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Encyclopedia > Prose poetry

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Prose poetry is usually considered a form of poetry written in prose that breaks some of the normal rules associated with prose discourse, for heightened imagery or emotional effect, among other purposes. The Chinese poem Quatrain on Heavenly Mountain by Emperor Gaozong (Song Dynasty) Poetry (from the Greek , poiesis, a making or creating) is a form of art in which language is used for its aesthetic and evocative qualities in addition to, or in lieu of, its ostensible meaning. ... Prose is writing distinguished from poetry by its greater variety of rhythm and its closer resemblance to the patterns of everyday [[speech. ...

Characteristics

Arguments continue about whether prose poetry is actually a form of poetry or a form of prose (or a separate genre altogether). Most critics argue that prose poetry belongs in the genre of poetry because of its use of metaphorical language and attention to language. Other critics argue that prose poetry falls into the genre of prose because prose poetry relies on prose's association with narrative, its consistent divergence of discourse, and its reliance on readers' expectation of an objective presentation of truth in prose. Yet others argue that the prose poem gains its subversiveness through its fusion of both poetic and prosaic elements. The Chinese poem Quatrain on Heavenly Mountain by Emperor Gaozong (Song Dynasty) Poetry (from the Greek , poiesis, a making or creating) is a form of art in which language is used for its aesthetic and evocative qualities in addition to, or in lieu of, its ostensible meaning. ... Prose is writing distinguished from poetry by its greater variety of rhythm and its closer resemblance to the patterns of everyday [[speech. ... Look up genre in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Chinese poem Quatrain on Heavenly Mountain by Emperor Gaozong (Song Dynasty) Poetry (from the Greek , poiesis, a making or creating) is a form of art in which language is used for its aesthetic and evocative qualities in addition to, or in lieu of, its ostensible meaning. ... Metaphorical language is a term referring to the use of a complex system of metaphors to create a sub-language within a common language. ... Prose is writing distinguished from poetry by its greater variety of rhythm and its closer resemblance to the patterns of everyday [[speech. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A common dictionary definition of truth is agreement with fact or reality.[1] There is no single definition of truth about which the majority of philosophers agree. ...


History

As a specific form, prose poetry is generally assumed to have originated in the 19th century in France. At the time of the prose poem's emergence, French poetry was dominated by the alexandrine, an extremely strict and demanding form that poets such as Aloysius Bertrand and Charles Baudelaire wanted to rebel against. Further proponents of the prose poem included other French poets such as Arthur Rimbaud and Stéphane Mallarmé. The prose poem continued to be written in France and found profound expression, in the mid-20th century, in the prose poems of Francis Ponge. At the end of the 19th century, British Decadent movement poets such as Oscar Wilde picked up the form because of its already subversive association. This actually hindered the dissemination of the form into English because many associated the Decadents with homosexuality, hence any form used by the Decadents was suspect. Charles Baudelaire, from the French Wikipedia 19th century photo by Nadar This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Charles Baudelaire, from the French Wikipedia 19th century photo by Nadar This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Image File history File links Portrait_of_Stéphane_Mallarmé_(Manet). ... Image File history File links Portrait_of_Stéphane_Mallarmé_(Manet). ... Portrait of Stéphane Mallarmé by Édouard Manet. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... An alexandrine is a line of poetic meter. ... Aloysius Bertrand was the writing pseudonym of Louis-Jacques-Napoléon Bertrand (born April 20, 1807 in Ceva (Piedmont, Italy); died April 29, 1841 in Paris). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Rimbaud redirects here. ... Portrait of Stéphane Mallarmé by Édouard Manet. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... Francis Jean Gaston Alfred Ponge (March 27, 1899 - August 6, 1988) was a French essayist and poet. ... In 19th century European and especially French literature, decadence was the name given, first by hostile critics, and then triumphantly adopted by some writers themselves, to a number of late nineteenth century fin de siècle writers who were associated with Symbolism or the Aesthetic movement and who relished artifice... Oscar Fingal OFlahertie Wills Wilde (October 16, 1854 – November 30, 1900) was an Irish playwright, novelist, poet, and short story writer. ...

Notable Modernist poet T.S. Eliot even wrote vehemently against prose poems, though he did try his hand at one or two. In contrast, a couple of other Modernist authors wrote prose poetry consistently, including Gertrude Stein Oscar Wilde in his favourite coat. ... Oscar Wilde in his favourite coat. ... This article focuses on the cultural movement labeled modernism or the modern movement. See also: Modernism (Roman Catholicism) or Modernist Christianity; Modernismo for specific art movement(s) in Spain and Catalonia. ... Thomas Stearns Eliot (September 26, 1888 - January 4, 1965), was a major Modernist Anglo-American poet, dramatist, and literary critic. ... Gertrude Stein (February 3, 1874 – July 29, 1946) was an American writer and catalyst in the development of modern art and literature, who spent most of her life in France. ...

and Sherwood Anderson; in actuality, Anderson considered his work to be short fictions—in the current term, "flash fiction." The distinction between flash fiction and prose poetry is at times very thin, almost indiscernible. Portrait of Gertrude Stein by Pablo Picasso, 1906, in the public domain in the United States. ... Portrait of Gertrude Stein by Pablo Picasso, 1906, in the public domain in the United States. ... Gertrude Stein (February 3, 1874 – July 29, 1946) was an American writer and catalyst in the development of modern art and literature, who spent most of her life in France. ... Sherwood Anderson in 1933. ... Likely coined by James Thomas, Denise Thomas, and Tom Hazuka in their 1992 anthology by this name, flash fiction, also called sudden fiction, micro fiction, postcard fiction or short-short fiction, is a sub-genre of the short story characterized by limited word length. ...


Then for a while prose poems died out, at least in English—until the early 1960s and '70s, when American poets such as Allen Ginsberg, Russell Edson, Charles Simic, Robert Bly and James Wright experimented with the form. Edson, indeed, worked principally in this form, and helped give the prose poem its current reputation for surrealist wit. Similarly, Simic won the Pulitzer Prize in Poetry for his 1989 collection, The World Doesn't End. Irwin Allen Ginsberg (IPA: ) (June 3, 1926 – April 5, 1997) was an American Beat poet. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Charles Simic Charles Simic (born May 9, 1938) is a Serbian-American poet. ... Robert Bly (born December 23, 1926 in Madison, Minnesota) is a poet, author, and leader of the Mythopoetic Mens Movement in the United States. ... There have been several people named James Wright. ...

At the same time, poets elsewhere were exploring the form in Spanish, Japanese and Russian. Octavio Paz worked in this form in Spanish in his Aguila o Sol? (Eagle or Sun?). Spanish poet Ángel Crespo (1926-1995) did his most notable work in the genre. Giannina Braschi, postmodern Spanish-language poet, wrote a trilogy of prose poems, El imperio de los suenos (Empire of Dreams, 1988). Translator Dennis Keene presents the work of six Japanese prose poets in The Modern Japanese Prose Poem: an Anthology of Six Poets. Similarly, Adrian Wanner and Caryl Emerson describe the form's growth in Russia in their critical work, Russian Minimalism: from the Prose Poem to the Anti-story. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1216x1536, 838 KB) de: Lizenzhinweis: Die Nutzung der Bilder wurde auf der Projektseite Fragen zum Urheberrecht dahingehend geklärt, dass die Verwendung der {PD-Van Vechten}-Bilder in der deutschsprachigen Wikipedia statthaft ist. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1216x1536, 838 KB) de: Lizenzhinweis: Die Nutzung der Bilder wurde auf der Projektseite Fragen zum Urheberrecht dahingehend geklärt, dass die Verwendung der {PD-Van Vechten}-Bilder in der deutschsprachigen Wikipedia statthaft ist. ... Sherwood Anderson in 1933. ... Octavio Paz, Mexican writer, poet, diplomat, and 1990 Nobel Prize winner for literature Octavio Paz Lozano (March 31, 1914 – April 19, 1998) was a Mexican writer, poet, and diplomat, and the winner of the 1990 Nobel Prize in Literature. ... Ángel Crespo was born in 1926 and died in 1995. ... Cutting-edge poet and novelist Giannina Braschi (b. ... Keene Dennis Keene is an American politician. ...

Prus.

In Poland, Bolesław Prus (1847-1912), influenced by the French prose poets, had written a number of poetic micro-stories, including "Mold of the Earth" (1884), "The Living Telegraph" (1884) and "Shades" (1885). Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 494 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (636 × 772 pixel, file size: 46 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) BolesÅ‚aw Prus ~1902 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Political fiction... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 494 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (636 × 772 pixel, file size: 46 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) BolesÅ‚aw Prus ~1902 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Political fiction... BolesÅ‚aw Prus BolesÅ‚aw Prus (pronounced: [bÉ”lεswaf prus]; August 20, 1847 – May 19, 1912), born Aleksander GÅ‚owacki, was a Polish journalist, short-story writer, and novelist. ... BolesÅ‚aw Prus BolesÅ‚aw Prus (pronounced: [bÉ”lεswaf prus]; August 20, 1847 – May 19, 1912), born Aleksander GÅ‚owacki, was a Polish journalist, short-story writer, and novelist. ... Poetry (ancient Greek: poieo = create) is an art form in which human language is used for its aesthetic qualities in addition to, or instead of, its notional and semantic content. ... Microfiction is very short fiction, usually around 300 words long. ... Mold of the Earth (Polish: Pleśń świata) is one of Bolesław Prus shortest micro-stories. ... Shades (Polish: Cienie) is one of BolesÅ‚aw Prus shortest micro-stories. ...

The form has gained popularity since the late 1980s, and literary journals that previously refused to acknowledge prose poetry's unique contributions to both poetry and prose have now conceded its worth and currently display prose poems next to sonnets and short stories. Journals have even begun to specialize, publishing solely prose poems/flash fiction in their pages (see external links below). Some contemporary writers working in the prose poem/flash fiction form include James Tate, Lyn Hejinian, Mary Oliver, Campbell McGrath, Sheila Murphy, Robert Bly, Kim Chinquee, Ray Gonzalez, Michael Benedikt, Louis Jenkins, David Shumate and Anne Carson. Image File history File links a photography of the poet James Tate. ... Image File history File links a photography of the poet James Tate. ... James Tate James Vincent Tate (b. ... James Tate James Vincent Tate (b. ... Lyn Hejinian (born 1941) is a United States poet, essayist, translator and publisher. ... Mary Oliver (1935 –) is an American poet. ... Campbell McGrath is a notable modern American poet. ... Sheila E. Murphy (b. ... Anne Carson (born Toronto, Ontario June 21, 1950) is a Canadian poet, essayist, and translator, as well as a professor of classics and comparative literature at McGill University and at the University of Michigan. ...


It used to be said that prose poetry was impossible in English because the English language was not so strictly governed by rules as was the French language. In the twentieth century, when English prose became increasingly ruled by the iron laws of America's Strunk and White, this may no longer have been the case. Earlier rapturous, rhythmic, image-laden prose from previous centuries, such as that found in Jeremy Taylor and Thomas de Quincey, strikes 21st-century readers as having something of a poetic quality. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s The 20th century lasted from 1901 to 2000 in the Gregorian calendar (often from (1900 to 1999 in common usage). ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... The Elements of Style (the little book – 1918) is an American English writing style guide detailing seven elementary rules of usage, ten elementary principles of composition and a few matters of form and commonly misused expressions. ... Jeremy Taylor is depicted in this portrait at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge University. ... Thomas de Quincey from the frontispiece of Revolt of the Tartars, Thomas de Quincey (August 15, 1785 – December 8, 1859) was an English author and intellectual. ... The 21st century is the present century of the Anno Domini (common) era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ...


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