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Encyclopedia > Prose
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Literature
Major forms

Epic · Romance · Novel
Tragedy · Comedy · Drama · Satire
Image File history File links Question_book-new. ... This article is about (usually written) works. ... For other meanings of epic, see Epic. ... As a literary genre, romance or chivalric romance refers to a style of heroic prose and verse narrative current in Europe from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance. ... For other uses, see Novel (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Tragedy (disambiguation). ... A comedy is a dramatic performance of a light and amusing character, usually with a happy conclusion to its plot. ... For other uses, see Drama (disambiguation). ... 1867 edition of Punch, a ground-breaking British magazine of popular humour, including a good deal of satire of the contemporary social and political scene. ...

Media

Performance (play) · Book Buskers perform in San Francisco A performance, in performing arts, generally comprises an event in which one group of people (the performer or performers) behave in a particular way for another group of people (the audience). ... A play being performed. ... For other uses, see Book (disambiguation). ...

Techniques

Prose · Poetry This article is about the art form. ...

History and lists

Basic topics · Literary terms
History · Modern history
Books · Writers
Literary awards · Poetry awards Literature is prose, written or oral, including fiction and non-fiction, drama and poetry. ... The following is a list of literary terms; that is, those words used in discussion, classification, criticism, and analysis of literature. ... The history of literature is the historical development of writings in prose or poetry which attempt to provide entertainment, enlightenment, or instruction to the reader/hearer/observer, as well as the development of the literary techniques used in the communication of these pieces. ... This article is homosexual and should be burned the second in a series of The History of Literature. ... These are lists of books: List of books by title List of books by author Lists of authors List of anonymously published works (List of Hiberno-Saxon illustrated manuscripts) List of books by genre or type List of books by award or notoriety List of best-selling books List of... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... It has been suggested that the section Literature from the article List of prizes, medals, and awards be merged into this article or section. ... This is a list of awards that are, or have been, given out to writers of poetry, either for a specific poem, collection of poems, or body of work. ...

Discussion

Criticism · Theory · Magazines Literary criticism is the study, discussion, evaluation, and interpretation of literature. ... Literary theory is the theory (or the philosophy) of the interpretation of literature and literary criticism. ... A literary magazine is a periodical devoted to literature in a broad sense. ...

Prose is writing distinguished from poetry by its greater variety of rhythm and its closer resemblance to everyday speech. The word prose comes from the Latin prosa, meaning straightforward, hence the term "prosaic," which is often seen as pejorative. Prose describes the type of writing that prose embodies, unadorned with obvious stylistic devices. Prose writing is usually adopted for the description of facts or the discussion of whatever one's thoughts are, incorporated in free flowing speech. Thus, it may be used for newspapers, magazines, encyclopedias, broadcast media, films, letters, history, philosophy, biography, linguistic geography, and many other forms of communication. Write redirects here. ... This article is about the art form. ... For other uses, see Rhythm (disambiguation). ... Bold text This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with pejoration. ... Reading the newspaper: Brookgreen Gardens in Pawleys Island, South Carolina. ... This article is about the magazine as a published medium. ... 1913 advertisement for Encyclopædia Britannica. ... Note: broadcasting is also the old term for hand sowing. ... Film may refer to: photographic film a motion picture in academics, the study of motion pictures as an art form a thin skin or membrane, or any covering or coating, whether transparent or opaque a thin layer of liquid, either on a solid or liquid surface or free-standing Film... This article is about (usually written) works. ... For other uses, see History (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Philosophy (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Biography (disambiguation). ... A map of the language divisions within Justinian Is Byzantine Empire. ...


Prose generally lacks the formal structure of meter or rhyme that is often found in poetry. Although some works of prose may happen to contain traces of metrical structure or versification, a conscious blend of the two forms of literature is known as a prose poem. Similarly, poetry with less of the common rules and limitations of verse is known as free verse. Poetry is considered to be artificially developed ("The best words in the best order"), whereas prose is thought to be less constructed and more reflective of ordinary speech.[citation needed] Pierre de Ronsard, the French poet, said that his training as a poet had proved to him that prose and poetry were mortal enemies. In Molière's play Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme, Monsieur Jourdain asks something to be written in neither verse nor prose. A philosophy master says to him, "Sir, there is no other way to express oneself than with prose or verse". Jourdain replies, "By my faith! For more than forty years I have been speaking prose without knowing anything about it, and I am much obliged to you for having taught me that." In poetry, the meter or metre is the basic rhythmic structure of a verse. ... A rhyme is a repetition of identical or similar sounds in two or more different words and is most often used in poetry and song. ... This article is about the art form. ... Versification is the technique of writing poetry. ... // Prose poetry is usually considered a form of poetry written in prose that breaks some of the normal rules associated with prose discourse, for heightened imagery or emotional effect, among other purposes. ... For the software company, see Freeverse. ... Pierre de Ronsard Pierre de Ronsard, commonly referred to as Ronsard (September 11, 1524 – December, 1585), was a French poet and prince of poets (as his own generation in France called him). ... A poet is a person who writes poetry. ... For the 2007 film, see Molière (film). ... Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme is a comédie-ballet in 5 acts by Molière, first presented October 14, 1670 before the court of Louis XIV at the château of Chambord by Molières troup of actors. ...

Contents

History

The status of prose has changed throughout its history. The early literature of many societies consists mostly of poetry.[citation needed] Early prose was often restricted to mundane and everyday uses, such as legal documents and yearly records. Academic subjects such as philosophy and history were generally written in prose, but fiction does not often appear in prose until much later.[citation needed] Poetry is still often regarded as a higher form of literature than prose, but the relatively recent development of the novel has challenged that view. This article is about (usually written) works. ... For other uses, see Philosophy (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see History (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fiction (disambiguation). ...


Prose was at one time synonymous with dull, unimaginative or laboured writing, and the meaning of the word "prosaic" has developed "containing or characteristic of prose" to "lacking in imagination or spirit; dull."[citation needed] Prose that is too ornate and overblown for its context is called purple prose. A term of literary criticism, purple prose is used to describe passages, or sometimes entire literary works, written in prose so overly extravagant, ornate or flowery as to break the flow and draw attention to itself. ...


The use of prose as opposed to poetry in Shakespeare distinguishes classes of characters in some plays, and changing mental states and moods of characters in others. In Romeo and Juliet, servants speak in prose. In Othello, Othello shifts from poetry to prose as his suspicion of Desdemona's infidelity increases. In King Lear, Lear initially speaks in verse, but shifts to prose as he is driven insane.[citation needed] Shakespeare redirects here. ... For other uses, see Romeo and Juliet (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Othello (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see King Lear (disambiguation). ...


Styles

Prose varies considerably depending on the purpose of the writing. As prose is often considered to be representative of the patterns of normal speech[citation needed] , many rhetorical devices are used in prose to emphasize points and enliven the writing. Prose aims to be informative and accurate, such as history or journalism, usually striving to use the simplest language possible to express its points. Facts are often repeated and reiterated in various ways so that they are understood by a reader, but excessive use of this technique can make a serious piece of writing seem pedantic. In rhetoric, a rhetorical device or resource of language is a technique that an author or speaker uses to evoke an emotional response in his audience (his reader(s) or listener(s)). These emotional responses are central to the meaning of the work or speech, and should also get the... For other uses, see History (disambiguation). ... // Journalism is the discipline of gathering, writing and reporting news, and broadly it includes the process of editing and presenting the news articles. ...


In fiction, prose can take on many forms. Skilled authors can alter how they use prose throughout a book to suggest different moods and ideas. A thriller often consists of short, "punchy" sentences made up of equally short words, suggesting very rapid actions to heighten the effect of a very fast-moving plot. Conversely, longer sentences can be used to slow down the action of a novel. For other uses, see Fiction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Author (disambiguation). ... The thriller is a broad genre of literature, film, and television. ... In literature, a plot is all the events in a story particularly rendered towards the achievement of some particular artistic or emotional effect. ...


When a poem is translated from one language into another (particularly an epic poem) the poem is often converted into prose. Not only does this allow the reader to understand the plot more easily, but it allows the translator to exercise less unwelcome creative input. A translation should be an unchanged representation of the sense of the original; to impose the rhyme and meter structures of a different language is likely to significantly alter the poem. Look up translate in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other meanings of epic, see Epic. ... A rhyme is a repetition of identical or similar sounds in two or more different words and is most often used in poetry and song. ... In poetry, the meter or metre is the basic rhythmic structure of a verse. ...


Speech/Debate

The event 'Prose' in Speech/Debate is in which one person reads a selection from a published book, play, etc., and interprets the piece for the judging audience.[citation needed]


See also

Below is a list of basic topics in literature -- topics which will help the beginner become familiar with the field of literature. ... Rhymed prose is a literary form and literary genre, written in unmetrical rhymes. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Prose Fiction - A History of English Literature (680 words)
The earliest original, or partly original, English prose fictions to appear were handbooks of morals and manners in story form, and here the beginning was made by John Lyly, who is also of some importance in the history of the Elizabethan drama.
In 1578 Lyly, at the age of twenty-five, came from Oxford to London, full of the enthusiasm of Renaissance learning, and evidently determined to fix himself as a new and dazzling star in the literary sky.
But with successive Latin, Medieval, and Renaissance writers in verse and prose the country characters and setting had become mere disguises, sometimes allegorical, for the expression of the very far from simple sentiments of the upper classes, and sometimes for their partly genuine longing, the outgrowth of sophisticated weariness and ennui, for rural naturalness.
Poets.org - Poetry, Poems, Bios & More - The Fallacy of Prose Poetry: an Extension of Eliot’s "Reflections on Vers ... (539 words)
The category of prose poem is about as useful a sorting tool as the three races into which humans were divided in 1684 by Francois Bernier.
Prose poetry—whatever it is, and however we define it, is fashionable.
Prose poetry’s differentiation from verse poetry is similarly cosmetic.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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