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Encyclopedia > Proprietary

Proprietary indicates that a party, or proprietor, exercises private ownership, control or use over an item of property, usually to the exclusion of other parties. Ownership is the state or fact of exclusive possession or control of property, which may be an object, land/real estate, intellectual property or some other kind of property. ... // Use of the term In common usage, property means ones own thing and refers to the relationship between individuals and the objects which they see as being their own to dispense with as they see fit. ...


Where a party, holds or claims proprietary interests in relation to certain types of property (e.g. a creative literary work, or software), that property may also be the subject of intellectual property law (eg. copyright or patents). Howver, this can cause problems, mostly on MP3 players like iPod or Zune, as the prorietary cables are expensive to replace and you have to keep one with you all the time if you share much with friends via their computers. Computer software (or simply software) refers to one or more computer programs and data held in the storage of a computer for some purpose. ... In law, intellectual property (IP) is an umbrella term for various legal entitlements which attach to certain types of information, ideas, or other intangibles in their expressed form. ... // Balancing scales are symbolic of how law mediates peoples interests For other senses of this word, see Law (disambiguation). ... Copyright symbol Copyright is a set of exclusive rights regulating the use of a particular expression of an idea or information. ... A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a state to a patentee (the inventor or assignee) for a fixed period of time in exchange for the regulated, public disclosure of certain details of a device, method, process or composition of matter (substance) (known as an invention) which...

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Historical terms

  • a proprietary colonel owed his regimental command not to promotion through the ranks, but to a venal mode of appointment by the crown. The colonelcy of a regiment formerly implied a proprietary right in it. Whether the colonel commanded it directly in the field or not, he always superintended its finance and interior economy, and the emoluments of the office, in the 18th century, were often the only form of pay drawn by general officers. The general officers of the 17th and 18th centuries were invariably colonels of regiments, and in this case the active regimental command was exercised by the lieutenant colonels.
  • In the colonial era, a (notably British) monarch could, as a form of indirect rule, grant proprietary rights to individuals over a proprietary colony, in which the proprietors (sometimes styled Lords Proprietors) were given exclusive control, not just ownership under private law, or to a chartered company.
  • Proprietor was also the secondary title of the self-styled Leaders of the semi-independent proprietary settlement Swains Island (Jennings family, US, 1856-1926) now part of American Samoa
  • a proprietary member is someone whose membership of some institution is a right derived from a specific property, especially real estate. E.g., the Swansea Harbour docks and over 20 miles of adjacent railways were owned and administered by a harbour trust of 26 members: the owner of the Briton Ferry estate (Earl Jersey), 4 representing the lord of the seigniory of Gower (the duke of Beaufort), 12 proprietary members and 9 elected annually by the corporation of Swansea.

In the U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel is a commissioned officer superior to a major and inferior to a colonel. ... Look up monarch in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A proprietary colony is a colony in which the king gave land to one or more people called proprietors. ... Lord Proprietor was the gubernatorial title for the noble ruling proprietors of certain British proprietary colonies in North America, such as Maryland or Carolina. ... The arms of the British South Africa Company A chartered company is an association formed by investors or shareholders for the purpose of trade, exploration and colonisation. ... Look up Leadership in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Swains Island is an atoll in the Tokelau chain, the most northwesterly island administered by American Samoa. ...

Proprietary software

Main article: Proprietary software

Software which is privately owned or controlled is known as proprietary software. However, the extent to which proprietary rights can be claimed or maintained in relation to software is a matter of considerable controversy (see software patent debate). Proprietary software is software that has restrictions on using and copying it, usually enforced by a proprietor. ... A right is the power or privilege to which one is justly entitled or a thing to which one has a just claim. ... Look up Controversy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Proprietary software is not free software or open source software as end-users generally do not have the ability to: This article is about free software as defined by the sociopolitical free software movement; for information on software distributed without charge, see freeware. ... ... Economics and commerce define an end-user as the person who uses a product. ...

  • Run the software for any purpose
  • Study and modify the software
  • Copy the software and provide it to third parties
  • Make and release improvements to the software

Etymology

The word proprietary comes from the French propriétaire, from the Latin proprietarius. Compare with the Latin proprietas (property), and proprius (ownership). Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... Ownership is the state or fact of exclusive possession or control of property, which may be an object, land/real estate, intellectual property or some other kind of property. ...


See also

In law, an exclusive right is the power or right to perform an action in relation to an object or other thing which others cannnot perform. ...

Sources and references

(incomplete)

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. passim
  • WorldStatesmen- hereUSA

  Results from FactBites:
 
Proprietary software - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (406 words)
Proprietary software is software which has been designed and coded by or for a specific person, organization or group of organizations, who hold ownership or intellectual property rights over the software.
"Proprietary" indicates that some individual or company has exclusive rights in a piece of software as a result of copyright or a patent, which serves to deny legal access to the software's source code by third parties for the purpose of copying or modifying the software.
As "proprietary" indicates private ownership and control, software can remain proprietary even where source code is released into the public domain, if control over the use, distribution, or modification of the software is retained (e.g., as demonstrated by the commercial version of SSH, or by way of the Microsoft Shared source licence programme).
Community Colleges and Proprietary Schools (1687 words)
Proprietary institutions have a long history of attracting controversy while at the same time filling a need in their communities.
Nonetheless, evidence suggests that proprietary school students are far less likely to move on to baccalaureate study; the NCES data indicate that differences in the academic preparation and aptitude of proprietary students are factors.
The boom in proprietary schools in the 1970s and '80s was followed by reduced access to federal funds for schools with high default rates.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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