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Encyclopedia > Prophylaxis

Prophylaxis refers to any medical or public health procedure whose purpose is to prevent, rather than treat or cure, disease. Roughly, prophylactic measures are divided between primary prophylaxis (to prevent the development of a disease) and secondary prophylaxis (where the disease has already developed and the patient is protected against worsening of this process). Public health is an aspect of health services concerned with threats to the overall health of a community based on population health analysis. ...


Vaccines are prophylactic: they are used before illness develop, either being administered to large numbers of people in order to prevent infection, or in some cases (such as the smallpox vaccine) to people who have been exposed to a disease but have not yet become ill. A bottle and a syringe containing the influenza vaccine. ... Smallpox (also known by the Latin names Variola or Variola vera) is a highly contagious disease unique to humans. ...


Antibiotics are sometimes used prophylactically: for example, during the 2001 anthrax attacks scare in the United States, patients who were believed to be exposed were given ciprofloxacin. Similarly, the use of antibiotic ointments on burns and other wounds is prophylactic. An antibiotic is a drug that kills or slows the growth of bacteria. ... A letter sent to Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle containing weaponized anthrax powder caused the deaths of two postal workers. ... Ciprofloxacin is the generic international name for the synthetic antibiotic manufactured and sold by Bayer Pharmaceutical under the brand name Cipro® (and other brand names in other markets, e. ...


Condoms are sometimes referred to as "prophylactics" because of their use to prevent the transmission of syphilis and other sexually transmitted diseases. A condom sealed in typical packaging A condom is a device, usually made of latex, that covers a mans penis during sexual intercourse to reduce the risk of pregnancy and/or sexually transmitted diseases (STD) such as gonorrhea, syphilis and HIV. Condoms do not protect against all forms of... Depression-era U.S. poster advocating early syphilis treatment Syphilis (historically called lues) is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) that is caused by a spirochaete bacterium, Treponema pallidum. ... Sexually-transmitted infections (STIs), also known as sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs), are diseases that are commonly transmitted between partners through some form of sexual activity, most commonly vaginal intercourse, oral sex, or anal sex. ...


Low molecular weight heparin is used as a prophylaxis in hospital patients, as they are at risk for several forms of thrombosis due to their immobilisation. In medicine, low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) is a class of medication used as an anticoagulant in diseases that feature thrombosis, as well as for prophylaxis in situations that lead to a high risk of thrombosis. ... A physician visiting the sick in a hospital. ... Thrombosis is the formation of a clot or thrombus inside a blood vessel, obstructing the flow of blood through the circulatory system. ...


Professional cleaning of the teeth is dental prophylaxis. Types of teeth Molars are used for grinding up foods Carnassials are used for slicing food. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Prophylaxis - definition of Prophylaxis in Encyclopedia (210 words)
For Prophylaxis, a particular school of thought in chess pioneered by Tigran Petrosian, please refer to the article on Petrosian.
Prophylaxis refers to any medical or public health procedure whose purpose is to prevent, rather than treat or cure, disease.
Low molecular weight heparin is used as a prophylaxis in hospital patients, as they are at risk for several forms of thrombosis due to their immobilisation.
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