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Encyclopedia > Prolamine

Prolamins are a group of globulin proteins found in grasses, most prominently the cereal crops such as wheat (gliadin), barley (secalin), rye (hordein) and oats (avenin). The are characterised by a high glutamine and proline content and are generally soluble only in strong alcohol solutions. Some prolamins, notably gliadin, may induce coeliac disease in genetically predisposed individuals.[1] Globulin is one of the two types of serum proteins, the other being albumin. ... A representation of the 3D structure of myoglobin, showing coloured alpha helices. ... An area of grass-like plants Grass generally describes a monocotyledonous green plant in the family Poaceae, botanically regarded as true grasses. ... Cereal crops are mostly grasses cultivated for their edible seeds (actually a fruit called a grain, technically a caryopsis). ... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. compactum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 For the indie rock group see: Wheat (band). ... Gliadin is a glycoprotein, present in wheat and some other cereals, best known for its role, along with glutenin, in the formation of gluten. ... Binomial name Hordeum vulgare L. Barley (Hordeum vulgare) is a major food and animal feed crop, a member of the grass family Poaceae. ... Secalin is a protein found in the grain rye. ... Binomial name Secale cereale M.Bieb. ... Hordein is a glycoprotein, present in barley and some other cereals, together with [gliadin] and other glycoproteins as [gluten]. Some people are sensitive to hordein due to disorders such as celiac disease. ... Species References ITIS 41455 2002-09-22 Oats are the seeds of any of several cereal grains in the genus Avena. ... Glutamine is one of the 20 amino acids encoded by the standard genetic code. ... L-Proline is one of the twenty proteinogenic units which are used in living organisms as the building blocks of proteins. ... Functional group of an alcohol molecule. ... Gliadin is a glycoprotein, present in wheat and some other cereals, best known for its role, along with glutenin, in the formation of gluten. ... Coeliac disease or celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder of the small bowel that occurs in genetically predisposed individuals in all age groups after early infancy. ...


Reference

  1. ^ Shewry PR, Halford NG. Cereal seed storage proteins: structures, properties and role in grain utilization. J Exp Bot 2002;53:947-58. PMID 11912237.

 
 

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