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Encyclopedia > Promotion (chess)

Promotion is a chess term describing the transformation of a pawn that reaches the eighth square into the player's choice of a queen, knight, bishop, or rook. Promotions to king are also possible in some chess variants, such as suicide chess. A chess table is a table with a chessboard painted or engraved on it. ... The pawn (♙♟) is the weakest and most numerous piece in the game of chess, representing infantry, or more particularly pikemen. ... The queen is the most powerful piece in the game of chess. ... The knight (Old English: cniht = boy, lad or servant) (or, colloquially, horse) is a piece in the game of chess, representing a knight (armoured soldier) and often depicted as a horses head. ... OKABold text OKA IS SO SMART OKA IS SO SMART OKA IS SO SMART OKA IS SO SMART OKA IS SO SMART OKA IS SO SMART OKA IS SO SMART OKA IS SO SMART OKA IS SO SMART OKA IS SO SMART OKA IS SO SMART OKA IS SO... A rook (borrowed from Persian رخ rokh) is a piece in the strategy board game of chess. ... The king (♔♚) is the most important piece in the game of chess. ... A chess variant is any game derived from, related to or similar to chess in at least one respect. ... Antichess, also called Losing chess and Suicide chess is a chess variant in which the objective is to lose all of your pieces. ...

The term queening is often used to describe a promotion to a queen. Since the queen is the most powerful piece, over 99% of promotions in practical play are to queen. A promotion to knight is occasionally useful, particularly if it occurs with check. A promotion to a bishop or rook usually makes no sense since the queen is more powerful, combining the capabilities of both of those pieces. However, on rare occasions such an underpromotion is necessary to avoid stalemate. Underpromotions to rook or bishop usually occur in the context of chess problems rather than practical play. In chess, underpromotion is promotion of a pawn that has reached the eighth rank to any piece other than a queen; that is a rook, a bishop or a knight. ... Excelsior by Sam Loyd. ...

The promotion is not limited to pieces that have been captured. Some finer chess sets (see Chess piece) have an extra queen of each color, should it be needed. If there is a promotion to a queen, and no queen is available, an upside-down rook is often used to designate a queen. In chess, each player has one of two equivalent sets of pieces of different colors. ... A rook (borrowed from Persian رخ rokh) is a piece in the strategy board game of chess. ...


The ability to promote is often the critical factor in endgames and thus is an important consideration in opening and middlegame strategy. A "passed pawn" is one which has no enemy pawns directly in front of it or to either side. Such a pawn is very valuable and should be pushed forward at every possible opportunity. On the other hand, the player defending against the passed pawn does well to place a piece (particularly a knight) directly in front of it to prevent it from moving. Chess grandmaster Aron Nimzowitsch wrote in his classic book My System that a passed pawn has a "lust to expand" and must be blockaded ("kept under lock and key") by the opposing player. In chess, the endgame (or end game or ending) refers to the stage of the game when there are few pieces left on the board. ... The first moves of a chess game are the opening moves, collectively referred to as the opening or the book. ... In chess, the middlegame refers to the portion of the game that happens immediately after the opening (usually the first move after the procession of moves that make up a standard opening) and blends somewhat with the endgame. ... A strategy is a long term plan of action designed to achieve a particular goal, as differentiated from tactics or immediate actions with resources at hand. ... Whites b, c, and e pawns are passed. ... The title International Grandmaster is awarded to superb chess players by the world chess organization FIDE. It is a lifetime title, in chess literature usually abbreviated as GM or IGM (this is in contrast to WGM for Woman Grandmaster and IM for International Master). ... Aron Nimzowitsch (also Nimzovich or Niemzowitsch) (November 7, 1886, Riga – March 16, 1935, Denmark) was a Latvian chess grandmaster. ...

See also

  Results from FactBites:
Promotion - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (123 words)
Promotion (chess), a term used in the game of chess
Promotion (rank), an increase in position in a hierarchy
Promotion (academic), German academic degree that is roughly equivalent to the Ph.D. Promotion (sports), a sports term describing a team moving into a higher league
Chess Guide - Online Games Information (1147 words)
Chess (the "Game of Kings") is a board game for two players, which requires 32 chesspieces (or chessmen) and a board demarcated by 64 squares.
Chess is one of humanity's more popular games; it is has been described not only as a game, but also as both art and science.
Chess is sometimes seen as an abstract wargame; as a "mental martial art".
  More results at FactBites »



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