The Prosecutor General of Ukraine (also: Attorney General of Ukraine, Ukrainian: Генеральний прокурор України) heads the system of official prosecution in courts known as the Office of the Prosecutor General of Ukraine (Генеральна прокуратура України).
The Office of the Prosecutor General is entrusted with:
prosecution in court on behalf of the State;
representation of the interests of a citizen or of the State in court in cases determined by law;
supervision of the observance of laws by bodies that conduct detective and search activity, inquiry and pre-trial investigation;
supervision of the observance of laws in the execution of judicial decisions in criminal cases, and also in the application of other measures of coercion related to the restraint of personal liberty of citizens.
The Prosecutor General is appointed to office by the President of Ukraine with the consent of the Verkhovna Rada (parliament). The Prosecutor is dismissed from office by the President. The Verkhovna Rada may express no confidence in the Prosecutor that results in his or her resignation from office. The President of Ukraine (in Ukrainian, Президент України, Prezydent Ukrayiny) is the head of state and acts in its name. ... Verkhovna Rada. ...
The term of authority of the Prosecutor is five years.
Both in theory and in practice, the Prosecutor General and his/her office wield considerable power. For instance, only the Prosecutor General and the Chairman of the Supreme Court of Ukraine may file requests to the Verkhovna Rada to withhold the immunity of deputies from detainment or arrest. The Supreme Court of Ukraine (in Ukrainian, Верховний Суд України) is the highest judicial body in the system of courts of general jurisdiction in Ukraine. ... Parliamentary immunity is a system in which members of the parliament are granted partial immunity from prosecution. ...
Politics of Ukraine takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Ukraine is the head of government but shares many of these responsibilites with the President of Ukraine, and of a pluriform multi-party system.
The Supreme Court of Ukraine ordered a repeat of the re-run to be held on December 26, 2004, and asked the law enforcement agencies to investigate cases of election fraud.
Ukraine has a large number of political parties, many of which have tiny memberships and are unknown to the general public.
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