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Encyclopedia > Progressive Party (United States, 1948)
This article is part of the
Progressivism series:

1912 Progressive Party
1924 Progressive Party
1948 Progressive Party
American Progressivism
Economic progressivism
Educational progressivism
Social Progressivism
Techno-progressivism
Vermont Progressive Party This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... The United States Progressive Party of 1912 was a political party created by a split in the Republicans Party in the 1912 election. ... The United States Progressive Party of 1924 was a national ticket created by Robert M. La Follette, Sr. ... Progressivism in the United States // Overview Progressivism refers to two political phenomena: Populist Political Progressivism Joel loves progressivism he enjoys his paper on it. ... Economic Progressivism is a political Economic Ideology. ... Educational progressivists believe that education must be based on the fact that humans are social animals who learn best in real-life activities with other people. ... [[Category:Articles which may be biased|Social Progressivism] Social Progressivism is a political ideology opposite to Social conservatism. ... Techno-progressivism, technoprogressivism, or tech-progressivism (a portmanteau word combining technology-focused and progressivism), is a stance of active support for technological development and social progress. ... The Progressive Party of Vermont is perhaps the United States most consistently successful current minor party, although it is active in only one state. ...

The United States Progressive Party of 1948 was a political party that ran former Vice President Henry A. Wallace of Iowa for president and U.S. Senator Glen H. Taylor of Idaho for vice president in 1948. Henry Agard Wallace (October 7, 1888 – November 18, 1965) was the 33rd Vice President of the United States (1941-45), the 11th Secretary of Agriculture (1933-40), and the 10th Secretary of Commerce (1945-46). ... Official language(s) English Capital Des Moines Largest city Des Moines Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 26th 145,743 km² 320 km 500 km 0. ... Glen Hearst Taylor (April 12, 1904 - April 28, 1984) was a United States Senator from Idaho and the vice presidential candidate on the Progressive Party ticket in the 1948 election. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boise Largest city Boise Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 14th 216,632 km² 491 km 771 km 0. ...


This incarnation of the Progressive Party (known in some states as the Independent Progressive Party) was formed with an eye toward electing Wallace as president. It had no connection with the 1912 Progressive Party of Theodore Roosevelt or the 1924 Progressive Party of Robert Lafollette, Sr. The Wallace/Taylor ticket was also supported by several other small parties, such as the American Labor Party (ALP) of New York. The United States Progressive Party of 1912 was a political party created by a split in the Republicans Party in the 1912 election. ... The United States Progressive Party of 1924 was a national ticket created by Robert M. La Follette, Sr. ... The American Labor Party was a socialist political party in the United States active almost exclusively in the state of New York. ...


The Communist Party USA did not field a presidential candidate, and instead endorsed Wallace for President; given the tenor of U.S. politics, this endorsement was to hinder Wallace far more than it would help him. Wallace served Franklin D. Roosevelt as Secretary of Agriculture, Vice President, and Secretary of Commerce. He was fired by President Harry S. Truman because he denounced Truman's foreign policy regarding the Cold War. When Wallace refused to expel Communists working in the party during the 1948 election, his campaign was severely criticized by both the Truman and Dewey camps. The Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA) is the largest of several Marxist-Leninist groups in the United States. ... Franklin Delano Roosevelt (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), 32nd President of the United States, the longest-serving holder of the office and the only person to be elected President more than twice, was one of the central figures of 20th century history. ... The United States Secretary of Agriculture is the head of the United States Department of Agriculture concerned with land and food as well as agriculture and rural development. ... The office of the U.S. Secretary of Commerce in the mid-20th century. ... Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was the thirty-fourth Vice President (1945) and the thirty-third President of the United States (1945–1953), succeeding to the office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt. ... The Cold War was the protracted geostrategic, economic, and ideological struggle that emerged after World War II between the global superpowers of the Soviet Union and the United States, supported by their respective and emerging alliance partners. ... Thomas Dewey - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ...


Running as peace candidates in the nascent Cold War era, the Wallace/Taylor ticket garnered no electoral votes and less than 3 percent of the popular vote. Nearly half of these votes were obtained in New York state, where Wallace ran on the ALP ballot line. The Cold War was the protracted geostrategic, economic, and ideological struggle that emerged after World War II between the global superpowers of the Soviet Union and the United States, supported by their respective and emerging alliance partners. ...


Historians have disputed the degree to which Communists shaped the party. All agree that Wallace himself was not a Communist, but they also agree that he paid very little attention to internal party affairs. Historians Schapsmeier and Schapsmeier argue (1970 p 181)

Progressive party stood for one thing and Wallace another. Actually the party organization was controlled from the outset by those representing the radical left and not liberalism per se. This made it extremely easy for Communists and fellow travelers to infiltrate into important positions within the party machinery. Once this happened, party stands began to resemble a party line. Campaign literature, speech materials, and campaign slogans sounded strangely like echoes of what Moscow wanted to hear. As if wearing moral blinkers, Wallace increasingly became an imperceptive ideologue. Words were uttered by Wallace that did not sound like him, and his performance took on a strange Jekyll and Hyde quality—one moment he was a peace protagonist and the next a propaganda parrot for the Kremlin.

One historian (further to the left than the Schapsmeiers) explores the internal dynamic (Schmidt 258–9):

  • At one pole were the extreme leftists, three closely related groups—admitted Communists, past and present; the party-liners and fellow travelers who failed to differ noticeably with the Communists as to either policy or principle; and finally those non-Communists who, in … 1944–50 failed to take issue with the Communists on policy, but whose underlying principles seemingly differed….
  • In the middle were grouped an apparently large majority of Progressive Party followers—the moderates. Exemplified by both national candidates, these individuals were willing to accept Communist support, because they felt that it was inconsistent, in the light of their ideals, to oppose Redbaiting by others, yet attempt to read Communists out of the new party.
  • At the right were arrayed those who, feeling that Communist support should have been disavowed in no uncertain terms, yet were unwilling to adopt the ADA tactic of violent attack on the Communists. This group would have approved making the Progressives “non-Communist” rather than “antiCommunist”, excluding but not assailing the Reds. Most persons sharing this view had, like Max Lerner, completely avoided the party, but others like Rexford Guy Tugwell joined and stayed, if reluctantly, through the campaign….
  • In the period following 1948, these groups tended to leave the party in the order of their views from right to left. Most of the rightists departed during or shortly after the campaign, accompanied by many of the moderates. And the moderate defection, so marked following election day, 1948, became a nearly complete walkout in the summer of 1950, with the policy rift over Korea and Wallace's departure. Consequently, by the close of 1951 the few remaining portions of the Wallace Progressive Party were composed almost exclusively of the earlier extreme left group. These were the ones who had favored a “narrow” organization; after the Wallace break, they finally achieved this goal, with the departure of almost everyone else.

In 1952, the party ran Charlotta Bass for Vice President, making her the first African-American woman to run for national office; their presidential candidate was lawyer Vincent Hallinan. This campaign attracted little media attention and few votes; it was not even on the ballot in many states. Wallace had at this point made a concerted effort to distance himself from Communism, even writing a book entitled Why I Was Wrong. The Progressive Party disbanded in 1955, as the Cold War began to dominate the political spectrum in the United States, and any party which had not taken a stridently anti-Communist position was deemed to be unviable. Americans For Democratic Action (ADA) was formed in January 1947, when Eleanor Roosevelt, John Kenneth Galbraith, Reinhold Niebuhr, Hubert Humphrey and 200 other activists. ... Charlotta Amanda Bass (14th February, 1874-12th April, 1969), born in Sumter, South Carolina, USA, published the California Eagle from 1912 until 1951. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, American-African) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Vincent Hallinan was a lawyer from San Francisco, California. ...


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