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Encyclopedia > Protest
Demonstrators march in the street while protesting the World Bank and International Monetary Fund on April 16, 2005.
Demonstrators march in the street while protesting the World Bank and International Monetary Fund on April 16, 2005.
March 15, 2003, peace protest in Montreal.
March 15, 2003, peace protest in Montreal.
Protesters outside the Hotel Washington during the Million Worker March.
Protesters outside the Hotel Washington during the Million Worker March.
A pro-life group is symbolically gagged during a vigil in front of the Supreme Court in Washington, D.C.
A pro-life group is symbolically gagged during a vigil in front of the Supreme Court in Washington, D.C.
Lebanese protest in Sydney during the 2006 Israel Lebanon conflict.
Lebanese protest in Sydney during the 2006 Israel Lebanon conflict.
Demonstration against the NATO summit in Istanbul, 2004.
Vietnam protester displaying a sign carrying the "Bombing for peace is like fucking for virginity" slogan.
Vietnam protester displaying a sign carrying the "Bombing for peace is like fucking for virginity" slogan.
March 24, 2007, anti-Bush protest in Washington DC.
March 24, 2007, anti-Bush protest in Washington DC.
January 27, 2007, peace protest in Washington DC.
January 27, 2007, peace protest in Washington DC.

Protest expresses relatively overt reaction to events or situations: sometimes in favor, though more often opposed. Protesters may organize a protest as a way of publicly and forcefully making their opinions heard in an attempt to influence public opinion or government policy, or may undertake direct action to attempt to directly enact desired changes themselves. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 871 KB) Demonstrators march through the intersection of 18th and M Streets NW in Washington DC at a demonstration against the World Bank and International Monetary Fund on April 16, 2005. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 871 KB) Demonstrators march through the intersection of 18th and M Streets NW in Washington DC at a demonstration against the World Bank and International Monetary Fund on April 16, 2005. ... Logo of the World Bank The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD, in Romance languages: BIRD), better known as the World Bank, is an international organization whose original mission was to finance the reconstruction of nations devastated by WWII. Now, its mission has expanded to fight poverty by means... [[Image:Example. ... April 16 is the 106th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (107th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 15 peace protests in front of Complexe Guy-Favreau in Montreal. ... March 15 peace protests in front of Complexe Guy-Favreau in Montreal. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 729 KB) Demonstrators gather outside the Hotel Washington at the end of a march, as part of the Million Worker March. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 729 KB) Demonstrators gather outside the Hotel Washington at the end of a march, as part of the Million Worker March. ... The Million Worker March on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1704x1278, 434 KB) Summary A pro-life group is symbolically gagged during a vigil in front of the Supreme Court in Washington DC. Photo by Ben Schumin on February 1, 2006. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1704x1278, 434 KB) Summary A pro-life group is symbolically gagged during a vigil in front of the Supreme Court in Washington DC. Photo by Ben Schumin on February 1, 2006. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties Libertarian Party State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) is the highest judicial body... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1944x2592, 2668 KB) ファイルの概要 The uploader had by mistake put the tag as well as the explanation (Amiya Diwan, own photograph) in the edit summary. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1944x2592, 2668 KB) ファイルの概要 The uploader had by mistake put the tag as well as the explanation (Amiya Diwan, own photograph) in the edit summary. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 580 KB) [edit] Summary Demonstration against NATO summit. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 580 KB) [edit] Summary Demonstration against NATO summit. ... NATO 2002 Summit in Prague. ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... Image File history File links Bombing_for_peace. ... Image File history File links Bombing_for_peace. ... Vietnam protestor displaying the quote Bombing for peace is like fucking for virginity is a popular protest quote originated during the Vietnam War. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 1. ... Direct action is a form of political activism which seeks immediate remedy for perceived ills, as opposed to indirect actions such as electing representatives who promise to provide remedy at some later date. ...


Self-expression can, in theory, in practice or in appearance, be restricted by governmental policy, economic circumstances, religious orthodoxy, social structures, or media monopoly. When such restrictions happen, grumbles or interior opposition may spill over into other areas such as culture, the streets or emigration. A government is a body that has the authority to make and the power to enforce rules and laws within a civil, corporate, religious, academic, or other organization or group. ... In economics, a monopoly (from the Latin word monopolium - Greek language monos, one + polein, to sell) is defined as a persistent market situation where there is only one provider of a product or service. ... Culture (from the Latin cultura stemming from colere, meaning to cultivate), generally refers to patterns of human activity and the symbolic structures that give such activity significance. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Immigration. ...


A protest can itself sometimes be the subject of a counter-protest. In such a case, counter-protesters demonstrate their support for the person, policy, action, etc. that is the subject of the original protest.

Contents

Historical Notions

Unaddressed protest may grow and widen dissent, activism, riots, insurgency, revolts, and political and/or social revolution, as in: Dissent is a sentiment or philosophy of non-agreement or opposition to an idea (eg. ... Activism, in a general sense, can be described as intentional action to bring about social or political change. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... This article is about revolution in the sense of a drastic change. ... The storming of the Bastille, 14 July 1789 during the French Revolution. ...

No body could have expected the rate in which unadressed protest grew, from being small protests exclusive of violence, to being large protests held all around the world involving violence and in which many arrests were made and warnings given out. This article is very long. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Another major contention was the tremendous corruption within the Churchs hierarchy, all the way up to the Bishop of Rome, who appointed individuals to various positions within the Church (bishop, cardinal, etc. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... Events and Trends For more events, see 18th century United States Declaration of Independence ratified by the Continental Congress (July 4, 1776). ... John Trumbulls Declaration of Independence, showing the five-man committee in charge of drafting the Declaration in 1776 as it presents its work to the Second Continental Congress The American Revolution refers to the period during the last half of the 18th century in which the Thirteen Colonies that... 1789 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The French Revolution (1789–1799) was a period of political and social upheaval in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based on... The Haymarket Riot on May 4, 1886 in Chicago is generally considered to have been an important influence on the origin of international May Day observances for workers. ... 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) is a common year starting on Friday (click on link to calendar) // Events January 18 - Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England. ... Anarchism in the United States spans a wide range of anarchist philosophy, from individualist anarchism to anarchist communism and other less known forms. ... The Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr, Ph. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... Demonstrator at the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom was a large political rally that took place in Washington, D.C. on August 28, 1963. ... Martin Luther King is perhaps most famous for his I Have a Dream speech, given in front of the Lincoln Memorial during the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom This article is about the civil rights movement following the Brown v. ... LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Persecution Violence This box:      The Stonewall riots were a series of violent conflicts between New York City police officers and groups of gay and transgendered people that began on June 28... For the Stargate SG-1 episode, see 1969 (Stargate SG-1). ... Nickname: Big Apple, Gotham, NYC, City That Never Sleeps, The Concrete Jungle, The City So Nice They Named It Twice Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island Settled 1676 Government  - Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area... The Unknown Rebel - This famous photo, taken on 5 June 1989 by photographer Jeff Widener, depicts a lone protester who tried to stop four advancing tanks until he was pulled into the crowd by several onlookers. ... ACT UP, or the AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power, is a diverse, non-partisan group of individuals . ... Protest activity surrounding the WTO Ministerial Conference of 1999, which was to be the launch of a new millennial round of trade negotiations, occurred on November 30, 1999, when the World Trade Organization (WTO) convened in Seattle, Washington, USA. The negotiations were quickly overshadowed by massive and controversial street protests... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Anti-capitalist Protests in Prague during the IMF and World Bank summit in September 2000 in Prague, capital of the Czech Republic. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Anthem: Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city)  Belgrade Official languages Serbian written with the Cyrillic alphabet1 Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 8th century   -  Independence c. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Forms of protest

Recognized forms of protest include:


Public demonstration or political rally

Some forms of direct action listed in this article are also public demonstrations or rallies. Direct action is a form of political activism which seeks immediate remedy for perceived ills, as opposed to indirect actions such as electing representatives who promise to provide remedy at some later date. ... A man carries a sign at the September 24, 2005 anti-war protest, a demonstration in Washington, D.C. American Civil Rights March on Washington, leaders marching from the Washington Monument to the Lincoln Memorial, August 28, 1963. ...

A man carries a sign at the September 24, 2005 anti-war protest, a demonstration in Washington, D.C. American Civil Rights March on Washington, leaders marching from the Washington Monument to the Lincoln Memorial, August 28, 1963. ... Employees of the BBC form a picket line during a strike in May 2005. ... Frank Chu, a San Francisco-area street protester Street protesting is a form of individual public demonstration, more prevalent in larger cities. ... Die-In protest against 2003 invasion of Iraq in Sheffield, United Kingdom. ... A protest song is a song intended to protest perceived problems in society such as injustice, racial discrimination, war, globalization, inflation, social inequalities, incarceration, the Greenhouse effect, the global warming. ... The Resistin Radicatz, a radical cheerleading group, do a cheer in front of AFL-CIO headquarters in Washington before joining the Million Worker March at the Lincoln Memorial. ...

Written demonstration

Written evidence of political or economic power, or democratic justification may also be a way of protesting.

  • Petitions
  • Letters (to show political power by the volume of letters): For example, some letter writing campaigns especially with signed form letter

Look up Petition in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Vintage German letter balance for home use Look up letter in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Civil disobedience demonstrations

Any protest could be civil disobedience if a “ruling authority” says so, but the following are usually civil disobedience demonstrations: An anti-war activist is arrested for civil disobedience on the steps of the Supreme Court of the United States on February 9, 2005. ... An anti-war activist is arrested for civil disobedience on the steps of the Supreme Court of the United States on February 9, 2005. ...

To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Categories: Stub | Nudity | Social movements ... A dictionary definition of Indecent not conforming with accepted standards of behaviour or morality. ... The media itself often stages stunts for movies and television shows. ... A sit-in or sit-down is a form of direct action that involves one or more persons nonviolently occupying an area for protest, often political, social, or economic change. ... Raasta roko means obstruct the road in Hindi. ... The media itself often stages stunts for movies and television shows. ...

As a residence

First peace camps Peace camps are known from the 1920s. ... The term tent city covers a wide variety of usually temporary housing made of tents. ...

Destructive

  • Riot - Protests or attempts to end protests sometimes lead to rioting.
  • Self-immolation

It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

General direct action

Direct action is a form of political activism which seeks immediate remedy for perceived ills, as opposed to indirect actions such as electing representatives who promise to provide remedy at some later date. ... Nonviolent resistance (or nonviolent action) is the practice of applying power to achieve socio-political goals through symbolic protests, economic or political noncooperation, civil disobedience and other methods, without using violence. ... Mohandas Karamchand Mahatma Gandhi, who is credited with creating the concept of Satyagraha Satyagraha (Sanskrit: सत्याग्रह satyāgraha) is the philosophy of nonviolent resistance most famously employed by Mohandas Gandhi in forcing an end to the British Raj in India and also during his struggles in South Africa. ... An occupation, as an act of protest, is the entry into and holding of a building, space or symbolic site. ...

Protesting a government

A tax resister resists or refuses payment of a tax because of opposition to the institution collecting the tax, or to some of that institution’s policies. ... John T. Neufeld was a WWI conscientious objector sentenced to 15 years hard labour in the military prison at Leavenworth. ... // Burning the Flag of the United States Flag desecration is a blanket term applied to various acts that intentionally deface or dishonor a flag, most often a national flag (though other flags can be defaced as well). ...

By government employees

A bully pulpit is a public office of sufficiently high rank that it provides the holder with an opportunity to speak out and be listened to on any matter; the American presidency is a bully pulpit. It is thought of as an executive check on legislative powers. ... Judicial activism is the tendency of some judges to take a flexible view of their power of judicial interpretation, especially when such judges import subjective reasoning that displaces objective evaluation of applicable law. ...

Job action

See also general strike, or for other uses see: strike (disambiguation). ... A sitdown strike is a form of civil disobedience in which an organized group of workers, usually employed at a factory or other centralized location, take possession of the workplace by sitting down at their stations, effectively preventing their employers from replacing them with scab labor or, in some cases... In labor disputes, a walkout is a labor strike, the act of employees collectively leaving the workplace as an act of protest. ...

By management

A lockout is a work stoppage in which an employer prevents employees from working. ...

By tenants

A rent strike is a method of protest commonly employed against large landlords such as universities. ...

By consumers

Look up Boycott in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Information

  • Informative letters: thought provoking letter writing campaigns, letters to the editor especially those that the editor appreciates
  • Teach-in
  • Zine
  • Soapboxing

Vintage German letter balance for home use Look up letter in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A Teach-in is a method of non violent protest. ... A zine—an abbreviation of the word fanzine, and originating from the word magazine—is most commonly a small circulation, non-commercial publication of original or appropriated texts and images. ... Someone soapboxing in Chinatown, San Francisco. ...

Civil disobedience to censorship

Samizdat, book published by Pathfinder Press containing a collection of forbidden Trotskyist Samizdat texts. ... Graffiti (strictly, as singular, graffito, from the Italian — graffiti being the plural) are images or letters applied without permission to publicly viewable surfaces such as walls or bridges. ...

Literature, art, culture

  • The 13th century Spanish tale "The Emperor Has No Clothes"
  • Culture jamming

Culture jamming is the act of transforming existing mass media to produce commentary about itself, using the original mediums communication method. ...

Religious

In the history of England, recusancy was a term used to describe the statutory offence of not complying with the establishment of the Church of England. ...

Usage in American English

In American English, the verb protest often acts transitively: The students protested the policy. Elsewhere one can still find intransitive usage: The students protested against the policy; or: The students protested in favor of the policy. For other uses, see American English (disambiguation). ... A transitive verb is a verb that requires both a subject and one or more objects. ... An intransitive verb is a verb that has only one argument, that is, a verb with valency equal to one. ...


Teach-In

Early protests began with basic things such as a teach-in these were organised from 1965 onwards, at these speakers representing different viewpoint debated issues.


See also

The issue of human-caused, or anthropogenic, climate change (global warming) is becoming a central focus of the Green movement. ... Anti-WEF grafiti in Lausanne. ... For other uses, see First Amendment (disambiguation). ... A May 1968 poster: Be young and shut up, with stereotypical silhouette of General de Gaulle. ... This article is about protests concerning the 2003 invasion of Iraq. ... The Unknown Rebel - This famous photo, taken on 5 June 1989 by photographer Jeff Widener, depicts a lone protester who tried to stop four advancing tanks until he was pulled into the crowd by several onlookers. ... The term UK fuel protest refers to a series of protests held in the United Kingdom over the cost of petrol. ... Politics of France takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of France is head of state and the Prime Minister of France head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ... An example of protest art. ... Candles aligned to write No Quotas, street of Delhi. ... In November-December 2006, the desecration of a Ambedkar statue in Kanpur triggered off violent protests by Dalits in Maharashtra, India. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Protests
Look up protest in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
  • Slideshow of pictures from the Amnesty International denounce torture rally at Portland, Oregon.
  • Essay examining ICTs and protest
  • High-tech protest at the 2004 Republican National Convention
  • Parenting Versus Protesting: Are They Mutually Exclusive?
  • Is There A Legal Age for Political Dissent? Teens at Protests!
  • East Fife Football Club Supporters' Protest against chairman Brown
  • Important Protests Mapped on Platial.

  Results from FactBites:
 
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Protestantism (8407 words)
And in proof he advances the instability of Protestant so-called faith: "They are as children tossed to and fro and carried along by every gale of doctrine.
The Protestant position is that the clergy had originally been representatives of the people, deriving all their power from them, and only doing, for the sake of order and convenience, what laymen might do also.
It should be remarked that the first Protestants, without exception, pretended to be the true Church founded by Christ, and all retained the Apostles' Creed with the article "I believe in the Catholic Church".
Protestant Reformation (3003 words)
Any sustained discussion of the causes of the protestant reformation would have to include the fundamental changes which were made to the institutions of the church in the central Middle Ages during the Gregorian reforms.
Historians readily accept that the protestant reformation in its various manifestations was capable of generating remarkably widespread popular support and lay involvement, but these differed widely in their nature, chronology and extent depending on the particular reformation in question.
While the protestant reformation drew its support from all segments of sixteenth-century society, the conflict between different social groups played a significant role in shaping (and limiting) the support which it was able to mobilise.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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