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Encyclopedia > Protected areas of Tamil Nadu

Contents

 Tamil Nadu, India
Tamil Nadu, India

Tamil Nadu State in South India covers an area of 130,058 km 2 (50,215 mi2). It includes a wide range of Biomes, extending east from the South Western Ghats montane rain forests through the South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests and Deccan thorn scrub forests to tropical dry broadleaf forests and then to the beaches, estuaries, salt marshes, mangroves, and coral reefs of the Bay of Bengal.
Most Protected areas throughout it's 30 Districts are under the stewardship of the Ministry of Environment and Forests (India) and the Tamil Nadu Dept. of Forests[1]
Creation and administration of Protected areas in South India originated with the Maharajas of the Southern princely states' private hunting grounds. Mudumalai Park, established in 1940, was the first modern Wildlife Sanctuary in South India. Image File history File links India_Tamil_Nadu_locator_map. ... Image File history File links India_Tamil_Nadu_locator_map. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... South India is a linguistic-cultural region of India that comprises the four Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu and the Union Territory of Pondicherry, whose inhabitants are collectively referred to as South Indians. ... In Ecology, a biome is a major regional group of distinctive plant and animal communities well adapted to the regions physical environment. ... The South Western Ghats montane rain forests are an ecoregion of southern India, covering the southern portion of the Western Ghats range in Kerala and Tamil Nadu, at elevations over 1000 meters. ... The South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests is an ecoregion of southern India. ... The Deccan thorn scrub forests is a xeric shrubland ecoregion of India and northernmost Sri Lanka. ... Trinidad and Tobago dry forest on Chacachacare showing the dry-season deciduous nature of the vegetation The tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forest biome, also known as tropical dry forest, is located at tropical and subtropical latitudes. ... For other uses, see Beach (disambiguation). ... An estuary is a semi-enclosed coastal body of water which has a free connection with the open sea and within which sea water mixes with fresh water. ... This article is about marsh, a type of wetland. ... Above and below water view at the edge of the mangal. ... Some of the biodiversity of a coral reef. ... A map showing the location of the Bay of Bengal. ... The state of Tamil Nadu, in southeastern India is divided into 30 districts. ...


Biosphere Reserves:

 Biosphere Reserves of Tamil Nadu
Biosphere Reserves of Tamil Nadu

Two Biosphere Reserves in Tamil Nadu are among four in India and ninetyfive in Asia that are part of UNESCO's Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB)
A Biosphere Reserve is an international conservation designation for reserves designated by UNESCO under the MaB (Man and the Biosphere) Programme. ...


Listing by size:

The Gulf of Mannar is an arm of the Indian Ocean, lying between the southern tip of India and the west coast of Sri Lanka at a width of between 160 and 200 km (100 to 125 mi). ... The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve is an International Biosphere Reserve located in the Western Ghats and Nilgiri Hills ranges of southern India. ... The Agasthiyamalai range of the Western Ghats The Western Ghats are a mountain range in India. ... Map of The Nilgiris district The Nilgiris or Blue Mountains are a range of mountains and a district in the south-Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. ... Karnātakā   (Kannada: ಕನಾ೯ಟಕ) (IPA: ) is one of the four southern states of India. ...   (IPA: ; ) is a state on the Western Coast of south-western India. ...

National Parks:

 Palni Hills
Palni Hills

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (4734x1685, 1705 KB) Summary Palani Hills en route Kodaikanal Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kodaikanal Palani Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (4734x1685, 1705 KB) Summary Palani Hills en route Kodaikanal Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kodaikanal Palani Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from... Indira Gandhi National Park is a wildlife sanctuary located in the Anaimalai Hills of Tamilnadu state, India. ... // Location and geography The Mudumalai sanctuary lies on the northern and north-western side of the Nilgiri (Blue Mountains), about 80 km north-west of Coimbatore in the extreme north-western corner of Tamil Nadu, on the interstate boundaries with Karnataka and Kerala states in southern India. ... The Gulf of Mannar is an arm of the Indian Ocean, lying between the southern tip of India and the west coast of Sri Lanka at a width of between 160 and 200 km (100 to 125 mi). ... The Guindy National Park, the smallest national park of India and one of the very few national parks situate inside a metro, is located in Chennai, South India. ...

Wildlife Sanctuaries:

Grizzled Giant Squirrel
Grizzled Giant Squirrel
  • Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary is contiguous with Indira Gandhi National Park. The 841.49km2 forest varies from dry deciduous to semi-evergreen, evergreen and montane wet temperate containing Teak, Rose wood and many miscellaneous tropical species. Animals, including Indian Elephant, Gaur, Tiger, Panther, Sloth Bear, Wild Boar, Dhole, Nilgiri Langur, Lion-tailed Macaque, Sambar, Four horned Antelope, Chital and a host of birds, notably the Trogar, Pied Hornbill and several types of Eagles may be seen.
Lion-Tailed Macaque
Lion-Tailed Macaque
  • Srivilliputhur, A 485km2.2Giant Squirrel Sanctuary in Virudhunagar district consisting of mainly dry deciduous forests with patches of tropical evergreen forests, Semi-evergreen forests, moist mixed deciduous forests and grassland. Grizzled Giant Squirrel, Flying Squirrel, Tree Shrew, Elephant, lion-tailed macaque, Nilgiri Tahr, mouse deer, barking deer, many species of birds may be seen.
  • Mundanthurai Sanctuary 282.08km 2
  • Kalakkad Wildlife Sanctuary in Tirunelveli District consists of 223.58km2 mostly tropical wet evergreen forests which change to tropical dry deciduous forests in the foothills and to thorn forests further down. This sanctuary is famous for Lion-tailed macaque. All four species (common Langur, Nilgiri Langur, Bonnet Macaque and lion tailed Macaque) can be seen. Other animals include Nilgiri tahr, sambar, sloth bear, gaur, Indian elephant, tiger, flying squirrel, panther, Dhole, pangolin and a variety of birds and reptiles.
  • Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary in The Nilgiris district is contiguous with Mudumalai National Park. It consists of 217.76km2 primarily moist deciduous forest which becomes dry deciduous towards Bandipur including mainly mixed forests with bamboos. Animals including Elephant, Gaur, Sambar, Chital, Dhole Panther, Tiger, Sloth bear, Python, Barking deer, Four horned antelope, common Langur, Otter, Crocodiles (mugger) and a variety of birds and reptiles may be seen.
Black Buck Antelope
Black Buck Antelope
  • Point Calimere, A 17.26km2 Bird Sanctuary In Thanjavur district, Consists of tidal swamps, dry evergreen forests and mangroves. The sanctuary is famous for its flamingos and Black Buck Antelope. A large variety of water birds including Teals, Gulls, Terns, Plovers and Stilts can be seen during winter months. Mammals include Chital, Wild Boar. The water birds of the great swamp and the dolphins and turtles that often come close to the shore are important attractions.
  • Vallanadu, A 16.41 km2 Black Buck Antelope Sanctuary in Thoothukudi District is a Scrub forest where Black Buck, Spotted deer, macaques, Jungle cat, Mongoose, and Hares may be seen.
  • Kodaikanal Wildlife Sanctuary is a consolidation of several Reserve forests located in the 2068 km2 Palni Hills. The Forest Department is working to establish the sanctuary in 2007[3]

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2186x1179, 240 KB) This image has been (or is hereby) released into the public domain by its creator, cyrillic. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2186x1179, 240 KB) This image has been (or is hereby) released into the public domain by its creator, cyrillic. ... Binomial name Elephas maximus Linnaeus, 1758 The Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus) is a species of elephant formerly known as the Indian Elephant. ... Binomial name Bos gaurus H. Smith, 1827 The Gaur (IPA gauɹ) (Bos gaurus, previously Bibos gauris) is a large, dark-coated ox of the hilly areas of South Asia and Southeast Asia, which may be found wild or domesticated. ... Binomial name Panthera tigris (Linnaeus, 1758) Distribution of tigers in 1900 (red) and 1990 (green) Synonyms Felis tigris Linnaeus, 1758 Tigris striatus Severtzov, 1858 Tigris regalis pink, 1867</large> Tigers (Panthera tigris) are mammals of the Felidae family and one of four big cats in the Panthera genus. ... Panther may refer to: Any big cat from the genus Panthera e. ... Binomial name Melursus ursinus (Shaw, 1791) The Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus) is a nocturnal bear, inhabiting the lowland forests of India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. ... // Binomial name Sus scrofa Linnaeus, 1758 The Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) is the wild ancestor of the domestic pig. ... Binomial name Cuon alpinus (Pallas, 1811) The Dhole (Cuon alpinus) is a species of wild dog of the Canidae family. ... Subfamilies Cercopithecinae - 11 genera Colobinae - 9 genera The Old World monkeys or Cercopithecidae are a group of primates, falling in the superfamily Cercopithecoidea in the clade Catarrhini. ... Binomial name Macaca silenus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Lion-tailed Macaque (Macaca silenus) is an Old World monkey that lives only in southwest India. ... Sambar may refer to: Sambar, a kind of deer Sambar, a lentil-based dish common in South India and Sri Lanka Sambhar Salt Lake in Rajasthan, India. ... Genera Aepyceros Alcelaphus Antidorcas Antilope Cephalophus Connochaetes Damaliscus Gazella Hippotragus Kobus Madoqua Neotragus Oreotragus Oryx Ourebia Pantholops Procapra Sylvicapra Taurotragus Tragelaphus and others Antelope are herbivorous mammals of the family Bovidae, (usually) distinguished by a pair of hollow horns on their heads. ... Binomial name Axis axis (Erxleben, 1777) The chital (or cheetal) deer, also known as the spotted deer or axis deer is a large spotted deer which commonly inhabits wooded regions of Sri Lanka and most of India. ... Genera Aceros Anorrhinus Anthracoceros Buceros Bucorvus Ceratogymna (=Bycanistes) Ocyceros Penelopides Tockus Hornbills (Family Bucerotidae) are a group of birds whose bill is shaped like a cows horn, but without a twist, sometimes with a casque on the upper mandible. ... The Eagles redirects here. ... Photo by Aaron Logan source File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Photo by Aaron Logan source File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Srivilliputhur is a city and a municipality in Virudhunagar district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... Virudhunagar District is an administrative district of Tamil Nadu state in southern India. ... Binomial name Ratufa macroura (Pennant, 1769) Grizzled Giant Squirrel also known as the Sri Lankan Giant Squirrel, Ratufa macroura, is a large species of squirrel found in Sri Lanka and in the forests of southern India. ... Two groups of rodents are referred to as flying squirrels. ... Genera Tupaia Anathana Urogale Dendrogale Lyonogale Ptilocercus The tree shrews are small, squirrel-like mammals native to the tropical forests of South-east Asia. ... The tahr, genus Hemitragus, is the common name for three species of mountain-dwelling Asian goat-antelopes. ... The four species of chevrotain, also known as mouse deer, make up the family Tragulidae. ... Species 10 species, see text Muntjac are deer of the genus Muntiacus, also known as Barking Deer. ... Kalakkad is a panchayat town in Tirunelveli district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... Tirunelveli District Tirunelveli District is a district of Tamil Nadu state in southern India. ... Subfamilies Cercopithecinae - 11 genera Colobinae - 9 genera The Old World monkeys or Cercopithecidae are a group of primates, falling in the superfamily Cercopithecoidea in the clade Catarrhini. ... Type Species Simia inuus Linnaeus, 1758 = Simia sylvanus Linnaeus, 1758 Species See text. ... The tahr, genus Hemitragus, is the common name for three species of mountain-dwelling Asian goat-antelopes. ... Binomial name Melursus ursinus (Shaw, 1791) The Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus) is a nocturnal bear, inhabiting the lowland forests of India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. ... Two groups of rodents are referred to as flying squirrels. ... Panther may refer to: Any big cat from the genus Panthera e. ... Species Manis culionensis Manis gigantea Manis temmincki Manis tricuspis Manis tetradactyla Manis crassicaudata Manis pentadactyla Manis javanica Pangolins (pănggə-lĭn) or scaly anteaters are mammals in the Pholidota order. ... // Location and Geography The Mudumalai sanctuary lies on the northern and north-western side of the Nilgiri (Blue Mountains), about 80 km north-west of Coimbatore in the extreme north-western corner of Tamil Nadu, on the interstate boundaries with Karnataka and Kerala states in southern India. ... The Nilgiris District The Nilgiris The Nilgiris District is in the Indian states of Tamil Nadu. ... Binomial name Axis axis (Erxleben, 1777) The chital (or cheetal) deer, also known as the spotted deer or axis deer is a large spotted deer which commonly inhabits wooded regions of Sri Lanka and most of India. ... Genera Aspidites Antaresia Apodora Bothrochilus Leiopython Liasis Morelia Python Python is the common name for a group of non-venomous constricting snakes, specifically the family Pythonidae. ... Species 10 species, see text Muntjac are deer of the genus Muntiacus, also known as Barking Deer. ... Genera Amblonyx Aonyx Enhydra Lontra Lutra Lutrogale Pteronura The otter (lutrinae) is a carnivorous aquatic or marine mammal part of the family Mustelidae, which also includes weasels, polecats, badgers, as well as others. ... Genera Mecistops Crocodylus Osteolaemus See full taxonomy. ... Point Calimere, also called Cape Calimere and Kodikkarai, is a low headland on the Coromandel Coast, in Nagapattinam district, Tamil Nadu state, India. ... Thanjavur district is one of the 30 districts of the state of Tamil Nadu, in southeastern India. ... Flamingos are gregarious wading birds in the genus Phoenicopterus and family Phoenicopteridae. ... Teal may mean: Look up Teal on Wiktionary, the free dictionary A type of duck, for example The Common Teal, Anas crecca The Green-winged Teal, Anas carolinensis The Black Teal, Aythya novaeseelandiae The Brown Teal, Anas aucklandica The Silver Teal, Anas versicolor The Cape Teal, Anas capensis teal (color... Look up gull in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Genera Sterna (Gelochelidon) (Hydroprogne) (Thalasseus) Chlidonias Phaetusa Anous Procelsterna Gygis Larosterna Terns are seabirds in the family Sternidae, previously considered a subfamily Sterninae of the gull family Laridae. ... Genera Pluvialis Charadrius Thinornis Elseyornis Peltohyas Anarhynchus Phegornis Oreopholus Plovers are a widely distributed group of wading birds belonging to the subfamily Charadriinae. ... &#8224; See also Avocet The stilts are waders in the same bird family as the Avocets. ... Black Buck (Antelope cervicapra) or Indian Black Buck antelope, small antelope native to Northern India, with some small populations in Nepal. ... Thoothukudi District Thoothukudi District, also known as Tuticorin District, is a district of Tamil Nadu state in southern India. ... Binomial name Axis axis (Erxleben, 1777) The chital (also spelled cheetal) or spotted deer is a large spotted deer which commonly inhabits wooded regions of Sri Lanka and most of India. ... Type Species Simia inuus Linnaeus, 1758 = Simia sylvanus Linnaeus, 1758 Species See text. ... Subfamiles Herpestinae A mongoose is a member of the family of small cat-like carnivores. ... Jack rabbit and Jackrabbit redirect here. ... The Palni Hills (also Palani Hills) are a mountain range in Tamil Nadu state of southern India. ...

Elephant Sanctuaries

Tamil Nadu is a major participant in Project Elephant It has 5 Elephant Sanctuaries covering 2489 km2 with 6776 Elephants enumerated in 2005, 19 Elephant corridors and 4 inter-state corridors linking to Elephant Sanctuaries in Karnataka[4].

  • Nilgiri Elephant Reserve, 4663 km2, Protected area 716 km2, Elephant population 1938, contiguous with Wayanad Reserve in Kerala, Mysore reserve in Karnataka and Rayala reserve in Andhra Pradesh, established 2003.
  • Coimbature Elephant Reserve, 566 km2, Protected area 482 km2, Elephant population 132, contiguous with Nilambur Reserve in Kerala, established 2003.
  • Anamalai Elephant Reserve 1457 km2, Protected area 300 km2, Elephant population 680, contiguous with Anamalai Reserve in Kerala, established 2003.
  • Srivilliputtur Elephant Reserve, 1249 km2, Protected area 568 km2, Elephant population 223, contiguous with Periyar Reserve in Kerala, established 2002.
  • Rejuvination Camp for Temple and Private Elephants of Tamilnadu, 5 ha, Mudumalai Sanctuary was chosen as location of the rejuvenation camp because it operates the finest elephant camp in the country with 26 elephants belonging to the Forest Department. 55 elephants are participating in the rejuvenation camp. established 2003. == Bird Sanctuaries ==
Painted Stork
Painted Stork

Image File history File links Painted_stork_foraging. ... Image File history File links Painted_stork_foraging. ... This December 2006 does not cite its references or sources. ... Sivaganga is a town in Tamil Nadu state of southern India. ... There are three species of bird named White Ibis. ... Binomial name Anastomus oscitans Boddaert, 1783 The Asian Openbill Stork, Anastomus oscitans, is a large wading bird in the stork family Ciconiidae. ... Binomial name Nycticorax nycticorax Linnaeus, 1758 The Black-crowned Night Heron (in Europe, often just Night Heron), Nycticorax nycticorax, is a medium-sized heron. ... Binomial name Mycteria leucocephala (Pennant, 1769) The Painted Stork, Mycteria leucocephala, is a large wading bird in the stork family Ciconiidae. ... Binomial name Ardea cinerea Linnaeus, 1758 The Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea) is a wading bird of the heron family Ardeidae. ... Species The darters or snake-birds are birds in the family Anhingidae. ... Binomial name Phalacrocorax niger Vieillot, 1817 The Little Cormorant (Phalacrocorax niger) is a member of the cormorant family of seabirds. ... Binomial name Egretta garzetta (Linnaeus, 1766) The Little Egret, Egretta garzetta, is a small white heron. ... Binomial name Egretta intermedia (Wagler), 1827) The Intermediate Egret (Egretta intermedia or Ardea intermedia) is a medium-sized heron. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Binomial name Anas crecca Linnaeus, 1758 The Common Teal or Teal (Anas crecca) is a common and widespread duck which breeds in the northernmost areas of Europe and Asia. ... Binomial name Anas poecilorhyncha Forster, 1781 The Spotbill, Anas poecilorhyncha, is a dabbling duck which breeds in tropical and eastern Asia. ... Binomial name Anas acuta Linnaeus, 1758 The Pintail or Northern Pintail (Anas acuta) is a common and widespread duck which breeds in the northern areas of Europe and Asia and across most of Canada, Alaska and the midwestern United States. ... Flamingos are gregarious wading birds in the genus Phoenicopterus and family Phoenicopteridae. ... Pulicat is a town which lies in the nellore District, in the state of andhra Pradesh, India. ... Binomial name Phoenicopterus roseus Pallas, 1811 Synonyms Phoenicopterus antiquorum The Greater Flamingo (Phoenicopterus roseus) is the most widespread species of the flamingo family. ...

Tiger Reserves

Panthera tigris tigris
Panthera tigris tigris
  • Kalakad - Mundanthurai Reserve, Established in 1962, is a Project Tiger supported Reserve[7]. A part of Agasthyamalai hills in the core of the Reserve is considered one of the five centres of biodiversity and endemism in India IUCN. A 1997 Census counted the following wildlife: Tiger 73, Leopard 79, Jungle Cat 1755, Wild Dog 1718, Elephant N.A, Gaur 232, Sambar 1302, Chital 1966, Tahr 8780, Wild Pig 187, Mouse Deer 172, Sloth Bear 123, Lion tailed Macaque 37, Bonnet Macaque 61, Nilgiri langur 61, Bonnet Macaque 61, Common Langur 61, Slender loris 61, Giant Squirrel 61, Crocodile 61.
  • Mukkurthi 78.46km2

// Ministry of Forests - List of protected areas in India] Categories: | | ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1122x750, 364 KB) Panthera tigris tigris, Bengaltiger, Indischer Tiger oder Königstiger Public Domain from http://images. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1122x750, 364 KB) Panthera tigris tigris, Bengaltiger, Indischer Tiger oder Königstiger Public Domain from http://images. ... The Royal Bengal Tiger. ... A view of the Agasthyarkoodam from the base A view of the Agasthyamalai range from the Tirunelveli rainshadow region Agastya Malai (Agastyarkoodam) is a peak of 1868 m in the Western Ghats. ... Rainforests are among the most biodiverse ecosystems on earth Biodiversity or biological diversity is the variation of taxonomic life forms within a given ecosystem, biome or for the entire Earth. ... Endemic, in a broad sense, can mean belonging or native to, characteristic of, or prevalent in a particular geography, race, field, area, or environment; Native to an area or scope. ... The World Conservation Union or International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ...

Reserve Forests:

 Forest Cover in Tamil Nadu
Forest Cover in Tamil Nadu

Forests cover over 17% of the state's geographical area. [8]
Satellite views:Godumalai Reserved Forest, Gir Forest,Kanjamalai Reserved Forest,Semmalai Reserved Forest, Tirttamalai Reserved Forest. A usefull source naming many Reserve forests is detailed Topographic Maps of India [9].


Zoos and Crocodile Farms

Zoos:[10]

  • Arignar Anna Zoological Park, Chennai
  • Amirthi Zoo in Vellore Division
  • Kurumbapatti Recreation Centre in Salem division
  • Deer Park at The Nilgiris
Gharial
Gharial

There are 4 Crocodile farms in Tamil Nadu under the control of Forest Department [11]. The Vandalur Zoo, also known as the Arignar Anna Zoological Park, in Vandalur, is located about 30 kilometers from the city of Madras. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Gharial. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Gharial. ...

  • Hogenakkal Crocodile farm in Dharmapuri Division.
  • Kurumbapatti Crocodile farm in Salem Division.
  • Amaravathi Crocodile farm in Pollachi Division.
  • Sathanur Dam Crocodile farm in Tirupattur Division.

and

Herpetology (Greek herpeton = to creep, to ramp and logos = in this context explanation or reason) is the branch of zoology concerned with the study of reptiles and amphibians. ... The Madras Crocodile Bank Trust is a reptile zoo and herpetology research station, located just south of Chennai, state of Tamil Nadu, India. ... A crocadilian is a crocodile-like dinosaur. ... Binomial name Crocodylus palustris Lesson, 1831 Distribution of Crocodylus palustris The Mugger Crocodile (Crocodylus palustris), also called the Iranian, Marsh, or Persian Crocodile (in Persian گاندو Gandu), is found throughout the Indian subcontinent and the surrounding countries (India, Pakistan; in Pakistans coastal regions of the Makran and delta marshlands of... Binomial name Gavialis gangeticus (Gmelin, 1789) The gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) is one of two surviving members of the family Gavialidae, a long-established group of crocodile-like reptiles with long, narrow jaws. ... Binomial name Crocodylus porosus (Schneider, 1801) Range of the Saltwater Crocodile in black The saltwater or estuarine crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) is the largest of all existing reptiles. ...

Other Protected areas

  • Conservation reserves and community reserves:
  • Communal forests:
  • Private protected areas:
  • Conservation areas:

References

  1. ^ Tamil Nadu Dept. of Forests[1]
  2. ^ Mukkurthi National Park, India-tourism.org[http: /tamilnadu-travel/mukkurthi-national-park.html
  3. ^ Tamil Nadu Ministry fo Environment and Forests, Policy note, 2006-2007, Demand No. 25, Forest Dept., Page 4.[2].
  4. ^ Ministry of Environment and Forests,Project Elephant,2005.[3]
  5. ^ Migratory birds flock to Vettangudi Sanctuary, The Hindu, 9/11/2005.[4]
  6. ^ Tamil Nadu Forest Dept., Bird Sanctuaries in Tamil Nadu[5]
  7. ^ Project Tiger[6]
  8. ^ WikiMapia: Satellite view of Tamil Nadu[7]
  9. ^ US Army Map Service Series U 502, India, 1959[8],
  10. ^ Zoos[9]
  11. ^ TNU/WLTCrocFarm[10]
  • Tamil Nadu Dept. of Forests [11]
  • United Nations List of National Parks and Protected Areas: India (1993)[12]
  • Ministry of Forests and Environment Protected Areas [13]
  • Ministry of Environment and Forests, 2006 Report[14]

Other Examples of this type of blanket article:


 
 

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