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Encyclopedia > Protesilaus

In Greek mythology, Protesilaus (Ancient Greek: Πρωτεσίλαος, Protesilaos), was a hero in the Iliad who was venerated in Thessaly and Thrace. Protesilaus was the son of Iphicles and the leader of the Phylaceans.[1] Hyginus surmised[2] that he was originally known as Iolaus, but was referred to as Protesilaus after being the first to die in Troy. The etymology of the name is from πρώτ-ος (first) and σύλ-ησις (spoiling, plundering), i.e. the first to plunder Troy. The bust of Zeus found at Otricoli (Sala Rotonda, Museo Pio-Clementino, Vatican) Greek mythology is the body of stories belonging to the Ancient Greeks concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices. ... The Greek language (Greek Ελληνικά, IPA // – Hellenic) is an Indo-European language with a documented history of some 3,000 years. ... Map showing Thessaly periphery in Greece Thessaly (Θεσσαλια; modern Greek Thessalía; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is one of the 13 peripheries of Greece, and is further sub-divided into 4 prefectures. ... Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak  Thrace (Bulgarian: , Greek: , Attic Greek: ThrāíkÄ“ or ThrēíkÄ“, Latin: , Turkish: ) is a historical and geographic area in southeast Europe. ... In Greek mythology, Iphicles referred to three different people: The half-brother of Heracles, being the son of Alcmene and her human husband Amphitryon whereas Heracles was her son by Zeus. ... Ancient Greek kingdom, whose king was Protesilaus, the first Greek hero killed in the Trojan War. ... Gaius Julius Hyginus, (c. ...

Contents

Background

Protesilaus was one of the suitors of Helen.[3] He brought forty ships with him to Troy,[4] and was the first to land: "the first man who dared to leap ashore when the Greek fleet touched the Troad, Pausanias recalled, quoting "the author of the epic called the Cypria".[5] An oracle had prophesied that the first Greek to walk on the land after stepping off a ship in the Trojan War would be the first to die,[6] and so, after killing four men,[7] he was himself slain by Hector. After Protesilaus' death, his brother, Podarces, joined the war in his place.[8] The gods had pity on his widow, Laodamia, daughter of Acastus, and brought him up from Hades to see her. Another source claims his wife was Polydora, daughter of Meleager.[9] She was at first overjoyed, thinking he had returned from Troy, but after the gods returned him to the underworld, she found the loss unbearable.[10] She had a bronze statue of her late husband constructed, and devoted herself to it. After her worried father had witnessed her behavior, he had it destroyed; however, Laodamia jumped into the fire with it.[11] Helen of Troy redirects here. ... Map of the Troas The Troas (Troad) is an ancient region in the northwestern part of Anatolia, bounded by the Hellespont to the northwest, the Aegean Sea to the west, and separated from the rest of Anatolia by the massif that forms Mount Ida. ... Pausanias (Greek: ) was a Greek traveller and geographer of the 2nd century A.D., who lived in the times of Hadrian, Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius. ... The Cypria is one of the lost sections of the eight volume cycle that told the full story of the Trojan War. ... This article is about prophetic oracles in various cultures. ... The fall of Troy, by Johann Georg Trautmann (1713–1769). ... For other uses, see Hector (disambiguation). ... In Greek mythology, Podarces was a son of Iphicles and brother of Protesilaus. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... In Greek Mythology, Acastus was one of the men who sailed with Jason and the Argonauts. ... In Greek mythology, there were several individuals named Polydora: Polydora was the daughter of either Peleus and Antigone, or Perieres and Gorgophone. ... This article is about the mythological figure, for the Macedonian king see Meleager (king). ...


Cult of Protesilaus

There was a shrine of Protesilaus at Phylace, his home in Thessaly, and games were organised there in his honour, Pindar noted.[12] The tomb of Protesilaus at Elaeus in the Thracian Chersonese is documented in the 5th century, when, during the Persian War, votive treasure deposited at his tomb was plundered by the satrap Artayctes, under permission from Xerxes. The Greeks later captured and executed Artayctes, returning the treasure.[13] The tomb was mentioned again when Alexander the Great arrived at Elaeus on his campaign against the Persian Empire. He offered a sacrifice on the tomb, hoping to avoid the fate of Protesilaus when he arrived in Asia. Like Protesilaus before him, Alexander was the first to step foot on Asian soil during his campaign.[14] Philostratus writing of this temple in the early 3rd century AD,[15] speaks of a cult statue of Protesilaus at this temple "standing on a base which was shaped like the prow of a boat;" Gisela Richter noted coins of Elaeus from the time of Commodus that show on their reverses Protesilaus on the prow of a ship, in helmet, cuirass and short chiton. Ancient Greek kingdom, whose king was Protesilaus, the first Greek hero killed in the Trojan War. ... For the PINDAR military bunker in London, please see the PINDAR section of Military citadels under London Pindar (or Pindarus, Greek: ) (probably born 522 BC in Cynoscephalae, a village in Boeotia; died 443 BC in Argos), was a Greek lyric poet. ... Elaeus is a Greek city in Thracian Chersonese, hometown of the mythological hero Protesilaus. ... Map of the Thracian Chersonese The Thracian Chersonese (in Greek ΧερσoνησoÏ‚ Θραικια) was the ancient name of the Gallipoli peninsula, in the part of historic Thrace that is now part of modern Turkey. ... Several wars are termed Persian or called simply the Persian War: Greco-Persian Wars Russo-Persian War Turko-Persian War Anglo-Persian War Persian Gulf War This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Xerxes may refer to these Persian kings: Xerxes I, reigned 485–465 BC, also known as Xerxes the Great. ... For the film of the same name, see Alexander the Great (1956 film). ... Persia redirects here. ... Philostratus, was the name of several, three (or four), Greek sophists of the Roman imperial period: Philostratus the Athenian (c. ... // In the practice of religion, a cult image is a man-made object that is venerated for the deity, spirit or daemon that it embodies or represents. ... Lucius Aurelius Commodus Antoninus (August 31, 161 – December 31, 192) was a Roman Emperor who ruled from 180 to 192 (also with Marcus Aurelius from 177 until 180). ... This article is devoted to the type of armour known as a cuirass. ... Families See text. ...


Representations

Among very few representations of Protesilaus,[16] a sculpture by Deinomenes is just a passing mention in Pliny's Natural History;[17] the outstanding surviving examples are two Roman copies of a lost mid-fifth century Greek bronze original represent Protesilaus at his defining moment, one of them in the British Museum,[18] the other at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.[19] The Metropolitan's sculpture of a heroically nude helmeted warrior stands on a forward-slanting base, looking down and slightly to his left, with his right arm raised, prepared to strike, would not be identifiable, save by comparison made by Gisela Richter[20] with a torso of the same model and its associated slanting base, schematically carved as the prow of a ship encircled by waves: Protesilaus about to jump ashore. Naturalis Historia Pliny the Elders Natural History is an encyclopedia written by Pliny the Elder. ... London museum | name = British Museum | image = British Museum from NE 2. ... The Metropolitan Museum of Art is an art museum located on the eastern edge of Central Park, along what is known as Museum Mile in New York City. ... Bronze Corinthian Helmet The Corinthian helmet (Ancient Greek κόρυς κορινθίη, Modern κάσκα κορινθιακή) was a type of bronze helmet which in its later styles covered the entire head and neck, with slits for the eyes and mouth. ...


If Euripides' tragedy, Protesilaos had survived, his name would be more familiar today.[21] A statue of Euripides. ...


References

  1. ^ Homer. Iliad, 2.695.
  2. ^ Hyginus. Fabulae, 103.
  3. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus. The Library, 3.10.8; Hyginus. Fabulae, 97.
  4. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus. Epitome of The Library E.3.14.
  5. ^ Pausanias, iv.2.5.
  6. ^ Hyginus. Fabulae, 103.
  7. ^ Hyginus. Fabulae, 114.
  8. ^ Homer. Iliad, 2.705.
  9. ^ The Cypria, Fragment 17.
  10. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus. Epitome to The Library, E.3.30; Ovid. Heroides, 13.
  11. ^ Hyginus. Fabulae, 104.
  12. ^ Pindar. First Isthmian Ode, 83f.
  13. ^ Herodotus. The Histories, 9.116.
  14. ^ Arrian. The Campaigns of Alexander, 1.11.
  15. ^ Philostratus. Heroikos ("Dialogue Concerning Heroes"). "Protesilaos" is set in the sanctuary; elms were planted at the sanctuary by the nymphs; the chthonic hero has given advice to athletes in the form of oracular dreams; see Christopher P. Jones, "Philostratus' Heroikos and Its Setting in Reality", The Journal of Hellenic Studies 121 (2001:141-149).
  16. ^ Pausanias, in his travels in Greece at the end of the 2nd century AD saw no statues of Protesilaus, though he appeared among the heroes painted by Polygnotus at Delphi (x.30.3).
  17. ^ 'Historia Naturalis, 34.76.
  18. ^ Found at Cyzicus in Mysia (modern Turkey).
  19. ^ Gisela M. A. Richter, "A Statue of Protesilaos in the Metropolitan Museum" Metropolitan Museum Studies 1.2 (May 1929:187-200).
  20. ^ Richter 1929b.
  21. ^ So observed Gisela Richter, discussing the recently-acquired Metropolitan sculpture: Richter 1929a. "A Statue of Protesilaos" The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 24.1 (January 1929:26-29) p. 29.

This article is about the Greek poet Homer and the works attributed to him. ... title page of the Rihel edition of ca. ... The Bibliotheca (in English Library), in three books, provides a grand summary of traditional Greek mythology and heroic legends. ... Hyginus can refer to: Gaius Julius Hyginus (c. ... The Cypria is one of the lost sections of the eight volume cycle that told the full story of the Trojan War. ... Herodotus of Halicarnassus (Greek: Hēródotos Halikarnāsseús) was a Greek historian who lived in the 5th century BC (c. ... The Histories of Herodotus of Halicarnassus is considered the first work of history in Western literature. ... Alexander the Great Lucius Flavius Arrianus Xenophon (c. ... For other uses, see Chthon (disambiguation). ... Pausanias (Greek: ) was a Greek traveller and geographer of the 2nd century A.D., who lived in the times of Hadrian, Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius. ... Polygnotus was a Greek painter in the middle of the 5th century BC, son of Aglaophon. ... For other uses, see Delphi (disambiguation). ... Cyzicus was an ancient town of Mysia in Asia Minor, situated on the shoreward side of the present peninsula of Kapu-Dagh (Arctonnesus), which is said to have been originally an island in the Sea of Marmara, and to have been artificially connected with the mainland in historic times. ... Mysia. ...

External links

Wordsworth redirects here. ... Jared Carter is a contemporary American poet born on January 10, 1939, in Elwood, Indiana. ... This is a list of the characters that appear in the Iliad by Homer. ... In Greek mythology, Acamas (unwearying) was the son of Phaedra and Theseus. ... For other uses, see Achilles (disambiguation). ... In Greek mythology, Actor was a son of King Deion, of Phocis and Diomede, the daughter of Xuthus. ... In Greek mythology, Adrastus, or Adrastos (he who stands his ground, son of Talaus) was one of the three kings at Argos, along with Iphis and Amphiaraus, who was married to Adrastus sister Eriphyle. ... This article is about a character in Greek mythology. ... Agapenor: Leader of the Arkadians Reference Homer, The Iliad, translated by Richmond Lattimore, 1951 Categories: ... Ajax or Aias (Greek: ) was a mythological Greek hero, the son of Telamon and Periboea and disciple of Salamis. ... Ajax (Greek: Αἴας), a Greek hero, son of Oïleus the king of Locris, called the lesser or Locrian Ajax, to distinguish him from Ajax, son of Telamon. ... In Greek mythology, Antilochus (also transliterated as Antílokhos) was the son of Nestor, king of Pylos. ... In Greek mythology, two people share the name Ascalaphus. ... In Greek mythology, Automedon, son of Diores, was Achilles charioteer. ... In Greek mythology, Balius (Dappled) and Xanthus (Blonde) were two immortal horses, the offspring of the harpy Podarge and the West wind, Zephyros (); following another tradition, their father was Zeus. ... In Greek mythology, Bias was a brother of Melampus who received one third of Argos (see Melampus for more information). ... In Greek mythology, BrisÄ“is (Greek Βρισηίς) was a Trojan widow (from Lyrnessus) who was abducted during the Trojan War by Achilles upon the death of her three brothers and husband, King Mynes of Lyrnessus, in the fight. ... DiomÄ“dÄ“s or Diomed (Gk:Διομήδης - God-like cunning or advised by Zeus) is a hero in Greek mythology, mostly known for his participation in the Trojan War. ... In Greek mythology Elephenor was the son of Chalcodon and king of the Abantes of Euboea. ... In Greek mythology, Euryalus referred to two different people. ... In Greek mythology, Eurybates was the herald for the Greek armies during the Trojan War. ... As written in Homers The Iliad, Hecamede, daughter of Arsinous, was captured from the isle of Tenedos and given as captive to King Nestor. ... In Greek mythology, Idomeneus was a Cretan warrior, grandson of Minos. ... In Greek mythology, Machaon was a son of Asclepius. ... In Greek mythology, Mecisteus was the son of Talaus and and Lysimache. ... In Greek mythology, there were two people called Medôn. ... In Greek mythology, Mégês Phyleïdês was a son of Phyleus. ... Menelaus regains Helen, detail of an Attic red-figure crater, ca. ... Menestheus, the son of Peteus, son of Orneus, son of Erechtheus, was a legendary King of Athens during the Trojan War. ... Meriones was a son of Molus and Melphis. ... In Greek mythology, Nestor of Gerênia (Greek: Νέστωρ) was the son of Neleus and Chloris, and the King of Pylos. ... In Greek mythology, Nireus was the name of several individuals: Nireus was a son of Poseidon and Canace. ... For other uses, see Odysseus (disambiguation). ... A cup depicting Achilles bandaging Patroklos arm, by the Sosias Painter. ... In Greek mythology, Philoctetes (also Philoktêtês or Philocthetes, Φιλοκτήτης) was the son of King Poeas of Meliboea in Thessaly. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Phoenix (mythology). ... In Greek mythology, Podarces was a son of Iphicles and brother of Protesilaus. ... In Greek mythology, Promachus (who leads in battle) referred to several different people. ... 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In Greek mythology, one of these people: In the Iliad, Antiphus, or Ántiphos, a Trojan ally, the son of Talaemenes and a nymph. ... In the Iliad Archelochus was a son of Antenor and along with his brother Acamas and Aeneas, shared the command of the Dardanians fighting on the side of the Trojans. ... In Greek mythology, Asius refers to two people who fought during the Trojan War: Asius (Asios) son of Hyrtacus was the leader of the Trojan allies that hailed from, on, or near the Dardanelles (Iliad, 2. ... In the Iliad Asteropaios (Latin: Asteropaeus) was the leader of the Trojan-allied Paionians along with fellow warrior Pyraechmes. ... In Greek mythology, Astyanax (Greek Ἀστυάναξ, prince of the city) was the son of Hector and Andromache. ... Axylus is mentioned in Book VI of Homers Iliad. ... 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Protesilaus and Laodamia (476 words)
The Trojans opposed their landing, and at the first onset one of the noblest of the Greeks, Protesilaus, fell by the hand of Hector.
It is said that the nymphs planted elm trees round his grave, which flourished till they were high enough to command a view of Troy, then withered away, giving place to fresh branches that sprang from the roots.
The oracle, according to the tradition, had declared that victory should be the lot of that party from which should fall the first victim in the war.
MSN Encarta - Search Results - Protesilaus (85 words)
Protesilaus, in Greek mythology, king of Phylace in Thessaly (Thessalia), who was killed in the Trojan War.
Laodamia, in Greek mythology, wife of the Thessalian commander Protesilaus, the first Greek slain when the Greek fleet reached the coast of Troy in the...
Laodamia, in Greek mythology, wife of the Thessalian commander Protesilaus, the first Greek slain when the Greek fleet reached the coast of Troy in...
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