in red Fox Point is a neighborhood in the East Side of Providence, RI. It is bounded by the Providence and Seekonk rivers, Interstate 195 and the College Hill and Wayland neighborhoods. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


The Providence metropolitan area, which includes Providence, Fall River, Massachusetts, and Warwick is estimated to be 1,622,520.[3] In 2006, this area was officially added to the Boston Combined Statistical Area (CSA), the fifth-largest CSA in the country. In last fifteen years, Providence has experienced a sizable growth in its under-18 population, attributed to the influx of Hispanics.[39] The median age of the city is 28 years, while the largest age cohort is comprised of 20 to 24 year olds owing to the city's large student population.[39][46] The Providence metropolitan area is a region covering eight counties in two states, and is the 35th largest metropolitan area in the United States. ... Nickname: Motto: Well Try Location in Bristol County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Bristol Settled 1670 Incorporated 1803 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Edward M. Lambert, Jr. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Warwick is a city in Kent County, Rhode Island, United States. ... Map of the Combined Statistical Areas of the United States and Puerto Rico Main article: Combined Statistical Area The following sortable table lists the 121 Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) of the United States. ... For other meanings see cohort In statistics and demography, a cohort is a group of subjects — most often humans from a given population — defined by a condition on their date of birth. ...


The per capita income, as of the 2000 census, was $15,525, which is well below both the state average of $29,113,[47] and the national average of $21,587.[48][13] The median income for a household was $26,867, and the median income for a family in Providence was $32,058, according to the 2000 census. The city has one of the highest rates of poverty in the nation with 29.1% of the population and 23.9% of families living below the poverty line in 2000, the largest concentrations being found in the city's Olneyville, and Upper and Lower South Providence areas.[49][7] Poverty affected children at a disproportionately higher rate with 40.1% of those under the age of 18 living below the poverty line, concentrated particularly west of downtown in the neighborhoods of Hartford, Federal Hill, and Olneyville.[49] The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ... Providence neighborhoods with Olneyville in red Olneyville Square is an area of Providence, Rhode Island, defined by the intersection of Westminster Street, Broadway, Plainfield Street, and Manton Avenue. ... Providence neighborhoods with Downtown in red Downtown, also known as Downcity, is the central economic, political, and cultural district of the city of Providence, Rhode Island. ... Providence neighborhoods with Hartford in red Hartford is a neighborhood located along the western edge of Providence, Rhode Island. ... Providence neighborhoods with Federal Hill in red The Federal Hill neighborhood is very significant in the history of Providence due to its central location within the city. ...


Crime

The rate of violent crime in the city has dropped for five consecutive years, running contrary to contemporaneous national trends in comparably-sized cities.[50][51] The city's 11 homicides in 2006 represented a historic low.[50] Averaged over three years, murders had highest concentrations in Olneyville and the West End neighborhoods.[52] Of the 239 United States cities over 100,000 in population, Providence's violent crime rate ranked 84th in 2003, as compared with New York City at 94th and Boston at 28th.[53] Notwithstanding its comparatively low rate of violent crime, the rate of property crime is 50% above the national average, with car theft in particular at 150% higher.[54]


David Cicilline, mayor since 2002, is a member of the Mayors Against Illegal Guns Coalition,[55] a bi-partisan group with the goal of reducing illegal gun ownership. The Coalition is co-chaired by Boston Mayor Thomas Menino and New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg. David Nicola Cicilline (born 1961) is the current Mayor of Providence, Rhode Island. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... The Mayors Against Illegal Guns Coalition is a coalition of mayors from 225 different United States cities, with a stated goal of making the public safer by getting illegal guns off the streets. ... In a two-party system (such as in the United States), bipartisan refers to any bill, act, resolution, or any other action of a political body in which both of the major political parties are in agreement. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... Thomas Michael Menino (born December 27, 1942) is the current mayor of Boston, Massachusetts, United States and the citys first Italian-American mayor. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Michael Rubens Bloomberg (born 14 February 1942) is an American businessman, founder of Bloomberg L.P., and the current Mayor of New York City. ...


Economy

Providence was one of the first cities to industrialize in the United States. By 1830, the city had manufacturing industries in metals, machinery, textiles, jewelry, and silverware. Though manufacturing has declined, the city is still one of the largest centers for jewelry and silverware design and manufacturing. Services, particularly education, health care, and finance, also make up a large portion of the city's economy. Providence also is the site of a sectional center facility, a regional hub for the U.S. Postal Service.[56] Since it is the capital of Rhode Island, Providence's economy additionally consists of government services. For the Korean music group, see Jewelry (group). ... Household silver (the silver) comprises dishware, cutlery and other household items made of sterling silver, usually bought in sets or combined to form sets, such as a set of silver candlesticks or a silver tea service. ... A Destination Sectional Center Facility (SCF) is a Processing and Distribution Center (P&DC) of the United States Postal Service (USPS) that serves a designated geographical area defined by one or more three-digit ZIP Code prefixes. ...

Data from City-Data.com[57]
Largest Providence employers[58][59]
Rank Employer Number of employees
1 Rhode Island Hospital[60] 5853
2 Brown University 4450
3 U.S. Postal Service 4000
4 Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island 2640
5 Miriam Hospital 1993
6 Bank of America 1725[61]
7 Verizon 1400
Textron's headquarters, One Financial Plaza, and the Rhode Island Hospital Trust building

The Fortune 500 conglomerate Textron and Fortune 1000 company Nortek Incorporated are both headquartered in the city, and GTECH's world headquarters has recently been moved to downtown Providence.[62] Citizens Bank is also headquartered in Providence.[63] Another company whose origins were in the city is Fleet Bank. Once Rhode Island's largest bank, it moved its headquarters to Boston, Massachusetts, after acquiring Shawmut Bank in 1995. Before its acquisition by Bank of America, Fleet merged with BankBoston to become New England's largest commercial bank. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Rhode Island Hospital is a private, not-for-profit hospital located in Providence, Rhode Island. ... Brown University is a private university located in Providence, Rhode Island. ... Bank of America (NYSE: BAC TYO: 8648) is the largest commercial bank in the United States in terms of deposits, and the largest company of its kind in the world. ... This article or section should include material from Bell Atlantic This article or section should include material from GTE Verizon Communications (NYSE: VZ) is a local exchange telephone company formed by the merger of Bell Atlantic, a former Bell Operating Company, and GTE, which was the largest independant local exchange... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 716 KB) Summary Textrons world headquarters at the Textron Tower, next to One Financial Plaza primarily used by Sovereign Bank and the Rhode Island Hospital Trust building in use by Rhode Island School of Design for dorms. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 716 KB) Summary Textrons world headquarters at the Textron Tower, next to One Financial Plaza primarily used by Sovereign Bank and the Rhode Island Hospital Trust building in use by Rhode Island School of Design for dorms. ... The Textron World Headquarters building (formerly known as the Old Stone Tower) is an International-style skyscraper in downtown Providence, RI. At 311 feet (95m), it stands as the 4th tallest building in the city and the state. ... The Sovereign Bank Tower, also known as One Financial Center, and fomerly known as the Hospital Trust Tower, and the Bank Boston Tower, is a International Style skyscraper in the heart of downtown Providence, Rhode Island. ... Founded in 1923 as the Special Yarns Company by Royal Little, Textron NYSE: TXT, today is a multi-industry company with a portfolio of familiar brands such as Bell Helicopter, E-Z-GO, Cessna Aircraft, and Greenlee, among others. ... GTech is a company based in West Greenwich, Rhode Island, in the United States. ... Citizens Financial Group, Inc. ... FleetBoston Financial was a Boston, Massachusetts-based bank created in 1999 by the merger of Fleet Financial Group and BankBoston. ... Boston redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Bank of America (NYSE: BAC TYO: 8648) is the largest commercial bank in the United States in terms of deposits, and the largest company of its kind in the world. ... BankBoston was a bank based in Boston, Massachusetts, created by the 1996 merger of BayBank and Bank of Boston. ...


The city is home to the Rhode Island Convention Center, which opened in December 1993.[64] Along with a hotel, the convention center is connected to the Providence Place Mall, a major retail center, through a skywalk.[64] The Port of Providence, the second largest deepwater seaport in New England,[58] handles cargo such as cement, chemicals, heavy machinery, petroleum, and scrap metal.[65] Providence Place with The Westin Providence at far left in the distance. ... A skyway is a path that is traversed without touching the ground. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Port. ...


Government

Providence City Hall in the Second Empire Baroque style

Providence serves as Rhode Island's capital, housing the Rhode Island Legislature as well as the offices of the Governor and the Lieutenant Governor in the Rhode Island State House. Image File history File linksMetadata Providencecityhall. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Providencecityhall. ... The canonical example of Second Empire style is the Opéra Garnier, in which Neo-Baroque meets Neo-Renaissance. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 993 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Rhode Islands state house at sunset. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 993 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Rhode Islands state house at sunset. ... North façade The Rhode Island State House, located in downtown Providence, Rhode Island, is the seat of government of the U.S. state of Rhode Island. ... The Rhode Island General Assembly is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Rhode Island. ... List of Rhode Island Governors Nicholas Cooke None 1775-1778 William Greene None 1778-1786 John Collins None 1786-1790 Arthur Fenner Anti-Federalist 1790-1805 Henry Smith Unknown 1805-1806 Isaac Wilbur Unknown 1806-1807 James Fenner Dem. ... The current Lieutenant Governor of Rhode Island in 2006 is Charles J. Fogarty. ... North façade The Rhode Island State House, located in downtown Providence, Rhode Island, is the seat of government of the U.S. state of Rhode Island. ...


Providence's city government has a mayor-council form of government. There are fifteen city councilors, one for each of the city's wards. The city council is tasked with enacting ordinances and passing an annual budget. Providence also has probate and superior courts. The U.S. District Court for the District of Rhode Island is located downtown across from City Hall adjacent to Kennedy Plaza. Mayor-Council government is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments in the United States. ... The United States District Court for the District of Rhode Island is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is comprised of the state of Rhode Island. ...


Vincent Cianci, Jr, who is commonly credited with Providence's 1990s renaissance, was the city's longest serving mayor and a major presence in Providence politics.[66] Nevertheless, during Operation Plunder Dome, Cianci was indicted in April 2001 on various federal criminal charges pertaining to racketeering, and was subsequently imprisoned. In 2002, David N. Cicilline was elected mayor in a landslide, making him the first openly gay mayor of an American state capital.[67] Providence is the largest American city to have an openly gay mayor.[67] Vincent Buddy Cianci, Jr. ... Operation Plunder Dome was the codename of an undercover investigation by the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) into corruption within the government of the City of Providence, Rhode Island. ... David Cicilline (born 1961) is Mayor of Providence, Rhode Island. ... GAY can mean: Gay, a term referring to homosexual men or women The IATA code for Gaya Airport Category: ...

See also: List of foreign consulates in Providence

Education

Postsecondary

Hope College and Manning Hall at Brown University

Seven of the fourteen institutions of higher learning in Rhode Island have campuses in Providence (city proper): Image File history File linksMetadata Manning_Chapel. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Manning_Chapel. ...

Between these schools the number of postsecondary students is approximately 44,000, or 25% the population of Providence.[68] Compounded by Brown University's being the second-largest employer,[58] higher education exerts in a considerable presence in the city's politics and economy. Brown University is a private university located in Providence, Rhode Island. ... For other uses, see Ivy League (disambiguation). ... // From its modest beginning with 325 students in 1964, to its present enrollment of more than 16,000 students, Community College of Rhode Island has grown to meet the goals of its founders. ... Johnson & Wales University (JWU, J&W) is a private, nonprofit, coeducational, career oriented university. ... This page refers to a college in Rhode Island. ... The Big East Conference is a collegiate athletics conference consisting of seventeen universities in the northeastern, southeastern and midwestern United States. ... Rhode Island College (commonly referred to as RIC) is a state-supported comprehensive college founded in 1854, located in Providence, Rhode Island, USA. Rhode Island College is the oldest of the three public institutions of higher education that operate under the aegis of the Board of Governors for Higher Education. ... The Rhode Island School of Design (RISD, pronounced /RIZ-dee/) is one of the premier fine arts institutions in the United States. ... The University of Rhode Island, commonly abbreviated as URI, is the principal public research university in the State of Rhode Island, with its main campus in Kingston, Rhode Island, and three other campuses located throughout the state. ...


Private and charter schools

Several private schools, including Moses Brown, the Lincoln School, and the Wheeler School, are in the city's East Side. La Salle Academy, a Catholic high school, is located in the Elmhurst area of the city near Providence College. The public charter schools Times Square Academy (K-12) and Textron Chamber of Commerce (9-12) are funded by GTECH and Textron respectively.[69] In addition, the city's South Side houses Community Preparatory School, a private school serving primarily low-income students in grades 3-8.[70] Moses Brown School is a Quaker school located in Providence, Rhode Island, founded by Moses Brown, a Quaker abolitionist, in 1784. ... Lincoln School is a college preparatory day school for girls nursery through twelfth grade, located in Providence, Rhode Island. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Providence neighborhoods with the East Side in red The Providence skyline from College Hill The East Side is a collection of neighborhoods in Providence, Rhode Island on the eponymous eastern part of the city. ... La Salle Academy is an independent co-ed Catholic college preparatory high school located in northern Providence, Rhode Island on the corner of Academy Avenue and Smith Street, about two miles west of the Rhode Island State House. ... This article is considered orphaned, since there are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Founded in 1923 as the Special Yarns Company by Royal Little, Textron NYSE: TXT, today is a multi-industry company with a portfolio of familiar brands such as Bell Helicopter, E-Z-GO, Cessna Aircraft, and Greenlee, among others. ...


Public schools

The Providence Public School District serves about 26,000 students from pre-Kindergarten to grade 12. The district has 25 elementary schools, nine middle schools, and thirteen high schools. The Providence Public School District features magnet schools at the middle and high school level, Nathanael Greene and Classical respectively. There are two centers for students with special needs.[71] The Providence Public School Department is administrative force behind the primary public school district of Providence, Rhode Island. ... In the U.S. system of education, a magnet school is a public school which offers innovative courses, specialized training, etc. ... Classical High School, founded in 1843, is a college-preparatory public in Providence, Rhode Island, United States. ...


Culture

The Providence Performing Arts Center
See also: Media in Providence

Much of Providence culture is synonymous with Rhode Island culture. Like the state, the city has a non-rhotic accent which can be heard on local media. Providence also shares Rhode Island's propensity for coffee, as the former has the most coffee/doughnut shops per capita of any city in the country.[72] Providence is also reputed to have the highest number of restaurants per capita,[73] many of which are founded and/or staffed by its own Johnson & Wales graduates.[74] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 2. ... The city of Providence, Rhode Island is served by the daily newspaper The Providence Journal, which is also available throughout Rhode Island and southeastern Massachusetts. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... English pronunciation is divided into two main accent groups, the rhotic and the non-rhotic, depending on when the letter r (equivalent to Greek rho) is pronounced. ...


Providence has several ethnic neighborhoods, notably Federal Hill and the North End (Italian),[75] Fox Point (Cape Verdean and Portuguese),[76] West End (mainly Central American and Asians),[77] and Smith Hill (Irish with miscellaneous enclaves of other groups).[78] There are also many dedicated community organizations and arts associations located in the city.[79] Providence neighborhoods with Federal Hill in red The Federal Hill neighborhood is very significant in the history of Providence due to its central location within the city. ... Providence neighborhoods with Charles in red Charles is a neighborhood in northern Providence, Rhode Island. ... Providence neighborhoods with Fox Point in red Fox Point is a neighborhood in the East Side of Providence, RI. It is bounded by the Providence and Seekonk rivers, Interstate 195 and the College Hill and Wayland neighborhoods. ... Providence neighborhoods with the West End in red The West End is a neighborhood in the southwestern part of Providence, Rhode Island. ... Providence neighborhoods with Smith Hill in red Smith Hill is a neighorhood in Providence, Rhode Island. ...


The city gained the reputation as one of the most active and growing LGBT communities in the Northeast;[80][81] the rate of reported gay and lesbian relationships is 75% higher than the national average[82] and Providence has been named among the "Best Lesbian Places to Live".[81] The current mayor, David Cicilline, won his election running as an openly gay man, making him the first openly gay mayor of a U.S. state capital.[67] Former Mayor Cianci instituted the position of Mayor's Liaison to the Gay and Lesbian community in the 1990s.[81] There are numerous social and community organizations supporting the gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender community. The initialism LGBT also GLBT is in use (since the 1990s) to refer collectively to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender people. ...

During the summer months, the city regularly hosts WaterFire, an environmental art installation that consists of about 100 bonfires that blaze just above the surface of the three rivers that pass through the middle of downtown Providence.[83] There are multiple Waterfire events that are accompanied by various pieces of classical and world music. The public art displays, most notably sculptures, change on a regular basis. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2080x1544, 1287 KB) Summary Brightened up version of this file already on wikipedia. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2080x1544, 1287 KB) Summary Brightened up version of this file already on wikipedia. ... The Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul is a catholic cathedral in Providence, Rhode Island and is the mother church of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Providence. ... WaterFire is an environmental art installation created by Barnaby Evans in Providence, Rhode Island. ... Nef pour quatorze reines by Rose-Marie Goulet, a memorial to the École Polytechnique Massacre, featuring sculptural elements integrated into a specially landscaped site Site specific art, also environmental art, is artwork created to exist in a certain place. ... Classical music is a broad, somewhat imprecise term, referring to music produced in, or rooted in the traditions of, European art, ecclesiastical and concert music, encompassing a broad period from roughly 1000 to the present day. ... World music is, most generally, all the music in the world. ...


The city is also the home of the Tony Award-winning theater group Trinity Repertory Company, the Providence Black Repertory Company, and the Rhode Island Philharmonic Orchestra.[84] Providence is also the home of several performing arts centers such as the Veterans Memorial Auditorium and the Providence Performing Arts Center. The city's underground music scene, centered around artist-run spaces such as the now-defunct Fort Thunder, is known in underground music circles.[85] What is popularly called the Tony Award® but is formally the Antoinette Perry Award is an annual American award celebrating achievements in theater, including musical theater. ... The Trinity Repertory Company is a regional theatre located in Providence, Rhode Island. ... The Mason Building is one of two monumental buildings in central Providence that have remained unfinished and abandoned for decades. ... Fort Thunder was a warehouse on the second floor of a pre-Civil War former textile factory in the Olneyville district of Providence, Rhode Island. ...

Fireworks at the State House during the 2006 4 July celebration

Image File history File links 20060703_Providence_State_House_Fireworks. ... Image File history File links 20060703_Providence_State_House_Fireworks. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Sites of interest

Old Stone Bank and Unitarian Church

Providence is home to an 1200-acre park system,[86] notably Waterplace Park and Riverwalk, Roger Williams Park, Roger Williams National Memorial, and Prospect Terrace Park, the latter featuring expansive views of the downtown area. The East Side neighborhood of Providence includes the largest contiguous area of buildings listed on the National Register of Historic Places in the U.S. featuring many pre-revolutionary houses.[87] Providence is home to the First Baptist Church in America, the oldest Baptist church in the Americas, founded by Roger Williams in 1638.[88] Nearby is Roger Williams National Memorial. Downcity Providence is home to the fourth largest unsupported dome in the world (the second largest marble dome after St. Peter's Basilica in Rome),[89] as well as the Westminster Arcade, which is the oldest enclosed shopping center in the U.S.[90][91] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 743 KB) Summary The Old Stone Bank building in the Greek Revival style next to the First Congregational Church, located in Providence, RI. Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 743 KB) Summary The Old Stone Bank building in the Greek Revival style next to the First Congregational Church, located in Providence, RI. Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify... Waterplace Park is an urban park situated in downtown Providence, Rhode Island. ... Roger Williams Park in southern Providence, Rhode Island is a city park featuring small lakes. ... Roger Williams National Memorial is a landscaped urban park on the site of the founding of Providence, Rhode Island by Roger Williams in 1636. ... View of downtown Providence from Prospect Terrace Park Prospect Terrace Park is a park located in the College Hill neighborhood of Providence, Rhode Island, which overlooks the city. ... The first Baptist church in America was that founded by Roger Williams at Providence in 1639. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Baptist is... Roger Williams could mean: Roger Williams University Roger Williams (theologian), co-founder of Rhode Island Roger Williams (soldier) Roger Williams (pianist), American pianist Roger Williams (UK politician), British politician Roger Williams (US politician), US Texas politician Roger Williams (hepatologist), a British liver specialist Roger Williams (trombonist) Roger Williams (activist) This... North façade The Rhode Island State House, located in downtown Providence, Rhode Island, is the seat of government of the U.S. state of Rhode Island. ... St. ... The Westminster Arcade or Providence Arcade (The Arcade, locally) is a historic shopping center in Providence, Rhode Island. ...


The main art museum is the Rhode Island School of Design Museum, which has the twentieth largest collection in the country.[92] The city's southern waterfront hosts a decommissioned Cold War era Russian submarine.[93] In addition to the Providence Public Library and its nine branches, the city is home to the Providence Athenæum, the fourth oldest library in the country.[94] Here, on one of his many visits to Providence, Edgar Allan Poe, met and courted a love interest.[95] Poe was a regular fixture there, as was H. P. Lovecraft; both of them influential writers of gothic literature in their time. Rhode Island School of Design Museum is a prominent art museum in Providence, Rhode Island affiliated with the well-known Rhode Island School of Design. ... K-77 was a project 651 (also known by its NATO reporting name of Juliett class) cruise-missile submarine of the Soviet Navy. ... Edgar Allan Poe (January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an American poet, short story writer, playwright, editor, literary critic, essayist and one of the leaders of the American Romantic Movement. ... This article is about the author. ... The gothic novel is an English literary genre, which can be said to have been born with The Castle of Otranto (1764) by Horace Walpole. ...


The Bank of America Skating Center, formerly the Fleet Skating Center, is located near Kennedy Plaza in the downtown district, connected by pedestrian tunnel to Waterplace Park, a cobblestone and concrete park below street traffic that abuts Providence's three rivers.[96][97] Bank of America (NYSE: BAC TYO: 8648) is the largest commercial bank in the United States in terms of deposits, and the largest company of its kind in the world. ... Waterplace Park is an urban park situated in downtown Providence, Rhode Island. ...


The southern part of the city is home to the famous roadside attraction Nibbles Woodaway (also known as the "Big Blue Bug"), the world's largest termite,[98] as well as the aforementioned Roger Williams Park, which contains a zoo, a botanical center, and the Museum of Natural History and Planetarium.[99] The Big Blue Bug, lit up for the holiday season The Big Blue Bug, also known as Nibbles Woodaway, is the giant termite mascot of New England Pest Control, located along I-95 in Providence, Rhode Island. ... Families Mastotermitidae Kalotermitidae Termopsidae Hodotermitidae Rhinotermitidae Serritermitidae Termitidae Termites, sometimes known as white ants, are a group of social insects usually classified at the taxonomic rank of order Isoptera. ... Giraffes in Sydneys Taronga Zoo A zoological garden, zoological park, or zoo is a facility in which animals are confined within enclosures and displayed to the public, and in which they may also be bred. ...


Sports

The city is home to the American Hockey League team Providence Bruins, which plays at the Dunkin' Donuts Center (formerly the Providence Civic Center). From 1926 to 1972, the AHL's Providence Reds (renamed the Rhode Island Reds in their last years)[100] played at the Rhode Island Auditorium. In 1972, the team relocated to the Providence Civic Center, where they played until moving to Binghamton, New York, in 1977. The American Hockey League (AHL) is a professional ice hockey league in North America, that serves as the primary developmental circuit for the National Hockey League (NHL). ... The Providence Bruins are an ice hockey team in the American Hockey League. ... The Dunkin Donuts Center is an indoor arena located in Providence, Rhode Island. ... The Dunkin Donuts Center is an indoor arena located in Providence, Rhode Island. ... The Reds logo used from 1972 until 1977. ... Rhode Island Auditorium was an indoor arena in Providence, Rhode Island, on North Main Street. ... The Dunkin Donuts Center is an indoor arena located in Providence, Rhode Island. ... This article is about the City of Binghamton, New York. ... This article is about the state. ...


Providence has its own roller derby league. Formed in 2004, it currently has four teams: the Providence Mob Squad, the Sakonnet River Roller Rats, the Old Money Honeys, and the Rhode Island Riveters. The NFL's New England Patriots and MLS's New England Revolution play in Foxborough, Massachusetts, which is situated halfway between Providence and Boston. Providence was formerly home to two major league franchises: the NFL's Providence Steam Roller in the 1920s and 1930s, and the NBA's Providence Steamrollers in the 1940s. The city is also where Rocky Marciano won 29 of his 49 fights.[101] For the skate brand of the same name, see Roller Derby (brand). ... NFL redirects here. ... City Foxborough, Massachusetts Other nicknames The Pats Team colors Nautical Blue, New Century Silver, Red, and White Head Coach Bill Belichick Owner Robert Kraft General manager Bill Belichick (de facto) Mascot Pat Patriot League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–69) Eastern Division (1960–69) National Football League (1970–present... Major League Soccer (MLS) is a professional soccer league with teams in the United States and Canada. ... Year founded 1995 League Major League Soccer Nickname Revolution, Revs Stadium Gillette Stadium Foxborough, MA Coach Steve Nicol, 2002— Owner Robert Kraft First Game Tampa Bay Mutiny 3–2 New England Revolution (Tampa Stadium; April 13, 1996) Largest Win New England Revolution 6–1 Colorado Rapids (Gillette Stadium; September 18... Location in Norfolk County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Norfolk Settled 1704 Incorporated 1778 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Town  20. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The Providence Steam Roller (also referred to as the Providence Steam Rollers, the Providence Steamroller and the Providence Steamrollers) was a professional American football team based in Providence, Rhode Island in the National Football League from 1925 to 1931. ... NBA redirects here. ... Steamrollers Logo The Providence Steamrollers were a National Basketball Association team based in Providence, Rhode Island. ... Rocky Marciano (September 1, 1923 – August 31, 1969), born Rocco Francis Marchegiano, was the heavyweight champion of the world from 1952 to 1956. ...


The city's defunct baseball team, the Providence Grays, competed in the National League from 1879 through 1885. The team defeated the New York Metropolitans in baseball's first successful "world championship series" in 1884.[102] In 1914, after the Boston Red Sox purchased Babe Ruth from the then-minor league Baltimore Orioles, the team prepared Ruth for the major leagues by sending him to finish the season playing for a minor league team in Providence that was also known as the Grays. Today, professional baseball is offered by the Pawtucket Red Sox, the AAA affiliate of the Boston Red Sox which plays in nearby Pawtucket. Most baseball fans — along with the local media — tend to follow the Boston Red Sox.[103] The Providence Grays were a 19th century baseball team. ... For other uses, see National League (disambiguation). ... The Metropolitan Club (the New York Metropolitans or the Mets) was a 19th century professional baseball team that played from 1880 to 1887. ... 1884 World Series Champion Providence Grays 1884 World Series News Clipping Although the Fall Classic as we know it didnt begin until 1903, Major League Baseball had several versions of a post-season championship series before that. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 4, 8, 9, 27, 42 Name Boston Red Sox (1908–present) Boston Americans (1901-1907) Other nicknames The BoSox, The Olde Towne Team, The Sox Ballpark Fenway Park (1912–present) Huntington Avenue Baseball Grounds... This article is about the baseball player. ... The city of Baltimore, Maryland has been home to several major league and minor league teams called the Baltimore Orioles. ... Class-Level Triple-A (1973-Present) Double-A (1970-1972) Minor League affiliations International League North Division Eastern League (1970-1972) Major League affiliation Boston Red Sox (1970-Present) Current uniform Name Pawtucket Red Sox (1970-Present) Ballpark McCoy Stadium (1970-Present) Minor League titles League titles 1973, 1984 Division... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 4, 8, 9, 27, 42 Name Boston Red Sox (1908–present) Boston Americans (1901-1907) Other nicknames The BoSox, The Olde Towne Team, The Sox Ballpark Fenway Park (1912–present) Huntington Avenue Baseball Grounds... Pawtucket is a city in Providence County, Rhode Island, United States. ...


Major colleges and universities fielding NCAA Division I athletic teams are Brown University and Providence College. The latter is a member of the Big East Conference. Much local hype is associated with games between these two schools or the University of Rhode Island. Providence has also hosted the Gravity Games alternative sports tournament during several recent summers, and was also the first host of ESPN's X Games, known in its first edition as the Extreme Games. Brown University is a private university located in Providence, Rhode Island. ... This page refers to a college in Rhode Island. ... The Big East Conference is a collegiate athletics conference consisting of seventeen universities in the northeastern, southeastern and midwestern United States. ... The University of Rhode Island, commonly abbreviated as URI, is the principal public research university in the State of Rhode Island, with its main campus in Kingston, Rhode Island, and three other campuses located throughout the state. ... Gravity Games is a multi-sport competition, broken down into Winter and Summer versions, which feature a variety of extreme sports such as skateboarding and BMX freestyle (during the summer) and snowboarding (during the winter). ... ESPN, formerly an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an American cable television network dedicated to broadcasting and producing sports-related programming 24 hours a day. ... For the computer game series named X, see X (computer game series). ...


Infrastructure

Health and medicine

Providence from downtown exit ramp off I-95

Providence is home to Rhode Island Hospital, the largest general acute care hospital in the state.[104] The hospital is in a complex along I-95 that includes Hasbro Children's Hospital and Women and Infants Hospital. The city is also home to the Roger Williams Medical Center, St. Joseph Hospital For Specialty Care (a division of St. Joseph Health Services Of Rhode Island), and The Miriam Hospital, a major teaching affiliate associated with Brown University. A VA medical center is located in Providence, as well as seven other hospitals. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 677 KB) Summary Providence from Downtown exit off interstate 95. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 677 KB) Summary Providence from Downtown exit off interstate 95. ... Rhode Island Hospital is a private, not-for-profit hospital located in Providence, Rhode Island. ... Interstate 95 is 42 miles long in the state of Rhode Island. ... Brown University is a private university located in Providence, Rhode Island. ... The United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is a government-run military veteran benefit system with Cabinet-level status. ... Here is a list of hospitals in the U.S. state of Rhode Island. ...


Providence is home to the Quality Assurance Review Center (QARC), which performs thousands of radiotherapy reviews per year. QARC is supported by grants from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH). It receives radiotherapy data from around one-thousand hospitals in both the United States and abroad. Over thirty-thousand cases have been reviewed at QARC since its inception in 1977.[105] The center also maintains a strategic affiliation with the University of Massachusetts Medical School in Worcester, Massachusetts. The Quality Assurance Review Center (QARC) is a publicly funded, not-for-profit healthcare organization located in Providence, Rhode Island. ... Radiation therapy (or radiotherapy) is the medical use of ionizing radiation as part of cancer treatment to control malignant cells (not to be confused with radiology, the use of radiation in medical imaging and diagnosis). ... The National Cancer Institute (NCI) is part of the United States Federal governments National Institutes of Health. ... National Institutes of Health Building 50 at NIH Clinical Center - Building 10 The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is an agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services and is the primary agency of the United States government responsible for biomedical research. ... A hospital today is an institution for professional health care provided by physicians and nurses. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... The University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMMS) is one of five campuses of the University of Massachusetts (UMass) system and is home to three schools: the #School of Medicine, the #Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, the #Graduate School of Nursing; a thriving #biomedical research enterprise; and a range of #public... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Worcester County Settled 1673 Incorporated 1684 Government  - Type Council-manager also known as Plan E  - City Manager Michael V. OBrien  - Mayor Konstantina B. Lukes  - City Council Dennis L. Irish Michael C. Perotto Joseph M. Petty Gary Rosen Kathleen... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


The Rhode Island Blood Center has its main headquarters in Providence. Since 1979, the Rhode Island Blood Center has been the sole organization in charge of blood collection and testing and distribution of blood products to 11 hospitals in Rhode Island. Give blood redirects here. ... A blood bank is a cache or bank of blood or blood components, gathered as a result of blood donation, stored and preserved for later use in blood transfusions. ...


Transportation

RIPTA buses in front of Providence City Hall

Providence is served by air primarily by the commercial airfield T. F. Green Airport in nearby Warwick. The general aviation fields North Central State Airport, in neighboring Lincoln, Rhode Island and Smithfield, Rhode Island, and Quonset State Airport in North Kingstown, Rhode Island also serve the region. Due to overcrowding and Big Dig complications in Boston, Massport has been promoting T.F. Green as an alternative to Boston's Logan International Airport.[106] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 365 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 935 pixel, file size: 530 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Providences train station, built 1988. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 365 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 935 pixel, file size: 530 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Providences train station, built 1988. ... Providence Station is a railroad station in Providence, Rhode Island and is served by Amtrak and the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. ... Image File history File links Providence_CityHall. ... Image File history File links Providence_CityHall. ... Runway layout at PVD T. F. Green Airport (IATA: PVD, ICAO: KPVD, FAA LID: PVD), also known as Theodore Francis Green State Airport, is a public airport located in Warwick, six miles (10 km) south of Providence, in Kent County, Rhode Island, USA. Dedicated in 1931, the airport was named... Warwick is a city in Kent County, Rhode Island, United States. ... General aviation (abbr. ... Aerial View of North Central State Airport North Central State Airport is a general aviation airport located in Lincoln and Smithfield, Rhode Island. ... Image:RI towns Lincoln. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... // The town was first settled in the 1600s as a farming community and named after Smithfield, London. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Aerial View of Quonset State Airport Quonset State Airport is a public use general aviation airport located in Quonset, Rhode Island. ... The Gilbert Stuart Birthplace is located in Saunderstown, a village of North Kingstown. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other projects of the same name, see Big Dig. ... Massachusetts Port Authority, or Massport, is an independent agency of the state of Massachusetts. ... For the Logan airport in Billings, Montana, see Billings Logan International Airport. ...


Providence Station, located between the Rhode Island State House and the downtown district, is served by Amtrak[107] and MBTA Commuter Rail services, with a commuter rail running to Boston.[108] Approximately 2400 passengers daily pass through the station.[109][110] Additionally, funds have been allocated to extend the commuter rail from Providence to T. F. Green Airport terminating at a $222.5 million intermodal station to be completed in 2009.[111] The Amtrak station in Providence, Rhode Island is served by Amtrak and the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. ... North façade The Rhode Island State House, located in downtown Providence, Rhode Island, is the seat of government of the U.S. state of Rhode Island. ... The high-speed Acela Express in West Windsor, New Jersey. ... The MBTA Commuter Rail is the regional rail arm of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. ... T. F. Green Airport Station is an intermodal station under development in Warwick, Rhode Island on the Northeast Corridor, extending the Attleboro/Stoughton Line south from Providence. ...


I-95 runs from north to south through Providence while I-195 connects the city to eastern Rhode Island and southeastern Massachusetts, including New Bedford, Massachusetts, and Cape Cod. I-295 encircles Providence while RI 146 provides a direct connection with Worcester, Massachusetts. The city has commissioned and begun a long-term project, the Iway, to move I-195 not only for safety reasons, but also to free up land and to reunify the Jewelry District with Downcity Providence, which had been split from one another by the highway.[112] The project is estimated to cost $446 million and be completed in 2012.[113] Interstate 95 is 42 miles long in the state of Rhode Island. ... Looking east at I-195 in Providence, Rhode Island around 1959. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Bristol County Settled 1640 Incorporated 1787 Government  - Type Mayor-council  - Mayor Scott W. Lang (Dem)  - City Council President/Ward 6: Leo R. Pimental. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the area of Massachusetts known as Cape Cod. For other uses, see Cape Cod (disambiguation). ... The 26. ... Categories: Rhode Island State Highways ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Worcester County Settled 1673 Incorporated 1684 Government  - Type Council-manager also known as Plan E  - City Manager Michael V. OBrien  - Mayor Konstantina B. Lukes  - City Council Dennis L. Irish Michael C. Perotto Joseph M. Petty Gary Rosen Kathleen... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The signature bridge of the Iway project from across Narragansett Bay Iway is the $446 million project by the Rhode Island Department of Transportation (RIDOT) to relocate the I-195 and I-95 intersection in Providence, Rhode Island, USA[1] The view of the bridge from the east bound lanes...


Kennedy Plaza, in downtown Providence, serves as a transportation hub for local public transit as well as a departure point for Peter Pan[114] and Greyhound[115] bus lines. Public transit is managed by Rhode Island Public Transit Authority (RIPTA).[116] Through RIPTA alone Kennedy Plaza serves over 71,000 people a day.[117] The majority of the area covered by RIPTA is served by traditional buses. Of particular note is the East Side Trolley Tunnel running under College Hill, the use of which is reserved for RIPTA buses. RIPTA also operates the Providence LINK, a system of tourist trolleys in downtown Providence, as well as a ferry to Newport between May and October. The recently renovated Kennedy Plaza in front of the Providence City Hall Kennedy Plaza is a transportation hub in downtown Providence, Rhode Island. ... Peter Pan Bus Lines is a long-distance bus carrier that operates in the northeastern states of the United States. ... Greyhound Lines is the largest inter-city common carrier of passengers by bus in North America , serving 2,200 destinations in the United States. ... The Rhode Island Public Transit Authority (RIPTA) provides public transportation, primarily buses, in the state of Rhode Island. ... The East Side Trolley Tunnel is a tunnel in Providence, Rhode Island, originally built for trolley use in 1913 and is still in use by RIPTA for bus routes. ... Tourist trolley in Monrovia, California. ... Newport, Rhode Island Newport is a city in Newport County, Rhode Island, United States, about 30 miles (48 km) south of Providence. ...

Early construction on the Iway 195 relocation project from across the Narragansett Bay

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,816 × 2,112 pixels, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,816 × 2,112 pixels, file size: 1. ... The signature bridge of the Iway project from across Narragansett Bay Iway is the $446 million project by the Rhode Island Department of Transportation (RIDOT) to relocate the I-195 and I-95 intersection in Providence, Rhode Island, USA[1] The view of the bridge from the east bound lanes... Narragansett Bay, shown in pink. ...

Utilities

Electricity and natural gas are provided by Narragansett Electric Company which is owned by National Grid USA.[118] Providence Water is responsible for the distribution of drinking water, ninety percent of which comes from the Scituate Reservoir about ten miles west of downtown, with contributions coming from four smaller bodies of water.[119] [120] A portion of the Art Deco Niagara-Mohawk Power building façade, Syracuse, New York National Grid USA (NGUSA) is a utility in the United States. ... The Scituate Reservoir is the largest body of water in the state of Rhode Island. ...


Sister cities

Providence has four sister cities designated by Sister Cities International:[121] Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ... Sister Cities International is a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting and fostering town twinning, especially between cities in the United States and cities in other countries. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_Cambodia. ... Phnom Penh (Khmer: ; official Romanization: Phnum Pénh; IPA: ) is the largest, most populous and capital city of Cambodia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... This article is about the city in Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Latvia. ... For other uses, see Riga (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Dominican_Republic. ... It has been suggested that Greater Santo Domingo Area be merged into this article or section. ...

See also

The following is a list of notable people from Providence, Rhode Island. ... The current skyline of Providence, showing (from left to right) One Financial Plaza, 50 Kennedy Plaza, and the Bank of America Building The city of Providence, Rhode Island is home to several high-rise buildings. ... Providence neighborhoods with major highways shown The Providence Skyline viewed from College Hill The city of Providence, Rhode Island has 25 official neighborhoods. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Providence: Introduction. Advameg, Inc.. Retrieved on 2007-06-05.
  2. ^ The US Census estimates Worcester, Massachusetts to have overtaken Providence in 2006 by 199 people. Though this is well within the margin of error, this article, Worcester, Massachusetts, and List of United States cities by population uses the 2006 estimates for purposes of ranking. The New England article, however, ranks by 2000 Census, which places Providence as second largest.
  3. ^ a b U.S Census Bureau July 1, 2005 Population Estimates. US Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2007-03-22.
  4. ^ stats.bls.gov May 2006 OEC Metropolitan Statistical Area definitions. US Department of Labor. Retrieved on 2007-06-09.
  5. ^ Population Estimates for Places over 100,000: 2000 to 2006. US Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2007-06-29.
  6. ^ Leazes et. al (2004). Providence, The Renaissance City. Northeastern University Press. ISBN 1555536042. 
  7. ^ a b Bishaw, Alemayehu, and John Iceland (May 2003). Poverty 1999 - U.S. Census Brief 2000 (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2007-01-17.
  8. ^ nndb.com Roger Williams. Soylent Communications. Retrieved on 2007-06-09.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i Three and One-Half Centuries at a Glance. City of Providence, Rhode Island (May 2002). Retrieved on 2006-01-17.
  10. ^ May, Allan (2007). All About the Providence Mob. Court TV Crime Library. Retrieved on 2007-01-24.
  11. ^ Lynn Arditi. projo.com Condo supplies risings as prices drop. Providence Journal. Retrieved on 2007-06-09.
  12. ^ Daniel Barbarisi. projo.com Hunger for Hotels. Providence Journal. Retrieved on 2007-06-09.
  13. ^ a b c d e census.gov Providence City, Rhode Island. US Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2007-06-09.
  14. ^ cnnmoney.com Money Magazine: Best Places to Live: Home Appreciation. Cable News Network LP, LLLP.
  15. ^ Providence: Geography and Climate. Advameg, Inc.. Retrieved on 2007-06-05.
  16. ^ Providence Neighborhoods. City of Providence. Retrieved on 2007-01-17.
  17. ^ Providence Neighborhood Profiles Alternative Neighborhood Names. The Providence Plan (2007). Retrieved on 2007-01-31.
  18. ^ West Broadway Neighborhood Association. WBNA. Retrieved on 2007-07-30.
  19. ^ bikesatwork.com Carfree Database Results. Bikes At Work Inc.. Retrieved on 2007-06-05. Out of cities over 100,000 in population
  20. ^ bikesatwork.com Carfree Database Results. Bikes At Work Inc.. Retrieved on 2007-06-05. Out of cities over 100,000 in population
  21. ^ Albert J. Wright. rootsweb.com History of the State of Rhode Island with Illustrations. USGenWeb Project. Retrieved on 2007-06-06.
  22. ^ Woodward, William McKenzie (2003). PPS/AIAri Guide to Providence Architecture. Providence, RI: Providence Preservation Society, 13. ISBN 0-9742847-0-X. 
  23. ^ Bank of America Building, Providence. Emporis (2007). Retrieved on 2007-01-19.
  24. ^ One Financial Plaza. Emporis (2006). Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  25. ^ Providence Buildings, Real Estate, Architecture, Skyscrapers, and Construction Database. Emporis (2005). Retrieved on 2005-11-07.
  26. ^ History: A Rhode Island Tradition. The Providence Biltimore. Retrieved on 2007-07-11.
  27. ^ Woodward, William McKenzie (2003). PPS/AIAri Guide to Providence Architecture. Providence, RI: Providence Preservation Society, 227. ISBN 0-9742847-0-X. 
  28. ^ USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map. US Department of Agriculture - The United States National Arboretum (March 2, 2006). Retrieved on 2007-01-19.
  29. ^ Rhode Island ISDA Hardiness Zone Map. growit.com (2000). Retrieved on 2007-01-19.
  30. ^ a b c d Monthly average temperatures and precipitation. The Weather Channel (2007). Retrieved on 2007-01-17.
  31. ^ Providence Weather: Records and Averages. Yahoo! Weather (2005). Retrieved on 2005-09-13.
  32. ^ Monthly average temperatures and precipitation. The Weather Channel (2007). Retrieved on 2007-01-17.
  33. ^ a b Gibson, Campbell (June 1998). Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990. U.S. Census Bureau - Population Division. Retrieved on 2007-01-17.
  34. ^ Rank by Population of the 100 Largest Urban Places, Listed Alphabetically by State: 1790-1990. U.S. Census Bureau (January 12, 2007). Retrieved on 2007-01-17.
  35. ^ Providence. U.S. Census Bureau (June 20, 2006). Retrieved on 2007-01-17.
  36. ^ Providence (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau. US Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2007-01-18.
  37. ^ providenceri.com Federal Hill. City of Providence. Retrieved on 2007-06-10.
  38. ^ Providence — Ancestry & Family History. ePodunk Inc.. Retrieved on 2007-06-19.
  39. ^ a b c d provplan.org Information and Data — People & Demographics. The Providence Plan. Retrieved on 2007-06-06.
  40. ^ a b c Geographic Concentration of the Latino Population (PDF). Retrieved on 2007-06-10.
  41. ^ The Providence Public School Department and The University of Rhode Island Partnership (PDF) 2. Southern Regional Education Board. Retrieved on 2007-06-05.
  42. ^ providenceri.com Fox Point. City of Providence. Retrieved on 2007-06-10.
  43. ^ provplan.org Washington Park. The Providence Plan. Retrieved on 2007-06-10.
  44. ^ Manie Marcuss and Ricardo Borgos. Who are New England's Immigrants? (PDF). Federal Reserve Bank of Boston. Retrieved on 2007-06-06.
  45. ^ a b provplan.org Maps & Rankings: People. The Providence Plan. Retrieved on 2007-06-10.
  46. ^ providence.areaconnect.com Providence Population and Demographics. MDNH, Inc.. Retrieved on 2007-06-05.
  47. ^ infoplease.com Per Capital Personal Income by State. HighBeam Research, LLC. Retrieved on 2007-06-10.
  48. ^ U.S. Summary: 2000 (PDF) 4. US Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2007-06-10.
  49. ^ a b provplan.org Maps & Rankings: Economics. The Providence Plan. Retrieved on 2007-06-10.
  50. ^ a b Gregory Smith. Violent crime falls sharply in Providence. Providence Journal. Retrieved on 2007-06-11.
  51. ^ Providence Police and Roger Williams Co-Host Conference on Reducing New England's Violent Crime. Retrieved on 2007-06-11.
  52. ^ murder (PDF). The Providence Plan. Retrieved on 2007-06-11.
  53. ^ Crime & Public Safety: Crime in Providence. The Providence Plan. Retrieved on 2007-06-11.
  54. ^ Providence Crime Statistics (RI). cityrating.com. Retrieved on 2007-06-11.
  55. ^ Mayors Against Illegal Guns: Coalition Members. Mayors Against Illegal Guns. Retrieved on 2007-06-17.
  56. ^ Sectional Center Facility Chart. Act One Lists. Retrieved on 2007-06-16.
  57. ^ Providence Economy. City-Data.com. Advameg Inc. (2007). Retrieved on 2007-03-13.
  58. ^ a b c Providence: Economy — Major Industries and Commercial Activity. City-Data.com. Advameg Inc.. Retrieved on 2007-06-03.
  59. ^ Best Places to Live: Providence, RI. Cable News Network LP, LLLP (2007). Retrieved on 2007-01-17.
  60. ^ Figure includes Hasbro Children's Hospital as part of Rhode Island Hospital
  61. ^ (Providence only)
  62. ^ GTECH Corporation - Company Fact Sheet. GTECH Corporation. Retrieved on 2007-06-05.
  63. ^ Citizens Bank - History Ownership and History. Citizens Financial Group. Retrieved on 2007-06-05.
  64. ^ a b riconvention.com Rhode Island Convention Center - About Us?. Rhode Island Convention Center. Retrieved on 2007-06-05.
  65. ^ About Us. ProvPort, Inc. - Port of Providence (2007). Retrieved on 2007-03-01.
  66. ^ Mike Stanton. businessweek.com A Little Caesar with a Big Footprint. Business Week. Retrieved on 2007-06-10.
  67. ^ a b c Dahir, Mubarak (December 24, 2002). "Leading Providence: David Cicilline becomes the first openly gay mayor of a U.S. state capital - Politics". The Advocate. FindArticles. Retrieved on 2007-01-20. 
  68. ^ This figure is calculated as the sum of individually given figures from school websites, see: brown.edu facts about Brown University. Brown University. Retrieved on 2007-06-05., General Information about CCRI. Community College of Rhode Island. Retrieved on 2007-06-05. (Note: exact figures for Providence Campuses were unavailable. For this estimate two fifths of the total student body were approximated to go to two of the five campuses_, johnsonandwales.edu Johnson & Wales Providence. Johnson & Wales University. Retrieved on 2007-06-05., providence.edu Providence College - Fast Facts. Providence College. Retrieved on 2007-06-05., ric.edu about RIC. Rhode Island College. Retrieved on 2007-06-05., risd.edu RISD: About RISD. Rhode Island School of Design. Retrieved on 2007-06-05., and uri.edu About US. University of Rhode Island. Retrieved on 2007-06-05.
  69. ^ The Providence Public School District at a Glance (PDF). Providenceschools.org. Retrieved on 2007-06-11.
  70. ^ communityprep.org About CPS. Community Preparatory School. Retrieved on 2007-06-10.
  71. ^ About the Student Body. Providence Schools. Retrieved on 2007-06-10.
  72. ^ Patinkin, Mark (August 10, 2004). Chewing over why we love doughnut shops. The Providence Journal. Retrieved on 2007-01-20.
  73. ^ of major U.S cities
  74. ^ citytowninfo.com Providence, RI. Retrieved on 2007-06-05.
  75. ^ providenceri.com Charles. City of Providence. Retrieved on 2007-06-09.
  76. ^ providenceri.com Fox Point. City of Providence. Retrieved on 2007-06-09.
  77. ^ providenceri.com West End. City of Providence. Retrieved on 2007-06-09.
  78. ^ providenceri.com Smith Hil. City of Providence. Retrieved on 2007-06-09.
  79. ^ Three and One-Half Centuries at a Glance. History & Facts: America's Renaissance City. The City of Providence, Rhode Island (2002). Retrieved on 2007-01-17.
  80. ^ Link, Matthew (2007). Providence, R.I.: The gayest city you've driven right past. PLANETOUT INC.. Retrieved on 2007-01-17.
  81. ^ a b c K. Alexa Mavromatis. sodomylaws.org Gay Business Comfortable in R.I.. Retrieved on 2007-06-09.
  82. ^ epodunk.co Providence, RI (Providence County) - city gay Index - ePodunk. ePodunk Inc.. Retrieved on 2007-06-09.
  83. ^ waterfire.org About. waterfire.org. Retrieved on 2007-06-09.
  84. ^ Providence, Rhode Island RI, city profile (Providence County). ePodunk Inc.. Retrieved on 2007-06-09.
  85. ^ Fox, Andrew (August 30, 2006). Keys to the Underground. Boston Phoenix. Retrieved on 2007-01-24.
  86. ^ Parks Department. City of Providence. Retrieved on 2007-11-08.
  87. ^ visitnewengland.com/ Cities of New England. Mystic Media, Inc. and Visit New England. Retrieved on 2007-06-10.
  88. ^ History Book. fbcia.org. Retrieved on 2007-06-10.
  89. ^ Rhode Island Facts and Figures. State of Rhode Island General Assembly. Retrieved on 2007-01-20.
  90. ^ from Providence Journal 32-story condo tower would hold R.I.'s highest homes��. Providence Journal (2007). Retrieved on 2007-06-10.
  91. ^ Rhode Island State House. Emporis (2007). Retrieved on 2007-01-17.
  92. ^ risd.edu Museum: Membership. Rhode Island School of Design. Retrieved on 2007-06-10.
  93. ^ Russian Sub in Providence. City of Providence. Retrieved on 2007-07-01.
  94. ^ America's Fourth Oldest Library and Providence's Oldest Cultural Institution. Providence Athenaem. Retrieved on 2007-06-10.
  95. ^ Providence Athenaem. Fodor's Travel. Retrieved on 2007-08-16.
  96. ^ Bank of America City Center. providenceskating.com. Retrieved on 2007-06-10.
  97. ^ Lisa Palmer. pps.org Riverwalk & Waterplace Park - Great Public Spaces. Project for Public Spaces, Inc.. Retrieved on 2007-06-10.
  98. ^ bluebug.com Who We Are. New England Pest Control. Retrieved on 2007-06-10.
  99. ^ rogerwilliamsparkzoo.org RWP Zoo: About he Zoo. Roger Willliams Park Zoo and RI Zoological Society. Retrieved on 2007-06-10.
  100. ^ Providence Reds. A to Z Encyclopedia of Ice Hockey (October 4, 2005). Retrieved on 2005-11-09.
  101. ^ Eisele, Andrew (2007). Rocky Marciano. About.com. Retrieved on 2007-01-17.
  102. ^ About Our Project. providencegrays.org. Retrieved on 2007-06-10.
  103. ^ Boston Red Sox. Providence Journal. Retrieved on 2007-06-10.
  104. ^ Rhode Island Hospital. Lifespan (2007). Retrieved on 2007-01-20.
  105. ^ History. Quality Assurance Review Center. Retrieved on 2007-01-20.
  106. ^ Massport: Regional Airports:T.F. Green T.F.Green. Massport. Retrieved on 2007-06-05.
  107. ^ Amtrak - Stations - Providence, RI (PVD) Providence, RI (PVD). Amtrak. Retrieved on 2007-06-05.
  108. ^ MBTA > Schedules & Maps > Commuter Rail > Providence Schedules & Maps. Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. Retrieved on 2007-06-05.
  109. ^ Amtrak Background Information Facts (PDF) 2. Amtrak. Retrieved on 2007-06-06.
  110. ^ Chapter 11: Commuter Rail (PDF) 2. srpedd.org. Retrieved on 2007-06-06.
  111. ^ RIDOT News - RIAC breaks ground on Warwick Intermodal Facility RIAC breaks ground on Warwick Intermodal Facility. Retrieved on 2007-06-05.
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  114. ^ Tickets - Terminal Listings. Peter Pan Bus LInes. Retrieved on 2007-06-05.
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Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Worcester County Settled 1673 Incorporated 1684 Government  - Type Council-manager also known as Plan E  - City Manager Michael V. OBrien  - Mayor Konstantina B. Lukes  - City Council Dennis L. Irish Michael C. Perotto Joseph M. Petty Gary Rosen Kathleen... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Worcester County Settled 1673 Incorporated 1684 Government  - Type Council-manager also known as Plan E  - City Manager Michael V. OBrien  - Mayor Konstantina B. Lukes  - City Council Dennis L. Irish Michael C. Perotto Joseph M. Petty Gary Rosen Kathleen... Ten most populous cities in the United States Los Angeles San Jose San Diego Phoenix Chicago New York City Houston San Antonio Dallas Philadelphia The following is a list of the most populous incorporated places in the United States. ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 81st day of the year (82nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 192nd day of the year (193rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 168th day of the year (169th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 154th day of the year (155th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 146th day of the year (147th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • EDC Profile City of Providence. Rhode Island Economic Development Corporation (2006).
  • Samantha Cook, Greg Ward, Tim Perry (2004). "Providence", The Rough Guide USA. Rough Guides, 243-247. ISBN 1-84353-262-X. 
  • Rich, Wilbur C. (2000). "Vincent Cianci and Boosterism in Providence, Rhode Island", Governing Middle-Sized Cities. Lynne Rienner Publishers, 197-216. ISBN 1-55587-870-9. 

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  • The City of Providence website
  • Greater Providence Chamber of Commerce
  • Providence Warwick Convention & Visitors Bureau
  • The Providence Plan
  • Providence travel guide from Wikitravel

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Providence, Rhode Island - definition of Providence, Rhode Island in Encyclopedia (1012 words)
Providence is the capital and largest city in Rhode Island, a state of the United States of America.
Providence was named by Roger Williams in honor of "God's merciful Providence" in his finding this spot to settle when expelled by the Puritans from Massachusetts.
Providence's population had exceeded 4,300 citizens by 1776, and Providence was able to avoid occupation by British soldiers during the Revolutionary War, though the city did suffer major interruptions in education and trade as a result of its location and facility as quarters for many troops passing through the area.
Providence, Rhode Island - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3613 words)
During this period, Providence's population had exceeded 4,300 citizens by 1776, and Providence was able to avoid occupation by British soldiers during the American Revolutionary War, though the city did suffer major interruptions in education and trade as a result of its location and facility as quarters for many troops passing through the area.
Providence is located at the head of Narragansett Bay, with the Providence River running into the bay through the center of the city.
Providence is the home of the prestigious Brown University, an Ivy League university, and the Rhode Island School of Design (RISD), one of the world's top art colleges.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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